Life Support

Edited by Craig Paterson (Complutense University of Madrid, Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi University)
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99 found
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1 — 50 / 99
  1. added 2019-01-11
    In Defense of Brain Death: Replies to Don Marquis, Michael Nair-Collins, Doyen Nguyen, and Laura Specker Sullivan.John P. Lizza - 2018 - Diametros 55:68-90.
    In this paper, I defend brain death as a criterion for determining death against objections raised by Don Marquis, Michael Nair-Collins, Doyen Nguyen, and Laura Specker Sullivan. I argue that any definition of death for beings like us relies on some sortal concept by which we are individuated and identified and that the choice of that concept in a practical context is not determined by strictly biological considerations but involves metaphysical, moral, social, and cultural considerations. This view supports acceptance of (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-09
    Śmierć mózgowa – zmiana w rozumieniu człowieka?Jacek Meller - 2018 - Diametros 56:151-156.
    Review of the book: Człowiek na granicy istnienia. Dyskusje o śmierci mózgowej i innych aspektach umierania, Grzegorz Hołub, Piotr Duchliński, Akademia Ignatianum w Krakowie, Wydawnictwo WAM, Kraków 2017.
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  3. added 2018-12-21
    Solidarity in Healthcare – the Challenge of Dementia.Aleksandra Małgorzata Głos - 2016 - Diametros 49:1-26.
    Dementia will soon be ranked as the world’s largest economy. At present, it ranges from the 16th to 18th place, with countries such as Indonesia, the Netherlands, and Turkey. Dementia is not only a financial challenge, but also a philosophical one. It provokes a paradigm shift in the traditional view of healthcare and expands the classic concepts of human personhood and autonomy. A promising response to these challenges is the idea of cooperative solidarity. Cooperative solidarity, contrary to its ‘humanitarian’ version, (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-21
    Ethical Issues Related to End of Life Treatment in Patients with Advanced Dementia – The Case of Artificial Nutrition and Hydration.Esther-Lee Marcus, Ofra Golan & David Goodman - 2016 - Diametros 50:118-137.
    Patients with advanced dementia suffer from severe cognitive and functional impairment, including eating disorders. The focus of our research is on the issue of life-sustaining treatment, specifically on the social and ethical implications of tube feeding. The treatment decision, based on values of life and dignity, involves sustaining lives that many people consider not worth living. We explore the moral approach to caring for these patients and review the history of the debate on artificial nutrition and hydration showing the impact (...)
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  5. added 2018-12-21
    Polemical Note: Can It Be Unethical to Provide Nutrition and Hydration to Patients with Advanced Dementia?Rachel Haliburton - 2016 - Diametros 50:152-160.
    Patients suffering from advanced dementia present ethicists and caregivers with a difficult issue: we do not know how they feel or how they want to be treated, and they have no way of telling us. We do not know, therefore, whether we ought to prolong their lives by providing them with nutrition and hydration, or whether we should not provide them with food and water and let them die. Since providing food and water to patients is considered to be basic (...)
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  6. added 2018-01-15
    Two Ways to Kill a Patient.Ben Bronner - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (1):44-63.
    According to the Standard View, a doctor who withdraws life-sustaining treatment does not kill the patient but rather allows the patient to die—an important distinction, according to some. I argue that killing can be understood in either of two ways, and given the relevant understanding, the Standard View is insulated from typical criticisms. I conclude by noting several problems for the Standard View that remain to be fully addressed.
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  7. added 2017-09-04
    Advance Directives and the Descendant Argument.Jukka Varelius - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (1):1-11.
    By issuing an advance treatment directive, an autonomous person can formally express what kinds of treatment she wishes and does not wish to receive in case she becomes ill or injured and unable to autonomously decide about her treatment. While many jurisdictions and medical associations endorse them, advance treatment directives have also been criticized. According to an important criticism, when a person irreversibly loses her autonomy what she formerly autonomously desired ceases to be of importance in deciding about her treatment. (...)
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  8. added 2017-07-17
    You Should Not Have Let Your Baby Die.Gary Comstock - 2017 July 12 - New York Times.
    Sam, your newborn son, has been suffocating in your arms for the past 15 minutes. You’re as certain as you can be that he is going to die in the next 15.
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  9. added 2017-02-14
    Late Lessons From Auschwitz–is There Anything More to Learn for the 21st Century?J. Norelle Lickiss - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2):137-137.
    SIRA conference of philosophy of medicine in Crakow, August 2000, offered the opportunity to visit Auschwitz—an offer reluctantly accepted by the author who had two decades ago, spent some months in Israel, cried at Dachau, treated many holocaust survivors, and counts among close friends and colleagues persons profoundly affected by Auschwitz and associated activities. Surely, the visit would be simply a mark of respect, and an episode of further personal grieving maybe, but not enlightenment. This was not the case.The lasting (...)
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  10. added 2017-02-13
    Reasons Behind Providing Futile Medical Treatments in Iran.Maryam Aghabarary & Nahid Dehghan Nayeri - 2017 - Nursing Ethics 24 (1):33-45.
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  11. added 2017-02-13
    A Feminist Utilitarian Perspective on Euthanasia: From Nancy Crick to Terri Schiavo.Gail Tulloch - 2005 - Nursing Inquiry 12 (2):155-160.
  12. added 2017-02-08
    Biopolitics, Terri Schiavo, and the Sovereign Subject of Death.J. P. Bishop - 2008 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 33 (6):538-557.
    Humanity does not gradually progress from combat to combat until it arrives at universal reciprocity, where the rule of law finally replaces warfare; humanity installs each of its violences in a system of rules and thus proceeds from domination to domination. (Foucault, 1984, 85)In this essay, I take a note from Michel Foucault regarding the notion of biopolitics. For Foucault, biopolitics has both repressive and constitutive properties. Foucault's claim is that with the rise of modern government, the state became exceedingly (...)
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  13. added 2017-02-07
    The Terri Schiavo Case : Biopolitics, Biopower, and Privacy as Singularity.John Protevi - 2009 - In Rosi Braidotti, Claire Colebrook & Patrick Hanafin (eds.), Deleuze and Law: Forensic Futures. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  14. added 2017-02-07
    The Challenge of Terri Schiavo: Lessons for Bioethics.T. Koch - 2005 - Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (7):376-378.
    This essay reviews a range of issues arising from the complex case of Terri Schiavo and the lessons the case raises for bioethicists. It argues that embedded in the case is a broader controversy than is immediately evident, one involving the definitions by which bioethics judge cases of extreme physical and psychological limits, in its principled form of address. Further, it argues that bioethicists who assume the issues involved in the case are settled miss the point of the emotional responses (...)
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  15. added 2017-02-07
    Late Lessons From Auschwitz-is There Anything More to Learn for the 21st Century?P. J. N. Lickiss - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (2):137-137.
    SIRA conference of philosophy of medicine in Crakow, August 2000, offered the opportunity to visit Auschwitz—an offer reluctantly accepted by the author who had two decades ago, spent some months in Israel, cried at Dachau, treated many holocaust survivors, and counts among close friends and colleagues persons profoundly affected by Auschwitz and associated activities. Surely, the visit would be simply a mark of respect, and an episode of further personal grieving maybe, but not enlightenment. This was not the case.The lasting (...)
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  16. added 2017-01-28
    The Legacy of Terri Schiavo for the Nonreligious.Nat Hentoff - 2005 - Free Inquiry 25.
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  17. added 2017-01-27
    The Total Artificial Heart and the Dilemma of Deactivation.Ben Bronner - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (4):347-367.
    It is widely believed to be permissible for a physician to discontinue any treatment upon the request of a competent patient. Many also believe it is never permissible for a physician to intentionally kill a patient. I argue that the prospect of deactivating a patient’s artificial heart presents us with a dilemma: either the first belief just mentioned is false or the second one is. Whichever horn of the dilemma we choose has significant implications for contemporary medical ethics.
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  18. added 2017-01-26
    Science, Ethics, and Politics: The Case of Avastin.Franklin G. Miller & Steven Joffe - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (5):5-5.
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  19. added 2017-01-26
    The Afterlife of Terri Schiavo.J. Finnis & Nd Schiff - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (4).
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  20. added 2017-01-26
    Terri Schiavo and the Catholic Connection.Rita L. Marker - 2004 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 4 (3):555-569.
  21. added 2017-01-26
    Saying Goodbye: The Terri Schiavo Case.M. Christopher - 2002 - Bioethics Forum 19 (1-2):37-40.
  22. added 2017-01-25
    On 25 February 1990, Terri Schiavo, 26 Years of Age, Collapsed in the Hall of Her Apartment and Experienced Severe Hypoxia for Several Minutes. She Had Not Executed a Living Will or a Durable Power of Attorney. Four Months After Her. [REVIEW]Joshua E. Perry, Larry R. Churchill & Howard S. Kirshner - forthcoming - Bioethics.
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  23. added 2017-01-25
    Terri Schiavo.Walter Block - 2010 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 22 (1):527-536.
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  24. added 2017-01-25
    What Can Anthropology Contribute to the Terri Schiavo Debate?Barbara Koenig - 2006 - Bioethics Examiner 9.
  25. added 2017-01-24
    Schiavo: A Hard Case Makes Questionable Law.Rebecca Dresser - 2004 - Hastings Center Report 34 (3):8-9.
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  26. added 2017-01-21
    Nothing's Settled.Sandra H. Johnson - 2011 - Hastings Center Report 41 (1):50-51.
    Lois Shepherd's book If That Ever Happens to Me: Making Life and Death Decisions after Terri Schiavo demonstrates a great appreciation for the unresolved conflicts over end-of-life care revealed by the Schiavo case. Through detailed analysis, this book debunks the claim that the controversy defied an established consensus concerning the appropriateness of withdrawing medically administered nutrition and hydration. Arguments that settled legal standards provided a stalwart framework for that consensus failed to appreciate the variations and limitations of those norms. Shepherd (...)
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  27. added 2017-01-21
    If That Ever Happens to Me: Making Life and Death Decisions After Terri Schiavo.James L. Werth - 2010 - Ethics and Behavior 20 (5):402-404.
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  28. added 2017-01-21
    How the Public Responded to the Schiavo Controversy: Evidence From Letters to Editors.E. Racine, M. Karczewska, M. Seidler, R. Amaram & J. Illes - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):571-573.
    The history and genesis of major public clinical ethics controversies is intimately related to the publication of opinions and responses in media coverage. To provide a sample of public response in the media, this paper reports the results of a content analysis of letters to editors published in the four most prolific American newspapers for the Schiavo controversy. Opinions expressed in the letters sampled strongly supported the use of living wills and strongly condemned public attention to the case as well (...)
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  29. added 2017-01-21
    What I Learned From Schiavo.Gerald S. Witherspoon - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (6):17-20.
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  30. added 2017-01-21
    A Review Of: “Mary and Robert Schindler, Suzanne Schindler Vitadamo, and Bobby Schindler. A Life That Matters: The Legacy of Terri Schiavo–A Lesson For Us All”. [REVIEW]Kathy Cerminara - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):57-59.
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  31. added 2017-01-21
    Terri Schiavo: Rest in Peace.Charles Weijer - unknown
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  32. added 2017-01-21
    A Death in the Family: Reflections on the Terri Schiavo Case.Charles Weijer - unknown
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  33. added 2017-01-19
    The Schiavo Case: Jurisprudence, Biopower, and Privacy as Singularity.John Protevi - manuscript
    The Terri Schiavo case, the latest high-profile “right-to-die” case in the United States, whose denouement saturated the US mediasphere at the end of March 2005, is a particularly complex problem in the Deleuzean sense. Its solution, which took more than 15 years, actualized lines from legal, medical, biological, political … multiplicities. The ellipses indicate the impossibility of completely delimiting the forces at work in any case (the virtual as endless differentiation) just as it indicates the necessity of cutting through them (...)
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  34. added 2017-01-18
    A Clean Well Lighted Place: In Search of Food Ethics in the 21st Century Grocery Store.Glenn McGee - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):1 – 2.
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  35. added 2017-01-18
    Erring on the Side of Theresa Schiavo:.Jay Wolfson - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):16-19.
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  36. added 2017-01-18
    The Schiavo Case:.Eric J. Cassell - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):22-23.
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  37. added 2017-01-18
    Schiavo's Legacy:.Rebecca Dresser - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):20-22.
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  38. added 2017-01-18
    The Afterlife of Terri Schiavo.Joseph Fins & Nicholas D. Schiff - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (4):8-8.
  39. added 2017-01-17
    Reflections on the Terri Schiavo Case.Stephen M. Krason - 2006 - Catholic Social Science Review 11:347-351.
    This article presents reflections on the Terri Schiavo starvation case: the public confusion about the facts of the case, the ethical and legal principles governing it, the modern philosophical trends that led to it, the failure of all three branches of government to properly address it, the authority of the Florida governor and the President to intervene to save Terri Schiavo, and how the case illustrated a gross and outrageous lack of political will.
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  40. added 2016-11-08
    Active and Passive Physician‐Assisted Dying and the Terminal Disease Requirement.Jukka Varelius - 2016 - Bioethics 30 (9):663-671.
    The view that voluntary active euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide should be made available for terminal patients only is typically warranted by reference to the risks that the procedures are seen to involve. Though they would appear to involve similar risks, the commonly endorsed end-of-life practices referred to as passive euthanasia are available also for non-terminal patients. In this article, I assess whether there is good reason to believe that the risks in question would be bigger in the case of voluntary (...)
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  41. added 2016-11-08
    Refusing Life-Saving Treatment, Adaptive Preferences, and Autonomy.Jukka Varelius - 2013 - In Juha Räikkä & Jukka Varelius (eds.), Adaptation and Autonomy: Adaptive Preferences in Enhancing and Ending Life. Springer. pp. 183--197.
    Consider a case of a patient receiving life-supporting treatment. With appropriate care the patient could be kept alive for several years. Yet his latest prognosis also indicates that his mental abilities will deteriorate significantly and that ultimately he will become incapable of understanding what happens around and to him. Despite his illness, the patient has been eager to live. However, he finds the prospect that he is now faced with devastating. He undergoes an unconscious process that results in his finding (...)
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  42. added 2016-09-02
    The Case for Reasonable Accommodation of Conscientious Objections to Declarations of Brain Death.L. Syd M. Johnson - forthcoming - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    Since its inception in 1968, the concept of whole-brain death has been contentious, and four decades on, controversy concerning the validity and coherence of whole-brain death continues unabated. Although whole-brain death is legally recognized and medically entrenched in the United States and elsewhere, there is reasonable disagreement among physicians, philosophers, and the public concerning whether brain death is really equivalent to death as it has been traditionally understood. A handful of states have acknowledged this plurality of viewpoints and enacted “conscience (...)
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  43. added 2015-11-21
    Mental Illness, Natural Death, and Non-Voluntary Passive Euthanasia.Jukka Varelius - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-14.
    When it is considered to be in their best interests, withholding and withdrawing life-supporting treatment from non-competent physically ill or injured patients – non-voluntary passive euthanasia, as it has been called – is generally accepted. A central reason in support of the procedures relates to the perceived manner of death they involve: in non-voluntary passive euthanasia death is seen to come about naturally. When a non-competent psychiatric patient attempts to kill herself, the mental health care providers treating her are obligated (...)
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  44. added 2015-11-19
    Dignità della morte tra eutanasia e medicina palliativa.Rosangela Barcaro - 2007 - In P. Giustiniani & P. Becchi (eds.), La vita tra invenzione e senso. Per una teoresi della bioetica. Graf. pp. 185-199.
    This paper explores the issue of dying with dignity in relation with euthanasia and palliative medicine.
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  45. added 2015-10-02
    A Misunderstanding Concerning Futility.Tommaso Bruni & Charles Weijer - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):59-60.
    It is a comment on Geppert about the concept of futility in cases of treatment-resistant anorexia nervosa.
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  46. added 2015-06-25
    The Significance of a Wish.Felicia Ackerman - 1991 - Hastings Center Report 21 (4):27-29.
  47. added 2015-06-16
    Qui décide de la dignité de mourir? [Who decides the dignity of dying?].Rosangela Barcaro - 2015 - Arc En Ciel. La Revue de Nouveaux Droits de L’Homme (74):16-17.
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  48. added 2015-06-15
    Struggling with the Fragility of Life: A Relational-Narrative Approach to Ethics in Palliative Nursing.Tineke A. Abma - 2005 - Nursing Ethics 12 (4):337-348.
    In nursing ethics the role of narratives and dialogue has become more prominent in recent years. The purpose of this article is to illuminate a relational-narrative approach to ethics in the context of palliative nursing. The case study presented concerns a difficult relationship between oncology nurses and a husband whose wife was hospitalized with cancer. The husband’s narrative is an expression of depression, social isolation and the loss of hope. He found no meaning in the process of dying and death. (...)
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  49. added 2015-04-30
    A. Scola, Quale vita? La bioetica in questione. [REVIEW]R. Barcaro - 2000 - Epistemologia 23 (1):179-180.
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  50. added 2015-03-24
    Schiavo's Legacy: The Need for an Objective Standard.Rebecca Dresser - 2005 - Hastings Center Report 35 (3):20-22.
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