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  1. 18. “Unanswered Quibbles with Fractional Reserve Free Banking”.Philipp Bagus & & David Howden - unknown
    In this article we reply to George Selgin’s counterarguments to our article “Fractional Reserve Free Banking: Some Quibbles”. Selgin regards holding cash as saving while we focus on the real savings necessary to maintain investment projects. Real savings are unconsumed real income. Variations in real savings are not [...].
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  2. The Crisis of 2008: Lessons for and From Economics.Daron Acemoglu - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2-3):185-194.
    ABSTRACT The financial crisis is, in part, an embarrassment for economic theory. Economists tended to think that severe business cycles had been conquered; that free markets require no regulations to constrain self?interest; and that large, established companies could be trusted to monitor their own behavior so as to preserve their reputational capital. These three beliefs have proved to be inaccurate. On the other hand, economists justifiably believe that as a process of creative destruction, capitalism requires institutions that allow for innovation (...)
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  3. Causes of the Financial Crisis.V. Acharya Viral & M. Richardson - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2).
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  4. Causes of the Financial Crisis.Viral V. Acharya & Matthew Richardson - 2009 - Critical Review 21 (2-3):195-210.
    ABSTRACT Why did the popping of the housing bubble bring the financial system?rather than just the housing sector of the economy?to its knees? The answer lies in two methods by which banks had evaded regulatory capital requirements. First, they had temporarily placed assets?such as securitized mortgages?in off?balance?sheet entities, so that they did not have to hold significant capital buffers against them. Second, the capital regulations also allowed banks to reduce the amount of capital they held against assets that remained on (...)
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  5. Comment on Fried on Getting What We Don't Deserve.Bruce A. Ackerman - 1983 - Social Philosophy and Policy 1 (1):60.
    I hope to persuade Charles Fried to think again about his developing views on distributive justice. Since I live at a certain remove from Cambridge, the best I can offer is a hypothetical dialogue with an imaginary person whose views seem, to me at least, of a Friedian inspiration. My central question deals with the way Fried establishes his rights to things he candidly concedes he does not deserve. To present my problems, I shall begin with a simpler case than (...)
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  6. What is Neutral About Neutrality?Bruce A. Ackerman - 1982 - Ethics 93 (2):372-390.
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  7. American Economic Progress,".Entrepreneurial Activity - 1979 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 3.
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  8. Is the Common Law a Free-Market Solution to Pollution?Jonathan H. Adler - 2012 - Critical Review 24 (1):61-85.
    Whereas conventional analyses characterize environmental problems as examples of market failure, proponents of free-market environmentalism (FME) consider the problem to be a lack of markets and, in particular, a lack of enforceable and exchangeable property rights. Enforcing property rights alleviates disputes about, as well as the overuse of, most natural resources. FME diagnoses of pollution are much weaker, however. Most FME proponents suggest that common-law tort suits can adequately protect private property and ecological resources from pollution. Yet such claims have (...)
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  9. Schooling Quasi-Markets: Reconciling Economic and Sociological Analyses.Nick Adnett & Peter Davies - 1999 - British Journal of Educational Studies 47 (3):221 - 234.
    We provide an economic assessment of the operation of schooling quasi-markets, re-interpreting the findings of the mainly sociologically-based empirical research. We find that economic analysis is complementary to that of sociology, providing further explanations for the failure of greater competition to increase the diversity of provision and challenge traditional school hierarchies.
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  10. The Challenge of Global Capitalism: An Islamic Perspective.Khurshid Ahmad - 2004 - In John H. Dunning (ed.), Making Globalization Good: The Moral Challenges of Global Capitalism. Oxford University Press.
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  11. Production, Information Costs, and Economic Organization.Armen Alchian, Harold Demsetz, Kenneth Arrow, Richard Edwards, Herbert Gintis & Michael C. Jensen - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (4):354-368.
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  12. Zimmerman on Coercive Wage Offers.Lawrence A. Alexander - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (2):160-164.
  13. Academic Personality and the Commodification of Academic Texts.Andrew Alexandra - 2002 - Ethics and Information Technology 4 (4):279-286.
    This paper explores the nature of, and justification for, copyright in academic texts in the light of recent developments in information technology, in particular the growth of electronic publication on the internet. Copyright, like other forms of property, is best thought of as a cluster of rights. A distinction is drawn within this cluster between first order `control rights' and higher order `commodity rights'. It is argued that copyright in academic texts is founded on its role as a means to (...)
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  14. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Karl Marx: A Comparative Study of Two Critics to the Market Economy.Andrés Álvarez & Jimena Hurtado - unknown
    We present a comparison between the works of two great critics of the market economy: Rousseau and Marx. It shows their similarities and divergences, most important of which is the place they give to economic analysis in their intellectual and political theories. Whereas Marx built his political and scientific criticism on economic analysis, Rousseau believed this analysis could not be the starting point for understanding social organization. Their monetary theories can explain this difference.
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  15. Community, Economic Creativity, and Organization.Ash Amin & Joanne Roberts (eds.) - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    'Communities of practice', like 'social capital' and 'networks', is an idea that has been widely adopted in the social sciences, particularly in discussion of innovation and creativity. This book evaluates the concept and its uses, and will be an essential guide for students and researchers.
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  16. Markets, Governance and Human Development.P. B. Anand & Miriam des GasperTeschl - 2010 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 11 (1):3.
  17. DEPRESSION Financial, Post-Manic, and Floral.Wayne Andersen - 2009 - Common Knowledge 15 (3):523-532.
    Like earthquakes and volcanic eruptions, the current international monetary crisis—bank failures and a collapse of markets worldwide—was not sufficiently predictable to preempt with defensive action. One would think that history's experiences with sudden breakdowns in global economics would have taught the modern world enough lessons to assure that economic intelligence would have tightened the reins of investors and speculators over the last decade of runaway optimism. But history has never been a good teacher—better said, people have rarely been good students (...)
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  18. Book Review: Free Market Fairness. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Anderson - 2013 - Political Theory 41 (1):163-166.
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  19. The Ethical Limitations of the Market.Elizabeth Anderson - 1990 - Economics and Philosophy 6 (2):179.
    A distinctive feature of modern capitalist societies is the tendency of the market to take over the production, maintenance, and distribution of goods that were previously produced, maintained, and distributed by nonmarket means. Yet, there is a wide range of disagreement regarding the proper extent of the market in providing many goods. Labor has been treated as a commodity since the advent of capitalism, but not without significant and continuing challenges to this arrangement. Other goods whose production for and distribution (...)
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  20. Review: Values, Risks, and Market Norms. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Anderson - 1988 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 17 (1):54 - 65.
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  21. Review of Alan Ebenstein's Friedrich Hayek: A Biography. [REVIEW]E. Angner - 2002 - Economics and Philosophy 18 (2):381-385.
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  22. Trust, Trade, and Moral Progress.Jonny Anomaly - 2017 - Social Philosophy and Policy 34 (2):89-107.
  23. Review of Brennan and Jaworski, Markets Without Limits. [REVIEW]Jonny Anomaly - 2016 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews:00.
  24. Markets and Economic Theory.Jonny Anomaly & Geoffrey Brennan - 2013 - In Byron Kaldis (ed.), Encyclopedia of Philosophy and the Social Sciences. Sage Publications.
  25. Development Assistance in the Legal Field: Promotion of Market Economy V. Human Rights.Bakardijeva Antonina - 2009 - In Antonina Bakardjieva Engelbrekt (ed.), New Directions in Comparative Law. Edward Elgar. pp. 33--39.
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  26. Sex for Sale.David Archard - 1989 - Cogito 3 (1):47-51.
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  27. Marx And Disequilibrium in Market Socialist Relations of Production.N. Scott Arnold - 1987 - Economics and Philosophy 3 (1):23.
    One feature of socialism that has been little discussed in the recent revival of interest in Marx is the basic form of economic organization that will characterize such a society. Marx's view, to be documented in what follows, is that socialism would not have a market economy. This prediction should be a matter of some embarrassment or consternation to twentieth-century socialists outside of the Soviet bloc who claim a Marxist heritage. Despite the fact that some socialist regimes in the first (...)
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  28. Derivatives: Virtual Values and Real Risks.J. Arnoldi - 2004 - Theory, Culture and Society 21 (6):23-42.
    This article examines the financial technology of derivatives. Derivatives are financial products whose values are based on possible fluctuations in the values of underlying assets. Hence derivatives markets are markets that trade in the risks of other markets. In order for derivatives markets to function, forms of prognostication that can assess the possible future fluctuations of the underlying markets are necessary. What such prognostications do, the article argues, is to create information out of future possibilities. Building upon a notion of (...)
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  29. Complexity in Economic and Financial Markets:Behind the Physical Institutions and Technologies of the Marketplace Lie the Beliefs and Expectations of Real Human Beings.W. Brian Arthur - 1995 - Complexity 1 (1):20-25.
  30. Editorial Introduction to the Symposium on the Global Financial Crisis.Sam Ashman - 2009 - Historical Materialism 17 (2):103-108.
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  31. Floating Maximally Many Boats: A Preference for the Broad Distribution of Market Benefits. [REVIEW]A. Askland - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (1):91 - 99.
    Market economics can overreach and reduce all human activities to market-governed activities. More than a market-inspired explanation for human activities, it offers a normative account of how all goods and services should be distributed by private parties negotiating mutually agreeable terms. This paper argues that market values and practices are constrained by other fundamental values and practices. Liberal values are generally consistent with, though they are not reducible to, market values. Democratic and egalitarian values often contrast with market values. The (...)
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  32. Orderly Fashion: A Sociology of Markets.Patrik Aspers - 2010 - Princeton University Press.
    For any market to work properly, certain key elements are necessary: competition, pricing, rules, clearly defined offers, and easy access to information. Without these components, there would be chaos. Orderly Fashion examines how order is maintained in the different interconnected consumer, producer, and credit markets of the global fashion industry. From retailers in Sweden and the United Kingdom to producers in India and Turkey, Patrik Aspers focuses on branded garment retailers--chains such as Gap, H&M, Old Navy, Topshop, and Zara. Aspers (...)
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  33. Financial Crisis: The Myth of Free Market Ideology and Current Regulatory Reforms.Avgitidou Athina - 2011 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 5 (3):218.
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  34. Who Owns the Product?By Daniel Attas - 2004 - Philosophical Quarterly 54 (217):537–556.
    If persons fully own themselves and can acquire, by unilateral acts, unconditional full property rights to previously unowned natural resources, then by these same principles of property they also own the products of their property and of their labour. But (a) the principles of property are silent on the question of the division of joint products; (b) the market is a form of co-operation in production which makes the total social product a joint product. In the circumstances of an unrestrained (...)
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  35. United States Banking Structure in 2000: Only Fools Make Predictions.Douglas V. Austin - 1987 - Business and Society 26 (1):1-8.
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  36. How Performance Metrics Help Shape Markets.Frank Azimont & Luis Araujo - 2010 - In Luís Aráujo, John Finch & Hans Kjellberg (eds.), Reconnecting Marketing to Markets. Oxford University Press.
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  37. Political Economy: History with the Politics Left Out?Roger Backhouse - 2012 - Historical Materialism 20 (3):24-38.
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  38. Review of An Engine, Not a Camera: How Financial Models Shape Markets. [REVIEW]Roger Backhouse - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):99-106.
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  39. An Engine, Not a Camera: How Financial Models Shape Markets , Donald MacKenzie. MIT Press, 2006, X + 377 Pages. [REVIEW]Roger E. Backhouse - 2009 - Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):99-106.
  40. What Money Can't Buy: The Moral Limits of Markets by Michael Sandel.Philip Badger - 2013 - Philosophy Now 98:41-43.
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  41. Friendship and Commercial Societies.Neera Badhwar - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (3):301-326.
    Critics of commercial societies complain that the free-market system of property rights and freedom of contract tends to commodify relationships, thus eroding the bonds of personal and civic friendship. I argue that this thesis rests on a misunderstanding of both markets and friendship. As voluntary, reciprocal relationships, market relationships and friendship share important properties. Like all relations and activities that exercise important human capacities and play an important role in a meaningful life, market relations and activities are essentially structured and (...)
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  42. (Not for Citations. Published Copy Available on Request.).Neera K. Badhwar - unknown
    1.1 Are commercial societies unfriendly to friendship? Many critics of commercial societies, from both the left and the right, have thought so. They claim that the free-market system of property rights, freedom of contract, and other liberty rights – the “negative” right of individuals to peacefully pursue their own ends – is impersonal and dehumanizing, or even inherently divisive and adversarial. Yet (their complaint goes) the psychology and morality of markets and liberty rights pervade far too many relationships in a (...)
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  43. Unanswered Quibbles with Fractional Reserve Free Banking.Philipp Bagus & David Howden - 2011 - Libertarian Papers 3:18.
    In this article we reply to George Selgin’s counterarguments to our article “Fractional Reserve Free Banking: Some Quibbles”. Selgin regards holding cash as saving while we focus on the real savings necessary to maintain investment projects. Real savings are unconsumed real income. Variations in real savings are not necessarily equal to variations in cash holdings. We show that a coordinated credit expansion in a fractional reserve free banking system is possible and that precautionary reserves consequently do not pose a necessary (...)
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  44. Meaning in the Market: The Incompatibility of F. A. Hayek‘s and Ayn Rand‘s Accounts of the Free Market.J. Baker - 2011 - Reason Papers 33:31-43.
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  45. Matching the Organization's Structure and its Cooperative Market Relations.Helmy H. Baligh & Richard M. Burton - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (4):311-324.
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  46. Seasons of Self-Delusion: Opium, Capitalism and the Financial Markets.Jairus Banaji - 2013 - Historical Materialism 21 (2):3-19.
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  47. 'Justice Entrepreneurship in a Free Market': Comment.Randy E. Barnett - 1979 - Journal of Libertarian Studies 3:427.
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  48. Book Review: Jesus and Money: A Guide for Times of Financial Crisis. [REVIEW]Michael Barram - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (2):205-206.
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  49. World Trade Organization.Christian Barry & Scott Wisor - 2013 - In Hugh LaFollette (ed.), International Encyclopedia of Ethics. Wiley.
    The World Trade Organization (WTO) is a multilateral trade organization that, at least partially, governs trade relations between its member states. The WTO (2011a) proclaims that its “overriding objective is to help trade flow smoothly, freely, fairly and predictably.” The WTO is a “treaty-based” organization – it has been constituted through an agreed, legally binding treaty made up of more than 30 articles, along with additional commitments by some members in specific areas. At present, 153 states are members of the (...)
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  50. Einander zu erkennen geben. Das Selbst zwischen Erkenntnis und Gabe.Katharina Bauer - 2012 - Freiburg / München: Karl Alber Verlag.
    This book deals with theories of the gift, in particular in contemporary French philosophy. The gift can be regarded as a preliminary stage of complex economical procedures. But it can also be understood as a phenomenon that transgresses the structures of economy. In the act of exchanging gifts, the agents symbolize their interpersonal relationship and mutual recognition. It is pointed out that the praxis of the gift can be considered as an essential form of any socio-cultural interaction, as an essential (...)
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