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  1. Is a Good God Logically Possible?James P. Sterba - 2020 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 87 (3):203-208.
  2. Eine jede Philosophie dreht sich um den ontologischen Gottesbeweis? Die Spur natürlicher Theologie bei Adorno.Mario Schärli - 2019 - In Mario Schärli & Marc Nicolas Sommer (eds.), Das Ärgernis der Philosophie. Metaphysik in Adornos Negativer Dialektik. Tübingen, Deutschland: pp. 237-278.
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  3. Alvin Plantinga.Michele Paolini Paoletti - 2019 - Aphex 2019.
    Alvin Plantinga è uno dei più importanti metafisici e filosofi della religione viventi. In questo profilo, dopo aver brevemente narrato la sua formazione intellettuale, considererò alcuni aspetti del suo pensiero: la teoria di Plantinga dei mondi possibili; la sua teoria della garanzia epistemica delle credenze, fondata sul concetto di funzione propria; la versione di Plantinga dell’argomento ontologico per provare l’esistenza di Dio; la sua critica dell’argomento del male per provare l'inesistenza di Dio; l’argomento di Plantinga contro il naturalismo.
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  4. Anselm and the Question of God's Existence: Interrogating the Ontological Argument.Damian Ilodigwe - 2017 - Nigerian Journal of Theology 31:96-110.
    St Anselm is one of the major thinkers of the medieval epoch of the history of philosophy. Interest in Anselm usually focuses on his discussion of the problem of the existence of God especially as contained in the Proslogion. Indeed Anselm is mostly known for his attempt to proof the existence of God in the Proslogion. The argument he advances here which goes by the name ontological argument has been a point of reference all through the history of Western philosophy (...)
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  5. An Impossible Proof of God.Robert E. Pezet - 2018 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 83 (1):57-83.
    A new version of the ontological argument for the existence of God is outlined and examined. After giving a brief account of some traditional ontological arguments for the existence of God, where their defects are identified, it is explained how this new argument is built upon their foundations and surmounts their defects. In particular, this version uses the resources of impossible worlds to plug the common escape route from standard modal versions of the ontological argument. After outlining the nature of (...)
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  6. Against an Updated Ontological Argument.Eric Yang - 2017 - Res Philosophica 95 (1):179-187.
    This paper examines a recent attempt at updating Anselm’s ontological argument by employing the notion of mediated and unmediated causal powers. After presenting the updated argument and the underlying metaphysical framework of causal powers that is utilized in the argument, I show that some of the key assumptions can be rejected. Once we closely examine some of the assumptions, it will also be evident that the updated version in some ways collapses back to Anselm’s original version and so is subject (...)
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  7. God and Abstract Objects: The Coherence of Theism: Aseity.William Lane Craig - 2017 - Springer.
    This book is an exploration and defense of the coherence of classical theism’s doctrine of divine aseity in the face of the challenge posed by Platonism with respect to abstract objects. A synoptic work in analytic philosophy of religion, the book engages discussions in philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of language, metaphysics, and metaontology. It addresses absolute creationism, non-Platonic realism, fictionalism, neutralism, and alternative logics and semantics, among other topics. The book offers a helpful taxonomy of the wide range of options (...)
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  8. Two Types of Ontological Frame and Gödel’s Ontological Proof.Sergio Galvan - 2012 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 4 (2):147--168.
    The aim of this essay is twofold. First, it outlines the concept of ontological frame. Secondly, two models are distinguished on this structure. The first one is connected to Kant’s concept of possible object and the second one relates to Leibniz’s. Leibniz maintains that the source of possibility is the mere logical consistency of the notions involved, so that possibility coincides with analytical possibility. Kant, instead, argues that consistency is only a necessary component of possibility. According to Kant, something is (...)
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  9. Über die Nichtigkeit des Gegebenen: Schellings und Hegels Verteidigung des ontologischen Arguments und der Deutsche Idealismus im Spätmittelalter.Andrés Quero-Sánchez - 2011 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 14 (1):191-232.
  10. Some Comments on Hartshorne's Presentation of the Ontological Argument: DAVID A. PAILIN.David A. Pailin - 1968 - Religious Studies 4 (1):103-122.
    Although the basic ideas of the ontological argument can be found in Aristotle and Philo Judaeus, the argument received its classical formulation in Anselm's Proslogion and his Reply to the objections raised by Gaunilo. During the succeeding nine centuries the argument has had a chequered career. It was supported by some scholastic theologians but rejected by Aquinas. Descartes and Leibniz offered their own versions of the proof but Kant's refutation of the argument has generally been accepted as conclusive during the (...)
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  11. New Aspects of Omnipotence and Necessity in Anselm: M. J. A. O'CONNOR.M. J. A. O'connor - 1968 - Religious Studies 4 (1):133-146.
    Anselm presented his ontological argument in three main forms. In Proslogion II he argued that the very concept of God implies his actual existence. In Reply to Gaunilo —the argument from aseity—he argued that the conception of God as an eternal existent rules out his conception as a merely possible existent. In Proslogion III he argued that the concept of God implies his actual existence as logically necessary. Each of these arguments has its traditional refutation. Against Proslogion II it is (...)
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  12. Two ‘Proofs’ of God's Existence: A. C. EWING.A. C. Ewing - 1965 - Religious Studies 1 (1):29-45.
    I do not think that the existence of God can be proved or even that the main justification for the belief can be found in argument in the ordinary sense of that term, but I think two of the three which have, since Kant at least, been classified as the traditional arguments of natural theology have some force and are worthy of serious consideration. This consideration I shall now proceed to give. I cannot say this of the remaining one of (...)
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  13. Universe Indexed Properties and the Fate of the Ontological Argument: JAMES F. SENNETT.James F. Sennett - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (1):65-79.
    If the contemporary rebirth of the ontological argument had its conception in Norman Malcolm's discovery of a second Anselmian argument it had its full-term delivery as a healthy philosophical progeny with Alvin Plantinga's sophisticated modal version presented in the tenth chapter of The Nature of Necessity. This latter argument has been the centre of a huge body of literature over the last fifteen years, and deservedly so. One is impressed that this version of Anselm's jewel is valid and sound if (...)
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  14. Is Existence a Predicate in Anselm's Argument?: DAVID M. LOCHHEAD.David M. Lochhead - 1966 - Religious Studies 2 (1):121-127.
    One of the most annoying things to many a student of St Anselm's Proslogion is the way in which many philosophers assume that they can make Anselm's argument disappear simply by uttering the incantation, ‘Existence is not a predicate’. Some recent studies of the argument 1 have tried to rescue it from Kant's dictum by showing that this criticism does not apply to Anselm's so-called ‘second’ ontological argument. This argument appears in chapter III of Proslogion and depends on a distinction (...)
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  15. Does the Ontological Argument Beg the Question?: P. J. MCGRATH.P. J. McGrath - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):305-310.
    In his paper ‘Has the Ontological Argument Been Refuted?’, 97–110) William F. Vallicella argues that my attempt to show that the Ontological Argument begs the question is unsuccessful. 1 I believe he is wrong about this, but before endeavouring to vindicate my position I must first make clear what precisely is the point at issue between us. The Ontological Argument is not a single argument, but a family of arguments. Newly devised formulations of the argument are frequently put forward by (...)
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  16. Further Thoughts on the Ontological Argument: A. C. EWING.A. C. Ewing - 1969 - Religious Studies 5 (1):41-48.
    A little while ago I thought the ontological argument dead and buried beyond any possible hope of resurrection and no philosophical event has caused me much greater surprise than its revival by a member of the very linguistic school to whose line of thinking it seemed most alien and who were held to have given it its quietus once for all. I am tempted to welcome any relapse into metaphysics by a member of this school as being some sign of (...)
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  17. The Tension Between Direct Experience and Argument in Religion: JOHN E. SMITH.John E. Smith - 1981 - Religious Studies 17 (4):487-497.
    There is an undercurrent to be detected in Anselm's record of the meditative experience that issued in the Ontological Argument and, although it points to a profound and perennial problem in the interpretation of religion, this undercurrent has been largely ignored. The Argument, as is well known, moves entirely within the medium of reflective meaning focused on the idea of God and, unlike the cosmological arguments of later theologians, it makes no appeal whatever to a principle of causality or to (...)
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  18. New Studies in the Philosophy of Religion.The Ontological Argument.The Argument From Design.Religious Experience.The Concept of Worship.W. D. Hudson, Jonathan Barnes, Thomas Mcpherson, T. R. Miles & Ninian Smart - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (92):283-285.
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  19. On Oppy’s Objections to the Modal Perfection Argument.Robert Maydole - 2005 - Philo 8 (2):123-130.
    This paper is a reply to Graham Oppy’s “Maydole’s 2QS5 Argument,” published in Philo 7, 2. I argue that he fails to refute myModal Perfection Argument for the existence of a Supreme Being, and that it remains arguably sound in the face of his alleged counterexamples and parodies.
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  20. Entailment and Ontological Arguments: Reply to Maydole.Thomas Metcalf - 2005 - Philo 8 (2):131-133.
    Robert Maydole has recently presented a sophisticated ontological argument that he calls the Modal Perfection Argument for the existence of a supreme being. While this ontological argument is probably better than most of its peers, it is nonetheless open to at least one decisive objection. The purpose of this brief comment is to develop that objection. I claim that this objection indicates an important further point about the concept of entailment and its role in ontological arguments at large, the recognition (...)
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  21. Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response. [REVIEW]Andrew Nam - 2008 - Faith and Philosophy 25 (4):461-464.
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  22. The Modal Unity of Anselm’s Proslogion.Gary Mar - 1996 - Faith and Philosophy 13 (1):50-67.
    Anselm claimed that his Proslogion was a “single argument” sufficient to prove “that God truly exists,” that God is “the supreme good requiring nothing else,” as well as to prove “whatever we believe regarding the divine Being.” In this paper we show how Anselm’s argument in the Proslogion and in his Reply to Gaunilo can be reconstructed as a single argument. A logically elegant result is that the various stages of Anselm’s argument are validated by standard axioms from contemporary modal (...)
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  23. The De Libero Arbitrio & Proof for God’s Existence.Roland J. Teske - 1987 - Philosophy and Theology 2 (2):124-142.
    The heart of Book Two of De Iibero arbitrio is devoted to a lengthy argument that concludes that God is and is truly and sovereignly. This argument rests upon two crucial principia that have been called the principles of subordination and participation. An examination of their function in the argument reveals that Augustine could hardly have thought that he had produced a demonstration of God’s existence.
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  24. A Careful Reading of St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument.Clint I. Barrett - 2011 - Philosophy and Theology 23 (2):217-230.
    Although philosophers have long agreed that Anselm’s PROSLOGION contains what is often called the ontological argument, they do not agree about just what that argument is. In this paper, I do two things: I set out a careful, precise statement of the argument in the PROSLOGION, taking due account of the historical, personal, philosophical, and theological contexts of Anselm’s thought. Having disembarrassed the argument of some common misunderstandings and placed it in its proper setting, I argue that it is more (...)
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  25. The Ontological Argument: Descartes’ Advice to Hartshorne.R. J. Connelly - 1969 - New Scholasticism 43 (4):530-554.
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  26. On Kant’s Refutation of Metaphysics.Edward G. Ballard - 1958 - New Scholasticism 32 (2):235-252.
  27. Oakes’ New Modal Argument for the Existence of God.Linda Zagzebski - 1984 - New Scholasticism 58 (4):447-459.
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  28. Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response. [REVIEW]James Ross - 2007 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 81 (1):147-150.
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  29. The Inconceivable Popularity of Conceivability Arguments.Douglas I. Campbell, Jack Copeland & Zhuo-Ran Deng - 2017 - Philosophical Quarterly 67 (267):223-240.
    Famous examples of conceivability arguments include (i) Descartes’ argument for mind-body dualism, (ii) Kripke's ‘modal argument’ against psychophysical identity theory, (iii) Chalmers’ ‘zombie argument’ against materialism, and (iv) modal versions of the ontological argument for theism. In this paper, we show that for any such conceivability argument, C, there is a corresponding ‘mirror argument’, M. M is deductively valid and has a conclusion that contradicts C's conclusion. Hence, a proponent of C—henceforth, a ‘conceivabilist’—can be warranted in holding that C's premises (...)
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  30. The Ontological Argument.Alvin Plantinga & Jonathan Barnes - 1975 - Philosophical Review 84 (4):582.
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  31. Ontological Arguments and Belief in God.Graham Oppy - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is an interesting contribution to the philosophy of religion. It offers a comprehensive discussion of one of the most famous arguments for the existence of God: the ontological argument. The author provides and analyses a critical taxonomy of those versions of the argument that have been advanced in recent philosophical literature, as well as of those historically important versions found in the work of St Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, Hegel and others. A central thesis of the book is that (...)
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  32. Stephen Davis’s Objection to the Second Ontological Argument.Bashar Alhoch - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (1):3-9.
    Stephen Davis has argued that the second ontological argument fails as a theistic proof because it ignores the logical possibility of what he calls an ontologically impossible being. By an “ontologically impossible being” he means a being that does not exist, logically-possibly exists, and would exist necessarily if it existed. In this brief essay, I argue, first, that even if an OIB is logically possible, its logical possibility is irrelevant to the OA at issue; and second, that an OIB is (...)
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  33. The Ontological Argument and Theological Education.Dayton Haskin - 1973 - New Blackfriars 54 (635):148-156.
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  34. XV.—The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.Albert A. Cock - 1917 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 18 (1):363-384.
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  35. Hegel and the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.Paul Redding & Paolo Diego Bubbio - 2014 - Religious Studies 50 (4):465-486.
    We reconstruct Hegel’s implicit version of the ontological argument in the light of his anti-representationalist idealist metaphysics. For Hegel, the ontological argument had been a peculiarly modern form of argument for the existence of God, presupposing a ‘representationalist’ account of the mind and its concepts. As such, it was susceptible to Kant’s famous refutation, but Kant himself had provided a model for an alternative conception of concept, one developed by Fichte with his notion of the I=I. We reconstruct an Hegelian (...)
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  36. The Ontological Argument (Cambridge Classic Philosophical Arguments Series).Graham Oppy (ed.) - forthcoming - Cambridge University Press.
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  37. Gödel's Ontological Argument: History, Modifications, and Controversies.Kordula Świętorzecka (ed.) - 2015 - Semper.
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  38. Essence and Realization in the Ontological Argument.Timothy G. McCarthy - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (1):5-24.
    A persistent complaint about modal forms of the ontological argument is that the characteristic modalized existence assumptions of these arguments are simply too close to the conclusion to be of much probative value in establish­ing it. I present an abstract form of the ontological argument in which the properties imputed to the divine nature by these assumptions are replaced by any of a wide class of properties of a sort I call “actualizing.” These include basic theistic attributes such as authorship, (...)
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  39. Contradictions Are Ontological Arguments.Yuval Steinitz - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (4):505.
    Although ontological arguments had provoked many objections, most of them boil down to the claim that a purely conceptual analysis must be devoid of factual content. Thus, instead of rebutting each of these objections separately, this paper intends to convince those who deny ontological arguments to admit the existence, from their own perspectives, of at least negative ontological arguments. The paper argues that conceptual contradictions constitute arguments of this type, showing what necessarily does not exist.
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  40. Necessity and the Ontological Argument.Joel I. Friedman - 1980 - Erkenntnis 15 (3):301-331.
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  41. Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response.Daniel A. Dombrowski - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years, the ontological argument and theistic metaphysics have been criticised by philosophers working in both the analytic and continental traditions. Responses to these criticisms have primarily come from philosophers who make use of the traditional, and problematic, concept of God. In this volume, Daniel A. Dombrowski defends the ontological argument against its contemporary critics, but he does so by using a neoclassical or process concept of God, thereby strengthening the case for a contemporary theistic metaphysics. Relying on the (...)
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  42. Simple Defense of the Ontological as Argument.Brian Lang - unknown
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  43. A Review Of Modern Examinations Of The Ontological Argument.David Paul - 1989 - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 13.
    This paper is an examination of the modern criticisms of what I consider to be the most intriguing of the Ontological Arguments since Anselm wrote the first one in the 11th century. I examine Anselm's argument from Proslogium Chapter II as stated in recent years in the language of symbolic logic.
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  44. An Introduction to the Doctrines in the Ontological Argument/Theological Arguments.S. Maqami - unknown - Kheradnameh Sadra Quarterly 19.
    Philosophers speculations embrace many arguments for knowledge of God. These methods of cognition, from a particular point of view, have been logically classified under" a priori' and * a posteriori.' ones.Here the author has tried to expound, what it is well-known as the argument of righteous ones, as the a priori argument; and yet we are better to call this argument as "ontological argument".In this article, the ontological arguments, such as those of Saint Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, and Kant's critique on (...)
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  45. Goedel's Ontological Argument.Randolph Rubens Goldman - 2000 - Dissertation, University of California, Berkeley
    Godel wrote an ontological argument, which he worked on sporadically for thirty years. Godel was allegedly enthralled by the argument and believed it to be a satisfactory logical investigation in favor of the existence of God. The argument was later revised by C. Anthony Anderson. Although the argument itself is a formal one given in a third order modal logic with a property abstraction operator, the formal semantics for the argument have never been worked out. The focus of most of (...)
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  46. Plantinga's Modal Argument for the Existence of God.William Bruce Johnston - 1980 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Albany
    In this thesis we explore this argument, paying attention to the modal doctrines which Plantinga employs in his statement of the argument, and upon which its validity depends. We examine the roots of his argument, especially in relation to the criticisms which Kant raised against Ontological Arguments generally, and finally we show that, even if the argument commends itself as valid, that it is difficult, if not impossible, to show that it is sound, thus justifying the position of Leibniz that (...)
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  47. Problem : The Function of Faith in the Ontological Argument.Henry G. Wolz - 1951 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 25:151.
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  48. 'Perfection' in the Ontological Argument.Leroy T. Howe - 1972 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 46:58.
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  49. The Ontological Argument: An Exercise in Logical Analysis.Ronald Robert Basham - 1974 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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  50. Existence and Necessity: Some New Considerations on the Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.Donald Rex Gregory - 1972 - Dissertation, Vanderbilt University
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