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1 — 50 / 522
  1. added 2020-05-22
    Augustine on God’s Simplicity: A Reply to Richard La Croix.William J. Wainwright - 1979 - New Scholasticism 53 (1):118-123.
  2. added 2020-01-18
    Disability in Medieval Christian Philosophy and Theology.Scott M. Williams (ed.) - 2020 - Oxford: Routledge.
    This book uses the tools of analytic philosophy of disability (and Disability Studies more generally) and close readings of medieval Christian philosophical and theological texts in order to survey what these thinkers said about what today we call “disability.” The chapters also compare what these medieval authors say with modern and contemporary philosophers and theologians of disability. This dual approach enriches our understanding of the history of disability in medieval Christian philosophy and theology and opens up new avenues of research (...)
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  3. added 2019-12-20
    Inhabitace Boha V Duši.David Peroutka - 2013 - Studia Neoaristotelica 10 (3):52-71.
    The New Testament testifies the fact of divine inhabitation in the soul. This raises the question of what philosophical means may be employed in order to explicate such a theological supposition. Irenaeus and Basil the Great seem to suggest that God is present in the soul as a form in a matter. Thomas Aquinas speaks of God in-existing in us as an efficient cause of our existence and of the grace. In accordance with the modern Thomists we may understand the (...)
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  4. added 2019-12-05
    Nicola Cusano da Colonia a Roma (1425-1450). Università, politica e umanesimo nel giovane Cusano.Andrea Fiamma - 2019 - Münster, Germania: Aschendorff Verlag.
    Il volume ripercorre lo sviluppo del pensiero del giovane Nicola Cusano dalla frequentazione del maestro albertista Eimerico da Campo presso l’Università di Colonia (1425) e dal confronto con le posizioni filosofiche dei domenicani dello Studium coloniense, fino agli anni della maturità a Roma (1450). Il saggio illustra il contesto storico-culturale della genesi del De docta ignorantia, testo che suggella la presa di distanza di Cusano dal proprio passato universitario ma anche, al contempo, la sua insoddisfazione nei confronti dell’umanesimo diffuso in (...)
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  5. added 2019-11-12
    Advent of Auto-Affection: Givenness & Reception in Jean-Luc Marion.Virgil W. Brower - 2019 - Acta Universitas Carolinae Theologica 9 (1):31-44.
    Marion obliquely suggests that we return to religion when we think through and struggle with those topics that philosophy excludes or subjugates. This paper investigates a selection of such subjugated motifs. Marion’s recent claim (perhaps even ‘principle’): “auto-affection alone makes possible hetero-affection,” will be examined through piecemeal influences made upon its development through Marion’s return to religious thinking beyond the delimited jurisdiction of philosophy. Although still proper to the philosophies of Descartes, Kant, and Husserl, Marion finds new insights by tracing (...)
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  6. added 2019-11-04
    Reason, Authority, and the Healing of Desire in the Writings of Augustine.Mark J. Boone - 2020 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    In Reason, Authority, and the Healing of Desire in the Writings of Augustine, Mark Boone explains Augustine’s theology of desire in a cross-section of his writings. He shows that Augustine's writings consistently teach a Platonically informed, yet distinctively Christian, theology of desire.
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  7. added 2019-09-12
    The Science of Conjecture: Evidence and Probability Before Pascal.James Franklin - 2001 - Baltimore, USA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
    How were reliable predictions made before Pascal and Fermat's discovery of the mathematics of probability in 1654? What methods in law, science, commerce, philosophy, and logic helped us to get at the truth in cases where certainty was not attainable? The book examines how judges, witch inquisitors, and juries evaluated evidence; how scientists weighed reasons for and against scientific theories; and how merchants counted shipwrecks to determine insurance rates. Also included are the problem of induction before Hume, design arguments for (...)
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  8. added 2019-07-29
    Virtus Sermonis and the Trinity.Maarten J. F. M. Hoenen - 2001 - Medieval Philosophy & Theology 10 (2):157-171.
  9. added 2019-07-28
    Peter Auriol on Connotative Distinction and His Criticism of Scotus’s Formal Distinction.Giacomo Fornasieri - 2018 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 29:231-274.
    The aim of this paper is to outline Peter Auriol’s theory of connotative distinction as applied to the divine attributes and his criticism of Scotus’s formal distinction, as well. He mainly tackles this issue in two important texts : his Scriptum I, dist. 8, q. 3 and his Quodlibet q. 1. Although Auriol takes into account the opinions of various scholars on the matter, Scotus plays the role of the main debater in both texts. Accordingly, the rst part of this (...)
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  10. added 2019-07-04
    Жанрова та ідеологічна пам’ять ландшафтів в українських середньовічних ходіннях до раю.Olena Peleshenko - 2018 - NaUKMA Researh Papers. Literary Studies 1:25-37.
    У статті розглянуто феномени жанрової та ідеологічної пам’яті ландшафтів українських ходінь до раю та показано поліморфізм функцій просторових описів у середньовічній літературі. Теоретичний аспект дослідження передбачає осмислення способів протистояння авторської інстанції стихіям культурної та жанрової пам’яті, яка зберігає усі ціннісні, етичні й естетичні програми претекстів новопосталого твору. На позначення цього явища запроваджено термін «криптограматичність літературного дискурсу», сила опору якій прямо пропорційна до меж індивідуалізму письменницької свободи, установленої в рамках кожної культурно-історичної епохи. З цієї перспективи стверджено, що специфіка ходіння до раю (...)
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  11. added 2019-06-07
    Reflections on the Logic of the Ontological Argument: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.Paul E. Oppenheimer & Edward N. Zalta - 2007 - Studia Neoaristotelica 4 (1):28-35.
    The authors evaluate the soundness of the ontological argument they developed in their 1991 paper. They focus on Anselm’s first premise, which asserts that there is a conceivable thing than which nothing greater can be conceived. After casting doubt on the argument Anselm uses in support of this premise, the authors show that there is a formal reading on which it is true. Such a reading can be used in a sound reconstruction of the argument. After this reconstruction is developed (...)
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  12. added 2019-06-06
    Some Later Medieval Theories on the Eucharist: Thomas Aquinas, Giles of Rome, Duns Scotus, and William Ockham. By Marilyn McCord Adams. Pp. 318, NY, Oxford University Press, 2011, $43.00. [REVIEW]Charles Cassini - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (3):461-462.
  13. added 2019-06-06
    Aquinas, Suarez, and Malebranche on Instrumental Causation and Premotion.Louis A. Mancha Jr - 2012 - International Philosophical Quarterly 52 (3):335-353.
    In the analysis of Aquinas, instrumental causation is central to his doctrine of providence, yet their connection is not widely understood. On the one hand, early modern thinkers like Nicolas Malebranche claim that any notion of instrumental causation is unintelligible as a mode of divine operation. Alternatively, certain Thomists commit Aquinas to the doctrine of premotion, which partially resolves the problem of instrumental causation, but only at the cost of eliminating the causal freedom of creatures. In this paper I address (...)
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  14. added 2019-06-06
    Gödelův důkaz Boží existence: A Journal of Analytic Scholasticism.David Černý & Elisa Ferretti - 2011 - Studia Neoaristotelica 8 (2):211-248.
    Dissertatio proposita circa “argumentum ontologicum” pro existentia Dei, quem K. Goedel construxit, versatur. In prima parte structuram logicam dicti argumenti exponimus, singulos gradus argumenti explicamus, “collapsumque modalitatum”, quo argumentum invalidari invenitur, examinamus. Sequenti parte recentiores quasdam confectiones argumenti pertractamus; et scil. praecipue formam eius, quae super conceptum mathematicum multitudinis seu “complexus elementorum terminatorum” fundatur, et formam “algebraicam”, quarum affinitates quasdam notabiles prae oculos ponimus. Ultima parte disceptationes, quae circa huiusce argumenti validitatem ac momentum respectu modernae theisticae philosophiae agebantur, describimus. Loco (...)
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  15. added 2019-06-06
    Robert Bartlett, The Natural and the Supernatural in the Middle Ages. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008. Pp. X+170. ISBN 978-0-521-70255-3. £17.99. [REVIEW]Margaret Osler - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Science 43 (2):291-292.
  16. added 2019-06-06
    Augustine and Grace Ex Nihilo: The Logic of Augustine’s Response to the Monks of Hadrumetum and Marseilles.Susannah Ticciati - 2010 - Augustinian Studies 41 (2):401-422.
  17. added 2019-06-06
    Augustine on the Rule of Faith: Rhetoric, Christology, and the Foundation of Christian Thinking.Lewis Ayres - 2005 - Augustinian Studies 36 (1):33-49.
  18. added 2019-06-06
    God and Reason in the Middle AgesEdward Grant.G. R. Evans - 2003 - Speculum 78 (4):1299-1300.
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  19. added 2019-06-06
    Will and Interiority in Augustine: Travels in an Unlikely Place.James Wetzel - 2002 - Augustinian Studies 33 (2):139-160.
  20. added 2019-06-06
    The Admonitions of Saint Francis: Sources and Meanings. Robert J. Karris.David Burr - 2001 - Speculum 76 (4):1062-1063.
  21. added 2019-06-06
    St. Augustine’s Dilemma. Grace and Eternal Law in the Major Works of Augustine of Hippo. [REVIEW]Anne-Marie Bowery - 2001 - Augustinian Studies 32 (1):147-150.
  22. added 2019-06-06
    EDWARD M. MACIEROWSKI. Thomas Aquinas’s Earliest Treatment of Divine Essence. [REVIEW]Martin Henn - 1999 - Modern Schoolman 77 (1):95-98.
  23. added 2019-06-06
    Boland, Vivian. Ideas in God According to Saint Thomas Aquinas: Sources and Synthesis. [REVIEW]Lawrence Dewan - 1999 - Review of Metaphysics 53 (2):429-430.
  24. added 2019-06-06
    History and Faith in Augustine’s De Trinitate.Basil Studer - 1997 - Augustinian Studies 28 (1):7-50.
  25. added 2019-06-06
    Creation and 'Actualism': The Dialectical Dimension of Philosophical Theology.David B. Burrell - 1994 - Medieval Philosophy & Theology 4:25-41.
  26. added 2019-06-06
    Divine Omniscience and Omnipotence In Medieval Philosophy: Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Perspectives. [REVIEW]Neil A. Stubbens - 1988 - Idealistic Studies 18 (2):185-186.
    This collection of thirteen previously unpublished essays arose from a conference in 1982 entitled “Divine Omniscience, Omnipotence, and Future Contingents in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought.” The book is divided into four sections: two essays provide an introduction to the subject; four give an account of various Islamic views; a further four concern Jewish writers; and the last three focus on Christian thought.
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Bonaventure’s Delight in Sensation.Helen S. Lang - 1986 - New Scholasticism 60 (1):72-90.
  28. added 2019-06-06
    Middle Ages Science and Creation in the Middle Ages: Henry of Langenstein on Genesis. By Nicholas H. Steneck. Notre Dame & London: University of Notre Dame Press, 1976. Pp. 231. £9.75. [REVIEW]Gordon Leff - 1978 - British Journal for the History of Science 11 (3):285-287.
  29. added 2019-06-06
    St. Thomas Aquinas’ Philosophy in the Commentary to the Sentences. [REVIEW]O. J. - 1977 - Review of Metaphysics 30 (3):532-533.
    This book notes that from the standpoints of "speculative vigor, originality and profoundness of thought" the Scripta on the Sentences "ranks first in the long list of Aquinas’ works". Yet, it claims, no commentator "has ever tried to extract from it the basic elements of his philosophy". The difficulty is that "Aquinas carefully avoids attributing to himself the discovery of any new doctrine". Mondin accordingly undertakes to disengage in some areas the philosophy contained in the Scripta. Logic is covered briefly, (...)
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    God as Dynamic in Bonaventure and Contemporary Thought.Ewert Cousins - 1974 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 48:136.
  31. added 2019-06-06
    The Validity of Aquinas’ Third Way.Rem B. Edwards - 1971 - New Scholasticism 45 (1):117-126.
    This article argues for the formal validity of and the truth of the premises and conclusion of a version of Aquinas' "Third Way" that says: If each of the parts of nature is contingent, the whole of nature is contingent. Each of the parts of nature is contingent. Therefore, the whole of nature is contingent--where "contingent" means having a cause and not existing self-sufficiently.
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  32. added 2019-06-06
    Saint Bonaventure. [REVIEW]R. B. C. - 1965 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (2):368-368.
  33. added 2019-06-06
    Duns Scotus and the Existence and Nature of God.Allan B. Wolter - 1954 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 28:94.
  34. added 2019-06-06
    "Essays in Thomism," Ed. Robert E. Brennan, O.P. [REVIEW]C. L. Bonnet - 1944 - Modern Schoolman 21 (3):186-187.
  35. added 2019-06-06
    Human Desire and the Vision of God in St. Thomas: Part 1.Edmund Brisbois & John J. Quirk - 1938 - Modern Schoolman 16 (1):9-14.
  36. added 2019-06-05
    Suárez on Creation and Intrinsic Change.Jacob Tuttle - 2019 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 93 (1):29-51.
    The late scholastic philosopher Francisco Suárez articulates and defends an extraordinarily detailed account of efficient causation. Some of the most interesting and difficult questions connected with this account concern the particular types of efficient causation he acknowledges. This paper clarifies one of the most fundamental distinctions Suárez employs in the course of his treatment of efficient causation—namely, that between motion or change, on the one hand, and creation ex nihilo, on the other. The paper shows that, although motion and creation (...)
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  37. added 2019-06-05
    John Wyclif’s Neoplatonic View of Scripture in its Christological Context.Ian Christopher Levy - 2003 - Medieval Philosophy and Theology 11 (2):227-240.
  38. added 2019-06-05
    Klaus Kienzler, Gott ist gröber. Studien zu Anselm von Canterbury.Hartmut Grabst - 1999 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 4 (1):257-263.
  39. added 2019-06-03
    Problem's with Aquinas' Third Way.Edward Moad - 2016 - In Robert Arp (ed.), Revisiting Aquinas' Proofs for the Existence of God. Leiden, Netherlands: Brill. pp. 131-140.
    The object of this paper is not arguments from contingency in general, but specifically Aquinas’s ‘Third Way’ as it appears in his Summa Theologica. I will raise three objections to this argument. First, the argument depends on the premise, that if everything were contingent, then there would have been a time during which nothing exists, but this is not self-evident and no argument is given for it here. Secondly, Aquinas tells us that a key premise in this argument, that an (...)
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  40. added 2019-05-16
    Self-Determination Vs. Freedom for God and the Angels: A Problem with Anselm's Theory of Free Will.Michael Barnwell - 2018 - The Saint Anselm Journal 14 (1):13-32.
    Anselm is known for offering a distinctive definition of freedom of choice as “the ability of preserving uprightness of will for its own sake.” When we turn to Anselm’s account of the devil’s fall in De Casu Diaboli, however, this idiosyncratic understanding of freedom is not at the forefront. In that text, Anselm seemingly assumes a traditional understanding of free will defined in terms of alternative possibilities for the angels. These alternative possibilities must be present so the angels can engage (...)
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  41. added 2019-03-13
    Embodied Vs. Non-Embodied Modes of Knowing in Aquinas.Therese Scarpelli Cory - 2018 - Faith and Philosophy 35 (4):417-446.
    What does it mean to be an embodied thinker of abstract concepts? Does embodiment shape the character and quality of our understanding of universals such as “dog” and “beauty,” and would a non-embodied mind understand such concepts differently? I examine these questions through the lens of Thomas Aquinas’s remarks on the differences between embodied intellects and non-embodied intellects. In Aquinas, I argue, the difference between embodied and non-embodied intellection of extramental realities is rooted in the fact that embodied and non-embodied (...)
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  42. added 2019-03-04
    L’Exténuation de la Querelle de la Gr'ce au Miroir de la Somme de Théologie.Sylvio Hermann De Franceschi - 2016 - Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 100 (3):353.
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  43. added 2019-01-10
    Book Review: Paul Stern, Dante's Philosophical Life: Politics and Human Wisdom in Purgatorio. [REVIEW]Jason Aleksander - 2018 - The Medieval Review 12 (6).
    A review of Paul Stern's Dante's Philosophical Life: Politics and Human Wisdom in Purgatorio (University of Pennsylvania Press, 2018).
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  44. added 2019-01-10
    Book Review: Maria Luisa Ardizzone, Reading as the Angels Read: Speculation and Politics in Dante's Banquet. [REVIEW]Jason Aleksander - 2017 - Renaissance Quarterly 70 (4):1625.
    A review of Maria Luisa Ardizzone's Reading as the Angels Read: Speculation and Politics in Dante’s Banquet. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016. xii 1 454 pp. $95.
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  45. added 2019-01-10
    Nicholas of Cusa.Jason Aleksander - 2016 - Oxford Bibliographies in Medieval Studies.
    Given the significance of Nicholas of Cusa’s ecclesiastical career, it is no surprise that a good deal of academic attention on Nicholas has focused on his role in the history of the church. Nevertheless, it would also be fair to say that a good deal of the attention that is focused on the life and thought of Nicholas of Cusa is the legacy of prior generations of scholars who saw in his theoretical work an opportunity to define the most salient (...)
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  46. added 2019-01-10
    Teaching the Divine Comedy's Understanding of Philosophy.Jason Aleksander - 2012 - Pedagogy: Critical Approaches to Teaching Literature, Language, Composition, and Culture 13 (1):67-76.
    This essay discusses five main topoi in the Divine Comedy through which teachers might encourage students to explore the question of the Divine Comedy’s treatment of philosophy. These topoi are: (1) The Divine Comedy’s representations in Inferno of noble pagans who are allegorically or historically associated with philosophy or natural reason; (2) its treatment of the relationship between faith and reason and that relationship’s consequences for the text’s understanding of the respective authoritativeness of theology and philosophy; (3) representations in the (...)
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  47. added 2019-01-10
    Dante's Understanding of the Two Ends of Human Desire and the Relationship Between Philosophy and Theology.Jason Aleksander - 2011 - Journal of Religion 91 (2):158-187.
    I discuss Dante’s understanding that human existence is “ordered by two final goals” and how this understanding defines philosophy’s and theology’s respective scopes of authority in guiding human conduct. I show that, while Dante devalues the philosophical authority associated with the traditional Aristotelian emphasis on the significance of contemplative activity, he does so in order to highlight philosophy’s ethico-political authority to guide human conduct toward its “earthly beatitude.” Moreover, I argue that, although Dante subordinates earthly beatitude to spiritual beatitude, he (...)
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  48. added 2018-09-18
    The Origin of Intelligibility According to Duns Scotus, William of Alnwick, and Petrus Thomae.Garrett Smith - 2014 - Recherches de Theologie Et Philosophie Medievales 81 (1):37-74.
    This study investigates a conflict in Duns Scotus ’ doctrine of the origin of intelligible being or intelligibility found in his various treatments of the divine ideas. Scotus holds both that the divine intellect produces the essences of creatable things, and that the essences of creatable things are contained in the divine essence and represented by it to the divine intellect. Although this conflict has escaped the notice of most of Scotus ’ medieval and modern interpreters, two early followers of (...)
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  49. added 2018-06-17
    Justifying Atonement: An Anselmian Response to Modern Critics.Daniel Shannon - 2009 - Saint Anselm Journal 6 (2):1 - 19.
    This paper considers three modern objections to Anselm’s argument on atonement in book I of ’Cur Deus Homo’. The objections are from Friedrich Nietzsche, R. C. Moberly, and Hastings Rashdall; each one makes the case that Anselm’s argument is fallacious. Each one interprets Anselm’s position as requiring that someone innocent suffer punishment in order to acquit guilt. I contend that these objectors do not offer a strong case against Anselm’s argument, principally because they have not examined it completely and have (...)
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  50. added 2018-06-13
    What Part of Fides Quaerens Don’T You Intellectum ? On the Persistent Philosophical Misunderstanding of Anselm’s Ontological Argument.Derek A. Michaud - manuscript
    A *very* rough draft of a paper on Anselm's "ontological argument" in which I argue that the argument in the Proslogion rests on a robust notion of having "that then which nothing greater can be thought" in one's mind.
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