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  1. added 2018-07-24
    Possible Worlds and the Nature of Choice in Leibniz.Henrik Lagerlund & Peter Myrdal - 2006 - Studia Leibnitiana 38 (2):156 - 176.
    La notion de mondes possibles chez Leibniz est souvent considérée comme un précurseur des théories contemporaines de la sémantique des mondes possibles. Or, cet article vise à montrer que cette lecture de Leibniz est fondamentalement erronée. Leibniz n'a jamais utilisé la notion de mondes possibles pour établir des conditions de vérité pour des phrases modales, mais le rôle de cette notion est strictement théologique, dans le sens où Leibniz l'emploie uniquement pour rendre compte du choix de Dieu dans la création. (...)
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  2. added 2018-07-23
    Power, Harmony, and Freedom: Debating Causation in 18th Century Germany.Corey Dyck - forthcoming - In Frederick Beiser & Brandon Look (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Eighteenth Century German Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
    As far as treatments of causation are concerned, the pre-Kantian 18th century German context has long been dismissed as a period of uniform and unrepentant Leibnizian dogmatism. While there is no question that discussions of issues relating to causation in this period inevitably took Leibniz as their point of departure, it is certainly not the case that the resulting positions were in most cases dogmatically, or in some cases even recognizably, Leibnizian. Instead, German theorists explored a range of positions regarding (...)
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  3. added 2018-07-23
    Not So Innocent - An Akratic Reading of Leibnizian “Judgment”.Oda Davanger - 2013 - Stance 6:79-86.
    Leibniz seeks to establish the tenability of faith and reason in his moral philosophy through a tripod of thought, consisting of 1) fundamental human goodness; 2) human error in judgment; and 3) that God is just. A difficulty arises concerning how God can justly punish human beings if they always will what is Good. By considering akrasia, which occurs when error is committed despite its clear nonconformity with the Good, and examining the Leibnizian concept of “judgment,” Leibniz’s tripod can be (...)
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  4. added 2018-07-23
    Leibnizin rationaalisen päätöksenteon mallit.Markku Roinila - 2009 - Ajatus 66:39-60.
    Artikkelissaan ”The Balance of Reason” Marcelo Dascal on osoittanut, että metafora syiden punnitsemisesta järjen vaa’assa on yleinen Leibnizin kirjoituksissa ja sitä on pidettävä hänen yleisenä järkeilyn metodinaan tilanteissa, joissa ei voida suorittaa täydellistä loogista analyysiä. Keskustelen tässä esitelmässä tuosta metaforasta ja ehdotan Jaakko Hintikan ja Simo Knuuttilan aiempien esityksien pohjalle rakentaen, että käsityksissään ihmisen praktisesta rationaalisuudesta Leibniz sovelsi myös toista melko tuntemattomaksi jäänyttä heuristista päätöksentekomallia, joka liittyy hänen työhönsä luonnonfilosofiassa ja mielenfilosofiassa, ja jota hän sovelsi tapauksissa joissa päätökseen vaikuttavat arvot (...)
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  5. added 2018-07-23
    Syiden kisat Leibnizin mielenfilosofiassa.Markku Roinila - 2007 - In Heta Gylling, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Risto Vilkko (eds.), Syy. Gaudeamus.
    G. W. Leibnizin mielenfilosofiassa ymmärrykselle on jatkuvasti läsnä erilaisia taipumuksia erilaisiin päämääriin. Nämä taipumukset tai syyt toimia jollakin tavoin saattavat perustua selviin ja tarkkoihin havaintoihin ja olla tiedostettuja ennakkotahtomuksia. Näiden lisäksi mielessämme on epälukuinen määrä epäselviin havaintoihin perustuvia tiedostamattomia ja hetkittäisiä passioita, oikkuja tai hurahduksia. Kun henkilö ryhtyy harkitsemaan toimintaansa, nämä erilaiset taipumukset ja ennakkotahtomukset alkavat ottaa mittaa toisistaan. Prosessin tuloksena on lopullinen tahtomus tai riittävä syy. Kun ymmärrys on muodostanut suosituksen, tahto seuraa Leibnizin mukaan sitä ja toteuttaa ao. toiminnan. (...)
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  6. added 2018-07-23
    Leibniz on Freedom of the Will: A Vindication.Robert A. Imlay - 2002 - Studia Leibnitiana 34 (1):81 - 90.
    J'entreprends de défendre la conception leibnizienne de la liberté de la volonté selon laquelle on peut être libre sans que l'on n'ait le pouvoir causal de choisir autrement que l'on ne fait. La liberté d'indifférence en revanche est irrecevable et sort d'une analyse erronée de ce que c'est un pouvoir de décider hic et nunc. Un tel pouvoir est indiscernable d'avec la décision même. Par conséquent un recours à la liberté d'indifférence préconisé entre autres par Duns Scotus est à la (...)
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  7. added 2018-07-23
    Worldlessness, Determinism and Free Will.Ari Maunu - 1999 - Dissertation, University of Turku (Finland)
    I have three main objectives in this essay. First, in chapter 2, I shall put forward and justify what I call worldlessness, by which I mean the following: All truths (as well as falsehoods) are wholly independent of any circumstances, not only time and place but also possible worlds. It follows from this view that whatever is actually true must be taken as true with respect to every possible world, which means that all truths are (in a sense) necessary. However, (...)
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  8. added 2018-07-23
    Leibnizian Freedom and Superessentialism.Don Lodzinski - 1994 - Studia Leibnitiana 26 (2):163-186.
    In seiner traditionellen Auffassung besagt der Superessentialismus, daß alle Eigenschaften einer Person dieser Person wesentlich sind, und daß jedes Individuum genau einer möglichen Welt zugeordnet ist. Dies impliziert, daß eine Person alle Eigenschaften haben muß, die ihr vollständiger Begriff angibt, andernfalls kann diese Person nicht existieren. Diese Lehre ist eine offensichtliche Bedrohung für den Leibnizschen Freiheitsbegriff, der erfordert, daß Handlungen sowohl kontingent als auch ein Produkt von Einsicht sein müssen. Ich behandle zwei Interpretationen der Kontingenz und behaupte, daß nur eine (...)
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  9. added 2018-07-23
    Spontaneität, Freiheit und unbedingte Kausalität bei Leibniz, Crusius und Kant.Reinhard Finster - 1982 - Studia Leibnitiana 14:266.
    In the Nova dilucidano Kant defines freedom as libertas spontaneitatis. Free acting is always determined acting. It differs from necessary acting by the fact that the determinating reasons are inherent in the acting subject. These reasons must not only be spontaneous but also rational ones. By this, Kant agrees in the main with the Leibnizian and Wolf fian conception of freedom. At the same time Kant refuses expressly the conception of freedom of Crusius. According to Crusius, free acting can not (...)
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  10. added 2018-07-23
    Struggle for Synthesis. The Seventeenth Century Background of Leibniz's Synthesis of Order and Freedom.Craig Walton - 1975 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (1):107-111.
  11. added 2018-05-21
    Leibniz on Causation and Agency, by Julia Jorati. [REVIEW]Donald Rutherford - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:183-197.
  12. added 2018-05-21
    Reply to Donald Rutherford.Julia Jorati - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:199-208.
  13. added 2018-02-18
    Intellect, Will, and Freedom in Leibniz.Michael J. Murray - 1994 - The Leibniz Review 4:11-12.
  14. added 2018-02-17
    Possibility, Agency, and Individuality in Leibniz’s Metaphysics.Stefano di Bella - 2008 - The Leibniz Review 18:139-149.
  15. added 2018-02-17
    Leibniz: Creation and Conservation and Concurrence.Jeffrey K. McDonough - 2007 - The Leibniz Review 17:31-60.
    In this paper I argue that the hoary theological doctrine of divine concurrence poses no deep threat to Leibniz’s views on theodicy and creaturely activity even as those views have been traditionally understood. The first three sections examine respectively Leibniz’s views on creation, conservation and concurrence, with an eye towards showing their sys­tematic compatibility with Leibniz’s theodicy and metaphysics. The fourth section takes up remaining worries arising from the bridging principle that conservation is a continued or continuous creation, and argues (...)
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  16. added 2018-01-08
    Moral Necessity in Leibniz's Account of Human Freedom.R. C. Sleigh Jr - 2009 - In Samuel Newlands & Larry M. Jorgensen (eds.), Metaphysics and the Good: Themes From the Philosophy of Robert Merrihew Adams. Oxford University Press.
  17. added 2018-01-08
    Possibility, Agency, and Individuality in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Christian Leduc - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (4):865-868.
  18. added 2018-01-08
    Possibility, Agency and Individuality in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Mogens Lærke - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (2):395-397.
  19. added 2018-01-08
    Real Alternatives: Leibniz’s Metaphysics of Choice. [REVIEW]Ohad Nachtomy - 2002 - The Leibniz Review 12:89-97.
  20. added 2018-01-08
    Contingency and Freedom in Leibniz's Metaphysics.Eric Otto Sotnak - 1994 - Dissertation, The University of Rochester
    My dissertation is a study of Leibniz' theory of individual substances and several concomitant problems. These are the problems of substantial identity , contingency with respect to the existence and properties of individual substances, and how those individual substances which are also persons can be said to be free. ;In the first chapter, I begin with an overview of Leibniz' life, and of the historical and philosophical climate within which Leibniz thought and wrote. I then set the stage for subsequent (...)
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  21. added 2017-12-30
    Leibnizin vastaväitteitä molinistiselle voluntarismille (in Finnish) [Leibniz's Objections to Molinist Voluntarism].Ari Maunu - 2015 - Ajatus 72:53-69.
    The purpose of this paper is to explain and discuss Leibniz’s main objections to the Molinist-Suárezian voluntarist (libertarian) conception of freedom, i.e., the conception involving the supposition of “freedom of indifference” of the will to make contrary choices in exactly the same circumstances. Leibniz’s main objections to the voluntarist conception are the following: (i) it violates the Principle of Sufficient Reason; (ii) it is based on a mistaken picture of the nature of the will.
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  22. added 2017-12-30
    Uneasiness and Passions in Leibniz's Nouveaux Essais II, Xx.Markku Roinila - 2011 - In Breger Herbert, Herbst Jürgen & Erdner Sven (eds.), Natur und Subjekt. IX. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress Vorträge 3. Teil. Leibniz Geschellschaft.
    Chapter 20 of book II of John Locke’s An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, titled ‘Of Modes of Pleasure and Pain’ is the most extensive discussion of emotions available in Locke’s corpus. Likewise, Nouveaux essais sur l’entedement humain, II, xx, together with the following chapter xxi remains the chief source of Leibniz’s views of emotions. They offer a very interesting and captivating discussion of moral philosophy and good life. The chapter provides also a great platform to study Leibniz’s argumentative techniques and (...)
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  23. added 2017-12-30
    Über Freiheiten ohne vernünftigen Widerspruch Platons, Augustinus’ und Leibnizens ethischer Intellektualismus.Tobias Blanke - 2006 - In Das Böse in der Politischen Theorie: Die Furcht Vor der Freiheit Bei Kant, Hegel Und Vielen Anderen. Transcript Verlag. pp. 45-66.
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  24. added 2017-12-30
    Freiheit Und Prädetermination Unter Dem Auspiz der Prästabilierten Harmonie: Leibniz Und Fichte in der Perspektive.Katja Vera Taver (ed.) - 2006 - Rodopi.
    Dieses Werk stellt das Denken zweier Geistesgrößen, Leibnizens und Fichtes sich gegenüber und vergleicht es. Fichte sieht in Leibniz einen Vorläufer und erwähnt ihn mit liebevoller Bewunderung. Fichtes Wissenschaftslehre von 1801/02 wird Leibnizens „Monadologie“ aufgreifen und Leibnizens Gedanken einer prästabilierten Harmonie. Beide Philosophen verstehen sich als Freiheitsapostel, wobei bei Leibniz Gott eine genaue Notion jedes Individuums hat, die Freiheit ein mentaler Akt ist, bei Fichte jedes Individuum ein je bestimmtes Soll hat, das es, Freiheit verwirklichend, im Leben zu erfüllen gilt. (...)
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  25. added 2017-12-30
    G. W. Leibniz's Theory of Rational Decision-Making and the Reunion of the Churches.Markku Roinila - 2001 - In Hans Poser, Christoph Asmuth, Ursula Goldenbaum & Wenchao Li (eds.), Nihil sine ratione. Mensch, Natur un Technik im Wirken von G. W. Leibniz. G. W. Leibniz Geschellschaft. pp. 1069-1076.
    I attempt to appy Leibniz's vectorial model of rational decision-making to a memoir on church reunion.
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  26. added 2017-12-30
    John Locke ja G. W. Leibniz heikkotahtoisuudesta.Markku Roinila - 1998 - Ajatus 55:37-56.
    This paper discusses the topic of weakenss of the will or akrasia in Leibniz, especially in the context of Nouveaux essais sur l'entendement humain. I argue that Leibniz can be seen as supporting both the weak and the strong forms of akrasia in book II of the work.
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  27. added 2017-12-30
    Real Alternatives, Leibniz's Metaphysics of Choice.Reginald Osburn Savage - 1998 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  28. added 2017-12-30
    Gott, Freiheit, Weltenwahl der Ursprung des Begriffes der Besten Aller Möglichen Welten in der Metaphysik der Willensfreiheit Zwischen Antonio Perez S.J. Und G.W. Leibnitz. [REVIEW]Tilman Ramelow - 1997
  29. added 2017-12-30
    Die Freiheitstheorie von Leibniz.Sun-koo Yun - 1997
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  30. added 2017-12-30
    Untying the Knot: Leibniz on God's Knowledge of Future Free Contingents.Jack D. Davidson - 1996 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 13 (1):89 - 116.
  31. added 2017-12-30
    Leibniz and the Compatibilist Account of Free Will.Clive Borst - 1992 - Studia Leibnitiana 24 (1):49-58.
    Der Aufsatz zielt auf eine nähere Präzisierung der üblicherweise gegebenen Bestimmung, Leibniz sei „Kompatibilist“ gewesen. Willensfreiheit ist für Leibniz mit Gottes Vorherwissen und Vorherbestimmung sowie mit dem Prinzip des zureichenden Grundes kompatibel, keineswegs jedoch mit Indifferenz. Urn die Vereinbarkeit der Willensfreiheit mit vollständigen individuellen Begriffen zu zeigen, scheint der Rekurs auf Gegenstücke in anderen möglichen Welten unerläßlich. Es wird argumentiert, daß Willensfreiheit für Leibniz nicht mit der prinzipiellen Vorhersagbarkeit von Willensentscheidungen durch einen menschlichen Beobachter oder durch einen Laplaceschen Dämon kompatibel (...)
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  32. added 2017-12-30
    Leibniz and the Compatibilist of Free Will.Clive Borst - 1992 - Studia Leibnitiana 24 (1):49.
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  33. added 2017-12-30
    Contrainte, Nécessité, Choix la Métaphysique de la Liberté Chez Spinoza Et Chez Leibniz.Elhanan Yakira - 1989
  34. added 2017-12-30
    Fatum et Libertas. Untersuchungen zu Leibniz' ,Theodizee‛ und verwandten Schriften sowie Ciceros ,De fato‛.Bärbel Platz - 1974 - Studia Leibnitiana 6 (1):147-150.
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  35. added 2017-12-07
    Striving Possibles and Leibniz’s Cognitivist Theory of Volition.Andreas Blank - 2016 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 5 (2):29-52.
    Leibniz’s claim that possibles strive towards existence has led to diverging interpretations. According to the metaphorical interpretation, only the divine will is causally efficacious in bringing possibles into exisence. According to the literal interpretation, God endows possibles with causal powers of their own. The present article suggests a solution to this interpretative impass by suggesting that the doctrine of the striving possibles can be understood as a consequence of Leibniz’s early cognitivist theory of volition. According to this theory, thinking the (...)
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  36. added 2017-12-07
    Leibniz: Ação Racional e Fraqueza da Vontade.André Chagas Ferreira de Souza - 2011 - Cadernos de Ética E Filosofia Política 18:7-21.
    This article is an attempt to investigate a classic problem associated with the human action that can be extracted from the Leibnizian texts about the weakness of will, an issue emblematically briefed by Ovide: “I see clearly which [way] is better, and I know it is right, yet I follow the way that is worse”. The author of the Theodicy seems to suggest a way to understand the phenomenon of akrasia. A good source for this research is his work New (...)
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  37. added 2017-12-07
    Ohard Nachtomy: Possibility, Agency, and Individuality in Leibniz’s Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Tobias Fox - 2008 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 61 (2).
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  38. added 2017-12-07
    Possibility, Agency and Individuality in Leibniz's Metaphysics. [REVIEW]Mogens Lærke - 2008 - Dialogue 47 (2):395-397.
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  39. added 2017-12-07
    Divine Omniscience and Human Evil: Interpreting Leibniz Without Middle Knowledge.Jill Graper Hernandez - 2005 - Philosophy and Theology 17 (1/2):107-120.
    The ‘middle knowledge’ doctrine salvages free will and divine omniscience by contending that God knows what agents will freely choose under any possible circumstances. I argue, however, that the Leibnizian problem of divine knowledge of human evil is best resolved by applying a Theodicy II distinction between determined, foreseen, and resolved action. This move eliminates deference to middle knowledge. Contingent action is indeed free, but not all action is contingent, and so not all action is free. For Leibniz, then, God’s (...)
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  40. added 2017-12-07
    Leibniz on Freedom and Determinism in Relation to Aquinas and Molina.Didier Njirayamanda Kaphagawani - 1999
  41. added 2017-12-07
    The Range of Leibnizian Compatibilism.Eric Sotnak - 1999 - In Gennaro Rocco & Huenemann Charles (eds.), New Essays on the Rationalists. Oxford University Press. pp. 200--23.
  42. added 2017-12-07
    Free Choice.Donald L. M. Baxter - 1989 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 67 (1):12-24.
    There are two inspirations for the theory presented. One is the Kantian idea that a free choice affects a deterministic sequence of events globally rather than just locally. The second is the Leibnizian idea that God chooses for actuality the possible world he deems best. But instead of God choosing, suppose free agents collectively do. Let actuality be an office which deterministic possible worlds are voted in and not of. In this way free choice can change things even if every (...)
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  43. added 2017-12-07
    Trans-World Identity of Future Contingents: Sartre on Leibnizian Freedom.Terry Winant - 1984 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 22 (4):543-564.
  44. added 2017-12-06
    Liberté Et Raison, la Liberté Cartésienne Et Sa Réfraction Chez Spinoza Et Chez Leibniz.Jean-Marc Gabaude - 1970 - Association des Publications de la Faculté des Lettres Et Sciences Humaines.
  45. added 2017-11-25
    A Fresh Defense of Leibniz' Concept of Human Freedom.Thomas E. Baril - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):125-135.
  46. added 2017-11-24
    Die Ontologischen Grundlagen der Freiheitstheorie von Leibniz.Christos Axelos - 1974 - Studia Leibnitiana 6 (1):144-146.
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  47. added 2017-11-12
    Leibniz on Spontaneity: A Sketch of Formal and Final Causation.Sukjae Lee - manuscript
    According to a standard picture of Leibniz’s mature views on creaturely causation, Leibniz held what some interpreters have described as his ‘thesis of spontaneity’: “every non-initial, nonmiraculous state of every created substance has as a real cause some preceding state of that very substance.”2 Evidence for this thesis is abundantly available throughout Leibniz’s mature work and here are some prominent instances.
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  48. added 2017-11-12
    Leibnizian Deliberation.Samuel Murray - 2017 - Quaestiones Disputatae 7 (2):120-138.
    Leibniz is an eclectic and ecumenical philosopher. He often worked out philosophical positions that reconciled seemingly opposed theoretical systems and chastised people for rejecting certain views too quickly. In this paper, I describe one episode of Leibnizian reconciliation. My target is the phenomenon of deliberation. Traditionally, philosophers have offered two different accounts of deliberation based on two different accounts of the compatibility of freedom and determinism. Leibniz, I argue, cannot accept either account because of his broader theoretical commitments. This leads (...)
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  49. added 2017-11-12
    The Battle of the Endeavors: Dynamics of the Mind and Deliberation in New Essays on Human Understanding, Book II, Xx-Xxi.Markku Roinila - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), “Für unser Glück oder das Glück anderer”. Vorträge des X. Internationalen Leibniz-Kongresses, Hannover, 18. – 23. Juli 2016. G. Olms. pp. Band V, 73-87.
    In New Essays on Human Understanding, book II, chapter xxi Leibniz presents an interesting picture of the human mind as not only populated by perceptions, volitions and appetitions, but also by endeavours. The endeavours in question can be divided to entelechy and effort; Leibniz calls entelechy as primitive active forces and efforts as derivative forces. The entelechy, understood as primitive active force is to be equated with a substantial form, as Leibniz says: “When an entelechy – i.e. a primary or (...)
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  50. added 2017-11-12
    Locke and Leibniz on Freedom and Necessity.Idan Shimony & Yekutiel Shoham - 2016 - In Wenchao Li (ed.), Für Unser Glück Oder Das Glück Anderer, X. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress. Hildesheim: Georg Olms. pp. Vol. 1, 573-588.
    Locke and Leibniz are often classified as proponents of compatibilist theories of human freedom, since both maintain that freedom is consistent with determinism and that the difference between being and not being free turns on how one is determined. However, we will argue in this paper that their versions of compatibilism are essentially different and that they have significantly distinct commitments to compatibilism. To this end, we will first analyze the definitions and examples for freedom and necessity that Locke and (...)
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