Moral Value

Edited by Francesco Orsi (University of Tartu)
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  1. G.E. Moore and the Principle of Organic Unity.Julie Allen - 2003 - Journal of Value Inquiry 37 (3):329-339.
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  2. Intrinsic Value, Inherent Value, and Experience: A Reply to Stephen Barker Robert Audi.Robert Audi - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (3):323-327.
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  3. Comments: The Experiential Thesis: Audi on Intrinsic Value.Stephen Barker - 2003 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 41 (Supplement):57-61.
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  4. Idealization and the Wrong Kind of Reasons.John Brunero - 2015 - Ethics 126 (1):153-161.
    I consider Antti Kauppinen’s recent proposal for solving the wrong kind of reasons problem for fitting attitude analyses through an appeal to the verdicts of ideal subjects. I present two problems for Kauppinen’s treatment of a foreseen objection, and construct a counterexample to his proposal as it applies to the wrong kind of reasons to admire someone. I then show how to construct similar counterexamples to his proposal as it applies to the wrong kind of reasons for other attitudes, including (...)
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  5. Saying and Showing the Good.Panayot Butchvarov - 2003 - In Heather Dyke (ed.), Time and Ethics: Essays at the Intersection. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 137--158.
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  6. The Hartman Value Structure: The Possibilities of a Theologic. [REVIEW]Charles Stephen Byrum - 1976 - Journal of Value Inquiry 10 (1):18-29.
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  7. Attitudes, valeurs et environnement : Introduction.Antoine C. Dussault - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (2):50-56.
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  8. Absolute Goodness: In Defence of the Useless and Immoral.Michael Campbell - 2015 - Journal of Value Inquiry 49 (1-2):95-112.
    IntroductionKraut defines absolute goodness as follows: for something to be absolutely good is for its goodness to be unrelated to the needs or interests of any individual.See Richard Kraut, Against Absolute Goodness , pp. 4ff. Let’s allow goodness to apply broadly to objects, states of affairs and events . Treat x as a variable ranging over these categories. Then, to say that x is absolutely good in this sense is to say that a world containing x is better than a (...)
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  9. A Note on Moore's Organic Unities.Erik Carlson - 1997 - Journal of Value Inquiry 31 (1):55-59.
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  10. Amoris laetitia, à la lumière de la clarté.Tristan Casabianca - manuscript
    L’exhortation apostolique Amoris laetitia contient de nombreuses ambiguïtés, notamment concernant l’accès à la communion des divorcés civilement remariés, dont elle refuse de trancher explicitement la question à la lumière de la doctrine de l’Eglise Catholique. Ce manque de clarté est préjudiciable. Il est susceptible d’être utilisé à l’encontre du Magistère. Il est également révélateur d’une approche philosophique occidentale marquée par l’individualisme et le relativisme. Or cette approche est de plus en plus contestée par l’actuelle « révolution conservatrice ».
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  11. Organic Unities.R. M. Chisholm - 2005 - In Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen & Michael J. Zimmerman (eds.), Recent Work on Intrinsic Value. Springer. pp. 305--318.
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  12. Retribution and Organic Unities.Michael Clark - 2006 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 3 (3):351-358.
    Moore argued that his principle of organic unities, according to which the value of a whole is to be distinguished from the value of the sum of its parts, is consistent with a retributivist view of punishment: both crime and punishment are intrinsic evils but the combination of the crime with the punishment of its perpetrator is less bad in itself than the crime unpunished. Moore’s principle excludes any form of retributivism that regards the punishment of a guilty person as (...)
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  13. Value Conflict in a Skinnerian Analysis.Richard Garrett - 1979 - Behaviorism 7 (1):9-16.
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  14. Jakob Leupold’s Imaginary Automatic Anamorphic Devices of 1713.Bennett Gilbert - 2016 - Media History:1-18.
    In 1713 the scientific instrument-maker Jakob Leupold published designs for three machines were the first attempt to design machinery with internal moving parts that replaced human agency in creating original images. This paper first analyzes his text and engravings in order to explain how he proposed to do this, given contemporary materials and command of physical forces. Next, it characterizes the devices as a transition from concepts of incision to concepts of mirroring, taken as models of the history of mechanical (...)
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  15. Hedonistic Utilitarianism and the Argument of the Experience Machine.John-Stewart Gordon - 2008 - Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 13 (1):25-36.
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  16. Review: The Structure of Good. [REVIEW]Daniel M. Hausman - 1993 - Ethics 103 (4):792 - 806.
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  17. Get Goodness: Virtue is the Power to Do Good.Mike Hickey - 2011 - Upa.
    This book looks at virtue as "the power to do good" from the theological, philosophical, and poetic perspective. None of us should be seeking virtuous perfection in orienting ourselves to the good in this life; we should only be seeking change. The journey is the goal.
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  18. Self-Interest, Altruism, and Virtue.Thomas Hurka - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):286.
    My topic in this essay is the comparative moral value of self-interest and altruism. I take self-interest to consist in a positive attitude toward one's own good and altruism to consist in a similar attitude toward the good of others, and I assess these attitudes within a general theory of the intrinsic value of attitudes toward goods and evils. The first two sections of the essay apply this theory in a simple form, one that treats self-interest and altruism symmetrically. The (...)
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  19. Moore on Beauty and Goodness.Ronald Jager - 1967 - Journal of Value Inquiry 1 (3-4):258-267.
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  20. Richard Kraut,What Is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well‐Being:What Is Good and Why: The Ethics of Well‐Being.Mark Jenkins - 2008 - Ethics 118 (3):557-562.
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  21. Value Monism, Richness, And Environmental Ethics.Chris Kelly - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (2):110-129.
    The intuitions at the core of environmental ethics and of other neglected value realms put pressure on traditional anthropocentric ethics based on monistic value theories. Such pressure is so severe that it has led many to give up on the idea of monistic value theories altogether. I argue that value monism is still preferable to value pluralism and that, indeed, these new challenges are opportunities to vastly improve impoverished traditional theories. I suggest an alternative monistic theory, Richness Theory, and show (...)
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  22. Pluralism of Norms and Values: On the Claim and Reception of the Universal.Jacob Klapwijk - 1994 - Philosophia Reformata 59 (2):158-192.
    By way of introduction I want first to distinguish between several types of pluralism; then I want to consider more closely the pluralism of norms and values in order to formulate, finally, the problem that is central to this essay, the problem of particular versus universal norms.
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  23. Reviewed Work: Prediction and Optimal Decision: Philosophical Issues of a Science of Values by C. West Churchman. [REVIEW]Henry E. Kyburg - 1962 - Journal of Philosophy 59 (20):549-554.
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  24. Needs Versus Desires.E. Larson - 1994 - Dialogue 37 (1):1-10.
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  25. A Defense of Organic Unities.Noah Lemos - 2015 - Journal of Ethics 19 (2):125-141.
    In this essay, I defend the Moorean position on organic unities. I will present some plausible examples of organic unites and consider some objections to them. In particular, I will consider an objection from evaluative inadequacy and an objection from Holism or Conditionalism. I will also examine one line of criticism that claims the Moorean position is incoherent.
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  26. Book Review: Against Absolute Goodness, Written by Richard Kraut. [REVIEW]Noah Lemos - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (5):661-664.
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  27. Being and Goodness: The Concept of the Good in Metaphysics and Philosophical Theology.Scott MacDonald (ed.) - 1991 - Cornell University Press.
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  28. Radical Axiology: A First Philosophy of Values.Hugh P. Mcdonald (ed.) - 2004 - Rodopi.
    This book treats values as the basis for all of philosophy, an approach distinct from critiquing theories of value and far rarer. “First Philosophy,” the effort to justify the foundations for a system of philosophy, is one of the main issues that divide philosophers today. McDonald’s philosophy of values is a comprehensive attempt to replace philosophies of “existence,” “being,” “experience,” the “subject,” or “language,” with a philosophy that locates value as most basic. This transformation is a radical move within Western (...)
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  29. Organic Unities.Sean Mckeever & Michael Ridge - 2013 - In David Bakhurst, Margaret Olivia Little & Brad Hooker (eds.), Thinking About Reasons: Themes From the Philosophy of Jonathan Dancy. Oxford University Press. pp. 265.
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  30. The Literal Meaning of 'Good'.Roger Montague - 1964 - Analysis 24 (4):137 - 144.
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  31. The Many Meanings and Uses of 'Good'.Paul J. Olscamp - 1964 - Dialogue 3 (1):72-80.
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  32. The Personal and the Fitting.Jonas Olson - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (3):341-352.
    This paper is a critical notice of a recent significant contribution to the debate about fitting attitudes and value, namely Toni Rønnow-Rasmussen’s Personal Value . In this book, Rønnow-Rasmussen seeks to analyse the notion of personal value—an instance of the notion of good for a person—in terms of fitting attitudes. The paper has three main themes: Rønnow-Rasmussen’s discussion of general problems for fitting attitude analyses; his formulation of the fitting attitude analysis of personal value and the notion of ‘for someone’s (...)
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  33. Love and Death in the First Epistle of John: A Phenomenological Reflection.Richard Oxenberg - manuscript
    “Whoever does not love abides in death,” writes John in his first epistle (1Jn 3:10). This statement presents us with a paradox. Death, so we suppose, is precisely that in which one cannot 'abide.' Our first thought is to interpret this as metaphor. John is saying that a life devoid of love is a life somehow like death. But, having never died, how do we know what death is like? My paper explores these questions with the aid of two philosophical (...)
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  34. Book Review:The British Moralists and the Internal "Ought": 1640-1740. Stephen Darwall. [REVIEW]Terence Penelhum - 1997 - Ethics 108 (1):218-.
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  35. Goodness Distorted.W. Norman Pittenger - 1970 - London: Mowbray.
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  36. The True Rescuers: Big Miracle, Dolphin Tale, and Buck.Pete Porter - 2014 - Society and Animals 22 (2):211-217.
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  37. The Fittingness Theory of Truth.David B. Resnik - 1992 - Philosophical Studies 68 (1):95 - 101.
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  38. Value and Preference Relations: Are They Symmetric?Mauro Rossi - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (3):239-253.
    According to Wlodek Rabinowicz's fitting-attitude analysis of comparative value, it is possible to analyse both standard and non-standard value relations in terms of the standard preference relations and two levels of normativity. In a recent article, however, Johan Gustafsson has argued that Rabinowicz's analysis violates a principle of valuepreference symmetry or he cannot make conceptual room for multiple permissible preferences.
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  39. The Concept of a Person’s Good.John Skorupski - manuscript
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  40. Subjectivity and Objectivity in Theories of Well-Being.Timothy Bruce Snow - 1992 - Dissertation, University of Illinois at Chicago
    My dissertation primarily concerns two theories of well-being: hedonism and the desire theory. These two theories are commonly classified as subjective, and thus it is usually assumed that any argument against subjectivity in general, is an argument against both theories. However, I argue that hedonism can be considered to be an objective theory, and that a version of objective hedonism can avoid the problems plaguing subjective theories. ;Subjective theories of well-being claim that well-being should be defined in terms of a (...)
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  41. Sumner on Metaethics.R. C. Solomon - 1968 - Ethics 78 (3):226.
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  42. Hale and Buck's Latin Grammar A Latin Grammar. By W. G. Hale and C. D. Buck. Ginn and Co., Boston, U.S.A., and London. Pp. Xi + 388. 1903. 4s. 6d. [REVIEW]E. A. Sonnenschein - 1905 - The Classical Review 19 (01):66-69.
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  43. Using ʻthe Goodʼ as a Criterion: Comments on Krautʼs What is Good and Why.Naly Thaler - 2009 - Iyyun 58:245-250.
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  44. The Curving Fitting Problem: A Solution.Peter Turney - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 41:509-530.
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  45. Fitting Attitudes, Wrong Kinds of Reasons, and Mind-Independent Goodness.Heath White - 2009 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 6 (3):339-364.
    The 'fitting-attitudes analysis' aims to analyze evaluative concepts in terms of attitudes, but suffers from the 'wrong kind of reasons' problem. This article critiques some suggested solutions to the WKR problem and offers one of its own, which appeals to the aims of attitudes. However, goodness is not a concept that can be successfully analyzed according to the method suggested here. Reasons are given why goodness should be thought of, instead, as a mind-independent property.
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  46. Responsibility, Reaction, and Value.Michael J. Zimmerman - 2010 - Journal of Ethics 14 (2):103-115.
    Many writers accept the following thesis about responsibility: (R) For one to be responsible for something is for one to be such that it is fitting that one be the object of some reactive attitude with respect to that thing. This thesis bears a striking resemblance to a thesis about value that is also accepted by many writers: (V) For something to be good (or neutral, or bad) is for it to be such that it is fitting that it be (...)
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  47. Is Good Ambiguous.Arnulf Zweig - 1960 - Analysis 21 (4):91.
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  48. Is 'Good' Ambiguous?Arnulf Zweig & C. H. Whiteley - 1960 - Analysis 21 (4):91 - 92.
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Theories of Moral Value
  1. The Right Kind of Solution to the Wrong Kind of Reason Problem.Metaethics After Moore - 2008 - Utilitas 20 (4).
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  2. ''`She 'Ll Wake Up One of These Days and Find She's Turned Into a Nigger': Passing Through Hybridity.S. Ahmed - 1999 - Theory, Culture and Society 16 (2):87-106.
    In this article, I examine racial narratives of passing and their relationship to discourses of hybridity. Rather than defining passing as inherently transgressive, or as one side of identity politics or the other, I suggest that passing must be understood in relationship to forms of social antagonism. I ask the following questions: how are differences that threaten the system recuperated? How do ambiguous or hybrid bodies get read in a way which further supports the enunciative power of those who are (...)
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