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  1. Stephen Davis’s Objection to the Second Ontological Argument.Bashar Alhoch - 2016 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 80 (1):3-9.
    Stephen Davis has argued that the second ontological argument fails as a theistic proof because it ignores the logical possibility of what he calls an ontologically impossible being. By an “ontologically impossible being” he means a being that does not exist, logically-possibly exists, and would exist necessarily if it existed. In this brief essay, I argue, first, that even if an OIB is logically possible, its logical possibility is irrelevant to the OA at issue; and second, that an OIB is (...)
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  2. The Ontological Argument.R. E. Allen - 1961 - Philosophical Review 70 (1):56-66.
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  3. The Ontological Argument Revisited.William P. Alston - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (4):452-474.
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  4. Some Emendations of Gödel's Ontological Proof.C. Anthony Anderson - 1990 - Faith and Philosophy 7 (3):291-303.
    Kurt Gödel’s version of the ontological argument was shown by J. Howard Sobel to be defective, but some plausible modifications in the argument result in a version which is immune to Sobel’s objection. A definition is suggested which permits the proof of some of Godel’s axioms.
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  5. Newman, Anselm and Proof of the Existence of God.Leslie Armour - 1986 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 19 (1/2):87 - 93.
  6. The Ontological Argument and the Concepts of Completeness and Selection.Leslie Armour - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 14 (2):280 - 291.
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  7. The Ontological Argument Reconsidered.Oded Balaban & Asnat Avshalom - 1990 - Journal of Philosophical Research 15:279-310.
    The ontological argument--first proposed by St. Anselm and subsequently deveIoped by Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, Hegel and Marx--furnishes a key to understanding the relationship between thought and reality. In this article we shall focus on Hegel’s attitude towards the ontological argument as set out in his Science of Logic, where it appears as a paradigm of the relationship between thought and reality. It should be remarked, moreover, that our choice of the subject was not random and that it was seIected for (...)
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  8. On Kant's Refutation of Metaphysics.Edward G. Ballard - 1958 - New Scholasticism 32 (2):235-252.
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  9. Concerning the Ontological Argument.Albert G. A. Balz - 1953 - Review of Metaphysics 7 (2):207 - 224.
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  10. The Ontological Argument.Jonathan Barnes - 1972 - [New York]St. Martin's Press.
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  11. A Careful Reading of St. Anselm's Ontological Argument.Clint I. Barrett - 2011 - Philosophy and Theology 23 (2):217-230.
    Although philosophers have long agreed that Anselm’s PROSLOGION contains what is often called the ontological argument (but not by Anselm himself), they do not agree about just what that argument is. In this paper, I do two things: (1) I set out a careful, precise statement of the argument in the PROSLOGION, taking due account of the historical, personal, philosophical, and theological contexts of Anselm’s thought. (2) Having disembarrassed the argument of some common misunderstandings and placed it in its proper (...)
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  12. The Ontological Argument: An Exercise in Logical Analysis.Ronald Robert Basham - 1974 - Dissertation, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
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  13. Kant, Spinoza, and the Metaphysics of the Ontological Proof.Pierfrancesco Basile - 2010 - Metaphysica 11 (1):17-37.
    This paper provides an interpretation and evaluation of Spinoza's highly original version of the ontological proof in terms of the concept of substance instead of the concept of perfection in the first book of his Ethics. Taking the lead from Kant'€™s critique of ontological arguments in the Critique of Pure Reason, the paper explores the underlying ontological and epistemological presuppositions of Spinoza'€™s proof. The main topics of consideration are the nature of Spinoza's definitions, the way he conceives of the relation (...)
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  14. Ontological Arguments Still Fail.William H. Baumer - 1966 - The Monist 50 (1):130-144.
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  15. Proposing a Revival of the Ontological Argument (Reprinted from'Pro Fide Et Iustitia', Pp 641-656, 1984).A. Bausola - 2000 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 92 (2):349-362.
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  16. Another Note on the Ontological Argument.Ronald E. Beanblossom - 1985 - Faith and Philosophy 2 (2):175-178.
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  17. Giving the Ontological Argument Its Due.C’Zar Bernstein - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (3):665-679.
    In this paper, I shall present and defend an ontological argument for the existence of God. The argument has two premises: possibly, God exists, and necessary existence is a perfection. I then defend, at length, arguments for both of these premises. Finally, I shall address common objections to ontological arguments, such as the Kantian slogan, and Gaunilo-style parodies, and argue that they do not succeed. I conclude that there is at least one extant ontological argument that is plausibly sound.
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  18. The Dialectic of Theological Reason Reversing the Ontological, Cosmological and Teleological Arguments.Nikolai Biryukov - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:65-68.
    The famous triad of ‘rational proofs’ of God’s existence may, if their underlying intuitions are taken at face value, be reversed to prove the contrary, namely the non-existence of God. The ontological argument, for example, proceeds from the notion of God as the ‘real most’ or ‘absolutely real’ being. However, the existence of an entity thus defined must be beyond doubt, for if distinguishing between ‘levels of reality’ makes any sense at all, ‘more real’ must also mean ‘more manifest’. And (...)
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  19. Descartes' Causal Argument for the Existence of God.Bob Brecher - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (3):418 - 432.
  20. Pure Objects and the Ontological Argument.R. Brecher - 1975 - Sophia 14 (3):10-18.
  21. Does Anselm Beg the Question?Keith Burgess-Jackson - 2014 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 76 (1):5-18.
    Saint Anselm’s ontological argument for the existence of God, formulated nearly a millennium ago, continues to bedevil philosophers. There is no consensus about what, if anything, is wrong with it. Some philosophers insist that the argument is invalid. Others concede its validity but insist that it is unsound. A third group of philosophers maintain that Anselm begs the question. It has been argued, for example, that Anselm’s use of the name “God” in a premise assumes (or presupposes) precisely what has (...)
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  22. Anselm, Gaunilo, and Lost Island.Keith Burgess-Jackson - 1994 - Philosophy and Theology 8 (3):243-249.
    The received view is that Gaunilo’s attempted refutation of Anselm’s ontological argument fails. But those who believe this do not agree as to why it fails. The aim of this essay is to show that whether the attempted refutation succeeds depends crucially on how one formulates the so-called greatmaking principle on which Anselm’s argument rests . This principle has largely been ignored by contemporary philosophers, who have chosen to focus on other aspects of the argument. I sketch two analyses of (...)
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  23. Daniel A. Dombrowski: Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response. [REVIEW]Elizabeth Burns - 2009 - Heythrop Journal 50 (4):719-721.
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  24. The Ontomystical Argument Revisited.T. Ryan Byerly - 2010 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 67 (2):95 - 105.
    I argue that Alexander Pruss's ontomystical arguments should not be endorsed without further argumentative support of their premises. My specific targets are his claims that (i) Śamkara's principle is true and (ii) the high mystics had phenomenal experiences of radical dependence and as of a maximally great being. Against (i), I urge a host of counterexamples. The only ways I can see for Pruss to respond to these counterexamples end up falsifying (ii). The key problem which leads to this conclusion (...)
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  25. I. The “Ontological” Argument for the Existence of God.John F. Callahan - 1964 - The Saint Augustine Lecture Series 18:1-47.
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  26. The Inconceivable Popularity of Conceivability Arguments.Douglas I. Campbell, Jack Copeland & Zhuo-Ran Deng - forthcoming - Philosophical Quarterly.
    Famous examples of conceivability arguments include (i) Descartes’ argument for mind-body dualism, (ii) Kripke's ‘modal argument’ against psychophysical identity theory, (iii) Chalmers’ ‘zombie argument’ against materialism, and (iv) modal versions of the ontological argument for theism. In this paper, we show that for any such conceivability argument, C, there is a corresponding ‘mirror argument’, M. M is deductively valid and has a conclusion that contradicts C's conclusion. Hence, a proponent of C—henceforth, a ‘conceivabilist’—can be warranted in holding that C's premises (...)
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  27. Anselm's Three-Stage Argument-Twenty Years On.Richard Campbell - 1995 - Sophia 34 (1):32-41.
  28. The Ontological Argument and the Sin of Hubris.Toni Vogel Carey - 2005 - Philosophy Now 53:24-27.
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  29. The Ontological Argument at Work in Religion.Peter A. Carmichael - 1977 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 38 (2):247-250.
    The creeds of religion, not being open to objective review and confirmation, are subjective only. they presume that the idea internally raises the object. this is the ontological argument extended. it remains internal, of no external import, and issues in solipsism.
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  30. A Postmodern Argument From Tradition for the Existence of God.John C. Carney - 2005 - E. Mellen Press.
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  31. St. Anselm's Argument.M. J. Charlesworth - 1962 - Sophia 1 (2):25-36.
  32. XV.—The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.Albert A. Cock - 1918 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 18 (1):363-384.
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  33. The Ontological Argument for the Existence of God.Albert A. Cock - 1917 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 18:363 - 384.
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  34. The Ontological Argument.R. J. Connelly - 1969 - New Scholasticism 43 (4):530-554.
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  35. Thomas Aquinas on Anselm's Argument.Matthew R. Cosgrove - 1974 - Review of Metaphysics 27 (3):513 - 530.
  36. Does Descarte's ‛Ontological Argument' Really Stand on its Own?Donald Cress - 1973 - Studi Internazionali Di Filosofia 5:127-140.
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  37. The Ontological Argument.I. M. Crombie - 1973 - Philosophical Books 14 (2):1-2.
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  38. Questioning Gödel's Ontological Proof: Is Truth Positive?Gregor Damschen - 2011 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 3 (1):161-169.
    In his "Ontological proof", Kurt Gödel introduces the notion of a second-order value property, the positive property P. The second axiom of the proof states that for any property φ: If φ is positive, its negation is not positive, and vice versa. I put forward that this concept of positiveness leads into a paradox when we apply it to the following self-reflexive sentences: (A) The truth value of A is not positive; (B) The truth value of B is positive. Given (...)
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  39. Does the Ontological Argument Beg the Question?Stephen T. Davis - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (4):433 - 442.
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  40. The Religious Significance of the Ontological Argument.Philip E. Devine - 1975 - Religious Studies 11 (1):97 - 116.
    I discuss the religious implications of accepting the ontological argument as sound. in particular, i attempt to show in detail how the argument fails to validate religious belief.
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  41. Rethinking the Ontological Argument: A Neoclassical Theistic Response.Daniel A. Dombrowski - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years, the ontological argument and theistic metaphysics have been criticised by philosophers working in both the analytic and continental traditions. Responses to these criticisms have primarily come from philosophers who make use of the traditional, and problematic, concept of God. In this volume, Daniel A. Dombrowski defends the ontological argument against its contemporary critics, but he does so by using a neoclassical or process concept of God, thereby strengthening the case for a contemporary theistic metaphysics. Relying on the (...)
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  42. Deconstructionism and the Ontological Argument.Daniel A. Dombrowski - 2000 - American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 21 (1):3 - 18.
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  43. On the Existence and Relevance of God.Clement Dore - 1996 - St. Martin's Press.
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  44. Examination of an Ontological Argument.Clement Dore - 1975 - Philosophical Studies 28 (5):345 - 356.
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  45. A Primordial Reply to Modern Gaunilos.James Patrick Downey - 1986 - Religious Studies 22 (1):41 - 49.
    Donald R. Gregory has recently argued that the monk Gaunilo's response to St Anselm's ontological argument succeeds in showing what is fundamentally wrong with any ontological argument, including modern modal versions. He holds that the Gaunilo strategy in fact demonstrates what it alleges, that reasoning which parallels the form and intent ofAnselm's reductio argument can ‘prove’ a priori the existence of quite unacceptable entities.
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  46. The Mystagogic Structure of Anselm's Proslogion.Dominic F. Doyle - 2016 - Heythrop Journal 57 (2):282-292.
  47. Analogy and the Ontological Argument.Roger Duncan - 1980 - New Scholasticism 54 (1):25-33.
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  48. An Impossible Proof of God.Robert E. Pezet - forthcoming - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion:1-27.
    A new version of the ontological argument for the existence of God is outlined and examined. After giving a brief account of some traditional ontological arguments for the existence of God, where their defects are identified, it is explained how this new argument is built upon their foundations and surmounts their defects. In particular, this version uses the resources of impossible worlds to plug the common escape route from standard modal versions of the ontological argument. After outlining the nature of (...)
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  49. Everyman's Ontological Argument.Frank B. Ebersole - 1978 - Philosophical Investigations 1 (4):1-15.
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  50. An Emotivist Analysis of the Ontological Argument.Rem B. Edwards - 1967 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 48 (1):25.
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