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  1. Introduction to the special issue ‘knowledge and justification: new perspectives’.Rodrigo Borges - forthcoming - Synthese:1-8.
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  2. Science and Politics in Democratic Contexts I: Scientific Practice [Ciencia y Política En Contextos Democráticos I: La Práctica Científica].Paulo Vélez León - 2018 - Disputatio. Philosophical Research Bulletin 8 (7).
    The political dimension of science has gained a particular interest in most recent decades for areas of knowledge like the Philosophy of science, as well as for political studies of science, history of science, among others. One reason for this development is that we are more conscious the results obtained by a scientist are a product of the interaction and interrelation of epistemic and none epistemic values. This dynamic is one of the factors which make progress in science possible and (...)
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  3. Knowledge and Experience Proceedings.C. D. Oberlin Colloquium in Philosophy, Rollins & Oberlin College - 1962 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
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  4. Basic Knowledge and Justification.Robert F. Almeder - 1983 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):115-127.
    As an introduction to explicating the concept of basic knowledge, I shall examine Aristotle's argument for the existence of basic knowledge and urge two basic points. The first point is that Aristotle's argument, properly viewed, establishes the existence of a kind of knowledge, basic or non-demonstrative knowledge, the definition of which does not require the specification of, and hence the satisfaction of, any evidence condition. This point has been urged by philosophers like Peirce and Austin but it needs further argumentation (...)
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  5. Easy Knowledge.Peter J. Markie - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):406-416.
    Stewart Cohen has recently presented solutions to two forms of what he calls “The Problem of Easy Knowledge”. I offer alternative solutions. Like Cohen’s, my solutions allow for basic knowledge. Unlike his, they do not require that we distinguish between animal and reflective knowledge, restrict the applicability of closure under known entailments, or deny the ability of basic knowledge to combine with self-knowledge to provide inductive evidential support. My solution to the closure version of the problem covers a variation on (...)
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  6. Television: Easy Come, Easy Go.Andrew Marwood - 1964 - New Blackfriars 46 (533):110-111.
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  7. No Easy Answers.John Hanging - 2002 - Analytic Teaching and Philosophical Praxis 22 (2):160-161.
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  8. La pretensión de verdad del cristianismo a la luz del pensamiento de Joseph Ratzinger.Rafael Pascual - 2010 - Alpha Omega 13 (3):377-391.
    La questione sulla verità del cristianesimo è fondamentale e ineludibile. In essa si trova uno dei filoni fondamentali del pensiero di Joseph Ratzinger – Benedetto XVI. In fondo si trovano coinvolti una serie di argomenti che si possono riassumere nel rapporto tra fede e ragione, tra il Dio della fede e il Dio dei filosofi. Nella visione cristiana ambedue non si contrappongono, ma s’incontrano. La “distinzione mosaica” s’incontra con la “distinzione socratica” . La pretesa di verità del cristianesimo conduce a (...)
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  9. The Easy Chair of Skepticism.Ralph Tyler Flewelling - 1923 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 4 (4):221.
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  10. No Easy Answers: Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge. [REVIEW]Kent Staley - 2007 - British Journal for the History of Science 40 (3):455-457.
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  11. No Easy Answers: Science and the Pursuit of Knowledge.Allan Franklin - 2007 - University of Pittsburgh Press.
    In _No Easy Answers_, Allan Franklin offers an accurate picture of science to both a general reader and to scholars in the humanities and social sciences who may not have any background in physics. Through the examination of nontechnical case studies, he illustrates the various roles that experiment plays in science. He uses examples of unquestioned success, such as the discoveries of the electron and of three types of neutrino, as well as studies that were dead ends, wrong turns, or (...)
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  12. “Knowledge and Ethics in Early Buddhism” (Zao Qi Fo Jiao Zhong De Dao De).Frank J. Hoffman - 2013 - In Li Lian (ed.), Fo Jiao Yu Dang Dai Wen Hua Jian She Xue Shu Yan Tao Hui Lun Wen Ji (The Collected Papers of "Buddhism and Contemporary Cultural Construction" Conference, Xi'an, China). Northwest University Press (Shi Bei Daxue).
  13. Unity of Knowledge.Niels Bohr - 1958 - In Atomic Physics and Human Knowledge. Wiley. pp. 67--82.
  14. Five Easy Pieces.Filosofisch Instifuut - 1983 - In Alice G. B. Ter Meulen (ed.), Studies in Modeltheoretic Semantics. Foris Publications. pp. 1.
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  15. The Nought Belief Paradox.Nicholas Shackel - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (3):523-529.
    A paradox is presented that the poses new problems for both the truth norm and the knowledge norm of belief.
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  16. Djacir Menezes E o Problema Do conhecimentoDjacir Menezes and the Problem of Knowledge.José Mauricio de Carvalho - 2012 - Cultura:65-73.
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  17. Introdução Ao Problema Do Conhecimento Em Pontos de Referência, de Francisco Vieira de AlmeidaIntroduction to the Problem of Knowledge in Pontos de Referência by Francisco Vieira de Almeida.Luís Manuel A. V. Bernardo - 2012 - Cultura:33-63.
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  18. Steps to an Ecology of Knowledge: Continuity and Change in the Genealogy of Knowledge.Axel Gelfert - 2011 - Episteme 8 (1):67-82.
    The present paper argues for a more complete integration between recent "genealogical" approaches to the problem of knowledge and evolutionary accounts of the development of human cognitive capacities and practices. A structural tension is pointed out between, on the one hand, the fact that the explicandum of genealogical stories is a specifically human trait and, on the other hand, the tacit acknowledgment, shared by all contributors to the debate, that human beings have evolved from non-human beings. Since humans differ from (...)
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  19. Introduction: Limits to Knowledge? No Easy Answer.Kenneth Prewitt - 2010 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 77 (3):901-904.
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  20. Democracy is Not a Truth Machine.Thomas Wells - 2013 - Think 12 (33):75-88.
    ExtractIn a democracy people are free to express their opinions and question those of others. This is an important personal freedom, and also essential to the very idea of government by discussion. But it has also been held to be instrumentally important because in open public debate true ideas will conquer false ones by their merit, and the people will see the truth for themselves. In other words, democracy has an epistemic function as a kind of truth machine. From this (...)
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  21. On a Flawed Argument Against the KK Principle.S. Okasha - 2013 - Analysis 73 (1):80-86.
    Externalists in epistemology often reject the KK principle – which says that if a person knows that p, then they know that they know that p. This paper argues that one standard argument against the KK principle that many externalists make is fallacious, as it involves illicit substitution into an intensional context. The fallacy is exposed and discussed.
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  22. "Knowledge," by Keith Lehrer.Dominic J. Balestra - 1976 - Modern Schoolman 53 (2):222-222.
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  23. "Precepts, Concepts, and Theoretic Knowledge: A Study in Epistemology," by Harold N. Lee.Dominic J. Balestra - 1976 - Modern Schoolman 54 (1):101-102.
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  24. Essays on a Priori Knowledge and Justification: Essays.Albert Casullo - 2012 - Oup Usa.
    The past twenty-five years have seen a major renewal of interest in the topic of a priori knowledge. In the sixteen essays collected here, which span this entire period, philosopher Albert Casullo documents the complex set of issues motivating the renewed interest, identifies the central epistemological questions, and provides the leading ideas of a unified response to them.
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  25. Knowing Future Contingents.Ezio Di Nucci - 2012 - Logos and Episteme 3 (1):43-50.
    This paper argues that we know the future by applying a recent solution of the problem of future contingents to knowledge attributions about the future. MacFarlane has put forward a version of assessment-context relativism that enables us to assign a truth value 'true' (or 'false') to future contingents such as There Will Be A Sea Battle Tomorrow. Here I argue that the same solution can be applied to knowledge attributions about the future by dismissing three disanalogies between the case of (...)
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  26. The Knower and the Known.Gavin Ardley - 1967 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 16:328-332.
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  27. Problems of Knowledge.Edward H. Madden - 1985 - International Studies in Philosophy 17 (1):95-96.
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  28. Knowledge Under Threat.Tomas Bogardus - 2014 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (2):289-313.
    Many contemporary epistemologists hold that a subject S’s true belief that p counts as knowledge only if S’s belief that p is also, in some important sense, safe. I describe accounts of this safety condition from John Hawthorne, Duncan Pritchard, and Ernest Sosa. There have been three counterexamples to safety proposed in the recent literature, from Comesaña, Neta and Rohrbaugh, and Kelp. I explain why all three proposals fail: each moves fallaciously from the fact that S was at epistemic risk (...)
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  29. Bolzanian Knowing: Infallibility, Virtue and Foundational Truth.Anita Konzelmann Ziv - 2011 - Synthese 183 (1):27-45.
    The paper discusses Bernard Bolzano’s epistemological approach to believing and knowing with regard to the epistemic requirements of an axiomatic model of science. It relates Bolzano’s notions of believing, knowing and evaluation to notions of infallibility, immediacy and foundational truth. If axiomatic systems require their foundational truths to be infallibly known, this knowledge involves both evaluation of the infallibility of the asserted truth and evaluation of its being foundational. The twofold attempt to examine one’s assertions and to do so by (...)
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  30. Knowledge Norms and Acting Well.Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa - 2012 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):49-55.
    I argue that evaluating the knowledge norm of practical reasoning is less straightforward than is often assumed in the literature. In particular, cases in which knowledge is intuitively present, but action is intuitively epistemically unwarranted, provide no traction against the knowledge norm. The knowledge norm indicates what it is appropriately to hold a particular content as a reason for action; it does not provide a theory of what reasons are sufficient for what actions. Absent a general theory about what sorts (...)
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  31. Why Philosophy Is Easy.Jacob Needleman - 1968 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (1):3 - 14.
    This naturally calls to mind Plato's plan of education in which the highest pursuit, philosophy, is also to be the last in line. With Plato, as with Maimonides, we read that the direct search for wisdom is to be preceded by a certain training of all the natural faculties of man: the body, the emotions, and the intellect.
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  32. The Sociology of Intellectual Life: The Career of the Mind in and Around the Academy.Steve Fuller - 2009 - Sage Publications.
    1. The Place of Intellectual Life: The University -- The University as an Institutional Solution to the Problem of Knowledge -- The Alienability of Knowledge in Our So-called Knowledge Society -- The Knowledge Society as Capitalism of the Third Order -- Will the University Survive the Era of Knowledge Management? -- Postmodernism as an Anti-university Movement -- Regaining the University's Critical Edge by Historicizing the Curriculum -- Affirmative Action as a Strategy for Redressing the Balance Between Research and Teaching -- (...)
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  33. Sosa on Easy Knowledge and the Problem of the Criterion.James Van Cleve - 2011 - Philosophical Studies 153 (1):19-28.
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  34. Reliabilism and the Extra Value of Knowledge.Wayne A. Davis & Christoph Jäger - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 157 (1):93-105.
    Goldman and Olsson ( 2009 ) have responded to the common charge that reliabilist theories of knowledge are incapable of accounting for the value knowledge has beyond mere true belief. We examine their “conditional probability solution” in detail, and show that it does not succeed. The conditional probability relation is too weak to support instrumental value, and the specific relation they describe is inessential to the value of knowledge. At best, they have described conditions in which knowledge indicates that additional (...)
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  35. The Solution is Easy.Mark Joseph Schmid - 1942 - New York and Cincinnati, Frederick Pustet Co..
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  36. The Possibility of Knowledge • by Quassim Cassam • Oxford University Press, 2007. X + 256 Pp. £32.00 Cloth: Summary. [REVIEW]Quassim Cassam - 2009 - Analysis 69 (2):307-309.
    An epistemological how-possible question asks how knowledge, or knowledge of some specific kind, is possible. Familiar epistemological how-possible questions include ‘How is knowledge of the external world possible?’, ‘How is knowledge of other minds possible?’ and ‘How is a priori knowledge possible?’ These are the three questions that I tackle in my book. In each case, I explain how and why the question arises and propose a way of answering it. The main negative claim of the book is that transcendental (...)
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  37. Quantity, Quality, and the Function of Knowledge.Hartley B. Alexander - 1905 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 2 (17):459-464.
  38. Must Science Validate All Knowledge?Lynne Rudder Baker - 2003 - In Anthony J. Sanford (ed.), The Nature and Limits of Human Understanding: The 2001 Gifford Lectures at the University of Glasgow (Gifford Lectures, University of Glasgow 2001). T & T Clark (London).
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  39. Doubt, Belief, and Knowledge.Sibajiban Bhattacharyya - 1987 - Indian Council of Philosophical Research in Association with Allied Publishers.
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  40. Basic Knowledge.Allen Buchanan - 1976 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 37 (1):101-108.
  41. Signification and Truth Epistemology at the Crossroads of Semantics and Ontology in Augustine's Early Philosophical Writings.Laurent Cesalli & Nadja Germann - 2008 - Vivarium 46 (2):123-154.
    This article is about the conception of truth and signification in Augustine's early philosophical writings. In the first, semantic-linguistic part, the gradual shift of Augustine's position towards the Academics is treated closely. It reveals that Augustine develops a notion of sign which, by integrating elements of Stoic epistemology, is suited to function as a transmitter of true knowledge through linguistic expressions. In the second part, both the ontological structure of signified (sensible) things and Augustine's solution to the apparent tautologies of (...)
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  42. Historicism and Knowledge.Robert D'Amico - 1989 - Routledge.
    A critical account of the case for historicism from Popper to Foucault, this volume, originally published in 1989, shows the viability of an historicist account of knowledge by replying to traditional objections and the need for defenses of realism and reference at the heart of most alternatives to historicism. The book provides insights to those in philosophy as well as literary criticism, intellectual history, history of science, and cultural criticism.
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  43. Adaptive Knowing: Epistemology From a Realistic Standpoint.James Kern Feibleman - 1976 - M. Nijhoff.
    The problem of knowledge.--The acquisition of knowledge.--The assimilation of knowledge.--The deployment of knowledge.--Knowing, doing and being.--Absent objects.--The mind-body problem.--The knowledge of the known.--The subjectivity of a realist.--Activity as a source of knowledge.--On beliefs and believing.--Adaptive responses and the ecosystem.--The reality game.
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  44. K.Exchange - a Systematic Approach to Knowledge Transfer of the Aging Workforce.Julia Haarmann, Toralf Kahlert, Lars Langenberg & Tobias Müller-Prothmann - unknown
    Managing knowledge of the aging workforce is a major challenge, particularly to companies in the aerospace industry. Whenever an expert or manager retires or takes up a new position, there is the risk of losing his or her knowledge about what it really needs to fill his/her position. Apart from the risk of losing expert knowledge about administrative or technical issues, there is also the risk of losing distinct, personal social networks which are needed for gathering information or synchronising with (...)
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  45. Plato's Epistemology: How Hard is It to Know?Elizabeth A. Laidlaw-Johnson - 1996 - Peter Lang.
  46. The Easy Argument.Steven Luper - 2007 - Acta Analytica 22 (4):321 - 331.
    Suppose Ted is in an ordinary house in good viewing conditions and believes red, his table is red, entirely because he sees his table and its color; he also believes not-white, it is false that his table is white and illuminated by a red light, because not-white is entailed by red. The following three claims about this table case clash, but each seems plausible: 1. Ted’s epistemic position is strong enough for him to know red. 2. Ted cannot know not-white (...)
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  47. Easy Knowledge.Peter J. Markie - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (2):406–416.
    Stewart Cohen has recently presented solutions to two forms of what he calls "The Problem of Easy Knowledge" ("Basic Knowledge and the Problem of Easy Knowledge," Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, LXV, 2, September 2002, pp. 309-329). I offer alternative solutions. Like Cohen's, my solutions allow for basic knowledge. Unlike his, they do not require that we distinguish between animal and reflective knowledge, restrict the applicability of closure under known entailments, or deny the ability of basic knowledge to combine with self-knowledge (...)
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  48. What is It Really Like Out There?: Objective Knowing.Thomas Moorman - 1977 - Atheneum.
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  49. The Changing Nature of Knowledge: Mapping the Discourse of the Malmö Longitudinal Study, 1939-1995.Mina O'Dowd - 2000 - Stockholms Universitet.
    The concept of knowledge is the topic of this monograph, the purpose of which is to study how it has been represented in educational research literature since 1939. Six texts have been selected, which use the Malmö Longitudinal Study data. These texts span the time period of 1939-1995 and have different foci, such as intelligence, social adjustment, benefits of education, recurrent education and quality of life. Discourse analysis has been used to study the texts. The assumption, guiding the analysis, is (...)
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  50. Theories of Knowledge.Howard L. Parsons - 1983 - In Pasquale N. Russo (ed.), Dialectical Perspectives in Philosophy and Social Science. B.R. Grüner.
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1 — 50 / 307