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  1. added 2019-01-17
    Could Slaughterbots Wipe Out Humanity? Assessment of the Global Catastrophic Risk Posed by Autonomous Weapons.Alexey Turchin - manuscript
    Recently criticisms against autonomous weapons were presented in a video in which an AI-powered drone kills a person. However, some said that this video is a distraction from the real risk of AI—the risk of unlimitedly self-improving AI systems. In this article, we analyze arguments from both sides and turn them into conditions. The following conditions are identified as leading to autonomous weapons becoming a global catastrophic risk: 1) Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) development is delayed relative to progress in narrow (...)
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  2. added 2019-01-07
    Offset 2.5.James A. Cook - 2019 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):91-91.
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  3. added 2018-12-31
    Uzasadnienie Sprzeciwu Sumienia: Lekarze, Poborowi I Żołnierze.Tomasz Żuradzki - 2016 - Diametros 47:98-128.
    I will argue that physicians have an ethical obligation to justify their conscientious objection and the most reliable interpretation of the Polish legal framework claims that conscientious objection is permissible only when the justification shows the genuineness of the judgment of conscience that is not based on false beliefs and arises from a moral norm that has a high rank. I will demonstrate that the dogma accepted in the Polish doctrine that the reasons that lie behind conscientious objection in medicine (...)
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  4. added 2018-12-21
    Right Intention: A Reply to Janzen, Purves, and Jenkins.Uwe Steinhoff - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):172-176.
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  5. added 2018-12-20
    Dual Loyalty in Military Medical Ethics: A Moral Dilemma or a Test of Integrity?Peter Olsthoorn - 2018 - Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps 165:00-00.
    When militaries mention loyalty as a value they mean loyalty to colleagues and the organisation. Loyalty to principle, the type of loyalty that has a wider scope, plays hardly a role in the ethics of most armed forces. Where military codes, oaths and values are about the organisation and colleagues, medical ethics is about providing patient care impartially. Being subject to two diverging professional ethics can leave military medical personnel torn between the wish to act loyally towards colleagues, and the (...)
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  6. added 2018-12-19
    Ethical Aspects of Military Maritime and Aerial Autonomous Systems.Linda Johansson - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):140-155.
    ABSTRACTTwo categories of ethical questions surrounding military autonomous systems are discussed in this article. The first category concerns ethical issues regarding the use of military autonomous systems in the air and in the water. These issues are systematized with the Laws of Armed Conflict as a backdrop. The second category concerns whether autonomous systems may affect the ethical interpretation of LOAC. It is argued that some terms in LOAC are vague and can be interpreted differently depending on which ethical normative (...)
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  7. added 2018-12-19
    “The Sort of War They Deserve”? The Ethics of Emerging Air Power and the Debate Over Warbots.Benjamin R. Banta - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):156-171.
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  8. added 2018-12-12
    Clinical Care and Complicity with Torture.Zackary Berger, Leonard Rubenstein & Matt Decamp - 2018 - British Medical Journal 360:k449.
    The UN Convention against Torture defines torture as “any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person” by someone acting in an official capacity for purposes such as obtaining a confession or punishing or intimidating that person.1 It is unethical for healthcare professionals to participate in torture, including any use of medical knowledge or skill to facilitate torture or allow it to continue, or to be present during torture.2-7 Yet medical participation (...)
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  9. added 2018-12-06
    Going Beyond Human Terrain System: Exploring Ethical Dilemmas.Michał Pawiński - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):122-139.
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  10. added 2018-11-30
    Refusing to Kill: Selective Conscientious Objection and Professional Military Duties.Andreas Yiannaros - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):108-121.
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  11. added 2018-11-17
    The Alternatives to War, by James Pattison.Anh Le - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):177-180.
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  12. added 2018-11-17
    The Beekeeper: Rescuing the Stolen Women of Iraq, by Dunya Mikhail.Claudia Hauer - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):181-182.
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  13. added 2018-11-10
    In the Year of Our Lord 1943: Christian Humanism in an Age of Crisis, by Alan Jacobs.James L. Cook - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):183-185.
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  14. added 2018-10-26
    Review of Bruno Coppieters and Nick Fotion, Eds., Moral Constraints on War. [REVIEW]Gerard Elfstrom - 2005 - Journal of Military Ethics 2:168-9.
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  15. added 2018-10-24
    Comparative Victimisation and Victimhood During the Second World War: Claims of Moral Equivalence.Michael Schwartz & Debra R. Comer - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (2-3):92-107.
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  16. added 2018-08-30
    Bringing Military Conduct Out of the Shadow of Law: Towards a Holistic Understanding of Rules of Engagement.Per Marius Frost-Nielsen - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):21-35.
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  17. added 2018-08-30
    An Introduction and Review: The King’s College London Centre for Military Ethics.David Whetham - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):72-78.
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  18. added 2018-08-30
    Albert Einstein. The Roads to Pacifism, by Claudio Giulio Anta.Henrik Syse - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):89-90.
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  19. added 2018-08-30
    Trust, Truth, and Tenacity.Henrik Syse - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):1-1.
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  20. added 2018-08-24
    War Crimes: Causes, Excuses, and Blame.Jessica Wolfendale & Matthew Talbert - 2019 - New York, USA: Oup Usa.
    Why do war crimes occur? Are perpetrators of war crimes always blameworthy? In an original and challenging thesis, this book argues that war crimes are often explained by perpetrators' beliefs, goals, and values, and in these cases perpetrators may be blameworthy even if they sincerely believed that they were doing the right thing.
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  21. added 2018-08-24
    Defining War.Jessica Wolfendale - 2017 - In Michael Gross & Tamar Meisels (eds.), Soft War: The Ethics of Unarmed Conflict. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 16-32.
    In international law and just war theory, war is treated as normatively and legally unique. In the context of international law, war’s special status gives rise to a specific set of belligerent rights and duties, as well as a complex set of laws related to, among other things, the status of civilians, prisoners of war, trade and economic relationships, and humanitarian aid. In particular, belligerents are permitted to derogate from certain human rights obligations and to use lethal force in a (...)
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  22. added 2018-08-10
    The Difficult Case of “Bacha Bazi”.Carlos Bertha - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):79-80.
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  23. added 2018-08-08
    Albert Einstein. The Roads to Pacifism.Henrik Syse - forthcoming - Journal of Military Ethics:1-2.
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  24. added 2018-08-08
    Comment on the Bacha Bazi Case.Cornelia Vikan - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):81-83.
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  25. added 2018-06-25
    Lethal Military Robots: Who is Responsible When Things Go Wrong?Peter Olsthoorn - 2018 - In Rocci Luppicini (ed.), The Changing Scope of Technoethics in Contemporary Society. Hershey, PA, USA: pp. 106-123.
    Although most unmanned systems that militaries use today are still unarmed and predominantly used for surveillance, it is especially the proliferation of armed military robots that raises some serious ethical questions. One of the most pressing concerns the moral responsibility in case a military robot uses violence in a way that would normally qualify as a war crime. In this chapter, the authors critically assess the chain of responsibility with respect to the deployment of both semi-autonomous and (learning) autonomous lethal (...)
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  26. added 2018-06-15
    “Trust but Verify”: The Difficulty of Trusting Autonomous Weapons Systems.Heather M. Roff & David Danks - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):2-20.
    ABSTRACTAutonomous weapons systems pose many challenges in complex battlefield environments. Previous discussions of them have largely focused on technological or policy issues. In contrast, we focus here on the challenge of trust in an AWS. One type of human trust depends only on judgments about the predictability or reliability of the trustee, and so are suitable for all manner of artifacts. However, AWSs that are worthy of the descriptor “autonomous” will not exhibit the required strong predictability in the complex, changing (...)
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  27. added 2018-06-15
    Moral Aspects of “Moral Injury”: Analyzing Conceptualizations on the Role of Morality in Military Trauma.Tine Molendijk, Eric-Hans Kramer & Désirée Verweij - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):36-53.
    ABSTRACTIn clinical circles, the concept of “moral injury” has rapidly gained traction. Yet, from a moral philosophical point of view the concept is less clear than is suggested. That is, in current conceptualizations of moral injury, trauma’s moral dimension seems to be understood in a rather mechanistic and individualized manner. This article makes a start in developing an adequately founded conceptualization of the role of morality in deployment-related distress. It does so by reviewing and synthesizing insights from different disciplines into (...)
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  28. added 2018-06-13
    The Future of War: The Ethical Potential of Leaving War to Lethal Autonomous Weapons.Steven Umbrello, Phil Torres & Angelo F. De Bellis - manuscript
    Lethal Autonomous Weapons (LAWs) are robotic weapons systems, primarily of value to the military, that could engage in offensive or defensive actions without human intervention. This paper assesses and engages the current arguments for and against the use of LAWs through the lens of achieving more ethical warfare. Specific interest is given particularly to ethical LAWs, which are artificially intelligent weapons systems that make decisions within the bounds of their ethics-based code. To ensure that a wide, but not exhaustive, survey (...)
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  29. added 2018-06-12
    Killing Your Own: Confronting Desertion and Cowardice in the British Army During the Two World Wars.Stephen Deakin - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):54-71.
    ABSTRACTMilitary units can become to some extent self-governing in war-time battle. At times, they may take the discipline of their soldiers into their own hands and such discipline may be severe. This paper examines incidents in the British military, in both World Wars, where British soldiers were killed by their comrades because they would not fight in the heat of battle. The judicial execution by the military authorities of deserters in the First World War led to much controversy in Britain. (...)
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  30. added 2018-06-12
    Routledge Handbook of Military Ethics, Edited by George Lucas.Edward Erwin - 2018 - Journal of Military Ethics 17 (1):84-88.
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  31. added 2018-06-01
    How Should One Live? An Introduction to Ethics and Moral Reasoning.Bradley Thames - 2018 - San Diego, CA, USA: Bridgepoint Education.
    This book provides an entry-level introduction to philosophical ethics, theories of moral reasoning, and selected issues in applied ethics. Chapter 1 describes the importance of philosophical approaches to ethical issues, the general dialectical form of moral reasoning, and the broad landscape of moral philosophy. Chapter 2 presents egoism and relativism as challenges to the presumed objectivity and unconditionality of morality. Chapters 3, 4 and 5 discuss utilitarianism, deontology, and virtue ethics, respectively. Each chapter begins with a general overview of the (...)
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  32. added 2018-05-28
    Il buon soldato e l’agente virtuoso: Hume e la military glory.Lorenzo Greco - 2014 - In Maurizio Balistreri, Maurizio Benato & Maurizio Mori (eds.), Etica medica nella vita militare: per iniziare una riflessione, vol. 1. Value – Ananke. pp. 107-115.
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  33. added 2018-03-27
    The Importance of Norms.Henrik Syse - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):144-144.
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  34. added 2018-03-27
    Passing the Torch.Martin L. Cook - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):143-143.
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  35. added 2018-03-27
    Modern Sikh Warriors: Militants, Soldiers, Citizens.Walter Dorn & Stephen Gucciardi - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):272-285.
    ABSTRACTCentral to the mainstream Sikh identity is the concept of ethically-justified force, used as a last resort. There is no place for absolute pacifism in this conception of ethical living. Fighters and martyrs occupy an important place in the Khalsa narrative, and Sikhs are constantly reminded of the sacrifices and heroism of their co-religionists of the past. This article explores how the Sikh warrior identity is manifested in the contemporary world. It examines the Sikhs who, in the 1980s and 1990s, (...)
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  36. added 2018-03-20
    Responsibility in Complex Conflicts: An Afghan Case.Cornelia Vikan - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):239-255.
    ABSTRACTThis paper discusses soldiers’ moral responsibility in today’s complex conflicts. The point of departure is the increased focus on soldiers as moral decision-makers in war, illustrated by the introduction of core values in the Norwegian Armed Forces. Responsibility is one of these core values, but it is not clear exactly how we should understand responsibility. I use a case where a group of Norwegian soldiers in the International Security Assistance Force sought the cooperation of a group of mujahedeen to solve (...)
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  37. added 2018-03-20
    Remotely Piloted Aircraft, Risk, and Killing as Sacrifice: The Cost of Remote Warfare.Joseph O. Chapa - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):256-271.
    ABSTRACTIn this paper I argue that a remotely piloted aircraft pilot’s act of killing remotely, when it is done in the defense of another person, can be viewed as an act of sacrifice. This argument concludes from two premises. First, the RPA pilot faces psychological risk to self by carrying out such an action; second, the RPA pilot is motivated to some significant degree by something other than self-interest. Moreover, I challenge both the view that RPA represent merely an incremental (...)
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  38. added 2018-02-26
    Thomas Aquinas on War and Peace, by Gregory M. Reichberg.Reed Bonadonna - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):288-290.
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  39. added 2018-02-23
    The Ethics of Border Guarding: A First Exploration and a Research Agenda for the Future.Peter Olsthoorn - 2018 - Ethics and Education 13 (2):157-171.
    Although the notion of universal human rights allows for the idea that states (and supranational organizations such as the European Union) can, or even should, control and impose restrictions on migration, both notions clearly do not sit well together. The ensuing tension manifests itself in our ambivalent attitude towards migration, but also affects the border guards who have to implement national and supranational policies on migration. Little has been written on the ethics that has to guide these border guards in (...)
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  40. added 2018-02-23
    The Internationalists: How a Radical Plan to Outlaw War Re-Made the World, by Oona A. Hathaway and Scott J. Shapiro.Martin L. Cook - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):286-287.
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  41. added 2018-02-23
    Sergio Boffa, Warfare in Medieval Brabant, 1356–1406. (Warfare in History.) Wood-Bridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2004. Pp. Xix, 289; 1 Black-and-White Figure, Tables, and 8 Maps. $85. [REVIEW]Clifford J. Rogers - 2006 - Speculum 81 (1):150-151.
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  42. added 2018-02-17
    Ethics, Killing and War.Richard Norman - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    Can war ever be justified? Why is it wrong to kill? In this new book Richard Norman looks at these and other related questions, and thereby examines the possibility and nature of rational moral argument. Practical examples, such as the Gulf War and the Falklands War, are used to show that, whilst moral philosophy can offer no easy answers, it is a worthwhile enterprise which sheds light on many pressing contemporary problems. A combination of lucid exposition and original argument makes (...)
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  43. added 2018-02-17
    Of Obedience and Disobedience.Ibanga B. Ikpe - 2002 - Professional Ethics, a Multidisciplinary Journal 10 (2):123-142.
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  44. added 2018-02-16
    The Ethics of War and Peace: An Introduction.Helen Frowe - 2011 - Routledge.
    The Ethics of War and Peace is a lively introduction to one of the oldest but still most relevant ethical debates. Focusing on the philosophical questions surrounding the ethics of modern war, Helen Frowe presents contemporary just war theory in a stimulating and accessible way. This 2nd edition includes new material on weapons and technology, and humanitarian intervention, in addition to: theories of self-defence and national defence jus ad bellum, jus in bello and jus post bellum the moral status of (...)
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  45. added 2018-02-04
    Risk, War, and the Dangers of Soldier Identity.Michael Robillard - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):205-219.
    ABSTRACTThe profession of arms is distinct from other professions for many reasons. One reason which is not so obvious is that, unlike members of other professions, soldiers may go their entire careers preparing for a day that never arrives. All things considered, we should think this to be a very good thing. For soldiers, however, this can feel somewhat odd, since there is a natural desire to want to feel useful and to see one’s role and purpose find realization. Accordingly, (...)
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  46. added 2018-01-30
    America’s Prescient Dissenters: Senator J. William Fulbright and Dr. Andrew J. Bacevich’s Principled Dissent of US Policy in Vietnam and Iraq and Their Enduring Perspectives. [REVIEW]Douglas A. Levien Iii - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):173-190.
    ABSTRACTDuring the Cold War, the spread and fear of communism furnished the overarching ideological rationale for American foreign policy and for the deployment of United States military forces and resources. Subscribing to the domino theory and its potential impact on Southeast Asia, the Johnson Administration committed the United States to the Vietnam War. Following the September 11, 2001 attacks on the United States, and the commencement of the Global War on Terrorism, Washington once again set a national agenda rooted in (...)
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  47. added 2018-01-21
    Jacques Maritain: Christian Theorist of Non-Violence and Just War.Gregory M. Reichberg - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):220-238.
    Jacques Maritain is widely recognized as one of the foremost Catholic philosophers of modern times. He wrote groundbreaking works in all branches of philosophy. For a period of about 10 years, beginning in 1933, he discussed matters relating to war and ethics. Writing initially about Gandhi, whose strategy of non-violence he sought to incorporate within a Christian conception of political action, Maritain proceeded to comment more specifically on the religious aspects of armed force in “On Holy War,” an essay about (...)
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  48. added 2018-01-07
    A Typology of War Ethics.Davis Brown - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):145-156.
    Interdisciplinary communication on war is impeded by doctrinal gaps concerning its morality, immorality, and amorality. Much is written on ad bellum ethical standards for military force by states, mainly in the fields of international politics and religious studies. However, a necessary first step in comparing these different approaches to war ethics with each other is to develop a system for classifying them. The classification system offered in this paper places war ethics on a grid with two scales. One axis of (...)
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  49. added 2018-01-07
    Teaching Professional Ethos.Kjetil Enstad - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):191-204.
    This article investigates the communication of professional ethos, the ethical standards of a profession in training, from passing on ideas of patients’ welfare in medical schools to communicating values in military academies. The article examines this through a consideration of the consequences of Wittgenstein’s discussions on the nature of language: how words and sentences acquire meaning. Wittgenstein’s rule-following paradox, the paradox that any act can be brought into correspondence with a rule and thereby that any “meaning” might be applicable to (...)
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  50. added 2018-01-07
    Military Ethics and the Situationist Critique.Nathan L. Cartagena - 2017 - Journal of Military Ethics 16 (3-4):157-172.
    Many contributors to military ethics from diverse locations and philosophical perspectives maintain that virtues are central to martial theory and practice. Yet several contemporary philosophers and psychologists have recently challenged the empirical adequacy of this perspective. Their challenge is known as the situationist critique, a version of which asserts that: situational features rather than character traits such as virtues cause and explain human behavior, and ethical theories and development programs are empirically inadequate to the extent that they incorporate virtues. In (...)
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