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  1. Advances in Physiological Science.G. Adam, I. Meszaros & E. I. Banyai (eds.) - 1981
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  2. On Timing Relations Between Brain and World.William P. Banks - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):141-143.
  3. Benjamin Libet's Work on the Neuroscience of Free Will.William P. Banks & Susan Pockett - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 657--670.
  4. A Curious Kind of Distant Referral From a Slightly Painful Stimulus to the Skin.William B. Bean - 1981 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 24 (3):440-446.
  5. Bad Timing: The Subject as a Work of Time.Agata Bielik-Robson - 2000 - Angelaki 5 (3):71 – 91.
  6. Consciousness and the Act of Will.T. J. Bittner - 1996 - Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):31-41.
  7. Two Asymmetries Governing Neural and Mental Timing.Amanda R. Bolbecker, Zixi Cheng, Gary Felsten, King-Leung Kong, Corrinne C. M. Lim, Sheryl J. Nisly-Nagele, Lolin T. Wang-Bennett & Gerald S. Wasserman - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):265-272.
    Mental timing studies may be influenced by powerful cognitive illusions that can produce an asymmetry in their rate of progress relative to neuronal timing studies. Both types of timing research are also governed by a temporal asymmetry, expressed by the fact that the direction of causation must follow time's arrow. Here we refresh our earlier suggestion that the temporal asymmetry offers promise as a means of timing mental activities. We update our earlier analysis of Libet's data within this framework. Then (...)
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  8. In Support of Pockett's Critique of Libet's Studies of the Time Course of Consciousness.Bruno G. Breitmeyer - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):280-283.
    Susan Pockett presents sound arguments supporting her reinterpretations of data that Libet and co-workers used to support a number of intriguing and influential conclusions regarding the microgenesis and timing of conscious sensory experience and volitionally controlled motor responses. The following analysis, extending and elaborating some of her main arguments, proposes that Libet's experimental methodologies and rationales, and thus also his interpretation of data, are flawed and that neglect or ignorance of methodological and empirical constraints well known to sensory psychologists risks (...)
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  9. Opening Remarks: Timing Is All.Teresa Brennan - 1999 - In Emanuela Bianchi (ed.), Is Feminist Philosophy Philosophy? Northwestern University Press. pp. 17.
  10. The Brain and its States.Richard Brown - 2012 - In Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.), Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 211-238.
    In recent times we have seen an explosion in the amount of attention paid to the conscious brain from scientists and philosophers alike. One message that has emerged loud and clear from scientific work is that the brain is a dynamical system whose operations unfold in time. Any theory of consciousness that is going to be physically realistic must take account of the intrinsic nature of neurons and brain activity. At the same time a long discussion on consciousness among philosophers (...)
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  11. Adaptive Neural Models of Queuing and Timing in Fluent Action.D. Bullock - 2004 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (9):426-433.
  12. Cerebral Correlates of Conscious Experience.P. A. Buser & A. Rougeul-Buser - 1978 - Elsevier.
  13. Timing Sequencers as a Foundation for Language.William H. Calvin - 1983 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (2):210.
  14. The Time Taken Up by Cerebral Operations.Cattell James McKeen - 1886 - Mind 11 (42):220-242.
  15. Determining the Moment of Consciousness? Commentary on Valerie Hardcastle.David J. Chalmers - manuscript
    It's very interesting to see neurophysiological evidence brought to bear on the puzzling question of conscious experience. Many have observed that information-processing models of cognition seem to leave consciousness untouched; it is natural to hope that turning to neurophysiology might lead us to the Holy Grail. Still, I think there are reasons to be skeptical. There are good reasons to suppose that neurophysiological investigation contributes to cognitive explanation at best in virtue of constraining the information-processing structure of cognition. Of course (...)
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  16. Discussion: The Timing of Sensations: Reply to Libet.Patricia S. Churchland - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (September):492-497.
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  17. On the Alleged Backward Referral of Experience and its Relevance to the Mind-Body Problem.Patricia S. Churchland - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (June):165-81.
    A remarkable hypothesis has recently been advanced by Libet and promoted by Eccles which claims that there is standardly a backwards referral of conscious experiences in time, and that this constitutes empirical evidence for the failure of identity of brain states and mental states. Libet's neurophysiological data are critically examined and are found insufficient to support the hypothesis. Additionally, it is argued that even if there is a temporal displacement phenomenon to be explained, a neurophysiological explanation is most likely.
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  18. The Timing of Sensations: Reply to Libet.Patricia S. Churchland - 1981 - Philosophy of Science 48 (3):492-7.
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  19. REVIEW: "Mind Time: The Temporal Factor in Consciousness" by Benjamin Libet.Tim Crane - unknown
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  20. Biases in the Subjective Timing of Perceptual Events: Libet Et Al. (1983) Revisited.A. DAnquah, M. Farrell & D. Oboyle - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):616-627.
    We report two experiments in which participants had to judge the time of occurrence of a stimulus relative to a clock. The experiments were based on the control condition used by Libet, Gleason, Wright, and Pearl [Libet, B., Gleason, C. A., Wright, E. W., & Pearl, D. K. . Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activities : The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act. Brain 106, 623–642] to correct for any bias in the (...)
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  21. Biases in the Subjective Timing of Perceptual Events: Libet Et Al.(1983) Revisited.Adam N. Danquah, Martin J. Farrell & Donald J. O'Boyle - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):616-627.
    We report two experiments in which participants had to judge the time of occurrence of a stimulus relative to a clock. The experiments were based on the control condition used by Libet, Gleason, Wright, and Pearl [Libet, B., Gleason, C. A., Wright, E. W., & Pearl, D. K. . Time of conscious intention to act in relation to onset of cerebral activities : The unconscious initiation of a freely voluntary act. Brain 106, 623–642] to correct for any bias in the (...)
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  22. Time and the Observer: The Where and When of Consciousness in the Brain.Daniel C. Dennett & Marcel Kinsbourne - 1992 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (2):183-201.
    _Behavioral and Brain Sciences_ , 15, 183-247, 1992. Reprinted in _The Philosopher's Annual_ , Grim, Mar and Williams, eds., vol. XV-1992, 1994, pp. 23-68; Noel Sheehy and Tony Chapman, eds., _Cognitive Science_ , Vol. I, Elgar, 1995, pp.210-274.
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  23. The Time of Consciousness and Vice Versa.Frank H. Durgin & Saul Sternberg - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):284-290.
    The temporal granularity of consciousness may be far less fine than the real-time information processing mechanisms that underlie our sensitivity to small temporal differences. It is suggested that conscious time perception, like space perception, is subject to errors that belie a unitary underlying representation. E. R. Clay's concept of the “specious present,” an extended moment represented in consciousness, is suggested as an alternative to the more common notion of instantaneous experience that underlies much reasoning based on the “time of arrival” (...)
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  24. Being in Time: Dynamical Models of Phenomenal Experience.Shimon Edelman, Tomer Fekete & Neta Zach (eds.) - 2012 - John Benjamins.
    The chapters comprising this book represent a collective attempt on the part of their authors to redress this aberration.
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  25. Apes: A Digital-Circuit Simulation Program for Real-Time Control of Behavioral and Physiological Data Collection.Ronald N. Ehrman, Charles P. O’Brien & J. W. Ternes - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (6):473-475.
  26. Time and Consciousness: The Uneasy Bearing of Relativity on the Mind-Body Problem.Avshalom C. Elitzur - 1996 - In Stuart R. Hameroff, Alfred W. Kaszniak & A. C. Scott (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness. MIT Press.
  27. Timing Implications of Metabotropic Mechanisms for Cerebellar Learning.John C. Fiala & Daniel Bullock - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (3):445-447.
    A major theme of the systems physiologists is the critical timing function of the cerebellum. However, the biophysicists do not appear to directly address the biophysical basis of the adaptive timing competence implicated in the physiological and behavioral data. Thus, the bridge between the macroscopic and microscopic data bases seems to be incomplete in a critical area. We report successful results from an attempt to add the missing part of the bridge. It comes in the form of a model of (...)
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  28. Attentional State: From Automatic Detection to Willful Focused Concentration.Andrew A. Fingelkurts & Alexander A. Fingelkurts - 2015 - In G. Marchetti, G. Benedetti & A. Alharbi (eds.), Attantion and Meaning. The Attentional Basis of Meaning. Nova Science Publishers. pp. 133-150.
    Despite the fact that attention is a core property of all perceptual and cognitive operations, our understanding of its neurophysiological mechanisms is far from complete. There are many theoretical models that try to fill this gap in knowledge, though practically all of them concentrate only on either involuntary (bottom-up) or voluntarily (top-down) aspect of attention. At the same time, both aspects of attention are rather integrated in the living brain. In this chapter we attempt to conceptualise both aspects of attentional (...)
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  29. Present Moment, Past, and Future: Mental Kaleidoscope.Andrew A. Fingelkurts & Alexander A. Fingelkurts - 2014 - Frontiers Psychology 5:395.
    It is the every person's daily phenomenal experience that conscious states represent their contents as occurring now. Following Droege (2009) we could state that consciousness has a peculiar affinity for presence. Some researchers even argue that conscious awareness necessarily demands that mental content is somehow held “frozen” within a discrete progressive present moment. Thus, phenomenal content seems to be minimally conscious if it is integrated into a single and coherent model of reality during a “virtual window” of presence.
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  30. Timing in Cognition and EEG Brain Dynamics: Discreteness Versus Continuity.Andrew A. Fingelkurts & Alexander A. Fingelkurts - 2006 - Cognitive Processing 7 (3):135-162.
    This article provides an overview of recent developments in solving the timing problem (discreteness vs. continuity) in cognitive neuroscience. Both theoretical and empirical studies have been considered, with an emphasis on the framework of Operational Architectonics (OA) of brain functioning (Fingelkurts and Fingelkurts, 2001, 2005). This framework explores the temporal structure of information flow and interarea interactions within the network of functional neuronal populations by examining topographic sharp transition processes in the scalp EEG, on the millisecond scale. We conclude, based (...)
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  31. Timing of Language Specialization.Angela D. Friederici - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (9):329.
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  32. Neural Basis of Timing and Time Perception.J. Gibbon & C. Malapani - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan. pp. 305--311.
  33. Consciousness and Time.I. M. Glynn - 1990 - Nature 348:477-79.
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  34. Free Will and the Readiness Potential.G. Gomes - 2000 - Consciousness and Cognition 9 (2):S35 - S35.
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  35. Preparing to Move and Deciding Not to Move☆.Gilberto Gomes - 2010 - Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):457-459.
    A commentary is given on Trevena and Miller . The comparability of their experimental task and of the potential they recorded with those used and recorded by Libet, Gleason, Wright, and Pearl is questioned. An interpretation is given for the similarity of event-related potentials recorded when subjects decided to move and when they decided not to move.
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  36. On Experimental and Philosophical Investigations of Mental Timing: A Response to Commentary.Gilberto Gomes - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):304-307.
    Reinterpretations of Libet's results have received support from most commentaries. Libet's arguments against alternative hypotheses are contested. Latency depends on intensity. Integration of intensity and duration explains the Minimum Train Duration. Analogies of Libet's timing of intentions with control experiments indicate biases of opposite signs, according to intramodal or intermodal results. Rosenthal's view of nonconscious intentions becoming conscious after a delay is favored. Compatibilist free will is discussed.
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  37. Problems in the Timing of Conscious Experience.Gilberto Gomes - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):191-97.
    Libet's arguments in defense of his interpretation of his experimental results are insufficient. The claims of my critical review do not suffer with his new statements.
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  38. The Interpretation of Libet's Results on the Timing of Conscious Events: A Commentary.Gilberto Gomes - 2002 - Consciousness and Cognition 11 (2):221-230.
    A commentary on articles by Klein, Pockett, and Trevena and Miller, in this issue, is given. Average shift in the point of subjective equality , calculated by Klein on Libet's data, and corresponding change in mean shift, calculated by Libet et al. , may be “corrected,” taking as a reference point the end of the minimum train duration. Values obtained, if significant, indicate a latency for conscious sensation of the skin stimulus of at least 230 ms. Pockett's main conclusions are (...)
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  39. Volition and the Readiness Potential.Gilberto Gomes - 1999 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (8-9):59-76.
    1. Introduction The readiness potential was found to precede voluntary acts by about half a second or more (Kornhuber & Deecke, 1965). Kornhuber (1984) discussed the readiness potential in terms of volition, arguing that it is not the manifestation of an attentional processes. Libet discussed it in relation to consciousness and to free will (Libet et al. 1983a; 1983b; Libet, 1985, 1992, 1993). Libet asked the following questions. Are voluntary acts initiated by a conscious decision to act? Are the physiological (...)
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  40. The Timing of Conscious Experience: A Critical Review and Reinterpretation of Libet's Research.Gilberto Gomes - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (4):559-595.
    An extended examination of Libet's works led to a comprehensive reinterpretation of his results. According to this reinterpretation, the Minimum Train Duration of electrical brain stimulation should be considered as the time needed to create a brain stimulus efficient for producing conscious sensation and not as a basis for inferring the latency for conscious sensation of peripheral origin. Latency for conscious sensation with brain stimulation may occurafterthe Minimum Train Duration. Backward masking with cortical stimuli suggests a 125-300 ms minimum value (...)
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  41. Artifacts, Representations, and Social Practice.C. C. Gould (ed.) - 1994 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
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  42. Are Mental Events Preceded by Their Physical Causes?Christopher D. Green & Grant R. Gillett - 1995 - Philosophical Psychology 8 (4):333-340.
    Libet's experiments, supported by a strict one-to-one identity thesis between brain events and mental events, have prompted the conclusion that physical events precede the mental events to which they correspond. We examine this claim and conclude that it is suspect for several reasons. First, there is a dual assumption that an intention is the kind of thing that causes an action and that can be accurately introspected. Second, there is a real problem with the method of timing the mental events (...)
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  43. Refocusing on the Data: A Reply to Hardman.David W. Green - 1998 - Thinking and Reasoning 4 (1):95 – 96.
    Hardman in press claims that the results of Green and Larking 1995 favour a mental rules theory account of performance in the selection task over a mental model theory account. This reply rebuts his claim.
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  44. Timing and Reaction Time.Marc Grosjean, David A. Rosenbaum & Catherine Elsinger - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):256.
  45. Conscious Intention and Brain Activity.Patrick Haggard & Benjamin W. Libet - 2001 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 8 (11):47-63.
    The problem of free will lies at the heart of modern scientific studies of consciousness. An influential series of experiments by Libet has suggested that conscious intentions arise as a result of brain activity. This contrasts with traditional concepts of free will, in which the mind controls the body. A more recent study by Haggard and Eimer has further examined the relation between intention and brain processes, concluding that conscious awareness of intention is linked to the choice or selection of (...)
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  46. A/Ttt the Timing of Conscious Experience—V Xxj. Introduction.Stuart Hameroff - 1999 - In S. Hameroff, A. Kaszniak & David Chalmers (eds.), Toward a Science of Consciousness Iii: The Third Tucson Discussions and Debates. MIT Press. pp. 3--341.
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  47. The Timing of a Conscious Decision: From Ear to Mouth.Stevan Harnad - unknown
    Libet, Gleason, Wright, & Pearl (1983) asked participants to report the moment at which they freely decided to initiate a pre-specified movement, based on the position of a red marker on a clock. Using event-related potentials (ERPs), Libet found that the subjective feeling of deciding to perform a voluntary action came after the onset of the motor “readiness potential,” RP). This counterintuitive conclusion poses a challenge for the philosophical notion of free will. Faced with these findings, Libet (1985) proposed that (...)
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  48. 8 Timing Differences And.Efi Hatzimanolis - 1993 - In Sneja Marina Gunew & Anna Yeatman (eds.), Feminism and the Politics of Difference. Allen & Unwin. pp. 128.
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  49. Neural Mechanisms of Timing.Eliot Hazeltine, Laura L. Helmuth & Richard B. Ivry - 1997 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 1 (5):163-169.
  50. Is the Mind Ahead of the Brain? Rejoinder to Benjamin Libet.Ted Honderich - manuscript
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