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  1. added 2020-02-25
    Common Notions and Instincts as Sources of Moral Knowledge in Leibniz’s New Essays on Human Understanding.Markku Roinila - 2020 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 8 (1):141-170.
    In his defense of innateness in New Essays on Human Understanding (1704), Leibniz attributes innateness to concepts and principles which do not originate from the senses rather than to the ideas that we are born with. He argues that the innate concepts and principles can be known in two ways: through reason or natural light (necessary truths), and through instincts (other innate truths and principles). In this paper I will show how theoretical and moral reasoning differ from each other in (...)
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  2. added 2019-06-06
    Leroy E. Loemker, "Struggle for Synthesis. The Seventeenth Century Background of Leibniz's Synthesis of Order and Freedom". [REVIEW]Craig Walton - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (1):107.
  3. added 2019-03-07
    Leibniz’s Kehre: From Ultradeterminism to the Philosophy of Freedom.Jürgen Lawrenz - 2018 - The European Legacy 23 (5):479-489.
    This article examines the rift in Leibniz’s conception of determinism after being rebuffed by the Parisian theologian Antoine Arnauld in their correspondence of 1686. As, in addition, his study of surds infracted his confidence in the “complete concept,” Leibniz embarked on a new, dynamic doctrine of substance or “law of the series.” In the literature, this strategy has been widely understood as “tweaking” the system to allow some self-assertion of free will. But as this article will show, it amounts to (...)
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  4. added 2019-03-07
    Una aproximación a la teoría leibniziana de la acción intencional desde su noción de máquina natural y su monadología.Roberto Casales García - 2017 - Dianoia 62 (78):99-117.
    Resumen: El presente trabajo pretende analizar algunos de los postulados principales de la ontología vitalista de Leibniz, en especial su noción de máquina natural y su propuesta monadológica, con la finalidad de demostrar la viabilidad en su pensamiento de una teoría de la acción. Se divide en tres partes: la primera examina la estructura compleja de las máquinas naturales, a partir de la cual se puede observar una composición dual de la acción; a partir de esto, la segunda parte distingue (...)
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  5. added 2019-03-07
    Spontaneity in Philosophical System of Kant and Leibniz.Amrolah Moein - 2016 - Metaphysik 8 (22):1-18.
    spontaneity is a key concept of freedom in Kant and Leibniz philosophy. Leibniz defends spontaneity as a necessary condition for freedom, and defines it generally in terms of the absence of constraint. According to Leibniz, every substance is sole cause of all of its own states thus every change that occurs in it occurs spontaneously. Two type of spontaneity in Leibniz is determined by his commentators monadic spontaneity and agent spontaneity. Kant, from the Leibnizian tradition took the idea that spontaneity (...)
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  6. added 2018-07-24
    Possible Worlds and the Nature of Choice in Leibniz.Henrik Lagerlund & Peter Myrdal - 2006 - Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):156 - 176.
    La notion de mondes possibles chez Leibniz est souvent considérée comme un précurseur des théories contemporaines de la sémantique des mondes possibles. Or, cet article vise à montrer que cette lecture de Leibniz est fondamentalement erronée. Leibniz n'a jamais utilisé la notion de mondes possibles pour établir des conditions de vérité pour des phrases modales, mais le rôle de cette notion est strictement théologique, dans le sens où Leibniz l'emploie uniquement pour rendre compte du choix de Dieu dans la création. (...)
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  7. added 2018-07-23
    Power, Harmony, and Freedom: Debating Causation in 18th Century Germany.Corey Dyck - forthcoming - In Frederick Beiser & Brandon Look (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Eighteenth Century German Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    As far as treatments of causation are concerned, the pre-Kantian 18th century German context has long been dismissed as a period of uniform and unrepentant Leibnizian dogmatism. While there is no question that discussions of issues relating to causation in this period inevitably took Leibniz as their point of departure, it is certainly not the case that the resulting positions were in most cases dogmatically, or in some cases even recognizably, Leibnizian. Instead, German theorists explored a range of positions regarding (...)
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  8. added 2018-07-23
    Not So Innocent - An Akratic Reading of Leibnizian “Judgment”.Oda Storbråten Davanger - 2013 - Stance 6:79-86.
    Leibniz seeks to establish the tenability of faith and reason in his moral philosophy through a tripod of thought, consisting of 1) fundamental human goodness; 2) human error in judgment; and 3) that God is just. A difficulty arises concerning how God can justly punish human beings if they always will what is Good. By considering akrasia, which occurs when error is committed despite its clear nonconformity with the Good, and examining the Leibnizian concept of “judgment,” Leibniz’s tripod can be (...)
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  9. added 2018-07-23
    Leibnizin rationaalisen päätöksenteon mallit.Markku Roinila - 2009 - Ajatus 66:39-60.
    Artikkelissaan ”The Balance of Reason” Marcelo Dascal on osoittanut, että metafora syiden punnitsemisesta järjen vaa’assa on yleinen Leibnizin kirjoituksissa ja sitä on pidettävä hänen yleisenä järkeilyn metodinaan tilanteissa, joissa ei voida suorittaa täydellistä loogista analyysiä. Keskustelen tässä esitelmässä tuosta metaforasta ja ehdotan Jaakko Hintikan ja Simo Knuuttilan aiempien esityksien pohjalle rakentaen, että käsityksissään ihmisen praktisesta rationaalisuudesta Leibniz sovelsi myös toista melko tuntemattomaksi jäänyttä heuristista päätöksentekomallia, joka liittyy hänen työhönsä luonnonfilosofiassa ja mielenfilosofiassa, ja jota hän sovelsi tapauksissa joissa päätökseen vaikuttavat arvot (...)
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  10. added 2018-07-23
    Syiden kisat Leibnizin mielenfilosofiassa.Markku Roinila - 2007 - In Heta Gylling, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Risto Vilkko (eds.), Syy. Gaudeamus.
    G. W. Leibnizin mielenfilosofiassa ymmärrykselle on jatkuvasti läsnä erilaisia taipumuksia erilaisiin päämääriin. Nämä taipumukset tai syyt toimia jollakin tavoin saattavat perustua selviin ja tarkkoihin havaintoihin ja olla tiedostettuja ennakkotahtomuksia. Näiden lisäksi mielessämme on epälukuinen määrä epäselviin havaintoihin perustuvia tiedostamattomia ja hetkittäisiä passioita, oikkuja tai hurahduksia. Kun henkilö ryhtyy harkitsemaan toimintaansa, nämä erilaiset taipumukset ja ennakkotahtomukset alkavat ottaa mittaa toisistaan. Prosessin tuloksena on lopullinen tahtomus tai riittävä syy. Kun ymmärrys on muodostanut suosituksen, tahto seuraa Leibnizin mukaan sitä ja toteuttaa ao. toiminnan. (...)
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  11. added 2018-07-23
    Leibniz on Freedom of the Will: A Vindication.Robert A. Imlay - 2002 - Studia Leibnitiana 34 (1):81 - 90.
    J'entreprends de défendre la conception leibnizienne de la liberté de la volonté selon laquelle on peut être libre sans que l'on n'ait le pouvoir causal de choisir autrement que l'on ne fait. La liberté d'indifférence en revanche est irrecevable et sort d'une analyse erronée de ce que c'est un pouvoir de décider hic et nunc. Un tel pouvoir est indiscernable d'avec la décision même. Par conséquent un recours à la liberté d'indifférence préconisé entre autres par Duns Scotus est à la (...)
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  12. added 2018-07-23
    Worldlessness, Determinism and Free Will.Ari Maunu - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Turku (Finland)
    I have three main objectives in this essay. First, in chapter 2, I shall put forward and justify what I call worldlessness, by which I mean the following: All truths (as well as falsehoods) are wholly independent of any circumstances, not only time and place but also possible worlds. It follows from this view that whatever is actually true must be taken as true with respect to every possible world, which means that all truths are (in a sense) necessary. However, (...)
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  13. added 2018-07-23
    Leibnizian Freedom and Superessentialism.Don Lodzinski - 1994 - Studia Leibnitiana 26 (2):163-186.
    In seiner traditionellen Auffassung besagt der Superessentialismus, daß alle Eigenschaften einer Person dieser Person wesentlich sind, und daß jedes Individuum genau einer möglichen Welt zugeordnet ist. Dies impliziert, daß eine Person alle Eigenschaften haben muß, die ihr vollständiger Begriff angibt, andernfalls kann diese Person nicht existieren. Diese Lehre ist eine offensichtliche Bedrohung für den Leibnizschen Freiheitsbegriff, der erfordert, daß Handlungen sowohl kontingent als auch ein Produkt von Einsicht sein müssen. Ich behandle zwei Interpretationen der Kontingenz und behaupte, daß nur eine (...)
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  14. added 2018-07-23
    Spontaneität, Freiheit und unbedingte Kausalität bei Leibniz, Crusius und Kant.Reinhard Finster - 1982 - Studia Leibnitiana 14:266.
    In the Nova dilucidano Kant defines freedom as libertas spontaneitatis. Free acting is always determined acting. It differs from necessary acting by the fact that the determinating reasons are inherent in the acting subject. These reasons must not only be spontaneous but also rational ones. By this, Kant agrees in the main with the Leibnizian and Wolf fian conception of freedom. At the same time Kant refuses expressly the conception of freedom of Crusius. According to Crusius, free acting can not (...)
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  15. added 2018-05-21
    Reply to Donald Rutherford.Julia Jorati - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:199-208.
    This is a response to Donald Rutherford's review of Jorati, Leibniz on Causation and Agency. The review is published in Leibniz Review 27 (2017), 183-197.
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  16. added 2018-05-21
    Leibniz on Causation and Agency. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:183-197.
  17. added 2018-02-18
    Intellect, Will, and Freedom in Leibniz.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - The Leibniz Review 4:11-12.
    In this paper I claim that there are three primary dimensions to the issue of freedom in Leibniz’s work. The first, and most widely discussed, is the logical dimension. When discussing this dimension, Leibniz is concerned primarily about the relationship between freedom and modality: what does it mean for choice to be contingent? The second dimension is the theological one. When discussing this dimension, Leibniz is interested in considering such issues as the relationships between divine knowledge or providence and human (...)
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  18. added 2018-02-17
    Possibility, Agency, and Individuality in Leibniz’s Metaphysics.Stefano Di Bella - 2008 - The Leibniz Review 18:139-149.
  19. added 2018-02-17
    Leibniz: Creation and Conservation and Concurrence.Jeffrey K. McDonough - 2007 - The Leibniz Review 17:31-60.
    In this paper I argue that the hoary theological doctrine of divine concurrence poses no deep threat to Leibniz’s views on theodicy and creaturely activity even as those views have been traditionally understood. The first three sections examine respectively Leibniz’s views on creation, conservation and concurrence, with an eye towards showing their sys­tematic compatibility with Leibniz’s theodicy and metaphysics. The fourth section takes up remaining worries arising from the bridging principle that conservation is a continued or continuous creation, and argues (...)
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  20. added 2018-01-08
    Possibility, Agency, and Individuality in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Christian Leduc - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (4):865-868.
  21. added 2018-01-08
    Moral Necessity in Leibniz's Account of Human Freedom.R. C. Sleigh - 2009 - In Samuel Newlands & Larry M. Jorgensen (eds.), Metaphysics and the Good: Themes From the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford University Press.
    In numerous texts Leibniz claimed that while metaphysical necessity is inconsistent with free choice, moral necessity is not. A question naturally arises concerning what Leibniz took moral necessity to be. In a series of recent articles Michael Murray has argued that the concept of moral necessity Leibniz utilized is one developed and deployed by a group of 17th century Spanish Jesuits. This chapter argues that Leibniz's commitment to certain deep metaphysical principles suggests otherwise.
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  22. added 2018-01-08
    Real Alternatives, Leibniz’s Metaphysics of Choice. [REVIEW]Ohad Nachtomy - 2002 - The Leibniz Review 12:89-97.
    Acouple of years ago I gave a talk on Leibniz’s approach to human freedom. I tried to apply some current philosophical distinctions in order to resolve the tension between Leibniz’s doctrine of complete concept, which entails every truth about an individual, and Leibniz’s insistence that such an individual—whose identity and individuality are defined by its complete concept—acts freely.
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  23. added 2018-01-08
    Contingency and Freedom in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Eric Otto Sotnak - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of Rochester
    My dissertation is a study of Leibniz' theory of individual substances and several concomitant problems. These are the problems of substantial identity , contingency with respect to the existence and properties of individual substances, and how those individual substances which are also persons can be said to be free. ;In the first chapter, I begin with an overview of Leibniz' life, and of the historical and philosophical climate within which Leibniz thought and wrote. I then set the stage for subsequent (...)
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  24. added 2017-12-30
    Leibnizin vastaväitteitä molinistiselle voluntarismille (in Finnish) [Leibniz's Objections to Molinist Voluntarism].Ari Maunu - 2015 - Ajatus 72:53-69.
    The purpose of this paper is to explain and discuss Leibniz’s main objections to the Molinist-Suárezian voluntarist (libertarian) conception of freedom, i.e., the conception involving the supposition of “freedom of indifference” of the will to make contrary choices in exactly the same circumstances. Leibniz’s main objections to the voluntarist conception are the following: (i) it violates the Principle of Sufficient Reason; (ii) it is based on a mistaken picture of the nature of the will.
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  25. added 2017-12-30
    Uneasiness and Passions in Leibniz's Nouveaux Essais II, Xx.Markku Roinila - 2011 - In Breger Herbert, Herbst Jürgen & Erdner Sven (eds.), Natur und Subjekt. IX. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress Vorträge 3. Teil. Leibniz Geschellschaft.
    Chapter 20 of book II of John Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, titled ‘Of Modes of Pleasure and Pain’ is the most extensive discussion of emotions available in Locke’s corpus. Likewise, Nouveaux essais sur l’entedement humain, II, xx, together with the following chapter xxi remains the chief source of Leibniz’s views of emotions. They offer a very interesting and captivating discussion of moral philosophy and good life. The chapter provides also a great platform to study Leibniz’s argumentative techniques and (...)
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  26. added 2017-12-30
    Freiheit Und Prädetermination Unter Dem Auspiz der Prästabilierten Harmonie: Leibniz Und Fichte in der Perspektive.Katja Vera Taver (ed.) - 2006 - Rodopi.
    Dieses Werk stellt das Denken zweier Geistesgrößen, Leibnizens und Fichtes sich gegenüber und vergleicht es. Fichte sieht in Leibniz einen Vorläufer und erwähnt ihn mit liebevoller Bewunderung. Fichtes Wissenschaftslehre von 1801/02 wird Leibnizens „Monadologie“ aufgreifen und Leibnizens Gedanken einer prästabilierten Harmonie. Beide Philosophen verstehen sich als Freiheitsapostel, wobei bei Leibniz Gott eine genaue Notion jedes Individuums hat, die Freiheit ein mentaler Akt ist, bei Fichte jedes Individuum ein je bestimmtes Soll hat, das es, Freiheit verwirklichend, im Leben zu erfüllen gilt. (...)
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  27. added 2017-12-30
    Über Freiheiten ohne vernünftigen Widerspruch Platons, Augustinus’ und Leibnizens ethischer Intellektualismus.Tobias Blanke - 2006 - In Das Böse in der Politischen Theorie: Die Furcht Vor der Freiheit Bei Kant, Hegel Und Vielen Anderen. Transcript Verlag. pp. 45-66.
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  28. added 2017-12-30
    G. W. Leibniz's Theory of Rational Decision-Making and the Reunion of the Churches.Markku Roinila - 2001 - In Hans Poser, Christoph Asmuth, Ursula Goldenbaum & Wenchao Li (eds.), Nihil sine ratione. Mensch, Natur un Technik im Wirken von G. W. Leibniz. G. W. Leibniz Geschellschaft. pp. 1069-1076.
    I attempt to appy Leibniz's vectorial model of rational decision-making to a memoir on church reunion.
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  29. added 2017-12-30
    John Locke ja G. W. Leibniz heikkotahtoisuudesta.Markku Roinila - 1998 - Ajatus 55:37-56.
    This paper discusses the topic of weakenss of the will or akrasia in Leibniz, especially in the context of Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement humain. I argue that Leibniz can be seen as supporting both the weak and the strong forms of akrasia in book II of the work.
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  30. added 2017-12-30
    Real Alternatives, Leibniz’s Metaphysics of Choice.Reginald Osburn Savage - 1998 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  31. added 2017-12-30
    Die Freiheitstheorie von Leibniz.Sun-koo Yun - 1997
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  32. added 2017-12-30
    Gott, Freiheit, Weltenwahl der Ursprung des Begriffes der Besten Aller Möglichen Welten in der Metaphysik der Willensfreiheit Zwischen Antonio Perez S.J. Und G.W. Leibnitz. [REVIEW]Tilman Ramelow - 1997
  33. added 2017-12-30
    Untying the Knot: Leibniz on God's Knowledge of Future Free Contingents.Jack D. Davidson - 1996 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 13 (1):89 - 116.
  34. added 2017-12-30
    Leibniz and the Compatibilist Account of Free Will.Clive Borst - 1992 - Studia Leibnitiana 24 (1):49-58.
    Der Aufsatz zielt auf eine nähere Präzisierung der üblicherweise gegebenen Bestimmung, Leibniz sei „Kompatibilist“ gewesen. Willensfreiheit ist für Leibniz mit Gottes Vorherwissen und Vorherbestimmung sowie mit dem Prinzip des zureichenden Grundes kompatibel, keineswegs jedoch mit Indifferenz. Urn die Vereinbarkeit der Willensfreiheit mit vollständigen individuellen Begriffen zu zeigen, scheint der Rekurs auf Gegenstücke in anderen möglichen Welten unerläßlich. Es wird argumentiert, daß Willensfreiheit für Leibniz nicht mit der prinzipiellen Vorhersagbarkeit von Willensentscheidungen durch einen menschlichen Beobachter oder durch einen Laplaceschen Dämon kompatibel (...)
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  35. added 2017-12-30
    Leibniz and the Compatibilist of Free Will.Clive Borst - 1992 - Studia Leibnitiana 24 (1):49.
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  36. added 2017-12-30
    Contrainte, Nécessité, Choix la Métaphysique de la Liberté Chez Spinoza Et Chez Leibniz.Elhanan Yakira - 1989
  37. added 2017-12-30
    Fatum et Libertas. Untersuchungen zu Leibniz' ,Theodizee‛ und verwandten Schriften sowie Ciceros ,De fato‛.Bärbel Platz - 1974 - Studia Leibnitiana 6 (1):147-150.
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  38. added 2017-12-07
    Striving Possibles and Leibniz’s Cognitivist Theory of Volition.Andreas Blank - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):29-52.
    Leibniz’s claim that possibles strive towards existence has led to diverging interpretations. According to the metaphorical interpretation, only the divine will is causally efficacious in bringing possibles into exisence. According to the literal interpretation, God endows possibles with causal powers of their own. The present article suggests a solution to this interpretative impass by suggesting that the doctrine of the striving possibles can be understood as a consequence of Leibniz’s early cognitivist theory of volition. According to this theory, thinking the (...)
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  39. added 2017-12-07
    Leibniz: Ação Racional e Fraqueza da Vontade.André Chagas Ferreira de Souza - 2011 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 18:7-21.
    This article is an attempt to investigate a classic problem associated with the human action that can be extracted from the Leibnizian texts about the weakness of will, an issue emblematically briefed by Ovide: “I see clearly which [way] is better, and I know it is right, yet I follow the way that is worse”. The author of the Theodicy seems to suggest a way to understand the phenomenon of akrasia. A good source for this research is his work New (...)
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  40. added 2017-12-07
    Ohard Nachtomy: Possibility, Agency, and Individuality in Leibniz’s Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Tobias Fox - 2008 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 61 (2).
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  41. added 2017-12-07
    Possibility, Agency and Individuality in Leibniz's Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Mogens Lærke - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (2):395-397.
  42. added 2017-12-07
    Divine Omniscience and Human Evil: Interpreting Leibniz Without Middle Knowledge.Jill Graper Hernandez - 2005 - Philosophy and Theology 17 (1/2):107-120.
    The ‘middle knowledge’ doctrine salvages free will and divine omniscience by contending that God knows what agents will freely choose under any possible circumstances. I argue, however, that the Leibnizian problem of divine knowledge of human evil is best resolved by applying a Theodicy II distinction between determined, foreseen, and resolved action. This move eliminates deference to middle knowledge. Contingent action is indeed free, but not all action is contingent, and so not all action is free. For Leibniz, then, God’s (...)
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  43. added 2017-12-07
    The Range of Leibnizian Compatibilism.Eric Sotnak - 1999 - In Gennaro Rocco & Huenemann Charles (eds.), New Essays on the Rationalists. Oxford University Press. pp. 200--23.
  44. added 2017-12-07
    Leibniz on Freedom and Determinism in Relation to Aquinas and Molina.Didier Njirayamanda Kaphagawani - 1999
  45. added 2017-12-07
    Free Choice.Donald L. M. Baxter - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (1):12-24.
    There are two inspirations for the theory presented. One is the Kantian idea that a free choice affects a deterministic sequence of events globally rather than just locally. The second is the Leibnizian idea that God chooses for actuality the possible world he deems best. But instead of God choosing, suppose free agents collectively do. Let actuality be an office which deterministic possible worlds are voted in and not of. In this way free choice can change things even if every (...)
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  46. added 2017-12-07
    Trans-World Identity of Future Contingents: Sartre on Leibnizian Freedom.Terry Winant - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):543-564.
  47. added 2017-12-06
    Liberté Et Raison, la Liberté Cartésienne Et Sa Réfraction Chez Spinoza Et Chez Leibniz.Jean-Marc Gabaude - 1970 - Association des Publications de la Faculté des Lettres Et Sciences Humaines.
  48. added 2017-11-25
    A Fresh Defense of Leibniz' Concept of Human Freedom.Thomas E. Baril - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):125-135.
  49. added 2017-11-24
    Die Ontologischen Grundlagen der Freiheitstheorie von Leibniz.[author unknown] - 1974 - Studia Leibnitiana 6 (1):144-146.
  50. added 2017-11-12
    Leibniz on Spontaneity: A Sketch of Formal and Final Causation.Sukjae Lee - manuscript
    According to a standard picture of Leibniz’s mature views on creaturely causation, Leibniz held what some interpreters have described as his ‘thesis of spontaneity’: “every non-initial, nonmiraculous state of every created substance has as a real cause some preceding state of that very substance.”2 Evidence for this thesis is abundantly available throughout Leibniz’s mature work and here are some prominent instances.
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