Mereology

Edited by Meg Wallace (University of Kentucky)
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  1. Roberto Casati and Achille Varzi, Parts and Places, the Structures of Spatial Representation.Marco Aiello - 2001 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 10 (2):269-272.
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  2. Wholes and Prehensive Unities for Physics and Philosophy.Lewis E. Akeley - 1927 - Journal of Philosophy 24 (22):589-608.
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  3. "Fallings From Us, Vanishings...": Composition and the Structure of Loss.Meena Alexander - 1984 - Analecta Husserliana 18:91.
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  4. The Mereology of Events.Robert Allen - 2005 - Sorites 16:23-37.
    I demonstrate here that it is possible for an event to be identical with one of its proper parts, refuting the key premise in Lawrence Lombard's argument for the essentiality of an event's time. I also propose and defend an alternative to his criterion of event identity.
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  5. The Structure of Wholes.Andras Angyal - 1939 - Philosophy of Science 6 (1):25-37.
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  6. Parts, Wholes and Identity.Andrew Arlig - 2012 - In John Marenbon (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Medieval Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 445--67.
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  7. Medieval Mereology.Andrew Arlig - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  8. Recensione di V. HARTE, Plato on Parts and Wholes. The Metaphysics of Structure.F. Aronadio - 2004 - Elenchos 25 (2):481-498.
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  9. On Composition.Axel Arturo Barceló Aspeitia - unknown
    I can make no sense of a true, literal application of the notion of proper (nontemporal) components or parts to things that occupy no space. Others apparently can, and some construct elaborate theories of propositional structure… Perhaps I am blind to a possibility that other, cognitively better endowed philosophers see. From my unseeing perspective, though, it is more likely that the appearance of sight deceives.
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  10. Wholes and Their Parts in Cognitive Psychology: Systems, Subsystems and Persons.Anthony P. Atkinson - unknown
    Decompositional analysis is the process of constructing explanations of the characteristics of whole systems in terms of characteristics of parts of those whole systems. Cognitive psychology is an endeavour that develops explanations of the capacities of the human organism in terms of descriptions of the brain's functionally defined information-processing components. This paper details the nature of this explanatory strategy, known as functional analysis. Functional analysis is contrasted with two other varieties of decompositional analysis, namely, structural analysis and capacity analysis. After (...)
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  11. Mass Phenomena and Complexities of Composition.Sunny Auyang - manuscript
    Much complexity we see around us stems from a similar source, structures generated by the interactive combination of many constituents. The constituents themselves can be rather simple, so can the relation between any two. However, because there are so many constituents in a large system, their multiple relations generate a relational network that can be highly complex, variegated, and surprising.
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  12. Universals and Property Instances: The Alphabet of Being.John Bacon - 1995 - Blackwell.
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  13. Multiple-Domain Supervenience for Non-Classical Mereologies.Ralf M. Bader - forthcoming - In Ontological Dependence and Supervenience. Philosophia.
    This paper develops co-ordinated multiple-domain supervenience relations to model determination and dependence relations between complex entities and their constituents by appealing to R-related pairs and by making use of associated isomorphisms. Supervenience relations are devised for order-sensitive and repetition-sensitive mereologies, for mereological systems that make room for many-many composition relations, as well as for hierarchical mereologies that incorporate compositional and hylomorphic structure. Finally, mappings are provided for theories that consider wholes to be prior to their parts.
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  14. Wholes and Parts.Archie J. Bahm - 1972 - Southwestern Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):17-22.
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  15. The Chemical Composition of the Volpar Contraceptive Products, Part 2.John R. Baker, R. M. Ranson & J. Tynen - 1939 - The Eugenics Review 31 (1):23.
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  16. Technology and the Future of Persons.Lynne Rudder Baker - 2013 - The Monist 96 (1):37-53.
  17. Ganeri, Jonardon., The Self: Naturalism, Consciousness and the First-Person Stance.Lynne Rudder Baker - 2013 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (1):160-162.
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  18. The Composition of the People of God.Armando Bandera - 1969 - The Thomist 33 (3):405.
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  19. Formal Ontology as an Operative Tool in the Theories of Objecs of the Life-World: Stumpf, Husserl and Ingarden.Horacio Banega - 2012 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 16 (2):64-88.
    Formal ontology as it is presented in Husserl`s Third Logical Investigation can be interpreted as a fundamental tool to describe objects in a formal sense. It is presented one of the main sources: chapter five of Carl Stumpf`s Ûber den psycholoogischen Ursprung der Raumovorstellung (1873), and then it is described how Husserlian Formal Ontology is applied in Fifth Logical Investigation. Finally, it is applied to dramatic structures, in the spirit of Roman Ingarden.
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  20. Phrase Rhythm and Composition.Viorica Barbu Iuraşcu - 2009 - Analysis and Metaphysics 8:155-159.
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  21. You Are Simple.David Barnett - 2010 - In Robert C. Koons & George Bealer (eds.), The Waning of Materialism. Oxford University Press. pp. 161--174.
    I argue that, unlike your brain, you are not composed of other things: you are simple. My argument centers on what I take to be an uncontroversial datum: for any pair of conscious beings, it is impossible for the pair itself to be conscious. Consider, for instance, the pair comprising you and me. You might pinch your arm and feel a pain. I might simultaneously pinch my arm and feel a qualitatively identical pain. But the pair we form would not (...)
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  22. Is Mental Composition Impossible in Principle?Pierfrancesco Basile - 2008 - Chromatikon: Annales de la Philosophie En Procès / Yearbook of Philosophy in Process 4:21-25.
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  23. Polnota Kak Ėsteticheskai͡a Kategorii͡a.E. I͡A Basin - 2011
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  24. Brentano's Mereology.Wilhelm Baumgartner & Peter Simons - 1994 - Axiomathes 1 (1):55-76.
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  25. Composition Dependence of Polymorphism and Electrical Conductivity in Ce-Doped Bi4V2O11.Saba Beg & Niyazi A. S. Al-Areqi - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (15):1279-1294.
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  26. Parts of Classes.Jose A. Benardete - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):620-622.
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  27. “Perfectly Understood, Unproblematic, and Certain”: Lewis on Mereology.Karen Bennett - unknown
    David Lewis famously takes mereology “to be perfectly understood, unproblematic, and certain” (1991, 75). It is central to his thought, appearing in his discussions of set theory, modality, vagueness, structural universals, and elsewhere. He held views not only about how composition works and when it occurs, but also about the role of mereology in philosophy. In this essay, I will proceed by articulating four theses that Lewis holds about composition. (I would call them the four U’s, if only ‘unguilty’ were (...)
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  28. Having a Part Twice Over.Karen Bennett - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):83 - 103.
    I argue that it is intuitive and useful to think about composition in the light of the familiar functionalist distinction between role and occupant. This involves factoring the standard notion of parthood into two related notions: being a parthood slot and occupying a parthood slot. One thing is part of another just in case it fills one of that thing's parthood slots. This move opens room to rethink mereology in various ways, and, in particular, to see the mereological structure of (...)
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  29. Joy Beyond Boredom : Totality and Infinity as a Work of Wonder.Silvia Benso - 2012 - In Scott Davidson & Diane Perpich (eds.), Totality and Infinity at 50. Duquesne University Press.
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  30. Some Comments on Professor Oaklander's "Particulars, Positional Qualities, and Individuation".Gustav Bergmann - 1977 - Philosophy of Science 44 (3):491-493.
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  31. Levinas's Ethical Critique of Levinasian Ethics.Robert Bernasconi - 2012 - In Scott Davidson & Diane Perpich (eds.), Totality and Infinity at 50. Duquesne University Press.
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  32. To Exist and to Count: A Note on the Minimalist View.Francesco Berto & Massimiliano Carrara - 2009 - Dialectica 63 (3):343-356.
    Sometimes mereologists have problems with counting. We often don't want to count the parts of maximally connected objects as full-fledged objects themselves, and we don't want to count discontinuous objects as parts of further, full-fledged objects. But whatever one takes "full-fledged object" to mean, the axioms and theorems of classical, extensional mereology commit us to the existence both of parts and of wholes – all on a par, included in the domain of quantification – and this makes mereology look counterintuitive (...)
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  33. The Fundamental Idea of Levinas's Philosophy.Georg W. Bertram - 2012 - In Scott Davidson & Diane Perpich (eds.), Totality and Infinity at 50. Duquesne University Press.
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  34. Quine, Mereology, and Inference to the Best Explanation.John Bigelow - 2010 - Logique Et Analyse 53 (212):465.
    Given Quine's views on philosophical methodology, he should not have taken the axioms of classical mereology to be "self-evident", or "analytic"; but rather, he should have set out to justify them by what might be broadly called an "inference to the best explanation". He does very little to this end. In particular, he does little to examine alternative theories, to see if there might be anything they could explain better than classical mereology can. I argue that there is something important (...)
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  35. The Lapidaire Chrétien, Its Composition, Its Influence, Its Sources. Léon Baisier.Helen Bobbins Bittermann - 1937 - Speculum 12 (1):111-114.
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  36. A Temporal Mereology for Distinguishing Between Integral Objects and Portions of Stuff.Thomas Bittner & M. Donnelly - manuscript
    In R. Holte and A. Howe (eds.), Proceedings of the Twenty-Second AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence (AAAI-07).
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  37. Individuals, Universals, Collections: On the Foundational Relations of Ontology.Thomas Bittner, Maureen Donnelly & Barry Smith - 2004 - In Achille Varzi Laure Vieu (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Proceedings of the Third International Conference. IOS Press. pp. 37–48.
    This paper provides an axiomatic formalization of a theory of foundational relations between three categories of entities: individuals, universals, and collections. We deal with a variety of relations between entities in these categories, including the is-a relation among universals and the part-of relation among individuals as well as cross-category relations such as instance-of, member-of, and partition-of. We show that an adequate understanding of the formal properties of such relations – in particular their behavior with respect to time – is critical (...)
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  38. A Spatio-Temporal Ontology for Geographic Information Integration.Thomas Bittner & Barry Smith - 2009 - International Journal for Geographical Information Science 23 (6):765-798.
    This paper presents an axiomatic formalization of a theory of top-level relations between three categories of entities: individuals, universals, and collections. We deal with a variety of relations between entities in these categories, including the sub-universal relation among universals and the parthood relation among individuals, as well as cross-categorial relations such as instantiation and membership. We show that an adequate understanding of the formal properties of such relations – in particular their behavior with respect to time – is critical for (...)
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  39. Advancing Composition.Lynn Bloom - 2000 - In Linda K. Shamoon, Rebecca Moore Howard, Sandra Jamieson & Robert Schwegler (eds.), Coming of Age: The Advanced Writing Curriculum. Boynton/Cook. pp. 3--18.
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  40. Wholes, Parts, and Sequences in Aristotle.D. J. Blyth - 1994 - International Philosophical Quarterly 34 (4):453-463.
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  41. Mereology as a Theory of Part-Whole.Alexander Bochman - 1990 - Logique Et Analyse 129 (30):75-101.
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  42. The Surface Plane.Martha Boles & Rochelle Newman - 1992
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  43. L'orizzonte Filosofico Del Comporre Nel Ventesimo Secolo = the Philosophical Horizon of Composition in the Twentieth Century.Gianmario Borio - 2003
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  44. Composition as Epistemology.P. Borkowski - 2008 - Philosophy Pathways 138.
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  45. Sur la composition du « phèdre ».Émile Bourguet - 1919 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 26 (3):335 - 351.
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  46. Étude sur l'esthétique de la composition platonicienne des mixtes.Nicolas Boussoulas - 1960 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 65 (4):422 - 448.
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  47. Étude sur l'Esthétique de la composition platonicienne des mixtes (suite et fin).Nicolas-Isidore Boussoulas - 1961 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 66 (1/2):142 - 158.
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  48. Parts and Wholes: Liberal-Communitarian Tensions in Democratic States.Eric Bredo - 2007 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 41 (3):445–457.
  49. The Composition of the Maitreyī Dialogue in the "Br̥hadāraṇyaka Upaniṣad".Joel Brereton - 2006 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 126 (3):323-345.
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  50. On Abstract Art.Ivan W. Brooks - 1936 - Philosophy 11 (42):195 - 202.
    Since the death of Cézanne in 1906, there has been throughout the world of European art a general reawakening of a sense of the necessity for constructive qualities in painting. Whereas our fathers were content to speak of the “composition” of a picture, in our own day it is more usual to speak of its construction. Composition, after all, is a comparatively loose and elastic term implying a generally harmonious arrangement of the massed effect of light and dark, a juxtaposition (...)
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