About this topic
Summary Medieval philosophy of language addresses a wide number of linguistic problems related to notions such as signification, reference, empty reference, analogy and univocity, theories of supposition, ambiguity, quantification, inference, validity, truth-conditions, modal assertions, logical operators, fallacies, dialectical and demonstrative argumentation, semantics and pragmatics, future contingents and paradoxes, as discussed in texts of both linguistic and theological nature. Other widely discussed topics are Priscianic grammar, Augustinian semiotics, angelic locution, divine nomination and mental language. 'Medieval' in this category covers authors as early as Boethius and Augustine and as late as Suárez.
Key works The medieval properties of terms - significatiow (Mora-Márquez 2015) and suppositio (Read 2002). The related problem of aequivocatio. Their role on problems touching upon inferentia (Read 2012) and veritas (Cesalli 2007). The logical analyses of fallaciae (Sten 2001), syllogismus dialecticus and demonstrativus. The definitions and further discussions on syncategoremata. The analysis of typically medieval logical exercises as obligationes, sophismata (Pironet forthcoming) and insolubilia.
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  1. added 2020-05-08
    Analogy, Semantics, and Hermeneutics: The “Concept Versus Judgment” Critique of Cajetan’s De Nominum Analogia.Joshua P. Hochschild - 2003 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 11 (2):241-260.
  2. added 2020-03-30
    Mauricio Beuchot: Hermenéutica analógica / Mauricio Beuchot and his Analogical Hermeneutics.Alberto Luis López - 2007 - Kathauton 1 (1):80-84.
    Mauricio Beuchot proposed in his work Treatise of Analogical hermeneutics (1997) a new interpretative model based in the ancient concept of "analogy". As his proposal is a new hermeneutical model, I describe here some of its main arguments with the aim of analyzing and discussing his analogical method of interpretation. / Mauricio Beuchot propuso en su obra Tratado de hermenéutica analógica (1997) una nueva herramienta interpretativa basada en el antiguo concepto de 'analogía'. Su propuesta refresca los debates en torno a (...)
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  3. added 2020-02-25
    Aquinas's Two Concepts of Analogy and a Complex Semantics for Naming the Simple God.Joshua Hochschild - 2019 - The Thomist 83 (2):155-184.
    This paper makes two main arguments. First, that to understand analogy in St. Thomas Aquinas, one must distinguish two logically distinct concepts he inherited from Aristotle: one a kind of likeness between things, the other a kind of relation between linguistic functions. Second, that analogy (in both of these senses) plays a relatively small role in Aquinas's treatment of divine naming, compared to the realist semantic framework in which questions about divine naming are formulated and resolved, and on which the (...)
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  4. added 2019-12-20
    Substance Made Manifest: Metaphysical and Semantic Implications of the Doctrine of Transubstantiation.Joshua Hochschild - 2014 - Saint Anselm Journal 9 (2).
    Argues that traditional Catholic understanding of transubstantiation is obscured by modern metaphysics' neglect of the category of substance, and by modern semantic assumptions about how words signify.
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  5. added 2019-12-20
    Review Of: Bernard Montagnes, The Doctrine of the Analogy of Being According to Thomas Aquinas, Trans. By E.M. Macierowski (Milwaukee: Marquette University Press, 2004). [REVIEW]Joshua Hochschild - 2008 - The Thomist 72:336-339.
    Review of the English translation of Bernard Montagnes' influential 1963 monograph on analogy in Aquinas. (Pre-publication copy -- please cite final version.).
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  6. added 2019-09-04
    Mapeando argumentos no sofisma ‘omnis homo de necessitate est animal’.Ernesto Perini-Santos - 2010 - Dois Pontos 7 (1).
    O sofisma ‘omnis homo de necessitate est animal’ é um dos mais discutidos naliteratura filosófica medieval. Meu objetivo neste texto é o de propor uma hipótese deanálise das estratégias argumentativas para uma resposta positiva, isto é, que consideraesta frase verdadeira. Para isto, trabalharei com três textos: a hipótese será formulada apartir da leitura do AnonymusGC611, soph. 7, e será em seguida testada, de maneirapreliminar, nos bem mais longos Anonymus Erfordensise Gonville e Caius 512-543. Umaestratégia postula próprio de ser como relatumde (...)
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  7. added 2019-07-29
    Virtus Sermonis and the Trinity.Maarten J. F. M. Hoenen - 2001 - Medieval Philosophy & Theology 10 (2):157-171.
  8. added 2019-06-07
    Wahrheit als 'adaequatio' - Bedeutung, Deutung, Klassifikation.C. Kann - 1999 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 66 (2):209-224.
    Die Adäquationstheorie der Wahrheit wird meist explizit oder implizit mit der Korrespondenztheorie der Wahrheit identifiziert, oft gilt «adaequatio» als Inbegriff eines korrespondenztheoretischen Wahrheitsverständnisses. Diese Gleichsetzung soll hier einer Kritik unterzogen werden. Nach einleitenden Bemerkungen zum korrespondenztheoretischen Wahrheitsverständnis werde ich auf die Adäquationstheorie der Wahrheit bei ihrem wichtigsten Vertreter Thomas von Aquin und dabei auch auf das sog. ontologische Wahrheitsverständnis eingehen, um mich dann erneut der Korrespondenz- und der Adäquationstheorie aus vergleichender Perspektive zuzuwenden. Meine Untersuchung zur Wahrheit als adaequatio wird also (...)
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  9. added 2019-06-07
    Himmlische Sätze: Die Beweisbarkeit von Glaubenss'tzen nach Wilhelm von Ockham.Martin Lenz - 1998 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 3 (1):99-120.
    In reply to the question whether articles of faith can be demonstrated, William of Ockham articulated a peculiar thesis: Even though it is impossible to prove articles of faith in this life, the blessed in heaven could demonstrate our creditive propositions. In contrast to traditional views, William held that both conclusions drawn in heaven and conclusions drawn in this life are subject to the same criteria. This assumption led to a controversy between William's contemporaries, namely, Walter Chatton and Adam Wodeham, (...)
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  10. added 2019-06-06
    ARISTOTLE, DE INTERPRETATIONE - Noriega-Olmos Aristotle's Psychology of Signification. A Commentary on De Interpretatione 16a3–18. Pp. X + 185. Berlin and Boston: De Gruyter, 2013. Cased, €79.95, US$112. ISBN: 978-3-11-028765-3. [REVIEW]Ana Maria Mora-Márquez - 2014 - The Classical Review 64 (2):403-404.
  11. added 2019-06-06
    Albert the Great and “Univocal Analogy”.Victor M. Salas - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):611-635.
    In this paper I discuss Albert the Great’s notion of univocal analogy, which he raised in his Commentary on Pseudo-Dionysius’s De divinis nominibus. While other scholars such as Francis Ruello and Alain de Libera have addressed “analogy” as it pertains to Albert, I intend to treat the “univocal” aspect of “univocal analogy” so as to explain how it informs Albert’s teaching on analogy, and how it remains opposed to any pantheistic reduction of God to creature. While my own account remains (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Duns Scotus and Analogy: A Brief Note.Richard Cross - 2012 - Modern Schoolman 89 (3/4):147-154.
    Duns Scotus defends the view that we can speak univocally of God and creatures. When we do so, we use words in the same sense in the two cases. Scotus maintains that the concepts that these univocal words signify are themselves univocal: the same concept in the two cases. In this paper, I consider a related question: does Duns Scotus have the notion of analogous concepts—concepts whose relation to each other lies somewhere between the univocal and the equivocal? Using some (...)
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  13. added 2019-06-06
    Quaestiones Circa Logicam. [REVIEW]Sara L. Uckelman - 2011 - Speculum 86 (3):719-720.
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Concepts, Mirrors, and Signification: Response to Deely.John O’Callaghan - 2010 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 84 (1):133-162.
    This article is a reply by the author to John Deely’s book review “How to Go Nowhere with Language: Remarks on John O’Callaghan, Thomist Realism and the Linguistic Turn”. Its main topics are: Deely’s view that, for Aquinas, the concept is distinct from the act of understanding, John of St. Thomas’s use of mirror images as a metaphor for how concepts work in cognition, and the sign relation posited by Aristotle that stands between words and concepts of the mind.
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Is Buridan’s Theory of Abstraction Incompatible with His Nominalist Semantics? An Evaluation of Klima’s Charge Against Buridan.Joseph Hill - 2010 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 84:167-178.
    This paper addresses Klima’s charge of inconsistancy against John Buridan in a book recently published on the subject. Klima argues that Buridan’s theoryof abstraction commits him to the aspectuality of substantial concepts. However, his semantics of absolute terms and concepts prevents him from accepting anyaspectuality of substantial concepts. In light of this problem, the paper gives a detailed reconstruction of Buridan’s account of abstraction, beginning with sensoryperception and singular cognition and ending with the formation of substantial concepts that have a (...)
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  16. added 2019-06-06
    John Buridan’s Propositional Semantics: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Miroslav Hanke - 2009 - Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (2):183-208.
    The paper deals with Buridan’s approach to the problems of propositional semantics, contained in his logical works. This question can be conceived both as semantic and ontological. Buridan’s solution of both of these questions is based upon a terminist theory of meaning. Theory of truth is constructed as suppositional, not as significational, which enables the definition of truth in terms of the semantic values of components of a particular kind of proposition. The other important problem, the semantic analysis of accusative (...)
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  17. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophical and Theological Analysis of the Language of Prayer: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Peter Volek - 2009 - Studia Neoaristotelica 6 (1):91-98.
    In this paper, we examine the issue of the language of the Christian prayer from philosophical and theological point of view. We come to the conclusion that for the closer enquiry of the Christian prayer philosophy can be inspired by theology. For if we want to determine exactly between whom the relation of prayer lies, we might need to draw on the inspiration from the theological sources concerning the Holy Trinity as well as the involvement of all the saints, especially (...)
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  18. added 2019-06-06
    Appellation, Signification, & Universal Names According to Richard Rufus.Rega Wood - 2008 - Modern Schoolman 86 (1/2):65-122.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    The Semantics of Substantial Names - The Tradition of the Commentaries on Aristotle's Metaphysic.Fabrizio Amerini - 2008 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 75 (2):395-440.
    Aristotle begins the third chapter of book VIII of the Metaphysics by claiming that sometimes it is not clear whether a name refers to the composite substance or to the actuality and the form, for instance whether «animal» refers to the soul in a body or simply to the soul. In solving this problem, Aristotle states that the name «animal» can refer to both, not, however, in one and the same sense but rather by expressing two different senses which are (...)
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  20. added 2019-06-06
    Richard Rufus’s Reformulations of Anselm’s Proslogion Argument.Richard DeWitt & R. James Long - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (3):329-347.
    In a Sentences Commentary written about 1250 the Franciscan Richard Rufus subjects Anselm’s argument for God’s existence in his Proslogion to the most trenchant criticism since Gaunilon wrote his response on behalf of the “fool.” Anselm’s argument is subtle but sophistical, claims Rufus, because he fails to distinguish between signification and supposition. Rufus therefore offers five reformulations of the Anselmian argument, which we restate in modern formal logic and four of which we claim are valid, the fifth turning on a (...)
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    The Nature of Naming and the Analogy of Being: McInerny and the Denial of a Proper Analogy of Being.Paul Symington - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):91-102.
    This paper addresses the question of whether there is a proper analogy of being according to both meaning and being. I disagree with Ralph McInerny’s understanding of how things are named through concepts and argue that McInerny’s account does not allow for the thing represented by the name to be known in itself. In his understanding of analogy, only ideas of things may be known. This results in a wholesale inability to name things at all and thereby forces McInerny to (...)
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Significatio a Appellatio v sémantice Anselma z Canterbury: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Marek Otisk - 2006 - Studia Neoaristotelica 3 (2):160-179.
    This paper is consecrated to the problems of the semantics in the Anselm’s philosophy of language – one of the most important parts of his philosophical inquiry. The main care is focused to the analysis of terms veritas and rectitudo, mainly because of significatio and the semantics – e.g. significatio with respect to names. Special passage refers to denominative names, because in their case Anselm of Canterbury makes differences between significatio and appellatio in his semantic analysis.
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    I—Marilyn McCord Adams: What's Metaphysically Special About Supposits? Some Medieval Variations on Aristotelian Substance1.Marilyn McCord Adams - 2005 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 79 (1):15-52.
    [Marilyn McCord Adams] In this paper I begin with Aristotle's Categories and with his apparent forwarding of primary substances as metaphysically special because somehow fundamental. I then consider how medieval reflection on Aristotelian change led medieval Aristotelians to analyses of primary substances that called into question how and whether they are metaphysically special. Next, I turn to a parallel issue about supposits, which Boethius seems in effect to identify with primary substances, and how theological cases-the doctrines of the Trinity, the (...)
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    K modálnímu ontologickému důkazu: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Petr Dvořák - 2004 - Studia Neoaristotelica 1 (1/2):33-69.
    The article deals with various modal versions of the ontological argument from N. Malcolm’s to P. Tichý’s interpretation of Anselm’s second proof. Three key presuppositions of the modal proof are pin-pointed and examined. The principal problem with the proof seems to be the notion of necessary existence attributed to God. More precisely, the question is whether this is not too strong an attribute, for then there would not be a situation, i.e. a possible world, consistently thinkable which precludes the existence (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Categories and Logic in Duns Scotus: An Interpretation of Aristotle's "Categories" in the Late Thirteenth CenturyGiorgio Pini.John F. Wippel - 2004 - Speculum 79 (4):1126-1127.
  26. added 2019-06-06
    Entre magie et sémiotique - Roger Bacon et les caractères chinois.B. Grévin - 2003 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 70 (1):118-138.
    Les silences de Marco Polo sont presque aussi fascinants que ses descriptions. Avec les récits du voyageur vénitien, la Chine entre pour la première fois en force dans l’imaginaire occidental à l’extrême fin du XIIIe siècle, sous le nom de Catay. Pourtant, au milieu de la description du papier monnaie, des pompes de la cour impériale ou des splendeurs de Hanzhou, un trait essentiel et hautement spectaculaire de la civilisation chinoise manque complètement dans le Devisement du Monde. A aucun moment (...)
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Panaccio, Claude, Le discours intérieur. De Platon à Guillaume d'Ockham, Paris, Éditions du Seuil, 1999, 341 pages. Panaccio, Claude, Le discours intérieur. De Platon à Guillaume d'Ockham, Paris, Éditions du Seuil, 1999, 341 pages. [REVIEW]Guy Hamelin - 2002 - Philosophiques 29 (1):147-150.
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Le Discours Intérieur de Platon À Guillaume d'Ockham. [REVIEW]E. J. Ashworth - 2002 - Dialogue 41 (1):202-203.
    Since Jerry Fodor's classic discussion in The Language of Thought, the notion of inner discourse has played an important role in debates about the philosophy of mind. Philosophers argue that in order to explain the productive, systematic nature of thought and to provide a naturalistic framework for the understanding of the subset of mental processes constituted by propositional attitudes, we need to postulate an inner system of mental representations. This system is characterized by a combinatorial syntax and semantics such that (...)
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    Abelard on Meaning and Usage: Some Implications for the "Ethics".Deborah Vess - 2000 - Modern Schoolman 77 (3):217-234.
  30. added 2019-06-06
    Species, Concept, and Thing: Theories of Signification in the Second Half of the Thirteenth Century.Giorgio Pini - 1999 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 8 (1):21-52.
    Students of later medieval semantics are familiar with the controversy that developed at the end of the thirteenth century over the signification of names. The debate focused on the signification of common nouns such as and : Do they signify an extramental thing or a mental representation of an extramental thing? 1 Duns Scotus is commonly recognized as having played an important role in this debate. 2 In his Ordinatio, he alludes to a magnaaltercatio among his contemporaries concerning signification. 3 (...)
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    Alessandro D. Conti, Esistenza e verità: Forme e strutture del reale in Paolo Veneto e nel pensiero filosofico del tardo medioevo. (Nuovi Studi Storici, 33.) Rome: Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 1996. Paper. Pp. vi, 324.Alan R. Perreiah - 1999 - Speculum 74 (1):147-150.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Richard Rufus on Naming Substances.Elizabeth Karger - 1998 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 7 (1):51-67.
    Some names, specifically the proper names by which people are called, are considered by at least one prominent contemporary philosopher. 1 Looking at the matter from the perspective of medieval philosophy, we might say that the reason such names are semantically ill-behaved is that the act of naming from which they derive is not one of adequate naming. Moreover, supposing that all manner of beings, including people, are we might let adequate naming be governed by the following principle: an agent (...)
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Obligations in Early Thirteenth Century Paris: The Obligationes of Nicholas of Paris. Braakhuis - 1998 - Vivarium 36 (2):152-233.
  34. added 2019-06-06
    The Logic of Growth: Twelfth-Century Nominalists and the Development of Theories of the Incarnation.Christopher J. Martin - 1998 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 7 (1):1-15.
    Among the various testimonia assembled by Iwakuma and Ebbesen to the twelfth-century school of philosophers known as the Nominales, 1 four record their commitment to the apparently outrageous thesis that nothing grows. My aim in this essay is to explore the reasons the Nominales had for maintaining this thesis and to investigate the role that the theory which supported it played in the development of late twelfth- and early thirteenth-century debates over the character of the hypostatic union. My investigation concerns (...)
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  35. added 2019-06-06
    Burley's So-Called Tractatus Primus, with an Edition of the Additional Quaestio “Utrum Contradictio Sit Maxima Oppositio”. de Rijk - 1996 - Vivarium 34 (2):161-191.
  36. added 2019-06-06
    Suárez on the Analogy of Being: Some Historical Background. Ashworth - 1995 - Vivarium 33 (1):50-75.
  37. added 2019-06-06
    A Scotistic Discussion of “Deus Est” as a Propositio Per Se Nota.E. P. Bos - 1995 - Vivarium 33 (2):197-234.
  38. added 2019-06-06
    Occam redivivus: Claude Panaccio, Les mots, les concepts et les choses , Paris-Montréal, Bellarmin-Vrin , 1992, 288 pages. [REVIEW]Cyrille Michon - 1994 - Philosophiques 21 (2):577-597.
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  39. added 2019-06-06
    Naming the Rose: Eco, Medieval Signs, and Modern Theory.Theresa Coletti.Marilyn Migiel - 1992 - Speculum 67 (1):132-133.
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Boethius on Signification and Mind.John Magee (ed.) - 1989 - Brill.
    INTRODUCTION The following is a study of Boethius' thought on signification which attempts to situate that thought historically and to evaluate it ...
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    F. W. Zimmermann, "Al-Farabi's Commentary and Short Treatise on Aristotle's De Interpretatione". [REVIEW]Allan Bäck - 1983 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 21 (3):396.
  42. added 2019-06-06
    Significatio and Suppositio: Reflections on Ockham’s Semantics.Michael J. Loux - 1979 - New Scholasticism 53 (4):407-427.
  43. added 2019-06-06
    Ockham’s Theory of Natural Signification.Marilyn McCord Adams - 1978 - The Monist 61 (3):444-459.
    Ockham is called a nominalist because he identifies universals with names. But there are different kinds of names and a variety of forms of nominalism. One sort says that universals are names whose meaning is ultimately to be explained in terms of the conventions of linguistic communities. Ockham appears never to have taken such a “nominalism of convention” very seriously. Citing the possible position that.
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  44. added 2019-06-06
    Logic, Language, and Albert the Great.Richard F. Washell - 1973 - Journal of the History of Ideas 34 (3):445.
  45. added 2019-06-06
    Logica Modernorum: A Contribution to the History of Early Terminist Logic. Volume I: On the Twelfth Century Theories of Fallacy. Volume II: The Origin and Early Development of the Theory of Supposition.Norman Kretzmann - 1970 - Philosophical Review 79 (2):262-268.
  46. added 2019-06-06
    Le Peri Hermeneias En Occident de Boèce À Saint Thomas: Histoire Littéraire D’Un Tratié D’Aristote. [REVIEW]Joseph N. Garvin - 1956 - New Scholasticism 30 (3):400-401.
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  47. added 2019-06-06
    The Logical Status of Supposition.D. Pears, A. H. Basson & Bernard Mayo - 1951 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 25 (1):83-124.
  48. added 2019-06-05
    Medieval Commentators on Future Contingents in De Interpretatione 9.Simo Knuuttila - 2010 - Vivarium 48 (1):75-95.
    This article considers three medieval approaches to the problem of future contingent propositions in chapter 9 of Aristotle's _De interpretatione_. While Boethius assumed that God's atemporal knowledge infallibly pertains to historical events, he was inclined to believe that Aristotle correctly taught that future contingent propositions are not antecedently true or false, even though they may be characterized as true-or-false. Aquinas also tried to combine the allegedly Aristotelian view of the disjunctive truth-value of future contingent propositions with the conception of all (...)
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  49. added 2019-06-05
    Metaphor and the Logicians From Aristotle to Cajetan.E. Jennifer Ashworth - 2007 - Vivarium 45 (2):311-327.
    I examine the treatment of metaphor by medieval logicians and how it stemmed from their reception of classical texts in logic, grammar, and rhetoric. I consider the relation of the word 'metaphor' to the notions of translatio and transumptio, and show that it is not always synonymous with these. I also show that in the context of commentaries on the Sophistical Refutations metaphor was subsumed under equivocation. In turn, it was linked with the notion of analogy not so much in (...)
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  50. added 2019-06-05
    Le «Pan-Propositionnalisme» de Jean Wyclif Le «Pan-Propositionnalisme» de Jean Wyclif.Laurent Cesalli - 2005 - Vivarium 43 (1):124-155.
    This paper shows how Wyclif is able at the same time to claim that whatever is is a proposition and to develop a nontrivial theory of propositional truth and falsity. The study has two parts: 1) Starting from Wyclif's fivefold propositional typology – including a propositio realis and asic esse sicut propositio significat – we will analyse the three different kinds of real predication, the distinction between primary and secondary signification of propositions and the status of logical truth as opposed (...)
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