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1 — 50 / 584
  1. added 2020-05-28
    Death Determination and Clinicians’ Epistemic Authority.David Rodríguez-Arias, Alberto Molina-Pérez & Gonzalo Díaz-Cobacho - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (6):44-47.
    Volume 20, Issue 6, June 2020, Page 44-47.
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  2. added 2020-05-01
    M. Opler's "Culture and Social Psychiatry". [REVIEW]Ronald A. Steffenhagen - 1968 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 29 (1):139.
  3. added 2020-04-29
    Natural and Preternatural in Renaissance Philosophy and Medicine.Ian Maclean - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 31 (2):331-342.
  4. added 2020-04-29
    The Legislation of Things.Ilana Löwy - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (3):533-543.
  5. added 2020-04-29
    An Essay on Basement Membranes and Their Involvement in Cancer.A. Van Den Hooff - 1989 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (3):401.
  6. added 2020-04-28
    Bridging the Aging-Disease Dichotomy. I. The Amyloidosis Model.H. T. Blumenthal & B. N. Premachandra - 1989 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 33 (3):402-420.
  7. added 2020-04-28
    Medicine in the Time of Saint Cuthbert.L. T. Weaver - 1989 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (3):387.
  8. added 2020-04-27
    A Study in Renaissance Psychotropic Plant Ointments.Daniele Piomelli & Antonino Pollio - 1993 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):241-273.
    Various historical sources from the Renaissance--including transcripts of trials for witchcraft, writings on demonology and textbooks of pharmaceutical botany--describe vegetal ointments prepared by women accused of witchcraft and endowed with marked psychoactive properties. Here, we examine the botanical composition and the possible pharmacological actions of these ointments. The results of our study suggest that recipes for narcotic and mind-altering salves were known to Renaissance folk healers, and were in part distinct from homologous preparations of educated medicine. In addition, our study (...)
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  9. added 2020-04-27
    Neonatal Pediatrics at the Century Mark.William A. Silverman - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (2):159-170.
    Neonatal pediatrics has made stunning and completely unprecedented progress in recent years. Nonetheless, an increasing number of voices now ask, Where is this field of medicine going? Is it, dare one ask, even headed in the right direction? These are reasonable questions, but first we need to know where this subspecialty of pediatrics has been. The current phenomenon is all the more remarkable because it differs so completely from the past.
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  10. added 2020-04-27
    Medical Ethics in the Courtroom: The Need for Scrutiny.E. D. Pellegrino & Virginia Ashby Sharpe - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (4):547-564.
  11. added 2020-04-27
    Images and Emotion in Patient-Centered Clinical Teaching.W. C. Plauche & J. C. Edwards - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (4):602.
  12. added 2020-04-27
    For Clinical Research: A Formula for Improved Prognosis.K. A. Gruber - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (4):612.
  13. added 2020-04-27
    Resolving Problems at the Intensive Care Unit/Oncology Unit Interface.S. J. Youngner, M. Allen, H. Montenegro, J. Hreha & H. Lazarus - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (2):299.
  14. added 2020-04-27
    The Oath: An Investigation of the Injunction Prohibiting Physician-Patient Sexual Relations.M. L. Campbell - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (2):300-308.
  15. added 2020-04-27
    Canadian Medical System.J. M. Orient - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (4):614.
  16. added 2020-04-27
    PPS and Psychiatry: The First Year.J. R. Lave, R. G. Frank & C. A. Taube - 1988 - Inquiry (Misc) 25 (3):354-363.
  17. added 2020-04-27
    Poetry and Medicine.J. G. Brueggemann - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (3):370.
  18. added 2020-04-26
    Experiential Knowledge in Clinical Medicine: Use and Justification.Mark R. Tonelli & Devora Shapiro - forthcoming - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-16.
    Within the evidence-based medicine construct, clinical expertise is acknowledged to be both derived from primary experience and necessary for optimal medical practice. Primary experience in medical practice, however, remains undervalued. Clinicians’ primary experience tends to be dismissed by EBM as unsystematic or anecdotal, a source of bias rather than knowledge, never serving as the “best” evidence to support a clinical decision. The position that clinical expertise is necessary but that primary experience is untrustworthy in clinical decision-making is epistemically incoherent. Here (...)
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  19. added 2020-04-26
    [The Vaccine Metaphor. From Inoculation to Vaccination].A. M. Moulin - 1991 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 14 (2):271-297.
    The episodes of cowpox inoculation (1798) and rabies preventive treatment (1885) are celebrated as the landmark of modern medicine. Paradoxically, these two advances have been accomplished without any theoretical breakthrough in the understanding of immunity. Going further, they were made possible by a long past of empirical procedures among which smallpox inoculation played an outstanding role. The paper explores the paradox of 'Immunization without Immunology' and Pasteur's reconstruction of the past, through his successful use of a metaphor. 'Vaccine', originally linked (...)
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  20. added 2020-04-26
    Unifying Hippocratic Medicine-de-Aeris-Locis and de-Morbis-I.C. Vincentelli - 1990 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 12 (2):249-259.
  21. added 2020-04-26
    The Problem of Terminology in the Study of Student Conceptions in Science.I. O. Abimbola - 1988 - Science Education 72 (2):175-184.
  22. added 2020-04-26
    Should I Enroll in a Randomized Clinical Trial? A Critical Commentary.Robert M. Veatch - 1988 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 10 (5):7.
  23. added 2020-04-26
    "The Public Hospital Revisted: The Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of Jan de Hartog's" The Hospital".M. C. Holleman & W. L. Holleman - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (4):568-580.
  24. added 2020-04-26
    Medical Miracles From a Physician-Scientist's Viewpoint.R. E. Peschel & E. R. Peschel - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (3):391.
  25. added 2020-04-26
    Therapeutic Strategies to Combat Pneumococcal Disease: Repeated Failure of Physicians to Adopt Pneumococcal Vaccine, 1900-1945. [REVIEW]Peter C. English - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (2):170.
  26. added 2020-04-26
    Reconstructing the Epidemiology of Medieval Leprosy: Preliminary Efforts with Regard to Scandinavia.S. R. Ell - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (4):496-506.
  27. added 2020-04-26
    On the Do Not Resuscitate Policy.H. Muslin & S. Schade - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (2):285-290.
  28. added 2020-04-26
    Ethical Issues in Modern Medical Autobiographies.Suzanne Poirier - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (2):278.
  29. added 2020-04-26
    Deciding to Forgo Life-Sustaining Treatment in the Intensive Care Nursery: A Sociologic Account.Anthony Rostain - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (1):117.
  30. added 2020-04-26
    Medical Research Within the European Economic Communities.B. Sørensen - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (3 Pt 2):S70.
  31. added 2020-04-26
    Nutrition, Women, and Sex Ratios.V. L. Bullough - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (3):450-460.
  32. added 2020-04-26
    Humanism and Theism in Biomedical Ethics.Joseph Fletcher - 1986 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (1):106-116.
  33. added 2020-04-20
    Making Evidential Claims in Epidemiology: Three Strategies for the Study of the Exposome.Stefano Canali - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences:101248.
    How is scientific data used to represent phenomena and as evidence for claims about phenomena? In this paper, I propose that a specific type of claims – evidential claims – is involved in data practices to define and restrict the representational and evidential content of a dataset. I present an account of data practices in the epidemiology of the exposome based on the notion of evidential claims, which helps unpack the approaches, assumptions and warrants that connect different stages of research. (...)
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  34. added 2020-04-18
    Commentary: The Randomized Clinical Trial: For Whose Benefit?Arthur Schafer - forthcoming - IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
  35. added 2020-04-18
    The Continuing Relevance of 19th-Century Philosophy of Psychology: Brentano and the Autonomy of Psychological Methods.Uljana Feest - 2014 - In M. C. Galavotti & F. Stadler (eds.), New Directions in the Philosophy of Science, The Philosophy of Science in a European Perspective 5. Springer. Springer. pp. 693-709.
    This paper provides an analysis of Franz Brentano’s thesis that psychology employs a distinctive method, which sets it apart from physiology. The aim of the paper is two-fold: First, I situate Brentano’s thesis (and the broader metaphysical system that underwrites it) within the context of specific debates about the nature and status of psychology, arguing that we regard him as engaging in a form of boundary work. Second, I explore the relevance of Brentano’s considerations to more recent debates about autonomy (...)
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  36. added 2020-04-18
    Differential Nutrition--A New Orientation From Which to Approach the Problems of Human Nutrition.R. J. Williams & D. R. Davis - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (2):199-202.
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  37. added 2020-04-18
    Compromise United-States Pharmaceutical Legislation Enacted.Pb Hutt - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (6):276-278.
  38. added 2020-03-14
    Life as Normative Activity and Self-realization: Debate surrounding the Concept of Biological Normativity in Goldstein and Canguilhem.Agustin Ostachuk - 2015 - História, Ciências, Saúde - Manguinhos 22 (4):1199-1214.
    The influence of Kurt Goldstein on the thinking of Georges Canguilhem extended throughout his entire work. This paper seeks to examine this relationship in order to conduct a study of the norm as a nexus or connection between the concept and life. Consequently, this work will be a reflection on the approach to life as a normative activity and self-realization. For this, it will be necessary to redefine the concepts of health and disease, and make a crossover between the two. (...)
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  39. added 2020-03-08
    The Ideological Matrix of Science: Natural Selection and Immunity as Case Studies.Agustin Ostachuk - 2019 - Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 15 (1):182-213.
    The modern concept of ideology was established by the liberal politician and philosopher Destutt de Tracy, with the objective of creating an all-embracing and general science of ideas, which followed the sensualist and empiricist trend initiated by Locke that culminated in the positivism of Comte. Natural selection and immunity are two key concepts in the history of biology that were strongly based on the Malthusian concept of struggle for existence. This concept wrongly assumed that population grew faster than the means (...)
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  40. added 2020-02-24
    Robust and Discordant Evidence: Methodological Lessons From Clinical Research.Spencer Phillips Hey - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (1):55-75.
    The concordance of results that are “robust” across multiple scientific modalities is widely considered to play a critical role in the epistemology of science. But what should we make of those cases where such multimodal evidence is discordant? Jacob Stegenga has recently argued that robustness is “worse than useless” in these cases, suggesting that “different kinds of evidence cannot be combined in a coherent way.” In this article I respond to this critique and illustrate the critical methodological role that robustness (...)
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  41. added 2020-02-24
    A Gentle Ethical Defence of Homeopathy.David Levy, Ben Gadd, Ian Kerridge & Paul A. Komesaroff - 2015 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):203-209.
    Recent discourses about the legitimacy of homeopathy have focused on its scientific plausibility, mechanism of action, and evidence base. These, frequently, conclude not only that homeopathy is scientifically baseless, but that it is “unethical.” They have also diminished patients’ perspectives, values, and preferences. We contend that these critics confuse epistemic questions with questions of ethics, misconstrue the moral status of homeopaths, and have an impoverished idea of ethics—one that fails to account either for the moral worth of care and of (...)
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  42. added 2020-02-24
    Alternative Perspectives on Psychiatric Validation: Dsm, Icd, Rdoc, and Beyond.Peter Zachar, Drozdstoj St Stoyanov, Massimiliano Aragona & Assen Jablensky (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In this important new book in the IPPP series, a group of leading thinkers in psychiatry, psychology, and philosophy offer alternative perspectives that address both the scientific and clinical aspects of psychiatric validation, emphasizing throughout their philosophical and historical considerations.
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  43. added 2020-02-24
    Philosophical Issues in Psychiatry Iii: The Nature and Sources of Historical Change.Kenneth S. Kendler & Josef Parnas (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    Psychiatry has been subject to major changes in the last 150 years. This book explores the forces that have shaped these changes and how they have impacted on the psychiatric profession in this time. The result is a dynamic discussion about the nature of psychiatric disorders, and a book that is compelling reading.
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  44. added 2020-02-24
    Making Sense of Failure.Brendan Clarke - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 48:122-125.
    Essay review of C. Timmermann A history of lung cancer: The recalcitrant disease (Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke (2014)) and C. Timmermann, E. Toon (Eds.), Cancer patients, cancer pathways: historical and social perspectives (Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke (2012)).
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  45. added 2020-02-24
    Mending Minds: A Guide to the New Psychiatry of Depression, Anxiety, and Other Serious Mental Disorders. [REVIEW]William Roweton - 1992 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 13 (3):309-310.
    Leonard L. Heston, M.D. is a Professor of Psychiatry at The University of Washington and is the Director of The Washington Institute for Mental Illness Training and Research. Dr. Heston writes about "a QUIET revolution [which] has been occurring in psychiatry" . Dr. Heston's "new psychiatry" focuses on the "actual study of the brain as a biologic tissue" and avoids "elaborate theorizing, guru-isms, blaming of mothers for unhappiness, backbiting among contending schools, or [popular and simple] prescriptions for instant mental health. (...)
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  46. added 2020-02-24
    Psychiatry for Medical Students. [REVIEW]Allen Barbour - 1984 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 5 (3).
  47. added 2020-02-24
    Homeopathy and Psychiatry.Daphna Slonim - 1983 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 4 (3).
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  48. added 2020-02-20
    From Medical Astrology to Medical Astronomy: Sol-Lunar and Planetary Theories of Disease in British Medicine, C. 1700–1850.Mark Harrison - 2000 - British Journal for the History of Science 33 (1):25-48.
    After 1700, astrology lost the respect it once commanded in medical circles. But the belief that the heavens influenced bodily health persisted – even in learned medicine – until well into the nineteenth century. The continuing vitality of these ideas owed much to the new empirical and mechanical outlook of their proponents. Taking their cue from the work of Robert Boyle and Richard Mead, a number of British practitioners amassed statistical evidence which purported to prove the influence of the Moon (...)
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  49. added 2020-02-20
    Philosophie de la Médecine Psychosomatique. [REVIEW]D. C. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 18 (2):384-384.
    Mucchielli clearly and systematically reviews the history of theories of psychosomatic medicine, criticizing the dominant modern ideas such as "conversion," "régression," and "inadaptation." The failure to eliminate dualisms has been chiefly the failure to discern distinct levels of existence and the complex relations between them: to assert a difference between the organic level and the conscious level need not lead us into an impass of dualism. Mucchielli shows that not all psychosomatic disorders are psycogenetic, but that there are organic illnesses (...)
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  50. added 2020-02-17
    Evidence, Defeasibility, and Metaphors in Diagnosis and Diagnosis Communication.Pietro Salis & Francesca Ervas - 2020 - Topoi:1-17.
    The paper investigates the epistemological and communicative competences the experts need to use and communicate evidence in the reasoning process leading to diagnosis. The diagnosis and diagnosis communication are presented as intertwined processes that should be jointly addressed in medical consultations, to empower patients’ compliance in illness management. The paper presents defeasible reasoning as specific to the diagnostic praxis, showing how this type of reasoning threatens effective diagnosis communication and entails that we should understand diagnostic evidence as defeasible as well. (...)
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