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Moral Psychology

Edited by Joshua May (University of Alabama, Birmingham)
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Summary Moral psychology is the study of phenomena such as moral thought, feeling, reasoning, and motivation. For example, in moral psychology, one wonders what role reasoning and emotions play in generating moral judgment. Similarly, one asks whether moral motivation has its source in reason or rather sentiments or desire. Other key issues include: the tight connection between moral judgment and motivation, altruism versus egoism, character, and even the evolution of moral capacities.  The topics reveal the partly empirical nature of the field, which makes it of necessity interdisciplinary, even though one can pursue many interesting issue from the armchair. Many of these philosophical problems have ramifications in others areas, especially metaethics. If, for example, moral judgment is grounded in sentiment, then this may support a non-cognitivists theory, which threatens moral realism.
Key works Issues in moral psychology have been dominant in the history of philosophy. Nadelhoffer et al 2010 provide a collection of key historical as well as contemporary readings. Focusing on more recent work, Smith's 1994 book has been highly influential in the literature, from moral judgment to motivation. Compare also Nagel 1970 and Korsgaard 1996. On the empirical side, Sinnott-Armstrong 2008 provides a comprehensive state of the art with three volumes full of new articles and replies from prominent philosophers and scientists. 
Introductions A brief introduction to some topics in moral psychology is in Slote 1998. Rosati's (2006) entry on moral motivation provides an introduction to one cluster of key issues in moral psychology. For a way into the empirical work, see Doris & Stich 2008, May 2017, and Michael 2012.
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Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Moral Psychology
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  2. P. D. M. A. (1962). Reason and Morals. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 15 (4):681-681.
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  3. R. A. (1955). Ethics. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 9 (2):364-364.
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  4. R. A. A. (1958). New Foundations for Ethical Theory, Part I. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 11 (4):693-693.
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  5. S. C. A. (1978). The Open Texture of Moral Concepts. [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):352-353.
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  6. S. C. A. (1978). Reason and Morality. Review of Metaphysics 32 (2):356-359.
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  7. E. M. Adams (1964). Classical Moral Philosophy and Metaethics. Ethics 74 (2):97-110.
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  8. William A. Adams (2001). The Motivational Context. In P. Bouquet V. Akman (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 409--412.
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  9. Henry David Aiken (1953). The Spectrum of Value Predications. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 14 (1):97-104.
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  10. Mark Alfano (2011). Revivals of Non-Cognitivism. Philosophical Forum 42 (3):330-331.
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  11. Edwin B. Allaire, Peter Carruthers, B. Allaire, John Charvet, Terry Pinkard, Gerald A. Cohen, Stephen Darwall, Herbert A. Davidson, William Demopoulos & Fred Dretske (1997). BAIER, KURT, The Rational and the Moral Order: The Social Roots of Reason and Morality, Reviewed by Sarah Stroud.. 577. Philosophical Review 106 (4).
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  12. Dudley Andrew (1989). Cognitivism: Quests and Questions. Iris 9:1-10.
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  14. Ryoko Asai (2016). Between Insanity and Love. Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 45 (3):154-158.
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  15. Akilesh Ayyar (2014). To Express It Is To Explain It. Philosophy Now 100:16-19.
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  16. A. M. B. (1973). Moral Problems in Contemporary Society, Essays in Humanistic Ethics. Review of Metaphysics 27 (2):399-399.
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  17. J. A. B. (1960). Ethics. Review of Metaphysics 14 (2):362-362.
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  18. Phil Badger (2014). The Righteous Mind by Jonathan Haidt. [REVIEW] Philosophy Now 101:40-41.
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  19. A. K. Bagchi (1979). The Great Depression and the Third World with Special Reference to India. Social Science Information 18 (2):197-218.
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  20. Desmond Bailey (1993). The Thirst for Annihilation. [REVIEW] Radical Philosophy 65.
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  21. Lynne Rudder Baker (2004). On Being One's Own Person. In M. Sie, Marc Slors & B. van den Brink (eds.), Reasons of One's Own. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing.
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  22. Albert Bandura (1991). Social Cognitive Theory of Moral Thought and Action. In William M. Kurtines & Jacob L. Gewirtz (eds.), Handbook of Moral Behavior and Development. L. Erlbaum. pp. 1--45.
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  23. Tirthanath Bandyopadhyay (2003). Moral Motivation : A Perspective. In Krishna Roy & Kalyan Sen Gupta (eds.), Theory and Practice: A Collection of Essays. Centre of Advanced Study in Philosophy, Jadavpur University in Collaboration with Allied Publishers, New Delhi.
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  24. J. Barnouw (1979). Lectures on Psychological and Political Ethics. Review of Metaphysics 32 (4):745-746.
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  25. Marcia Baron (1983). On de-Kantianizing the Perfectly Moral Person. Journal of Value Inquiry 17 (4):281-293.
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  26. S. Baron-Cohen (forthcoming). Mindblindness. An Essay on Autism and Theory of Mind, Cambridge, Mass, MITPTCSS, Tradiit. Dautismo E la Lettura Della Mente, Roma. Astrolabio: Revista Internacional de Filosofía.
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  27. Simon Baron-Cohen (2011). Autism, Empathizing-Systemizing (Es) Theory, and Pathological Altruism. In Barbara Oakley, Ariel Knafo, Guruprasad Madhavan & David Sloan Wilson (eds.), Pathological Altruism. Oxford University Press. pp. 345.
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  28. Simon Baron-Cohen (1995). Mindblindness an Essay on Autism and "Theory of Mind".
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  29. Daniel M. Bartels & David A. Pizarro (2011). The Mismeasure of Morals: Antisocial Personality Traits Predict Utilitarian Responses to Moral Dilemmas. Cognition 121 (1):154-161.
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  30. David Bate (2002). Bungled Memories. Angelaki 7 (1):69 – 71.
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  31. Avner Baz (2016). Motivational Indeterminacy. European Journal of Philosophy 24 (3).
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  32. Samuel J. Beck (1953). The Science of Personality: Nomothetic or Idiographic? Psychological Review 60 (6):353-359.
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  33. Macalester Bell (2005). A Woman's Scorn: Toward a Feminist Defense of Contempt as a Moral Emotion. Hypatia 20 (4):80-93.
  34. Macalester Bell (2000). A Woman's Scorn: Toward a Feminist Defense of Contempt as a Moral Emotion. Hypatia 20 (4):80-93.
  35. Daryl Bem, On the Uncommon Wisdom of Our Lay Personality Theory: A Book Review Essay on Ross & Nisbett, the Person and the Situation: Perspectives of Social Psychology. [REVIEW]
    In The Person and the Situation , Ross and Nisbett seek to answer the question "What have we really learned from social psychology?" They offer their book as a "throwback to a golden age, a tribute to our intellectual forebears and as a 'stand tall and be proud' pep talk for our colleagues (p. xv)." They succeed splendidly on all these counts.
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  36. M. J. Benardete (1939). The Life and Personality of Unamuno I. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 20 (1):29.
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  37. M. J. Benardete (1939). The Life and Personality of Unamuno II. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 20 (2):165.
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  38. Miguel Benasayag (2006). Connaître Est Agir: Paysages Et Situations. La Découverte.
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  39. D. Benatar (2002). Death and Compassion (Book). South African Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):83-84.
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  40. Steven Berg (2011). Homage to Americans. Review of Metaphysics 65 (1):143-147.
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  41. André Berten (1999). Bernard Williams, La Honte Et la Nécessité. Traduction de l'Anglais Par Jean Lelaidier. Revue Philosophique De Louvain 97 (3-4):692-695.
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  42. Lorraine Besser-Jones (2003). Making Sense of the Sense of Duty: A Humean Theory of Moral Motivation. Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Utilitarian and deontological moral theories are often accused of failing to develop a convincing account of an agent's moral psychology, and so failing to provide an adequate theory of moral motivation that sustains their conception of morality as involving generally overriding moral duties. As a result of this apparent conflict between an agent's psychology and the demands of morality, many suggest making dramatic revisions to our conception of morality. I argue here that a more promising response is to examine where (...)
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  43. Review by: Riana Betzler (2015). Review: Hagop Sarkissian and Jennifer Cole Wright, Eds., Advances in Experimental Moral Psychology. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (2):531-536.
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  44. Riana Betzler (2016). Sarkissian, Hagop, and Wright, Jennifer Cole, Eds.Advances in Experimental Moral Psychology. London: Bloomsbury, 2014. Pp. 256. $112.00. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (2):531-536.
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  45. Riana Betzler (2015). Review: Hagop Sarkissian and Jennifer Cole Wright, Eds., Advances in Experimental Moral Psychology. [REVIEW] Ethics 126 (2):531-536.
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  46. Michael H. Birnbaum (1972). Morality Judgments: Tests of an Averaging Model. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (1):35.
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  47. Lawrence Blum (1994). Moral Development and Conceptions of Morality. In Moral Perception and Particularity. Cambridge University Press.
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  49. Bernardo Bolaños (2011). El Contenido Moral de Las Decisiones Judiciales. In Granja Castro, Dulce María & Teresa Santiago (eds.), Moral y Derecho: Doce Ensayos Filosóficos. Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana.
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  50. John Bolender (2004). Two Accounts of Moral Diversity: The Cognitive Science of Pluralism and Absolutism. [Journal (on-Line/Unpaginated)] 3.
    Advances in cognitive science are relevant to the debate between moral pluralism and absolutism. Parametric structure, which plausibly underlies syntax, gives some idea of how pluralism might be true. The cognitive mechanisms underlying mathematical intelligence give some idea of how far absolutism is right. Advances in cognitive science should help us better understand the extent to which we are divided and how far we are potentially harmonious in our values.
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