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  1. Soul-Switching and the Immateriality of Human Nature: On an Argument Reported by Razi.Pirooz Fatoorchi - 2021 - Theoria 87 (5):1067-1082.
    This article deals with an argument reported by Razi (d. 1210) that attempted to undermine the immaterialist position about human nature. After some introductory remarks and explanation of the conceptual background, the article analyses the structure of the argument, with special attention to the idea of soul-switching.’ Some comparisons are made between the argument reported by Razi and a number of arguments from modern and contemporary eras of philosophy. One section is devoted to the critique of the argument and its (...)
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  2. Suhrawardi's Metaphysics of Illumination.Mehdi Aminrazavi - 1992 - Hamdard Islamicous (1):19-38.
  3. The Muʿtazila's Arguments Against Divine Command Theory.Hashem Morvarid - forthcoming - Religious Studies.
    The Muʿtazilī theologians, particularly the later Imāmī ones, developed numerous interesting arguments against divine command theory. The arguments, however, have not received the attention they deserve. Some of the arguments have been discussed in passing, and some have not been dis-cussed at all. In this article, I aim to present and analyse the arguments. To that end, I first distinguish between different semantic, ontological, epistemological, and theological theses that were often conflated in the debate, and examine the logical relation among (...)
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  4. Nasir Khusraw and the Poetics of Enlightenment.Mohammad Azadpur - 2012 - In Pearls of Persia: the Philosophical Poetry of Nasir-i Khusraw. London, UK: pp. 73-90.
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  5. القرآن والصراع حول سلطة المعنى: صراع التأويلات.Mohamed Zekkari - 2019 - مركز نماء.
    لا تجدُ الكتبُ المقدّسة واقعيتها إلا حينما تخرج من دائرة الكتابة والمدوّن والطقوسية المغلقة، والمغلّفة بهالة من القدسيّة التي لا يكاد المرء معها أن ينفذ إلى المعاني والمقاصد الحقيقية للنصّ، نحو أفق القراءة المتجددة، وبالتالي سنجدُ أنفسنا أمام نصّ متجدّد لا ينضب معينه. تحقّق الوعي بمسألة العلاقة بين جمود النصّ وفاعلية القراءة في ظل الجدل الذي قام بين الدينيّ والسياسيّ، لحظة حمي الصّراع حول المعنى واقتيدت المعارك تحت ألوية تأويل القرآن، ''فالدين -أيُّ دين- نصوصٌ صامتة بين دفَّتين (= كالقرآن في (...)
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  6. Ghazālī’s Transformative Answer to Skepticism.Reza Hadisi - forthcoming - Theoria.
    In this paper, I offer a reconstruction of Ghazālī’s encounter with skepticism in the Deliverance from Error. For Ghazālī, I argue, radical skepticism about the possibility of knowledge ensues from intellectualist assumptions about the nature of justification. On the reading that I will propose, Ghazālī holds that foundational knowledge can only be justified via actions that lead to transformative experiences.
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  7. The Unity and Plurality of Beliefs and the Problem of Wahdat al-Ma‘būd according to the School of Vahdat al-Wujud.Muhammed Bedirhan - 2020 - Theosophia (1):91-116.
    Since the formation period, the concept of religion and the basic issues related to religiosity have been among the main subjects that attracted the Sūfīs. As a consequence, Sūfī writers showed great interest in the subject and endeavoured to produce a genuine religious thought. This tradition of religious thought, which was developed by the Sūfīs, also dealt with problems concerning other religious systems, their basic tenets and rituals, as well as the relationship with the members of other religions. In this (...)
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  8. Greek Wisdom Literature in Arabic Translation: A Study of the Graeco-Arabic Gnomologia.Georg Krotkoff & Dimitri Gutas - 1978 - American Journal of Philology 99 (2):273.
  9. Creative Imagining as Practical Knowing: An Akbariyya Account.Reza Hadisi - 2021 - Res Philosophica 98 (s):181-204.
    I argue that practical knowledge can be understood as constituted by a kind of imagining. In particular, it is the knowledge of what I am doing when that knowledge is represented via extramental imagination. Two results follow. First, on this account, we can do justice both to the cognitive character and the practical character of practical knowledge. And second, we can identify a condition under which imagination becomes factive, and thus a source of ob-jective evidence. I develop this view by (...)
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  10. KNOWLEDGE IN THE MAIN SOURCES OF THE PHILOSOPHY OF SUFISM IN THE PRE-GHAZZĀLĪ PERIOD.Emrah Kaya - 2020 - Dinbilimleri Akademik Arastirma Dergisi 2 (20):1403-1427.
    This article aims to elaborate on the pre-Ghazzālī period Sufis’ approaches to the concept of knowledge. We know that Ghazzālī, as a milestone in the Islamic thought, satisfies in taṣawwuf after a long quest. He benefits from the Sunnī taṣawwuf already established before him. Therefore, the importance of the sources feeding Ghazzālī’s Sufi view is manifest. Thus, in this article, I focus on the ideas of the main figures of the Sunnī taṣawwuf regarding the concept of knowledge. Having stated concisely (...)
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  11. The Idea of Subjective Faith in Al-Maturidi’s Theology.Yasin Ramazan Basaran - 2011 - Journal of Islamic Research (Islamitische Universiteit van Europa) 4 (ii):48-54.
    Al-Māturīdī is seemingly the first medieval theologian who gives precedence to his theory of knowledge over other theological issues. 4 He opens his discourse with a chapter of invalidity of taqlid and continues with a discussion of means of knowledge. In that chapter, Al-Māturīdī offers two ways of knowing the divine will: reason (‘aql) and tradition (sam’). For him, tradition, as a source of knowledge, refers to knowledge of past events, names of things, distant countries, benefits and harms of a (...)
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  12. Self-Knowledge and a Refutation of the Immateriality of Human Nature: On an Epistemological Argument Reported by Razi.Pirooz Fatoorchi - 2020 - International Philosophical Quarterly 60 (2):189-199.
    The paper deals with an argument reported by Razi (d. 1210) that was used to attempt to refute the immateriality of human nature. This argument is based on an epistemic asymmetry between our self-knowledge and our knowledge of immaterial things. After some preliminary remarks, the paper analyzes the structure of the argument in four steps. From a methodological point of view, the argument is similar to a family of epistemological arguments (notably, the Cartesian argument from doubt) and is vulnerable to (...)
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  13. Ontology and Cosmology of the ʿaql in Ṣadrā's Commentary on Uṣūl Al-Kāfī.SeyedAmirHossein Asghari - 2017 - Journal of Shi'a Islamic Studies 10 (2):157-182.
    ABSTRACT: Mullā Ṣadrā’s (c 1571-1640) commentary on Uṣūl al- Kāfī is one of the more famous commentaries on this significant Shi‘i hadith collection. For his philosophical and Sui background, Ṣadrā’s approach to the hadith is slightly different and in some ways contrary to the earlier commentators such as`Allāma Majlisī in Shi'a and Ibn Taymīyya in Sunni Islam. This paper aims to shed light on the way, Ṣadrā interprets al-Kāfī and particularly to determine his understanding of the ʿaql (intellect) at the (...)
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  14. Sunni: Makna, Acuan dan Ragam (Sunni: Meaning, Reference and Variety).Zainul Maarif - 2018 - Islamic Studies and Humanities 3 (2):103-126.
    Sunni or Sunnism stands for Ahlu As-Sunnah wa al-Jamā`ah which is also called ASWAJA. Many people publish and debate it without clear meaning and reference. This article is a demonstrative-linguistic study that outlines the meaning and reference to the term "Sunni" to understand it clearly. This research shows that Sunnis have at least two groups. First, Sunni Ahlu Al- Ḥadīts, the path of Ibn Hanbal and Ibn Taimiyyah, which tends to be puritan and at some point raises hardline intolerant Muslims. (...)
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  15. Fathur Rabbani Syekh Abdul Qadir Al-Jailani.Zainul Maarif - 2018 - Jakarta, Indonesia: Turos Pustaka.
    This is a book on being close to God, and then getting a blessing continuously.
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  16. Ernst Vogt: Israel – Kritik von links. Dokumentation einer Entwiddung. Hammer Verlag Zürich 1975, 235 pp. [REVIEW]Salcia Landmann - 1976 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 28 (3):287-288.
  17. Review Ibn-Sina’s Anticipation of the Formulas of Buridan and Barcan. [REVIEW]Irving H. Anellis - 2008 - The Review of Modern Logic 1: 73–86.
  18. Themistius’ Paraphrase of Aristotle’s Metaphysics 12: A Critical Hebrew-Arabic Edition of the Surviving Textual Evidence, with an Introduction, Preliminary Studies, and a Commentary.Yoav Meyrav - 2019 - Brill.
    In Themistius’ Paraphrase of Aristotle’s _Metaphysics_ 12, Yoav Meyrav offers a new critical edition and study of the Hebrew text and the Arabic fragments of Themistius’ 4th century paraphrase, whose original Greek is lost.
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  19. Nasir Al-Din Tusi.S. J. Badakhchani - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  20. Qoṭb-Al-Din Širāzi, Maḥmud.Sayyed ʿAbd-Allāh Anwār - unknown - Encyclopædia Iranica.
  21. Irānšahri.Dariush Kargar and EIr - unknown - Encyclopaedia Iranica.
  22. Abū Yaʿqūb Sejestānī.P. E. Walker - 2011 - Encyclopædia Iranica.
  23. Al-Sijistani, Abu Sulayman Muhammad.George N. Atiyeh - unknown - Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  24. Abu Ya‘Qub Al-Sijistani.Paul E. Walker - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  25. Tradizioni morali. Greci, ebrei, cristiani, islamici.Sergio Volodia Marcello Cremaschi - 2015 - Roma, Italy: Edizioni di storia e letteratura.
    Ex interiore ipso exeas. Preface. This book reconstructs the history of a still open dialectics between several ethoi, that is, shared codes of unwritten rules, moral traditions, or self-aware attempts at reforming such codes, and ethical theories discussing the nature and justification of such codes and doctrines. Its main claim is that this history neither amounts to a triumphal march of reason dispelling the mist of myth and bigotry nor to some other one-way process heading to some pre-established goal, but (...)
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  26. Mysticism and Traditional Philosophy in Persia, Pre-Islamic and Islamic.Seyyed Hossein Nasr - 1971 - Studies in Comparative Religion, 5 (4).
  27. The Status of Suhrawardi Studies in the West.Mehdi Aminrazavi - 2004 - Journal Of Religious Thought: A Quarterly of Shiraz University 1 (1):3-17.
  28. Suhrawardī on Knowledge and the Experience of Light.Hossein Ziai - 2005, - In Matthew T. Kapstein (ed.), The Experience of Light: Divine Radiance and Religious Experience. Chicago & London: The University of Chicago Press. pp. 25-44.
  29. Source and Nature of Authority: A Study of Suhrawardî's Illuminationist Political Doctrine.Hossein Ziai - 1992 - In Charles Butterworth (ed.), The Political Aspects of Islamic Philosophy: Essays in Honor of Muhsin S. Mahdi. Cambridge: Harvard University. pp. 304-344.
  30. Shihâb Al-Dîn Yahyâ Suhrawardî: Founder of the Illuminationist School.Hossein Ziai - 1995 - In S. H. Nasr and Oliver Leaman (ed.), History of Islamic Philosophy. London: Routledge,. pp. 434-464.
  31. Mulla Sadra: His Life and Works.Hossein Ziai - 1995. - In History of Islamic Philosophy. London: Routledge. pp. 635-641.
  32. Knowledge and Authority in Shī‘Ī Philosophy.Hossein Ziai - 2001 - In Linda Clarke (ed.), Shī‘ite Heritage: Essays on Classical and Modern Traditions. Binghamton and New York: GLOBAL PUBLICATIONS, Binghamton University. pp. 359-374.
  33. Definition and the Foundations of Knowledge in Illuminationist Philosophy: Section on Expository Propositions (Al-Aqwāl Al-Shāriḥa),.Hossein Ziai - 1993 - In Borhan Ibneh Yousef (ed.), Papers in Honor of ‘Ostād’ Javad Mosleh. Los Angeles: Research & Education Center. pp. 108-130.
  34. Causality in Mullā Sadrā’s Philosophical Text Al-Ta’Līqât ‘Alâ Sharḥ Ḥikmat Al-Ishrāq.Hossein Ziai - 2003 - In Seyed G. Safavi (ed.), Mulla Sadra & Comparative Philosophy on Causation. London:: Salman-Azadeh Publications. pp. 107-124.
  35. Beyond Philosophy: Suhrawardî's Illuminationist Path to Wisdom.Hossein Ziai - 1990. - In Frank E. Reynolds & David Tracy (eds.), Myth and Philosophy. New York: State University of New York Press. pp. 215-243.
  36. Who Is Nietzsche’s Zarathustra? Philosophy, Morality, & the Persians.Mohammad Azadpur - 1999 - New Nietzsche Studies 3:69-82.
  37. Unveiling the Hidden: On the Meditations of Descartes & Al-Ghazzali.Mohammad Azadpur - 2003 - In Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka (ed.), The Passions of the Soul: A Dialogue Between Phenomenology and Islamic Philosophy. Kluwer. pp. 219-240.
  38. Hegel and the Divinity of Light in Zoroastrianism and Islamic Phenomenology.Mohammad Azadpur - 2007 - The Classical Bulletin 82 (2):227-246.
  39. The Restless Nature of the Universe (نهاد نا آرام جهان).Abdolkarim Soroush - 1980 - Tehran: Serat.
  40. Mullah Sadra's Philosophical Ideas and a Biography of Him ( شرح حال و آرای فلسفی ملاصدرا).Sayyed Jalal-ed-Din Ashtiani - 1964 (1342) - Mashhad: Zavvar.
  41. Concerning Ibn 'Arabi’s Account of Knowlegde of God Al Haqq.Andi Herawati - 2013 - Kanz Philosophia : A Journal for Islamic Philosophy and Mysticism 3 (2):219.
    This paper reveals the concept of ma'rifa developed by Ibn al-'Arabi (d.1260), , especially in his magnum opus, Fuṣūṣ al-Ḥikam, the late work considered to the synthesis of his doctrine of metaphysics represented through the wisdom of each prophet; their uniqueness of divinely inspired and their epitome of spiritual perception, concerning the knowledge of God. It shows the transformative role of the prophet’s messages involving in the deeper creative process of divine-human dialogue, calling and response, that is repeatedly mentioned in (...)
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  42. Human Being in the Ontology of al-Ghazali.Abdullah Akgul - 2018 - Social Sciences Studies Journal 22 (4):3718-3727.
    Al-Ghazali's human understanding can be considered from two perspectives. The first of these is being born as a human, and the second is to be human in the sense of fulfilling the requirements of human nature. The main factor that determines this distinction is the existence of a special effort of the person. This article deals with the being born as a human part of al-Ghazali's human understanding. In other words, the subject of the essay is the place of man (...)
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  43. God and World in the Ontology of al-Ghazali.Abdullah Akgul - 2018 - Social Sciences Studies Journal 21 (4):3674-3682.
    The purpose of this article is to reveal al-Ghazali's understanding of God and world on the ontological basis. He bases the purpose of existence of the world with to know God. In such a study, it is difficult to distinguish ontology from epistemology. Al-Ghazali classifies beings in different perspectives. However, all beings consist of the God and acts of God. God is a unique entity, which is compulsory, source of existence and sacred. His adjectives are with him. God is completely (...)
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  44. Medieval Christian and Islamic Mysticism and the Problem of a 'Mystical Ethics'.Amber L. Griffioen & Mohammad Sadegh Zahedi - 2018 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Ethics. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. pp. 280-305.
    In this chapter, we examine a few potential problems when inquiring into the ethics of medieval Christian and Islamic mystical traditions: First, there are terminological and methodological worries about defining mysticism and doing comparative philosophy in general. Second, assuming that the Divine represents the highest Good in such traditions, and given the apophaticism on the part of many mystics in both religions, there is a question of whether or not such traditions can provide a coherent theory of value. Finally, the (...)
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  45. Reconciling Religion and Philosophy: Nasir-I Khusraw's (D. 1088) Jami' Al-Hikmatayn.Khalil Andani - 2016 - In Khaled El-Rouayheb Sabine Schmidtke (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Islamic Philosophy. New York: pp. 169-181.
    Nāṣir-i Khusraw (d. 481/1088), the renowned Ismāʿīlī philosopher, poet, travel writer, and missionary (dāʿī), took on the formidable challenge of showing the essential harmony between philosophy and Ismāʿīlī doctrine in his Jāmiʿ al-ḥikmatayn (The Reconciliation of Philosophy and Religion). After introducing his life and works, this chapter explores this text’s central themes and examines the manner in which Nāṣir attempts to achieve this reconciliation. Fundamental to Nāṣir’s method is a form of spiritual hermeneutics, or taʾwīl, through which he demonstrates that (...)
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  46. İbn Teymiyye’ye Göre İbn Arabî. [REVIEW]Emrah Kaya - 2017 - Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi 21:2073-2080.
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  47. İbn Teymiyye’ye Göre İbn Arabî, yazar Mustafa Kara. [REVIEW]Emrah Kaya - 2017 - Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi 21 (3):2107-2114.
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  48. Ebû Bekir Zekeriyyâ er-Râzî’nin Felsefî Görüşleri: İlâhiyyât (Metafizik) ve Tabîiyyât (Doğa Felsefesi). [REVIEW]Emrah Kaya - 2017 - Sakarya Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi 19 (36):225-231.
    Ebû Bekir Zekeriyyâ er-Râzî’nin Felsefî Görüşleri: İlâhiyyât (Metafizik) ve Tabîiyyât (Doğa Felsefesi), Turgut Akyüz, İstanbul: Ravza Yayınları, 2017, 255 s.
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  49. Rahasia Asmaul Husna (Ibn Arabi: The Secret of God's Names).Zainul Maarif - 2015 - Jakarta, Indonesia: Turos Pustaka.
    This is a book on a positive theology according to Ibn Arabi: a Spain Muslim mystics, His theology is a cure for an atheist. You will find from this book that belief in God is not alienation.
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  50. Kitab kebijaksanaan orang-orang gila (An-Naisaburi: Madness Wisdom).Zainul Maarif - 2017 - Jakarta, Indonesia: Wali Pustaka.
    This is a book on madness wisdom in Arabic-Islamic civilization.
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1 — 50 / 306