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  1. added 2020-05-28
    Carnap's Principle of Tolerance.Alan Richardson & Dan Isaacson - 1994 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 68 (1):67 - 83.
    I see the perspective of Tolerance as enshrining an attitude toward philosophical work that stresses its continuity with the procedures of conceptual clarification through mathematisation found in the sciences. What I have tried to show is that Carnap's understanding of the philosophical foundations of mathematics is inseparable from his understanding of the business of philosophy of empirical science.
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  2. added 2020-05-07
    An Introduction to Logical Positivism: The Viennese Formulation of the Verifiability Principle.Alberto Oya - manuscript
    The verifiability principle was the characteristic claim of a group of thinkers who called themselves the Vienna Circle and who formed the philosophical movement now known as logical positivism. The verifiability principle is an empiricist criterion of meaning which declares that only statements that are verifiable by —i.e., logically deducible from— observational statements are cognitively meaningful. -/- This essay is a short introduction to the philosophical movement of logical positivism and its formulation of the verifiability principle. Its primary aim is (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-13
    What’s Right with a Syntactic Approach to Theories and Models?Sebastian Lutz - 2010 - Erkenntnis (S8):1-18.
    Syntactic approaches in the philosophy of science, which are based on formalizations in predicate logic, are often considered in principle inferior to semantic approaches, which are based on formalizations with the help of structures. To compare the two kinds of approach, I identify some ambiguities in common semantic accounts and explicate the concept of a structure in a way that avoids hidden references to a specific vocabulary. From there, I argue that contrary to common opinion (i) unintended models do not (...)
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  4. added 2020-04-01
    The Place of Historiography in the Network of Logical Empiricism.Fons Dewulf - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review 30 (2):1-25.
    In this paper I investigate how intellectual problems concerning an epistemology of history and a historical view of knowledge played a role in the network of logical empiricist philosophers between 1930 and 1945. Specifically, I focus on the practical efforts of Hans Reichenbach and Otto Neurath to incorporate these intellectual stakes concerning history. I argue that Reichenbach was mainly concerned with creating more institutional space for scientific philosophy. Consequently, he was interested in determining his relation to historically oriented philosophy on (...)
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  5. added 2020-02-29
    The American Reception of Logical Positivism: First Encounters.Sander Verhaegh - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science.
    This paper reconstructs the American reception of logical positivism in the early 1930s. I argue that Moritz Schlick (who had visiting positions at Stanford and Berkeley between 1929 and 1932) and Herbert Feigl (who visited Harvard in the 1930-31 academic year) played a crucial role in promoting the *Wissenschaftliche Weltauffassung*, years before members of the Vienna Circle, the Berlin Group, and the Lvov-Warsaw school would seek refuge in the United States. Building on archive material from the Wiener Kreis Archiv, the (...)
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  6. added 2020-02-12
    A Research for the Consequences of the Vienna Circle Philosophy for Ethics. By W. F. Zuurdeeg. (Utrecht, Kemink En Zoon N.V. Pp. 244. No Price Stated.).George E. Hughes - 1947 - Philosophy 22 (83):280-282.
  7. added 2020-02-11
    The Vienna Circle: The Origin of Neo-Positivism. Victor Kraft.Leonard Linsky - 1953 - Philosophy of Science 20 (4):342-342.
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  8. added 2020-02-11
    Le Développement du Cercle de Vienne Et l'Avenir de l'Empirisme Logique.Charles W. Morris - 1936 - Philosophy of Science 3 (4):542-543.
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  9. added 2020-01-23
    Scientism, Social Praxis, and Overcoming Metaphysics: A Debate Between Logical Empiricism and the Frankfurt School.Andreas Vrahimis - forthcoming - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 10 (2).
  10. added 2020-01-23
    The Vienna Circle’s Responses to Lebensphilosophie.Andreas Vrahimis - forthcoming - Logique Et Analyse.
  11. added 2019-12-22
    Teaching & Learning Guide For: The Analytic/Synthetic Distinction.Gillian Russell - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (1):273-276.
    Readings, topics, and suggestions for a course on the analytic/synthetic distinction.
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  12. added 2019-11-19
    El Círculo de Viena. Una nota histórica.David Villena Saldaña - 2014 - Analítica 8 (8):123-130.
    This paper gives a historical overview of the rise and fall of the Vienna Circle. It also explains its philosophical roots, methodological principles, the scientific world-conception it promoted, and how it influenced later generations of philosophers.
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  13. added 2019-11-08
    What Does It Mean to Orient Oneself in Science? On Ernst Mach’s Pragmatic Epistemology.Pietro Gori - 2019 - In Friedrich Stadler (ed.), Ernst Mach - Life, Work, Influence. Dordrecht, Paesi Bassi: Springer. pp. 525-536.
    The paper aims to investigate some aspects of Ernst Mach’s epistemology in the light of the problem of human orientation in relation to the world (Weltorientierung), which is a main topic of Western philosophy since Kant. As will be argued, Mach has been concerned with that problem, insofar as he developed an original pragmatist epistemology. In order to support my argument, I firstly investigate whether Mach defended a nominalist or a realist account of knowledge and compare his view to those (...)
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  14. added 2019-11-08
    Angélique Groß. Die Bildpädagogik Otto Neuraths: Methodische Prinzipien der Darstellung von Wissen. Cham: Springer, 2015. Pp. xii+288. €89.99. [REVIEW]Başak Aray - 2019 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 9 (1):198-201.
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  15. added 2019-11-08
    Reichenbach’s Disease and Mirowski’s Theory of Knowledge? Or, Will to Power as Philosophy of Science.Alan Richardson - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (4):744-753.
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  16. added 2019-11-08
    ‘The Tenacious, Malleable, Indefatigible, and Yet, Eternally Modifiable Will’: Hans Reichenbach’s Knowing Subject.Alan W. Richardson - 2005 - Proceedings of Aristotelian Society 79:73 -- 87.
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  17. added 2019-11-08
    Knowledge and Reality: An Essay in Positive Philosophy Paolo Parrini.Thomas Uebel - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (2):407-411.
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  18. added 2019-11-08
    Toward a History of Scientific Philosophy.A. Richardson - 1997 - Perspectives on Science-Historical Philosophical and Social 5 (3):418--451.
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  19. added 2019-11-08
    The Hans Reichenbach Correspondence—An Overview.Saul Traiger - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:501-510.
    The Hans Reichenbach Collection, part of the Archives of Twentieth Century Philosophy of Science, is located at the University of Pittsburgh. In the past few years work on the recently acquired Hans Reichenbach Collection has resulted in a useful research source. A great deal of organizational work on the collection has now been completed, and the correspondence is open to study by interested scholars. What follows is an overview of the correspondence catalogued in the collection. All of the information recorded (...)
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  20. added 2019-11-08
    Observation and Theory in Science [by] Ernest Nagel, Sylvain Bromberger [and] Adolf Grünbaum. With an Introd. By Stephen F. Barker. [REVIEW]Ernest Nagel, Sylvain Bromberger & Adolf Grünbaum - 1971 - Johns Hopkins University Press.
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  21. added 2019-11-08
    Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Volume II. In Honour of Philipp Frank. Edited by Robert S. Cohen and Marx W. Wartofsky. Proceedings of the Boston Colloquium for the Philosophy of Science, 1962–1964. New York: Humanities Press. Pp. Xxxiv + 475. 1965. $9.75. [REVIEW]Wolfe Mays - 1967 - British Journal for the History of Science 3 (3):304-304.
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  22. added 2019-11-08
    "Ernest Nagel", The Structure of Science. [REVIEW]Vincent E. Smith - 1962 - Dialogue 1 (2):202.
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  23. added 2019-11-08
    Frank's Philosophy of Science Revisited.F. James Rutherford - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):183-186.
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  24. added 2019-11-08
    Note on Philipp Frank's Interpretation of Science.Owen Potter - 1951 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (5):58-60.
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  25. added 2019-11-08
    The Rise of Scientific PhilosophyHans Reichenbach.W. H. Werkmeister - 1951 - Isis 42 (3):277-278.
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  26. added 2019-10-21
    Language, Truth, and Logic and the Anglophone Reception of the Vienna Circle.Andreas Vrahimis - unknown - In Adam Tamas Tuboly (ed.), The Historical and Philosophical Significance of Ayer’s Language, Truth and Logic. Hampshire: Palgrave.
  27. added 2019-10-21
    The Brentano School and the History of Analytic Philosophy: Reply to Röck.Andreas Vrahimis - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (3):363-374.
    In ‘Brentano’s Methodology as a Path through the Divide’, Röck makes two related claims. Röck argues that there exists a philosophical dilemma between description and logical analysis, and that the current divide between continental phenomenology and analytic philosophy may be seen as a consequence of the dilemma. Röck further argues that Brentano’s work integrates description and logical analysis in a way which ‘can provide a suitable starting point for an equally successful integration of these methods in contemporary philosophy’. Without disputing (...)
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  28. added 2019-10-21
    Modernism and the Vienna Circle's Critique of Heidegger.Andreas Vrahimis - 2012 - Critical Quarterly 54 (3):61-83.
  29. added 2019-10-03
    Reflections on Kurt Gödel. [REVIEW]James Franklin - 1991 - History of European Ideas 13 (5):637-638.
    A review of Hao Wang's Reflections on Kurt Goedel, emphasising Goedel's reaction against his Vienna Circle background.
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  30. added 2019-09-30
    From Cautious Enthusiasm to Profound Disenchantment - Ernest Nagel and Carnapian Logical Empiricism.Thomas Mormann - manuscript
    The global relation between logical empiricism and American pragmatism is one of the more difficult problems in history of philosophy. In this paper I’d like to take a local perspective and concentrate on the details that concern the vicissitudes of a philosopher who played an important role in the encounter of logical empiricism and American pragmatism, namely, Ernest Nagel. In this paper, I want to explore some aspects of Nagel’s changing attitude towards the then „new“ logical-empiricist philosophy. In the beginning (...)
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  31. added 2019-09-09
    Carnap’s Turn to the Thing Language.Ansten Klev - 2018 - Philosophia Scientiæ. Travaux d'Histoire Et de Philosophie des Sciences 22:179-198.
    Les contributions de Carnap au Congrès de 1935 marquent un triple changement dans sa philosophie: son tournant sémantique; ce qui sera appelé plus tard « la libéralisation de l’empirisme»; et son adoption du « langage des choses» comme base du langage de la science. C’est ce troisième changement qui est examiné ici. On s’interroge en particulier sur les motifs qui ont poussé Carnap à adopter le langage des choses comme langage protocolaire de la science unifiée et sur les vertus de (...)
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  32. added 2019-08-19
    Rejecting Semantic Truth: On the Significance of Neurath’s Syntacticism.Derek Anderson - 2019 - In Adam Tuboly & Jordi Cat (eds.), Neurath Reconsidered: New Sources and Perspectives. Springer Verlag.
    This chapter presents a thorough analysis of Neurath’s physicalist syntacticism. It explores connections between syntacticism and other elements of Neurath’s philosophy such as the unity of science and the sociological imperative of empiricism. It also defends the intelligibility of syntacticism. Finally, the case is made that Neurath’s fear of semantics was warranted: logical empiricism was undermined to a large extent by the widespread acceptance of semantics.
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  33. added 2019-07-26
    Review of Working From Within: The Nature and Development of Quine’s Naturalism, by Sander Verhaegh. New York, US: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. Xi + 218. $66.60. [REVIEW]Ali Hossein Khani - 2020 - The Philosophical Quarterly 70:210–212.
  34. added 2019-06-06
    The Left Vienna Circle, Part 1. Carnap, Neurath, and the Left Vienna Circle Thesis.Sarah S. Richardson - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (1):14-24.
    Recent scholarship resuscitates the history and philosophy of a ‘left wing’ in the Vienna Circle, offering a counterhistory to the conventional image of analytic philosophy as politically conformist. This paper disputes the historical claim that early logical empiricists developed a political philosophy of science. Though some individuals in the Vienna Circle, including Rudolf Carnap and Otto Neurath, believed strongly in the importance of science to social progress, they did not construct a political philosophy of science. Both Carnap and Neurath were (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    Logical Empiricism in North America. [REVIEW]Jean Leroux - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (2):391-393.
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Les propositions invérifiables ont-elles un sens?: Probabilité, action et signification chez Hans Reichenbach.Alexis Bienvenu - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (1):45-67.
    RÉSUMÉ: En 1938, Hans Reichenbach soutenait, dans Experience and Prediction, que la théorie de la signification défendue par le positivisme logique, à savoir le «verificationnisme strict», n’avait pas réussi à formuler un critère satisfaisant de la signification cognitive des énoncés. Il le remplaça par un critère purement probabiliste qui lui permettait de restaurer la connexion pragmatique entre le langage et l’action. Mais de sérieuses difficultés grèvent la justification de cette théorie. Le but de cet article est de se pencher sur (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-06
    Les Propositions Invérifiables Ont-Elles Un Sens? Probabilité, Action Et Signification Chez Hans Reichenbach: Dialogue.Alexis Bienvenu - 2006 - Dialogue 45 (1):45-67.
    ABSTRACT Hans Reichenbach argued in Experience and Prediction that the theory of meaning defended by Logical Positivism, i.e., “strict verificationism,” failed to give a relevant criterion for cognitive meaningfulness. He replaces it with a wholly probabilistic criterion that allows us to establish a pragmatic connection between language and action. But serious difficulties arise in the justification of his theory. The aim of this article is to assess some of these difficulties and to indicate a way to solve them in a (...)
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Otto Neurath, the Vienna Circle and the Austrian Tradition: Thomas E. Uebel.Thomas E. Uebel - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:249-269.
    It is one of the distinctive claims of Neurath, though not of the Vienna Circle generally, that the Vienna Circle's philosophy was not really German philosophy at all. The relation is, if Neurath is to be trusted, anything but straight-forward. To understand it, not only must some effort be expended on specifying Neurath's claim, but also on delineating the different party-lines within the Vienna Circle.
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  39. added 2019-06-06
    Wesley Salmon and Gereon Wolters, Eds., Logic, Language, and the Structure of Scientific Theories. Proceedings of the Carnap-Reichenbach Centennial, University of Konstanz, 21-24 May 1991. [REVIEW]Alexander Rueger - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (4):286-287.
  40. added 2019-06-06
    Rediscovering the Forgotten Vienna Circle: Thomas E. Uebel (Ed.), Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 133 (Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1991), Xii+ 326 Pp. ISBN 0-7923-1276-7 Cloth Dfl. 175.00/$99.00/£ 59.00.Danilo Zolo - 1993 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 24 (3):477-484.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    Review of Reflexive Epistemology: The Philosophical Legacy of Otto Neurath by Danilo Zolo; D. McKie. [REVIEW]Richard Creath - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (2):359-360.
  42. added 2019-06-06
    Neurath's Programme for Naturalistic Epistemology.Thomas E. Uebel - 1991 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 22 (4):623-646.
    I examine the thesis that Otto Neurath anticipated the programme of naturalised epistemology already at the time of the Vienna Circle and consider the relation between Neurath's proposals and those of two contemporary theorists whose research programmes he would thus have broadly anticipated. The thesis is confirmed by reference to Neurath's own writings. The connection between Neurath's programme and the programmes of his two successors considered here, however, is found to be highly indirect in one case and nonexistent in the (...)
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    Selected Papers on Epistemology and Physics. [REVIEW]M. M. E. - 1979 - Review of Metaphysics 32 (3):552-553.
    Though Béla von Juhos belonged to a Hungarian family, he was born in Vienna and, after his ninth year, lived there for the rest of his life. Though associated with the Vienna Circle, he did not assume a teaching position in Vienna until 1948. The present collection, ably translated by Paul Foulkes and introduced by Gerhard Frey, focuses on the type of epistemological analysis of scientific knowledge that remained Juhos’s abiding concern. By the mid-nineteen-thirties the pristine positivism of the early (...)
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  44. added 2019-06-06
    Otto Neurath1.J. W. N. Watkins - 1974 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 25 (4):343-352.
  45. added 2019-06-06
    The Metaphysics of Logical Positivism. Hinshaw - 1955 - Philosophy of Science 22 (2):166-167.
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  46. added 2019-06-05
    Paolo Parrini, Wesley C. Salmon, and Merrilee H. Salmon , Logical Empiricism: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press , 396pp., $49.95. [REVIEW]Richard Creath - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (4):623-626.
    With its seventeen papers roughly evenly divided between European and American scholars, Logical Empiricism is a welcome addition to the rapidly growing literature on that movement. It both broadens and deepens our understanding of the logical empiricists themselves. It shows their work often to have been continuous with that of more modern figures. And it explores from a variety of perspectives the connections both between science and philosophy and between the study of historical figures and problems and the ongoing systematic (...)
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  47. added 2019-06-05
    Logical Positivism. A. J. Ayer. Johnstone Jr - 1961 - Philosophy of Science 28 (1):95-96.
  48. added 2019-06-05
    An Examination of Logical Positivism. Julius Rudolph Weinberg.Milton R. Konvitz - 1937 - Philosophy of Science 4 (2):285-287.
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  49. added 2019-03-27
    Revisiting Hempel’s 1942 Contribution to the Philosophy of History.Fons Dewulf - 2018 - Journal of the History of Ideas 79 (3):385-406.
    This paper situates Carl Hempel's 1942 paper "The Function of General Laws in History" within a broader debate over the philosophy of history in American academia between 1935 and 1943. I argue that Hempel's paper was directed against German neo-Kantianism, and show how the German debate over historiography continued between 1939 and 1943 in the context of New York through the contributions of German philosophers who operated in the same intellectual network as Hempel, namely Paul Oskar Kristeller and Edgar Zilsel. (...)
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  50. added 2019-03-27
    "Was There a Sun Before Men Existed?": A. J. Ayer and French Philosophy in the Fifties.Andreas Vrahimis - 2013 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 1 (9).
    In contrast to many of his contemporaries, A. J. Ayer was an analytic philosopher who had sustained throughout his career some interest in developments in the work of his ‘continental’ peers. Ayer, who spoke French, held friendships with some important Parisian intellectuals, such as Camus, Bataille, Wahl and Merleau-Ponty. This paper examines the circumstances of a meeting between Ayer, Merleau-Ponty, Wahl, Ambrosino and Bataille, which took place in 1951 at some Parisian bar. The question under discussion during this meeting was (...)
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