Metaontology

Edited by Frederique Janssen-Lauret (University of Manchester)
About this topic
Summary

Whereas ontology is concerned with the nature of reality in general, metaontology is concerned with the nature of ontology— whether its questions have substantive and tractable answers, and if so, how best to answer them. More broadly, what we might call ‘metametaphysics’ investigates the prospects and methodology of metaphysics.

Key works Classic works include Ayer 1936Carnap 1950, and Quine 1961. A collection of more recent work can be found in Chalmers et al 2009
Introductions Eklund 2006, Manley 2009, Thomasson 2012
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  1. Objectivity and Evaluation.Justin Clarke-Doane - forthcoming - In Christopher Cowie & Richard Rowland (eds.), Companions in Guilt Arguments in Metaethics.
    I this article, I introduce the notion of pluralism about an area, and use it to argue that the questions at the center of our normative lives are not settled by the facts -- even the normative facts. One upshot of the discussion is that the concepts of realism and objectivity, which are widely identified, are actually in tension. Another is that the concept of objectivity, not realism, should take center stage.
  2. Morality and Mathematics.Justin Clarke-Doane - forthcoming - Oxford University Press.
    In this book, I explore similarities and differences between morality and mathematics, realistically conceived. I argue that our mathematical beliefs have no better claim to being self-evident or provable than our moral beliefs. Nor do our mathematical beliefs have better claim to being empirically justified than our moral beliefs. It is also incorrect that reflection on the “genealogy” of our moral beliefs establishes a lack of parity between the cases. In general, if one is a moral antirealist on the basis (...)
  3. L'identità diacronica fra ontologia e metafisica.Francesco Franda - 2014 - Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Analitica Junior 2 (5):66-81.
    In this paper, I tackle the problem of diachronic identity. Far from providing a criterion for identity over time, the aim of this work is to understand if this issue pertains to ontology, conceived as that part of philosophy that tries to answer the question about what entities exist, and metaphysics, conceived as that part of philosophy that tries to explain, of those entities, what they are. On the face of it, only metaphysics has the task to solve this problem, (...)
  4. On Ajdukiewicz's and Quine's Views on Ontology.Artur Kosecki - 2018 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy (AO):1-18.
    The aim of the paper is to analyze the views of Willard van Orman Quine and compare them with the views of Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, an eminent philosopher from the Lvov-Warsaw School. I will argue that Ajdukiewicz's approach to ontology is deflationary and, in that respect, similar to Quine's. In my analysis of these two ontological stances, I would like to refer to Price's deflationist interpretation of Quine’s views in order to highlight the similarity between Ajdukiewicz's views and Quine’s stance on (...)
  5. Mereology: A Philosophical Introduction.Giorgio Lando - 2017 - London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    Parthood and composition are everywhere. The leg of a table is part of the table, the word "Christmas" is part of the sentence "I wish you a merry Christmas", the 13th century is part of the Middle Ages. The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg compose Benelux, the body of a deer is composed of a huge number of cells, the Middle Ages are composed of the Early Middle Ages, High Middle Ages, and Late Middle Ages. Is there really a general theory (...)
  6. Existência.João Branquinho - 2015 - Compêndio Em Linha de Problemas de Filosofia Analítica.
    Neste ensaio, discutem-se cinco questões acerca da existência: 1. É a existência representável em termos de quantificação? 2. É a existência um predicado" real", de primeira ordem? 3. É existir o mesmo que ser? 4. Existe tudo? 5. Qual é a forma lógica de afirmações de existência? São introduzidas e examinadas algumas das mais salientes posições acerca destas questões, em especial a concepção Frege-Russell da existência e diversas concepções recentes neo-Meinongianas. Defendemos as seguintes três teses acerca daquilo que deve ser (...)
  7. On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Fraser MacBride - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The concepts of particular and universal have grown so familiar that their significance has become difficult to discern, like coins that have been passed back and forth too many times, worn smooth so their values can no longer be read. On the Genealogy of Universals seeks to overcome our sense of over-familiarity with these concepts by providing a case study of their evolution during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, a study that shows how the history of these (...)
  8. The Significance of the New Logic.Walter Carnielli, Frederique Janssen-Lauret & William Pickering (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    W. V. Quine was one of the most influential figures of twentieth-century American analytic philosophy. Although he wrote predominantly in English, in Brazil in 1942 he gave a series of lectures on logic and its philosophy in Portuguese, subsequently published as the book O Sentido da Nova Lógica. The book has never before been fully translated into English, and this volume is the first to make its content accessible to Anglophone philosophers. Quine would go on to develop revolutionary ideas about (...)
  9. Kritik Über Gabriel, Markus, Wolfram Hogrebe & Andreas Speer, Hrsg. Das Neue Bedürfnis Nach Metyphysik. The New Desire for Metaphysics.Thomas Zimmer - 2017 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 20 (1):200-204.
  10. God and Abstract Objects: The Coherence of Theism: Aseity.William Lane Craig - 2017 - Springer.
    This book is an exploration and defense of the coherence of classical theism’s doctrine of divine aseity in the face of the challenge posed by Platonism with respect to abstract objects. A synoptic work in analytic philosophy of religion, the book engages discussions in philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and metaontology. It addresses absolute creationism, non-Platonic realism, fictionalism, neutralism, and alternative logics and semantics, among other topics. The book offers a helpful taxonomy of the wide range of options (...)
  11. Introduction to the Special Issue on The Enactive Approach to Qualitative Ontology.Andrea Pace Giannotta, Roberta Lanfredini, Nicola Liberati & Pagni Elena - 2016 - Humana.Mente - Journal of Philosophical Studies (31).
    This Special Issue is dedicated to building a bridge between different disciplines concerned in the investigation of the qualitative dimension of experience and reality. The two main objectives of the Issue can be summarized as follows: 1) to elucidate the need for a revision of categories to account for the qualitative dimension in various disciplines (that include, for example, the cognitive sciences, neurosciences, biology, linguistics, informatics, artificial intelligence, robotics, newly emerging computer technologies) in order to develop an ontology that can (...)
  12. What’s Wrong with Being Strange?Alan Sidelle - 1996 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 56 (1):209-215.
    Contribution to symposium on Eli Hirsch's Dividing Reality.
  13. The Problem of Metaphysics.Bredo C. Johnsen & D. M. MacKinnon - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (1):106.
  14. Make Ontology Easy Again. [REVIEW]Greg Frost-Arnold - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
    A book review of Amie Thomasson's defense of Neo-Carnapianism in her "Ontology Made Easy" (2015, Oxford UP).
  15. INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL: A QUIZZICAL RESPONSE.Andre Gallois - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):263-283.
  16. VI.—The Possibility of Metaphysics.F. C. Copleston - 1950 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50 (1):65-82.
  17. Theories of Properties and Ontological Theory-Choice: An Essay in Metaontology.Christopher Gibilisco - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    This dissertation argues that we have no good reason to accept any one theory of properties as correct. To show this, I present three possible bases for theory-choice in the properties debate: coherence, explanatory adequacy, and explanatory value. Then I argue that none of these bases resolve the underdetermination of our choice between theories of properties. First, I argue considerations about coherence cannot resolve the underdetermination, because no traditional theory of properties is obviously incoherent. Second, I argue considerations of explanatory (...)
  18. Relations in Lewis's Framework Without Atoms.A. P. Hazen - 1997 - Analysis 57 (4):243-248.
  19. Is There a True Metaphysics of Material Objects?Alan Sidelle - 2002 - Noûs 36 (s1):118-145.
    I argue that metaphysical views of material objects should be understood as 'packages', rather than individual claims, where the other parts of the package include how the theory addresses 'recalcitant data', and that when the packages meet certain general desiderata - which all of the currently competing views *can* meet - there is nothing in the world that could make one of the theories true as opposed to any of the others.
  20. The Complementarity of Science and Metaphysics.Cláudia Ribeiro - 2015 - Philosophica 90.
    A renewed interest in the old problem of the relationship between science and metaphysics has been fuelled by the ongoing debate between naturalistic metaphysicians and non-naturalistic metaphysicians. However, I maintain that this debate is missing the mark because it is focused on the problem of the credibility of a metaphysics that is not ‘scientific’, instead of focusing on the presence of metaphysics in science. In order to show that metaphysics pervades all stages of scientific inquiry, and after analysing the distinction (...)
  21. The Play of Masks.Frithjof Schuon - 1992
  22. Metaphysics as Creativity.F. D. Wilhelmsen - 1970 - The Thomist 34 (3):369.
  23. D. H. MELLOR: "Science and Metaphysics: Variations on Kantian Themes". [REVIEW]Wilfrid Sellars - 1971 - Ratio (Misc.) 13 (1):93.
  24. Science and Metaphysics.John Leonard Russell - 1958 - Sheed & Ward.
  25. Istrazivanje Pradozivljaja.C. Svetomir B. Nikolajevi & C. Mihailo Markovi - 1985 - Srpska Akademija Nauka I Umetnosti.
  26. The Realm of Metaphysics in Antiquity.Hans Urs von Balthasar & John Kenneth Riches - 1989
  27. Of What Use Is Metaphysics?Harry Ruja - 1957 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 38 (1):20.
  28. Metaphysics and Ultimate Questions.Thomas De Koninck - 2012 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 15 (2):42-63.
  29. Metaphysics After Metaphysics And The Realism Of The Constituted World.Jan Hudzik - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 3 (3):21-44.
    In this paper I undertake to confront two modes of thinking about social reality; one based on metaphysics as pursued by the so-called Lublin school of classical philosophy, and the other which takes as its starting point the critique of metaphysics. In so doing, I venture upon the well-known landscape of the debate about metaphysics after metaphysics. In part one of the paper I discus two solutions to the question of ontology of social beings, one of the classical, the other (...)
  30. Metaphysics, Intuitions and Physics.Jonathan Tallant - 2015 - Ratio 28 (3):286-301.
    Ladyman and Ross do not think that contemporary metaphysics is in good standing. However, they do think that there is a version of metaphysics that can be made to work – provided we approach it using appropriate principles. My aim in this paper is to undermine some of their arguments against contemporary metaphysics as it is currently practiced.
  31. Science and Metaphysics.K. B. Pflaum - 1969 - Philosophical Studies 18:233-235.
  32. The Aim and Scope of Scientific Metaphysics.Cristian Soto - 2014 - Metascience 23 (1):117-123.
  33. The Subject of Metaphysics.W. H. Kane - 1955 - The Thomist 18:503-521.
  34. Explanation and Metaphysical Controversy.Peter Railton - 1989 - In Philip Kitcher & Wesley Salmon (eds.), Scientific Explanation. Univ of Minnesota Pr. pp. 13--220.
  35. Formal Ontology.Nino Cocchiarella - 1991 - In Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.), Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Philosophia Verlag. pp. 640--647.
  36. On the Relationship Between the Physical and Metaphysical Aspects of Reality.A. Hubner - 1990 - Filosoficky Casopis 38 (4):570-570.
  37. On the Possibility of Metaphysics of Nature.Hd Mutschler - 1996 - Philosophisches Jahrbuch 103 (1):2-14.
  38. From Metaphysics to Physics and Back.Pierre Kerszberg - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (4):207-213.
  39. The Nature of Metaphysics.Antonio Moreno - 1966 - The Thomist 33 (2):109-135.
    This work includes contributions by grice, pears, strawson, hampshire, williams, buchdahl, gardiner, murdoch, and warnock. the general consensus of opinion seems to be that metaphysics is characterized by being conceptual revision. these philosophers also agree that there is no real future for such metaphysical enquiries. (staff).
  40. Dubious by Nature.Jonathan Tallant - 2013 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 43 (1):97-116.
    There is a charge sometimes made in metaphysics that particular commitments are ‘hypothetical’, ‘dubious’ or ‘suspicious’. There have been two analyses given of what this consists in—due to Crisp (2007) and Cameron (2011). The aim of this paper is to reject both analyses and thereby show that there is no obvious way to press the objection against said commitments that they are ‘dubious’ and objectionable. Later in the paper I consider another account of what it might be to be ‘dubious’, (...)
  41. All the Existences That There Are.Alberto Voltolini - 2012 - Disputatio 4 (32):361-383.
    In this paper, I will defend the claim that there are three existence properties: the second-order property of being instantiated, a substantive first-order property (or better a group of such properties) and a formal, hence universal, first-order property. I will first try to show what these properties are and why we need all of them for ontological purposes. Moreover, I will try to show why a Meinong-like option that positively endorses both the former and the latter first-order property is the (...)
  42. Science and Metaphysics.Rolf Gruner - 1975 - Philosophica 15 (1):67-77.
  43. Is Metaphysics a Waste of Time?Peter G. Jones - 2012 - Philosophy Pathways (171).
    The view that metaphysics is a waste of time appears to be gaining in popularity with every passing day. It is held openly by many scientists and even by many philosophers. I argue here that this is a consequence of the way metaphysics is often done, the futility of a certain approach to it, and not a reason to suppose that there is no useful knowledge to be acquired in metaphysics.
  44. Essays in Ontology.D. P. B. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):638-638.
  45. Metaphysical Presuppositions of Scientific Practice.Alexander Rueger & W. David Sharp - 1998 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28 (1):1-20.
  46. Four Dimensionalism: An Ontology of Persistence and Time.Theodore Sider - 2001 - Oxford University Press.
    Four- Dimensionalism defends the thesis that the material world is composed of temporal as well as spatial parts. This defense includes a novel account of persistence over time, new arguments in favour of the four-dimensional ontology, and responses to the challenges four- dimensionalism faces." "Theodore Sider pays particular attention to the philosophy of time, including a strong series of arguments against presentism, the thesis that only the present is real. Arguments offered in favour of four- dimensionalism include novel arguments based (...)
  47. Physical Research and Metaphysical Reality.H. Lawton - 1937 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 12 (3):458-475.
  48. Metaphysics. Staff - 1963 - International Philosophical Quarterly 3 (4):634-635.
  49. The Ontological Turn.Jack Kaminsky - 1976 - International Studies in Philosophy 8:192-194.
  50. Mind, Modality, Meaning, and Method.Jack Kaminsky - 1989 - International Studies in Philosophy 21 (3):135-136.
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