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  1. Toxic Warrior Identity, Accountability, and Moral Risk.Stoney Portis & Jessica Wolfendale - manuscript
    Academics working on military ethics and serving military personnel rarely have opportunities to talk to each other in ways that can inform and illuminate their respective experiences and approaches to the ethics of war. The workshop from which this paper evolved was a rare opportunity to remedy this problem. Our conversations about First Lieutenant (1LT) Portis’s experiences in combat provided a unique chance to explore questions about the relationship between oversight, accountability, and the idea of moral risk in military operations. (...)
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  2. Could Slaughterbots Wipe Out Humanity? Assessment of the Global Catastrophic Risk Posed by Autonomous Weapons.Alexey Turchin - manuscript
    Recently criticisms against autonomous weapons were presented in a video in which an AI-powered drone kills a person. However, some said that this video is a distraction from the real risk of AI—the risk of unlimitedly self-improving AI systems. In this article, we analyze arguments from both sides and turn them into conditions. The following conditions are identified as leading to autonomous weapons becoming a global catastrophic risk: 1) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) development is delayed relative to progress in narrow (...)
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  3. Target Acquired: The Ethics of Assassination.Nathan Gabriel Wood - manuscript
    In international law and the ethics of war, there are a variety of actions which are seen as particularly problematic and presumed to be always or inherently wrong, or in need of some overwhelmingly strong justification to override the presumption against them. One of these actions is assassination, in particular, assassination of heads of state. In this essay I argue that the presumption against assassination is incorrect. In particular, I argue that if in a given scenario war is justified, then (...)
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  4. Child Soldiers: An Ethical Perspective.Jeff McMahon - manuscript
    in Scott Gates and Simon Reich, eds., Building Knowledge About Children in Armed Conflict (forthcoming in the University of Pittsburgh’s Ridgway/Ford security studies series).
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  5. A Taste of Armageddon: A Virtue Ethics Perspective on Autonomous Weapons and Moral Injury.Massimiliano Lorenzo Cappuccio, Jai Christian Galliott & Fady Shibata Alnajjar - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-20.
    Autonomous weapon systems could in principle release military personnel from the onus of killing during combat missions, reducing the related risk of suffering a moral injury and its debilita...
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  6. Strategic Humanism: Lessons on Leadership From the Ancient Greeks.Martin L. Cook - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-1.
    This small volume from Claudia Hauer results from an interesting and important intersection of her professional experiences. Trained in Classics, Hauer has spent most of her career at St. John’s Co...
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  7. Eight Arguments Against Double Effect.Ezio Di Nucci - forthcoming - In Proceedings of the XXIII. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Philosophie.
    I offer eight arguments against the Doctrine of Double Effect, a normative principle according to which in pursuing the good it is sometimes morally permissible to bring about some evil as a side-effect or merely foreseen consequence: the same evil would not be morally justified as an intended means or end.
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  8. Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition.Edward Erwin - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-6.
    A wide-ranging compendium of incisive essays, Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition promises to be an important contribution to the just war dialogue. Writte...
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  9. Ethics and Military Strategy in the 21st Century: Moving Beyond Clausewitz.Edward Erwin - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-5.
    George Lucas, an internationally renowned authority on military ethics, passionately and persuasively submits the argument in his latest book that military strategy must surpass the outdated Clause...
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  10. The First Wave: The D-Day Warriors Who Led the Way to Victory in World War II, by Alex Kershaw.Claudia Hauer - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  11. Realist Ethics: Just War Traditions and Power Politics, by Valerie Morkevicius.N. G. Melgaard - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  12. Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War.Nicholas Melgaard - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-6.
    Cian O’Driscoll’s Victory: The Triumph and Tragedy of Just War covers a vast range of materials, discussing the idea of victory and its relationship to just war theory. The idea of victory raises s...
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  13. The Ashgate Research Companion to Military Ethics.Roger Mason PhD - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-3.
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  14. Reporting, Reflecting, Participating: Media Intervention in the Balkan War in Welcome to Sarajevo, No Man’s Land, and The Hunting Party.Tatiana Prorokova-Konrad - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-15.
    The Balkan War was a conflict that provoked many parties to intervene. The war was also covered by a number of journalists, who carried out what we may call a “media intervention.” This article ana...
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  15. Automated Influence and the Challenge of Cognitive Security.Sarah Rajtmajer & Daniel Susser - forthcoming - HoTSoS: ACM Symposium on Hot Topics in the Science of Security.
    Advances in AI are powering increasingly precise and widespread computational propaganda, posing serious threats to national security. The military and intelligence communities are starting to discuss ways to engage in this space, but the path forward is still unclear. These developments raise pressing ethical questions, about which existing ethics frameworks are silent. Understanding these challenges through the lens of “cognitive security,” we argue, offers a promising approach.
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  16. No Peaceful Warriors.Ambrose Redmoon - forthcoming - Gnosis: Ajournal of Western Inner Traditions.
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  17. Contemporary Technologies and the Morality of Warfare: The War of the Machines.Brian Smith - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-5.
    The belief that automated technologies will have a salutary effect on war goes back to the late nineteenth century. In 1898, at Madison Square Garden, Nikola Tesla famously showcased the first radi...
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  18. The Strategic Corporal Revisited: Challenges Facing Combatants in 21st-Century Warfare, Edited by David W. Lovell and Deane-Peter Baker.Jeremy S. Stirm - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-3.
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  19. Albert Einstein. The Roads to Pacifism.Henrik Syse - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  20. Warfare. Fourth International Conference of Cyber Conflict.Mariarosaria Taddeo - forthcoming - NATO CCD COE and IEEE Publication.
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  21. May 5, 2011 Argument: Final Paper Controlling Private Security Companies with Regulation On September 16, 2007, in Nisour Square, West of Central Baghdad, Afghanistan. [REVIEW]Leah Tedesco - forthcoming - Argument: Biannual Philosophical Journal.
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  22. Political Action by the Military in the Developing Areas.Fred R. Von der Mehden & Charles W. Anderson - forthcoming - Social Research: An International Quarterly.
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  23. Critiquing the Subject of Moral Injury.Joseph Wiinikka-Lydon - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-17.
    Moral injury embodies the claim that war is so transgressive for soldiers that it can create situations that may undermine one’s trust in oneself, others, and the world. Central to leading conceptu...
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  24. The Hungarian Theory of Just War Based on the Idea of the Holy Crown: A Historical Case of Just Mission.Mihaly Boda - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):269-280.
    Warfare ideologies are as old as human civilization. By now, they have grown into an important and extended research field, including works analyzing the justification of war in ancient Indian epic...
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  25. Operationalizing the Ethics of Soldier Enhancement.Jovana Davidovic & Forrest S. Crowell - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):180-199.
    This article is a result of a unique project that brought together academics and military practitioners with a mind to addressing difficult moral questions in a way that is philosophically careful,...
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  26. The Moral Status of Combatants: A New Theory of Just War.George Lucas - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):296-298.
    This book-cover's announcement of a “new theory” of just war is likely just publisher's editorial hyperbole. The author, however, does not in the end require such outside assistance. From the outse...
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  27. Loyalty: A Grey Virtue.Peter Olsthoorn - 2022 - In Desiree Verweij, Peter Olsthoorn & Eva van Baarle (eds.), Ethics and Military Practice. Leiden Boston: pp. 40-52.
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  28. Fostering Respect in the Military.Adam C. Pelser - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):281-292.
    Fostering a culture and climate of respect is a point of emphasis for the United States military. Yet, despite its clear commitment to the value of respect—and, more specifically, respect for human...
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  29. Character or Institution? Virtues or Rules?Henrik Syse - 2022 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):161-162.
    From their origins in Greek and Latin, the words ethics and morality have always contained an in-built ambivalence. Are they primarily concerned with individual character-building and virtue, or ar...
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  30. Ethics and Military Practice.Désirée Verweij, Peter Olsthoorn & Eva van Baarle (eds.) - 2022 - Leiden Boston: Brill.
    Democratic societies expect their armed forces to act in a morally responsible way, which seems a fair expectation given the fact that they entrust their armed forces with the monopoly of violence. However, this is not as straightforward and unambiguous as it sounds. Present-day military practices show that political assignments, social and cultural contexts, innovative technologies and organisational structures, present military personnel with questions and dilemma’s that can have far-reaching consequences for all involved – not in the last place for (...)
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  31. An Assessment of Student Moral Development at the National Defense University: Implications for Ethics Education and Moral Development for Senior Government and Military Leaders.Raj Agrawal, Kenneth Williams & B. J. Miller - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 19 (4):312-330.
    Senior service colleges provide professional education to prepare military and government civilians for public service at the senior levels of strategy and policy. Inclusive in the program of study...
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  32. Hume’s Law as Another Philosophical Problem for Autonomous Weapons Systems.Robert James M. Boyles - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (2).
    This article contends that certain types of Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS) are susceptible to Hume’s Law. Hume’s Law highlights the seeming impossibility of deriving moral judgments, if not all evaluative ones, from purely factual premises. If autonomous weapons make use of factual data from their environments to carry out specific actions, then justifying their ethical decisions may prove to be intractable in light of the said problem. In this article, Hume’s original formulation of the no-ought-from-is thesis is evaluated in relation (...)
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  33. Targeted Killing in-Between Retribution, Deterrence, and Mercy: A Response to Anh Le.Christian Nikolaus Braun - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (2):152-157.
    This article responds to Anh Le’s critique of my Journal of Military Ethics article entitled “The Morality of Retributive Targeted Killing.” Le argues that while retribution can in theory function...
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  34. Autonomous Weapon Systems and the Claim Rights of Innocents on the Battlefield.Hunter Cantrell - 2021 - AI and Ethics.
    A goal of modern war ought to be the minimization of innocent death and injury, while at the same time maximizing the potential to decisively defeat the enemy as quickly and efficiently as is possible. As the techniques for warfighting have evolved, a growing trend of reliance on sophisticated technology has followed. Likely, autonomous systems will increasingly play a role¾lethal and non-lethal—in future wars. Much of the current debate surrounding such autonomous systems—autonomous weapons systems (AWS) to be exact— is “pre-implementational” (...)
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  35. JME and Afghanistan Twenty Years On.James L. Cook - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (2):91-92.
    “Fear and I were born twins together,” said Hobbes, alluding to the Spanish armada-borne scare of 1588. The year 2001 birthed a similarly synergistic pair, the attacks of 9/11 and this journal, Jou...
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  36. Moral Injury Among Returning Veterans: From Thank You for Your Service to a Liberative Solidarity.Darren Cronshaw - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):293-294.
    Note: Content within this article regarding moral injury, sexual trauma, and mental health may be distressing to some people.Wars in Iraq and Afghanistan involving Coalition troops are over but sol...
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  37. The Unfounded Bias Against Autonomous Weapons Systems.Áron Dombrovszki - 2021 - Információs Társadalom 21 (2):13–28.
    Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS) have not gained a good reputation in the past. This attitude is odd if we look at the discussion of other-usually highly anticipated-AI-technologies, like autonomous vehicles (AVs); whereby even though these machines evoke very similar ethical issues, philosophers' attitudes towards them are constructive. In this article, I try to prove that there is an unjust bias against AWS because almost every argument against them is effective against AVs too. I start with the definition of "AWS." Then, (...)
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  38. The Ethics of Biomedical Military Research: Therapy, Prevention, Enhancement, and Risk.Alexandre Erler & Vincent C. Müller - 2021 - In Daniel Messelken & David Winkler (eds.), Health care in contexts of risk, uncertainty, and hybridity. Berlin: Springer. pp. 235-252.
    What proper role should considerations of risk, particularly to research subjects, play when it comes to conducting research on human enhancement in the military context? We introduce the currently visible military enhancement techniques (1) and the standard discussion of risk for these (2), in particular what we refer to as the ‘Assumption’, which states that the demands for risk-avoidance are higher for enhancement than for therapy. We challenge the Assumption through the introduction of three categories of enhancements (3): therapeutic, preventive, (...)
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  39. Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition, Edited by Eric Patterson and Marc LiVechhe.Edward Erwin - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (1):84-89.
    A wide-ranging compendium of incisive essays, Responsibility and Restraint: James Turner Johnson and the Just War Tradition promises to be an important contribution to the just war dialogue. Writte...
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  40. Prevalence of Potentially Morally Injurious Events in Operationally Deployed Canadian Armed Forces Members.Kevin T. Hansen, Charles G. Nelson & Ken Kirkwood - 2021 - Journal of Traumatic Stress 34:764-772.
  41. In Search of the Virtuous Propagandist: The Ethics of Selling War.Roger G. Herbert - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (2):93-112.
    Before they can commit their states to war, leaders who believe that war is necessary must first secure public commitment to collective action and sacrifice. The chief instrument for achieving this...
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  42. Health Justice for Unjust Combatants.Blake Hereth - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (1):67-81.
    Are field medics morally permitted to treat unjust combatants? I distinguish between two kinds of enemy combatants: reactivated ones who will rejoin the fight, and deactivated ones who will not rejoin the fight. Helen Frowe has argued that field medics are not permitted to treat reactivated combatants but is silent about deactivated ones. First, I argue that Frowe’s account plausibly extends to a moral prohibition on treating deactivated combatants in addition to reactivated ones. Second, I argue that the best argument (...)
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  43. On Weaponizing Cannabis.Łukasz Kamieński - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (3-4):251-268.
    Neither non-lethal violence nor psychochemical weapons are new concepts. History provides examples of attempts to use these both to limit the scope of war and to turn mind-altering compounds into w...
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  44. Targeted Killing for Retribution Only Is Practically Impossible: A Rejoinder to Christian Braun.Anh Le - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (2):145-151.
    This article critically engages with Christian Braun's article “The Morality of Retributive Targeted Killing” from the Journal of Military Ethics. Braun argues that retributive targeted killing can...
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  45. Rhetoric Matters: Inviting Military Overreach with the Sheepdog Analogy.Lawrence Lengbeyer - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (1):21-46.
    Military personnel encounter analogies meant to help them understand their role and tasks. One such depicts military “sheepdogs” protecting ordinary-citizen “sheep” from predator “wolves.” But simp...
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  46. Health Care in Contexts of Risk, Uncertainty, and Hybridity.Daniel Messelken & David Winkler (eds.) - 2021 - Springer.
    This book sheds light on various ethical challenges military and humanitarian health care personnel face while working in adverse conditions. Contexts of armed conflict, hybrid wars or other forms of violence short of war, as well as natural disasters, all have in common that ordinary circumstances can no longer be taken for granted. Hence, the provision of health care has to adapt, for example, to a different level of risk, to scarce resources, or uncommon approaches due to external incentives or (...)
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  47. How to Report on War in the Light of an African Ethic.Thaddeus Metz - 2021 - In Jonathan O. Chimakonam, Edwin Etieyibo & Ike Odimegwu (eds.), Essays on Contemporary Issues in African Philosophy. Springer. pp. 145-162.
    While there is a budding literature on media ethics in the light of characteristic sub-Saharan moral values, there is virtually nothing on wartime reporting more specifically. Furthermore, the literature insofar as it has a bearing on wartime reporting suggests that embedded journalism and patriotic journalism are ethically justified during war. In this essay, I sketch a prima facie attractive African moral theory, grounded on a certain interpretation of the value of communal relationship, and bring out what it entails for the (...)
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  48. Ethics for Drone Operators: Rules Versus Virtues.Peter Olsthoorn - 2021 - In Christian Enemark (ed.), Ethics of Drone Strikes: Restraining Remote-Control Killing. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Until recently most militaries tended to see moral issues through the lens of rules and regulations. Today, however, many armed forces consider teaching virtues to be an important complement to imposing rules and codes from above. A closer look reveals that it is mainly established military virtues such as honour, courage and loyalty that dominate both the lists of virtues and values of most militaries and the growing body of literature on military virtues. Although there is evidently still a role (...)
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  49. Military Virtues for Today.Peter Olsthoorn - 2021 - Ethics and Armed Forces 2021 (2):24-29.
    How can military personnel be prevented from using force unlawfully? A critical examination of typical methods and the suitability of virtue ethics for this task starts with the inadequacies of a purely rules-based approach, and the fact that many armed forces increasingly rely on character development training. The three investigated complexes also raise further questions which require serious consideration – such as about the general teachability of virtues. First, the changing roles and responsibilities of modern armed forces are used to (...)
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  50. The Good Kill: Just War and Moral Injury.Eric Patterson - 2021 - Journal of Military Ethics 20 (2):158-159.
    Marc LiVecche concludes this important book thus, My hope is that we may begin to unburden warfighters from unnecessary burdens of guilt. At the very least, in distinguishing actions that issue in...
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