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  1. David Gauthiers kontraktualistische Moralbegründung.Vuko Andrić - 2010 - Aufklärung Und Kritik 33:80-104.
    This paper offers a critique of David Gauthier’s contractarian moral theory. I point out morally counter-intuitive implications of Gauthier’s theory – for example, with respect to societies with slavery or concerning the protection of animals – as well as theoretically unattractive features, such as the overly optimistic assumption of translucent agents. However, contractarian moral theories can be improved by correcting the theoretically unattractive features. Moreover, though some morally counter-intuitive implications cannot be avoided, whether we should accept these implications ultimately depends (...)
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  2. Eine Kritik an Norbert Hoersters Theorie der Normenvertretung.Vuko Andrić - 2010 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 64 (1):62-83.
    Norbert Hoerster has tried to show on the basis of what I call special and general interests that it is rational to endorse moral judgements. I argue that Hoerster’s attempt to vindicate the rationality of moral judgements fails. By appealing to special interests Hoerster can only establish the rationality of endorsing judgements that – by Hoerster’s own standards – are not moral judgements because they do not pass the test of generalization. While the appeal to general interests, on the other (...)
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  3. Epicurean Justice.John Armstrong - 1997 - Phronesis 42 (3):324-334.
    Epicurus is one of the first social contract theorists, holding that justice is an agreement neither to harm nor be harmed. He also says that living justly is necessary and sufficient for living pleasantly, which is the Epicurean goal. Some say that there are two accounts of justice in Epicurus -- one as a personal virtue, the other as a virtue of institutions. I argue that the personal virtue derives from compliance with just social institutions, and so we need to (...)
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  4. Access to Essential Medicines: A Hobbesian Social Contract Approach.Richard E. Ashcroft - 2005 - Developing World Bioethics 5 (2):121–141.
    ABSTRACTMedicines that are vital for the saving and preserving of life in conditions of public health emergency or endemic serious disease are known as essential medicines. In many developing world settings such medicines may be unavailable, or unaffordably expensive for the majority of those in need of them. Furthermore, for many serious diseases these essential medicines are protected by patents that permit the patent‐holder to operate a monopoly on their manufacture and supply, and to price these medicines well above marginal (...)
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  5. Review: Models and Reality-A Review of Brian Skyrms's Evolution of the Social Contract. [REVIEW]Martin Barrett, Ellery Eells, Branden Fitelson & Elliott Sober - 1999 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (1):237 - 241.
    Human beings are peculiar. In laboratory experiments, they often cooperate in one-shot prisoners’ dilemmas, they frequently offer 1/2 and reject low offers in the ultimatum game, and they often bid 1/2 in the game of divide-the-cake All these behaviors are puzzling from the point of view of game theory. The first two are irrational, if utility is measured in a certain way.1 The last isn’t positively irrational, but it is no more rational than other possible actions, since there are infinitely (...)
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  6. Social Contract.Lawrence C. Becker - 1992 - In Lawrence C. Becker & Charlotte B. Becker (eds.), The Encyclopedia of Ethics. Garland Publishing. pp. 2--1170.
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  7. Contractualism and Animals.Mark Bernstein - 1997 - Philosophical Studies 86 (1):49-72.
  8. The Limits of Hobbesean Contractarianism.Martin A. Bertman - 1997 - International Studies in Philosophy 29 (2):133-134.
  9. Game Theory and the Social Contract.K. G. Binmore - 1994
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  10. Reciprocity and the Social Contract.Ken Binmore - 2004 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 3 (1):5-35.
    This article is extracted from a forthcoming book, ‘Natural Justice’. It is a nontechnical introduction to the part of game theory immediately relevant to social contract theory. The latter part of the article reviews how concepts such as trust, responsibility, and authority can be seen as emergent phenomena in models that take formal account only of equilibria in indefinitely repeated games. Key Words: game theory • equilibrium • evolutionary stability • reciprocity • folk theorem • trust • altruism • responsibility (...)
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  11. Game Theory and the Social Contract, Vol. II: Just Playing.Ken Binmore - 2001 - Mind 110 (437):168-171.
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  12. Evolution of the Social Contract, Brian Skyrms. [REVIEW]Ken Binmore - 1997 - Economics and Philosophy 13 (2):352-354.
  13. Nicholas Southwood: Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality.Michele Bocchiola - 2015 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 18 (4):873-875.
    In the contemporary philosophical debate, there are two opposing contractualist views. On the one side, Hobbesian contractualisms take moral principles as side-constraints to redress the failures of the interaction among self-interested individuals. On the other, Kantian versions of the social contract ground morality on an impartial and moralized viewpoint. In his recent Contractualism and the Foundations of Morality, Nicholas Southwood proposes a third and novel form of contractualism, with the aim to overcome the “implausibly personal and partial characterization of the (...)
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  14. David Gauthier and Robert Sugden, Eds., Rationality, Justice and the Social Contract: Themes From 'Morals by Agreement', London, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1993, Pp. Xii + 201.David Boucher - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (2):317.
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  15. Social Contract Theory's Fanciest Flight.David Braybrooke - 1987 - Ethics 97 (4):750-764.
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  16. The Insoluble Problem of the Social Contract.David Braybrooke - 1976 - Dialogue 15 (1):3-37.
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  17. Contractarianism in Ethics: Actual Contracts Vs. Hypothetical Contracts.Ronald J. Broach - 1998 - Social Philosophy Today 13:331-347.
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  18. Contractarianism in Ethics.Ronald J. Broach - 1998 - Social Philosophy Today 13:331-347.
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  19. Diversity, Tolerance, and the Social Contract.Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 14 (4):429-448.
  20. The Gauthier Enterprise.James M. Buchanan - 1988 - Social Philosophy and Policy 5 (2):75.
    I take it as my assignment to criticize the Gauthier enterprise. At the outset, however, I should express my general agreement with David Gauthier's normative vision of a liberal social order, including the place that individual principles of morality hold in such an order. Whether the enterprise is, ultimately, judged to have succeeded or to have failed depends on the standards applied. Considered as a coherent grounding of such a social order in the rational choice behavior of persons, the enterprise (...)
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  21. Rationality is Not Fair.Michael Byron - 1995 - Analysis 55 (4):252-260.
    Gauthier argues in Morals by Agreement that morality is derivable from rationality. A crucial premise is that rational bargaining is procedurally fair. Gauthier defends this claim by trying to show that his principle of rational bargaining determines a fair distribution of the overall return from cooperation, including the cooperative surplus. He supports this point in part by the argument from agreement: since (1) procedurally fair principles proportion return to contribution, and since (2) every bargainer has the power to agree in (...)
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  22. Review: Gauthier's Theory of Morals by Agreement. [REVIEW]Richmond Campbell - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (152):343 - 364.
  23. Sage Kings & the State of Nature: Comparative Preconditions and the Social Contract.Jon D. Carlson - unknown
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  24. Neutrality and the Social Contract.Ian J. Carroll - 2009 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 4 (2):134-150.
    Given the fact of moral disagreement, theories of state neutrality which rely on moral premises will have limited application, in that they will fail to motivate anyone who rejects the moral premises on which they are based. By contrast, contractarian theories can be consistent with moral scepticism, and can therefore avoid this limitation. In this paper, I construct a contractarian model which I claim is sceptically consistent and includes a principle of state neutrality as a necessary condition. The principle of (...)
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  25. Contractarianism, Other-Regarding Attitudes, and the Moral Standing of Nonhuman Animals.Andrew I. Cohen - 2007 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):188–201.
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  26. Peter Vallentyne, Ed., Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's Morals by Agreement Reviewed By.Ann E. Cudd - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (4):299-301.
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  27. Agreement in Social Contract Theories.Simon Cushing - 1998 - Social Philosophy Today 13:349-371.
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  28. Contemporary Approaches to the Social Contract.Fred D'Agostino, John Thrasher & Gerald Gaus - 2011 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  29. The Contract Game.Osten Dahl - 1981 - In Jeroen Groenendijk (ed.), Formal Methods in the Study of Language. U of Amsterdam. pp. 79--86.
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  30. Evolution of the Social Contract.Peter Danielson - 1998 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 28 (4):627-652.
  31. The Second-Person Standpoint: Morality, Respect, and Accountability.Stephen L. Darwall - 2006 - Harvard University Press.
    The result is nothing less than a fundamental reorientation of moral theory that enables it at last to account for morality's supreme authority--an account that ...
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  32. Contractarianism, Contractualism.Stephen L. Darwall (ed.) - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Contractualism/Contractarianism collects, for the first time, both major classical sources and central contemporary discussions of these important approaches to philosophical ethics. Edited and introduced by Stephen Darwall, these readings are essential for anyone interested in normative ethics.
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  33. The Problem of Evil, the Social Contract, and the History of Ethics.Peter de Marneffe - 2001 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 82 (1):11–25.
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  34. The Social Contract: A Critical Study of Its Development. By J. W. Gough. (Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, London: Humphrey Milford. 1936. Pp. Viii + 234. Price 12s. 6d. Net.). [REVIEW]O. de Selincourt - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (47):362-.
  35. The Problems of Preference Based Morality: A Critique of "Morals by Agreement".Joseph P. DeMarco - 1989 - Journal of Social Philosophy 20 (3):77-91.
  36. Fact, Fiction, and the Social Contract.Thomas Donaldson - 1986 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 5 (1):40-46.
  37. On Playing Fair: Professor Binmore on Game Theory and the Social Contract.Mohammed Dore - 1997 - Theory and Decision 43 (3):219-239.
    This paper critically reviews Ken Binmore’s non- utilitarian and game theoretic solution to the Arrow problem. Binmore’s solution belongs to the same family as Rawls’ maximin criterion and requires the use of Nash bargaining theory, empathetic preferences, and results in evolutionary game theory. Harsanyi has earlier presented a solution that relies on utilitarianism, which requires some exogenous valuation criterion and is therefore incompatible with liberalism. Binmore’s rigorous demonstration of the maximin principle for the first time presents a real alternative to (...)
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  38. Explaining the Social Contract.Zachary Ernst - 2001 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (1):1-24.
    Brian Skyrms has argued that the evolution of the social contract may be explained using the tools of evolutionary game theory. I show in the first half of this paper that the evolutionary game-theoretic models are often highly sensitive to the specific processes that they are intended to simulate. This sensitivity represents an important robustness failure that complicates Skyrms's project. But I go on to make the positive proposal that we may none the less obtain robust results by simulating the (...)
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  39. Contractarianism and the Scope of Justice.Andreas Esheté - 1974 - Ethics 85 (1):38-49.
  40. Bargaining and Agreement in Gauthier's Moral Contractarianism.Edwin Etieyibo - 2013 - South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):221-233.
    Bargaining and distribution of benefits accruing from social cooperation are central topics in contractarian accounts of morality or distributive justice in general and David Gauthier’s Morals by Agreement in particular. In this paper, I raise some problems for MbA both with regards to bargaining over the benefits of social cooperation and the distribution of such benefits. The worries I raise piggyback on a couple of Jan Narveson’s earlier queries of some of the topics in MbA: those of ‘questionable foundation’ and (...)
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  41. Book Review:Contractarianism and Rational Choice: Essays on David Gauthier's "Morals by Agreement." Peter Vallentyne. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Farrell - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):385-.
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  42. Symposium Papers, Comments and an Abstract: Comments on "Hobbes' Social Contract".Daniel M. Farrell - 1988 - Noûs 22 (1):83-84.
  43. Taming Leviathan: Reflections on Some Recent Work on Hobbes:Hobbes and the Social Contract Tradition. Jean Hampton; Hobbesian Moral and Political Theory. Gregory S. Kavka. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Farrell - 1988 - Ethics 98 (4):793-.
  44. Modelli Evoluzionistici Del Contratto Sociale.Roberto Festa - 1999 - Etica E Politica 1 (1).
    In a recent book on The Evolution of Social Contract, Brian Skyrms shows how evolutionary game theory can be used to explain how the implicit social contract we live by might have evolved. In this paper, after describing the main lines of Skyrms’s approach, we will examine some problems arising from it, on the basis of a comparison with von Hayek’s evolutionary view. Finally, we will make some remarks on the possible relevance of the outcomes achieved by Skyrms for the (...)
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  45. Symposia Papers: Towards a New Social Contract.James S. Fishkin - 1990 - Noûs 24 (2):217-226.
  46. Evolution of the Social Contract By Skyrms Brian Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, Xiii + 146pp. [REVIEW]Antony Flew - 1997 - Philosophy 72 (282):604-.
  47. Social Contract Theory Should Be Abandoned.Danny Frederick - 2013 - Rationality, Markets and Morals 4:178-89.
    I argue that social-contract theory cannot succeed because reasonable people may always disagree, and that social-contract theory is irrelevant to the problem of the legitimacy of a form of government or of a system of moral rules. I note the weakness of the appeal to implicit agreement, the conflation of legitimacy with stability, the undesirability of “public justification” and the apparent blindness to the evolutionary critical-rationalist approach of Hayek and Popper. I employ that approach to sketch answers to the theoretical, (...)
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  48. Gauthier, Translucency, and Trust.Celeste M. Friend - 1999 - Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (1):107-113.
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  49. Justification, Choice and Promise: Three Devices of the Consent Tradition in a Diverse Society.Gerald Gaus - 2012 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 15 (2):109-127.
    The twin ideas at the heart of the social contract tradition are that persons are naturally free and equal, and that genuine political obligations must in some way be based on the consent of those obligated. The Lockean tradition has held that consent must be in the form of explicit choice; Kantian contractualism has insisted on consent as rational endorsement. In this paper I seek to bring the Kantian and Lockean contract traditions together. Kantian rational justification and actual choice are (...)
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  50. Trust Within Reason.David Gauthier - 2001 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (2):487-490.
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