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  1. added 2019-01-11
    On Unjust Forms of Marriage. Comments on the Discussion on Discrimination Against Same-Sex Couples.Andrzej Waleszczyński - 2018 - Diametros 56:110-130.
    This article defends the thesis that, in light of the postulates of liberal ethics, it is not possible to put forward universal arguments in support of any form of marriage. The existing forms of marriage should be either deemed unjust or founded on specific arguments recognized within a particular political community and determining the understanding of justice in a particular society. It defends the thesis that the requirement of universality, and consequently of impartiality, is not met, since behind every form (...)
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  2. added 2018-12-31
    Public Religion & Secular State: A Kantian Approach.Mehmet Ruhi Demiray - 2017 - Diametros 54:30-55.
    This paper argues that Kant’s distinction between “civil union” and “ethical community” can be of great value in dealing with a problem that causes considerable trouble in contemporary political and social philosophy, namely the question of the normative significance and role of religion in political and social life. The first part dwells upon the third part of Kant`s Religion within the Boundaries of Mere Reason with the intention of exposing the general features of ethical community. It highlights the fact that (...)
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  3. added 2018-12-31
    Political Liberalism. Reason and Truth in Politics.Dorota Sepczyńska - 2016 - Diametros 48:105-118.
    In this article I try to prove that John Rawls, in his lectures published in _Political Liberalism_ and later works, recommended the independence of one’s world-view and politics, and that at the same time he allowed the existence of non-conflicting factual truths in politics. His reflections on the problem of truth in the political realm are closely related to his reflections on reason, not only the public one. Thus, the aim of this article is to present and analyze Rawls’ understanding (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-31
    Thomas Aquinas – Human Dignity and Conscience as a Basis for Restricting Legal Obligations.Marek Piechowiak - 2016 - Diametros 47:64-83.
    In contemporary positive law there are legal institutions, such as conscientious objection in the context of military service or “conscience clauses” in medical law, which for the sake of respect for judgments of conscience aim at restricting legal obligations. Such restrictions are postulated to protect human freedom in general. On the basis of Thomas Aquinas’ philosophy, it shall be argued that human dignity, understood as the existential perfection of a human being based on special unity, provides a foundation for imposing (...)
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  5. added 2018-12-03
    Solidarity and Justice in Health Care. A Critical Analysis of Their Relationship.Ruud ter Meulen - 2015 - Diametros 43:1-20.
    This article tries to analyze the meaning and relevance of the concept of solidarity as compared to the concept of justice. While ‘justice’ refers to rights and duties , the concept of solidarity refers to relations of personal commitment and recognition . The article wants to answer the question whether solidarity and liberal justice should be seen as mutually exclusive or whether both approaches should be regarded as complementary to each other. The paper starts with an analysis of liberal theories (...)
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  6. added 2018-10-23
    Two Liberalisms.Roderick Long - 2015 - Reason 1 (October).
  7. added 2018-10-17
    ¿Era Wittgenstein un filósofo liberal?Robert Vinten - 2018 - Analisis: Revista Colombiana de Humanidades 50 (93):461-483.
    La pregunta si Wittgenstein fue un filósofo liberal ha recibido menos atención que la de si fue un filósofo conservador, pero, como Robert Greenleaf Brice ha defendido recientemente, hay muchos indicios de liberalismo en algumas de sus observaciones, y algunos filósofos, como Richard Eldridge, han sostenido que hay un cierto tipo de liberalismo que se sigue de la filosofía de su última etapa. Richard Rorty ha sacado también conclusiones liberales a partir de la perspectiva filosófica que se basa en la (...)
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  8. added 2018-08-27
    Twilight of the Liberal Social Contract? On the Reception of Rawlsian Political Liberalism.Enzo Rossi - forthcoming - In Kelly Becker & Iain Thomson (eds.), The Cambridge History of Philosophy, 1945–2015. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    This chapter is a critical survey of the Rawlsian project of "political" or "public reason" liberalism, and of its reception. After a brief philosophical rather than philological reconstruction of political liberalism, the chapter revolves around a distinction between idealist and realist responses to that project. Focusing on political liberalism’s critical reception illuminates an overarching question: was Rawls’ revival of a contractualist approach to liberal legitimacy a fruitful move for liberalism and/or the social contract tradition? The last section contains a largely (...)
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  9. added 2018-07-12
    Democracy, Emergency, and Arbitrary Coercion: A Liberal Republican View.Nick Sagos - 2014 - Boston, MA: Brill.
    Liberal democracies deal poorly with states of emergency because they underestimate the corrosive effect of arbitrary coercion on established liberal democratic values. Far from protecting the rights of citizens, arbitrary emergency measures undermine citizens’ rights.
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  10. added 2018-07-03
    Perfectionist Public Space: A Political Philosophy Approach.Avigail Ferdman - 2018 - Space and Polity 22 (1):30-49.
    Public spaces are often sites of contention between competing conceptions of the good life. The potential for such conflicts increases in diverse societies where different ethnic, religious and cultural groups compete for space and representation in the public sphere. A paradigmatic example is the conflict between multiculturalism and conservatism towards the function and character of public spaces. A clear criterion is necessarily, in such conflicts, to determine which conception may be legitimately crowded-out, and which may prevail. The paper examines two (...)
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  11. added 2018-04-02
    A Theory of Humanity: Part 2—Conditions for True Universalism.M. Rafiqul Islam - 2017 - International Journal of Political Theory 2 (1):89-121.
    The currently used humanity model is chaotic, devoid of logic or coherence. In Part 1 of this two-part paper, we examined human traits of a scientific model in absence of ‘born sinner’ starting point. We demonstrated that the so-called ‘viceroy model’ that is characterized as scientifically sustainable can replace the existing models that are based on fear and scarcity. Part Two of the paper deals with adequate definition of moral campus that conforms to the viceroy model. In this paper, it (...)
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  12. added 2018-03-05
    Paternalism and Right.Paul Schofield - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (1):65-83.
    Typically, we think of republicans and liberals as being suspicious of paternalistic law. But in this paper, I argue that enactment of paternalistic law is actually demanded by republican and liberal values, and that enacting certain paternalistic laws is one way that the republican or liberal state performs its core function. As I explain it, this core function is to create and to maintain conditions of right-conditions of freedom, non-domination, justice, etc.-among persons capable of making legitimate second-personal claims on one (...)
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  13. added 2017-08-23
    La democracia tocquevilliana: entre el dualismo y la dialéctica de la libertad.Andrés Stark Azócar - 2016 - Estudios Filosóficos:311-322.
    For Alexis de Tocqueville, a faithful son of the Enlightenment, the priority given to the individual in the pursuit of truth represents the starting point of an inexorable march of equality towards individual autonomy. In other words, in agreement with the historicist movements of the 19th Century, Tocqueville interprets history as a dialectical progress: History understood as progress in the Hegelian sense, whose becoming unfolds in virtue of a steady and unalterable progress towards a better society-civilization as a creation of (...)
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  14. added 2017-06-30
    Eine gestische Geschichte der Grenze: Wie der Liberalismus an der Grenze an seine Grenzen kommt.Francesca Falk - 2011 - München: Fink.
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  15. added 2017-05-03
    Courting Epistemology: Legal Scholarship, the Courts, and the Rationality of Religious Belief.Jonathan Fuqua & Shannon Holzer - 2014 - Oxford Journal of Law and Religion 3 (2):195-211.
    What we here show is two-fold. First, there is in certain sectors of the legal community a trend to pronounce negatively on the epistemic credentials of religious belief: many hold that religious belief as such is simply irrational. Our second claim is simply that religious belief need not be irrational: it is perfectly possible for religious believers to have epistemically justified religious beliefs. We discuss here several implications of our two-fold claim. The most important of these is simply that religious (...)
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  16. added 2017-05-01
    A Liberal Paradox for Judgment Aggregation.Franz Dietrich & Christian List - 2008 - Social Choice and Welfare 31:59-78.
    In the emerging literature on judgment aggregation over logically connected propositions, expert rights or liberal rights have not been investigated yet. A group making collective judgments may assign individual members or subgroups with expert knowledge on, or particularly affected by, certain propositions the right to determine the collective judgment on those propositions. We identify a problem that generalizes Sen’s ‘liberal paradox’. Under plausible conditions, the assignment of rights to two or more individuals or subgroups is inconsistent with the unanimity principle, (...)
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  17. added 2017-01-12
    Civic Virtues: Rights, Citizenship, and Republican Liberalism.Richard Dagger - 1997 - New York: Oxford University Press.
  18. added 2016-10-14
    An Analysis of the Historical Application of Jihad and Implications on the Clash of Civilizations.Saad Dabbous & Jaan Islam - 2016 - International Journal of Political Theory 1 (1):70-86.
    This paper is a part-review analysis into the modern conception of both the word and Jihād and the violent nature of Islam. In order to develop an overarching modern theory of Jihād, current opinions and general argumtations in the literature are examined. Two theories have emerged in defining Islam and the role of Jihād in Islam. The first is that of the so-called Muslim apologists; scholars who define Jihād as mainly a personal struggle, and whose physical application (warfare) is only (...)
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  19. added 2016-09-18
    The Communitarian Critique of Liberalism's Individualism.Andrew Jason Cohen - 1997 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    The recent debate between liberals and their communitarian critics has reached a false plateau, with liberals conceding more than they should. After explicating the central communitarian thesis, the four ways that thesis could be understood, and the corresponding four senses of "independence," I argue that communitarians are right that liberalism requires a view of the self as 'unencumbered,' but I defend that view as superior to the alternatives. This allows me to defend true moral impartiality and universality as well as (...)
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  20. added 2016-02-11
    Climate Change, Neutrality and the Harm Principle.Augustin Fragnière - 2014 - Ethical Perspectives 21 (1):73-99.
    This paper aims at evaluating the compatibility of coercive climate policies with liberal neutrality. More precisely, it focuses on the doctrine of state neutrality as associated with the " harm principle ". It argues that given the difficulty of attributing causal responsibilities for climate harms to individuals, the harm principle doesn’t work in this case, at least if one endorses a liberal atomistic ontology. Furthermore, the definition of what constitutes climate harms implies making moral assumptions, which makes it impossible to (...)
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  21. added 2016-01-04
    Mazzini e Darwin.Rossano Pancaldi - 2009 - Il Pensiero Mazziniano 64 (1):57-75.
  22. added 2015-09-30
    Procedural Justice and Affirmative Action.Kristina Meshelski - 2016 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 19 (2):425-443.
    There is widespread agreement among both supporters and opponents that affirmative action either must not violate any principle of equal opportunity or procedural justice, or if it does, it may do so only given current extenuating circumstances. Many believe that affirmative action is morally problematic, only justified to the extent that it brings us closer to the time when we will no longer need it. In other words, those that support affirmative action believe it is acceptable in nonideal theory, but (...)
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  23. added 2015-08-31
    Fire and Ashes: Success and Failure in Politics.Mark Hannam - manuscript
    A review of Michael Ignatieff's book, 'Fire and Ashes: Success and Failure in Politics', published by Harvard University Press, 2013.
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  24. added 2015-01-14
    Liberalismo y fascismo en Ortega y Gasset / Liberalism and Fascism in Ortega y Gasset.Felipe Giménez Pérez - 2001 - El Basilisco 31:39-72.
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  25. added 2015-01-13
    Ortega y Gasset: On Being Liberal in Spain.Francisco López Frías - 1990 - In Anna-Teresa Tymiesiecka (ed.), Analecta Husserliana. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 149-166.
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  26. added 2015-01-12
    Political Liberalism and the Formative Political Elements.Fuat Gursozlu - 2014 - Review Journal of Political Philosophy 11:55-81.
  27. added 2014-10-25
    The Liberalism of Fear.Judith Shklar - 1989 - In Nancy L. Rosenblum (ed.), Liberalism and the Moral Life.
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  28. added 2014-04-10
    Chantal Mouffe's Agonistic Project: Passions and Participation.Matthew Jones - 2014 - Parallax 20 (2):14-30.
    It is Chantal Mouffe’s contention that the central weakness of consensus-driven forms of liberalism, such as John Rawls’ political liberalism and Jurgen Habermas’ deliberative democracy, is that they refuse to acknowledge conflict and pluralism, especially at the level of the ontological. Their defence for doing so is that conflict and pluralism are the result of attempts to incorporate unreasonable and irrational claims into the public political sphere. In this context, unreasonable and irrational claims are those that cannot be translated into (...)
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  29. added 2014-04-02
    Legitimacy, Democracy and Public Justification: Rawls' Political Liberalism Versus Gaus' Justificatory Liberalism.Enzo Rossi - 2014 - Res Publica 20 (1):9-25.
    Public justification-based accounts of liberal legitimacy rely on the idea that a polity’s basic structure should, in some sense, be acceptable to its citizens. In this paper I discuss the prospects of that approach through the lens of Gerald Gaus’ critique of John Rawls’ paradigmatic account of democratic public justification. I argue that Gaus does succeed in pointing out some significant problems for Rawls’ political liberalism; yet his alternative, justificatory liberalism, is not voluntaristic enough to satisfy the desiderata of a (...)
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  30. added 2014-03-30
    Rethinking Popper.Zuzana Parusniková & R. S. Cohen (eds.) - 2009 - Springer.
    In September 2007, more than 100 philosophers came to Prague with the determination to approach Karl Popper's philosophy as a source of inspiration in many areas of our intellectual endeavor. This volume is a result of that effort.
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  31. added 2014-03-24
    Essentialist Challenges to Liberal Feminism.Ruth E. Groenhout - 2002 - Social Theory and Practice 28 (1):51-75.
  32. added 2013-10-13
    Liberal Democracy.David T. Risser - 2001 - In Derek Jones (ed.), Censorship: A World Encyclopedia (vol. 3). Fitzroy Dearborn:1412-1414.
  33. added 2013-08-25
    Kantianism, Liberalism, and Feminism: Resisting Oppression.Carol Hay - 2013 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This is a book about the harms of oppression, and about addressing these harms using the resources of liberalism and Kantianism. Its central thesis is that people who are oppressed are bound by the duty of self-respect to resist their own oppression. In it, I defend certain core ideals of the liberal tradition—specifically, the fundamental importance of autonomy and rationality, the intrinsic and inalienable dignity of the individual, and the duty of self-respect—making the case that these ideals are pivotal in (...)
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  34. added 2012-04-08
    The Neutral State and the Mandatory Crucifix.Roland Pierik & Wibren van der Burg - 2011 - Religion and Human Rights 6 (3):259–264.
    In this article we present a conceptual overview of relevant interpretations of what state neutrality may imply; we suggest a distinction between inclusive neutrality and exclusive neutrality. This distinction provides a useful framework for understanding the several positions as presented by the parties in the Lautsi case. We conclude by suggesting a solution of the Lautsi case that might provide a more viable solution.
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  35. added 2011-09-05
    Book Review:Democratic Individuality. Alan Gilbert. [REVIEW]Richard Ashcraft - 1992 - Ethics 102 (3):660-.
  36. added 2011-08-16
    For-Profit Business as Civic Virtue.Jason Brennan - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (3):313-324.
    According to the commonsense view of civic virtue, the places to exercise civic virtue are largely restricted to politics. In this article, I argue for a more expansive view of civic virtue, and argue that one can exercise civic virtue equally well through working for or running a for-profit business. I argue that this conclusion follows from four relatively uncontroversial premises: (1) the consensus definition of “civic virtue”, (2) the standard, most popular theory of virtuous activity, (3) a conception of (...)
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  37. added 2011-06-23
    Review of Abigail Levin, The Cost of Free Speech: Pornography, Hate Speech, and Their Challenge to Liberalism[REVIEW]Susan Dwyer - 2011 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2011 (2).
  38. added 2011-04-08
    Liberalism, Communitarianism, and Asocialism.Andrew J. Cohen - 2000 - Journal of Value Inquiry 34 (2/3):249-261.
    In this paper I look at three versions of the charge that liberalism’s emphasis on individuals is detrimental to community—that it encourages a pernicious disregard of others by fostering a particular understanding of the individual and the relation she has with her society. According to that understanding, individuals are fundamentally independent entities who only enter into relations by choice and society is seen as nothing more than a venture voluntarily entered into in order to better oneself. Communitarian critics argue that (...)
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  39. added 2010-11-17
    The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy.David Estlund (ed.) - 2012 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This volume includes 22 new pieces by leaders in the field on both perennial and emerging topics of keen interest to contemporary political philosophers.
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  40. added 2010-11-16
    Classical Liberalism.Jason Brennan & John Tomasi - 2012 - In David Estlund (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Political Philosophy. Oxford University Press, Usa. pp. 115.
  41. added 2010-11-16
    Just War Theory, Political Liberalism, and Non-Combatant Immunity.Leonard Kahn - 2010 - Theoretical and Applied Ethics.
    The is a brief response to Matthew Bruenig's "Rethinking Noncombatant Immunity." I argue, contra Bruenig, that political liberalism does not raise any special problems for the view that non-combatants should not be directly targeted by another country's military.
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  42. added 2010-07-03
    Liberalism, Modernity, and Communal Being. [REVIEW]Enzo Rossi - 2010 - Imprints: Egalitarian Theory and Practice 10 (3):257-264.
    A critical discussion of Toula Nicolacopoulos' 'The Radical Critique of Liberalism'. I analyse her methodology of 'critical reconstructionism' and argue that considerations about the epistemic status of the inquiring practices leading to the formulation of liberal political theory need not affect the viability and desirability of liberal political practice, especially if we adopt a historically-informed realist account of the foundations of liberalism.
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  43. added 2009-07-03
    Popper's Communitarianism.Jeff Kochan - 2009 - In Zuzana Parusniková & Robert S. Cohen (eds.), Rethinking Popper (Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science 272). Springer. pp. 287--303.
    In this chapter, I argue that Karl Popper was a communitarian philosopher. This will surprise some readers. Liberals often tout Popper as one of their champions. Indeed, there is no doubt that Popper shared much in common with liberals. However, I will argue that Popper rejected a central, though perhaps not essential, pillar of liberal theory, namely, individualism. This claim may seem to contradict Popper's professed methodological individualism. Yet I argue that Popper was a methodological individualist in name only. In (...)
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