About this topic
Summary In addition to philosophical treatments of meditation and consciousness, this category also includes key works in the cognitive science of meditation, especially scientific articles oriented to the general methodological difficulties of empirical work on conscious experience. The philosophy and science of consciousness are of course broad and deeply contentious fields of current philosophical debate. Meditation is likewise a broad notion, applied to diverse practices derived from many different traditions of practice, and arguably lacking any unifying feature that would distinguish properly meditative practices from skill training and character development more generally. This category focuses in particular on those works that address the effects of attention training on consciousness experience, including self-consciousness, emotional awareness, and qualities of experience such as stability, clarity, and effortless awareness.
Key works Lutz et al 2006 offer a groundbreaking review and manifesto for research on meditation and consciousness in The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Lutz, Dunne, and Davidson are leading figures in the emerging field of contemplative neuroscience, and are also co-authors on an influential paper (Lutz et al 2008) proposing a distinction between Focused Attention and Open Monitoring forms of meditative practice. Travis & Shear 2010 propose that while these two categories may be adequate for understanding many meditative practices in Buddhist and other traditions, a third category "automatic self-transcending" more adequately describes certain meditative practices in the Vedic and Chinese traditions. In response, Josipovic 2010 suggests a fundamental distinction between dualistic and non-dual forms of meditation practice. In a special issue of Contemporary Buddhism devoted to the topic, Dunne 2011 argues that contemporary mindfulness meditation is best understood as falling on the non-dual side of this distinction. Following the lead of other authors in that special issue (e.g. Bodhi 2011Gethin 2011, Dreyfus 2011), Davis & Thompson 2013 offer a more classical perspective on mindfulness practice, relating Theravada Buddhist textual understandings to recent empirical research, with particular emphasis on relations to philosophical debates over the nature of consciousness and mind.
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  1. The 3rd World Conference on Buddhism and Science (WCBS).Carissa Véliz - manuscript
    The term mindfulness has become increasingly popular in the West due, in no small part, to contemporary studies of mindfulness-based therapies in psychology. According to the Pali Nik?yas, mindfulness practice is the heart of Buddhism, for it alone can lead one to enlightenment. However, are contemporary and traditional accounts of the practice of mindfulness referring to the same technique? In this paper I will argue that modern accounts of mindfulness in the field of psychology omit important features of the classical (...)
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  2. Regulation of the Neural Circuitry of Emotion by Compassion Meditation: Effects of Meditative Expertise.Lutz Antoine, J. Brefczynski-Lewis, T. Johnstone & R. J. Davidson - manuscript
    PLoS ONE 3(3): e1897. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
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  3. An Atheist's Meditation: Living in the Present.Rudi Anders - forthcoming - Australian Humanist, The 122:9.
    Anders, Rudi When I see a colourful sunset, my mind goes to a spectacular purple sunset I saw near the Mexican border many years ago. That memory stops me from being fully aware of the scene in front of me. No two sunsets are the same and my memory is stopping me from fully appreciating the spectacle before my eyes. Famous and spectacular places don't work for me because expectations and memories get in the way, but when I walk alone (...)
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  4. What Matters in Psychological Continuity? Using Meditative Traditions to Identify Biases in Intuitions About Personal Persistence.Preston Greene & Meghan Sullivan - forthcoming - In Kevin Tobia (ed.), Experimental Philosophy of Identity and the Self. London:
  5. The Phenomenology of “Pure” Consciousness as Reported by an Experienced Meditator of the Tibetan Buddhist Karma Kagyu Tradition. Analysis of Interview Content Concerning Different Meditative States.Cyril Costines, Tilmann Lhündrup Borghardt & Marc Wittmann - 2021 - Philosophies 6 (2):50.
    A philosopher and a cognitive neuroscientist conversed with Buddhist lama Tilmann Lhündrup Borghardt about the unresolved phenomenological concerns and logical questions surrounding “pure” consciousness or minimal phenomenal experience, a quasi-contentless, non-dual state whose phenomenology of “emptiness” is often described in terms of the phenomenal quality of luminosity that experienced meditators have reported occurs in deep meditative states. Here, we present the excerpts of the conversation that relate to the question of how it is possible to first have and later retrieve (...)
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  6. Selfhood Triumvirate: From Phenomenology to Brain Activity and Back Again.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 86:103031.
    Recently, a three-dimensional construct model for complex experiential Selfhood has been proposed (Fingelkurts et al., 2016b,c). According to this model, three specific subnets (or modules) of the brain self-referential network (SRN) are responsible for the manifestation of three aspects/features of the subjective sense of Selfhood. Follow up multiple studies established a tight relation between alterations in the functional integrity of the triad of SRN modules and related to them three aspects/features of the sense of self; however, the causality of this (...)
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  7. Mental Freedom and Freedom of the Loving Heart: Free Will and Buddhist Meditation.Karin L. Meyers - 2020 - Zygon 55 (2):519-539.
    In Buddhism, Meditation and Free Will: A Theory of Mental Freedom , Rick Repetti explains how the dynamics of Buddhist meditation can result in a kind of metacognition and metavolitional control that exceeds what is required for free will and defeats the most powerful forms of free will skepticism. This article argues that although the Buddhist path requires and enhances the kind of mental and volitional control Repetti describes, the central dynamic of the path and meditation is better understood as (...)
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  8. A Defense of Buddhism, Meditation, and Free Will: A Theory of Mental Freedom.Rick Repetti - 2020 - Zygon 55 (2):540-564.
    This is my response to the criticisms of Gregg Caruso, David Cummiskey, and Karin Meyers, in their roles as members of the “Author Meets Critics” panel devoted to my book, Buddhism, Meditation, and Free Will: A Theory of Mental Freedom at the 2019 annual meeting of the Eastern Division of the American Philosophical Association, organized by Christian Coseru. Caruso's main objection is that I am not sufficiently attentive to details of opposing arguments in Western philosophy, and Cummiskey's and Meyers’ objections, (...)
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  9. L'autobiografia spirituale più profonda di tutti i tempi? -una recensione di "The Knee of Listening" (Il ginocchio dell'ascolto) di Adi Da (Franklin Jones) (1995) (recensione rivista nel 2019).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In Benvenuti all'inferno sulla Terra: Bambini, Cambiamenti climatici, Bitcoin, Cartelli, Cina, Democrazia, Diversità, Disgenetica, Uguaglianza, Pirati Informatici, Diritti umani, Islam, Liberalismo, Prosperità, Web, Caos, Fame, Malattia, Violenza, Intellige. Las Vegas, NV, USA: Reality Press. pp. 228-231.
    Una breve rassegna della vita e dell'autobiografia spirituale dell'unico mistico americano Adi Da (Franklin Jones). L'adesivo sulla copertina di alcune edizioni dice 'L'autobiografia spirituale più profonda di tutti i tempi' e questo potrebbe essere vero. Ho 70 anni e ho letto molti libri di insegnanti spirituali e sulla spiritualità, e questo è uno dei più grandi. Certamente, è by lontano il resoconto più completo e piùchiaro del processo di illuminazione che abbia mai visto. Anche se non hai alcun interesse nel (...)
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  10. 검토 '종교적 사고의 진화론 적 설명' (Religion Explained: the evolutionary origins of religious thought) Pascal Boyer (2002).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In 지구상의 지옥에 오신 것을 환영합니다 : 아기, 기후 변화, 비트 코인, 카르텔, 중국, 민주주의, 다양성, 역학, 평등, 해커, 인권, 이슬람, 자유주의, 번영, 웹, 혼돈, 기아, 질병, 폭력, 인공 지능, 전쟁. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 229-243.
    이 책의 p 135 또는 326에 대한 간략한 요약을 얻을 수 있습니다. 당신이 진화 심리학에 속도를하지 않는경우, 당신은 먼저 제목에이 용어와 수많은 최근 텍스트 중 하나를 읽어야한다. 최고 중 하나는 버스에 의해 2 nd "진화 심리학의 핸드북"입니다. 2nd 약 15 년 전까지, 행동의 설명은 정말 전혀 정신 과정에 대한 설명이 아니었다, 하지만 오히려 모호하고 크게 사람들이 무슨 짓을하고 그들이 말한 에 대한 설명, 이유에 대한 통찰력없이. 우리는 사람들이 행사를 기념하고, 하나님을 찬양하고, 그 (또는 그) 축복을 받기 위해 모인다고 말할 수 (...)
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  11. Обзор религии Разъяснения - Эволюционное происхождение религиозной мысли (Religion Explained-- The Evolutionary Origins of Religious Thought) by Pascal Boyer (2002) (обзор пересмотрен 2019).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In ДОБРО ПОЖАЛОВАТЬ В АД НА НАШЕМ МИРЕ : Дети, Изменение климата, Биткойн, Картели, Китай, Демократия, Разнообразие, Диссигеника, Равенство, Хакеры, Права человека, Ислам, Либерализм, Процветание, Сеть, Хаос, Голод, Болезнь, Насилие, Искусственный интелле. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 211-224.
    Вы можете получить краткое резюме этой книги на р 135 или 326. Если вы не до скорости, на эволюционной психологии, вы должны сначала прочитать один из многочисленных последних текстов с этим термином в названии. Один из лучших является "Справочник эволюционной психологии" 22-й ed Buss. Примерно 15 лет назад, «объяснение» поведения на самом деле не были объясненияпсихических процессов на всех, но довольно расплывчатые и в значительной степени бесполезные описания того, что люди сделали и что они сказали, без понимания, почему. Мы могли (...)
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  12. Самая глубокая духовная автобиография всех времен? - обзор "Колено прослушивания" (The Knee of Listening) by Adi Da (Franklin Jones) (1995) (обзор пересмотрен 2019).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In ДОБРО ПОЖАЛОВАТЬ В АД НА НАШЕМ МИРЕ : Дети, Изменение климата, Биткойн, Картели, Китай, Демократия, Разнообразие, Диссигеника, Равенство, Хакеры, Права человека, Ислам, Либерализм, Процветание, Сеть, Хаос, Голод, Болезнь, Насилие, Искусственный интелле. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 243-246.
    Краткий обзор жизни и духовной автобиографии уникального американского мистика Ади Да (Франклин Джонс). Наклейка на обложке некоторых изданий говорит: "Самая глубокая духовная автобиография всех времен", и это вполне может быть правдой. Я нахожусь в моих 70 и прочитал много книг духовных учителей и на духовность, и это один из величайших. Конечно,, это byдалеко самый полный и ясный отчет о процессе просветления я когда-либо видел. Даже если у вас нет никакого интереса вообще в самых увлекательных из всех человеческих психологических процессов, это (...)
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  13. Meditation and the Scope of Mental Action.Michael Brent & Candace Upton - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (1):52-71.
    While philosophers of mind have devoted abundant time and attention to questions of content and consciousness, philosophical questions about the nature and scope of mental action have been relatively neglected. Galen Strawson’s account of mental action, arguably the most well-known extant account, holds that cognitive mental action consists in triggering the delivery of content to one’s field of consciousness. However, Strawson fails to recognize several distinct types of mental action that might not reduce to triggering content delivery. In this paper, (...)
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  14. Krishnamurti Explained: A Critical Study.Peter Eastman - 2018
    The acclaim accorded Jiddu ‘Krishnamurti’ (1895-1986) – as an apparently major figure in our modern understanding of all things spiritual – shows just how shallow western popular culture is when it tries to extend its reach beyond science, materialism and celebrity. Krishnamurti liked to portray himself as a wholly independent thinker, and as someone who encouraged similar independence of thought in others, yet he milked the role of an oriental guru tirelessly, discoursing from on high in an autocratic and commanding (...)
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  15. Relacja pomiędzy absolutnym a względnym wymiarem rzeczywistości w klasycznych Upaniszadach.Marta Kudelska - 2018 - Diametros 56:1-16.
    The above problem is discussed with the use of the example of selected canonical Upanishads. The analysis starts with a fragment from the Mundaka Upanishad : “When he [ brahman ] that is both high [ para ] and low [ apara ] is seen”. In my opinion, this very conjoining of the absolute and relative reality, which is considerably rare in the canonical texts, requires in-depth analysis. In the discussed texts, the para / apara dimensions of reality are strictly (...)
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  16. Building Mindfulness Bottom-Up: Meditation in Natural Settings Supports Open Monitoring and Attention Restoration.Freddie Lymeus, Per Lindberg & Terry Hartig - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 59:40-56.
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  17. Problematyka medytacyjnego wglądu i wiedzy wyzwalającej w soteriologii wczesnego buddyzmu. Krytyczna analiza problemu przy zastosowaniu podejścia interdyscyplinarnego.Grzegorz Polak - 2018 - Diametros 56:17-38.
    The relation of the meditative state of jhāna to the development of insight and liberating knowledge is one of the most controversial issues in studies on early Buddhism. In the Suttapitaka and later Buddhist meditative texts, one can find discrepancies which are difficult to reconcile. In this paper, I propose a new model of meditative insight using an interdisciplinary approach based both on critical philological studies of the Suttapitaka and the results of the dynamically developing cognitive science. I also highlight (...)
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  18. Love: India’s Distinctive Moral Theory.Shyam Ranganathan - 2018 - In Adrienne Martin (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Love in Philosophy. New York: Routledge. pp. 371-381.
    In addition to the familiar moral theories of Virtue Ethics, Consequentialism and Deontology, India presents us with one unique moral theory: it may be called “Yoga” (discipline, meditation) but also “Bhakti,” which is typically translated as “Devotion” but is also translated as “Love.” In this chapter, I focus on Bhakti, in its formal and informal manifestations in Indian philosophy. In order to understand how it is a distinct and basic option of moral theory, I will identify four basic options of (...)
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  19. Meditative Attention to Bodily Sensations: Conscious Attention Without Selection?Kranti Saran - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (5-6):156-178.
    Prominent figures in the philosophical literature on attention hold that the connection between attention and selection is essential (Mole, 2011), necessary (Wu, 2011; 2014), or conceptual (Smithies, 2011). I argue that selection is neither essentially, necessarily, nor conceptually tied to attention. I first isolate the target conception of selection that I deny is so tightly coupled with attention: graded intramodal selection within consciousness. I analyse two visual cases: analysis of the first case shows that there can be attention without a (...)
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  20. Meditation and Altered States of Consciousness.P. Sedlmeier - 2018 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 25 (11-12):73-101.
    Theories of meditation predict systematic changes or alterations of consciousness that go along with increased practice. This paper first summarizes the predictions of three representative theoretical approaches: the early Buddhist theory of meditation, the Samkhya/Yoga theory, and a theoretical approach based on contemporary Western mindfulness meditation. The two traditional theories predict the existence of an ultimate altered state of consciousness often termed enlightenment or liberation, and the occurrence of other advanced and intermediate ASCs such as psi-like phenomena, states of deep (...)
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  21. Imaginative Moral Development.Nicolas Bommarito - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (2):251-262.
    The picture of moral development defended by followers of Aristotle takes moral cultivation to be like playing a harp; one gets to be good by actually spending time playing a real instrument. On this view, we cultivate a virtue by doing the actions associated with that virtue. I argue that this picture is inadequate and must be supplemented by imaginative techniques. One can, and sometimes must, cultivate virtue without actually performing the associated actions. Drawing on strands in Buddhist philosophy, I (...)
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  22. Exploring Relations Among Mindfulness Facets and Various Meditation Practices: Do They Work in Different Ways?Ausiàs Cebolla, Daniel Campos, Laura Galiana, Amparo Oliver, Jose Manuel Tomás, Albert Feliu-Soler, Joaquim Soler, Javier García-Campayo, Marcelo Demarzo & Rosa María Baños - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:172-180.
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  23. The Influence of Focused-Attention Meditation States on the Cognitive Control of Sequence Learning.Russell W. Chan, Maarten A. Immink & Kurt Lushington - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 55:11-25.
  24. The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-Meditators.Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova, Bernice Wright, Aseel Hamid, Eva Machado Hernandez, Anne Schmechtig & Ulrich Ettinger - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 48:66-75.
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  25. What is It Like a Meditate? Methods and Issues for a Micro-Phenomenological Description of Meditative Experience.C. Petitmengin, M. van Beek, M. Bitbol, J. -M. Nissou & A. Roepstorff - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (5-6):170-198.
    In our society, where interest in Buddhist meditation is expanding enormously, numerous scientific studies are now conducted on the neurophysiological effects of meditation practices and on the neural correlates of meditative states. However, very few studies have been conducted on the experience associated with contemplative practice: what it is like to meditate -- from moment to moment, at different stages of practice -- remains almost invisible in contemporary contemplative science. Recently, 'micro-phenomenological' interview methods have been developed to help us become (...)
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  26. Patañjali’s Yoga: Universal Ethics as the Formal Cause of Autonomy.Shyam Ranganathan - 2017 - In The Bloomsbury Research Handbook of Indian Ethics. London: Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 177-202.
    Yoga is a nonspeciesist liberalism, founded in a moral non-naturalism, which identifies the essence of personhood as the Lord, defined by unconservative self-governance—an abstraction from each of us that is non-proprietary. According to Yoga, the right is defined as the approximation of the regulative ideal (the Lord) and the good is the perfection of this practice, which delivers us from a life of coercion into a personal world of freedom. It is an alternative to Deontology, Consequentialism, and Virtue Ethics, which (...)
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  27. What is Absent From Contemplative Neuroscience?: Rethinking Limits Within the Study of Consciousness, Experince, and Meditation.B. Rappert, G. Colombetti & C. Coopmans - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (5-6):199-225.
    In conveying experiences of meditation, the question of what exceeds or should resist description has been a recurrent topic of commentary in a wide array of literature -- including religious doctrine, meditation guides, and contextual accounts written by historians and social scientists. Yet, to date, this question has not significantly informed neuroscientific studies on the effects of meditation on brain and behaviour, in large part -- but not wholly -- because of the disregard for first-person accounts of experience that still (...)
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  28. Buddhist Meditation as a Mystical Practice.Hans Schneider - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):773-787.
    On the basis of many years of personal experience the paper describes Buddhist meditation as a mystical practice. After a short discussion of the role of some central concepts in Buddhism, William James’ concept of religious experience is used to explain the goal of meditators as the achievement of a special kind of an experience of this kind. Systematically, its main point is to explain the difference between a craving for pleasant ‘mental events’ in the sense of short-term moods, and (...)
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  29. Mechanisms of Mind-Body Interaction and Optimal Performance.Yi-Yuan Tang & Brian Bruya - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
    Based on recent findings, we propose a framework for a relationship among attention, effort and optimal performance. Optimal performance often refers to an effortless and automatic, flow-like state of performance. Mindfulness regulates the focus of attention to optimal focus on the core component of the action, avoiding too much attention that could be detrimental for elite performance. Balanced attention is a trained state that can optimize any particular attentional activity on the dual-process spectrum.
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  30. Higher Theta and Alpha1 Coherence When Listening to Vedic Recitation Compared to Coherence During Transcendental Meditation Practice.Frederick Travis, Niyazi Parim & Amrita Shrivastava - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:157-162.
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  31. Attention in the Predictive Processing Framework and the Phenomenology of Zen Meditation.P. F. Velasco - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (11-12):71-93.
    In this paper I will use the phenomenology of Zen meditation to look at the role of attention within the predictive processing framework. Section 1 introduces PP, according to which the brain is a dynamical, hierarchical, hypothesis-testing mechanism. Section 2 discusses the current proposal that attention is the process of precision optimization and presents some of the challenges for this theory. Section 3 introduces zazen and uses some of the emerging patterns of its phenomenology to clarify the workings of attention, (...)
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  32. Mindfulness and Mind Wandering: The Protective Effects of Brief Meditation in Anxious Individuals.Mengran Xu, Christine Purdon, Paul Seli & Daniel Smilek - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 51:157-165.
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  33. Facing Death From a Safe Distance: Saṃvega and Moral Psychology.Lajos L. Brons - 2016 - Journal of Buddhist Ethics 23:83-128.
    Saṃvega is a morally motivating state of shock that -- according to Buddhaghosa -- should be evoked by meditating on death. What kind of mental state it is exactly, and how it is morally motivating is unclear, however. This article presents a theory of saṃvega -- what it is and how it works -- based on recent insights in psychology. According to dual process theories there are two kinds of mental processes organized in two" systems" : the experiential, automatic system (...)
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  34. Can Long-Term Training in Highly Focused Forms of Observation Potientially Influence Performace in Terms of the Observer Model In Physics? Consideration of Adepts of Observational Meditation Practice.William C. Bushell - 2016 - Cosmos and History 12 (2):31-43.
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  35. A Single Bout of Meditation Biases Cognitive Control but Not Attentional Focusing: Evidence From the Global–Local Task.Lorenza S. Colzato, Pauline van der Wel, Roberta Sellaro & Bernhard Hommel - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 39:1-7.
  36. Cognitive Processes Are Central in Compassion Meditation.Cortland J. Dahl, Antoine Lutz & Richard J. Davidson - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (3):161-162.
  37. sLob Dpon Gyis Bśad Pa: Explanation by the Master The Teachings on Meditation of an Unknown Byaṅ-Cub-Klu-Dbaṅ.Krishna Del Toso - 2016 - Annali di Ca’ Foscari. Serie Orientale 52:99-144.
    In the Dunhuang manuscript IOL Tib J 709, which is a collection of writings concerning meditation, we come across a short text attributed to a Tibetan master called Byaṅ-cub-klu-dbaṅ (allegedly eighth-ninth centuries CE). In his work, Byaṅ-cub-klu-dbaṅ exposes a method of meditation that seems to be strongly indebted to Indian Mahāyāna scriptural sources. Besides, also a Chinese Chan influence is here detectable. Therefore, the method of meditation taught by Byaṅ-cub-klu-dbaṅ seems to represent a commingling of different elements from different contexts. (...)
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  38. A Single Session of Meditation Reduces of Physiological Indices of Anger in Both Experienced and Novice Meditators.Alexander B. Fennell, Erik M. Benau & Ruth Ann Atchley - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:54-66.
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  39. Long-Term Meditation Training Induced Changes in the Operational Synchrony of Default Mode Network Modules During a Resting State.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - 2016 - Cognitive Processing 17 (1):27-37.
    Using theoretical analysis of self-consciousness concept and experimental evidence on the brain default mode network (DMN) that constitutes the neural signature of self-referential processes, we hypothesized that the anterior and posterior subnets comprising the DMN should show differences in their integrity as a function of meditation training. Functional connectivity within DMN and its subnets (measured by operational synchrony) has been measured in ten novice meditators using an electroencephalogram (EEG) recording in a pre-/post-meditation intervention design. We have found that while the (...)
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  40. Trait Lasting Alteration of the Brain Default Mode Network in Experienced Meditators and the Experiential Selfhood.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - 2016 - Self and Identity 15 (4):381-393.
    Based on the finding in novices that four months of meditation training significantly increases frontal default mode network (DMN) module/subnet synchrony while decreasing left and right posterior DMN modules synchrony, the current study tested the prediction whether experienced meditators (those who are practising meditation intensively for several years) had a change in the DMN “trinity” of modules as a baseline trait characteristic and whether this change is in a similar direction as in the novice trainees who practised meditation for only (...)
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  41. Mindfulness Meditation Practice and Executive Functioning: Breaking Down the Benefit.Sara N. Gallant - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:116-130.
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  42. The First Person Perspective and Beyond: Commentary on Almaas.Simon Hoffding & Joel Krueger - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (1-2):158-178.
    In this commentary, we engage with Almaas’s contribution from the perspective of phenomenology and its idea of a ‘minimal self’. We attempt to clarify Almaas’s claims about ‘phenomenological givens’ and ‘non-dual’, ‘pure consciousness’, and then show how they might be reconciled with phenomenological approaches to consciousness and self. We conclude by briefly indicating some of the ways a comparative analysis of this sort is mutually beneficial.
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  43. Mindfulness Meditation and Consciousness: An Integrative Neuroscientific Perspective.Jordi Manuello, Ugo Vercelli, Andrea Nani, Tommaso Costa & Franco Cauda - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:67-78.
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  44. Luminescent Physicalism, A Book Review of Evan Thompson's *Waking, Dreaming, Being*. [REVIEW]Gregory M. Nixon - 2016 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 23 (9-10):262-267.
    This is a fine book by an extraordinary author whose literary followers have awaited a definitive statement of his views on consciousness since his participation in the important book on biological autopoiesis, The Embodied Mind (Varela, Thompson, & Rosch, 1991) and his recent neurophenomenology of biological systems, Mind in Life (2007). In the latter book, Thompson demonstrated the continuity of life and mind, whereas in this book he uses neurophenomenology as well as erudite renditions of Buddhist philosophy and a good (...)
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  45. Multidimensional Communication in Holoscendence: How It Augments Integral Psychotherapy, Leadership, and Ordinary Life.Eugene Pustoshkin - 2016 - Integral Leadership Review 16 (1).
    In this article I want to tell about the concept of multidimensional communication pioneered in Holoscendence, an integral meta-method of human development, first introduced and developed by Sergey Kupriyanov, PhD in Medicine, a Russian-born Integral therapist from Helsinki, Finland (Kupriyanov 2013).
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  46. Yoga and Sāṅkhya: Freedom Versus Determinism (Ethics-1, M38).Shyam Ranganathan - 2016 - In A. Raghuramaraju (ed.), Philosophy, E-PG Pathshala. Delhi: India, Department of Higher Education (NMEICT).
    The Yoga Sūtra (YS) is perhaps the most popular book of Indian philosophy today the world over. It is widely regarded by practitioners of Yoga as a conceptual manual for yoga and there are several competing translations of the work on the market. Yet, the Yoga Sūtra is also widely regarded as a difficult text to read. It is written in a dense, aphoristic, sūtra format. In the introductory section, I tackle the question of methodology in reading the Yoga Sūtra. (...)
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  47. Early Buddhism II: Applied Ethics (Ethics-1, M31).Shyam Ranganathan - 2016 - In A. Raghuramaraju (ed.), Philosophy, E-PG Pathshala. Delhi: India, Department of Higher Education (NMEICT).
    In the previous module, I covered the basics of Early Buddhist metaethics. The core ideas here are: (1) linguistic representation is not the same as reality – linguistic representation depicts reality as static, but reality is relational and dynamic; (2) reality can drift away from linguistic representation causing disappointment – duḥkha; (3) choosing wisely now can result in a better future; (4) ethical choice involves appreciating the justifying relations of states of affairs. In this module, I explore the Four Noble (...)
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  48. Meditation Matters: Replies to the Anti-McMindfulness Bandwagon!Rick Repetti & and Adam Burke Ron Purser, David Forbes - 2016 - In David Forbes Ron Purser (ed.), Handbook of Mindfulness: Culture, Context and Social Engagement. New Work, USA: Springer. pp. 473-494.
    A critical reply to the anti-mindfulness critics in the collection, who oppose the popular secularized adoption of mindfulness on various grounds (it is not Buddhism, it is Buddhism, it is a tool of neo-capitalist exploitation, etc.), I argue that mindfulness is a quality of consciousness, opposite mindlessness, that may be cultivated through practice, and is almost always beneficial to those who cultivate it.
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  49. Medial Orbital Gyrus Modulation During Spatial Perspective Changes: Pre- Vs. Post-8weeks Mindfulness Meditation.Barbara Tomasino, Fabio Campanella & Franco Fabbro - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 40:147-158.
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  50. Attentional Orienting and Executive Control Are Affected by Different Types of Meditation Practice.Min-Hui Tsai & Wei-Lun Chou - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 46:110-126.
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