1830 found
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1 — 50 / 1830
  1. added 2022-09-28
    In Defence of Mary's Consent: A Response to Hereth.Jack Mulder - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-16.
    In this article I defend the possibility of the Virgin Mary's free consent to bear the Son of God at the Annunciation against Blake Hereth's argument that God's offer cannot but be either coercive or deceptive, or both. I argue that the Immaculate Conception does help ensure this possibility, contrary to what Hereth also argues against me.
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  2. added 2022-09-28
    Epistemic Bunkers.Katherine Furman - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-11.
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  3. added 2022-09-28
    The End of Macro‐Narratives of Progress? History, Christian Theology, and the Anthropocene.Brad S. Gregory - forthcoming - Modern Theology.
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  4. added 2022-09-28
    Kern, the Two-Capacity View, and Paradigmatic Exercises of Rationality.T. Raja Rosenhagen - forthcoming - In Ori Beck & Miloš Vuletić (eds.), Empirical Reason and Sensory Experience.
    This is a short response piece to “The Knowledge View of Perception. Capacities, Opportunities and Hindrances for Perceptual Knowledge” - a paper given by Andrea Kern at the PEER conference 2021 in Pittsburgh. In it, I criticize Kern's argument against what she calls the Two-Capacity View (TCV). TCV is the view that generally, perception is a capacity that enables subjects to gain perceptual knowledge and that this capacity involves two sub-capacities: one for perception and one for judgment. In this piece, (...)
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  5. added 2022-09-28
    Emotions as States.Hichem Naar - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    A common distinction in emotion theory is between ‘occurrent emotions’ and ‘dispositional emotions’, ‘emotional episodes’ and ‘emotional states’, ‘emotions’ and ‘sentiments’, or more neutrally between ‘short-term emotions’ and ‘long-term emotions’. While short-term emotions are, or necessarily comprise, experiences, long-term emotions are generally seen as states that can exist without experience. Given the theoretical importance of experience for emotion theorists, long-term emotions are often cast aside as of secondary importance, or at any rate as in need of separate treatment. In this (...)
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  6. added 2022-09-28
    Existence Exists, and It is God.Christophe de Ray - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-16.
    Much of historic Christian philosophical theology has affirmed that God not only exists, but is Existence itself. Nowadays, this claim is widely rejected as unintelligible by theists and non-theists alike. I argue in contrast that if there is such a thing as Existence itself, that thing must be a maximally excellent being, which is what many philosophers call God. This is because Existence would itself need to exist, which is only possible if Existence exists in a paradigmatic way, that is, (...)
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  7. added 2022-09-28
    Insurgent Subjectivity: Hope and its Interactant Emotions in the Nicaraguan Revolution.Jean-Pierre Reed - forthcoming - Theory and Society.
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  8. added 2022-09-28
    The Social Indicators of the Reputation of an Expert.Gloria Origgi - forthcoming - Social Epistemology:1-9.
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  9. added 2022-09-28
    Toward a Post-Kantian Constructivism.Jack Samuel - forthcoming - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy.
    The conventional wisdom regarding the aims and shortcomings of Kantian constructivism is mistaken. The aim of metaethical constructivism is not to provide a naturalistic account of the objectivity of normative facts by deriving substantive morality from a conception of agency so thin as to be uncontroversial (a task at which it is generally regarded to have failed). Its aim is to explain the “grip” that normative facts have on us—to avoid what I call the problem of normative alienation. So understood, (...)
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  10. added 2022-09-28
    Grounding, Explanation, and the Tasks of Metaphysics.Daniel Nolan - forthcoming - In Aaron Segal & Nick Stang (eds.), Systematic Metaphysics: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Thinking about metaphysical problems in terms of grounding has its uses, but those uses are limited. This paper argues against attempts to see issues of grounding as having a central and organising role in metaphysical inquiry. After arguing that grounding does some useful work, this paper will argue that grounding is neither the central tool for understanding explanation in metaphysics, nor defines the subject matter of metaphysics. Instead, grounding tracks only some of the metaphysical explanations we should be looking for, (...)
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  11. added 2022-09-28
    Personal Acts, Habit, and Embodied Agency in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception.Justin F. White - 2022 - In Jeremy Dunham & Komarine Romdenh-Romluc (eds.), Habit and the History of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 152–165.
    In Aspiration, Agnes Callard examines the phenomenon of aspiration, the process by which one acquires values and becomes a certain kind of person. Aspiring to become a certain type of person involves more than wanting to act in certain ways. We want to come to see the world in a certain way and to develop the dispositions, attributes, and skills that allow us to seamlessly and effectively respond to situations. The skilled athlete or musician, for example, has developed the muscle (...)
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  12. added 2022-09-28
    On Being a Fan and on Fanhood and Its Implications for Defeating the Moral Sceptic.Anita M. Superson - 2022 - Dialogue 61 (2):347-368.
    I employ the notion of fanhood to object to David Gauthier's Dependency Thesis, according to which, if a disposition is rationally required to adopt, so too are the acts expressing it. I first establish that fanhood is a commitment relevantly similar to a moral commitment. I then argue that, because genuine fanhood characteristically issues in inherently irrational behaviours in the form of ‘luck charms,’ or, superstitious practices fans believe will help their team win, it poses a decisive objection to the (...)
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  13. added 2022-09-28
    Induction, Rationality, and the Realism/Anti-Realism Debate: A Reply to Shech.K. Brad Wray - 2022 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 34 (4):243-247.
    Shech offers a critical assessment of my defense of anti-realism, developed in Resisting Scientific Realism. Induction and inductive inferences play a central role in Shech’s critical analys...
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  14. added 2022-09-28
    Frames, Reasons, and Rationality.Sarah A. Fisher - 2022 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 30 (2):162-173.
    In his recent book, Frame It Again: New Tools for Rational Decision-Making, J. L. Bermúdez argues that it can be rational to evaluate the same thing differently when it is described using alternati...
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  15. added 2022-09-28
    Delusional Rationality.Stephanie Rhodes, Niall Galbraith & Ken Manktelow - 2022 - In Shira Elqayam, Igor Douven, Jonathan St B. T. Evans & Nicole Cruz (eds.), Logic and Uncertainty in the Human Mind: A Tribute to David E. Over. Routledge.
    In this chapter we review recent research in an area in which David Over has made an important contribution: reasoning in people with delusions. Delusional beliefs can be distinguished from the strong beliefs that everyone holds by the extra intensity with which they are held and their abnormally weak evidential basis, together with their tendency to disrupt an individual’s everyday functioning. However, non-clinical delusional ideation can also be found, where people tend to ‘jump to conclusions’ on the basis of apparently (...)
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  16. added 2022-09-28
    Bhai Vir Singh - A Harbinger of Sikh Renaissance and Father of Modern Punjabi Literature.Devinder Pal Singh - 2022 - Punjab Dey Rang, Lahore, Pakistan 16 (2):24-34.
    Bhai Vir Singh, a multifaceted personality, had made a seminal contribution to the Sikh religion, its heritage and Punjabi literature. He was one of the harbingers of the Sikh renaissance and immensely contributed to rejuvenating Sikh heritage, history, literature, education, culture and commerce. Bhai Vir Singh was born on December 5, 1872, at Amritsar. He was the eldest among his six siblings. His father, Dr. Charan Singh, was a medical practitioner and an illustrious scholar. His grandfather Bhai Kahan Singh was (...)
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  17. added 2022-09-28
    Protecting the Epistemic Standard.Levi Smith - 2022 - SHPRS Undergraduate Digital Humanities Journal 2:19-26.
    Global skepticism is the belief that it is universally impossible to reach the epistemic standard of knowledge. The most common form of global skepticism is the possibility of error argument which states that if there is a chance a belief could be mistaken then it is not epistemically justified, and since any belief about the external world could be mistaken, we thus have no knowledge about the external world. In response to the possibility of error argument contextualists argue that the (...)
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  18. added 2022-09-28
    Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Mind.Uriah Kriegel (ed.) - 2022
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  19. added 2022-09-28
    Religious Gestures and Secular Strengths: Emerson, Nagel, and Kateb on the Religious Temperament.Reza Hosseini - 2021 - Religious Studies 57 (3):434-447.
    What would happen to the reception of Emerson if one does not share his religious sentiments? I argue that appreciating Emerson does not depend upon sharing a similar attitude towards religion not only because we can discern a secular sense of wonder in his writings, as George Kateb claims, but also because his literary excellence shows us ways of wonder in the first place. Further, I show that though there is a brief exchange of similar ideas between Emerson and Thomas (...)
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  20. added 2022-09-28
    Hemispherectomies and Independently Conscious Brain Regions.James Blackmon - 2016 - Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 3 (4).
    I argue that if minds supervene on the intrinsic physical properties of things like brains, then typical human brains host many minds at once. Support comes from science-nonfiction realities that, unlike split-brain cases, have received little direct attention from philosophers. One of these realities is that some patients are functioning (albeit impaired) and phenomenally conscious by all medical and commonsense accounts despite the fact that they have undergone a hemispherectomy: an entire brain hemisphere has been fully detached. Another is the (...)
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  21. added 2022-09-28
    Marxism as a Learning Process: The Epistemic Rationality of Precedential Reasoning.Stephen D'Arcy -
    My aim in this paper is fairly modest. I obviously do not claim that there has never been or could never be an instance of irrational or fallacious appeals to quotations from canonical sources in the marxist tradition. Instead, I claim that the practice of using quotations from canonical sources is not, as such, irrational. If we understand the epistemological infrastructure of the practice -- the rational underpinnings of it -- we can grasp how these citations appeal to the presumptive (...)
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  22. added 2022-09-27
    Salvifici Doloris- How Religion Glorifies Suffering.Victor Mota - manuscript
    The social and personal utility of mental and physical suffering, exploration of the ideia that pain can be tolerated if we belive and so on euthanasia is not mandatory to several cases.
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  23. added 2022-09-27
    Resolution by Proxy.Samuel Elgin - manuscript
    I show that the theory of definition in Definition by Proxy can consistently embrace the principles I show to be inconsistent in Definition.
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  24. added 2022-09-27
    Pantheism Controversy.Valtteri Viljanen -
    The first (September 2022) draft for the forthcoming Spinoza Cambridge Lexicon. Please do not quote, but comments are welcome.
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  25. added 2022-09-27
    The Subject-as-Object Problem.Lisa Doerksen - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Thinking about oneself as a subject leaves unanswered fundamental questions about one’s identity as an object: about which thing one is, about what kind of thing one is, and about whether one exists at all. I put forward a new way of thinking about these questions by outlining the subject-as-object problem, a problem for inquiry directed at oneself qua subject. I argue that the source of the problem lies in the relationship between a basic precondition for inquiry – that something (...)
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  26. added 2022-09-27
    Lewisian Worlds and Buridanian Possibilia.Boaz Faraday Schuman - forthcoming - Dialectica.
    Many things can be other than they are. Many other things cannot. But what are statements like these about? One answer to this question is that we are speaking of possible worlds: if something can be other than it is, then it actually is that way in some possible world. If something cannot be otherwise, it is not otherwise in any world. This answer is presently dominant in analytical philosophy of language and logic. What are these worlds? David Lewis famously (...)
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  27. added 2022-09-27
    Mohammad Saleh Zarepour Necessary Existence and Monotheism (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2022). Pp. 1 + 75. £15.00 (Pbk). ISBN 9781108940054. [REVIEW]Nader Alsamaani - forthcoming - Religious Studies:1-4.
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  28. added 2022-09-27
    The State's Duty to Foster Voter Competence.Michele Giavazzi & Zsolt Kapelner - forthcoming - Episteme:1-14.
    In this paper we discuss an often-neglected topic in the literature on the ethics of voting. Our aim is to provide an account of what states are obligated to do, so that voters may fulfil their role as public decision-makers in an epistemically competent manner. We argue that the state ought to provide voters with what we call a substantive opportunity for competence. This entails that the state ought to actively foster the epistemic capabilities that are necessary to achieve competent (...)
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  29. added 2022-09-27
    Third-Personal Evidence for Perceptual Confidence.John Morrison - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
    Perceptual Confidence is the view that our conscious perceptual experiences assign degrees of confidence. In previous papers, I motived it using first-personal evidence (Morrison 2016) and Jessie Munton motivated it using normative evidence (Munton 2016). In this paper, I will consider the extent to which it is motivated by third-personal evidence. I will argue that the current evidence is supportive but not decisive. I will also describe experiments that might provide more decisive evidence.
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  30. added 2022-09-27
    The Methods of Metaphilosophy: Kant, Maimon, and Schelling on How to Philosophize About Philosophy.Jelscha Schmid - 2022 - Frankfurt am Main: Vittorio Klostermann.
    On the basis of an examination of Kant's, Maimon's and Schelling's metaphilosophies, this book investigates how, starting from Kant's diagnosis of a "groping metaphysics", a philosophical research program, whose goal is to elucidate the nature and method of philosophy itself, develops. What unites theirprojects is the thesis that philosophy must begin with an investigation of its own nature, and that this investigation, because of its special object, must be accompanied by a reflection on its method. To this end, their methods (...)
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  31. added 2022-09-27
    Scientific, Poetic, and Philosophical Clarity.James Camien McGuiggan - 2022 - Metaphilosophy 53 (5):1–18.
    What is it to be clear? And will that question have the same answer in science, poetry, and philosophy? This paper offers a taxonomy of clarity, before focusing on two notions that are pertinent to the notions of clarity in science, poetry, and, in particular, philosophy. It argues that “scientific clarity,” which is marked by its reliance on technical terms, is, though often appropriate, not the only way in which something can be clear. In particular, poetry entirely eschews technical terms—but (...)
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  32. added 2022-09-27
    Do Humean Relations Exist?Brent Delaney - 2022 - Philosophica 30 (59).
    Since the publication of Hume’s Treatise, scholars have been divided on how to interpret the ontology of Humean relations. In particular, is Hume’s theory of relations consistent with positivism, (skeptical) realism, or anti-realism? In this essay, I propose a novel distinction separating impressions and ideas from relations such that relations are construed as forming a distinct category equal to impressions and ideas. In so doing, I interpret Hume as fundamentally agnostic toward the ontology of relations.
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  33. added 2022-09-27
    Review of Levels of Organization in the Biological Sciences Edited by Dan Brooks, James DiFrisco, and William Wimsatt. [REVIEW]Ingo Brigandt - 2022 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie:doi:10.1007/s10838-022-09632-3.
  34. added 2022-09-27
    There Are No Epistemic Norms of Inquiry.David Thorstad - 2022 - Synthese 200 (5):1-24.
    Epistemic nihilism for inquiry is the claim that there are no epistemic norms of inquiry. Epistemic nihilism was once the received stance towards inquiry, and I argue that it should be taken seriously again. My argument is that the same considerations which led us away from epistemic nihilism in the case of belief not only cannot refute epistemic nihilism for inquiry, but in fact may well support it. These include the argument from non-existence that there are no non-epistemic reasons for (...)
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  35. added 2022-09-27
    How to Philosophize About Religion Globally and Critically... With Undergraduates.Timothy D. Knepper - 2020 - Religious Studies 56 (1):49-63.
    This article explores some critical issues pertinent to the practice of ‘global-critical’ philosophy of religion. Here, I focus on two general issues, especially as they have arisen in the production of a textbook and other pedagogical materials for an undergraduate course in philosophy of religion that is globally diverse and critically engaged: how to restructure philosophy of religion with topics and questions suitable for ‘global’ enquiry; how to philosophize about religion in a manner that is ‘critically’ aware of theoretical and (...)
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  36. added 2022-09-27
    Perceptual Variation and Relativism.John Morrison - 2020 - In Epistemology After Sextus Empiricus. pp. p.13–47.
    There is variation in how people perceive colors and other secondary qualities. The challenge of perceptual variation is to say whose perceptions are accurate. According to Sextus, Protagoras’ response is that all of our perceptions might be accurate. As this response is traditionally developed, it is difficult to explain color illusion and color constancy. This difficulty is due to a widespread assumption called perceptual atomism. This chapter argues that, if we want to develop Protagoras’ response, we need to give up (...)
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  37. added 2022-09-26
    Supererogation and the Limits of Reasons.Nathaniel Baron-Schmitt & Daniel Munoz - manuscript
  38. added 2022-09-26
    Love, Reason, and Irreplaceability (Draft).Christopher Grau - manuscript
    This is a draft of a talk I have given in several venues. At one point I planned to revise it for inclusion in the Oxford Handbook I co-edited, but for various reasons I decided against that. Since I still think it contains some useful material, I'm uploading it here.
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  39. added 2022-09-26
    An Empirical Argument for Presentism.David Builes & Michele Odisseas Impagnatiello - forthcoming - Oxford Studies in Metaphysics.
    According to orthodoxy, our best physical theories strongly support Eternalism over Presentism. Our goal is to argue against this consensus, by arguing that a certain overlooked aspect of our best physical theories strongly supports Presentism over Eternalism.
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  40. added 2022-09-26
    Self-Knowledge of Desire: When Inference Is Not Enough.Uku Tooming - forthcoming - International Journal of Philosophical Studies:1-18.
    According to inferentialism about self-knowledge of desire, the basic way in which we come to know what we want is through inference. In this paper, I argue that in a wide range of cases of knowing one’s desire, inference is insufficient. In particular, I look at two inferentialist models, one proposed by Krista Lawlor and the other by Alex Byrne and look at the challenges that they face in securing safe self-ascriptions. In response to these difficulties, I argue that we (...)
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  41. added 2022-09-26
    Bridge Principles and Epistemic Norms.Claire Field & Bruno Jacinto - forthcoming - Erkenntnis.
    Is logic normative for belief? A standard approach to answering this question has been to investigate bridge principles relating claims of logical consequence to norms for belief. Although the question is naturally an epistemic one, bridge principles have typically been investigated in isolation from epistemic debates over the correct norms for belief. In this paper we tackle the question of whether logic is normative for belief by proposing a Kripkean model theory accounting for the interaction between logical, doxastic, epistemic and (...)
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  42. added 2022-09-26
    What We Can and Cannot Say: An Apophatic Response to Atheism.Joshua Matthan Brown - forthcoming - In Joshua Matthan Brown & James Siemens (eds.), Eastern Christian Approaches to Philosophy. Palgrave Macmillan.
    Joshua Matthan Brown contrasts the concept of God assumed by most analytic philosophers, what he refers to as theistic personalism, with that of the apophatic conception of God endorsed by Eastern Christian thinkers. He maintains that the most powerful and economical response to contemporary arguments for atheism is to reject theistic personalism and adopt apophatic theism. Apophatic theists believe there is a lot we cannot say about God, taking the divine nature to be completely ineffable. Brown develops a coherent account (...)
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  43. added 2022-09-26
    Individuating Goods on Markets with a View Towards Ethics and Economics.Joshua Stein - 2022 - Journal of Social Ontology 8 (1):1-23.
    This paper proposes that goods (the things exchanged in financial transactions and an object of study in economics) should be individuated according to a two-place relation constituted by an object and a description. Several of the problems in contemporary philosophy of economics involve shifting focus from objects to descriptions, while certain phenomena central to micro-economics, market regulation, and political economy require consideration of one of the two places. The paper argues thatby considering both constituents in a relation, many of those (...)
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  44. added 2022-09-26
    As implicações antidemocráticas do transumanismo. The anti-democratic implications of transhumanism.Bruno Camilo de Oliveira - 2022 - Problemata: International Journal of Philosophy 13 (2):81-90.
    O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar a tese do filósofo e economista nipo-americano Francis Fukuyama, conhecida como “fim da história”, para refletir sobre o argumento central dessa tese de que o transumanismo representa um problema para a democracia. Para tanto, será realizada uma análise conceitual, a partir de trechos selecionados, dos trabalhos de Fukuyama intituladosO fim da história e o último homem, Ourposthuman futuree “Transhumanism”. Segundo Fukuyama, uma vez que os resultados da biotecnologia permitem cada vez mais aos humanos controlar (...)
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  45. added 2022-09-26
    LOCKE, BERKELEY VE HUME AÇISINDAN TÖZ SORUNU.F. Güdücü - 2022 - Dissertation,
    Bu tezde töz sorununun ampirist filozoflar tarafından nasıl ele alındığı üzerinde durulacaktır. Varlık ve bilgi felsefesini tek bir potada eriten ve felsefenin en eski sorunlarından bir tanesi olan töz sorunu on sekizinci yüzyıl düşünürleri olan Locke, Berkeley ve Hume’un görüşleri çerçevesinde incelenmeye çalışılacaktır. Bu konunun belirlenmesinde töz sorununun felsefenin başlangıcından günümüze kadar devam eden bir sorun olması etkili olmuştur.
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  46. added 2022-09-26
    Against the Explanatory Argument for Enactivism.Leonard Dung - 2022 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 29 (7-8):57-68.
    Sensorimotor enactivism is the view that the content and the sensory modality of perceptual experience are determined by implicit knowledge of lawful regularities between bodily movements and patterns of sensory stimulation. A proponent of the explanatory argument for sensorimotor enactivism holds that this view is able to provide an intelligible explanation for why certain material realizers give rise to certain perceptual experiences, while rival accounts cannot close this “explanatory gap”. However, I argue that the notion of the “material realizer” of (...)
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  47. added 2022-09-26
    The quantification of intelligence in nineteenth-century craniology: an epistemology of measurement perspective.Michele Luchetti - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (4):1-29.
    Craniology – the practice of inferring intelligence differences from the measurement of human skulls – survived the dismissal of phrenology and remained a widely popular research program until the end of the nineteenth century. From the 1970s, historians and sociologists of science extensively focused on the explicit and implicit socio-cultural biases invalidating the evidence and claims that craniology produced. Building on this literature, I reassess the history of craniological practice from a different but complementary perspective that relies on recent developments (...)
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  48. added 2022-09-26
    Can AI Help Us to Understand Belief? Sources, Advances, Limits, and Future Directions.Andrea Vestrucci, Sara Lumbreras & Lluis Oviedo - 2021 - International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence 7 (1):24-33.
    The study of belief is expanding and involves a growing set of disciplines and research areas. These research programs attempt to shed light on the process of believing, understood as a central human cognitive function. Computational systems and, in particular, what we commonly understand as Artificial Intelligence (AI), can provide some insights on how beliefs work as either a linear process or as a complex system. However, the computational approach has undergone some scrutiny, in particular about the differences between what (...)
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  49. added 2022-09-25
    Impact of Emotional Intelligence and Personality Traits on Managing Team Performance in Virtual Interface.Susan Murmu & Netra Neelam - forthcoming - Asian Journal of Business Ethics.
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  50. added 2022-09-25
    Ontological Analysis and Redesign of Security Modeling in ArchiMate.Ítalo Oliveira, Tiago Prince Sales, João Paulo A. Almeida, Riccardo Baratella, Mattia Fumagalli & Giancarlo Guizzardi - forthcoming - PoEM 2022: The Practice of Enterprise Modeling 2022, Proceedings:1-16.
    Enterprise Risk Management and security have become a fundamental part of Enterprise Architecture, so several frameworks and modeling languages have been designed to support the activities associated with these areas. Archi- Mate’s Risk and Security Overlay is one of such proposals, endorsed by The Open Group. We investigate the capabilities of the proposed security-related con- structs in ArchiMate with regard to the necessities of enterprise security modeling. Our analysis relies on a well-founded reference ontology of security to uncover ambiguity, missing (...)
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1 — 50 / 1830