About this topic
Summary The allocation of medical resources is a subfield within more general concerns about distributive justice. As such, much discussion of healthcare allocation uses familiar terms and theories from this broader area. However, it is also a subject that has been seen by many to have particular importance, due to the central importance that health plays in human lives. Resource allocations are typically driven by two competing factors: 'efficiency' (on the grounds that we should want resources in a social institution like medicine to bring about more benefit rather than less) and 'equality' (on the grounds people can suffer to differing degrees from ill health, and we should have some preference to help those who are worse off). Broadly speaking, many discussions of health care allocation are discussions of how to understand, and how to make commensurable, these two competing considerations. More recently, there has also been a turn towards the idea that since there may be no single, uniquely acceptable way of allocating medical resources, a theory of fair medical allocation must include some discussion of procedural principles, i.e. principles that relate to the process by which actual allocation decisions are made. 
Key works Bognar & Hirose 2014 Daniels 2007
Introductions Cookson & Dolan 2000 Buchanan 1984
Related categories

406 found
1 — 50 / 406
  1. added 2019-05-16
    Paper Four: How Should We Think About Resource Allocation?Bob Brecher - 1996 - Health Care Analysis 4 (1):37-40.
    What is immediately striking about the general problem of how to allocate resources equitably is that although the task cannot be done, it nevertheless requires to be done. Imperfection is the most we can hope for. But of course some instances of imperfection are considerably worse than others: and those evidenced in all too much of the thinking of medical specialists, whether in the current discussion concerning cancer care or, for instance, by those involved in the management of kidney transplants (...)
  2. added 2019-05-15
    Justice and the Ada: Does Prioritizing and Rationing Health Care Discriminate Against the Disabled?Dan W. Brock - 1995 - Social Philosophy and Policy 12 (2):159-185.
    It is sometimes said that a society should be judged ethically by how it treats its least-fortunate or worst-off members. In one interpretation this is not a point about justice, but instead about moral virtues such as compassion and charity. In our response to the least fortunate among us, we display, or show that we lack, fundamental moral virtues of fellow feeling and concern for others in need. In a different interpretation, however, this point is about justice and a just (...)
  3. added 2019-04-25
    Will More Organs Save More Lives? Cost‐Effectiveness and the Ethics of Expanding Organ Procurement.Govind Persad - forthcoming - Bioethics.
    The assumption that procuring more organs will save more lives has inspired increasingly forceful calls to increase organ procurement. This project, in contrast, directly questions the premise that more organ transplantation means more lives saved. Its argument begins with the fact that resources are limited and medical procedures have opportunity costs. Because many other lifesaving interventions are more cost‐effective than transplantation and compete with transplantation for a limited budget, spending on organ transplantation consumes resources that could have been used to (...)
  4. added 2019-04-04
    Evaluating the Legality of Age-Based Criteria in Health Care: From Nondiscrimination and Discretion to Distributive Justice.Govind Persad - 2019 - Boston College Law Review 60 (3):889-949.
    Recent disputes over whether older people should pay more for health insurance, or receive lower priority for transplantable organs, highlight broader disagreements regarding the legality of using age-based criteria in health care. These debates will likely intensify given the changing age structure of the American population and the turmoil surrounding the financing of American health care. This Article provides a comprehensive examination of the legality and normative desirability of age-based criteria. I defend a distributive justice approach to age-based criteria and (...)
  5. added 2019-03-18
    Rawlsian Justice and the Social Determinants of Health.Jayna Fishman & Douglas MacKay - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    In this article, we suggest that the evidence regarding the social determinants of health calls for a deep re‐thinking of our understanding of distributive justice. Focusing on John Rawls's theory of distributive justice in particular, we argue that a full reckoning with the social determinants of health requires a re‐working of Rawls's principles of justice. We argue first that the social bases of health – a Rawlsian conception of the social determinants of health – should be considered a social primary (...)
  6. added 2019-03-18
    Social Justice, Health Disparities, and Culture in the Care of the Elderly.Peggye Dilworth-Anderson, Geraldine Pierre & Tandrea S. Hilliard - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (1):26-32.
    Older minority Americans experience worse health outcomes than their white counterparts, exhibiting the need for social justice in all areas of their health care. Justice, fairness, and equity are crucial to minimizing conditions that adversely affect the health of individuals and communities. In this paper, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is used as an example of a health care disparity among elderly Americans that requires social justice interventions. Cultural factors play a crucial role in AD screening, diagnosis, and access to care, and (...)
  7. added 2019-03-18
    Justice and Fairness: A Critical Element in U.S. Health System Reform.Paul T. Menzel - 2012 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 40 (3):582-597.
    The case for U.S. health system reform aimed at achieving wider insurance coverage in the population and disciplining the growth of costs is fundamentally a moral case, grounded in two principles: (1) a principle of social justice, the Just Sharing of the costs of illness, and (2) a related principle of fairness, the Prevention of Free‐Riding. These principles generate an argument for universal access to basic care when applied to two existing facts: the phenomenon of “market failure” in health insurance (...)
  8. added 2019-03-18
    International Health Inequalities and Global Justice: Toward a Middle Ground.N. Daniels, S. Benatar & G. Brock - 2011 - In S. R. Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health and Global Health Ethics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 97--107.
    Disturbing international inequalities in health abound. Life expectancy in Swaziland is half that in Japan. A child unfortunate enough to be born in Angola has 73 times as great a chance of dying before age 5 as a child born in Norway. A mother giving birth in southern sub-Saharan Africa has 100 times as great a chance of dying from her labor as one birthing in an industrialized country. For every mile one travels outward toward the Maryland suburbs from downtown (...)
  9. added 2019-03-18
    Justice and Global Health.Christopher Lowry & Udo Schüklenk - 2009 - In John-Stewart Gordon (ed.), Morality and Justice: Reading Boylan's a Just Society. Lexington Books. pp. 161-177.
  10. added 2019-03-18
    Justice and Health Care Systems: What Would an Ideal Health Care System Look Like?Erich H. Loewy - 1998 - Health Care Analysis 6 (3):185-192.
    An ‘ideal’ health care system would be unencumbered by economic considerations and provide an ample supply of well-paid health care professionals who would supply culturally appropriate optimal health care to the level desired by patients. An ‘ideal’ health care system presupposes an ‘ideal’ society in which resources for all social goods are unlimited. Changes within health care systems occur both because of changes within the system and because of changes or demands in and by the ‘exterior environment’. Social systems must (...)
  11. added 2019-03-11
    Transparency Trade-Offs: Priority Setting, Scarcity, and Health Fairness.Govind Persad - 2019 - In I. Glenn Cohen, Barbara Evans, Holly Lynch & Carmel Shachar (eds.), Transparency in Health and Health Care. New York: Cambridge UP.
    This chapter argues that rather than viewing transparency as a right, we should regard it as a finite resource whose allocation involves tradeoffs. It then argues that those tradeoffs should be resolved by using a multi-principle approach to distributive justice. The relevant principles include maximizing welfare, maximizing autonomy, and giving priority to the worst off. Finally, it examines some of the implications for law of recognizing the tradeoffs presented by transparency proposals.
  12. added 2019-03-11
    Distributive Justice and Priority Setting in Health Care.Yolonda Y. Wilson - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (3):53-54.
  13. added 2019-03-11
    Health-Care and Distributive Justice: A Jurisprudential Account of Health-Care Distribution.Roger Paul Worthington - 2001 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
    This work critically examines the philosophical basis underlying methods of health-care distribution. It advocates taking an inclusive view in which access, availability, uptake, and quality all form part of the process of evaluation. Different methods of health-care organization are considered and I examine models for distributing health-care, specifically in the US, UK, and Australia. Concerns are addressed in terms of how systems are evaluated, as well as meanings attached to key terms such as equity and equality. Meeting the health-care needs (...)
  14. added 2019-03-11
    Theories of Justice in Health Care: Philosophical and Legal Issues.Glyn Lance Hotz - 1998 - Dissertation, York University (Canada)
    In extending the entitlement theory to health care, I will lay the groundwork for a scheme which takes into account historical entitlement, preserves patient and physician autonomy, and conceives health care on the maximum possible level. The entire health care delivery system will be governed by the crucial point for the entitlement theorist, that the appropriation of an unowned object not worsen the situation of others. The constraint is absolute. Any violation of the constraint calls for a halt to the (...)
  15. added 2019-03-11
    Aristotelian Justice and Health Policy: Capability and Incompletely Theorized Agreements.Jennifer Prah Ruger - 1998 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    The dissertation Aristotelian Justice and Health Policy: Capability and Incompletely Theorized Agreements , Jerry Green, and Joseph Newhouse) focuses on the implications for health policy of Aristotelian/Capability lines of reasoning to social justice and efficiency. The monograph draws on philosophical and economic analysis and social choice theory in the examination of health capabilities as: a central focal variable for the assessment of equality and efficiency in health policy; the product of health and other public policies; and the object of social (...)
  16. added 2019-03-11
    Health Care Justice and Rawls' Theory.Michael David Swenson - 1988 - Dissertation, University of Minnesota
    This dissertation is a study of issues of justice that arise in the practice of health care and an examination of the potential contributions that John Rawls' theory can yield towards a resolution of those issues. The primary goal is to define and defend a perspective from which individual health care practitioners can address problems of justice in health care. The dissertation begins with a discussion of the concept of justice, including the circumstances under which questions of justice arise, and (...)
  17. added 2019-03-11
    John Rawls, Social Justice, and Health-Care Delivery Systems.Margaret Irene Lovell - 1985 - Dissertation, The University of Tennessee
    John Rawls' theory of justice holds special appeal for those who wish to apply a deontological moral theory to issues in medical ethics. This study is undertaken to examine Rawls' theory to see if it is, in fact, a worthwhile evaluative tool in judging the justice of social issues in medicine. ;In the first three chapters, issues are clarified and Rawls' theory is analyzed. The conclusion is that an unmodified Rawlsian theory is not applicable to distributive issues in medicine like (...)
  18. added 2019-02-11
    Applied Ethics in Mental Health in Cuba: Part II-Power Differentials, Dilemmas, Resources, and Limitations.Richard Walsh-Bowers, Amy Rossiter, Laura Sánchez Valdés & Isaac Prilleltensky - 2002 - Ethics and Behavior 12 (3):243-260.
    This article is the second one in a series dealing with mental health ethics in Cuba. It reports on ethical dilemmas, resources and limitations to their resolution, and recommendations for action. The data, obtained through individual interviews and focus groups with 28 professionals, indicate that Cubans experience dilemmas related to the interests of clients, their personal interests, and the interest of the state. These conflicts are related to power differentials among clients and professionals, professionals from various disciplines, and professionals and (...)
  19. added 2019-01-17
    Personal Responsibility Within Health Policy: Unethical and Ineffective.P. Friesen - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics Recent Issues 44 (1):53-58.
    This paper argues against incorporating assessments of individual responsibility into healthcare policies by expanding an existing argument and offering a rebuttal to an argument in favour of such policies. First, it is argued that what primarily underlies discussions surrounding personal responsibility and healthcare is not causal responsibility, moral responsibility or culpability, as one might expect, but biases towards particular highly stigmatised behaviours. A challenge is posed for proponents of taking personal responsibility into account within health policy to either expand the (...)
  20. added 2019-01-11
    Priority to Organ Donors: Personal Responsibility, Equal Access and the Priority Rule in Organ Procurement.Andreas Brøgger Albertsen - 2017 - Diametros 51:137-152.
    In the effort to address the persistent organ shortage it is sometimes suggested that we should incentivize people to sign up as organ donors. One way of doing so is to give priority in the allocation of organs to those who are themselves registered as donors. Israel introduced such a scheme recently and the preliminary reports indicate increased donation rates. How should we evaluate such initiatives from an ethical perspective? Luck egalitarianism, a responsibility-sensitive approach to distributive justice, provides one possible (...)
  21. added 2019-01-11
    Pharmacogenomic Inequalities: Strategies for Justice in Biomedical Research and Healthcare.Giovanni De Grandis - 2017 - Diametros 51:153-172.
    The paper discusses the possibility that the benefits of pharmacogenomics will not be distributed equally and will create orphan populations. I argue that since these inequalities are not substantially different from those produced by ‘traditional’ drugs and are not generated with the intention to discriminate, their production needs not be unethical. Still, the final result is going against deep-seated moral feelings and intuitions, as well as broadly accepted principles of just distribution of health outcomes and healthcare. I thus propose two (...)
  22. added 2019-01-08
    Pluralistyczna Teoria Alokacji Narządów.Piotr Grzegorz Nowak - 2017 - Diametros 51:65-89.
    Biomedical sciences cannot answer the question who should be saved from death if not everyone can be. This is an ethical issue. However, we face exactly this question when deliberating on the criteria for organ allocation. The main aim of this article is to formulate a pluralistic theory of just distribution of organs, which incorporates the tenets of utilitarianism, egalitarianism and sufficientarianism. Each constituent theory adopts a different value as a criterion for organ allocation. For utilitarianism it is a health (...)
  23. added 2018-12-10
    Just Solidarity: The Key to Fair Health Care Rationing.Leonard M. Fleck - 2015 - Diametros 43:44-54.
    I agree with Professor ter Meulen that there is no need to make a forced choice between “justice” and “solidarity” when it comes to determining what should count as fair access to needed health care. But he also asserts that solidarity is more fundamental than justice. That claim needs critical assessment. Ter Meulen recognizes that the concept of solidarity has been criticized for being excessively vague. He addresses this criticism by introducing the more precise notion of “humanitarian solidarity.” However, I (...)
  24. added 2018-12-10
    Jakiej sprawiedliwości wolno oczekiwać od lekarza? / What Kind of Justice Can We Expect from a Medical Doctor?Marek Olejniczak - 2015 - Diametros 44:78-88.
    The essential objective of the paper is to demonstrate the complexity of issues related to justice in the medical profession. The author claims that the virtue of justice as the foundation of a good doctor's moral attitude and the concept of justice in allocating medical goods are of primary importance. The most important thesis presented in the paper is that even if the so-called social justice needs to be complied with in the public healthcare system, it has nothing to do (...)
  25. added 2018-12-03
    Finansowanie testów genetycznych ze źródeł publicznych.Olga Dryla - 2015 - Diametros 44:1-19.
    One of the signs of the rapid development of medical genetics is a gradual increase in the number of genetic tests available. Different aspects of this phenomenon have been addressed and debated in the source literature, but so far relatively little has been said about the obligation to provide equal access – in the social context – to selected kinds of tests. In this article, I attempt to reconstruct those few suggestions, dealing with the principles of funding genetic tests from (...)
  26. added 2018-12-03
    Solidarity in the Legal Frames.Aleksandra Głos - 2015 - Diametros 44:204-222.
    The purpose of this paper is to explore the meaning of solidarity and its proper position in the legal frames, with particular focus on health care. Solidarity is often identified with welfare arrangements and social guarantees. In this institutional version, it tends to humiliate citizens and restrict their entrepreneurship. Moreover, administrative solidarity is unable to recognize the actual needs of the most vulnerable members of society, which should be one of its primary concerns. Solidarity, in its original meaning, understood as (...)
  27. added 2018-12-03
    The Moral Evaluation of Living Organ Donation and Trade in Human Organs in Light of Kant's Ethics.Piotr Grzegorz Nowak - 2015 - Diametros 46:30-54.
    In the article I justify the acceptability of ex vivo transplantation and I provide the ethical evaluation of trafficking in human organs from the Kantian perspective. Firstly, I refer to passages of Kant's works, where he explicitly states that depriving oneself of one’s body parts for other purposes than self-preservation is not permitted. I explain that the negative ethical evaluation of the disposal of the body parts was given various justifications by Kant. Subsequently, I provide partial criticism of this justification, (...)
  28. added 2018-11-20
    A Critique of Using Age to Ration Health Care.R. W. Hunt - 1993 - Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):19-27.
    Daniel Callahan has argued that economic and social benefits would result from a policy of withholding medical treatments which prolong life in persons over a certain age. He claims 'the real goal of medicine' is to conquer death and prolong life with the use of technology, regardless of the age and quality of life of the patient, and this has been responsible for the escalation of health care expenditure. Callahan's proposal is based on economic rationalism but there is little evidence (...)
  29. added 2018-10-08
    Bursting Bubbles? QALYs and Discrimination.Ben Davies - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (2):191-202.
    The use of Quality-Adjusted Life Years (QALYs) in healthcare allocation has been criticized as discriminatory against people with disabilities. This article considers a response to this criticism from Nick Beckstead and Toby Ord. They say that even if QALYs are discriminatory, attempting to avoid discrimination – when coupled with other central principles that an allocation system should favour – sometimes leads to irrationality in the form of cyclic preferences. I suggest that while Beckstead and Ord have identified a problem, it (...)
  30. added 2018-09-05
    Special Supplement: What Do We Owe the Elderly? Allocating Social and Health Care Resources.Ruud ter Meulen, Eva Topinková & Daniel Callahan - forthcoming - Hastings Center Report.
  31. added 2018-09-05
    Calculating Qalys: Liberalism and the Value of Health States.Douglas MacKay - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):259-285.
    The value of health states is often understood to depend on their impact on the goodness of people's lives. As such, prominent health states metrics are grounded in particular conceptions of wellbeing – e.g. hedonism or preference satisfaction. In this paper, I consider how liberals committed to the public justification requirement – the requirement that public officials choose laws and policies that are justifiable to their citizens – should evaluate health states. Since the public justification requirement prohibits public officials from (...)
  32. added 2018-09-05
    Calibrating QALYs to Respect Equality of Persons.Franklin Donald - 2016 - Utilitas (1):1-23.
    Comparative valuation of different policy interventions often requires interpersonal comparability of benefit. In the field of health economics, the metric commonly used for such comparison, quality adjusted life years (QALYs) gained, has been criticized for failing to respect the equality of all persons’ intrinsic worth, including particularly those with disabilities. A methodology is proposed that interprets ‘full quality of life’ as the best health prospect that is achievable for the particular individual within the relevant budget constraint. This calibration is challenging (...)
  33. added 2018-09-05
    Individualised and Personalised QALYs in Exceptional Treatment Decisions.Warwick Heale - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (10):665-671.
    Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) are used to determine how to allocate resources to health programmes or to treatments within those programmes in order to gain maximum utility from those limited, shared healthcare resources. However, if we use those same population- based QALYs when faced with individual treatment decisions we may act unjustly in relation to that individual or in relation to the wider population. A treatment with a population-based incremental cost-effectiveness ratio beyond our willingness to pay threshold may be denied (...)
  34. added 2018-09-05
    Patients and Borders, Money and Mission: Responding to Medically Needy Persons From Other Countries Who Lack Financial Resources.Lauris Christopher Kaldjian - 2012 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (2):186-200.
    When financially impoverished persons from resource-poor countries travel to resource-rich countries to seek medical treatment, health-care professionals and hospital administrators must decide how to respond. These financially impoverished "medical travelers" are medically no different from financially impoverished citizens or immigrants, but their national residence and purpose of travel may cause them to be seen as having a lower degree of standing within the communities that hospitals are expected to serve. In responding to such persons, health-care professionals and administrators encounter tension (...)
  35. added 2018-09-05
    Attending to Social Vulnerability When Rationing Pandemic Resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):42.
    Pandemic plans are increasingly attending to groups experiencing health disparities and other social vulnerabilities. Although some pandemic guidance is silent on the issue, guidance that attends to socially vulnerable groups ranges widely, some procedural (often calling for public engagement), and some substantive. Public engagement objectives vary from merely educational to seeking reflective input into the ethical commitments that should guide pandemic planning and response. Some plans that concern rationing during a severe pandemic recommend ways to protect socially vulnerable groups without (...)
  36. added 2018-09-05
    Dueling Ethical Frameworks for Allocating Health Resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, J. Eline Garrett, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):54 – 56.
  37. added 2018-09-05
    Resources and the Rule of Rescue.Mark Sheehan - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (4):352–366.
    The central issue that I consider in this paper is the use of the so‐called ‘Rule of Rescue’ in the context of resource allocation. This ‘Rule’ has played an important role in resource allocation decisions in various parts of the world. It was invoked in Ontario to overturn a decision not to fund treatment for Gaucher's Disease and it has also been used to justify resource decisions in Israel concerning the same condition. -/- In the paper I consider the nature (...)
  38. added 2018-09-05
    Who Should We Treat? Rights, Rationing and Resources in the NHS. [REVIEW]R. E. Ashcroft - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):185-186.
  39. added 2018-09-05
    Parliament, Ethics and NHS Resources.Howard Stoate - 2006 - Clinical Ethics 1 (4):180-182.
  40. added 2018-09-05
    Rights, Resources and Health Care.B. Dimond - 2006 - Nursing Ethics 13 (4):335-336.
  41. added 2018-09-05
    Maximizing Local Effect of HIV Prevention Resources.Shin-Yi Wu, Deborah Cohen, Lu Shi & Thomas Farley - 2005 - Contagion: Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture 2 (3):127-132.
    Comparing estimates of the cost-effectiveness of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) interventions can help communities select an HIV prevention portfolio to meet local needs efficiently. The authors developed a spreadsheet tool to estimate the relative cost-effectiveness of 26 HIV prevention interventions. HIV prevalence of the population at risk and the cost per person reached were the two most important factors determining cost-effectiveness. In low-prevalence populations, the most cost-effective interventions had a low per-person cost. Among the most cost-effective interventions overall were showing (...)
  42. added 2018-09-05
    Splitting the Difference—Patient Preference Vs Conservation of Resources.Robert Phillips - 2004 - AMA Journal of Ethics 6 (6):258-260.
  43. added 2018-09-05
    The Estonian Healthcare System and the Genetic Database Project: From Limited Resources to Big Hopes.Margit Sutrop & Kadri Simm - 2004 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 13 (3):254-262.
    This article focuses on healthcare ethics discussions in Estonia. We begin with an overview of the reform policies that the healthcare institutions have undergone since the region regained independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. The principles of distributing healthcare services and questions regarding just what ethical healthcare should look like have received abundant coverage in the national media. An example of this is the exceptionally public case of V—a woman with leukemia whose expensive drugs the national health insurance fund (...)
  44. added 2018-09-05
    The Distribution of Biomedical Research Resources and International Justice.David B. Resnik - 2004 - Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):42–57.
    According to some estimates, less than 10% of the world's biomedical research funds are dedicated to addressing problems that are responsible for 90% of the world's burden of disease. This paper explains why this disparity exists and what should be done about it. It argues that the disparity exists because: 1) multinational pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies do not regard research and development investments on the health problems of developing nations to be economically lucrative; and 2) governmental agencies that sponsor biomedical (...)
  45. added 2018-09-05
    Book Review: Setting Limits Fairly: Can We Learn to Share Medical Resources? [REVIEW]Tom Meulenbergs - 2003 - Nursing Ethics 10 (2):224-225.
    Health care systems have four objectives: (1) the provision of the best possible care for all; while (2) guaranteeing equal access to health care; (3) maintaining freedom of choice for health care providers and patients; and (4) controlling the costs. In an ideal world with abundant resources the realization of these objectives would pose no significant problems. However, any actual health care system will need a trade-off between the different objectives because resources are limited. In Setting Limits Fairly, Norman Daniels (...)
  46. added 2018-09-05
    Utilitarianism and the Disabled: Distribution of Resources.Mark S. Stein - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (1):1–19.
    Utilitarianism is more convincing than resource egalitarianism or welfare egalitarianism as a theory of how resources should be distributed between disabled people and nondisabled people. Unlike resource egalitarianism, utilitarianism can redistribute resources to the disabled when they would benefit more from those resources than nondisabled people. Unlike welfare egalitarianism, utilitarianism can halt redistribution when the disabled would no longer benefit more than the nondisabled from additional resources. -/- The author considers one objection to this view: it has been argued, by (...)
  47. added 2018-09-05
    The Distribution of Medical Resources, Withholding Medical Treatment, Drug Trials,Advance Directives, Euthanasia and Other Ethical Issues: The Thandi Case (II).Trefor Jenkins, Darrel Moellendorf & Udo Schüklenk - 2001 - Developing World Bioethics 1 (2):163–174.
    In the first part of this article, we considered how Thandi, a 15-year-old girl, was treated when taken by her mother to their GP, Dr Randera. Dr Randera notified them that Thandi was pregnant, HIV positive, and had syphilis and herpes. Dr Randera also informed them that there was a substantial risk that the baby would be born HIV positive. Both Thandi and her mother wanted an abortion. However, Dr Randera, who was morally opposed to abortions, refused to provide the (...)
  48. added 2018-09-05
    Allocation of Resources and Personal Responsibility.Henk Amj ten Have - 2001 - In H. Ten Have & Bert Gordijn (eds.), Bioethics in a European Perspective. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 271.
  49. added 2018-09-05
    Ageing, Autonomy and Resources: Edited by A Harry Lesser, Aldershot, Ashgate, 1999, X + 245 Pages, Pound39.45 (Hb). [REVIEW]J. C. Hughes - 2001 - Journal of Medical Ethics 27 (1):69-69.
  50. added 2018-09-05
    Ageing, Autonomy and Resources.Harry Lesser - 1999
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