Metaontology

Edited by Frederique Janssen-Lauret (University of Manchester)
About this topic
Summary

Whereas ontology is concerned with the nature of reality in general, metaontology is concerned with the nature of ontology— whether its questions have substantive and tractable answers, and if so, how best to answer them. More broadly, what we might call ‘metametaphysics’ investigates the prospects and methodology of metaphysics.

Key works Classic works include Ayer 1936Carnap 1950, and Quine 1961. A collection of more recent work can be found in Chalmers et al 2009
Introductions Eklund 2006, Manley 2009, Thomasson 2012
Related categories

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  1. Essays in Ontology.D. P. B. - 1964 - Review of Metaphysics 17 (4):638-638.
  2. Metaphysics, Critique, and Utopia.Richard J. Bernstein - 1988 - Review of Metaphysics 42 (2):255 - 273.
  3. Existência.João Branquinho - 2015 - Compêndio Em Linha de Problemas de Filosofia Analítica.
    Neste ensaio, discutem-se cinco questões acerca da existência: 1. É a existência representável em termos de quantificação? 2. É a existência um predicado" real", de primeira ordem? 3. É existir o mesmo que ser? 4. Existe tudo? 5. Qual é a forma lógica de afirmações de existência? São introduzidas e examinadas algumas das mais salientes posições acerca destas questões, em especial a concepção Frege-Russell da existência e diversas concepções recentes neo-Meinongianas. Defendemos as seguintes três teses acerca daquilo que deve ser (...)
  4. The Significance of the New Logic.Walter Carnielli, Frederique Janssen-Lauret & William Pickering (eds.) - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    W. V. Quine was one of the most influential figures of twentieth-century American analytic philosophy. Although he wrote predominantly in English, in Brazil in 1942 he gave a series of lectures on logic and its philosophy in Portuguese, subsequently published as the book O Sentido da Nova Lógica. The book has never before been fully translated into English, and this volume is the first to make its content accessible to Anglophone philosophers. Quine would go on to develop revolutionary ideas about (...)
  5. The Metaphysical Criterion and Its Implications [with Discussion].H. Wildon Carr & Shadworth H. Hodgson - 1904 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 5:117 - 135.
  6. Metaphilosophical and Model Philosophical Questions.Mihirvikash Chakravarti - 1972 - Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Visva-Bharati.
  7. Formal Ontology.Nino Cocchiarella - 1991 - In Hans Burkhardt & Barry Smith (eds.), Handbook of Metaphysics and Ontology. Philosophia Verlag. pp. 640--647.
  8. VI.—The Possibility of Metaphysics.F. C. Copleston - 1950 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 50 (1):65-82.
  9. God and Abstract Objects: The Coherence of Theism: Aseity.William Lane Craig - 2017 - Springer.
    This book is an exploration and defense of the coherence of classical theism’s doctrine of divine aseity in the face of the challenge posed by Platonism with respect to abstract objects. A synoptic work in analytic philosophy of religion, the book engages discussions in philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and metaontology. It addresses absolute creationism, non-Platonic realism, fictionalism, neutralism, and alternative logics and semantics, among other topics. The book offers a helpful taxonomy of the wide range of options (...)
  10. Metaphysics and Ultimate Questions.Thomas De Koninck - 2012 - Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture 15 (2):42-63.
  11. The Role and Importance of Self-Existence in the Science of Metaphysics.Charles Denecke - 1945 - Washington.
  12. Reality, Science, and Metaphysics.C. J. Ducasse - 1949 - Synthese 8 (1):9 - 21.
  13. Brody on Sommers.George Englebretsen - 1974 - Philosophical Studies 26 (2):149 - 150.
  14. From Being Ontologically Serious to Serious Ontology.Michael Esfeld - 2006 - In John Heil: Symposium on His Ontological Point of View. Ontos. pp. 191--206.
  15. History of Dyadic Ontology.James K. Feibleman - 1952 - Review of Metaphysics 6 (3):351 - 367.
  16. The Conceptual Contingency of Mathematical Objects.Hartry Field - 1993 - Mind 102 (406):285-299.
  17. L'identità diacronica fra ontologia e metafisica.Francesco Franda - 2014 - Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Analitica Junior 2 (5):66-81.
    In this paper, I tackle the problem of diachronic identity. Far from providing a criterion for identity over time, the aim of this work is to understand if this issue pertains to ontology, conceived as that part of philosophy that tries to answer the question about what entities exist, and metaphysics, conceived as that part of philosophy that tries to explain, of those entities, what they are. On the face of it, only metaphysics has the task to solve this problem, (...)
  18. Make Ontology Easy Again. [REVIEW]Greg Frost-Arnold - forthcoming - Metascience:1-4.
    A book review of Amie Thomasson's defense of Neo-Carnapianism in her "Ontology Made Easy" (2015, Oxford UP).
  19. INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL: A QUIZZICAL RESPONSE.Andre Gallois - 1998 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):263-283.
  20. Theories of Properties and Ontological Theory-Choice: An Essay in Metaontology.Christopher Gibilisco - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Nebraska-Lincoln
    This dissertation argues that we have no good reason to accept any one theory of properties as correct. To show this, I present three possible bases for theory-choice in the properties debate: coherence, explanatory adequacy, and explanatory value. Then I argue that none of these bases resolve the underdetermination of our choice between theories of properties. First, I argue considerations about coherence cannot resolve the underdetermination, because no traditional theory of properties is obviously incoherent. Second, I argue considerations of explanatory (...)
  21. Science and Metaphysics.Rolf Gruner - 1975 - Philosophica 15 (1):67-77.
  22. The Legitimacy of Metaphysics.Susan Haack - 2008 - Philosophical Topics 36 (1):97-110.
    Part of Kant’s legacy to Peirce was a lasting conviction that metaphysics is not irredeemable, but can and should be set “on the secure path of a science”. However, Peirce’s “scientific metaphysics”, unlike Kant’s, uses the method of science, i.e., of experience and reasoning; but requires close attention to experience of the most familiar kind rather than the recherché experience needed by the special sciences. This distinctively plausible reconception of what a genuinely scientific metaphysics would be is part of Peirce’s (...)
  23. The Legitimacy of Metaphysics.Susan Haack - 2007 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 1 (1):97-110.
    Part of Kant’s legacy to Peirce was a lasting conviction that metaphysics is not irredeemable, but can and should be set “on the secure path of a science”. However, Peirce’s “scientific metaphysics”, unlike Kant’s, uses the method of science, i.e., of experience and reasoning; but requires close attention to experience of the most familiar kind rather than the recherché experience needed by the special sciences. This distinctively plausible reconception of what a genuinely scientific metaphysics would be is part of Peirce’s (...)
  24. Of What Use is Metaphysics?Everett W. Hall - 1936 - Journal of Philosophy 33 (9):236-245.
  25. A Prelude to Metaphysics.Katharine Rose Hanley - 1967 - Englewood Cliffs, N.J., Prentice-Hall.
  26. Relations in Lewis's Framework Without Atoms.A. P. Hazen - 1997 - Analysis 57 (4):243-248.
  27. Suppositions, Presuppositions, and Ontology.Ian Hinckfuss - 1993 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):595 - 618.
  28. On the Relationship Between the Physical and Metaphysical Aspects of Reality.A. Hubner - 1990 - Filosoficky Casopis 38 (4):570-570.
  29. Metaphysics After Metaphysics And The Realism Of The Constituted World.Jan Hudzik - 2008 - Studia Philosophica Wratislaviensia 3 (3):21-44.
    In this paper I undertake to confront two modes of thinking about social reality; one based on metaphysics as pursued by the so-called Lublin school of classical philosophy, and the other which takes as its starting point the critique of metaphysics. In so doing, I venture upon the well-known landscape of the debate about metaphysics after metaphysics. In part one of the paper I discus two solutions to the question of ontology of social beings, one of the classical, the other (...)
  30. Meta-Ontology.Peter van Inwagen - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999 (2-3):233-250.
    Quine has called the question, ‘What is there?’ the “ontological question.” But if we call this question by that name, what name shall we use for the question, ‘What are we asking when we ask “What is there?”’? I shall call it ‘the meta-ontological question’. I shall call the attempt to answer the meta-ontological question ‘meta-ontology’ and any proposed answer to it ‘a meta-ontology’. In this essay, I shall briefly sketch a meta-ontology. The meta-ontology I shall present is broadly Quinean. (...)
  31. The Problem of Metaphysics.Bredo C. Johnsen & D. M. MacKinnon - 1976 - Philosophical Review 85 (1):106.
  32. Is Metaphysics a Waste of Time?Peter G. Jones - 2012 - Philosophy Pathways (171).
    The view that metaphysics is a waste of time appears to be gaining in popularity with every passing day. It is held openly by many scientists and even by many philosophers. I argue here that this is a consequence of the way metaphysics is often done, the futility of a certain approach to it, and not a reason to suppose that there is no useful knowledge to be acquired in metaphysics.
  33. Mind, Modality, Meaning, and Method.Jack Kaminsky - 1989 - International Studies in Philosophy 21 (3):135-136.
  34. The Ontological Turn.Jack Kaminsky - 1976 - International Studies in Philosophy 8:192-194.
  35. Ontology and Language.Jack Kaminsky - 1962 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 23 (2):176-191.
  36. The Subject of Metaphysics.W. H. Kane - 1955 - The Thomist 18:503-521.
  37. From Metaphysics to Physics and Back.Pierre Kerszberg - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (4):207-213.
  38. Ontological Priorities: A Critique of the Announced Goals of "Descriptive Metaphysics".David Kolb - 1975 - Metaphilosophy 6 (3-4):238-258.
    A critique of Strawson's distinction between descriptive and revisionary metaphysics.
  39. On Ajdukiewicz's and Quine's Views on Ontology.Artur Kosecki - 2018 - Kriterion - Journal of Philosophy (AO):1-18.
    The aim of the paper is to analyze the views of Willard van Orman Quine and compare them with the views of Kazimierz Ajdukiewicz, an eminent philosopher from the Lvov-Warsaw School. I will argue that Ajdukiewicz's approach to ontology is deflationary and, in that respect, similar to Quine's. In my analysis of these two ontological stances, I would like to refer to Price's deflationist interpretation of Quine’s views in order to highlight the similarity between Ajdukiewicz's views and Quine’s stance on (...)
  40. Entity, but No Identity.Decio Krause - unknown
    Inspired in Quine's well known slogans “To be is to be the value of a variable” and "No entity without identity", we provide a way of enabling that non-individual entities (as characterized in the text) can also be values of variables of an adequate "regimented" language, once we consider a possible meaning of the background theory Quine reports to ground his view. In doing that, we show that there may exist also entities without identity, and emphasize the importance of paying (...)
  41. Mereology: A Philosophical Introduction.Giorgio Lando - 2017 - London, UK: Bloomsbury.
    Parthood and composition are everywhere. The leg of a table is part of the table, the word "Christmas" is part of the sentence "I wish you a merry Christmas", the 13th century is part of the Middle Ages. The Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg compose Benelux, the body of a deer is composed of a huge number of cells, the Middle Ages are composed of the Early Middle Ages, High Middle Ages, and Late Middle Ages. Is there really a general theory (...)
  42. Physical Research and Metaphysical Reality.H. Lawton - 1937 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 12 (3):458-475.
  43. The Structure of Metaphysics.Morris Lazerowitz - 1955 - London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.
    MOORE'S PARADOX IT has frequently happened that philosophers have held seriously views which seem to go completely counter to ever so many beliefs of common ...
  44. Metaphysics as Hypothesis.Harold N. Lee - 1947 - Journal of Philosophy 44 (13):344-352.
  45. On Ceasing to Exist.Leonard Linsky - 1960 - Mind 69 (274):249-250.
  46. Does the Descriptivist/Anti-Descriptivist Debate Have Any Philosophical Significance?E. J. Lowe - 2007 - Philosophical Books 48 (1):27-33.
  47. On the Genealogy of Universals: The Metaphysical Origins of Analytic Philosophy.Fraser MacBride - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    The concepts of particular and universal have grown so familiar that their significance has become difficult to discern, like coins that have been passed back and forth too many times, worn smooth so their values can no longer be read. On the Genealogy of Universals seeks to overcome our sense of over-familiarity with these concepts by providing a case study of their evolution during the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century, a study that shows how the history of these (...)
  48. Ontology Theory.Chris Menzel - manuscript
    rigorous theoretical foundations needed to elevate ontology to the in which one ontology can be related to another. Note also that the level of a genuine scientific discipline. This paper attempts to make..
  49. Reference Ontologies — Application Ontologies: Either/or or Both/And?Chris Menzel - unknown
    The distinction between reference ontologies and application ontologies crept rather unobtrusively into the recent literature on knowledge engineering. A lot of the discourse surrounding this distinction – notably, the one framing the workshop generating this collection of papers – suggests the two types of ontologies are in some sort of opposition to one another. Thus, Borge et al. [3] characterize reference ontologies (more recently, foundational ontologies) as rich, axiomatic theories whose focus is to clarify the intended meanings of terms used (...)
  50. On the Terms 'Metaphysics' and 'Being-Qua-Being'.Philip Merlan - 1968 - The Monist 52 (2):174-194.
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