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Summary The major works of Immanuel Kant span nearly 60 years (from 1747-1800), though he is perhaps best know for his “critical" philosophy as espoused in his three Critiques: the Critique of Pure Reason (1781, 1787), the Critique of Practical Reason (1788), and the Critique of Judgment (1790). Kant's views changed considerably from his "pre-critical" period to his "critical" period, and there is some debate whether his late work, particularly his unpublished work on physics and chemistry (the so called Opus Postumum), constitutes a "post-critical" period. The entries in this category reflect not only Kant's work and changes or developments in his views from one work to the next, but also the publication and editorial history of the works themselves.
Key works Kant's major works include the pre-critical works establishing his status as a major philosophical figure in Germany and the later works of the critical philosophy, which established him as a major philosopher of the enlightenment. Key translated works include:  Kant 1992Kant 1996Kant 1998Kant 2000Kant 2002Kant 2007Kant 1992Kant 1997Kant 2012Kant 1993
Introductions Good overviews of Kant's philosophical works include: Rohlf 2010 and Grier 2008
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  1. Matthew C. Altman (2015). The Teleology of Reason: A Study of the Structure of Kant’s Critical Philosophy by Courtney D. Fugate. Journal of the History of Philosophy 53 (4):788-789.
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  2. Karl Ameriks & Steve Naragon (eds.) (2001). Lectures on Metaphysics. Cambridge University Press.
    The purpose of the Cambridge Edition is to offer translations of the best modern German edition of Kant's work in a uniform format suitable for Kant scholars. When complete the edition will include all of Kant's published writings and a generous selection from the unpublished writings such as the Opus postumum, handschriftliche Nachlass, lectures, and correspondence. This volume contains the first translation into English of notes from Kant's lectures on metaphysics. These lectures, dating from the 1760s to the 1790s, touch (...)
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  3. M. B. (1975). On the Old Saw. Review of Metaphysics 28 (4):756-757.
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  4. R. Brandt (2000). State of the Art and Future of the Akademie Edition of Kant's Complete Works. Kant-Studien 91:v - vi.
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  5. Ronald Calinger (1989). Kant's Philosophy of Physical Science: Metaphysische Anfangsgründe der Naturwissenschaft, 1786-1986Robert E. Butts. Isis 80 (4):708-709.
  6. George di Giovanni (2005). Freedom and Religion in Kant and His Immediate Successors: The Vocation of Humankind, 1774–1800. Cambridge University Press.
    The theologians of the late German Enlightenment saw in Kant's Critique of Pure Reason a new rational defence of their Christian faith. In fact, Kant's critical theory of meaning and moral law totally subverted the spirit of that faith. This challenging new study examines the contribution made by the Critique of Pure Reason to this change of meaning. George di Giovanni stresses the revolutionary character of Kant's critical thought but also reveals how this thought was being held hostage to unwarranted (...)
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  7. Mary Gregor & Jens Timmermann (eds.) (2011). Immanuel Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals: A German–English Edition. Cambridge University Press.
    Published in 1785, the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals is one of the most powerful texts in the history of ethical thought. In this book, Immanuel Kant formulates and justifies a supreme principle of morality that issues universal and unconditional moral commands. These commands receive their normative force from the fact that rational agents autonomously impose the moral law upon themselves. As such, they are laws of freedom. This volume contains the first facing-page German-English edition of Kant's Groundwork. It (...)
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  8. Paul Guyer & Eric Matthews (eds.) (2001). Critique of the Power of Judgment. Cambridge University Press.
    The Critique of the Power of Judgment is the third of Kant's great critiques following the Critique of Pure Reason and the Critique of Practical Reason. This translation of Kant's masterpiece follows the principles and high standards of all other volumes in The Cambridge Edition of the Works of Immanuel Kant. This volume, first published in 2000, includes: the indispensable first draft of Kant's introduction to the work; an English edition notes to the many differences between the first and second (...)
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  9. Peter Heath & J. B. Schneewind (eds.) (2001). Lectures on Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume contains four versions of the lecture notes taken by Kant's students of his university courses in ethics given regularly over a period of some thirty years. The notes are very complete and expound not only Kant's views on ethics but many of his opinions on life and human nature. Much of this material has never before been translated into English. As with other volumes in the series, there are copious linguistic and explanatory notes and a glossary of key (...)
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  10. Peter Heath & J. B. Schneewind (eds.) (1997). Lectures on Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    This volume contains four versions of the lecture notes taken by Kant's students of his university courses in ethics given regularly over a period of some thirty years. The notes are very complete and expound not only Kant's views on ethics but many of his opinions on life and human nature. Much of this material has never before been translated into English. As with other volumes in the series, there are copious linguistic and explanatory notes and a glossary of key (...)
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  11. Immanuel Kant, Arnold Kowalewski & Werner Stark (2000). Königsberger Kantiana [Immanuel Kant. Werke: Volksausgabe Bd. 1 / Hrsg. Von Arnold Kowalewski].
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  12. Gordon Michalson (ed.) (2014). Kant’s Religion Within the Boundaries of Mere Reason: A Critical Guide. Cambridge University Press.
    Kant's Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason was written late in his career. It presents a theory of 'radical evil' in human nature, touches on the issue of divine grace, develops a Christology, and takes a seemingly strong interest in the issue of scriptural interpretation. The essays in this Critical Guide explore the reasons why this is so, and offer careful and illuminating interpretations of the themes of the work. The relationship of Kant's Religion to his other writings is (...)
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  13. Lawrence Pasternack (ed.) (2002). Immanuel Kant: Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals in Focus. Routledge.
    _The Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals^ is one of the most important works of moral philosophy ever written, and Kant's most widely read work. It attempts to demonstrate that morality has its foundation in reason and that our wills are free from both natural necessity and the power of desire. It is here that Kant sets out his famous and controversial 'categorical imperative', which forms the basis of his moral theory. This book is an essential guide to the groundwork_ (...)
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  14. Robert J. Richards (2000). Kant and Blumenbach on the Bildungstrieb: A Historical Misunderstanding. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 31 (1):11-32.
  15. Patrick Riley (2008). Academy Edition. Leibniz Society Review 18:171-192.
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  16. Ellis Sandoz (ed.) (2011). Autobiographical Reflections, Revised Edition with Glossary. University of Missouri.
    _Autobiographical Reflections_ is a window into the mind of a man whose reassessment of the nature of history and thought has overturned traditional approaches to, and appraisals of, the Western intellectual tradition. Here we encounter the motivations for Voegelin's work, the stages in the development of his unique philosophy of consciousness, his key intellectual breakthroughs, his theory of history, and his diagnosis of the political ills of the modern age. Included in this revised volume is a glossary of terms used (...)
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  17. Hein van den Berg (2016). Bryan Wesley Hall, The Post-Critical Kant: Understanding the Critical Philosophy Through the Opus Postumum New York and London: Routledge, 2015 Pp. X + 220 9781138802148 $145. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 21 (2):329-333.
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  18. Allen W. Wood (2008). Kant. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This lucid survey takes readers on a thought-provoking tour through the life and work of Immanuel Kant. Offers an excellent introduction to the broad range of Kant’s philosophical thought. Provides an exposition of Kant’s major philosophical works, including the _Critique of Pure Reason._ Topics covered include Kant’s theory of empirical cognition, his doctrine of transcendental idealism, and his theory of the limits of reason.
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  19. Allen W. Wood (2004). Kant. Wiley-Blackwell.
    This lucid survey takes readers on a thought-provoking tour through the life and work of Immanuel Kant. Offers an excellent introduction to the broad range of Kant’s philosophical thought. Provides an exposition of Kant’s major philosophical works, including the _Critique of Pure Reason._ Topics covered include Kant’s theory of empirical cognition, his doctrine of transcendental idealism, and his theory of the limits of reason.
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Kant's Works in Pre-Critical Philosophy
  1. Uygar Abaci (2014). Kant's Only Possible Argument and Chignell's Real Harmony. Kantian Review 19 (1):1-25.
    Andrew Chignell recently proposed an original reconstruction of Kant's for the existence of God. Chignell claims that what motivates the of Kant's proof, , is the requirement that the predicates of a really possible thing must be , i.e. compatible in an extra-logical or metaphysical sense. I take issue with Chignell's reconstruction. First, the pre-Critical Kant does not present as a general condition of real possibility. Second, the real harmony requirement is not what motivates the of the proof. Instead, this (...)
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  2. Erich Adickes (1897). Die bewegenden Kräfte in Kants philosophischer Entwicklung und die beiden Pole seines Systems. Zweiter Artikel. Kant-Studien 1 (1-3):161-196.
  3. L. W. Beck E. T. al (ed.) (1986). Kant's Latin Writings: Translations, Commentaries and Notes. P. Lang.
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  4. Jeremiah Alberg (2015). Metaphysics as Kant’s Coquette: Rousseau’s Influence on Dreams of a Spirit-Seer. Kantian Review 20 (3):347-371.
    KantObservations on the Feeling of the Beautiful and the Sublime’ reveal a deep concern with the way in which the human drives to equality and unity lead inevitably to a drive for honour and its attendant delusions. He developed his thinking about these problems in the context of his reading of Rousseau. In his published Dreams of a Spirit-Seer, Kant tries to overcome the influence of the drive for honour by appealing to a metaphysics that is critical of itself. The (...)
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  5. Henry E. Allison (2007). Comments on Guyer. Inquiry 50 (5):480 – 488.
    Guyer argues for four major theses. First, in his early, pre-critical discussions of morality, Kant advocated a version of rational egoism, in which freedom, understood naturalistically as a freedom from domination by both one's own inclinations and from other people, rather than happiness, is the fundamental value. From this point of view, the function of the moral law is to prescribe rules best suited to the preservation and maximization of such freedom, just as on the traditional eudaemonistic account it is (...)
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  6. John Tull Baker (1935). Some Pre-Critical Developments of Kant's Theory of Space and Time. Philosophical Review 44 (3):267-282.
  7. Hans-Werner Bartz & Lothar Kreimendahl (2000). Bericht über Band II der Akademie-Ausgabe der Schriften Kants auf der Grundlage einer Untersuchung der Schrift - Der einzig mögliche Beweisgrund zu einer Demonstration des Daseins Gottes. Kant-Studien 91 (s1):17-19.
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  8. Peter Baumanns (1984). The Ontotheology of Kant in His Pre-Critical Period. Philosophy and History 17 (1):42-43.
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  9. Baumgarten (2009). Alexander Baumgarten: Metaphysics (1739). In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials. Cambridge University Press.
  10. Michael Beaney (2002). Kant and Analytic Methodology. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (3):455 – 466.
  11. Lewis White Beck (1984). Plurality of Worlds. The Origins of the Extra-Terrestrial Life Debate From Democritus to Kant. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Philosophy 22 (3):365-366.
  12. Lewis White Beck (1969). Early German Philosophy: Kant and His Predecessors. St. Augustine's Press.
  13. Lewis White Beck (1969). Lambert und Hume in Kants Entwicklung von 1769-1772. Kant-Studien 60 (2):123-130.
  14. Lewis White Beck (1961). Kant's Pre-Critical Ethics. New Scholasticism 35 (3):410-412.
  15. Lewis White Beck (1955). Sir David Ross on Duty and Purpose in Kant. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 16 (1):98-107.
  16. Graham Bird (2002). Review: Schönfeld, Hinske, Louden, Klemme & Kuehn, Ameriks, Kuehn. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (2):295 – 306.
  17. Stefanie Buchenau (2011). Notions directrices et architectonique de la métaphysique. La critique kantienne de Wolff en 1763. Astérion 9.
    Cet article cherche à reconstituer la thèse de Christian Wolff sur l’évidence (Deutlichkeit) des principes métaphysiques, dans un article de 1729 sur les « Notions directrices et le véritable usage de la première science », qui offre une référence centrale (et méconnue aujourd’hui) aux répondants du concours de 1762-1763, dont Kant. Wolff affirme en effet que la métaphysique est susceptible d’une certitude égale voire supérieure à celle des mathématiques et qu’elle diffuse cette certitude à travers toutes les autres disciplines ; (...)
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  18. Jeremy Byrd (2008). Kant's Compatibilism in the New Eludication of the First Principles of Metaphysical Cognition. Kant-Studien 99 (1):68-79.
    1. Introduction It is generally assumed that, during his early pre-critical phase, Kant accepted a Leibnizian account of freedom according to which we are free to do otherwise than we do even though our actions are determined. This assumption is false. Far from endorsing such an account, Kant explicitly argues in the New Elucidation of the First Principle of Metaphysical Cognition that there is no relevant sense in which we can do otherwise than we do. Nevertheless, he is equally convinced (...)
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  19. M. S. C. (1982). Review: Findlay, Kant and the Transcendental Object: A Hermenueutic Study. Review of Metaphysics 35 (3):602-604.
  20. Luigi Caranti (2004). The Problem of Idealism in Kants Pre-Critical Period. Kant-Studien 95 (3):283-303.
  21. Andrew N. Carpenter (2001). Review: Schönfeld, The Philosophy of the Young Kant: The Precritical Project. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 5 (1):147-153.
  22. Andrew N. Carpenter (1998). Review: Shell, The Embodiment of Reason: Kant on Spirit, Generation and Community. [REVIEW] Kantian Review 2 (1):134-143.
  23. Emily Carson (2006). Locke and Kant on Mathematical Knowledge. In Emily Carson & Renate Huber (eds.), Intuition and the Axiomatic Method. Springer. pp. 3--19.
  24. Francisco Caruso & Roberto Moreira Xavier (2015). On Kant’s First Insight Into the Problem of Space Dimensionality and its Physical Foundations. Kant-Studien 106 (4):547-560.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 106 Heft: 4 Seiten: 547-560.
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  25. Claudio Cesa (2009). Paola Rumore, L'ordine delle idee. La genesi del concetto di rappresentazione in Kant attraverso le sue fonti wolffiane. [REVIEW] Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 4:862.
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  26. Andrew Chignell (2014). Kant and the 'Monstrous' Ground of Possibility. Kantian Review 19 (1):53-69.
    I reply to recent criticisms by Uygar Abaci and Peter Yong, among others, of my reading of Kant's pre-Critical of God's existence, and of its fate in the Critical period. Along the way I discuss some implications of this debate for our understanding of Kant's modal metaphysics and modal epistemology generally.
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  27. Andrew Chignell (2009). Kant, Modality, and the Most Real Being. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 91 (2):157-192.
    Kant's speculative theistic proof rests on a distinction between “logical” and “real” modality that he developed very early in the pre-critical period. The only way to explain facts about real possibility, according to Kant, is to appeal to the properties of a unique, necessary, and “most real” being. Here I reconstruct the proof in its historical context, focusing on the role played by the theory of modality both in motivating the argument (in the pre-critical period) and, ultimately, in undoing it (...)
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  28. Robert R. Clewis (2014). Kant’s Empiricist Rationalism of the Mid-1760s. Eighteenth-Century Thought 5:179-225.
  29. Robert R. Clewis (2013). Kant’s Conception of Philosophy, 1764 –1765. In Margit Ruffing, Claudio La Rocca, Alfredo Ferrarin & Stefano Bacin (eds.), Kant Und Die Philosophie in Weltbürgerlicher Absicht: Akten des Xi. Kant-Kongresses 2010. De Gruyter. pp. 491-502.
  30. Juan Manuel Navarro Cordón (1974). Método y Metafísica en el Kant precrítico. Logos 9 (9):75-122.
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  31. D. O. D. (1960). Kant's Pre-Critical Ethics. Second Edition. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 14 (1):178-178.
1 — 50 / 1925