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Key works Lloyd Strickland's Leibniz on God and Religion: A Reader (2016) is a useful place to begin reading Leibniz's own work in the philosophy of religion.  This volume includes many short works and selections on topics ranging from the existence of God to the Bible and non-Christian religions. 
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  1. Negotium Irenicum: L’Union des Églises Protestantes Selon G. W. Leibniz Et D. E. Jablonski; Leibniz: Protestant Theologian. [REVIEW]Robert Merrihew Adams - 2016 - The Leibniz Review 26:215-224.
  2. Leibniz's Conception of Religion.Robert Merrihew Adams - 2000 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 7:57-70.
    Leibniz’s religious cosmopolitanism is one of the main ways in which his thought foreshadows the Enlightenment. Of the controversial issues of his time, it is the one on which he was boldest. His commitment to it is discussed here in relation to both the Chinese Rites Controversy and the reunion of Christendom, and the main features of his conception of religion are discussed. (1) It is a religious and normative conception. (2) Its main principle is “the love of God above (...)
  3. Trinità E Incarnazione.Robert Merrihew Adams - 2000 - The Leibniz Review 10:53-60.
  4. Leibniz.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1994 - The Leibniz Review 19:113-116.
  5. Leibniz's Examination of the Christian Religion.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1994 - Faith and Philosophy 11 (4):517-546.
  6. Theodicy and Divine Intervention.Robert Merrihew Adams - 1994 - In Thomas F. Tracy (ed.), The God Who Acts: Philosophical and Theological Explorations. Pennsylvania State University Press.
  7. Leibniz Y la Filosofía de la Religión En Nishida Kitarô.Z. Agustín Jacinto - 2016 - Kriterion: Revista de Filosofia 57 (133):207-232.
    ABSTRACT This paper is an analysis of the manner Nishida Kitarô, in the process of construction of his own philosophy of religion, enters into dialogue with Leibniz's thought concerning Pre-established Harmony. Although the philosophy of religion is an important theme and Nishida goes back to Leibniz at some points in his textual career, there are relatively few studies that touch on the relationship between these two thinkers. I study Nishida's approach under three headings. The first section concerns ten main aspects (...)
  8. Les démonstrations mathématiques de l'existence de Dieu selon Leibniz.A. D' Alès - 1934 - Revue de Philosophie 4:295.
  9. Leibniz and the Imitation of God: A Criticism of Voluntarism.T. Allan Hillman & Tully Borland - 2011 - Philosophy and Theology 23 (1):3.
    The primary goal of this essay is to demonstrate that Leibniz’s objections to theological voluntarism are tightly connected to his overarching metaphysical system; a secondary goal is to show that his objections are not without some merit. Leibniz, it is argued, holds to strong versions of the imago dei doctrine, i.e., creatures are made in the image of God, and imitatio dei doctrine, i.e., creatures ought to imitate God. Consequently, God and creatures must possess similar structures of moral psychology, and (...)
  10. History of Islam in German Thought: From Leibniz to Nietzsche.Ian Almond - 2011 - Routledge.
    This concise overview of the perception of Islam in eight of the most important German thinkers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries allows a new and fascinating investigation of how these thinkers, within their own bodies of work, often espoused contradicting ideas about Islam and their nearest Muslim neighbors. Exploring a variety of 'neat compartmentalizations' at work in the representations of Islam, as well as distinct vocabularies employed by these key intellectuals, Ian Almond parses these vocabularies to examine the importance (...)
  11. History of Islam in German Thought From Leibniz to Nietzsche.Ian Almond - 2010 - Routledge.
    Introduction -- Leibniz, historicism, and the plague of Islam -- Kant, Islam, and the preservation of boundaries -- Herder's Arab fantasies -- Keeping the Turks out of islam : Goethe's Ottoman plan -- Friedrich Schlegel and the emptying of Islam -- Hegel and the disappearance of Islam -- Marx the Moor -- Nietzsche's peace with Islam.
  12. Alsted and Leibniz on God, the Magistrate and the Millennium.Johann Heinrich Alsted, Maria Rosa Antognazza & Howard Hotson - 1999
  13. Leibniz and Bayle on Divine Permission.Joseph Anderson - 2015 - In Christian Leduc, Paul Rateau & Jean-Luc Solere (eds.), Leibniz et Bayle: confrontation et dialogue. Stuttgart, Germany: Franz Steiner Verlag. pp. 383-396.
    In popular opinion, Leibniz’s work on the problem of evil is thought to begin and end with the claim that this is the best of all possible worlds, as if this were all that Leibniz needed to defend the justice of God. In many places, however, Leibniz is concerned to remove from God the actual agency for the evils in the world. By examining Leibniz’s uses of the concept of divine permission, one might find a Leibniz for whom the best-possible-world (...)
  14. Necessitarianism in Leibniz's Confessio Philosophi.Joseph Anderson - 2012 - Society and Politics 6 (2):114-123.
    Leibniz’s Confessio philosophi (1672–1673) appears to provide an anti-necessitarian solution to the problem of the author of sin. I will give here a brief reading of what appear to be two solutions to the problem of the author of sin in the Confessio. The first solution appears to commit Leibniz’s spokesman (the Philosopher) to necessitarianism. The Theologian (Leibniz’s interlocutor) objects to this necessitarianism, prompting the Philosopher to offer a modified version that appears to exorcise this doctrine. As it turns out, (...)
  15. Leibniz's Theodicies.Joseph Michael Anderson - 2014 - Dissertation, University of South Florida
    Evil poses a particular problem to early modern thinkers. Late scholasticism, while itself variegated, provided a number of resources for dispelling concerns about the justice of God raised by the existence of evil. With much of the metaphysics of the scholastics rejected, the new philosophers needed either to find inventive ways to make the old solutions fit into their new systems, to come up with new resources for dispelling the difficulties, or to accept the difficulties as insurmountable, likely via fideism (...)
  16. Dos perspectivas sobre el problema del mal: la Teodicea de Leibniz y Cándido de Voltaire.Gabriel Ernesto Andrade - 2010 - Revista de Filosofía (Venezuela) 64 (1):25-47.
    En este artículo se presentan dos perspectivas sobre uno de los más antiguos problemas planteados en la filosofía de la religión: si Dios es bueno y omnipotente, ¿cómo puede existir el mal? El filósofo alemán del siglo XVII, Gottfried Leibniz, ofreció una respuesta a este problema en su obra cumbre, Teodicea, argumentando que vivimos en el mejor de los mundos posibles. Un siglo después, Voltaire protestó contra la respuesta ofrecida por Leibniz, y la ridiculizó en su famosa novela, Cándido. Al (...)
  17. Le Labyrinthe temporel. Simplicité, persistance et création continuée chez Leibniz.Jean-Pascal Anfray - 2014 - Archives de Philosophie 77 (1):43-62.
    How to reconcile monadic simplicity with the successive plurality of the monadic states ? The doctrine of continued creation seems to entail the existence of independent temporal parts and thus lead to the thesis that the world contains only transitory things. I try to show how Leibniz has the resources to get out of this quandary. The analysis of the concept of extension shows that a plurality of states does not constitute a divisible aggregate. Then I examine the Leibnizian interpretation (...)
  18. God's Decrees and Middle Knowledge.Jean-Pascal Anfray - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):647-670.
    During the seventeenth century, disputes over middle knowledge centered on the following question: does God know contingent states of affairs before He decrees to bring them about (the Jesuit view); or, conversely, does He know them after He has decreed which states of affairs He will bring about (the Dominican view)? This article intends to cast some light on Leibniz’s view of this question. Of central importance here is the notion of a possible decree (designed both to ground contingency and (...)
  19. God’s Decrees and Middle Knowledge: Leibniz and the Jesuits.Jean-Pascal Anfray - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):647-670.
    During the seventeenth century, disputes over middle knowledge centered on the following question: does God know contingent states of affairs before He decrees to bring them about ; or, conversely, does He know them after He has decreed which states of affairs He will bring about? This article intends to cast some light on Leibniz’s view of this question. Of central importance here is the notion of a possible decree. Despite his apparent proximity to the Dominican view, Leibniz maintained the (...)
  20. Pour Une Ecclésiologie Évolutive. L'Église Dans les Églises Divisées En Marche Vers la Communion.Groupe de Travail Anglican-Catholique - 1972 - Nouvelle Revue Théologique 94 (9):933-942.
  21. Ecclesiology, Ecumenism, Toleration.Maria Rosa Antognazza - forthcoming - In The Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This contribution discusses Leibniz’s conception of the Christian church, his life-long ecumenical efforts, and his stance toward religious toleration. Leibniz’s regarded the main Christian denominations as particular churches constituting the only one truly catholic or universal church, whose authority went back to apostolic times, and whose theology was to be traced back to the entire ecclesiastical tradition. This is the ecclesiology which underpins his ecumenism. The main phases and features of his work toward reunification of Protestants and Roman Catholics, and (...)
  22. Philosophical Theology and Christian Doctrines.Maria Rosa Antognazza - forthcoming - In The Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This contribution discusses Leibniz’s views on key Christian doctrines which were surrounded, in the early modern period, by particularly lively debates. The first section delves into his defence of the Trinity and the Incarnation against the charge of contradiction, and his exploration of metaphysical models capacious enough to accommodate these mysteries. The second section focuses on the resurrection and the Eucharist with special regard to their connections with Leibniz’s metaphysics of bodies. The third section investigates Leibniz’s position on predestination, grace, (...)
  23. Faith and Reason.Maria Rosa Antognazza - forthcoming - In The Oxford Handbook of Leibniz. Oxford - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This contribution discusses Leibniz’s conception of faith and its relation to reason. It shows that, for Leibniz, faith embraces both cognitive and non-cognitive dimensions: although it must be grounded in reason, it is not merely reasonable belief. Moreover, for Leibniz, a truth of faith (like any truth) can never be contrary to reason but can be above the limits of comprehension of human reason. The latter is the epistemic status of the Christian mysteries. This view raises the problem of how (...)
  24. Theory and Praxis in Leibniz’s Theological Thought.Maria Rosa Antognazza - forthcoming - In Wenchao Li & Hartmut Rudolph (eds.), G. W. Leibniz im Lichte der Theologien [Leibniz in the Light of Theology]. Steiner.
    This paper re-assesses the place of theology in Leibniz’s thought focusing on the relationship between theory and praxis. It takes as its point of departure a general conclusion established in previous work, namely that Leibniz’s key formulations of his overarching plan for the reform and advancement of all the sciences, are devoted to a set of objectives which is both shaped by broadly theological concerns and ultimately practical. Against this backdrop, the discussion will then turn to an exploration of how (...)
  25. Leibniz’s Theory of Substance and His Metaphysics of the Incarnation.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2015 - In Paul Lodge & T. W. C. Stoneham (eds.), Locke and Leibniz on Substance. Routledge. pp. 231-252.
    This paper explores the development of Leibniz’s metaphysics of the Incarnation in the context of his philosophy. In particular it asks to what extent Leibniz’s repeated endorsement of the traditional analogy between the union in humankind of soul (mind) and body, and the union in Christ of divine and human natures, could be accommodated by his more general metaphysical doctrines. Such an investigation highlights some of the deepest commitments in Leibniz’s theory of substance as well as detect in it some (...)
  26. The Hypercategorematic Infinite.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2015 - The Leibniz Review 25:5-30.
    This paper aims to show that a proper understanding of what Leibniz meant by “hypercategorematic infinite” sheds light on some fundamental aspects of his conceptions of God and of the relationship between God and created simple substances or monads. After revisiting Leibniz’s distinction between (i) syncategorematic infinite, (ii) categorematic infinite, and (iii) actual infinite, I examine his claim that the hypercategorematic infinite is “God himself” in conjunction with other key statements about God. I then discuss the issue of whether the (...)
  27. Leibniz’s Metaphysical Evil Revisited.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2014 - In Samuel Newlands Larry Jorgensen (ed.), New Essays on Leibniz’s Theodicy. Oxford University Press. pp. 112-134.
    The category of metaphysical evil introduced by Leibniz appears to cast a sinister shadow over the goodness of creation. It seems to imply that creatures, simply in virtue of not being gods, are to some degree intrinsically and inescapably evil. After briefly unpacking this difficulty and outlining a recent attempt to deal with it, this paper returns to the texts to propose a novel and multilayered understanding of Leibniz’s category of metaphysical evil by reading it against the backdrop of the (...)
  28. Leibniz’s Doctrine of Toleration: Philosophical, Theological and Pragmatic Reasons.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2013 - In J. Parkin & T. Stanton (eds.), Natural Law and Toleration in the Early Enlightenment. Oxford University Press. pp. 139-164.
    Leibniz is not commonly numbered amongst canonical writers on toleration. One obvious reason is that, unlike Locke, he wrote no treatise specifically devoted to that doctrine. Another is the enormous amount of energy which he famously devoted to ecclesiastical reunification. Promoting the reunification of Christian churches is an objective quite different from promoting the toleration of different religious faiths – so different, in fact, that they are sometimes even construed as mutually exclusive. Ecclesiastical reunification aims to find agreement at least (...)
  29. The Conformity of Faith with Reason in the “Discours Préliminaire” of the Theodicy.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2011 - In Paul Rateau (ed.), Lectures et interprétations des Essais de théodicée de G. W. Leibniz. [Studia Leibnitiana Sonderhefte 40]. Steiner. pp. 231-245.
  30. Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2007 - Yale University Press.
    Throughout his long intellectual life, Leibniz penned his reflections on Christian theology, yet this wealth of material has never been systematically gathered or studied. This book addresses an important and central aspect of these neglected materials—Leibniz’s writings on two mysteries central to Christian thought, the Trinity and the Incarnation. -/- From Antognazza’s study emerges a portrait of a thinker surprisingly receptive to traditional Christian theology and profoundly committed to defending the legitimacy of truths beyond the full grasp of human reason. (...)
  31. Leibniz and Religious Toleration.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):601-622.
    As one might expect, throughout his life Leibniz assumed an attitude of religious toleration both ad intra (that is, toward Christians of other confessions) and ad extra (that is, toward non-Christians, notably Muslims). Focusing in particular on his epistolary exchange with the French Catholic convert Paul Pellisson-Fontanier, I argue that neither toleration ad intra nor toleration ad extra is grounded for Leibniz in indifference toward the content of revealed religion. On the contrary, Leibniz remained convinced of the objective truth of (...)
  32. Leibniz and Religious Toleration: The Correspondence with Paul Pellisson-Fontanier.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):601-622.
    As one might expect, throughout his life Leibniz assumed an attitude of religious toleration both ad intra and ad extra. The aim of this paper is to uncover the philosophical and theological foundations of Leibniz’s views on this subject. Focusing in particular on his epistolary exchange with the French Catholic convert Paul Pellisson-Fontanier, I argue that neither toleration ad intra nor toleration ad extra is grounded for Leibniz in indifference toward the content of revealed religion. On the contrary, Leibniz remained (...)
  33. Leibniz de Deo Trino: Philosophical Aspects of Leibniz's Conception of the Trinity.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2001 - Religious Studies 37 (1):1-13.
    This paper discusses Leibniz's Trinitarian doctrine in the light of his philosophy, as revealed by a set of virtually unstudied texts. The first part of the paper examines Leibniz's defence of the Trinity against the charge of contradiction as a necessary precondition to the development of his own conception of the Trinity. The second part discusses some of the key features of Leibniz's Trinitarian doctrine, notably his conception of person, the analogy between the human mind and the Trinity, and the (...)
  34. The Defence of the Mysteries of the Trinity and the Incarnation: An Example of Leibniz's 'Other' Reason.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 2001 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 9 (2):283 – 309.
    In this paper I will discuss certain aspects of Leibniz's theory and practice of 'soft reasoning' as exemplified by his defence of two central mysteries of the Christian revelation: the Trinity and the Incarnation. By theory and practice of 'soft' or 'broad' reasoning, I mean the development of rational strategies which can successefully be applied to the many areas of human understanding which escape strict demonstration, that is, the 'hard' or 'narrow' reasoning typical of mathematical argumentation. These strategies disclose an (...)
  35. Die Rolle der Trinitäts-und Menschwerdungsdiskussionen für die Entstehung von Leibniz'Denken.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 1994 - Studia Leibnitiana 26 (1):56-75.
    Leibniz's repeated interventions in the Trinitarian polemics widespread throughout Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries cannot merely be read as scholastic exercises or concessions to the conventions of his time. On the contrary, they involved reflection on issues fundamental to Leibniz's philosophical doctrines: issues such as the relationship between faith and reason, the limitations of the human intellect and the various grades of human knowledge, and the significance of the ' analogia Trinitatis' reconsidered in light of the concept of (...)
  36. Previously Unpublished Works by Leibniz on Controversies About the Trinity.Maria Rosa Antognazza - 1991 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 83 (4):525-550.
  37. Aisted and Leibniz on God, the Magistrate and the Millennium.Maria Rosa Antognazza & Howard Hotson - 1999 - Studia Leibnitiana 31 (1):123-125.
  38. Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation. Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century.Maria Rosa Antognazza & Gerald Parks - 2008 - Studia Leibnitiana 40 (2):241-243.
  39. The Role of Contemporaneous Discussions Concerning the Trinity and the Incarnation in the Formation of Leibniz Thought.Mr Antognazzahotson - 1994 - Studia Leibnitiana 26 (1):56-75.
  40. A LEIBNIZIAN, PLURALIST CONCEPTION OF BOTH BIOLOGICAL LIFE AND THEOLOGY. AntoninoDrago - forthcoming - In Proceedings of conference in Rome Tor Vergata sept. 2015 (in Italian).
  41. An Asterisk Denotes a Publication by a Member of the American Catholic Philosophical Association. The Editors Welcome Suggestions for Reviews. Antognazza, Maria Rosa. Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century. Trans. Gerald Parks. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008. Pp. Xxv+ 322. Hard Cover $60.00, ISBN: 978-0-300-10074-7. [REVIEW]Theodore J. Antry, Carol Neel, Barry Bercier & Erin Lothes Biviano - 2008 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 82 (1).
  42. Ahmed, Arif. Saul Kripke. Harrisburg, PA: Continuum, 2007. Pp. Viii+ 182. Paper, $29.95. Antognazza, Maria Rosa. Leibniz on the Trinity and the Incarnation: Reason and Revelation in the Seventeenth Century. Gerald Parks, Translator. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008. Pp. Xxv+ 322. Cloth, $60.00. [REVIEW]Samar Attar & William James DeAngelis - 2008 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (2):335-38.
  43. Plantinga and Leibniz. A Critical Study of "The Nature of Necessity" by Alvin Plantinga and of Some Reactions to It.Robin Attfield - 1980 - Studia Leibnitiana 12:215.
    Die folgenden miteinander zusammenhängenden Themen werden erörtert : der Essentialismus, die Trans-Welt-Identität, der ontologische Gottesbeweis und der Glaube, Gott könne jede beliebige Welt erschaffen. Plantingas Einschätzung der De-re-Modalität stellt sich als fehlerhaft heraus, wenn seine Überzeugung, Menschen dürften nicht mit ihren Körpern gleichgesetzt werden, auch überzeugender ist. Leibniz würde jedoch mit guten Gründen der Behauptung Plantingas nicht vorbehaltlos zustimmen, daß Menschen ihrem Wesen nach immateriell sind. Plantinga hat Recht, wenn er — z. B. im Gegensatz zu Leibniz — die Auffassung (...)
  44. Stewart, Matthew. El hereje y el cortesano. Spinoza y Leibniz, y el destino de Dios en el mundo moderno. Sarret, J. (trad.). [REVIEW]Jorge Aurelio Díaz - 2013 - Ideas Y Valores 62 (151):282-283.
    El presente trabajo investiga las tesis sobre el poder civil de Alonso de la Veracruz que buscan incorporar en la comunidad política española a los habitantes autóctonos del Nuevo Mundo, tesis que suelen relacionarse con F. de Vitoria y el tomismo español, y que últimamente son consideradas parte del republicanismo novohispano elaborado desde la periferia americana. Se busca demostrar que su propósito era aplicar una teoría de derechos naturales, sin que ello implique participación política de los indios americanos. Se analiza (...)
  45. Leibniz: Protestant Theologian.Irena Backus - 2014 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Irena Backus offers the first study in over four hundred years that characterizes Leibniz as both scholar and theologian. She explores his treatment of the key theological issues of his time-predestination, sacred history, the Eucharist, efforts for a union between Lutherans and members of other Christian traditions-illuminating his unique integration of theology into philosophy.Drawing on a wide range of Leibniz's writings, Backus carefully examines the philosophical points and counterpoints of his positions. She shows how Leibniz's Lutheran theology was reconciled with (...)
  46. The Mature Leibniz on Predestination.Irena Backus - 2012 - The Leibniz Review 22:67-96.
    This essay investigates how Leibniz and Daniel Ernst Jablonski handled the ironing out of intra-protestant religious differences, notably on predestination in the years ca. 1697-1702. I shall be focusing on the recently published union document between the Lutherans of Hanover and the Calvinists of Brandenburg, entitled the Unvorgreiffliches Bedencken (hereafter UB) and on the equally recently published and hitherto practically unknown Meditationes pacatae de praedestinatione et gratia, fato et libero arbitrio of 1701-ca. 1706 2. This is a series of Leibniz’s (...)
  47. The Mature Leibniz on Predestination.Irena Backus - 2012 - The Leibniz Review 22:67-96.
    This essay investigates how Leibniz and Daniel Ernst Jablonski handled the ironing out of intra-protestant religious differences, notably on predestination in the years ca. 1697-1702. I shall be focusing on the recently published union document between the Lutherans of Hanover and the Calvinists of Brandenburg, entitled the Unvorgreiffliches Bedencken and on the equally recently published and hitherto practically unknown Meditationes pacatae de praedestinatione et gratia, fato et libero arbitrio of 1701-ca. 1706 2. This is a series of Leibniz’s annotations on (...)
  48. Leibniz and Augustine.Irena Backus - 2012 - Augustinian Studies 43 (1-2):179-199.
  49. Leibniz's Concept of Substance and His Reception of John Calvin's Doctrine of the Eucharist.Irena Backus - 2011 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 19 (5):917-933.
    Leibniz saw the question of the eucharist as a crucial stumbling block to the agreement between Lutherans and Calvinists. Mandated together with Daniel Ernst Jablonsky to prepare working documents for the negotiations between Hanover and Brandenburg in 1697, Leibniz carefully read through the Calvinist Confessions of faith and the works of Calvin in their 1671 edition. He made an extensive collection of excerpts from the Confessions of faith and from Calvin's Institutes all intended to show that Calvinists admitted the substantial (...)
  50. G. W. Leibniz Im Lichte der Theologien [Leibniz in the Light of Theology].Irena Backus, Wenchao Li & Hartmut Rudolph (eds.) - forthcoming - Steiner.
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