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1 — 50 / 341
  1. added 2020-05-22
    Parental Responsibility: A Moving Target.Dorothee Horstkötter, Daniela Cutas & Kristien Hens - 2017 - In Kristien Hens, Daniela Cutas & Dorothee Horstkötter (eds.), Parental Responsibility in the Context of Neuroscience and Genetics. Springer.
    Beliefs about the moral status of children have changed significantly in recent decades in the Western world. At the same time, knowledge about likely consequences for children of individual, parental, and societal choices has grown, as has the array of choices that (prospective) parents may have at their disposal. The intersection between these beliefs, this new knowledge, and these new choices has created a minefield of expectations from parents and a seemingly ever-expanding responsibility towards their children. Some of these new (...)
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  2. added 2020-05-20
    Respecting Disability Rights — Toward Improved Crisis Standards of Care.Michelle M. Mello, Govind Persad & Douglas B. White - 2020 - New England Journal of Medicine:DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2011997.
    We propose six guideposts that states and hospitals should follow to respect disability rights when designing policies for the allocation of scarce, lifesaving medical treatments. Four relate to criteria for decisions. First, do not use categorical exclusions, especially ones based on disability or diagnosis. Second, do not use perceived quality of life. Third, use hospital survival and near-term prognosis (e.g., death expected within a few years despite treatment) but not long-term life expectancy. Fourth, when patients who use ventilators in their (...)
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  3. added 2020-04-29
    Infectious Milk: Issues of Pathogenic Certainty Within Ideational Regimes and Their Biopolitical Implications.Stephen W. Speake - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (4):530-541.
    Throughout the 19th century and early decades of the 20th century, milk was a dangerous food that required state intervention to make it safe. Throughout this period, the germ theory of contagious disease came to prominence, but could not explicitly determine the causal relationships linking germs, milk, and human illness. Using the notion of an ideational regime, I examine how (1) knowledge claims move from uncertainty to certainty and become privileged claims within ideational regimes that (2) result in an unintended, (...)
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  4. added 2020-04-29
    The Legislation of Things.Ilana Löwy - 1997 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 28 (3):533-543.
  5. added 2020-04-27
    Canadian Medical System.J. M. Orient - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (4):614.
  6. added 2020-04-27
    Refusing Medical Treatment.L. M. Peterson - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (3):454.
  7. added 2020-04-27
    Medical Ethics in the Courtroom: The Need for Scrutiny.E. D. Pellegrino & Virginia Ashby Sharpe - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (4):547-564.
  8. added 2020-04-27
    The Oath: An Investigation of the Injunction Prohibiting Physician-Patient Sexual Relations.M. L. Campbell - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (2):300-308.
  9. added 2020-04-26
    "The Public Hospital Revisted: The Twenty-Fifth Anniversary of Jan de Hartog's" The Hospital".M. C. Holleman & W. L. Holleman - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (4):568-580.
  10. added 2020-04-26
    Medical Miracles From a Physician-Scientist's Viewpoint.R. E. Peschel & E. R. Peschel - 1988 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (3):391.
  11. added 2020-04-26
    On the Do Not Resuscitate Policy.H. Muslin & S. Schade - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 31 (2):285-290.
  12. added 2020-04-26
    Ethical Issues in Modern Medical Autobiographies.Suzanne Poirier - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (2):278.
  13. added 2020-04-22
    New Medical Technologies and the Ethical Challenges for Minors From the Perspective of Human Dignity.David Kirchhoffer & Kris Dierickx - 2011 - In Jan C. Joerden, Eric Hilgendorf, Natalia Petrillo & Felix Thiele (eds.), Menschenwürde und moderne Medizintechnik. Baden Baden:
    Summary This volume undertakes to determine the fundamentals and limits of an ethical assessment of the methods of modern medical technology with regard to the concepts of human dignity and human image, which are particularly important for this purpose. It shows that the philosophical-legal foundation of the term human dignity has not yet been clearly clarified; one even has to ask whether the term is (still) suitable for assessing ethical problems in medical technology. The term human image also needs clarification (...)
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  14. added 2020-04-20
    Who Should Decide? Paternalism in Health Care, by James F. Childress.M. Siegler - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 28 (3):452.
  15. added 2020-04-18
    DRGs (Diagnostic Related Groups): The Doctors' Dilemma.L. H. Holt - 1985 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 29 (2):219-226.
  16. added 2020-04-18
    Compromise United-States Pharmaceutical Legislation Enacted.Pb Hutt - 1984 - Bioessays 1 (6):276-278.
  17. added 2020-04-16
    Beneficence in Research Ethics.David G. Kirchhoffer, C. Favor & C. Cordner - 2019 - In D. Kirchhoffer & B. Richards (eds.), Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law. Cambridge:
    This chapter examines the explicit and implicit roles that the concept of beneficence plays in the guidelines that govern biomedical research involving humans. We suggest that the role beneficence is actually playing in the guidelines is more comprehensive than is commonly assumed. The broader conceptualisation of beneficence proposed here clarifies the relationship of beneficence to respect for autonomy. It does this by showing how respect for autonomy is at the service of beneficence rather than in tension with it.
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  18. added 2020-04-16
    Introduction: The Limits of Respect for Autonomy.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2019 - In D. Kirchhoffer & B. Richards (eds.), Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law. Cambridge:
    This book makes an important contribution to ongoing efforts in the fields of medical law and bioethics to answer the challenges posed by the limitations of the principle of respect for autonomy, especially as these pertain to human research ethics. The principle of respect for autonomy seems to have become firmly embedded in human research ethics since its inclusion in the 1947 Nuremberg Code, which was a response to atrocities committed by Nazi doctors. Nonetheless, there is an increasing awareness of (...)
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  19. added 2020-04-16
    Clarifying the Best Interests Standard: The Elaborative and Enumerative Strategies in Public Policy-Making.Chong Ming Lim, Michael C. Dunn & Jacqueline J. Chin - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (8):542-549.
    One recurring criticism of the best interests standard concerns its vagueness, and thus the inadequate guidance it offers to care providers. The lack of an agreed definition of ‘best interests’, together with the fact that several suggested considerations adopted in legislation or professional guidelines for doctors do not obviously apply across different groups of persons, result in decisions being made in murky waters. In response, bioethicists have attempted to specify the best interests standard, to reduce the indeterminacy surrounding medical decisions. (...)
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  20. added 2020-04-15
    Introduction: The Limits of Respect for Autonomy.David Kirchhoffer - 2019 - In David G. Kirchhoffer & Bernadette J. Richards (eds.), Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law. Cambridge: pp. 1-14.
    This book makes an important contribution to ongoing efforts in the fields of medical law and bioethics to answer the challenges posed by the limitations of the principle of respect for autonomy, especially as these pertain to human research ethics. The principle of respect for autonomy seems to have become firmly embedded in human research ethics since its inclusion in the 1947 Nuremberg Code, which was a response to atrocities committed by Nazi doctors. Nonetheless, there is an increasing awareness of (...)
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  21. added 2020-04-15
    Dignity, Being and Becoming in Research Ethics.David G. Kirchhoffer - 2019 - In D. Kirchhoffer & B. Richards (eds.), Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law. Cambridge:
    Since the end of World War II, most guidelines governing human research seem to have relied on the principle of respect for autonomy as a key, though not sole, criterion in assessing the moral validity of research involving human participants.1 One explanation for this apparent reliance on respect for autonomy may be that respect for autonomy, made effective through the practice of obtaining informed consent, functions as a useful proxy when dealing with competent adults for the more complex principle of (...)
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  22. added 2020-04-15
    Beyond Autonomy: Limits and Alternatives to Informed Consent in Research Ethics and Law.David Kirchhoffer & Bernadette J. Richards (eds.) - 2019 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Respect for autonomy has become a fundamental principle in human research ethics. Nonetheless, this principle and the associated process of obtaining informed consent do have limitations. This can lead to some groups, many of them vulnerable, being left understudied. This book considers these limitations and contributes through legal and philosophical analyses to the search for viable approaches to human research ethics. It explores the limitations of respect for autonomy and informed consent both in law and through the examination of cases (...)
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  23. added 2020-04-05
    Hyde Within the Boundaries of Mere Jekyll: Evil in Kant & Stevenson.Virgil W. Brower - 2020 - Polish Journal of Aesthetics 56 (1/2020):63-84.
    This essay experiments with Kant’s writings on rational religion distilled through the Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde as canonical confrontations with primal problems of evil. It suggests boundaries between Stevenson’s characters and their occupations comparable to the those conflicted in the Kantian university, namely, law, medicine, theology, and philosophy (which makes a short anticipatory appearance in his earlier text on rational religion). With various faculties it investigates diffuse comprehensions—respectively, legal crime, biogenetic transmission, and original sin—of key ethical (...)
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  24. added 2020-03-26
    Cooperation and Immoral Laws.Helen Watt - 2012 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 12 (2):241-248.
    In responding to an unjust legal situation involving human rights abuses, one approach is to seek a selective ban on some abuses if a more comprehensive ban is not feasible politically. While such an approach to embryo research or abortion, for example, can reasonably be applied, much harder to defend is regulation—that is, giving permission or instructions for others to do or prepare to do what we believe is morally wrong. Regulation necessarily involves us in wrongly intending that others choose (...)
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  25. added 2020-02-17
    Two Methods of Doing Bioethics.Dieter Birnbacher - 1994 - Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 2:173-185.
    The subject matter of ethics is morality, and ethics deals with it in four different though closely related ways: by analysis, by criticism, by norm construction, and by moral pragmatics.
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  26. added 2020-02-14
    A Smack on the Chin or a Nibble? Content Analysis of the Impact of the Oakwood Trilogy.Tyler Gibb - 2010 - Michigan State University Journal of Medicine and Law 14:93-128.
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  27. added 2020-02-09
    Review: An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine. [REVIEW]Igor Eterović - 2011 - Synthesis Philosophica 26 (1):244-246.
    The review of James Marcum's book starts with the explanation of the introductory character of the book in the field of philosophy of medicine. Than, the quality-of-care crisis is presented as the central motivation of the book. The clash between prevalent biomedical model in medicine and desirable humanistic model is explored through the presentation of all three parts of the book. The first part deals with metaphysical boundaries of biomedical and humanistic models. The second part is concerned with the epistemology (...)
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  28. added 2020-02-09
    Retheorizing Psychiatry: Birth of a Postmodern Clinic.Bradley Eugene Lewis - 2001 - Dissertation, The George Washington University
    In this dissertation, I use recent theoretical approaches in the human sciences to reconsider fundamental organizing structures of psychiatric knowledge. Chapter 1 outlines how the tropes of "theory" and "a-theory" are used in the human sciences and in psychiatry, critiques psychiatry's a-theoretical approach, and explores the possibilities for a retheorized psychiatry along the lines of work in the human sciences. Chapter 2 and 3 concentrate respectively on two key aspects of "theory"---language and power---and considers their role in shaping and fixing (...)
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  29. added 2020-02-09
    Law and Psychiatry: Rethinking the Relationship.Michael Moore - 1985 - Philosophical Quarterly 35 (141):425-432.
  30. added 2020-02-09
    CULVER, C. M. And GERT, B. "Philosophy in Medicine: Conceptual and Ethical Issues in Medicine and Psychiatry". [REVIEW]R. Lindley - 1984 - Mind 93:624.
  31. added 2020-02-07
    Targeted Chemotherapy, the Medical Ecosystem, and the Future of American Health Care.Muriel R. Gillick - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (2):268-284.
    In light of the central role that medications play in medical progress, the declining rate of new drug development over the past decade is cause for concern . Without important breakthroughs in drug discovery, the future will not be auspicious for the many people suffering from chronic and incurable illnesses. The sluggish pace of pharmaceutical innovation has been particularly characteristic of the largest drug manufacturers, which have generally focused their energies on potential blockbuster medications, those that can generate over $1 (...)
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  32. added 2020-02-07
    Psychiatric-Legal Decision Making by the Mental Health Practitioner the Clinician as de Facto Magistrate.Harvey Bluestone, Sheldon Travin & Douglas B. Marlowe - 1994
  33. added 2020-02-07
    Soviet Psychoprisons.Harvey Fireside - 1979
    The first official condemnation of political abuse of psychiatry in the USSR to be made by an international psychiatric organization came on August 30, 1977. On that date, the General Assembly, governing body of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), adopted a resolution of Britain's Royal College of Psychiatrists against "the systematic abuse of psychiatry for political purposes in the USSR." Subsequently passed by a vote of 122 to 66 was a resolution submitted by the American Psychiatric Association, to set up (...)
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  34. added 2020-02-07
    Commentary On: Tone Kvernbekk's "Evidence-Based Practice , Means-End Reasoning and Goal Directed Theories".Tracy Bowell - unknown
  35. added 2020-02-05
    Health Behavior Change and Treatment Adherence: Evidence-Based Guidelines for Improving Healthcare.Leslie Martin, Kelly Haskard-Zolnierek & M. Robin DiMatteo - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Relationships, jobs, and health behaviors-these are what New Year's resolutions are made of. Every year millions resolve to adopt a better diet, exercise more, become fit, or lose weight but few put into practice the health behaviors they aspire to. For those who successfully begin, the likelihood that they will maintain these habits is low. Healthcare professionals recognize the importance of these, and other, health behaviors but struggle to provide their patients with the tools necessary for successful maintenance of their (...)
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  36. added 2020-02-05
    Matters of Life and Death: A Jewish Approach to Modern Medical Ethics By Elliott N. Dorff.Audrey Gordon - 1999 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (1):147-148.
  37. added 2020-02-05
    The Function of Medical-Care Systems: A Logical Analysis.Horacio Fabrega & Carl A. Dragstedt - 1976 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (1):108-119.
  38. added 2020-02-05
    Medicine and Society in America 1660-1860 by Richard Harrison Shryock.Ilza Veith - 1960 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 4 (1):124-125.
  39. added 2020-02-03
    Medicine: The Public Good and One's Own.Walsh McDermott - 1978 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (2):167-187.
  40. added 2020-01-29
    Euthanasia Examined: Ethical, Clinical and Legal Perspectives Edited by John Keown.Audrey K. Gordon - 1997 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 40 (2):308-309.
  41. added 2020-01-29
    Medicine, Money and Morals: Physicians' Conflicts of Interest By Marc A. Rodwin.Richard A. Epstein - 1994 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (2):310-312.
  42. added 2020-01-29
    Understanding Medical Terminology.Ronald Singer - 1992 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 35 (2):309-310.
  43. added 2020-01-29
    Legal Frontiers of Death and Dying.Robert M. Walker - 1989 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 32 (2):310-313.
  44. added 2020-01-29
    Political Analysis and American Medical Care: Essays Ed. By Theodore R. Marmor.William D. White - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (2):304-307.
  45. added 2020-01-29
    The Doctor, the Patient, and the System: Reflections on Education for Clinical Careers.Jeremiah A. Barondess - 1983 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (2):261-273.
  46. added 2020-01-29
    The Healer-Patient/Family Relationship in Vonda N. McIntyre's "Of Mist, and Grass, and Sand".Anne Hudson Jones - 1983 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 26 (2):274-280.
  47. added 2020-01-29
    Hidden Health Disabilities and the Presidency: Medical Management and Political Consideration.Robert S. Robins & Henry Rothschild - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (2):240-253.
  48. added 2020-01-29
    Some Ethical Issues in Research Involving Human Subjects.LeRoy Walters, Carlos A. Schaffenburg & Samuel Stearns - 1977 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (2):193-214.
  49. added 2020-01-29
    An Appearance of Genocide: A Review of Governmental Family-Planning Program Policies. [REVIEW]James E. Allen - 1977 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 20 (2):300-306.
  50. added 2020-01-29
    The Ethics of Biomedical Interventions.Dwight J. Ingle - 1970 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 13 (3):364-387.
1 — 50 / 341