About this topic
Summary In addition to its positive account of synthetic a priori cognition in mathematics and natural science, The Critique of Pure Reason also had the goal of exposing the fraudulent basis for the putatively synthetic a priori cognition contained in the doctrines of traditional metaphysics, namely, rational psychology, general cosmology, and natural theology. Kant has long been judged particularly successful in achieving this latter goal, to the extent that Moses Mendelssohn dubbed him the 'all destroying Kant.' 
Key works Grier 2005 brought renewed attention to Kant's doctrine of illusion and its systematic role in his criticism of metaphysics. Other discussions of Kant's general criticism of traditional metaphysics can be found in Bennett 1974, Allison 1988, and Bird 2006.
Introductions Useful introductions to Kant's criticism of traditional metaphysics can be found in Ameriks' contribution to Guyer 1992, and in Grier's SEP entry on the topic
Related categories

501 found
1 — 50 / 501
Material to categorize
  1. Los sueños de un visionario y la única realidad en que habitamos.Stéfano Straulino - 2016 - In Juan Manuel Navarro Cordón, Rogelio Rovira & Rafael Orden Jiménez (eds.), Nuevas perspectivas sobre la filosofía de Kant. Madrid: Escolar y Mayo. pp. 33-39.
    The Dreams of a Spirit-Seer and the one reality in which we live [English] Traüme eines Geistersehers usually constitutes a problematic work for Kant’s scholars for its unusual style and for the apparent break with the problems that occupied him at the beginning of the 1760s. However, this work is to a large extent the natural outcome of those themes, especially of the search for an appropriate method for metaphysics. In this paper we are particularly interested in highlighting two ideas (...)
  2. Kant’s Conception of Analytic Judgment.Ian Proops - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (3):588-612.
    In the Critique of Pure Reason Kant appears to characterize analytic judgments in four distinct ways: once in terms of “containment,” a second time in terms of “identity,” a third time in terms of the explicative-ampliative contrast, and a fourth time in terms of the notion of “cognizability in accordance with the principle of contradiction.” The paper asks which, if any, of these characterizations--or apparent charactcrizations--has the best claim to be Kant’s fundamental conception of analyticity in the first Critique. It (...)
  3. Knowledge, Discipline, System, Hope: The Fate of Metaphysics in the Doctrine of Method.Andrew Chignell - 2017 - In James O'Shea (ed.), Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: A Critical Guide. New York, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 259-279.
  4. Scepticism and the Development of the Transcendental Dialectic.Brian A. Chance - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (2):311-331.
    Kant's response to scepticism in the Critique of Pure Reason is complex and remarkably nuanced, although it is rarely recognized as such. In this paper, I argue that recent attempts to flesh out the details of this response by Paul Guyer and Michael Forster do not go far enough. Although they are right to draw a distinction between Humean and Pyrrhonian scepticism and locate Kant's response to the latter in the Transcendental Dialectic, their accounts fail to capture two important aspects (...)
Kant: Rational Psychology
  1. Transcendental Paralogisms as Formal Fallacies - Kant’s Refutation of Pure Rational Psychology.Toni Kannisto - 2018 - Kant-Studien 109 (2):195-227.
    : According to Kant, the arguments of rational psychology are formal fallacies that he calls transcendental paralogisms. It remains heavily debated whether there actually is any formal error in the inferences Kant presents: according to Grier and Allison, they are deductively invalid syllogisms, whereas Bennett, Ameriks, and Van Cleve deny that they are formal fallacies. I advance an interpretation that reconciles these extremes: transcendental paralogisms are sound in general logic but constitute formal fallacies in transcendental logic. By formalising the paralogistic (...)
  2. Uberzeugender Beweis Aus der Vernunft von der Unsterblichkeit Sowohl der Menschen Seelen Insgemein, Als Besonders der Kinder-Seelen.Israel Gottlieb Canz & Corey W. Dyck (eds.) - 2017 - Hildesheim: Olms.
    Israel Gottlieb Canz’s Uberzeugender Beweiß, first published in 1741 and reprinted here in its second, expanded edition stands as his most influential discussion of the soul’s immortality, with one contemporary pronouncing it to be “one of the best [treatments of immortality] that we have.” In this text, Canz seeks to augment and supplement traditional Wolffian proofs by considering, first, the grounds for the soul’s immortality that are contained in its own nature and, second, the grounds for the same that are (...)
  3. A Double Edged Sword? Kant's Refutation Of Mendelssohn's Proof Of The Immortality Of The Soul And Its Implications For His Theory Of Matter.Lorne Falkenstein - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 29 (4):561-588.
  4. Schwärmerei und Geisterseherei, Aufklärung und analytische Psychologie: Kant und Swedenborg aus der Sicht von C. G. Jung.Friedemann Stengel - 2008 - In Kant Und Swedenborgkant and Swedenborg. Approaches to a Controversial Relationship: Zugänge Zu Einem Umstrittenen Verhältnis. Walter de Gruyter – Max Niemeyer Verlag.
  5. Le Moi de Descartes et la « Psychologie de la Connaissance ».Siegfried Marck - 1937 - Travaux du IXe Congrès International de Philosophie 1:173-180.
    Dans la doctrine cartésienne du Cogito, ergo sum, on peut dégager deux idées : l’idée d’une vérité indépendante, fournissant d’elle-même des preuves suffisantes d’authenticité ; l’idée d’une évidence vécue dont toute la force tiendrait à la conscience plus ou moins riche et plus ou moins précise que le moi pourrait prendre de sa réalité intime. L’interprétation cartésienne du moi flotte entre le moi qui se définit par la pensée et le moi qui se définit par l’expérience. Kant, inspiré lui aussi (...)
  6. Physiologische Psychologie des Selbstbewusstseins zwischen Wolff und Kant.Udo Thiel - 2014 - Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 62 (5).
  7. Kant and the Demands of Self-Consciousness.Pierre Keller - 1999 - Cambridge University Press.
    In Kant and the Demands of Self-Consciousness, Pierre Keller examines Kant's theory of self-consciousness and argues that it succeeds in explaining how both subjective and objective experience are possible. Previous interpretations of Kant's theory have held that he treats all self-consciousness as knowledge of objective states of affairs, and also that self-consciousness can be interpreted as knowledge of personal identity. By developing this striking new interpretation Keller is able to argue that transcendental self-consciousness underwrites a general theory of objectivity and (...)
  8. Mental Powers and the Soul in Kant’s Subjective Deduction and the Second Paralogism.Steven Tester - 2016 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 46 (3):426-452.
    Kant’s claim in the Subjective Deduction that we have multiple fundamental mental powers appears to be susceptible to some a priori metaphysical arguments made against multiple fundamental mental powers by Christian Wolff who held that these powers would violate the unity of thought and entail that the soul is an extended composite. I argue, however, that in the Second Paralogism and his lectures on metaphysics, Kant provides arguments that overcome these objections by showing that it is possible that a composite (...)
  9. Ein “so lange aufgenommener Fremdling”. Kant und die Entwicklung der Psychologie.R. Martinelli - 2004 - .
  10. Zur Psychologie der Metaphysik.Arthur Liebert - 1917 - Kant-Studien 21 (1-3):42.
  11. The Scope of Inner Sense: The Development of Kant's Psychology in the Silent Decade.Corey W. Dyck - 2016 - Con-Textos Kantianos 3:1-19.
    In this paper I argue, contrary to a widely influential account of Kant’s development in the “silent decade,” that key changes in his empirical and rational psychology throughout the 1770’s are traceable to changes in the scope he assigns to inner sense. Kant’s explicit inclusion of our access to the I or soul within the scope of inner sense in the early 1770’s (after its apparent exclusion in the Dissertation) yields a more robust empirical psychology. Given the Wolffian character of (...)
  12. Kant and the Mind.Andrew Brook - 1997 - Cambridge University Press.
    Kant made a number of highly original discoveries about the mind - about its ability to synthesise a single, coherent representation of self and world, about the unity it must have to do so, and about the mind's awareness of itself and the semantic apparatus it uses to achieve this awareness. The past fifty years have seen intense activity in research on human cognition. Even so, Kant's discoveries have not been superseded, and some of them have not even been assimilated (...)
  13. Kant's Doctrine of Transcendental Illusion.Michelle Grier - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    This major study of Kant provides a detailed examination of the development and function of the doctrine of transcendental illusion in his theoretical philosophy. The author shows that a theory of 'illusion' plays a central role in Kant's arguments about metaphysical speculation and scientific theory. Indeed, she argues that we cannot understand Kant unless we take seriously his claim that the mind inevitably acts in accordance with ideas and principles that are 'illusory'. Taking this claim seriously, we can make much (...)
  14. Metaphysics: A Critical Translation with Kant's Elucidations, Selected Notes, and Related Materials.Courtney Fugate, John Hymers & Alexander Baumgarten - 2013 - Bloomsbury Academic.
    Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier's 18th-century German translation. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant's elucidations and notes, Eberhard's insertions in the 1783 German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten's Metaphysics is an essential, authoritative (...)
  15. Immanuel Kant: Die Einheit des Bewusst- seins. Die „Deduktion der Kategorien“ und die „Paralogismen der reinen Vernunft“.Rudolf Mösenbacher - 2015 - Kant-Studien 106 (3):523-527.
  16. Moog, Willy, Logik, Psychologie und Psychologismus.Willy Moog - 1920 - Kant-Studien 25 (1).
  17. Klemm, Otto, Dr., Privatdozent. Geschichte der Psychologie.Otto Klemm - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
  18. Ehrenberg, Hans, Dr., Privatdozent. Kritik der Psychologie als Wissenschaft, Forschungen nach den systematischen Prinzipien der Erkenntnislehre Kants.Hans Ehrenberg - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16 (1-3).
  19. Kant and Rational Psychology.Corey W. Dyck - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Corey W. Dyck presents a new account of Kant's criticism of the rational investigation of the soul in his monumental Critique of Pure Reason, in light of its eighteenth-century German context. When characterizing the rational psychology that is Kant's target in the Paralogisms of Pure Reason chapter of the Critique commentators typically only refer to an approach to, and an account of, the soul found principally in the thought of Descartes and Leibniz. But Dyck argues that to do so is (...)
  20. Review: Walsh, Kant's Criticism of Metaphysics[REVIEW]Arthur Melnick - 1977 - Journal of Philosophy 74 (3):181-184.
  21. Kant and Rational Psychology. [REVIEW]Steven Tester - 2015 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 23 (1):205-207.
  22. Lust, Schmerz, Apathie: Über einige Quellen der vorkritischen Psychologie Kants.Maria Antonietta Prantenda - 2013 - In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 481-496.
  23. Grundzüge Einer Geschichte der Deutschen Psychologie Und Aesthetik, von Wolff-Baumgarten Bis Kant-Schiller.Robert Sommer - 1892
  24. Das Wesen der Seele Und Die Natur der Geistigen Vorgänge Im Lichte der Philosophie Seit Kant [&C.].Johannes Heinrich Witte - 1888
  25. Apperzeption, Leben und Natur. Zur Subjekt- und Naturphilosophie bei Kant, Fichte und Hegel.Martin Bondeli - 2003 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 50 (3):537-554.
  26. Kant's Transcendental Psychology.Matthew Sean Mccormick - 1995 - Dissertation, The University of Rochester
    In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant argues, partly in response to Hume, that the mind brings an elaborate a priori structure to its interactions with the world. In his transcendental psychology, Kant argues for a number of theses about the nature of the mind of a subject that has cognition of empirical objects. This dissertation presents Kant's transcendental psychology and argues against a number of Patricia Kitcher's and Peter Strawson's criticisms. ;As a prelude to Kant's philosophical psychology, I reconstruct (...)
  27. Faculty Psychology and Analysis of Self-Consciousness in the Theoretical and Aesthetical Philosophy of Kant.Halley David Sanchez - 1974 - Dissertation, The Pennsylvania State University
  28. The Development of Kant's Refutation of Idealism.Luigi Caranti - 2001 - Dissertation, Boston University
    The dissertation analyzes Kant's arguments against Cartesian skepticism from the precritical period up to the "Reflexionen zum Idealismus" . It is argued that in the silent decade , the skeptical challenge leads Kant to reinterpret the foundation of his philosophy, namely, the distinction between appearances and things in themselves. Realizing the impossibility of refuting the skeptic through the identification of appearances with mental entities and the affirmation of the mind-independent existence of things in themselves as causes of the appearances , (...)
  29. L'idée de la personnalité dans la psychologie moderne. — Etude sur le moi, la conscience et la connaissanee de soi-même dans les doctrines psychologiques dérivées de Hume, de Kant et de Maine de Biran.Charles Jeanmaire - 1883 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 16:309-316.
  30. La psychologie de Kant.Mamiani Mamiani - 1878 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 5:457.
  31. Kant's Epistemic Self.Charles Thomas Powell - 1986 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    In the Paralogisms of the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant challenges the possibility of a priori knowledge of the self. Implicit in this attack is a positive theory of mind which is comprehensible only through a reading of the Transcendental Deduction. There Kant argues that the possibility of experience requires that experience be represented as had by a Cartesian Ego, since only the representation of such a unitary subject can provide the necessary framework for representing a coherent course of experiences. (...)
  32. Eisler-Lachelier, Psychologie und Metaphysik.Max Wundt - 1909 - Kant-Studien 14:130.
  33. Ehrenberg, Kritik der Psychologie als Wissenschaft.K. Sternberg - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16:100.
  34. Klemm, Geschichte der Psychologie.Kurt Sternberg - 1911 - Kant-Studien 16:350.
  35. Dessoir, Geschichte der neueren deutschen Psychologie.R. Falckenberg - 1902 - Kant-Studien 7:374.
  36. Palme, Sulzers Psychologie und die Anfänge der Dreivermögenslehre.J. W. Hickson - 1905 - Kant-Studien 10:582.
  37. A Commentary on Kant's "Dreams of a Spirit-Seer".Gregory Robert Johnson - 2001 - Dissertation, The Catholic University of America
    Kant's Dreams of a Spirit-Seer is usually interpreted as a skeptical-empiricist attempt to discredit the dogmatic metaphysics of the Leibniz-Wolff school by showing its similarities to Swedenborg's thought. I argue instead that Kant took Swedenborg's ideas serious as candidates for truth and that Swedenborg had a significant positive influence on the development of Kant's mature critical philosophy. ;Chapter one argues that Dreams is not unambiguously hostile to Swedenborg but rather systematically ambiguous and ironic. Kant constructs his text on two levels, (...)
  38. A Study of Kant's Theoretical Philosophy and Idealism.Camilla Serck-Hanssen - 1996 - Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
    The main purpose of this dissertation is to show how Kant's critical understanding of "apperception" emerged from systematic reasoning on the problem of cognition. I argue that my inquiry yields new insights into the meaning of "transcendental apperception" which resolve problems other interpreters have had with reconciling Kant's apparently vacillating and conflicting views on the self and the awareness thereof, show that Kant has a novel and radical conception of the self, and are pivotal for a proper understanding of Kant's (...)
  39. The Simplicity, Unity, and Identity of Thought and Soul From the Cambridge Platonists to Kant: A Study in the History of an Argument.Ben Lazare Mijuskovic - 1972 - Dissertation, University of California, San Diego
  40. Kant et le procès de la psychologie rationnelle.Jean Paumen - 1981 - Revue Internationale de Philosophie 35 (136/137):315.
  41. AMERIKS, K. "Kant's Theory of Mind: An Analysis of the Paralogisms of Pure Reason". [REVIEW]C. Janaway - 1984 - Mind 93:632.
  42. Georg MOHR, "Das sinnliche Ich. Innerer Sinn und Bewusstsein bei Kant". [REVIEW]L. Freuler - 1992 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 124:441.
  43. Die Wissenschaftskonzeption der Psychologie bei Kant und Wundt.Jochen Fahrenberg - 2008 - E-Journal Philosophie der Psychologie 10.
  44. V. Satura, Kants Erkenntnispsychologie in den Nachschriften seiner Vorlesungen über empirische Psychologie. [REVIEW]H. Drüe - 1974 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 65 (4):479.
  45. Kant und die Psychologie.Max Dessoir - 1924 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 29:98.
  46. Kants Erkenntnispsychologie in den Nachschriften Seiner Vorlesungen Über Empirische Psychologie.Vladimir Satura - 1971 - Bouvier.
1 — 50 / 501