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Summary Within the Anglophone philosophical world, Leibniz is recognized chiefly as a metaphysician, logician, and mathematician. However, he made wide-ranging contributions to the natural sciences of his day, participating in a number of discussions and controversies in fields as diverse as physics--in which he developed a science of force or "dynamics"--the sciences of life, medicine, optics, and geology. In scientific investigation, Leibniz relied on theoretical principles such as continuity, non-contradiction, and sufficient reason to constrain proposed hypotheses, and he maintained the compatibility of efficient and final causal explanation. As an inventor and a designer, he developed an early mechanical calculator, and, famously, failed in an attempt to harness wind-power to extract water from flooded mines in the Harz mountains. This theoretical and practical work was coupled by a life-long interest in furthering the growth of natural knowledge, including his project of a general science and encyclopedia aimed at organizing existing knowledge and aiding discovery. Leibniz also promoted the development of scientific societies, and was the founder and first president of what is now the Berlin-Brandenburgische Academy of Sciences and Humanities.  
Key works The following primary texts, listed chronologically and in English translation, have been selected to provide the reader with an overview of Leibniz's approach both to particular sciences including physics, cosmology, and geology, as well as to general topics of scientific discovery and methodology such as hypothesis, causal explanation, and the organization of knowledge in encyclopedic form. They also exhibit Leibniz's views regarding the utility of scientific knowledge for human life and highlight the interconnection of Leibniz's natural philosophy and metaphysics. Leibniz 1678-79? is an outline of an unrealized book on physics composed in the late 1670s, and is followed by a useful appendix on scientific methodology. In a text known as the Project of a New Encyclopedia to be Written Following the Method of Invention (Leibniz 1679), we find one of Leibniz's many sketches for an Encyclopedia that would organize, catolog, and promote the growth of knowledge. In the Brief Demonstration (Leibniz 1686), Leibniz provides an important critique of Cartesian physics focusing on the correct formulation of conservation laws. The Protogaea (Leibniz et al 2008) is Leibniz's speculative geological treatise on the origins of the Earth that was intended (in Leibniz's typically ambitious, incisive, yet diffuse intellectual manner) to serve as the opening of his never completed history of the House of Hannover. The Specimen Dynacum (Leibniz 1989) presents Leibniz's new science of force, or dynamics. In the Tentamen Anagogicum (Leibniz 1696), Leibniz defends the use of final causes in physics and features an early version of the principle of least action. Leibniz argues in De Ipsa Natura (Leibniz 1698) that a coherent philosophy of nature requires the postulation of an inherent force within natural substances. The New Essays on Human Understanding (Leibniz 1981) represents Leibniz's point by point critique of Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, and covers a number of topics related to the philosophy of science. The Leibniz-Clarke correspondence (Leibniz et al 2000) is Leibniz's well-known debate with the Newtonian Samuel Clarke, highlighting the differences between the Leibnizian and Newtonian accounts of nature.
Introductions For a general overview of Leibniz's scientific methodology, see Duchesneau 1993. Smith 2011 focuses on Leibniz's involvement with the life sciences of his day, and reveals the tight connection between Leibniz's metaphysics and his attempts to explain living, organic bodies..
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  1. added 2019-02-15
    Substantivalism and Relationism as Bad Cartography: Why Spatial Ontology Needs a Better Map.Edward Slowik - 2018 - In S. Wuppuluri & F. A. Doria (eds.), The Map and the Territory: Exploring the Foundations of Science, Thought and Reality. Cham, Switzerland: Springer. pp. 185-198.
    While there are numerous difficulties with the standard spacetime ontological dichotomy, namely, substantivalism versus relationism, this investigation will focus on two specific issues as a means of examining and developing alternative ontological conceptions of space that go beyond the limitations imposed by the standard dichotomy. First, while Newton and Leibniz are often upheld as the progenitors of, respectively, substantivalism and relationism, their own work in the natural philosophy of space often contradicts the central tenets of that dichotomy. Second, while the (...)
  2. added 2019-02-11
    Cause and Effect in Leibniz’s Brevis Demonstratio.Laurynas Adomaitis - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science:000-000.
    Leibniz’s argument against Descartes’s conservation principle in the Brevis demonstratio (1686) has traditionally been read as passing from the premise that motive force must be conserved to the conclusion that motive force is not identical to quantity of motion and, finally, that quantity of motion is not conserved. In a lesser-known draft of the same year, Christiaan Huygens claimed that Descartes had in fact never held the view that Leibniz was attacking. Huygens is right as far as the traditional reading (...)
  3. added 2019-02-11
    How to Connect Physics with Metaphysics: Leibniz on the Conservation Law, Force, and Substance.Shohei Edamura - 2018 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 74 (2-3):787-810.
    Leibniz once argued that scholastic substantial forms do not exist, but he later emphasized that bodies have substantial forms. This implies that he assumed that bodies have intrinsic powers to act by themselves. In order to understand the change of his metaphysics, we need to identify the resources of his motivation to introduce a new view. On the basis of Leibniz’s early works in the 1670s and 80s, this paper explores how his discovery of the law that the quantity of (...)
  4. added 2019-02-11
    Leibniz-Clarke Correspondence, Brain in a Vat, Five-Minute Hypothesis, McTaggart’s Paradox, Etc. Are Clarified in Quantum Language [Revised Version].Shiro Ishikawa - 2018 - Open Journal of Philosophy 8 (5):466-480.
    Recently we proposed "quantum language" (or, the linguistic Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics"), which was not only characterized as the metaphysical and linguistic turn of quantum mechanics but also the linguistic turn of Descartes=Kant epistemology. We believe that quantum language is the language to describe science, which is the final goal of dualistic idealism. Hence there is a reason to want to clarify, from the quantum linguistic point of view, the following problems: "brain in a vat argument", "the Cogito proposition", (...)
  5. added 2019-02-11
    Fuerza primitiva y fuerza derivativa en G. W. Leibniz. Modificación y limitación.Leonardo Ruiz - 2015 - Tópicos: Revista de Filosofía 48:141-168.
    La fuerza derivativa es descrita por Leibniz como modificación o limitación de la entelequia o fuerza primitiva. Sin embargo, la describe también como perteneciente a los fenómenos y como causante del movimiento físico. Algunos comentadores han encontrado en este punto un conflicto irresoluble dentro del sistema leibniziano, mientras que otros han ensayado algunas soluciones. Este artículo presenta un análisis de la noción de “modo”, tal como es utilizada en la descripción de la relación entre fuerza primitiva y fuerza derivativa. A (...)
  6. added 2019-02-11
    Zur Infinitisierung der Automaten: Descartes Und Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 1997 - In J. Soering & R. Sorgg (eds.), Die Androiden: Zur Poetologie der Automaten. Francfort: P. Lang. pp. p.85-98..
    The article compares Descartes’ and Leibniz’ use of the concept of a machine. For Descartes, the activity of the engineers rises to become the model for the scientific enterprise: one proceeds from the simple and the familiar to explain the complex. In this way one can escape the sheer astonishment about the complexity of the machines and their effects. This mechanical model is extended also to the explanation of the living beings. Also Leibniz regards living beings as machines. The difference (...)
  7. added 2018-10-29
    IV. Metaphysical Foundations for Natural Science.Catherine Wilson - 1990 - In Leibniz's Metaphysics: A Historical and Comparative Study. Princeton University Press. pp. 121-157.
  8. added 2018-10-19
    Leibniz et l'invention des phénomènes.Daniel Schulthess - 2009 - Paris: PUF.
    LES APPARENCES: ANALYSES PREALABLES L'ontologie des apparences I : questions terminologiques L'ontologie des apparences II : les entia apparentia La sémantique des apparences DES APPARENCES AUX FONDEMENTS Aspects catégoriels : la substance La simplicité comme condition de la substance L'activité comme condition de la substance DES FONDEMENTS AUX APPARENCES La production des apparences I : l'étendue La production des apparences II : la diffusion La production des qualités sensibles I BILAN Dire ce qu'il en est du corps Les propositions réduplicatives.
  9. added 2018-07-27
    Machines Finies Et Machines Infinies Chez Leibniz.Daniel Schulthess - 1999 - In Dominique Berlioz & Frédéric Nef (eds.), L'actualité de Leibniz: les deux labyrinthes (Studia leibnitiana, Supplementa 34). Stuttgart: F. Steiner. pp. p.633-642..
    The article develops the conception that Leibniz has of organisms as machines of a particular type, differing from artificial machines because 1. all the parts of an organic machine are in turn composed by smaller machines and thus to infinity; and 2. the maintenance of the individual identity in living machines is provided by the fact that they have folds going to infinity which can unfold and fold back, thus allowing infinite transformations of the body. The author then discusses these (...)
  10. added 2018-07-23
    Leibniz and the Foundations of Physics: The Later Years.Jeffrey K. McDonough - 2016 - Philosophical Review 125 (1):1-34.
    This essay offers an account of the relationship between extended Leibnizian bodies and unextended Leibnizian monads, an account that shows why Leibniz was right to see intimate, explanatory connections between his studies in physics and his mature metaphysics. The first section sets the stage by introducing a case study from Leibniz's technical work on the strength of extended, rigid beams. The second section draws on that case study to introduce a model for understanding Leibniz's views on the relationship between derivative (...)
  11. added 2018-07-23
    Relacja między nauką o logicznych możliwościach a zasadą zachowania energii. Rola badań Huygensa i Leibniza dla nowożytnej refleksji nad wolnością woli.Anna Szyrwińska - 2015 - IDEA – Studia Nad Strukturą I Rozwojem Pojęć Filozoficznych:191-202.
    The article investigates the relationship between Leibniz’s and Huygens’ theory of possibility and the principle of conservation of energy. It assumes that their criticisms of Cartesian views concerning those questions as well as their own achievements contributed to the formation of a new metaphysical basis for modern discussions on the freedom of the will. There are especially two problems whose role is crucial in this context, namely the question of God’s knowledge of future conditionals (contingentia futura) and the mind-body distinction.
  12. added 2018-07-23
    Kant's Early Theory of Motion.Marius Stan - 2009 - The Leibniz Review 19:29-61.
    This paper examines the young Kant’s claim that all motion is relative, and argues that it is the core of a metaphysical dynamics of impact inspired by Leibniz and Wolff. I start with some background to Kant’s early dynamics, and show that he rejects Newton’s absolute space as a foundation for it. Then I reconstruct the exact meaning of Kant’s relativity, and the model of impact he wants it to support. I detail (in Section II and III) his polemic engagement (...)
  13. added 2018-07-23
    Autour de l’Oedipus chymicus.Anne-Lise Rey - 2008 - Methodos 8.
    À partir de la comparaison entre l’Oedipus chymicus de Leibniz écrit en 1710 et ce qui nous a semblé un possible référent, le texte homonyme de J.J Becher de 1664, l’article s’efforce de déterminer les raisons de l’attrait que Leibniz éprouve pour la chimie de son temps. Si les pratiques de codage et de décodage de la démarche alchimique ainsi que l’attention portée aux transformations des états de la matière constituent indéniablement des points de convergence avec la philosophie leibnizienne, il (...)
  14. added 2018-07-23
    Le Vivant Chez Leibniz.Jean-Pierre Coutard - 2007 - Harmattan.
    Il n'y a pas de " théorie leibnizienne du vivant " mais on peut, à l'aide de certains outils conceptuels et sur la base de certaines orientations du discours leibnizien, porter un regard sur le vivant qui le saisisse comme la continuité ...
  15. added 2018-07-23
    Elämän jatkumo Leibnizilla.Markku Roinila - 2005 - In Jussi Haukioja & Juha Räikkä (eds.), Elämän merkitys: Filosofisia kirjoituksia elämästä. Unipress.
    Leeuwenhoekin kokeilut mikroskoopilla 1600-luvun lopulla olivat G. W. Leibnizille suuri innoituksen lähde. Monadologia-teoksessaan Leibniz hehkutti keksinnön merkitystä ja antoi ymmärtää, että sillä löydetyt pikkuruiset eliöt todistivat hänen metafyysisen pluralisminsa oikeaksi. Hänen mukaansa "huomataan, että pienimmässäkin osasessa ainetta on kokonainen elävien olioiden, eläinten, entelekhioiden ja sielujen maailma." Näin Leibnizin ajatus elämän jatkumosta sai uutta pontta. -/- Keksinnön vaikutus näkyy myös Leibnizin teoksessa Uusia esseitä inhimillisestä ymmärryksestä, jossa hän esittelee pienet perseptiot, joita voidaan pitää tietoteoreettisena vastineena pieneliöille. -/- Tarkastelen esitelmässäni Leibnizin reaktioita (...)
  16. added 2018-07-23
    Leibniz's Collision Rules for Inertialess Bodies Indifferent to Motion.R. S. Woolhouse - 2000 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 17 (2):143 - 157.
  17. added 2018-07-23
    Le principe de finalité et la science leibnizienne.François Duchesneau - 1996 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 94 (3):387-414.
  18. added 2018-07-23
    The Principle of Finality and Leibnizian Science.F. Duchesneau - 1996 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 94 (3):387-414.
  19. added 2018-07-23
    Quelques questions autour de la notion leibnizienne de puissance.Martine de Gaudemar - 1992 - Studia Leibnitiana 24 (2):216-220.
    Es werden Beziehungen zwischen den Begriffen der potentia, der Existenz und der besten aller möglichen Welten untersucht.
  20. added 2018-07-23
    Is There a Pre-Established Harmony of Aggregates in the Leibnizian Dynamics, or Do Non-Substantial Bodies Interact?Gregory Brown - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (1):53-75.
  21. added 2018-07-23
    Wissenschaft und Geschichte bei Leibniz.Quintín Racionero Carmona - 1991 - Studia Leibnitiana 23 (1):57-78.
    Les analyses leibniziennes de la signification et de la fonction des notions abstraites et concrètes permettent de distinguer deux modes de connaissance: celui de la Science ou Philosophie et celui de l'Histoire, dont les réferents ne peuvent pas se réduire l'un à l'autre, ou être subsumés sous un concept unique de la vérité. Cette duplicité de perspectives constitue la plus grande difficulté du système leibnizien, à tel point qu'elle à même été présentée comme un hysteron-próteron insoluble. Elle disparait cependant, si (...)
  22. added 2018-07-23
    Neue Einblicke in Leibniz'Reform seiner Dynamik (1678).Michel Fichant - 1990 - Studia Leibnitiana 22 (1):48-68.
    La De Corporum concursu de janvier-février 1678 consume le véritable acte de naissance de ce qui sera la Dynamique leibnizienne: l'étude systématique des règies rendant compte du choc direct de deux mobiles permet en effet à Leibniz de reconnaître pour la premiere fois la validité de la formule mv 2 dans l'estimation de la force et dans l'équation de conservation qui lui répond. Ce document fait lui-méme suite à un travail intense portant sur les divers aspects mathematiques et physiques du (...)
  23. added 2018-07-23
    De Ipsa Natura. Sources of Leibniz's Doctrines of Force, Activity and Natural Law.Catherine Wilson - 1987 - Studia Leibnitiana 19 (2):148-172.
    Leibniz beschreibt sein philosophisches Anliegen oft als Versuch, bestimmte Formen, die von den modernen Philosophen verbannt waren, wieder herzustellen. Dieser Aufsatz erörtert den historischen Gang dieser Verbannung und Leibniz' Bemühen um eine Rehabilitierung der Begriffe Natur, Form und Kraft, wobei er jedoch okkulte, “barbarische” und überflüssige Zutaten zur Naturphilosophie vermeidet.
  24. added 2018-07-23
    Atoms and Monads: An Inquiry Into the Idea of Nature in Locke's "Essay" and Leibniz's "New Essays".Sue M. Weinberg - 1985 - Dissertation, City University of New York
    A matter of significance for the history of philosophy is the question of what are the issues that underlie Leibniz's response to Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding, in his own New Essays on Human Understanding. Exploration of that question can contribute to interpretations of both Locke and Leibniz. Equally important, it can provide insight into problems of philosophy that have their genesis in the seventeenth century. ;The dissertation uses the Essay and the New Essays to explore what it regards as (...)
  25. added 2018-07-23
    Leibniz's Reaction to Cartesian Interaction.R. S. Woolhouse - 1985 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 86:69 - 82.
  26. added 2018-07-23
    IV—Leibniz's Reaction to Cartesian Interaction.R. S. Woolhouse - 1985 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 86 (1):69-82.
  27. added 2018-07-23
    Hypothèses et finalité dans la science leibnizienne.FranÇois Duchesneau - 1980 - Studia Leibnitiana 12:161.
    Leibniz differs from Descartes insofar as he submits the search for mechanical explanations to regulatory norms. This is the case, for instance, in dioptrics: provided the law of sines is shown to conform to a sufficient reason of functionality, a relevant mechanical hypothesis is found acceptable. Explaining by means of hypotheses implies a twofold process of connections between an analytic model defining such an order of the elements as may fit the norm of a mathesis, and a presupposed mechanical disposition (...)
  28. added 2018-07-23
    Der Begriff des Organismus bei Leibniz: „biologische Tatsache“ und Fundierung.Marielle Echelard-Dumas - 1976 - Studia Leibnitiana 8 (2):160 - 186.
    Le concept d'organisme qui éclaire indirectement la théorie leibniziennc de la connaissance, répond à deux problèmes centraux de sa philosophie: ceux de la vie et du fondement. Etude et philosophie de la vie s'y rejoignent. Face au cartésianisme, Leibniz affirme l'irréductibilité de l'être vivant à tout mécanisme (il est «autosuffisant», «autoréglé») et ouvre ainsi la voie aux sciences de la vie. Toutefois la réalité de l'organisme reste «in sola mente». Leibniz est alors amené à reconnaître dans le «vinculum», (l'union de (...)
  29. added 2018-07-23
    A Leibnizian Space.Ian Hacking - 1975 - Dialogue 14 (1):89-100.
  30. added 2018-07-23
    The Leibnizian-Newtonian Debates: Natural Philosophy and Social Psychology.Carolyn Iltis - 1973 - British Journal for the History of Science 6 (4):343-377.
    By the time of the Leibniz-Clarke correspondence of 1716 the Newtonian and Leibnizian systems of natural philosophy had reached maturity. Each system consisted of different physical as well as metaphysical principles which, taken together, formed a world view. At the time of their famous debates, Leibniz at 70 and Newton at 74, the founders of two highly developed scientific philosophies, were struggling to establish and defend the ontological and mechanical bases of differing bodies of organized knowledge.
  31. added 2018-07-23
    Dynamique Et Métaphysique Leibniziennes. Suivi d'Une Note Sur le Principe de la Moindre Action Chez Maupertuis. [REVIEW]K. R. Mc - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (7):188-189.
  32. added 2018-07-23
    Dynamique Et Métaphysique Leibniziennes. Suivi d'Une Note Sur le Principe de la Moindre Action Chez Maupertuis.M. Gueroult - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (7):188-189.
  33. added 2018-06-15
    Newton Versus Leibniz: Intransparency Versus Inconsistency.Karin Verelst - 2014 - Synthese 191 (13):2907-2940.
    In this paper I argue that inconsistencies in scientific theories may arise from the type of causality relation they—tacitly or explicitly—embody. All these seemingly different causality relations can be subsumed under a general strategy developed to defeat the paradoxes which inevitably occur in our experience of the real. With respect to this, scientific theories are just a subclass of the larger class of metaphysical theories, construed as theories that attempt to explain a (part of) the world consistently. All metaphysical theories (...)
  34. added 2018-06-15
    Leibniz on Causation: Efficiency, Explanation and Conceptual Dependence.Stefano Di Bella - 2002 - Quaestio 2 (1):411-448.
  35. added 2018-06-15
    KOCH, H. L. -Materie Und Organismus Bei Leibniz. [REVIEW]A. A. B. A. A. B. - 1910 - Mind 19:133.
  36. added 2018-05-18
    The Space Between and the Space Within: On the Definition, Conception, and Function of Space in Leibniz's Late Metaphysics.Julia Bursten - forthcoming - Think.
  37. added 2018-05-18
    Theoretical Construction in Physics – The Role of Leibniz for Weyl's ‘Philosophie der Mathematik Und Naturwissenschaft’.Norman Sieroka - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 61:6-17.
  38. added 2018-05-18
    Space and Time as Relations: The Theoretical Approach of Leibniz.Basil Evangelidis - 2018 - Philosophies 3 (2):9-0.
    The epistemological rupture of Copernicus, the laws of planetary motions of Kepler, the comprehensive physical observations of Galileo and Huygens, the conception of relativity, and the physical theory of Newton were components of an extremely fertile and influential cognitive environment that prompted the restless Leibniz to shape an innovative theory of space and time. This theory expressed some of the concerns and intuitions of the scientific community of the seventeenth century, in particular the scientific group of the Academy of Sciences (...)
  39. added 2018-05-18
    Newton's Concepts of Force Among the Leibnizians.Marius Stan - 2017 - In Mordechai Feingold & Elizabethanne Boran (eds.), Reading Newton in Early Modern Europe. Leiden: Brill. pp. 244-289.
    I argue that the key dynamical concepts and laws of Newton's Principia never gained a solid foothold in Germany before Kant in the 1750s. I explain this absence as due to Leibniz. Thus I make a case for a robust Leibnizian legacy for Enlightenment science, and I solve what Jonathan Israel called “a meaningful historical problem on its own,” viz. the slow and hesitant reception of Newton in pre-Kantian Germany.
  40. added 2018-05-18
    Review of Vis Vim Vi: Declinations of Force in Leibniz’s Dynamics, by Tzuchien Tho. [REVIEW]Edward Slowik - 2017 - The Leibniz Review 27:169-172.
  41. added 2018-05-18
    Substantivalism Vs Relationalism About Space in Classical Physics.Shamik Dasgupta - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (9):601-624.
    Substantivalism is the view that space exists in addition to any material bodies situated within it. Relationalism is the opposing view that there is no such thing as space; there are just material bodies, spatially related to one another. This paper assesses this issue in the context of classical physics. It starts by describing the bucket argument for substantivalism. It then turns to anti-substantivalist arguments, including Leibniz's classic arguments and their contemporary reincarnation under the guise of ‘symmetry’. It argues that (...)
  42. added 2018-05-18
    Justin E. H. Smith, Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life.Boris Demarest - 2015 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 4 (1):128-132.
  43. added 2018-05-18
    Leibniz’s Conception of Space: The Space of Life and the Holographic Universe.Kyriaki Goudeli - 2014 - Philosophy Study 4 (2).
  44. added 2018-05-18
    Monadology, Information, and Physics, Part 2: Space and Time.Soshichi Uchii - unknown
    In Part 2, drawing on the results of Part 1, I will present my own interpretation of Leibniz’s philosophy of space and time. As regards Leibniz’s theory of geometry and space, De Risi’s excellent work appeared in 2007, so I will depend on this work. However, he does not deal with Leibniz’s view on time, and moreover, he seems to misunderstand the essential part of Leibniz’s view on time. Therefore I will begin with Richard Arthur’s paper, and J. A. Cover’s (...)
  45. added 2018-05-18
    The Life Sciences in Early Modern Philosophy.Ohad Nachtomy & Justin E. H. Smith (eds.) - 2014 - Oup Usa.
    This volume explores the intersection between early modern philosophy and the life sciences by presenting the contributions of important but often neglected figures such as Cudworth, Grew, Glisson, Hieronymus Fabricius, Stahl, Gallego, Hartsoeker, and More, as well as familiar figures such as Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Malebranche, and Kant.
  46. added 2018-05-18
    Monadology, Information, and Physics Part 3: Inertia and Gravity.Soshichi Uchii - unknown
    In Part 3, I will discuss the problems of inertia and gravity in Leibniz, and present three conjectures: If Leibniz were really ready to insist on relativity, he would have to assert the relativity of inertial motion. In Leibniz’s theories of dynamics and geometry, there was a struggle between his predilection for straight line and his adherence to an optimality principle. Gravity, as well as inertia, can be considered as a universal feature of the world, so that the foundation of (...)
  47. added 2018-05-18
    Kant Vs. Leibniz in the Second Antinomy: Organisms Are Not Infinitely Subtle Machines.Philippe Huneman - 2014 - Kant-Studien 105 (2):155-195.
    This paper interprets the two pages devoted in the Critique of Pure Reason to a critique of Leibniz’s view of organisms as infinitely organized machines. It argues that this issue of organisms represents a crucial test-case for Kant in regard to the conflicting notions of space, continuity and divisibility held by classical metaphysics and by criticism. I first present Leibniz’s doctrine and its justification. In a second step, I explain the general reasoning by which Kant defines the problem of the (...)
  48. added 2018-05-18
    Monadology, Information, and Physics, Part 1: Metaphysics and Dynamics.Soshichi Uchii - unknown
    Leibniz coined the word “dynamics,” but his own dynamics has never been completed. However, there are many illuminating ideas scattered in his writings on dynamics and metaphysics. In this paper, I will present my own interpretation of Leibniz’s dynamics and metaphysics. To my own surprise, Leibniz’s dynamics and metaphysics are incredibly flexible and modern. In particular, the metaphysical part, namely Monadology, can be interpreted as a theory of information in terms of monads, which generate both physical phenomena and mental phenomena. (...)
  49. added 2018-05-18
    Divine Machines: Leibniz and the Sciences of Life.Steven Goldman - 2013 - The European Legacy 18 (6):766-767.
  50. added 2018-05-18
    Kant’s 1768 Attack on Leibniz’ Conception of Space.Stefan Storrie - 2013 - Kant-Studien 104 (2):145-166.
    This paper examines two features of Kant’s 1768 critique of Leibniz’ conception of space. Firstly, Leibniz’ proposed geometrical calculus called ‘analysis situs’; secondly, Leibniz’ relational conception of space. The main thesis of the paper is that Kant’s arguments are more powerful than generally recognized. With regard to the analysis situs, I will show that Kant was quite well informed about this proposed science and that his arguments severely undermine Leibniz’ claims to what it could perform. With regard to the relational (...)
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