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Summary Logic and philosophy of science and mathematics did not develop in Latin American philosophy until the second half of the twentieth century. At present, they are cultivated mostly by philosophers working in the analytic tradition. But it is not uncommon to find interest in these areas among some Thomists and historians of philosophy. 
Key works The greatest contribution to logic from Latin America is paraconsistent logic, first outlined by Peruvian Francisco Miro´ Quesada and later developed by the Brazilian Newton da Costa and his collaborators. Argentine Carlos Alchourron has made a contribution to epistemology through his original theory of belief revision, developed with colleagues from outside Latin America. Noteworthy contributions to philosophy of science include Ulises C. Moulines's structuralism in science, Mario Bunge's scientific realism, and Roberto Torretti’s historical approach to the foundations of physics.
Introductions Introductory sources in this category include Bunge 1963, Bunge 1962, Moulines 1976, Moulines 1980, Moulines 2010, Arlo-Costa 1999, da Costa et al 2007, and Costa et al 1997
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  1. Ciencia, moralidad y comunicación en Eduardo Nicol: una perspectiva metafísica.Pablo Cristóbal Jiménez Lobeira - manuscript
    Entre las figuras que hicieron de parteaguas para la filosofía en México después del exilio español de fines de los años treinta, una cuya importancia está todavía por conocerse y difundirse es la de Eduardo Nicol, que murió apenas en 1990. Su amplia obra intelectual se articula durante alrededor de cincuenta años. En las siguientes líneas se recogen pasajes de dos capítulos que forman parte de Ideas de vario linaje, y que revelan ciertos trazos del pensamiento del pensador catalán, pertinentes (...)
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  2. Intercultural Science Education as a Trading Zone Between Traditional and Academic Knowledge.Jairo Robles-Piñeros, David Ludwig, Geilsa Costa Santos Baptista & Adela Molina Andrade - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences:101337.
  3. Vérité partielle et réalisme scientifique: une approche bungéenne.Jean-Pierre Marquis - 2020 - Mεtascience 1:293-314.
    Le réalisme scientifique occupe une place centrale dans le système philosophique de Mario Bunge. Au cœur de cette thèse, on trouve l’affirmation selon laquelle nous pouvons connaître le monde partiellement. Il s’ensuit que les théories scientifiques ne sont pas totalement vraies ou totalement fausses, mais plutôt partiellement vraies et partiellement fausses. Ces énoncés sur la connaissance scientifique, à première vue plausible pour quiconque est familier avec la pratique scientifique, demandent néanmoins à être clarifiés, précisés et, ultimement, à être inclus dans (...)
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  4. Worlds and Propositions Set Free.Otávio Bueno, Christopher Menzel & Edward N. Zalta - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (4):797–820.
    The authors provide an object-theoretic analysis of two paradoxes in the theory of possible worlds and propositions stemming from Russell and Kaplan. After laying out the paradoxes, the authors provide a brief overview of object theory and point out how syntactic restrictions that prevent object-theoretic versions of the classical paradoxes are justified philosophically. The authors then trace the origins of the Russell paradox to a problematic application of set theory in the definition of worlds. Next the authors show that an (...)
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  5. Latin American Perspectives on Science and Religion.Ignacio Silva (ed.) - 2014 - London: Pickering & Chatto.
    Latin America plays an increasingly important role in the development of modern Christianity yet it has been underrepresented in current scholarship on religion and science. In this first edited volume on the subject, contributors explore the different ways that religion and science relate to each other, how developments in natural science shaped religious views from the pre-Hispanic period until the nineteenth century and the current debates over evolution and creationism. It will appeal to those researching theology, divinity, philosophy, history of (...)
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  6. Nominalism and the Application of Mathematics: Jody Azzouni: Deflating Existential Consequence: A Case for Nominalism. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004. Viii+241pp, $49.95 HB.Otávio Bueno - 2012 - Metascience 21 (2):301-304.
    Nominalism and the application of mathematics Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-012-9653-6 Authors Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  7. Just What is Vagueness?Otávio Bueno & Mark Colyvan - 2012 - Ratio 25 (1):19-33.
    We argue that standard definitions of ‘vagueness’ prejudice the question of how best to deal with the phenomenon of vagueness. In particular, the usual understanding of ‘vagueness’ in terms of borderline cases, where the latter are thought of as truth-value gaps, begs the question against the subvaluational approach. According to this latter approach, borderline cases are inconsistent (i.e., glutty not gappy). We suggest that a definition of ‘vagueness’ should be general enough to accommodate any genuine contender in the debate over (...)
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  8. Can Mathematics Explain Physical Phenomena?Otávio Bueno & Steven French - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (1):85-113.
    Batterman raises a number of concerns for the inferential conception of the applicability of mathematics advocated by Bueno and Colyvan. Here, we distinguish the various concerns, and indicate how they can be assuaged by paying attention to the nature of the mappings involved and emphasizing the significance of interpretation in this context. We also indicate how this conception can accommodate the examples that Batterman draws upon in his critique. Our conclusion is that ‘asymptotic reasoning’ can be straightforwardly accommodated within the (...)
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  9. Hispanic-American Philosophy in the Fringes of the Empire.Adolfo García de la Sienra & Leandro Rodríguez Medina - 2012 - Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 100 (1):123-139.
    After presenting a brief history of philosophy in Hispanic-America since the XVI century, we discuss whether the idea of province and empire is applicable to contemporary Hispanic-American philosophy, investigate the form these ideas adopt in this region, and inquire into the ways in which provincialism i s present in philosophical work. We conclude that there are three main groups that understand their peripheral position in different ways, with different views on the way in which they should insert into the mainstream (...)
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  10. Reseña: Alex Ibarra Peña: Filosofía chilena: La tradición analítica en el período de institucionalización de la filosofía.Pedro D. Karczmarczyk - 2012 - Estudios de Filosofía Práctica E Historia de Las Ideas 14 (2):119-121.
    El presente trabajo de Alex Ibarra Peña recoge los resultados de una investigación cuyo tema es la constitución de un campo de estudios ligado a la filosofía analítica en Chile. El autor se propone una tarea informativa y crítica en la que cifra la novedad de su propuesta. En otros términos, la suya es una labor de rescate, de algunos filósofos y corrientes de pensamiento relegados en las narraciones hegemónicas de la institucionalización de la filosofía en Chile y una tarea (...)
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  11. Darwinlandia -4.Enrique Morata - 2012 - Bubok.
    Continúa mi primer escrito: "Darwinlandia". España no es darwinista. Un planeta para las variaciones. El darwinismo crítico de Bunge. El darwinismo de derechas de Pinker. Los enfermos contra el darwinismo.
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  12. When Physics and Biology Meet: The Nanoscale Case.Otávio Bueno - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 42 (2):180-189.
    As an illustration of the complexities involved in connecting physics and molecular biology at the nanoscale, in this paper I discuss two case studies from nanoscience. The first examines the use of a biological structure to build nanostructures in a controlled way. The second discusses the attempt to build a single molecular wire, and then decide whether such a wire is indeed conducting. After presenting the central features of each case study, I examine the role played in them by microscopic (...)
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  13. Book Review: Tristram Hunt Marx’s General: The Revolutionary Life of Friedrich Engels, New York: Henry Holt and Co., 2009. 430 Pp. $32.00. [REVIEW]Mario Bunge - 2011 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 41 (3):446-449.
  14. Scientific Realism and the Divide Et Impera Strategy: The Ether Saga Revisited.Alberto Cordero - 2011 - Philosophy of Science 78 (5):1120-1130.
  15. Amos & Postmodernity: A Contemporary Critical & Reflective Perspective on the Interdependency of Ethics & Spirituality in the Latino-Hispanic American Reality. [REVIEW]David A. Escobar - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):59-72.
    This article argues that ethics and spirituality are therefore interdependent. One cannot be practiced without paying attention to the other. One needs to be shaped and informed by the other. This article intends to support this claim by briefly using the book and story of the Old Testament prophet Amos. Here, a brief but fair description and definition of postmodernity is provided in order to prepare the ground for an examination, discussion, and reflection of the interdependency of ethics and spirituality (...)
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  16. Forging People: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in Hispanic American and Latino/a Thought.Jorge J. E. Gracia (ed.) - 2011 - University of Notre Dame Press.
    __Forging People __explores the way in which Hispanic American thinkers in Latin America and Latino/a philosophers in the United States have posed and thought about questions of race, ethnicity, and nationality, and how they have interpreted the most significant racial and ethnic labels used in Hispanic America in connection with issues of rights, nationalism, power, and identity. Following the first introductory chapter, each of the essays addresses one or more influential thinkers, ranging from Bartolomé de Las Casas on race and (...)
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  17. Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in Hispanic American and Latino/a Thought.Jorge J. E. Gracia - 2011 - In Forging People: Race, Ethnicity, and Nationality in Hispanic American and Latino/a Thought. University of Notre Dame Press.
  18. Pensamiento uruguayo. Estudios latinoamericanos de historia de las ideas y filosofía de la práctica.Carlos Pereda - 2011 - Dianoia 56 (66):230-235.
    En esta nota crítica (i) se hace una breve descripción de cada uno de los artículos que componen Orayen: de la forma lógica al significado, (ii) se señalan algunas cuestiones que no están claras en ellos o en las réplicas de Orayen y, (iii) en la medida de lo posible, se indica si los autores desarrollan ulteriormente los problemas abordados en sus artículos. The aim of this critical note is threefold: (i) it briefly describes and comments on each of the (...)
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  19. Defeasible Reasoning + Partial Models: A Formal Framework for the Methodology of Research Programs. [REVIEW]Fernando Tohmé, Claudio Delrieux & Otávio Bueno - 2011 - Foundations of Science 16 (1):47-65.
    In this paper we show that any reasoning process in which conclusions can be both fallible and corrigible can be formalized in terms of two approaches: (i) syntactically, with the use of defeasible reasoning, according to which reasoning consists in the construction and assessment of arguments for and against a given claim, and (ii) semantically, with the use of partial structures, which allow for the representation of less than conclusive information. We are particularly interested in the formalization of scientific reasoning, (...)
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  20. Formal Epistemology and Logic.Horacio Arló-Costa & Eduardo Fermé - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  21. Report: Symposium on the Philosophy of Chemistry, Universidad de Los Andes, Bogota, Colombia, 21-23 July 2009.Andrés Bernal, Guillermo Restrepo & José L. Villaveces - 2010 - Hyle 16 (1):43 - 45.
  22. A Defense of Second-Order Logic.Otávio Bueno - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (2-3):365-383.
    Second-order logic has a number of attractive features, in particular the strong expressive resources it offers, and the possibility of articulating categorical mathematical theories (such as arithmetic and analysis). But it also has its costs. Five major charges have been launched against second-order logic: (1) It is not axiomatizable; as opposed to first-order logic, it is inherently incomplete. (2) It also has several semantics, and there is no criterion to choose between them (Putnam, J Symbol Logic 45:464–482, 1980 ). Therefore, (...)
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  23. Hetherington, Stephen, Ed., Epistemology Futures, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2006, X + 241, US$54.00.Otávio Bueno - 2010 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 88 (1):181-183.
  24. Structuralism and Information.Otávio Bueno - 2010 - Metaphilosophy 41 (3):365-379.
    Abstract: According to Luciano Floridi (2008) , informational structural realism provides a framework to reconcile the two main versions of realism about structure: the epistemic formulation (according to which all we can know is structure) and the ontic version (according to which structure is all there is). The reconciliation is achieved by introducing suitable levels of abstraction and by articulating a conception of structural objects in information-theoretic terms. In this essay, I argue that the proposed reconciliation works at the expense (...)
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  25. Models and Scientific Representations.Otávio Bueno - 2010 - In P. D. Magnus & Jacob Busch (eds.), New Waves in Philosophy of Science. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 94--111.
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  26. From Philosophy to Physics and Back.Mario Bunge - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  27. Reading Measuring Instruments.Mario Bunge - 2010 - Spontaneous Generations 4 (1):85-93.
    The design, maintenance and use of all measuring instruments involve indicators of the thing, property, or event they are expected to detect or measure. And every quantitative indicator is a functional relation between imperceptible and perceptible facts—for example, the “flow” of time and the rotation of a watch’s hands. The empirical test of any quantitative hypothesis involves the translation of the unobservable variables occurring in it into the observable variable(s) in the indicator hypothesis. Yet, indicators have escaped the notice of (...)
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  28. Philosophy of Science.Alberto Cordero - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
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  29. Paraconsistent Logic.Newton C. A. Costa & Otávio Bueno - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  30. Paraconsistent Logic.Newton da Costa & Otávio Bueno - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  31. As Trajetórias Dos Estudos Sobre Ciência, Tecnologia E Sociedade E da Política Científica E Tecnológica Na Ibero-América.Renato Dagnino - 2010 - In Renato Dagnino & Rafael de Brito Dias (eds.), Estudos Sociais da Ciência E Tecnologia & Política de Ciência E Tecnologia: Alternativas Para Uma Nova América Latina. Gapi Unicamp.
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  32. Filosofia e História da Biologia.Antonio Carlos Sequeira Fernandes, Ricardo Pereira, Ismar de Souza Carvalho, Débora de Almeida Azevedo, Fernando Dias de Avila-Pires, Gerda Maísa Jensen, Maria Elice Brzezinski Prestes, Lilian Al-Chueyr Pereira Martins, Lourdes Della Justina & Ana Maria de Andrade Caldeira - 2010 - Filosofia 5 (1).
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  33. Estructura de la Ciencia y Posibilidad Del Conocimiento a Partir de Eduardo Nicol: Esbozo de Una Nueva Idea de Razón.González Hinojosa & Roberto Andrés - 2010 - Universidad Autónoma Del Estado de México.
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  34. Globalization and Latin American Thought.A. Pablo Iannone - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  35. Sobre hipótesis e “hipertesis ”: Inmovilidad de una noción acerca de un problema inicial de la filosofía de Julio Enrique Blanco.Isaza Jhon & Duque Nicolás - 2010 - Saga - Revista de Estudiantes de Filosofía 12.
    Nos daremos a la tarea de presentar una discusión que se encuentra en la obra del filósofo colombiano Julio Enrique Blanco, y en particular en dos de sus primeros escritos: “De la causalidad biológica I” (1917) y “Caminos de perfección” (1918). Para hacerlo debimos primero recurrir a uno de los textos centrales del inglés John Stuart Mill: Un sistema de lógica (1843). Lo que ha resultado de estas tres lecturas es la reconstrucción de una propuesta metodológica realizada por el colombiano, (...)
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  36. Metatheoretical Structuralism: A General Program for Analyzing Science. [REVIEW]C. U. Moulines - 2010 - Axiomathes 20 (2-3):255-268.
    In spite of the ‘experimental turn’ now fashionable in the philosophy of science, the question of the structure and identity criteria of scientific theories continues to be a central issue for the philosophical analysis of empirical science. We need a precise metatheory of empirical theories to deal with this issue. Metatheoretical structuralism appears to offer the most adequate approach in this sense so far. First, some basic intuitions about what empirical theories are, and how they are structured, are laid out. (...)
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  37. Review of S. Nuccetelli Et Al. Blackwell Companion to Latin American Philosophy. [REVIEW]C. Ulises Moulines - 2010 - Metascience (19):457-460.
    This volume contains the most extensive exposition of Latin American philosophy to date. I know of no other comparable anthology on the subject in any language. The width of its scope is quite impressive. At least for this reason, and whatever its shortcomings might be (to some of them I’ll come to speak below), it is a welcome collective work.
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  38. Deontic Logic and Legal Philosophy.Pablo Navarro - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  39. Mestizaje and Hispanic Identity.Gregory Velazco Y. Trianosky - 2010 - In Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.), A Companion to Latin American Philosophy. Wiley-Blackwell.
  40. On the Value of Philosophy: The Latin American Case.Manuel Vargas - 2010 - Comparative Philosophy 1 (1):33-52.
    There is very little study of Latin American Philosophy in the English-speaking philosophical world. This can sometimes lead to the impression that there is nothing of philosophical worth in Latin American philosophy or its history. The present article offers some reasons for thinking that this impression is mistaken, and indeed, that we ought to have more study of Latin American philosophy than currently exists in the English-speaking philosophical world. In particular, the article argues for three things: (1) an account of (...)
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  41. Sosa on Skepticism.Otávio Bueno - 2009 - Metaphilosophy 40 (2):195-202.
    Abstract: Ernest Sosa has recently articulated an insightful response to skepticism and, in particular, to the dream argument. The response relies on two independent moves. First, Sosa offers the imagination model of dreaming according to which no assertions are ever made in dreams and no beliefs are involved there. As a result, it is possible to distinguish dreaming from being awake, and the dream argument is blocked. Second, Sosa develops a virtue epistemology according to which in appropriately normal conditions our (...)
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  42. Functional Beauty: Some Applications, Some Worries 1.Otávio Bueno - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (1):47-54.
  43. Fitch's Paradox and the Philosophy of Mathematics.Otavio Bueno - 2009 - In Joe Salerno (ed.), New Essays on the Knowability Paradox. Oxford University Press.
  44. Advantages and Limits of Naturalism.Mario Bunge - 2009 - In John R. Shook & Paul Kurtz (eds.), The Future of Naturalism. Humanity Books.
  45. Charles Peirce and the Hispanic World.Jaime Nubiola - 2009 - APA Newsletter on Hispanic/Latino Issues in Philosophy 8 (2).
    The aim of this paper is to describe the situation of mutual ignorance between American and Hispanic philosophical traditions, paying special attention to the figure and thought of the founder of pragmatism, Charles S. Peirce (1839-1914). In order to do this, first of all I will justify the usage of the expression "Hispanic Philosophy", highlighting its heuristic and practical value. Secondly, I will discuss some of Peirce's comments in relation with the Hispanic world. And finally, by way of conclusion, I (...)
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  46. Blackwell Companion to Latin American Philosophy.S. Nuccetelli (ed.) - 2009 - Blackwell.
  47. A Companion to Latin American Philosophy.Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte, OtÁ Bueno & Vio (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  48. A Companion to Latin American Philosophy.Susana Nuccetelli, Ofelia Schutte & Otávio Bueno (eds.) - 2009 - Wiley-Blackwell.
  49. Relativism and Scepticism.Otávio Bueno - 2008 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 16 (2):247-254.
  50. Truth and Proof.Otávio Bueno - 2008 - Manuscrito 31 (1):419-440.
    Current versions of nominalism in the philosophy of mathematics face a significant problem to understand mathematical knowledge. They are unable to characterize mathematical knowledge as knowledge of the objects mathematical theories are taken to be about. Oswaldo Chateaubriand’s insightful reformulation of Platonism (Chateaubriand 2005) avoids this problem by advancing a broader conception of knowledge as justified truth beyond a reasonable doubt, and by introducing a suitable characterization of logical form in which the relevant mathematical facts play an important role in (...)
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1 — 50 / 302