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  1. Locke, Pyrard, and Coconuts: Travel Literature As Natural History.Patrick J. Connolly - manuscript
    Locke had a lifelong love of travel literature. He was also a proponent of the construction of natural histories. Many commentators have noted that there is a close link between these two interests. They suggest that data gleaned from travel literature was used in the construction of natural histories. This paper uses Locke’s reading of François Pyrard’s Voyage to argue that the relationship between the two genres was closer than has been realized. Specifically, it is argued that Pyrard’s discussion of (...)
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  2. Locke and the Methodology of Newton's Principia.Patrick J. Connolly - forthcoming - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie.
    A number of commentators have recently suggested that there is a puzzle surrounding Locke’s acceptance of Newton’s Principia. On their view, Locke understood natural history as the primary methodology for natural philosophy and this commitment was at odds with an embrace of mathematical physics. This article considers various attempts to address this puzzle and finds them wanting. It then proposes a more synoptic view of Locke’s attitude towards natural philosophy. Features of Locke’s biography show that he was deeply interested in (...)
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  3. The Idea of Power and Locke's Taxonomy of Ideas.Patrick J. Connolly - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (1):1-16.
    Locke's account of the idea of power is thought to be seriously problematic. Commentators allege that the idea of power causes problems for Locke's taxonomy of ideas, that it is defined circularly, and that, contrary to Locke's claims, it cannot be acquired in experience. This paper defends Locke's account. Previous commentators have assumed that there is only one idea of power. But close attention to Locke's text, combined with background features of his theory of ideas, supports the drawing of a (...)
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  4. Lockean Superaddition and Lockean Humility.Patrick J. Connolly - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 51:53-61.
    This paper offers a new approach to an old debate about superaddition in Locke. Did Locke claim that some objects have powers that are unrelated to their natures or real essences? The question has split commentators. Some (Wilson, Stuart, Langton) claim the answer is yes and others (Ayers, Downing, Ott) claim the answer is no. This paper argues that both of these positions may be mistaken. I show that Locke embraced a robust epistemic humility. This epistemic humility includes ignorance of (...)
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  5. Locke’s Problem Concerning Perceptual Error.Antonia Lolordo - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (3):705-724.
    This paper argues that Locke cannot provide a satisfactory account of perceptual error.
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  6. Nicholas Wolterstorff, John Locke and the Ethics of Belief Reviewed By.Peter A. Schouls - 1996 - Philosophy in Review 16 (6):444-446.
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  7. Locke's Simple Account of Sensitive Knowledge.Smalligan Marušić Jennifer - 2016 - Philosophical Review 125 (2):205-239.
    Locke seems to hold that we have knowledge of the existence of external objects through sensation. Two problems face Locke's account. The first problem concerns the logical form of knowledge of real existence. Locke defines knowledge as the perception of the agreement or disagreement between ideas. However, perceiving agreements between ideas seems to yield knowledge only of analytic truths, not propositions about existence. The second problem concerns the epistemic status of sensitive knowledge: How could the senses yield certain knowledge? This (...)
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  8. Tetens und Wolff.Achim Vesper - 2014 - In Udo Thiel & Gideon Stiening (eds.), Johann Nikolaus Tetens : Philosophie in der Tradition des Europäischen Empirismus. De Gruyter. pp. 27-44.
Locke: Skepticism
  1. HOFSTADTER, A. -Locke and Scepticism. [REVIEW]R. I. Aaron - 1936 - Mind 45:258.
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  2. Locke and Sensitive Knowledge.Keith Allen - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (2):249-266.
    Locke Defines Knowledge at the beginning of Book IV of the Essay concerning Human Understanding as “the perception of the connexion and agreement, or disagreement and repugnancy of any of our Ideas” (E IV.i.2).1 So defined, knowledge varies along two dimensions. On the one hand, there are four “sorts” of knowledge: of identity or diversity; relation; co-existence or necessary connection; and real existence. On the other hand, there are three “degrees” of knowledge: intuitive knowledge, which consists in the “immediate” perception (...)
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  3. Locke on the Knowledge of Material Things.Robert Fendel Anderson - 1965 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 3 (2):205-215.
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  4. Knowledge of the External World.Bruce Aune - 1991 - Routledge.
    Many philosophers believe that the traditional problem of our knowledge of the external world was dissolved by Wittgestein and others. They argue that it was not really a problem - just a linguistic `confusion' that did not actually require a solution. Bruce Aune argues that they are wrong. He casts doubt on the generally accepted reasons for putting the problem aside and proposes an entirely new approach. By considering the history of the problem from Descartes to Kant, Aune shows that (...)
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  5. Locke and the Skeptical Argument for Toleration.Sam Black - 2007 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 24 (4):355-375.
  6. Toleration and the Skeptical Inquirer in Locke.Sam Black - 1998 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):473 - 504.
  7. Symposium: Locke and the Veil of Perception Guest Editor: Vere Chappell - Comments.V. Chappell - unknown
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  8. Symposium: Locke and the Veil of Perception Preface.Vere Chappell - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):243–244.
    This symposium comprises five papers on Locke's theory of sense perception. The authors are John Rogers, Gideon Yaffe, Lex Newman, Tom Lennon, and Martha Bolton. There are also comments on the papers, both individually and as a group, by Vere Chappell. In addition to Locke's view of perception, the papers deal with the nature of Lockean ideas and with the question whether Locke is committed to skepticism regarding the external world. The authors (and the commentator) disagree in their readings of (...)
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  9. Yolton and Rorty on the Veil of Ideas in Locke.Peter Dlugos - 1996 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 13 (3):317 - 329.
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  10. Locke's 'Constructive Skepticism' -- A Reappraisal.M. Jamie Ferreira - 1986 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 24 (2):211-222.
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  11. L'existence Des choses hors de nous comme objet de connaissance : Locke, "essay", IV, XI.Denis Forest - 2003 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 193 (4):421 - 433.
    Locke distingue : la connaissance intuitive (par exemple celle de mon existence), la connaissance rationnelle (par exemple de Dieu) et la connaissance sensitive. C'est par celle-ci que nous accédons à la connaissance des « autres choses ». Or on peut se demander comment le sens peut être à la fois juge et témoin. En fait, pour Locke, notre connaissance des choses hors de nous a une « fiabilité effective », mais ce n'en est pas une connaissance parfaite, laquelle nous est (...)
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  12. Locke and Scepticism.Albert Hofstadter - 1936 - Philosophical Review 45:632.
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  13. Locke and Scepticism.S. P. L. & Albert Hofstadter - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (24):662.
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  14. Locke's Theory of Sensitive Knowledge.Henry G. Van Leeuwen - 1981 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 19 (2):254-255.
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  15. Locke's Problem Concerning Perceptual Error.Antonia Lolordo - 2008 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 77 (3):705-724.
    Locke claims that we have sensitive knowledge of the external world, in virtue of the fact that simple ideas are real, true, and adequate. However, despite his dismissive remarks about Cartesian external-world skepticism, Locke gives us little to go on as to how knowledge of the external world survives the fact of perceptual error, or even how perceptual error is possible. I argue that Locke has an in-principle problem explaining perceptual error.
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  16. Locke on Clear Ideas, Demonstrative Knowledge, and the Existence of Substance.Ruth Mattern - 1983 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 8 (1):259-271.
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  17. A Note on Locke and the Knowledge of Material Things.George Henry Moulds - 1966 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 4 (4):325-325.
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  18. Sensitive Knowledge: Locke on Sensation and Skepticism.Jennifer Nagel - 2016 - In Matthew Stuart (ed.), Blackwell Companion to Locke. Malden, MA, USA: Wiley Blackwell. pp. 313-333.
    In the Essay Concerning Human Understanding, Locke insists that all knowledge consists in perception of the agreement or disagreement of ideas. However, he also insists that knowledge extends to outer reality, claiming that perception yields ‘sensitive knowledge’ of the existence of outer objects. Some scholars have argued that Locke did not really mean to restrict knowledge to perceptions of relations within the realm of ideas; others have argued that sensitive knowledge is not strictly speaking a form of knowledge for Locke. (...)
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  19. Locke on Sensitive Knowledge and the Veil of Perception – Four Misconceptions.Lex Newman - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):273–300.
    Interpreters of Locke’s Essay are divided over whether to attribute to him a Representational Theory of Perception (RTP). Those who object to an RTP interpretation cite (among other things) Locke’s Book IV account of sensitive knowledge, contending that the account is incompatible with RTP. The aim of this paper is to rebut this kind of objection – to defend an RTP reading of the relevant Book IV passages. Specifically, I address four influential assumptions (about sensitive knowledge) cited by opponents of (...)
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  20. Skepticism: An Anthology.Richard H. Popkin, Maia Neto & José Raimundo (eds.) - 2007 - Prometheus Books.
    Plato -- Pyrrho -- The academics -- Sextus empiricus -- Augustine -- Erasmus -- Gianfrancesco Pico -- Hervet -- Montaigne -- Charron -- Sanchez -- Bacon -- Gassendi -- La Mothe le Vayer -- Descartes -- Pascal -- Glanvill -- Foucher -- Huet -- Locke -- Bayle -- Leibniz -- Crousaz -- Berkeley -- Ramsay -- Hume -- Voltaire -- Diderot -- Rousseau -- Kant -- Schulze -- Stäudlin -- Hegel -- Kierkegaard -- Nietzsche -- James -- Santayana -- Shestov (...)
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  21. Locke: Knowledge of the External World.Matthew Priselac - 2015
    Locke: Knowledge of the External World The problem of how we can know the existence and nature of the world external to our mind is one of the oldest and most difficult in philosophy. The discussion by John Locke of knowledge of the external world have proved to be some of the most confusing … Continue reading Locke: Knowledge of the External World →.
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  22. Degrees of Certainty and Sensitive Knowledge: Reply to Soles.Samuel C. Rickless - 2015 - Locke Studies 15.
  23. Locke on Knowledge of Existence.Nathan Rockwood - 2016 - Locke Studies 16:41-68.
    The standard objection to Locke’s epistemology is that his conception of knowledge inevitably leads to skepticism about external objects. One reason for this complaint is that Locke defines knowledge as the perception of a relation between ideas, but perceiving relations between ideas does not seem like the kind of thing that can give us knowledge that tables and chairs exist. Thus Locke’s general definition of knowledge seems to be woefully inadequate for explaining knowledge of external objects. However, this interpretation and (...)
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  24. Is Sensitive Knowledge 'Knowledge'?Nathan Rockwood - 2013 - Locke Studies 13:15-30.
    In this paper I argue that Locke takes sensitive knowledge (i.e. knowledge from sensation) to be genuine knowledge that material objects exist. Samuel Rickless has recently argued that, for Locke, sensitive knowledge is merely an “assurance”, or a highly probable judgment that falls short of certainty. In reply, I show that Locke sometimes uses “assurance” to describe certain knowledge, and so the use of the term “assurance” to describe sensitive knowledge does not entail that it is less than certain. Further, (...)
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  25. Locke's Account of the Reality of Knowledge.David E. Soles - 1984 - Southwest Philosophy Review 1:42-54.
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  26. Locke on Sensitive Knowledge as Knowledge.Scott Stapleford - 2009 - Theoria 75 (3):206-231.
    This article is an extended analysis of the most recent scholarly work on Locke's account of sensitive knowledge. Lex Newman's "dual cognitive relations" model of sensitive knowledge is examined in detail. The author argues that the dual cognitive relations model needs to be revised on both philosophical and historical grounds. While no attempt is made to defend Locke's position, the aim is to show that it is at least consistent, contrary to the received view. The final section provides textual support (...)
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  27. Zagadnienie sceptycyzmu w kontekście wpływu myśli Locke\'a na filozofię Berkeleya'.Piotr K. Szałek - 2010 - Roczniki Filozoficzne 58 (1):229-245.
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  28. Locke's Writings and Philosophy Historically Considered, and Vindicated From the Charge of Contributing to the Scepticism of Hume.Edward Tagart - 1855
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  29. Locke's Representationalism Without Veil.Yasuhiko Tomida - 2005 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 13 (4):675 – 696.
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  30. Locke's Reply to the Skeptic.Shelley Weinberg - 2013 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 94 (3):389-420.
    Given his representationalism how can Locke claim we have sensitive knowledge of the external world? We can see the skeptic as asking two different questions: how we can know the existence of external things, or more specifically how we can know inferentially of the existence of external things. Locke's account of sensitive knowledge, a form of non-inferential knowledge, answers the first question. All we can achieve by inference is highly probable judgment. Because Locke's theory of knowledge includes both first order (...)
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  31. Locke on Ideas of Substance and the Veil of Perception.Gideon Yaffe - 2004 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):255–272.
Locke: Judgment
  1. Locke et le savoir de probabilité.François Duchesneau - 1972 - Dialogue 11 (2):185-203.
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  2. The Lockean Thesis and the Logic of Belief.James Hawthorne - 2009 - In Franz Huber & Christoph Schmidt-Petri (eds.), Degrees of Belief. Synthese Library: Springer. pp. 49--74.
    In a penetrating investigation of the relationship between belief and quantitative degrees of confidence (or degrees of belief) Richard Foley (1992) suggests the following thesis: ... it is epistemically rational for us to believe a proposition just in case it is epistemically rational for us to have a sufficiently high degree of confidence in it, sufficiently high to make our attitude towards it one of belief. Foley goes on to suggest that rational belief may be just rational degree of confidence (...)
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  3. Locke on Faith and Reason.Nicholas Jolley - 2007 - In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press.
  4. Leibniz, Bayle, and Locke on Faith and Reason.Paul Lodge & Ben Crowe - 2002 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 76 (4):575-600.
    This paper illuminates Leibniz’s conception of faith and its relationship to reason. Given Leibniz’s commitment to natural religion, we might expect his view of faith to be deflationary. We show, however, that Leibniz’s conception of faith involves a significant non-rational element. We approach the issue by considering the way in which Leibniz positions himself between the views of two of his contemporaries, Bayle and Locke. Unlike Bayle, but like Locke, Leibniz argues that reason and faith are in conformity. Nevertheless, in (...)
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  5. Locke's Concept of Religious Assent.J. T. Moore - 1977 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 8 (2):25-30.
  6. Locke on Judgment.David Owen - 2007 - In Lex Newman (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Locke's "Essay Concerning Human Understanding". Cambridge University Press.
    Locke usually uses the term “judgment” in a rather narrow but not unusual sense, as referring to the faculty that produces probable opinion or assent.2 His account is explicitly developed in analogy with knowledge, and like knowledge, it is developed in terms of the relation various ideas bear to one another. Whereas knowledge is the perception of the agreement or disagreement of any of our ideas, judgment is the presumption of their agreement or disagreement. Intuitive knowledge is the immediate perception (...)
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  7. Locke and Hume on Belief, Judgment and Assent.David Owen - 2003 - Topoi 22 (1):15-28.
    Hume's account of belief has been much reviled, especially considered as an account of what it is to assent to or judge a proposition to be true. In fact, given that he thinks that thoughts about existence can be composed of a single idea, and that relations are just complex ideas, it might be wondered whether he has an account of judgment at all. Nonetheless, Hume was extremely proud of his account of belief, discussing it at length in the Abstract, (...)
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  8. Degrees of Certainty and Sensitive Knowledge: Reply to Soles.Samuel C. Rickless - 2015 - Locke Studies 15.
  9. Locke on Judgement and Religious Toleration.Maria van der Schaar - 2012 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 20 (1):41 - 68.
    With the publication of Locke?s early manuscripts on toleration and the drafts for the Essay, it is possible to understand to what extent Locke?s ideas on religious toleration have developed. Although the important arguments for toleration can already be found in these early texts, Locke was confronted with a problem in his defence of toleration that he needed to solve. If faith, as a form of judgement, is involuntary, as Locke claims, how can one be held accountable for the faith (...)
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  10. Association, Madness, and the Measures of Probability in Locke and Hume.John Wright - 1987 - In Christopher Fox (ed.), Psychology and Literature in the Eighteenth Century. New York: AMS Press. pp. 103-28.
    This paper argues for the importance of Chapter 33 of Book 2 of Locke's _Essay Concerning Human Understanding_ ("Of the Association of Ideas) both for Locke's own philosophy and for its subsequent reception by Hume. It is argued that in the 4th edition of the Essay of 1700, in which the chapter was added, Locke acknowledged that many beliefs, particularly in religion, are not voluntary and cannot be eradicated through reason and evidence. The author discusses the origins of the chapter (...)
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Locke: Knowledge
  1. Locke and Sensitive Knowledge.Keith Allen - 2013 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 51 (2):249-266.
    Locke Defines Knowledge at the beginning of Book IV of the Essay concerning Human Understanding as “the perception of the connexion and agreement, or disagreement and repugnancy of any of our Ideas” (E IV.i.2).1 So defined, knowledge varies along two dimensions. On the one hand, there are four “sorts” of knowledge: of identity or diversity; relation; co-existence or necessary connection; and real existence. On the other hand, there are three “degrees” of knowledge: intuitive knowledge, which consists in the “immediate” perception (...)
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