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  1. Theory of Mind in Autism, Schizophrenia, and in-Between.Ahmad Abu-Akel - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):261-262.
    Autism and schizophrenia are presented as the extremes of disorders affecting the social brain. By viewing human cognition impairment in terms of competence and performance, a variety of social brain disorders can be identified along the autistic-psychotic continuum.
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  2. Ethical Issues in Mental Illness.G. Adshead - 1999 - Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (1):67-68.
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  3. Psychopaths and Other-Regarding Beliefs.Gwen Adshead - 1999 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 6 (1):41-44.
  4. Illness as Unhomelike Being-in-the-World? Phenomenology and Medical Practice.Rolf Ahlzén - 2011 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):323-331.
    Scientific medicine has been successful by ways of an ever more detailed understanding and mastering of bodily functions and dysfunctions. Biomedical research promises new triumphs, but discontent with medical practice is all around. Since several decades this has been acknowledged and discussed. The philosophical traditions of phenomenology and hermeneutics have been proposed as promising ways to approach medical practice, by ways of a richer understanding of the meaning structures of health and illness. In 2000, Swedish philosopher Fredrik Svenaeus published a (...)
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  5. Body Matters: A Phenomenology of Sickness, Disease, and Illness.James Aho & Kevin Aho - 2008 - Lexington Books.
    Written in a jargon-free way, Body Matters provides a clear and accessible phenomenological critique of core assumptions in mainstream biomedicine and explores ways in which health and illness are experienced and interpreted differently in various socio-historical situations. By drawing on the disciplines of literature, cultural anthropology, sociology, medical history, and philosophy, the authors attempt to dismantle common presuppositions we have about human afflictions and examine how the methods of phenomenology open up new ways to interpret the body and to re-envision (...)
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  6. Mental Illness and Cultural Issues in West African Films: Implications for Orthodox Psychiatric Practice.O. F. Aina - 2004 - Medical Humanities 30 (1):23-26.
    The portrayal of psychiatry and of the activities of supernatural forces in indigenous films produced in West Africa was critically examined in this study. Most often the content of these films is centred on African culture, African mythical stories, or real life events. Over a three year period, 163 such films were studied. Twenty five of them contained scenes of psychiatric illness. In 24 of these, there were “cases of psychoses”; and the remaining one was that of “deliberate self harm” (...)
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  7. Locked-in Happiness.Zac Alstin - 2011 - Bioethics Research Notes 23 (1):11.
    Alstin, Zac Results of a Belgian study have revealed that a large number of people suffering from Locked-In Syndrome are happy. Disability is foremost a challenge to one's values, not to our happiness.
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  8. The Inner World of Mental Illness Ed. By Bert Kaplan.Walter C. Alvarez - 1965 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 8 (3):416-417.
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  9. Ensaios Subjetividade, Sa'ude Mental, Sociedade.Paulo Amarante - 2000
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  10. Symbolic Form and Mental Illness-An Altered Approach to Mental Illness.Norbert Andersch - forthcoming - Philosophy.
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  11. Recollections of a Journey Through a Psychotic Episode: Or, Mental Illness and Creativity. Anonymous - 2007 - Mens Sana Monographs 5 (1):188.
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  12. Epistemological Reflections About the Crisis of the DSM-5 and the Revolutionary Potential of the RDoC Project.Massimiliano Aragona - 2014 - Dialogues in Philosophy, Mental and Neuro Sciences 7 (1):11-20.
    This paper tests the predictions of an epistemological model that considered the DSM psychiatric classification (in the neopositivist and neo-Kraepelinian shape introduced by the DSM-III) as a scientific paradigm in crisis. As predicted, the DSM-5 did not include revolutionary proposals in its basic structure. In particular, the possibility of a dimensional revolution has not occurred and early proposals of etiopathogenic diagnoses were not implemented due to lack of specific knowledge in that field. However, conceiving the DSM-5 as a bridge between (...)
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  13. Ethics Consultation in Dual Diagnosis of Mental Illness and Mental Retardation: Medical Decisionmaking for Community-Dwelling Persons.Kathryn E. Artnak - 2008 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 17 (2):239-246.
    An evaluation of mental capacity is critical to a clinician's judgment about whether or not persons can make medical treatment decisions on their own behalf, and uncertainty about their ability to meaningfully participate in that process is one of the more common reasons an ethics consult is requested. The care of decisionally incapable patients—particularly those who lack advance care documents and no living relative who can speak for them—presents a quandary to healthcare personnel attempting to plan care in their best (...)
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  14. The Diseased Embodied Mind: Constructing a Conception of Mental Disease in Relation to the Person. [REVIEW]Julie M. Aultman - 2010 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (4):321-332.
    Without a better understanding of mental disease, patients diagnosed with a mental disease may be mistreated clinically and/or socially, and caregivers and families may be wrongfully blamed for causing the disease and/or for not effectively helping and developing meaningful relationships with the patient as person. In trying to understand mental disease and why its various dimensions raise difficulties for our systems of classification and our medical models of diagnosis and treatment, a framework is required. This framework will connect metaphysical, epistemological, (...)
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  15. Emotional Disorder and Attention.Kent Bach - 1993 - In George Graham (ed.), Philosophical Psychopathology. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Some would say that philosophy can contribute more to the occurrence of mental disorder than to the study of it. Thinking too much does have its risks, but so do willful ignorance and selective inattention. Well, what can philosophy contribute? It is not equipped to enumerate the symptoms and varieties of disorder or to identify their diverse causes, much less offer cures (maybe it can do that-personal philosophical therapy is now available in the Netherlands). On the other hand, the scientific (...)
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  16. Working Memory, Thought, and Action.Alan Baddeley - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    'Working Memory, Thought, and Action' is the magnum opus of one of the most influential cognitive psychologists of the past 50 years. This new volume on the model he created discusses the developments that have occurred within the model in the past twenty years, and places it within a broader context.
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  17. Detection of Dopamine Neurotransmission in ‘Real Time’.Rajendra Badgaiyan - 2013 - Frontiers in Neuroscience.
  18. The Hospitalized Prisoner With a Life-Threatening Illness.James M. Badger, Rosalind Ekman Ladd & Glenn R. Friedemann - 2012 - Jona’s Healthcare Law, Ethics, and Regulation 14 (2):43-47.
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  19. Mind and Mental Health Based on a Realistic Constructivism.Khosrow Bagheri Noaparast & Zohreh Khosravi - 2006 - Constructivism in the Human Sciences 11 (1/2):20-31.
    This essay concerns a philosophical examination of the nature of mind and the relevant implications for mental health. Traditionally, realism and constructivism are regarded as two contrastive positions in explaining the nature of mind. While realists take discovery of reality as the main function of mind, constructivists regard it as creation of reality. Hence, epistemologically, realists emphasize on correspondence to reality as the criterion of validity or truth of the mind's contents, whereas constructivists regard the inner coherence of constructs as (...)
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  20. Mental Illness in Immigrant Minorities in London.Christopher Bagley - 1971 - Journal of Biosocial Science 3 (4):449-459.
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  21. Neurosis.Andrew R. Bailey - 1997 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 11 (2):51-61.
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  22. C. Dunn, Ethical Issues In Mental Illness. [REVIEW]Carla Bal - 1998 - Ethical Perspectives 5 (4):326-327.
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  23. Application of Oriental Philosophical Thoughts in Mental Health.J. P. Balodhi (ed.) - 2002 - National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences.
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  24. Questioning the Standard of Normality: Steps to a More Effective Understanding of Mental Health.Dr Steven James Bartlett - manuscript
    Psychological normality has remained one of the last as well as one of the most central unexamined presuppositions of current psychiatry and clinical psychology. With few exceptions in the literature, psychological normality has served as an unquestioned standard of mental health while the same standard has been used to equate deviations from normality with mental illness. This paper reviews some of the most compelling reasons to question this understanding both of mental health and of the psychological problems that many people (...)
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  25. Illness, Disease and Sin: The Connection Between Genetics and Spirituality.Matthias Beck - 2007 - Christian Bioethics 13 (1):67-89.
    The New Testament, while rejecting any superficial connection between illness and sin, does not reject a possible connection between illness and a person's relationship with God. An example can be seen in the story of the young blind man who was healed (St. John 9:3). His blindness does not result from any fault he or his parents had committed but apparently from God's wish to reveal his own healing power. The inner blindness of the Pharisees is a different type of (...)
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  26. Soundness of Mind and 'Mental Setting'.Hugo Adam Bedau - 1980 - Hastings Center Report 10 (2):46-48.
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  27. Attentional Deficit Versus Impaired Reality Testing: What is the Role of Executive Dysfunction in Complex Visual Hallucinations?Ralf-Peter Behrendt - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):758-759.
    A “multifactorial” model should accommodate a psychological perspective, aiming to relate the phenomenology of complex visual hallucinations not only to neurobiological findings but also an understanding of the patient's psychological problems and situation in life. Greater attention needs to be paid to the role of the “lack of insight” patients may have into their hallucinations and its relationship to cognitive impairment.
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  28. Ethical Challenges and Legal Issues for Mental Health Professionals Working with Family Caregivers of Individuals with Serious Mental Illness.Katherine R. Bellesheim - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
  29. Great and Desperate Cures: The Rise and Decline of Psychosurgery and Other Radical Treatments for Mental Illness by Elliot S. Valenstein.Ruth M. Benca - 1987 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 30 (3):463-465.
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  30. Sociology and Concepts of Mental Illness.Gillian Bendelow - 2004 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 11 (2):145-146.
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  31. Impaired Ability to Give a Meaning to Personally Significant Events in Patients with Schizophrenia.Fabrice Berna, Mehdi Bennouna-Greene, Jevita Potheegadoo, Paulina Verry, Martin A. Conway & Jean-Marie Danion - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):703-711.
    Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness affecting sense of identity. Autobiographical memory deficits observed in schizophrenia could contribute to this altered sense of identity. The ability to give a meaning to personally significant events is also critical for identity construction and self-coherence. Twenty-four patients with schizophrenia and 24 control participants were asked to recall five self-defining memories. We assessed meaning making in participants’ narratives and afterwards asked them explicitly to give a meaning to their memories . We found that both (...)
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  32. An Anatomy of Illness.David Biro - 2012 - Journal of Medical Humanities 33 (1):41-54.
    Because it focuses primarily on the sick body (disease), medicine ignores many of the concerns and needs of sick people. By listening to the stories of patients in the clinic, on the Internet, and in published book form, health care providers could gain a better understanding of the impact of disease on the person (illness), what it means to patients over and above their physical symptoms and what they might require over and above surgery or chemotherapy. Only by familiarizing themselves (...)
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  33. 'There but for the Grace of God': Moral Responsibility and Mental Illness.Pamela Bjorklund - 2004 - Nursing Philosophy 5 (3):188-200.
  34. Should Clinicians' Views of Mental Illness Influence the DSM?Elizabeth H. Flanagan Roger K. Blashfield - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 285-287.
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  35. Clinicians' Folk Taxonomies of Mental Disorders.Elizabeth H. Flanagan Roger K. Blashfield - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (3):pp. 249-269.
    Using methods from anthropology and cognitive psychology, this study investigated the relationship between clinicians’ folk taxonomies of mental disorder and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). Expert and novice psychologists were given sixty-seven DSM-IV diagnoses, asked to discard unfamiliar diagnoses, put the remaining diagnoses into groups that had “similar treatments” using hierarchical (making more inclusive and less inclusive groups) and dimensional (placing groups in a two-dimensional space) methodologies, and give names to the groups in their taxonomies. Clinicians (...)
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  36. Hildegard and Holism.Suzanne M. Phillips Monique D. Boivin - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 377-379.
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  37. Medieval Holism: Hildegard of Bingen on Mental Disorder.Suzanne M. Phillips Monique D. Boivin - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 359-368.
    Current efforts to think holistically about mental disorder may be assisted by considering the integrative strategies used by Hildegard of Bingen, a twelfth-century abbess and healer. We search for integrative strategies in the detailed records of Hilde-gard’s treatment of the noblewoman Sigewiza and in Hildegard’s more general writings. Three strategies support Hildegard’s holistic thinking: the use of narrative approaches to mental illness, acknowledging interdependence between perspectives, and applying principles of balance to the relationships between perspectives. Applying these three strategies to (...)
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  38. For the Love of a Barking Lady: An Exploration of Mental Illness in the Light of Max Scheler's "Invisible Person".Karen Maureen Boland - unknown
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  39. What is Mental Illness?Derek Bolton - 2013 - In K. W. M. Fulford (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. Oxford University Press. pp. 434.
    The question "What is mental illness?" raises many issues in many contexts, personal, social, legal, and scientific. This chapter reviews mental health problems as they appear to the person with the problems, and to family and friends-before the person attends the clinic and is given a diagnosis-a time in which whether there really is a problem, as opposed to life's normal troubles and variations, is undecided, as also the nature of the problem, if such it be, and the related matter (...)
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  40. Problems in the Definition of 'Mental Disorder'.Derek Bolton - 2001 - Philosophical Quarterly 51 (203):182-199.
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  41. On the Distinction Between Disease and Illness.Christopher Boorse - 1975 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 5 (1):49-68.
  42. Pre-Modern Ethics, Authoritative Narratives, and the Tribunal.Jenifer Booth - 2014 - The Oxford Handbook of Psychiatric Ethics.
    This chapter applies the modified philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre to mental health law, and in particular to the mental health tribunal. The natural law approach of Thomas Aquinas is used to assist in this. It is argued that, for law to be just in pre-modern terms, it requires that it be assessed as rational together with the care it supports as a single entity. As such, according to a modified version of the Thomistic Aristotelian ethics of MacIntyre, justice would require (...)
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  43. Shaking the Bedrock.Lisa Bortolotti - 2011 - Philosophy Psychiatry Psychology 18 (1):77-87.
    In this paper, I articulate the thesis that most delusional beliefs are continuous with other irrational beliefs. Any interpreter with some knowledge about the cognitive and affective life of subjects with delusions can at least partially understand their reports, and explain and predict their behavior in intentional terms. I identify similarities and differences between this approach to the nature of delusions and the approach adopted by Rhodes and Gipps, who have recently defended the view that people with delusions do not (...)
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  44. Delusions and Other Irrational Beliefs.Lisa Bortolotti - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Delusions are a common symptom of schizophrenia and dementia. Though most English dictionaries define a delusion as a false opinion or belief, there is currently a lively debate about whether delusions are really beliefs and indeed, whether they are even irrational. The book is an interdisciplinary exploration of the nature of delusions. It brings together the psychological literature on the aetiology and the behavioural manifestations of delusions, and the philosophical literature on belief ascription and rationality. The thesis of the book (...)
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  45. Affective Dimensions of the Phenomenon of Double Bookkeeping in Delusions.Lisa Bortolotti & Matthew Broome - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (2):187-191.
    It has been argued that schizophrenic delusions are “behaviourally inert.” This is evidence for the phenomenon of “double bookkeeping,” according to which people are not consistent in their commitment to the content of their delusions. The traditional explanation for the phenomenon is that people do not genuinely believe the content of their delusions. In the article, we resist the traditional explanation and offer an alternative hypothesis: people with delusions often fail to acquire or to maintain the motivation to act on (...)
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  46. Recent Work on the Nature and Development of Delusions.Lisa Bortolotti & Kengo Miyazono - 2015 - Philosophy Compass 10 (9):636-645.
    In this paper we review two debates in the current literature on clinical delusions. One debate is about what delusions are. If delusions are beliefs, why are they described as failing to play the causal roles that characterise beliefs, such as being responsive to evidence and guiding action? The other debate is about how delusions develop. What processes lead people to form delusions and maintain them in the face of challenges and counter-evidence? Do the formation and maintenance of delusions require (...)
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  47. The Social Nature of Mental Illness.Dr Leonard Bowers - 1998 - Routledge.
    Psychiatrists assert that mental illness is a physiological brain disorder. The anti-psychiatry movement refutes this on grounds of lack of evidence claiming that mental illness is socially defined. Len Bowers offers a rational, objective and philosophical critique of the theories of mental illness as a social construct and concludes that, though sometimes misguided, they cannot be wholly rejected. This critical scrutiny of a controversial and keenly-debated issue will be of interest to psychologists, social workers, psychiatrists, sociologists and professionals in paramedical (...)
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  48. Actions, Causes, and Psychiatry: A Reply to Szasz.I. M. Brassington - 2002 - Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (2):120-123.
    In a recent paper, it was argued forcefully by Thomas Szasz that it is crucial to the scientific credibility of psychiatry that it abandon talk of the behaviour of the mentally “ill” in terms of causes: such behaviour is not caused by their condition—it simply has reasons, which are discounted by the medical model. It is argued in this paper that Szasz's theory is incomplete for two reasons: first, in assuming that reasons are radically different from causes, it cannot account (...)
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  49. The Creativity of Dissociation.Stephen Braude - unknown
    This paper examines the complex and creative strategies employed in keeping beliefs, memories, and various other mental and bodily states effectively dissociated from normal waking consciousness. First, it examines cases of hypnotic anesthesia and hypnotically induced hallucination, which illustrate: (1) our capacity for generating novel mental contents, (2) our capacity for choosing a plan of action from a wider set of options, and (3) our capacity for monitoring and responding to environmental influences threatening to undermine a dissociative state. These observations (...)
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  50. Beyond Engel: Clinical Pragmatism as the Foundation of Psychiatric Practice.David H. Brendel - 2007 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 14 (4):pp. 311-313.
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