About this topic
Summary Some believe that individuals can not attain autonomy unless their culture provides them options.  Others, more commonly say that cultures provide the "context of choice" (Kymlicka) that make autonomy possible.  Whether or not such claims are accurate, it is clear that cultures can limit autonomy.  The relationship is thus worthy of extensive study; the pieces categorized here are contributions to such study.
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321 found
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1 — 50 / 321
  1. added 2018-11-14
    Rights of Self-Delimiting Peoples: Protecting Those Who Want No Part of Us.Lantz Fleming Miller - 2013 - Human Rights Review 14 (1):31-51.
    While in recent years new charters and government actions have boosted the collective and individual rights enjoyed by “Fourth-World” indigenous peoples such as the Inuit, another set of indigenous peoples has not experienced such protection: “self-delimiting” peoples. Their rights go largely unprotected because of deliberate ambiguities in the word “indigenous”; because these peoples generally avoid all contact with the larger society, and so are unknown by it and have no voice in it; and because charters and institutions generally require validation (...)
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  2. added 2018-11-10
    Summary of Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory.Michael Moehler - forthcoming - Analysis.
  3. added 2018-11-10
    Replies to Gaus, Van Schoelandt and Cooper: Prudence, Morality and the Social Contract.Michael Moehler - forthcoming - Analysis.
    Abstract. In Minimal Morality (2018), I develop a multilevel social contract theory that accommodates deep moral pluralism. In this article, I reply to comments by Gaus, Van Schoelandt and Cooper concerning the three core projects of the book that aim to (i) revive orthodox rational choice contractarianism as a viable approach to the social contract, (ii) integrate this approach into a comprehensive social contract theory and (iii) show the applicability of the theory to the real world. My replies clarify some (...)
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  4. added 2018-09-29
    Diversity, Stability, and Social Contract Theory.Michael Moehler - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    The topic of moral diversity is not only prevalent in contemporary moral and political philosophy, it is also practically relevant. Moral diversity, however, poses a significant challenge for moral theory building. John Thrasher (Synthese, forthcoming), in his discussion of public reason theory, which includes social contract theory, argues that if one seriously considers the goal of moral constructivism and considerations of representation and stability, then moral diversity poses an insurmountable problem for most public reason theories. I agree with Thrasher that (...)
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  5. added 2018-09-17
    Liberal Citizenship and the Isolated Tribes of Brazil.Luara Ferracioli - 2018 - Public Affairs Quarterly 32 (4):288-304.
    Since 1987, the Brazilian government has implemented a no-contact policy, which prevents contact between isolated indigenous tribes in the Amazon and members of the general public, including state officials. The government justifies this policy on the grounds that contact would expose members of isolated tribes to dangerous illnesses as well as violate their right to determine their own life processes. In this essay, I bring liberal theory to bear on the question of whether Brazil's treatment of isolated indigenous tribes is (...)
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  6. added 2018-03-04
    The Foundations of Conscientious Objection: Against Freedom and Autonomy.Yossi Nehushtan & John Danaher - 2018 - Jurisprudence 9 (3):541-565.
    According to the common view, conscientious objection is grounded in autonomy or in ‘freedom of conscience’ and is tolerated out of respect for the objector's autonomy. Emphasising freedom of conscience or autonomy as a central concept within the issue of conscientious objection implies that the conscientious objector should have an independent choice among alternative beliefs, positions or values. In this paper it is argued that: (a) it is not true that the typical conscientious objector has such a choice when they (...)
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  7. added 2018-02-18
    Sozialphilosophie Und Kritik.Axel Honneth & Rainer Forst (eds.) - 2009 - Suhrkamp.
  8. added 2018-02-17
    Salvaging and Secularizing the Semantic Contents of Religion: The Limitations of Habermas’s Postmetaphysical Proposal.Maeve Cooke - 2007 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 60 (1-3):187-207.
    The article considers Jürgen Habermas's views on the relationship between postmetaphysical philosophy and religion. It outlines Habermas's shift from his earlier, apparently dismissive attitude towards religion to his presently more receptive stance. This more receptive stance is evident in his recent emphasis on critical engagement with the semantic contents of religion and may be characterized by two interrelated theses: the view that religious contributions should be included in political deliberations in the informally organized public spheres of contemporary democracies, though translated (...)
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  9. added 2018-01-29
    Do Muslim Women Need Freedom.Serene J. Khader - 2016 - Politics and Gender 2 (4).
  10. added 2017-12-06
    Adaptive Preferences and Women's Empowerment. By SERENE J. KHADER. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2011.Asha Bhandary - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (2):390-393.
  11. added 2017-11-29
    Arranged Marriage: Could It Contribute To Justice?Asha Bhandary - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 26 (2):193-215.
    The value of autonomy is a hallmark of liberal doctrine. It would seem to follow that liberals must reject the practice of “arranged marriage” on the grounds that the “arranging” component of the practice eschews autonomy and individuality. However, in policy debates in Great Britain, the difference between “arranged marriage” and “forced marriage” has been defined as the presence of autonomy or free choice for an arranged marriage and their absence in cases of forced marriage. A paradox seems to result: (...)
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  12. added 2017-11-06
    Minimal Morality: A Multilevel Social Contract Theory.Michael Moehler - 2018 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This book develops a novel multilevel social contract theory that, in contrast to existing theories in the liberal tradition, does not merely assume a restricted form of reasonable moral pluralism, but is tailored to the conditions of deeply morally pluralistic societies which may be populated by liberal moral agents, nonliberal moral agents, and, according to the traditional understanding of morality, nonmoral agents alike. The book draws on the history of the social contract tradition, especially the work of Hobbes, Hume, Kant, (...)
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  13. added 2017-10-18
    Autonomy and Liberalism.Ben Colburn - 2010 - New York, USA: Routledge.
    This book concerns the foundations and implications of a particular form of liberal political theory. Colburn argues that one should see liberalism as a political theory committed to the value of autonomy, understood as consisting in an agent deciding for oneself what is valuable and living life in accordance with that decision. Understanding liberalism this way offers solutions to various problems that beset liberal political theory, on various levels. On the theoretical level, Colburn claims that this position is the only (...)
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  14. added 2017-10-18
    Forbidden Ways of Life.Ben Colburn - 2008 - Philosophical Quarterly 58 (233):618-629.
    I examine an objection against autonomy-minded liberalism sometimes made by philosophers such as John Rawls and William Galston, that it rules out ways of life which do not themselves value freedom or autonomy. This objection is incorrect, because one need not value autonomy in order to live an autonomous life. Hence autonomy-minded liberalism need not rule out such ways of life. I suggest a modified objection which does work, namely that autonomy-minded liberalism must rule out ways of life that could (...)
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  15. added 2017-08-26
    Identity Politics, Irrationalism, and Totalitarianism: The Relevance Of Karl Popper’s ‘Open Society’.Danny Frederick - manuscript
    In ‘The Open Society and its Enemies,’ Karl Popper contrasts closed and open societies. He evaluates irrationalism and the different kinds of rationalism and he argues that critical rationalism is superior. Living in an open society bestows great benefits but involves a strain that may in some people engender a longing to return to a closed society of tribal submission and an attraction for irrationalism. Attempts to recreate a closed society lead to totalitarianism. In the light of Popper’s arguments I (...)
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  16. added 2017-08-07
    Dialogue as Moral Paradigm: Paths Toward Intercultural Transformation.J. Gregory Keller - 2011 - Policy Futures in Education 9:29-34.
    The Council of Europe’s 2008 White Paper on Intercultural Dialogue: ‘living together as equals in dignity’ points to the need for shared values upon which intercultural dialogue might rest. In order, however, to overcome the monologic separateness that threatens community, we must educate ourselves to recognize the dialogism of our humanity and to engage in deep encounters with others with a mature skepticism of all dogmatisms, including our own. In order to aid us in reaching the necessary insight, the author (...)
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  17. added 2017-05-27
    Some Currently Popular Errors About Identity: A Critique of “Identity Politics”.Tony Summer - manuscript
    Personal fulfilment depends upon knowledge of one’s identity. A person discovers her identity by trial and error. The experimentation and critical evaluation that are indispensable for that are inhibited by various strands of the currently trendy “identity politics.” I identify and criticise six errors: that self-identification determines identity; that one discovers one’s identity by looking inward; that a person’s identity is substantially determined by her inherited culture; that one can discover one’s identity through consciousness-raising; that criticism or microaggression undermines a (...)
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  18. added 2017-05-04
    The Identity Argument for National Self-Determination.Hsin-wen Lee - 2012 - Public Affairs Quarterly 26 (2):123-139.
    A number of philosophers argue that the moral value of national identity is sufficient to justify at least a prima facie right of a national community to create its own independent, sovereign state. In the literature, this argument is commonly referred to as the identity argument. In this paper, I consider whether the identity argument successfully proves that a national group is entitled to a state of its own. To do so, I first explain three important steps in the argument (...)
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  19. added 2016-12-12
    What the Liberal State Should Tolerate Within Its Borders. [REVIEW]Andrew Jason Cohen - 2007 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 37 (4):479-513.
    Two normative principles of toleration are offered, one individual-regarding, the other group-regarding. The first is John Stuart Mill’s harm principle; the other is “Principle T,” meant to be the harm principle writ large. It is argued that the state should tolerate autonomous sacrifices of autonomy, including instances where an individual rationally chooses to be enslaved, lobotomized, or killed. Consistent with that, it is argued that the state should tolerate internal restrictions within minority groups even where these prevent autonomy promotion of (...)
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  20. added 2016-12-08
    Idea of University and the Place of University in Society.Józef L. Krakowiak - 2012 - Dialogue and Universalism 22 (4):75-85.
    Any debate about the aim of university is a question of its place within the cultural and social whole of a given time, tradition and dominant ideology. In the first place this will feature concern about its autonomy from the state, Church, parties, capital, etc. The debate will go on to include the relationship between science and the education of citizens, science and industry and science versus capital. The dispute has included the participation of philosophy and theology or social sciences (...)
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  21. added 2016-12-08
    Developing Leadership Capacity in English Secondary Schools and Universities: Global Positioning and Local Mediation.Mike Wallace, Rosemary Deem, Dermot O'Reilly & Michael Tomlinson - 2011 - British Journal of Educational Studies 59 (1):21-40.
    Government responses to globalisation include developing educational leaders as reformers for workforce competitiveness in the knowledge economy. Qualitative research tracked interventions involving national leadership development bodies to acculturate leaders in secondary schools and universities. Acculturating leaders as reformers was mediated through interaction with professional cultures valuing autonomy. Yet mediation supported the government's global positioning through adapting reforms and independent innovation.
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  22. added 2016-12-08
    East Meets West in Japanese Doctoral Education: Form, Dependence, and the Strange.Luise Prior McCarty & Yoshitsugu Hirata - 2010 - Ethics and Education 5 (1):27-41.
    Against the background of current reforms in higher education, we analyze the traditional education of Japanese doctoral students in philosophy of education from Western and Japanese perspectives by focusing on learning as self-education, on being and learning with others, on the socialization into the profession, and on the study of the foreign subject. Imai's explication of the Japanese construction of the adult self as instrumental is compared to Gadamer's ideas on self-education and education with others. A significant element of doctoral (...)
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  23. added 2016-12-08
    Autonomy, Respect, and Arrogance in the Danish Cartoon Controversy.Christian F. Rostbøll - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (5):623-648.
    Autonomy is increasingly rejected as a fundamental principle by liberal political theorists because it is regarded as incompatible with respect for diversity. This article seeks, via an analysis of the Danish cartoon controversy, to show that the relationship between autonomy and diversity is more complex than often posited. Particularly, it asks whether the autonomy defense of freedom of expression encourages disrespect for religious feelings. Autonomy leads to disrespect for diversity only when it is understood as a character ideal that must (...)
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  24. added 2016-12-08
    Hinduism, Christianity, and Liberal Religious Toleration.Jeff Spinner-Halev - 2005 - Political Theory 33 (1):28-57.
    The Protestant conception of religion as a private matter of conscience organized into voluntary associations informed early liberalism's conception of religion and of religious toleration, assumptions that are still present in contemporary liberalism. In many other religions, however, including Hinduism (the main though not only focus of this article), practice has a much larger role than conscience. Hinduism is not a voluntary association, and the structure of its practices, some of which are inegalitarian, makes exit very difficult. This makes liberal (...)
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  25. added 2016-12-08
    Plato's Socrates and Soseki's Sensei: Living the Sovereign Life.J. Lenore Wright - 2005 - Asian Philosophy 15 (1):61-76.
    Natsume S seki's novel Kokoro (1914) offers an indictment of the loneliness and isolation of a modernized Japan, a Japan in which people ?feel cut off from every other living thing?. In this essay, I argue that Plato and S seki offer analogous critiques of an eradicated honor culture; an eradication that is rooted in the political exchange of honorific autonomy for honorific heteronomy. Moreover, I suggest that the deprecation and subsequent demise of the Japanese samurai and Greek warrior?individuals for (...)
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  26. added 2016-12-08
    Confucian Ethics: A Comparative Study of Self, Autonomy, and Community.Kwong-Loi Shun & David B. Wong (eds.) - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    The Chinese ethical tradition has often been thought to oppose Western views of the self as autonomous and possessed of individual rights with views that emphasize the centrality of relationship and community to the self. The essays in this collection discuss the validity of that contrast as it concerns Confucianism, the single most influential Chinese school of thought. Alasdair MacIntyre, the single most influential philosopher to articulate the need for dialogue across traditions, contributes a concluding essay of commentary. This is (...)
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  27. added 2016-12-08
    Animal Consciousness and Ethics in Asia and the Pacific.Macer Darryl - 1997 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 10 (3):249-267.
    The interactions between humans, animals and the environment have shaped human values and ethics, not only the genes that we are made of. The animal rights movement challenges human beings to reconsider interactions between humans and other animals, and maybe connected to the environmental movement that begs us to recognize the fact that there are symbiotic relationships between humans and all other organisms. The first part of this paper looks at types of bioethics, the implications of autonomy and the value (...)
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  28. added 2016-12-08
    Equality, Autonomy, and Cultural Rights.Geoffrey Brahm Levey - 1997 - Political Theory 25 (2):215-248.
  29. added 2016-12-08
    Postnationalist Ireland: Politics, Culture, Philosophy.Richard Kearney - 1996 - Routledge.
    The encroachment of globalization and demands for greater regional autonomy have had a profound effect on the way we picture Ireland. This challenging new look at the key of sovereignty asks us how we should think about the identity of a postnationalist' Ireland. Richard Kearney goes to the heart of the conflict over demand for communal identity - traditionally expressed by nationalism, and the demand for a universal model of citizenship - traditionally expressed by republicanism. In so doing, he asks (...)
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  30. added 2016-09-23
    Liberal Recognition for Identity? Only for Particularized Ones.Sahar Akhtar - 2011 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (1):66-87.
    Communitarian writers argue that social identity is deeply important to individual autonomy and thus liberal societies have an obligation to recognize identity. Any liberal view that attempts to account for this charge must specify a procedure to recognize identity that also ensures that the liberal sense of autonomy is not weakened. In this article, I develop such an account. I argue that liberals must distinguish an identity that belongs to particular persons (particularized identity) from the collective form of that identity. (...)
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  31. added 2016-09-18
    The Communitarian Critique of Liberalism's Individualism.Andrew Jason Cohen - 1997 - Dissertation, Georgetown University
    The recent debate between liberals and their communitarian critics has reached a false plateau, with liberals conceding more than they should. After explicating the central communitarian thesis, the four ways that thesis could be understood, and the corresponding four senses of "independence," I argue that communitarians are right that liberalism requires a view of the self as 'unencumbered,' but I defend that view as superior to the alternatives. This allows me to defend true moral impartiality and universality as well as (...)
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  32. added 2016-09-02
    Confucian Role Ethics and Relational Autonomy in the Mengzi.John Ramsey - 2016 - Philosophy East and West 66 (3):903-922.
    This essay examines whether Confucian role ethics offers resources to identify and redress gender inequality and oppression. On its face, Confucian role ethics seems ill suited for this task for two reasons. First, a central tenet of role ethics is that a person is constituted by her roles. Because roles are constituted by norms that govern them, many social roles are, and have been, historically oppressive. Second, discussions of Confucian role ethics tend to avoid talk of autonomy, yet autonomy is (...)
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  33. added 2016-08-27
    Becoming British: UK Citizenship Examined.Thom Brooks - 2016 - Biteback.
    From Syrian asylum seekers to super-rich foreign investors, immigration is one of the most controversial issues facing Britain today. Politicians kick the subject from one election to the next with energetic but ineffectual promises to ‘crack down’, while newspaper editors plaster it across front pages. -/- But few know the truth behind the headlines; indeed, the almost daily changes to our complex immigration laws pile up so quickly that even the officials in charge struggle to keep up. -/- In this (...)
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  34. added 2016-06-03
    Two Cautions for a Common Morality Debate: Investigating the Argument From Empirical Evidence Through the Comparative Cultural Study Between Western Liberal Individualist Culture and East Asian Neo-Confucian Culture.Marvin J. H. Lee - 2012 - In Peter A. Clark (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Bioethics. InTech Publisher. pp. 1-14.
    The paper attempts to set a guideline to contemporary common morality debate. The author points out what he sees as two common problems that occur in the field of comparative cultural studies related to a common morality debate. The first problem is that the advocates and opponents of common morality, consciously or unconsciously, define the moral terms in question in a way that their respective meanings would naturally lead to the outcomes that each party desires. The second problem is that (...)
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  35. added 2016-04-12
    Multiculturalism’s Ticky-Tacky: Third World Scholars in the First World.Subhasis Chattopadhyay - 2014 - In Mahua Bau & Milinda Majumdar (eds.), Through a Multicultural Lens. Dey's Publishing. pp. 93-100.
    The idea of this paper came to me from my junior colleague and friend Saikat Sarkar who mentioned in a different context this paper's title. Existing work in this field registers two themes: those scholars who are abroad perforce critique whites since their unwritten code for getting tenure etc. is to lessen the guilt of their masters in First World social sciences' and humanities departments. And then there is the instance of First world scholars using these (mostly) subaltern-studies' scholars to (...)
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  36. added 2016-02-25
    Expanding the Justificatory Framework of Mill's Experiments in Living.Ryan Muldoon - 2015 - Utilitas 27 (2):179-194.
    In On Liberty, Mill introduced the concept of . I will provide an account of what Mill saw to be the basic problem he was addressing – the extensive pressure to fit in with the crowd, and how this bred mediocrity. I connect this to worries about public reason models of justification. I argue that a generalized version of Mill's argument offers us a better path to political justification stemming from experimentation. Rather than grounding political justification on shared political reasons, (...)
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  37. added 2016-02-22
    Narratives of Struggle.John Bewaji - 2012 - carolina academic press.
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  38. added 2016-01-25
    Informed Consent Revisited: Japan and the U.S.Akira Akabayashi & Brian Taylor Slingsby - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (1):9 – 14.
    Informed consent, decision-making styles and the role of patient-physician relationships are imperative aspects of clinical medicine worldwide. We present the case of a 74-year-old woman afflicted with advanced liver cancer whose attending physician, per request of the family, did not inform her of her true diagnosis. In our analysis, we explore the differences in informed-consent styles between patients who hold an "independent" and "interdependent" construal of the self and then highlight the possible implications maintained by this position in the context (...)
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  39. added 2016-01-24
    Two Kinds of Xiaoyao and Two Kinds of Freedom.Xiao-gan Liu - 2006 - Philosophy and Culture 33 (7):29-42.
    Chuang-tzu's free pursuit of Happy in the whole world, the Promise of the Wild, is established beyond the situation of real spiritual experience. Guo Xiang is content with the freedom of its sub-or self-sufficiency of the Happy, is content with the established reality of the situation of the state of mind. Happy with Guo Xiang Zhuang Zi are two representatives, but also the ancient Chinese tradition, the main representative of the liberal tradition. Chuang and Guo Xiang's this inner feeling of (...)
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  40. added 2016-01-24
    Religious Schooling in a Liberal Society: Parents' Rights, Community Rights, and Justice for Children.James Gerard Dwyer - 1995 - Dissertation, Stanford University
    Available evidence suggests that pedagogical practices in some religious schools in America are harmful to children. They excessively restrict students' liberties, thwart intellectual autonomy; foster intolerance and an inability to interact constructively with persons holding different conceptions of the good; and cause diminished self-respect and severe anxiety. This Dissertation considers from a liberal perspective what state policy should be toward such schools if they do in fact harm children in these ways. ;After summarizing research on Fundamentalist Christian and Catholic schooling, (...)
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  41. added 2016-01-21
    Freedom: Positive, Negative, Expressive.Danny Frederick - 2016 - Reason Papers 38 (2):39-63.
    I apply Karl Popper’s conception of critical rationality to the question of personal fulfilment. I show that such fulfilment normally depends upon the person achieving positive freedom, and that positive freedom requires negative freedom, including freedom of expression. If the state has legitimacy, its central duty must be the enforcement of those rules that provide the best prospects for personal fulfilment for the people under its jurisdiction. The state is therefore morally debarred from suppressing freedom of expression. I consider and (...)
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  42. added 2016-01-16
    W sprawie aksjologicznej spójności Konstytucji RP. Dobro wspólne czy godność człowieka? [Axiological Consistency of the Polish Constitution: Common Good or Human Dignity?].Marek Piechowiak - 2011 - In Stanisław Leszek Stadniczeńko (ed.), Jednolitość aksjologiczna systemu prawa w rozwijających się państwach demokratycznych Europy. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Opolskiego. pp. 111-124.
    The author poses a question: which of the two fundamental, constitutional values – common good or human dignity – can be considered to be the cornerstone, the unifying value in the Constitution of the Republic of Poland from 1997. The paper shows the crucial reasons for accepting each of these values as primary and also presents the underlying relationships between these values . The prominence of a given value for defining the aim of the constitution and the legal order based (...)
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  43. added 2016-01-15
    Kin Preference and Partner Choice.David A. Nolin - 2011 - Human Nature 22 (1-2):156-176.
    This paper presents a comparison of social kinship (patrilineage) and biological kinship (genetic relatedness) in predicting cooperative relationships in two different economic contexts in the fishing and whaling village of Lamalera, Indonesia. A previous analysis (Alvard, Human Nature 14:129–163, 2003) of boat crew affiliation data collected in the village in 1999 found that social kinship (patrilineage) was a better predictor of crew affiliation than was genetic kinship. A replication of this analysis using similar data collected in 2006 finds the same (...)
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  44. added 2016-01-15
    Gender and Self in Islam: A Philosophical Interpretation.Etin Anwar - 2002 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Binghamton
    I have argued in my dissertation, "Gender and Self in Islam: A Philosophical Interpretation," that Muslim interpretations on gender issues have produced the authoritative legitimacies that often contain contradictory claims. The hierarchical perspective, on the one hand, argues that the natural differences between men and women entail different moral, ethical, social, familial, financial, and political responsibilities. This accepted hierarchical claim of gender co-exists with the patriarchal culture that generates and nurtures the patriarchal system of Muslim culture. On the other hand, (...)
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  45. added 2016-01-15
    Communication with the Seriously Ill: Physicians' Attitudes in Saudi Arabia.A. F. Mobeireek, F. A. Al-Kassimi, S. A. Al-Majid & A. Al-Shimemry - 1996 - Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (5):282-285.
    OBJECTIVES: To study some ethical problems created by accession of a previously nomadic and traditional society to modern invasive medicine, by assessment of physicians' attitudes towards sharing information and decision-making with patients in the setting of a serious illness. DESIGN: Self-completion questionnaire administered in 1993. SETTING: Riyadh, Jeddah, and Buraidah, three of the largest cities in Saudi Arabia. SURVEY SAMPLE: Senior and junior physicians from departments of internal medicine and critical care in six hospitals in the above cities. RESULTS: A (...)
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  46. added 2016-01-15
    Dialogue as a Moral Act: An Alternative Discourse Ethic in the White Middle-Class Religious Community.Linda Naef - 1994 - Dissertation, Harvard University
    A liberation theology for white middle-class religious communities of North America must enable Christians to take responsibility for their relation to oppressive social structures. The dissertation examines critiques from feminist critical social theory and feminist liberation theology concerning constructions of self, world, and God. Enlightenment assumptions concerning the autonomous individual and reason have become instantiated within a cultural distillate that, in late capitalism, creates tensions within the so-called public and private identities of the self and the ideology of a transcendent (...)
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  47. added 2016-01-14
    China Confronts Kant When University Students Experience the Angst of Freedom.Robert Keith Shaw - 2016 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 48 (6).
    An existential interpretation of student angst in Chinese universities raises issues of autonomy and freedom. The governance arrangements in China create a conflict for Chinese students who in their coursework are urged to become critical-minded and open-minded. In this essay, Kant’s moral theory provides access to this phenomenon. His theory of duty–rationality–autonomy–freedom relates the liberty of thought to principled action. Kantian ideals still influence western business and university practice and they become relevant in China as that country modernises. The abilities (...)
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  48. added 2016-01-14
    Japanese Healthcare Workers‟ Attitudes Towards Administering Futile Treatments: A Preliminary Interview-Based Study.Yasuhiro Kadooka, A. Asai, K. Aizawa & S. Bito - 2011 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 21 (4):131-135.
    In Japan, few studies and ethical debates have addressed medical futility, but articles suggesting the practice of such treatment exist. The present study aimed to explore attitudes about this by examining personal practical experiences of those who have been involved in judging treatments as futile. We employed a qualitative descriptive design with content analysis of semi-structured and focus group interviews with 11 Japanese physicians and 9 nurses of a university hospital in Japan. The interviews mined their practical experience to identify (...)
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  49. added 2016-01-14
    Vulnerability in Palliative Care Research: Findings From a Qualitative Study of Black Caribbean and White British Patients with Advanced Cancer.J. Koffman, M. Morgan, P. Edmonds, P. Speck & I. J. Higginson - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (7):440-444.
    Introduction: Vulnerability is a poorly understood concept in research ethics, often aligned to autonomy and consent. A recent addition to the literature represents a taxonomy of vulnerability developed by Kipnis, but this refers to the conduct of clinical trials rather than qualitative research, which may raise different issues. Aim: To examine issues of vulnerability in cancer and palliative care research obtained through qualitative interviews. Method: Secondary analysis of qualitative data from 26 black Caribbean and 19 white British patients with advanced (...)
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  50. added 2016-01-14
    Informed Consent Practices in Nigeria.Patricia A. Marshall Emmanuel R. Ezeome - 2009 - Developing World Bioethics 9 (3):138-148.
    ABSTRACTMost writing on informed consent in Africa highlights different cultural and social attributes that influence informed consent practices, especially in research settings. This review presents a composite picture of informed consent in Nigeria using empirical studies and legal and regulatory prescriptions, as well as clinical experience. It shows that Nigeria, like most other nations in Africa, is a mixture of sociocultural entities, and, notwithstanding the multitude of factors affecting it, informed consent is evolving along a purely Western model.Empirical studies show (...)
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