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  1. Madeleine Arseneault (2014). How to Criticize Lexical Accounts of Idioms. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 95 (2):141-158.
    The semantics of idioms has traditionally treated the idiomatic phrase as a lexical item to which an idiomatic meaning is assigned, and in which remains inert the ordinary literal meaning of the phrase's constitutive words. I draw a distinction between metaphysical lexicalism and methodological lexicalism, and show how criticisms lodged against one kind of lexicalism leave the other intact. Once it is clarified that it is methodological lexicalism that is of interest, and what kind of evidence counts against methodological lexicalism (...)
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  2. Christian Bassac, Bruno Mery & Christian Retoré (2010). Towards a Type-Theoretical Account of Lexical Semantics. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 19 (2):229-245.
    After a quick overview of the field of study known as “Lexical Semantics”, where we advocate the need of accessing additional information besides syntax and Montague-style semantics at the lexical level in order to complete the full analysis of an utterance, we summarize the current formulations of a well-known theory of that field. We then propose and justify our own model of the Generative Lexicon Theory, based upon a variation of classical compositional semantics, and outline its formalization. Additionally, we discuss (...)
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  3. Andreas Blank (1999). For Lexical Semantic Change. In Andreas Blank & Peter Koch (eds.), Historical Semantics and Cognition. Mouton de Gruyter. pp. 13--61.
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  4. Gerrit Burkert (1995). Lexical Semantics and Terminological Knowledge Representation. In Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.), Computational Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 165--184.
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  5. Alessandro Capone (2001). Review of Higginbotham Ed. Speaking of Events. [REVIEW] Linguistics 39 (6): 1179–1192..
    review of Higginbotham et al. -/- A Davidsonian approach.
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  6. Adam M. Croom (2014). The Semantics of Slurs: A Refutation of Pure Expressivism. Language Sciences 41:227-242.
    In several recent contributions to the growing literature on slurs, Hedger draws upon Kaplan’s distinction between descriptive and expressive content to argue that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content. The distinction between descriptive and expressive content and the view that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content has been widely acknowledged in prior work, and Hedger aims to contribute to this tradition of scholarship by offering novel arguments in support of his ‘‘pure expressivist’’ account of slurs. But the account (...)
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  7. Adam M. Croom (2014). Remarks on The Semantics of Racial Slurs. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 13:11-32.
    In “The Semantics of Racial Slurs,” an article recently published in Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, Hedger draws upon Kaplan’s distinction between descriptive and expressive content to argue that slurs are expressions with purely expressive content. Here I review the key considerations presented by Hedger in support of his purely expressive account of slurs and provide clear reasons for why it must ultimately be rejected. After reviewing the key cases Hedger offers for consideration in support of his view that slurs are (...)
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  8. Adam M. Croom (2014). Slurs, Stereotypes, and in-Equality: A Critical Review of “How Epithets and Stereotypes Are Racially Unequal”. Language Sciences 44:1-16.
    Are racial slurs always offensive and are racial stereotypes always negative? How, if at all, are racial slurs and stereotypes different and unequal for members of different races? Questions like these and others about slurs and stereotypes have been the focus of much research and hot debate lately, and in a recent article Embrick and Henricks aimed to address some of the aforementioned questions by investigating the use of racial slurs and stereotypes in the workplace. Embrick and Henricks drew upon (...)
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  9. Adam M. Croom (2013). Racial Epithets, Characterizations, and Slurs. Analysis and Metaphysics 12:11-24.
    Since at least 2008 linguists and philosophers of language have started paying more serious attention to issues concerning the meaning or use of racial epithets and slurs. In an influential article published in The Journal of Philosophy, for instance, Christopher Hom (2008) offered a semantic account of racial epithets called Combinatorial Externalism (CE) that advanced a novel argument for the exclusion of certain epithets from freedom of speech protection under the First Amendment (p. 435). Also in more recent work, “The (...)
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  10. D. A. Cruse (1986). Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press.
    Lexical Semantics is about the meaning of words. Although obviously a central concern of linguistics, the semantic behaviour of words has been unduly neglected in the current literature, which has tended to emphasize sentential semantics and its relation to formal systems of logic. In this textbook D. A. Cruse establishes in a principled and disciplined way the descriptive and generalizable facts about lexical relations that any formal theory of semantics will have to encompass. Among the topics covered in depth are (...)
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  11. H. Cuyckens, René Dirven & John R. Taylor (eds.) (2003). Cognitive Approaches to Lexical Semantics. Mouton De Gruyter.
    "This book provides a representative survey of early and more recent concerns in cognitively inspired lexical semantics.
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  12. Ken Daley (2010). The Structure of Lexical Concepts. Philosophical Studies 150 (3):349 - 372.
    Jerry Fodor (Concepts: Where cognitive science went wrong. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) famously argued that lexical concepts are unstructured. After examining the advantages and disadvantages of both the classical approach to concepts and Fodor's conceptual atomism, I argue that some lexical concepts are, in fact, structured. Roughly stated, I argue that structured lexical concepts bear a necessary biconditional entailment relation to their structural constituents. I develop this account of the structure of lexical concepts within the framework of Pavel (...)
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  13. S. C. Dik (1978). Stepwise Lexical Decomposition. The Peter De Ridder Press.
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  14. H. J. Eikmeyer & H. Rieser (1981). Word Semantics From Different Points of View. An Introduction to the Present Volume'. In Hans-Jürgen Eikmeyer & Hannes Rieser (eds.), Words, Worlds, and Contexts: New Approaches in Word Semantics. W. De Gruyter. pp. 6--1.
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  15. Ingrid Lossius Falkum & Agustin Vicente (2015). Polysemy: Current Perspectives and Approaches. Lingua:DOI: 10.1016/j.lingua.2015.02.00.
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  16. Michele I. Feist & Sarah E. Duffy (2015). Moving Beyond ‘Next Wednesday’: The Interplay of Lexical Semantics and Constructional Meaning in an Ambiguous Metaphoric Statement. Cognitive Linguistics 26 (4):633-656.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Cognitive Linguistics Jahrgang: 26 Heft: 4 Seiten: 633-656.
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  17. Sebastian Feller (2010). Lexical Meaning in Dialogic Language Use. John Benjamins Pub. Company.
    chapter The whole and its parts Towards a holistic understanding of language Human beings are social entities. We are a family member, a brother or a sister ...
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  18. Jerry Fodor & Ernie Lepore, Morphemes Matter; the Continuing Case Against Lexical Decomposition (Or: Please Don't Play That Again, Sam).
    The idea that quotidian, middle-level concepts typically have internal structure -- definitional, statistical, or whatever -- plays a central role in practically every current approach to cognition. Correspondingly, the idea that words that express quotidian, middle-level concepts have complex representations "at the semantic level" is recurrent in linguistics; it's the defining thesis of what is often called "lexical semantics," and it unites the generative and interpretive traditions of grammatical analysis. Recently, Hale and Keyser (1993) have provided a budget of sophisticated (...)
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  19. Jerry Fodor & Ernie Lepore (1998). The Emptiness of the Lexicon: Critical Reflections on J. Pustejovsky's the Generative Lexicon. Linguistic Inquiry 29:269-288.
    A certain metaphysical thesis about meaning that we'll call Informational Role Semantics (IRS) is accepted practically universally in linguistics, philosophy and the cognitive sciences: the meaning (or content, or `sense') of a linguistic expression1 is constituted, at least in part, by at least some of its inferential relations. This idea is hard to state precisely, both because notions like metaphysical constitution are moot and, more importantly, because different versions of IRS take different views on whether there are constituents of meaning (...)
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  20. Peter Gärdenfors (forthcoming). Levels of Communication and Lexical Semantics. Synthese.
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  21. Geeraerts Dirk (2006). Chapter 15. Cognitive Grammar and the History of Lexical Semantics. In Dirk Geeraerts (ed.), Words and Other Wonders: Papers on Lexical and Semantic Topics. Mouton de Gruyter.
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  22. Geeraerts Dirk (2006). Chapter 16. The Theoretical and Descriptive Development of Lexical Semantics. In Dirk Geeraerts (ed.), Words and Other Wonders: Papers on Lexical and Semantic Topics. Mouton de Gruyter.
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  23. Dirk Geeraerts (2010). Theories of Lexical Semantics. Oxford University Press.
    This text provides an introduction to the history and current state of theories of word meanings.
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  24. Michael Glanzberg (2007). Metaphor and Lexical Semantics. The Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 3 (1):1-47.
    This paper shows that several sorts of expressions cannot be interpreted metaphorically, including determiners, tenses, etc. Generally, functional categories cannot be interpreted metaphorically, while lexical categories can. This reveals a semantic property of functional categories, and it shows that metaphor can be used as a probe for investigating them. It also reveals an important linguistic constraint on metaphor. The paper argues this constraint applies to the interface between the cognitive systems for language and metaphor. However, the constraint does not completely (...)
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  25. Michael Glanzberg (2007). Metaphor and Lexical Semantics. Baltic International Yearbook of Cognition, Logic and Communication 3 (1).
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  26. Cliff Goddard (2000). Polysemy: A Problem of Definition. In Yael Ravin & Claudia Leacock (eds.), Polysemy: Theoretical and Computational Approaches. Oxford University Press. pp. 129--151.
  27. J. A. G. Groenendijk, Dick de Jongh & M. J. B. Stokhof (eds.) (1986). Foundations of Pragmatics and Lexical Semantics. Providence, Ri, Usa, Foris Publications ;.
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  28. Jess Gropen (1992). Affectedness and Direct Objects : The Role of Lexical Semantics in the Acquisition of Verb Argument Structure. In Beth Levin & Steven Pinker (eds.), Lexical & Conceptual Semantics. Blackwell. pp. 153-195.
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  29. Marianne Gullberg & Niclas Burenhult (2012). Probing the Linguistic Encoding of Placement and Removal Events in Swedish. In Anetta Kopecka & Bhuvana Narasimhan (eds.), Events of "Putting" and "Taking": A Crosslinguistic Perspective. John Benjamins. pp. 100--167.
  30. Donald F. Henze (1960). Are Lexical Definitions True? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 20 (3):383-388.
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  31. Dirk Heylen (1995). Lexical Functions, Generative Lexicons and the World. In Patrick Saint-Dizier & Evelyne Viegas (eds.), Computational Lexical Semantics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 125--140.
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  32. Martin Hilpert (2010). The Force Dynamics of English Complement Clauses: A Collostructional Analysis. In Dylan Glynn & Kerstin Fischer (eds.), Quantitative Methods in Cognitive Semantics: Corpus-Driven Approaches. De Gruyter Mouton. pp. 46--155.
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  33. J. R. Hobbs (2005). Toward a Useful Concept of Causality for Lexical Semantics. Journal of Semantics 22 (2):181-209.
    We do things in the world by exploiting our knowledge of what causes what. But in trying to reason formally about causality, there is a difficulty: to reason with certainty we need complete knowledge of all the relevant events and circumstances, whereas in everyday reasoning tasks we need a more serviceable but looser notion that does not make such demands on our knowledge. In this work the notion of ‘causal complex’ is introduced for a complete set of events and conditions (...)
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  34. Jerry R. Hobbs, William Croft, Todd Davies, Douglas Edwards & Kenneth Laws (1987). Commonsense Metaphysics and Lexical Semantics. Computational Linguistics 13 (3&4):241-250.
    In the TACITUS project for using commonsense knowledge in the understanding of texts about mechanical devices and their failures, we have been developing various commonsense theories that are needed to mediate between the way we talk about the behavior of such devices and causal models of their operation. Of central importance in this effort is the axiomatization of what might be called commonsense metaphysics. This includes a number of areas that figure in virtually every domain of discourse, such as granularity, (...)
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  35. Werner Hüllen & Rainer Schulze (eds.) (1988). Understanding the Lexicon: Meaning, Sense, and World Knowledge in Lexical Semantics. M. Niemeyer.
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  36. I. L. Humberstone (1984). EIKMEYER, H-J. & RIESER, H. : "Words, Worlds, and Contexts: New Approaches in Word Semantics". [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 62:197.
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  37. Mutsumi Imai & Dedre Gentner (1997). A Cross-Linguistic Study of Early Word Meaning: Universal Ontology and Linguistic Influence. Cognition 62 (2):169-200.
  38. M. Israel (1996). Polarity Sensitivity as Lexical Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 19 (6):619 - 666.
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  39. Michael Israel (1996). Scalar Implicature as Lexical Semantics. Linguistics and Philosophy 19:619-666.
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  40. Lascelles James, Make Me a Sanctuary.
    A philosophy of language that incorporates the manifestation of divinity shed liberally upon the psyche of humanity without violence or chaos as in that which is common to the powers and sovereignties of human beings is critical to the understanding of Holy Writ. The discourse presented here is primarily intended to foster a better general understanding of the divine directive given to Moses by Yahweh to build the wilderness sanctuary in order to objectify his majestic presence among them and draw (...)
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  41. Kent Johnson (2007). An Overview of Lexical Semantics. Philosophy Compass 3 (1):119-134.
    This article reviews some linguistic and philosophical work in lexical semantics. In Section 1, the general methods of lexical semantics are explored, with particular attention to how semantic features of verbs are associated with grammatical patterns. In Section 2, philosophical consequences and issues arising from this sort of research is reviewed.
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  42. D. Justice (1984). "Words, Worlds, and Contexts: New Approaches in Word Semantics", Edited by H.-J. Eikmeyer and H. Rieser. [REVIEW] Mind 93:470.
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  43. Samir Karmakar, Designing Domain Ontology: A Study in Lexical Semantics.
    Preparing a multi-purpose lexicon requires a systematic analysis of inter-conceptual relations. These relations are of two types, namely (i) syntactic and (ii) semantic, which can further be decomposed to capture the greater explanatory adequacy. But the exploration of the lexical structure becomes intricate because of the hidden dynamics of the context; since traditionally, language has been viewed as a totality of lexicon and computation system, and major emphasis has been given to the designing of the computational system, considering the designing (...)
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  44. Jerrold Katz & Jerry Fodor (1963). The Structure of a Semantic Theory. Language 39:170-210.
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  45. Paul Kay (2010). Some Facts of Seneca Kinship Semantics. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (5):388-389.
    Jones's analysis of Seneca kinship semantics gets some of the facts about close relatives wrong, and his mechanism for extending the analysis to distant relatives does not work.
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  46. Paul Kay (1975). The Generative Analysis of Kinship Semantics: A Reanalysis of the Seneca Data. Foundations of Language 13 (2):201-214.
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  47. Andrew Koontz-Garboden (2010). The Lexical Semantics of Derived Statives. Linguistics and Philosophy 33 (4):285-324.
    This paper investigates the semantics of derived statives, deverbal adjectives that fail to entail there to have been a preceding (temporal) event of the kind named by the verb they are derived from, e.g. darkened in a darkened portion of skin. Building on Gawron’s (The lexical semantics of extent verbs, San Diego State University, ms, 2009) recent observations regarding the semantics of extent uses of change of state verbs (e.g., Kim’s skin darkens between the knee and the calf) and Kennedy (...)
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  48. Adrienne Lehrer & Eva Feder Kittay (eds.) (1992). Frames, Fields, and Contrasts: New Essays in Semantic and Lexical Organization. L. Erlbaum Associates.
    Recently, there has been a surge of interest in the lexicon. The demand for a fuller and more adequate understanding of lexical meaning required by developments in computational linguistics, artificial intelligence, and cognitive science has stimulated a refocused interest in linguistics, psychology, and philosophy. Different disciplines have studied lexical structure from their own vantage points, and because scholars have only intermittently communicated across disciplines, there has been little recognition that there is a common subject matter. The conference on which this (...)
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  49. Beth Levin & Malka Rappaport Hovav (1996). Lexical Semantics and Syntactic Structure. In Shalom Lappin (ed.), The Handbook of Contemporary Semantic Theory. Blackwell Reference.
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  50. Barbara Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk (ed.) (1998). Lexical Semantics Cognition and Philosophy. Łódź University Press.
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