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  1. Tineke A. Abma (2005). Struggling with the Fragility of Life: A Relational-Narrative Approach to Ethics in Palliative Nursing. Nursing Ethics 12 (4):337-348.
    In nursing ethics the role of narratives and dialogue has become more prominent in recent years. The purpose of this article is to illuminate a relational-narrative approach to ethics in the context of palliative nursing. The case study presented concerns a difficult relationship between oncology nurses and a husband whose wife was hospitalized with cancer. The husband’s narrative is an expression of depression, social isolation and the loss of hope. He found no meaning in the process of dying and death. (...)
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  2. Felicia Ackerman (1991). The Significance of a Wish. Hastings Center Report 21 (4):27-29.
  3. Sami Alsolamy (2014). Islamic Views on Artificial Nutrition and Hydration in Terminally Ill Patients. Bioethics 28 (2):96-99.
    Withholding and withdrawing artificial nutrition and hydration from terminally ill patients poses many ethical challenges. The literature provides little information about the Islamic beliefs, attitudes, and laws related to these challenges. Artificial nutrition and hydration may be futile and reduce quality of life. They can also harm the terminally ill patient because of complications such as aspiration pneumonia, dyspnea, nausea, diarrhea, and hypervolemia. From the perspective of Islam, rules governing the care of terminally ill patients are derived from the principle (...)
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  4. George J. Annas (1991). The Long Dying of Nancy Cruzan. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 19 (1-2):52-59.
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  5. Joachim Asscher (2007). Killing and Letting Die: The Similarity Criterion. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (3):271–282.
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  6. R. Barcaro (2000). A. Scola, Quale vita? La bioetica in questione. [REVIEW] Epistemologia 23 (1):179-180.
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  7. Rosangela Barcaro (2015). Qui décide de la dignité de mourir? [Who decides the dignity of dying?]. Arc En Ciel. La Revue de Nouveaux Droits de L’Homme (74):16-17.
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  8. Rosangela Barcaro (2007). Dignità della morte tra eutanasia e medicina palliativa. In P. Giustiniani & P. Becchi (eds.), La vita tra invenzione e senso. Per una teoresi della bioetica. Graf. pp. 185-199.
    This paper explores the issue of dying with dignity in relation with euthanasia and palliative medicine.
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  9. Ines M. Barrio-Cantalejo, Pablo Simón-Lorda, Adoración Molina-Ruiz, Fátima Herrera-Ramos, Encarnación Martínez-Cruz, Rosa Maria Bailon-Gómez, Antonio López-Rico & Patricia Peinado Gorlat (2013). Stability Over Time in the Preferences of Older Persons for Life-Sustaining Treatment. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 10 (1):103-114.
    Objective: To measure the stability of life-sustaining treatment preferences amongst older people and analyse the factors that influence stability. Design: Longitudinal cohort study. Setting: Primary care centres, Granada (Spain). Eighty-five persons age 65 years or older. Participants filled out a questionnaire with six contexts of illness (LSPQ-e). They had to decide whether or not to receive treatment. Participants completed the questionnaire at baseline and 18 months later. Results: 86 percent of the patients did not change preferences. Sex, age, marital status, (...)
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  10. Michael K. Bartalos (ed.) (2009). Speaking of Death: America's New Sense of Mortality. Praeger.
    As the team in this volume shows through groundbreaking research, surveys, interviews, and vignettes, death awareness has grown strong, and has changed the way ...
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  11. John Baum (2003). When Death Enters Life. Floris.
  12. Ernest Becker (1973). The Denial of Death. New York: Free Press.
    Drawing from religion and the human sciences, particularly psychology after Freud, the author attempts to demonstrate that the fear of death is man's central ...
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  13. Francis J. Beckwith (2013). Stephen W. Smith: End-of-Life Decisions in Medical Care: Principles and Policies for Regulating the Dying Process. [REVIEW] Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 34 (6):499-504.
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  14. Samuel C. M. Birch (2013). The Dead Donor Rule: A Defense. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 38 (4):426-440.
    Miller, Truog, and Brock have recently argued that the “dead donor rule,” the requirement that donors be determined to be dead before vital organs are procured for transplantation, cannot withstand ethical scrutiny. In their view, the dead donor rule is inconsistent with existing life-saving practices of organ transplantation, lacks a cogent ethical rationale, and is not necessary for maintenance of public trust in organ transplantation. In this paper, the second of these claims will be evaluated. (The first and third are (...)
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  15. James Bopp & Thomas J. Marzen (1991). Cruzan: Facing the Inevitable. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 19 (1-2):37-51.
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  16. Joseph Boyle (2004). Medical Ethics and Double Effect: The Case of Terminal Sedation. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (1):51-60.
    The use of terminal sedation to control theintense discomfort of dying patients appearsboth to be an established practice inpalliative care and to run counter to the moraland legal norm that forbids health careprofessionals from intentionally killingpatients. This raises the worry that therequirements of established palliative care areincompatible with moral and legal opposition toeuthanasia. This paper explains how thedoctrine of double effect can be relied on todistinguish terminal sedation from euthanasia. The doctrine of double effect is rooted inCatholic moral casuistry, but (...)
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  17. Tommaso Bruni & Charles Weijer (2015). A Misunderstanding Concerning Futility. American Journal of Bioethics 15 (7):59-60.
    It is a comment on Geppert about the concept of futility in cases of treatment-resistant anorexia nervosa.
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  18. Michael M. Burgess (1993). The Medicalization of Dying. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):269-279.
    Physician assisted suicide or active euthanasia is analyzed as a medicalization of the needs of persons who are suffering interminably. As with other medicalized responses to personal needs, the availability of active euthanasia will likely divert attention and resources from difficult social and personal aspects of the needs of dying and suffering persons, continuing the pattern of privatization of the costs of caregiving for persons who are candidates for active euthanasia, limiting the ability of caregivers to assist suffering persons to (...)
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  19. Norman L. Cantor (2001). Twenty-Five Years After Quinlan: A Review of the Jurisprudence of Death and Dying. [REVIEW] Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 29 (2):182-196.
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  20. Arthur L. Caplan & Edward J. Bergman (2007). Beyond Schiavo. Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (4):340.
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  21. Alexander Morgan Capron (1991). Medical Decision-Making and the Right to Die After Cruzan. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 19 (1-2):5-8.
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  22. Vanessa Carbonell (2013). Interactive Capacity, Decisional Capacity, and a Dilemma for Surrogates. AJOB Neuroscience 4 (4):36-37.
    In “Conscientious of the Conscious: Interactive Capacity as a Threshold Marker for Consciousness” (2013), Fischer and Truog argue that recent studies showing that some patients diagnosed as being in a vegetative state are in fact in a minimally conscious state raise various ethical questions for clinicians and family members. I argue that these findings raise a further ethical dilemma about how and whether to seek the involvement of the minimally conscious person herself in decisions about her care. There may be (...)
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  23. Eric J. Cassell (2005). The Schiavo Case:. Hastings Center Report 35 (3):22-23.
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  24. Kathy Cerminara (2006). A Review Of: “Mary and Robert Schindler, Suzanne Schindler Vitadamo, and Bobby Schindler. A Life That Matters: The Legacy of Terri Schiavo–A Lesson For Us All”. [REVIEW] American Journal of Bioethics 6 (5):57-59.
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  25. Kathy L. Cerminara (2010). The Schiavo Maelstrom's Potential Impact on the Law of End-of-Life Decision Making. In Kenneth W. Goodman (ed.), The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics, Politics, and Death in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
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  26. Donald Coggan (1977). On Dying and Dying Well. Royal Society of Medicine.
    The idea of a happy death is one that startles and disgusts modern man. However, although that phrase is not often used today, that is what the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr Donald Coggan, is to some extent considering in his Edwin Stevens lecture given to the Royal Society of Medicine. We are publishing extracts from that lecture by kind permission of the President of the Royal Society of Medicine. We have chosen those passages in the lecture which discuss the limits (...)
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  27. Cynthia B. Cohen & Peter J. Cohen (1992). Required Reconsideration of "Do-Not-Resuscitate" Orders in the Operating Room and Certain Other Treatment Settings. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 20 (4):354-363.
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  28. Felicia Cohn (1999). The Ethics of End-of-Life Care for Prison Inmates. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 27 (3):252-259.
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  29. Ronald E. Cranford (2010). A Common Uniqueness : Medical Facts in the Schiavo Case. In Kenneth W. Goodman (ed.), The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics, Politics, and Death in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
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  30. Ezio Di Nucci (2013). Withdrawing Artificial Nutrition and Patients' Interests. Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (9):555-556.
    I argue that the arguments brought by Counsel for M to the English Court of Protection are morally problematic in prioritising subjective interests that are the result of ‘consistent autonomous thought’ over subjective interests that are the result of a more limited cognitive perspective.
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  31. John Donnelly (ed.) (1994). Language, Metaphysics, and Death. Fordham University Press.
    This standard work in thanatology is updated with ten essays new to the second edition, and features a new introduction by Donnelly. The collection addresses certain basic issues inherent in a philosophy of death.
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  32. Rebecca Dresser, Schiavo and Contemporary Myths About Dying.
    When the Schiavo case burst onto the national scene, most of us assumed that everyone would see the case as we did. But instead, Schiavo showed that U.S. pluralism was alive and well in decisions about life-sustaining treatment. Schiavo demonstrated, too, that at least some of this pluralism reflects misguided myths about human life and death. In this essay, I examine the myths that Schiavo exposed. One such myth is that death with dignity is easily attainable in modern America, as (...)
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  33. Rebecca Dresser (2005). Schiavo's Legacy: The Need for an Objective Standard. Hastings Center Report 35 (3):20-22.
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  34. Rebecca Dresser (2005). Schiavo's Legacy:. Hastings Center Report 35 (3):20-22.
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  35. Nancy Neveloff Dubler (2007). ""Commentary on" Beyond Schiavo": Beyond Theory. Journal of Clinical Ethics 18 (4):346.
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  36. Gerald Dworkin (2007). Pt. IV. The End of Life. The Definition of Death / Stuart Youngner ; The Aging Society and the Expansion of Senility: Biotechnological and Treatment Goals / Stephen Post ; Death is a Punch in the Jaw: Life-Extension and its Discontents / Felicia Nimue Ackerman ; Precedent Autonomy, Advance Directives, and End-of-Life Care / John K. Davis ; Physician-Assisted Death: The State of the Debate. [REVIEW] In Bonnie Steinbock (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Bioethics. Oxford University Press.
  37. Jon B. Eisenberg (2010). The Continuing Assault on Personal Autonomy in the Wake of the Schiavo Case. In Kenneth W. Goodman (ed.), The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics, Politics, and Death in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
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  38. Joseph Fins & Nicholas D. Schiff (2005). The Afterlife of Terri Schiavo. Hastings Center Report 35 (4):8-8.
  39. Kenneth W. Goodman (2010). Terri Schiavo and the Culture Wars : Ethics Vs. Politics. In The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics, Politics, and Death in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
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  40. Jacqulyn Kay Hall (2005). After Schiavo. Jona's Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 7 (3):94-98.
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  41. Michael S. Jastremski (1984). Death and Dying: Reflections of an Intensivist. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (2).
    The prolonged life support of individuals with no hope for recovery has been an unfortunate consequence of recent advances in medical technology. The use of intensive therapy in such patients is contrary to the physician's obligation to relieve suffering and also creates an enormous economic burden for society. Once the physician has determined that there is no hope for a meaningful recovery, it becomes ethically correct for him to withhold or withdraw intensive therapy from that patient provided that such an (...)
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  42. L. Syd M. Johnson (forthcoming). The Case for Reasonable Accommodation of Conscientious Objections to Declarations of Brain Death. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry:1-11.
    Since its inception in 1968, the concept of whole-brain death has been contentious, and four decades on, controversy concerning the validity and coherence of whole-brain death continues unabated. Although whole-brain death is legally recognized and medically entrenched in the United States and elsewhere, there is reasonable disagreement among physicians, philosophers, and the public concerning whether brain death is really equivalent to death as it has been traditionally understood. A handful of states have acknowledged this plurality of viewpoints and enacted “conscience (...)
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  43. L. Syd M. Johnson (2011). The Right to Die in the Minimally Conscious State. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (37):175-178.
    The right to die has for decades been recognised for persons in a vegetative state, but there remains controversy about ending life-sustaining medical treatment for persons in the minimally conscious state (MCS). The controversy is rooted in assumptions about the moral significance of consciousness, and the value of life for patients who are conscious and not terminally ill. This paper evaluates these assumptions in light of evidence that generates concerns about quality of life in the MCS. It is argued that (...)
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  44. Sandra H. Johnson (2011). Nothing's Settled. Hastings Center Report 41 (1):50-51.
    Lois Shepherd's book If That Ever Happens to Me: Making Life and Death Decisions after Terri Schiavo demonstrates a great appreciation for the unresolved conflicts over end-of-life care revealed by the Schiavo case. Through detailed analysis, this book debunks the claim that the controversy defied an established consensus concerning the appropriateness of withdrawing medically administered nutrition and hydration. Arguments that settled legal standards provided a stalwart framework for that consensus failed to appreciate the variations and limitations of those norms. Shepherd (...)
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  45. Guy Kahane & Julian Savulescu (2009). Brain-Damaged Patients and the Moral Significance of Consciousness. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 34 (1):6-26.
    Neuroimaging studies of brain-damaged patients diagnosed as in the vegetative state suggest that the patients might be conscious. This might seem to raise no new ethical questions given that in related disputes both sides agree that evidence for consciousness gives strong reason to preserve life. We question this assumption. We clarify the widely held but obscure principle that consciousness is morally significant. It is hard to apply this principle to difficult cases given that philosophers of mind distinguish between a range (...)
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  46. Eugeniusz Kośmicki (2002). -Shaping Globalization- A Challenge for 21st Century Ethics and Politics. Dialogue and Universalism 11 (3):39-54.
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  47. M. Krason Stephen (2006). Reflections on the Terri Schiavo Case. Catholic Social Science Review 11:347-351.
    This article presents reflections on the Terri Schiavo starvation case: the public confusion about the facts of the case, the ethical and legal principles governing it, the modern philosophical trends that led to it, the failure of all three branches of government to properly address it, the authority of the Florida governor and the President to intervene to save Terri Schiavo, and how the case illustrated a gross and outrageous lack of political will.
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  48. Glenn McGee (2007). A Clean Well Lighted Place: In Search of Food Ethics in the 21st Century Grocery Store. American Journal of Bioethics 7 (10):1 – 2.
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  49. Lawrence J. Nelson (2010). Disability Rights and Wrongs in the Terri Schiavo Case. In Kenneth W. Goodman (ed.), The Case of Terri Schiavo: Ethics, Politics, and Death in the 21st Century. Oxford University Press.
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  50. Edmund D. Pellegrino (1988). For the Patient's Good: The Restoration of Beneficence in Health Care. Oxford University Press.
    In this companion volume to their 1981 work, A Philosophical Basis of Medical Practice, Pellegrino and Thomasma examine the principle of beneficence and its role in the practice of medicine. Their analysis, which is grounded in a thorough-going philosophy of medicine, addresses a wide array of practical and ethical concerns that are a part of health care decision-making today. Among these issues are the withdrawing and withholding of nutrition and hydration, competency assessment, the requirements for valid surrogate decision-making, quality-of-life determinations, (...)
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