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  1. Perception, Reason & Knowledge.Douglas Gene Arner - 1972 - Glenview, Ill., Scott, Foresman.
    The causal theory, by J. Locke.--Phenomenalism, by G. Berkeley.--Skepticism, by D. Hume.--Traditional rationalism, by G. W. Leibniz.--Critical rationalism, by I. Kant.--Empiricism, by C. I. Lewis.--The quest for certainty, by R. Descartes.--Knowing and believing, by H. A. Prichard.--The right to be sure, by A. J. Ayer.
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  2. Leibniz and Toulmin: Rationalism Without Dogmas.Txetxu Ausin - unknown
    The aim of this paper is to connect Leibniz’s and Toulmin’s conceptions about practical and deliberative rationality. When trying to rationally justify contingent judgments Leibniz, like Toulmin, defends a weighing argumentative method. Thus, in Leibniz we can discern the balance between the legitimate demands of formal models of rationality and the lessons of a practice “situated” on a historical, social, and evaluative context.
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  3. Weighing and Gradualism in Leibniz as Instruments for the Analysis of Normative Conflicts.Txetxu Ausin - 2005 - Studia Leibnitiana 37 (1):99 - 111.
    In diesem Aufsatz möchten wir Leibniz' abwägende und gewichtende Methoden als fruchtbare Annäherung an das Kontingente, das durch Debatten, Kontroversen und letztlich normative Konflikte bestimmte Universum der menschlichen Praxis betrachten. Dieser Ansatz ergänzt Leibniz' bekanntes algorithmisches Verfahren und ist der Jurisprudenz verpflichtet – Leibniz wandte ihn selbst auf viele theoretische wie praktische Unternehmen an (Rechtsfragen, Religionsstreitigkeiten, Theodizee, ethische und politische Fragestellungen etc.). Leibniz' Inanspruchnahme einer Balance der Gründe und sein hiermit verbundenes metaphysisches Prinzip der Kontinuität nehmen zudem in mancher Hinsicht (...)
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  4. Rauzy, Jean-Baptiste. La Doctrine Leibnizienne de la Vérité.Allan Bäck - 2003 - Review of Metaphysics 56 (3):672-673.
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  5. Leibniz on the Epistemic Status of the Mysteries.Adrian Bardon - 2001 - Philosophy and Theology 13 (1):143-158.
    In this paper, I examine Leibniz’s account of the epistemic status of the Christian Mysteries in his “Preliminary Dissertation on the Conformity of Faith with Reason.” In it, the Mysteries are held to be true, yet also to be beyond human comprehension. This conjunction gives rise to a dilemma: how can the Mysteries bemeaningfully asserted if they are unintelligible? To answer this, Leibniz compares them to natural truths, which are demonstrable by God alone. To complicate matters, however, he suggests that (...)
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  6. The Theory of Knowledge in the Philosophical System of Leibniz (1930-1931).G. E. Barie - 1998 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 53 (1).
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  7. Judgement in Leibniz’s Conception of the Mind: Predication, Affirmation, and Denial.Christian Barth - forthcoming - Topoi.
    The aim of the paper is to illuminate some core aspects of Leibniz’s conception of judgement and its place in his conception of the mind. In particular, the paper argues for three claims: First, the act of judgement is at the centre of Leibniz’s conception of the mind in that minds strive at actualising innate knowledge concerning derivative truths, where the actualising involves an act of judgement. Second, Leibniz does not hold a judgement account of predication, but a two-component account (...)
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  8. Leibniz on the Limits of Human Knowledge.Philip Beeley - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:83-91.
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  9. Leibniz on the Limits of Human Knowledge: With a Critical Edition of Sur la Calculabilité du Nombre de Toutes les Connaissances Possibles.Philip Beeley - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:83-91.
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  10. Leibniz on the Limits of Human Knowledge.Philip Beeley - 2003 - The Leibniz Review 13:83-91.
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  11. Le probleme de l'erreur chez Leibniz.Yvon Belaval - 1966 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 20 (3/4):381 - 395.
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  12. Reason and Experience in Spinoza and Leibniz.Franco Biasutti - 1990 - Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 6:45-72.
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  13. A Leibnizian Account of Why Belief in the Christian Mysteries is Justified.Eric Cave - 1995 - Religious Studies 31 (4):463.
    The Christian mysteries, which consist of such doctrines as the Incarnation and the Trinity, pose a problem for anyone who seeks to reconcile the tenets of Christianity with reason. As Leibniz puts it, the mysteries are incomprehensible, improbable, and against appearances. Why should a reasonable individual believe in such mysteries? By answering this question, one responds to the objection that Christianity requires individuals to embrace patent nonsense. Leibniz maintains that the mysteries, although incomprehensible, can be explained sufficiently to justify belief (...)
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  14. Göttliche Gedanken. Zur Metaphysik der Erkenntnis bei Descartes, Malebranche, Spinoza und Leibniz.J. Thomas Cook - 2011 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (4):495-496.
    In Göttliche Gedanken (Godly Thoughts), Andreas Schmidt provides an in-depth discussion of the metaphysics of knowledge and of mind in four early-modern rationalists: Descartes, Malebranche, Spinoza, and Leibniz. His topic overlaps with what is called “philosophy of mind” in contemporary Anglo-American circles, for he is quite interested in the relation between mind and body in these four historical thinkers. But as Schmidt effectively reminds us, the “mind-body problem” looks entirely different when embedded in the conceptual setting of the seventeenth century. (...)
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  15. Leibniz and the Art Machine the Ship of Theseus and the Epistemic Identity of Leibniz's Aggregates.Andrea Costa - 2012 - Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 41 (4).
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  16. Der Ursprung der Leibnizschen Wahrheitstheorie.Edwin Curley - 1988 - Studia Leibnitiana 20 (2):160-174.
    This article explores the grounds which Leibniz might have offered for his theory that all truths are analytic, by considering the reasons his predecessors seem to have had for advancing similar formulas. I take Descartes and Spinoza to be the predecessors who came closest to Leibniz's theory. In spite of Leibniz's own indications to the contrary, his theory seems to be fundamentally opposed to Aristotelian theories of truth. I suggest that Descartes, Spinoza and Leibniz were inclined toward this kind of (...)
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  17. The Practice of Reason: Leibniz and His Controversies.Marcelo Dascal (ed.) - 2010 - John Benjamins.
    CHAPTER The principle of continuity and the 'paradox' of Leibnizian mathematics* Michel Serfati. Introduction On the basis of the epistemological analysis ...
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  18. Perception and Apperception in Mulla Sadra and Leibniz.Dr R. Davari - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 19.
    The comparative study of Islamic philosophical views to those of contemporary philosophers calls for careful consideration of their opinions.This is because the similarities are apparent but the purport of what they say is quite different. Yet, the apparent similarities should not be thoroughly ignored and one can perhaps say that Leibniz's theory of perception and apperception is epistemologically close to the Sadrean theory of conceptual and judgmental knowledge. At least one can say that although Leibniz belongs to the tradition of (...)
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  19. Leibniz on Estimating the Uncertain: An English Translation of De Incerti Aestimatione with Commentary.Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo & James Cussens - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:31-41.
    Leibniz’s De incerti aestimatione, which contains his solution to the division problem, has not received much attention, let alone much appreciation. This is surprising because it is in this work that the definition of probability in terms of equally possible cases appears for the first time. The division problem is used to establish and test probability theory; it can be stated as follows: if two players agree to play a game in which one has to win a certain number of (...)
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  20. Leibniz on Estimating the Uncertain: An English Translation of De Incerti Aestimatione with Commentary.Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo & James Cussens - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:31-41.
    Leibniz’s De incerti aestimatione, which contains his solution to the division problem, has not received much attention, let alone much appreciation. This is surprising because it is in this work that the definition of probability in terms of equally possible cases appears for the first time. The division problem is used to establish and test probability theory; it can be stated as follows: if two players agree to play a game in which one has to win a certain number of (...)
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  21. Antizipation in Kunst und Wissenschaft. Ein interdisziplinäres Erkenntnisproblem und seine Begründung bei Leibniz.Friedrich Gaede & Constanze Peres - 2000 - Studia Leibnitiana 32 (2):244-247.
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  22. The Development of Probability Logic From Leibniz to Maccoll.Theodore Hailperin - 1988 - History and Philosophy of Logic 9 (2):131-191.
    The introduction has a brief statement, sufficient for the purpose of this paper, which describes in general terms the notion of probability logic on which the paper is based. Contributions made in the eighteenth century by Leibniz, Jacob Bernoulli and Lambert, and in the nineteenth century by Bolzano, De Morgan, Boole, Peirce and MacColl are critically examined from a contemporary point of view. Historicity is maintained by liberal quotations from the original sources accompanied by interpretive explanation. Concluding the paper is (...)
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  23. Epistemic Virtues and Leibnizian Dreams: On the Shifting Boundaries Between Science, Humanities and Faith.Oren Harman & Peter L. Galison - 2008 - The European Legacy 13 (5):551-575.
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  24. Dual Aspects of Ideas, Truth and Knowledge in the Philosophy of Leibniz.Donald Brett Hart - 1981 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    On the surface the notions of ideas, truth, and knowledge seem to be purely epistemological notions. In this study I propose that we understand Leibniz' treatments of ideas, truth, and knowledge as ontological notions as well as epistemological notions. ;Under this proposed reading as idea in its ontological aspect is a possibility and is a real in the Leibnizian Metaphysics. Leibniz treats the epistemological aspect of an idea as a special kind of disposition which synthesizes the truths to be found (...)
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  25. Locke's Lehre von der Menschlichen Erkenntniss in Vergleichung Mit Leibniz's Kritik Derselben.G. Hartenstein - 1861 - S. Hirzel.
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  26. The Contribution of G. W. Leibniz's ‘Cognitio Symbolica’ Theory to Current Debates on Knowledge and Communication Management.Diana Ingenhoff - 2006 - Semiotica 2006 (158):439-456.
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  27. Metody uniwersalnej syntezy i analzy jako problem badawczy w De Synthesis et analisi universali seu arte inveniendi et judicandi Leibniza.Dominika Jacyk - 2001 - Idea 13 (13).
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  28. Leibniz, Erkenntnistheoretischer Realist. Grundlinien Seiner Erkenntnislehre.Bernhard Jansen - 1920 - L. Simion Nf.
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  29. Leibniz and Malebranche on Innate Ideas.Nicholas Jolley - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (1):71-91.
    This paper seeks to reconstruct an important controversy between leibniz and malebranche over innate ideas. It is argued that this controversy is in some ways more illuminating than the better-Known debate between leibniz and locke, For malebranche's objections to innate ideas raise fundamental questions concerning the status of dispositions and the relationship between logic and psychology. The paper shows that in order to meet malebranche's objections, Leibniz adopts a strategy which is doubly reductionist: ideas are reduced to dispositions to think (...)
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  30. Leibniz' Position der Rationalität. Die Logik Im Metaphysischen Wissen der „Natürlichen Vernunft“.Klaus Erich Kaehler - 1989 - Studia Leibnitiana 21 (2):209-211.
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  31. Erkenntnis Als Formung Bei Leibniz Und Kant.Katharina Kanthack - 1953 - Kant-Studien 45 (1-4):96-112.
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  32. The Primitiveness of Leibnizian Alethic Modalities.Amy Karofsky - 1999 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 16 (3):297 - 320.
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  33. Notwendige und zufällige Wahrheiten. Die Summierung unendlicher Reihen im Lichte der Leibnizschen Begriffslogik.Hans Georg Knapp - 1978 - Studia Leibnitiana 10 (1):60 - 86.
    I want to show that Leibnizian mode to thinking is based in a kind of logic of concepts. As an example, his first attempt to sum infinite series is analyzed. The question concerning the justification of the Leibnizian syllogism leads to the analysis of the fundamental definition. A conclusion obtained by “real-definitions” (“Realdefinitionen”) is logically justified. It is classified as a "Vernunftwahrheit". A conclusion obtained by paradoxical definitions (paradoxe Definitionen) is classified as a “Tatsachenwahrheit”. According to Leibniz it has validity (...)
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  34. The Epistemological Functions of Symbolization in Leibniz's Universal Characteristic.Christian Leduc - 2014 - Foundations of Science 19 (1):53-68.
    Leibniz’s universal characteristic is a fundamental aspect of his theory of cognition. Without symbols or characters it would be difficult for the human mind to define several concepts and to achieve many demonstrations. In most disciplines, and particularly in mathematics, the mind must then focus on symbols and their combinatorial rules rather than on mental contents. For Leibniz, mental perception is most of the time too confused for attaining distinct notions and valid deductions. In this paper, I argue that the (...)
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  35. Leibniz and Sensible Qualities.Christian Leduc - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (5):797-819.
    This paper discusses the problem of sensible qualities, an important, but underestimated topic in Leibniz's epistemology. In the first section, the confused character of sensible ideas is considered. Produced by the sensation alone, ideas of sensible qualities cannot be part of distinct descriptions of bodies. This is why Leibniz proposes to resolve sensible qualities by means of primary or mechanical qualities, a thesis which is analysed in the second section. Here, I discuss his conception of nominal definitions as distinct empirical (...)
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  36. A (Leibnizian) Theory of Concepts.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 2000 - Logical Analysis and History of Philosophy 3:137.
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  37. New Essays on Human Understanding.Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz - 1981 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the New Essays on Human Understanding, Leibniz argues chapter by chapter with John Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, challenging his views about knowledge, personal identity, God, morality, mind and matter, nature versus nurture, logic and language, and a host of other topics. The work is a series of sharp, deep discussions by one great philosopher of the work of another. Leibniz's references to his contemporaries and his discussions of the ideas and institutions of the age make this a fascinating (...)
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  38. Leibniz’s Key Philosophical Writings: A Guide.Paul Lodge & Lloyd Strickland - forthcoming - Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
  39. Leibniz's Judgements of Fact.Leroy E. Loemker - 1946 - Journal of the History of Ideas 7 (1/4):397.
  40. Leibniz's Judgements of Fact.Leroy E. Loemker & The Editors - 1946 - Journal of the History of Ideas 7 (4):397.
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  41. Martine de Gaudemar and Philippe Hamou (Eds.), Locke Et Leibniz. Deux Styles de Rationalité.Mogens Lærke - 2012 - The Leibniz Review 22:153-155.
  42. Leibniz's Notion of Conditional Right and the Dynamics of Public Announcement.Sébastien Magnier & Shahid Rahman - unknown
    The main aim of our paper is to implement Leibniz's analysis of the conditional right in the framework of a dialogical approach to Public Announcement Logic. According to our view, on one hand: PAL furnishes a dynamic epistemic operator which models communication exchange between different agents that seems to be very close to Leibniz understanding of the dynamics between the truth of a proposition and the knowledge of the truth of that proposition (Leibniz calls the latter certification of its truth); (...)
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  43. Leibniz's Account of Error.Keya Maitra - 2002 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 10 (1):63 – 73.
    In the Discourse on Metaphysics Leibniz writes, 'Our perceptions are always true, it is our judgments that come from ourselves that deceive us' (section 14). Leroy Loemker in his 'Leibniz's Doctrine of Ideas' criticizes this account of error. His main worry can be presented in the form of the following syllogistic argument, which he derives from Leibniz's doctrine of ideas: (a) There cannot be a false perception; (b) All judgments are perceptions; and therefore (c) There cannot be a false judgment. (...)
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  44. Leibniz’s Theory of Propositional Terms.Marko Malink - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:139-155.
  45. The Role of Metaphor in Leibniz's Epistemology.Cristina Marras - 2008 - In Marcelo Dascal (ed.), Leibniz: What Kind of Rationalist? Springer. pp. 199--212.
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  46. Clear and Distinct Ideas in Eighteenth Century Germany: Metaphysics, Logic, Aesthetics.Colin McQuillan - 2017 - In Manuel Sánchez-Rodríguez & Miguel Escribano (eds.), Leibniz en Dialogo. Seville: Themata.
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  47. Leibniz on Estimating the Uncertain.Wolfgang David Cirilo de Melo & James Cussens - 2004 - The Leibniz Review 14:31-41.
    Leibniz’s De incerti aestimatione, which contains his solution to the division problem, has not received much attention, let alone much appreciation. This is surprising because it is in this work that the definition of probability in terms of equally possible cases appears for the first time. The division problem is used to establish and test probability theory; it can be stated as follows: if two players agree to play a game in which one has to win a certain number of (...)
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  48. Knowledge and Suffering in Early Modern Philosophy: G.W. Leibniz and Anne Conway.Christia Mercer - 2012 - In Sabrina Ebbersmeyer (ed.), Emotional Minds. De Gruyter. pp. 179.
  49. The Platonism at the Core of Leibniz's Metaphysics: God and Knowledge.Christia Mercer - 2008 - In S. Hutton (ed.), Platonism and the Origins of Modernity: The Platonic Tradition and the Rise of Modern Philosophy. Ashgate Press.
  50. Leibniz on Knowledge and God.Christia Mercer - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):531-550.
    Scholars have long noted that, for Leibniz, the attributes or Ideas of God are the ultimate objects of human knowledge. In this paper, I go beyond these discussions to analyze Leibniz’s views about the nature and limitations of such knowledge. As with so many other aspects of his thought, Leibniz’s position on this issue—what I will call his divine epistemology—is both radical and conservative. It is also not what we might expect, given other tenets of his system. For Leibniz, “God (...)
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