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  1. Kant's Empirical Realism.Paul Abela - 2002 - Oxford University Press.
    Paul Abela presents a powerful, experience-sensitive form of realism about the relation between mind and world, based on an innovative interpretation of Kant. Abela breaks with tradition in taking seriously Kant's claim that his Transcendental Idealism yields a form of empirical realism, and giving a realist analysis of major themes of the Critique of Pure Reason. Abela's blending of Kantian scholarship with contemporary epistemology offers a new way of resolving philosophical debates about realism.
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  2. Putnam's Internal Realism and Kant's Empirical Realism.Paul Abela - 1996 - Idealistic Studies 26 (1):45-56.
    This paper challenges Putnam's claim that his internal realism is a revival of Kant's empirical realism. I agree with Putnam that there are good reasons to revive Kant's rather neglected empirical realist doctrine. However, internal realism is not the way this should be done. At the center of the following discussion lies the important difference between Putman's "real within a scheme" model and Kant's assertion of the independent existence of empirical objects. The strategy for the paper is as follows. I (...)
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  3. Things in Themselves.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (4):801-825.
    The paper is an interpretation and defense of Kant's conception of things in themselves as noumena, along the following lines. Noumena are transempirical realities. As such they have several important roles in Kant's critical philosophy (Section 1). Our theoretical faculties cannot obtain enough content for a conception of noumena that would assure their real possibility as objects, but can establish their merely formal logical possibility (Sections 2-3). Our practical reason, however, grounds belief in the real possibility of some noumena, and (...)
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  4. Signaling Systems and the Transcendental Deduction.A. Ahmed - forthcoming - In T. Goldschmidt K. Pearce (ed.), Idealism: New Essays in Metaphysics.
    The paper offers a model of Kant's claim that unity of consciousness entails objectivity of experience. This claim has nothing especially to do with thought, language or the categories but is a general truth about arbitrary signaling systems of the sort modeled in the paper. In conclusion I draw some consequences for various forms of idealism.
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  5. Kant's Neglected Alternative: Neither Neglected nor An Alternative.Necip Fikri Alican - 2017 - Philosophical Forum 48 (1):69–90.
    This is a defense of Kant against the allegedly neglected alternative in his formulation of transcendental idealism. What sets it apart from the contributions of others who have spoken for Kant in this regard is the construction of a general interpretive framework — a reconstruction of the one Kant provides for transcendental idealism — as opposed to the development of an ad hoc defensive strategy for refuting the charges. Hence, comprehensive clarification instead of pointed rebuttal. The difference is between focusing (...)
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  6. Manifest Reality: Kant's Idealism and His Realism.Lucy Allais - 2015 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Lucy Allais presents an original interpretation of Kant's transcendental idealism. She argues that his distinction between things in themselves and things as they appear to us has both epistemological and metaphysical components. Kant is committed to a genuine idealism about things as they appear to us, but this is not a phenomenalist idealism. He is committed to the claim that there is an aspect of reality that grounds mind-dependent spatio-temporal objects, and which we cannot cognize, but he does not assert (...)
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  7. Langton, Kant, and Things in Themselves.Lucy Allais - 2013 - In Stewart Duncan & Antonia LoLordo (eds.), Debates in Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses. Routledge. pp. 331.
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  8. Idealism Enough: Response to Roche.Lucy Allais - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (3):375-398.
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  9. Kant's Argument for Transcendental Idealism in the Transcendental Aesthetic.Lucy Allais - 2010 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 110 (1):47-75.
    This paper gives an interpretation of Kant's argument for transcendental idealism in the Transcendental Aesthetic. I argue against a common way of reading this argument, which sees Kant as arguing that substantive a priori claims about mind-independent reality would be unintelligible because we cannot explain the source of their justification. I argue that Kant's concern with how synthetic a priori propositions are possible is not a concern with the source of their justification, but with how they can have objects. I (...)
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  10. Transcendental Idealism and Metaphysics: Kant's Commitment to Things as They Are in Themselves.Lucy Allais - 2010 - Kant Yearbook 2 (1):1-32.
  11. Kant's Idealism and the Secondary Quality Analogy.Lucy Allais - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (3):459-484.
    : Interpretations of Kant's transcendental idealism have been dominated by two extreme views: phenomenalist and merely epistemic readings. There are serious objections to both of these extremes, and the aim of this paper is to develop a middle ground between the two. In the Prolegomena, Kant suggests that his idealism about appearances can be understood in terms of an analogy with secondary qualities like color. Commentators have rejected this option because they have assumed that the analogy should be read in (...)
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  12. Intrinsic Natures: A Critique of Langton on Kant.Lucy Allais - 2006 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 73 (1):143–169.
    This paper argues that there is an important respect in which Rae Langton's recent interpretation of Kant is correct: Kant's claim that we cannot know things in themselves should be understood as the claim that we cannot know the intrinsic nature of things. However, I dispute Langton's account of intrinsic properties, and therefore her version of what this claim amounts to. Langton's distinction between intrinsic, causally inert properties and causal powers is problematic, both as an interpretation of Kant, and as (...)
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  13. Kant's One World: Interpreting 'Transcendental Idealism'.Lucy Allais - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12 (4):655 – 684.
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  14. Kant's Transcendental Idealism and Contemporary Anti-Realism.Lucy Allais - 2003 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 11 (4):369 – 392.
    This paper compares Kant's transcendental idealism with three main groups of contemporary anti-realism, associated with Wittgenstein, Putnam, and Dummett, respectively. The kind of anti-realism associated with Wittgenstein has it that there is no deep sense in which our concepts are answerable to reality. Associated with Putnam is the rejection of four main ideas: theory-independent reality, the idea of a uniquely true theory, a correspondence theory of truth, and bivalence. While there are superficial similarities between both views and Kant's, I find (...)
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  15. Idealism and Freedom: Essays on Kant's Theoretical and Practical Philosophy.E. Allison Henry - 1996 - Cambridge University Press.
    Henry Allison is one of the foremost interpreters of the philosophy of Kant. This new volume collects all his recent essays on Kant's theoretical and practical philosophy. All the essays postdate Allison's two major books on Kant, and together they constitute an attempt to respond to critics and to clarify, develop and apply some of the central theses of those books. Two are published here for the first time. Special features of the collection are: a detailed defence of the author's (...)
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  16. Essays on Kant.Henry E. Allison - 2012 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume presents seventeen essays by one of the world's leading scholars on Kant. Henry E. Allison explores the nature of transcendental idealism, freedom of the will, and the concept of the purposiveness of nature. He places Kant's views in their historical context and explores their contemporary relevance to present day philosophers.
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  17. Transcendental Realism, Empirical Realism and Transcendental Idealism.Henry E. Allison - 2006 - Kantian Review 11 (1):1-28.
    This essay argues that the key to understanding Kant's transcendental idealism is to understand the transcendental realism with which he contrasts it. It maintains that the latter is not to be identified with a particular metaphysical thesis, but with the assumption that the proper objects of human cognitions are “objects in general” or “as such,” that is, objects considered simply qua objects of some understanding. Since this appears to conflict with Kant's own characterization of transcendental realism as the view that (...)
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  18. Kant's Transcendental Idealism.Henry E. Allison - 2004 - Yale University Press.
    This landmark book is now reissued in a new edition that has been vastly rewritten and updated to respond to recent Kantian literature.
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  19. Kant on Freedom: A Reply to My Critics.Henry E. Allison - 1993 - Inquiry 36 (4):443 – 464.
    The first two sections of this paper are devoted respectively to the criticisms of my views raised by Stephen Engstrom and Andrews Reath at a symposium on Kant's Theory of Freedom held in Washington D.C. on 28 December 1992 under the auspices of the North American Kant Society. The third section contains my response to the remarks of Marcia Baron at a second symposium in Chicago on 24 April 1993 at the APA Western Division meetings. The fourth section deals with (...)
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  20. Kant's Refutation of Realism.Henry E. Allison - 1976 - Dialectica 30 (2‐3):223-253.
    SummaryThis paper attempts to develop an interpretation of Kant's transcendental idealism which is based upon his critique of transcendental realism . It is argued that given Kant's transcendental distinction, all non‐ or pre‐critical philosophies, even Berkeleian phenomenalism are transcendentally realistic. This paradoxical result is used as the basis for an analysis of Kant's resolution of the mathematical antinomies, wherein this resolution is seen both as an “indirect proof” of transcendental idealism and as a refutation of transcendental realism. Finally, it is (...)
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  21. Kant's Critique of Berkeley.Henry E. Allison - 1973 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 11 (1):43.
  22. Kant's Concept of the Transcendental Object.Henry E. Allison - 1968 - Kant-Studien 59 (1-4):165-186.
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  23. Kant's Idealism on a Moderate Interpretation. Ameriks - 2011 - In Dennis Schulting & Jacco Verburgt (eds.), Kant's Idealism. New Interpretations of a Controversial Doctrine. Springer.
  24. Reality, Reason, and Religion in the Development of Kant's Ethics.Karl Ameriks - 2010 - In Benjamin Lipscomb & James Krueger (eds.), Kant's Moral Metaphysics: God, Freedom, and Immortality. De Gruyter. pp. 23.
  25. Problems From Van Cleve's Kant: Experience and Objects. [REVIEW]Karl Ameriks - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (1):196–202.
  26. Idealism and Freedom.Karl Ameriks - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):825-829.
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  27. Kantian Idealism Today.Karl Ameriks - 1992 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 9 (3):329 - 342.
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  28. Hegel and Idealism.Karl Ameriks - 1991 - The Monist 74 (3):386-402.
  29. Kant, Fichte, and Short Arguments to Idealism.Karl Ameriks - 1990 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 72 (1):63-85.
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  30. Review: Hoffe, Immanuel Kant.Karl Ameriks - 1985 - Review of Metaphysics 38 (3):636-637.
  31. Hegel's Critique of Kant's Theoretical Philosophy.Karl Ameriks - 1985 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 46 (1):1-35.
    This paper analyzes hegel's critique of kant's theoretical philosophy in terms of three specific objections to kant's transcendental deduction (concerning the representation of the i, The necessity of the categories, And the problem of a preliminary epistemology) and three specific objections to kant's transcendental idealism (concerning the thing in itself, The antinomies, And other specific problems of the transcendental dialectic).
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  32. Recent Work on Kant's Theoretical Philosophy.Karl Ameriks - 1982 - American Philosophical Quarterly 19 (1):1 - 24.
  33. Reviews. [REVIEW]Karl Ameriks & Ralf Meerbote - 1984 - Topoi 3 (2):181-190.
  34. The Influence of Perspective: An Interpretation and Defense of Nietzsche's Epistemology.R. Lanier Anderson - 1993 - Dissertation, University of Pennsylvania
    Nietzsche's perspectivism claims that every view is only one view. This claim raises serious self-referential difficulties: if Nietzsche's view is not to refute itself, then any argument offered on its behalf must be merely perspectival, but no such reasons would be convincing to Nietzsche's dogmatic opponents. This dissertation takes a historical approach, arguing that Nietzsche's perspectivism is a development and transformation of Kant's transcendental idealism. Our perspectival notions, like the Kantian categories, are conceptual resources that we bring to experience to (...)
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  35. Hans Vaihinger and Some Recent Intentionalist Readings of Kant.Richard E. Aquila - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (2):231-250.
    BRENTANO'S APPROPRIATION OF THE Scholastic notion of intentionality, and of what Brentano called "the intentional (or mental) inexistence of an object," was early on exploited in a reading of Kant's theory of objects and appearances. Apparently the first systematic attempt was undertaken by Hans Vaihinger. However, Vaihinger's is radically different from more recent intentionalist readings of Kant. Albeit not in every respect, I propose that a return to this aspect of Vaihinger's approach supports a rewarding advance on such readings. After (...)
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  36. Review: Sacks, Objectivity and Insight. [REVIEW]Richard E. Aquila - 2001 - Kantian Review 5 (1):114-119.
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  37. The Subject as Appearance and as Thing in Itself in the Critique of Pure Reason: Reflections in the Light of the Role of Imagination and Apprehension.Richard E. Aquila - 1992 - In Phillip D. Cummins & Guenter Zoeller (eds.), Minds, Ideas, and Objects: Essays in the Theory of Representation in Modern Philosophy. Ridgeview Publishing Company.
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  38. Who's Afraid of Idealism?Luis M. Augusto - 2005 - University Press of America.
    In Who's Afraid of Idealism? the philosophical concept of idealism, the extent to which reality is mind-made, is examined in new light. Author Luis M. Augusto explores epistemological idealism, at the source of all other kinds of idealism, from the viewpoints of Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Nietzsche, two philosophers who spent a large part of their lives denigrating the very concept. Working from Kant and Nietzsche's viewpoints that idealism was a scandal to philosophy and the cause of nihilism, Augusto evaluates (...)
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  39. Transcendental Idealism and Strong Correlationism: Meillassoux and the End of Heideggerian Finitude.Jussi Backman - 2014 - In Sara Heinämaa, Mirja Hartimo & Timo Miettinen (eds.), Phenomenology and the Transcendental. Routledge. pp. 276-294.
    The chapter discusses Quentin Meillassoux's recent interpretation and critique of Heidegger's philosophical position, which he describes as "strong correlationism." It emphasizes the fact that Meillassoux situates Heidegger in the post-Kantian tradition of transcendental idealism that he defines in terms of a focus on the correlation between being and thinking. It is argued that Meillassoux's "speculative" attempt to overcome the Kantian philosophical framework in the name of absolute contingency should be understood as a further development and dialectical overcoming of its ultimate (...)
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  40. The Role of Kant's Refutation of Idealism.Ralf M. Bader - 2012 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 94 (1):53-73.
    This paper assesses the role of the Refutation of Idealism within the Critique of Pure Reason, as well as its relation to the treatment of idealism in the First Edition and to transcendental idealism more generally. It is argued that the Refutation is consistent with the Fourth Paralogism and that it can be considered as an extension of the Transcendental Deduction. While the Deduction, considered on its own, constitutes a 'regressive argument', the Refutation allows us to turn the Transcendental Analytic (...)
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  41. Metalanguage and Transcendental Idealism.Kalyankumar Bagchi - 1972 - Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Visva-Bharati.
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  42. Space, Time and Mind-Dependence.Sorin Baiasu - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):175-190.
  43. Revolutionary Versus Traditionalist Approaches to Kant: Some Aspects of the Debate.Sorin Baiasu & Michelle Grier - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):161-173.
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  44. Review: Wood, Kant. [REVIEW]Tom Bailey - 2006 - Kantian Review 11:138-140.
  45. The Status of the Principles of the Analogies.Gary Banham - 2011 - Kantian Review 16 (2):201-210.
    The interpretation of Kant's Critical philosophy as a version of traditional idealism has a long history. In spite of Kant's and his commentators’ various attempts to distinguish between traditional and transcendental idealism, his philosophy continues to be construed as committed (whether explicitly or implicitly and whether consistently or inconsistently) to various features usually associated with the traditional idealist project. As a result, most often, the accusation is that his Critical philosophy makes too strong metaphysical and epistemological claims.
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  46. Freedom and Transcendental Idealism.Gary Banham - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (4):787 – 797.
    Full-text of this article is not available in this e-prints service. This article was originally published following peer-review in British Journal for the History of Philosophy, published by and copyright Routledge.
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  47. Kant and German Idealisms.Gary Banham - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 11 (2):333 – 339.
    This review article responds to a biography of Fichte and a collection of essays on German Idealism stressing the plurality of types of idealism that were presented at the close of the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century.
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  48. Henry Allison on Kant's Theory of Freedom.Marcia Baron - 1993 - Dialogue 32 (04):775-.
  49. Review: Melnick, Themes in Kant's Metaphysics and Ethics[REVIEW]Anne Margaret Baxley - 2007 - Philosophical Review 116 (1):142-144.
  50. Marks, Images, and Rules.Steven M. Bayne - 2011 - In Dennis Schulting & Jacco Verburgt (eds.), Kant's Idealism: New Interpretations of a Controversial Doctrine. Springer. pp. 127-142.
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