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History/traditions: Parmenides

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249 found
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  1. The ontological import of Parmenides' metaphor: a reading of the proemium.Yannis Chatzantonis - manuscript
    The aim of this essay is to consider the nature of the philosophical task and of the conditions of its possibility according to Parmenides and Plato. With these thinkers, the task of the philosopher necessitates a propaedeutic activity that makes the doing of philosophy possible; that is, both Parmenides and Plato identify the need for a philosophical education that would alleviate the obstacles that would make philosophy impossible to practise, ensuring and accounting for the possibility of philosophical practice. The impossibility (...)
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  2. L'apparente contraddizione nel resoconto di Aristotele su Parmenide.L. Franchi - 2023 - Aristotle and the Eleatics.
  3. Al limite della follia (GC 325a19). L'eleatismo attraverso Aristotele.Massimo Pulpito - 2023 - In Aristotele e gli Eleati. pp. 11-42.
  4. Consciousness without Existence: Descartes, Severino and the Interpretation of Experience.Andrea Sangiacomo - 2023 - In Andrea Strazzoni & Marco Sgarbi (eds.), Reading Descartes. Consciousness, Body, and Reasoning. Florence: Firenze University Press. pp. 169-198.
    Consciousness is connected with the fact that a subject is aware and open to the manifestation of whatever appears. Existence, by contrast, is used to express the fact that something is given in experience, is present, or is real. Usually, the two notions are taken to be somehow related. This chapter suggests that existence is at best introduced as a metaphysical (or meta-experiential) concept that inevitably escapes the domain of conscious experience. In order to illustrate this claim, two case studies (...)
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  5. Reading Descartes. Consciousness, Body, and Reasoning.Andrea Strazzoni & Marco Sgarbi (eds.) - 2023 - Florence: Firenze University Press.
    This volume takes cue from the idea that the thought of no philosopher can be understood without considering it as the result of a constant, lively dialogue with other thinkers, both in its internal evolution as well as in its reception, re-use, and assumption as a starting point in addressing past and present philosophical problems. In doing so, it focuses on a feature that is crucially emerging in the historiography of early modern philosophy and science, namely the complexity in the (...)
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  6. Livio Rossetti, Verso la filosofia: nuove prospettive su Parmenide, Zenone e Melisso. [REVIEW]Benjamin Harriman - 2022 - Philosophie Antique 22.
    In this the eighth volume of the Eleatica series, the mastermind behind this wonderful tradition of conferences and subsequent publications, Livio Rossetti, provides a concise introduction to his extensive work over many years on Parmenides and the Eleatic tradition. Following in the model of previous contributions to the series, we find a detailed introduction by the volume’s editors, Rossetti’s three lectures on our three Eleatics, ten thoughtful responses by the conference participants, an...
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  7. Establishing the Logos of Melissus: A Note on Chapter 1, Hippocrates’ De natura hominis.Benjamin Harriman - 2021 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 31.
    The earliest mention of Melissus of Samos by name is found in the first chapter of the Hippocratic De natura hominis. In the following note, I attempt to examine what is meant by the reference Melissus’ ‘logos’ in this work and suggest, against previous accounts, including Galen’s, that it has little to do with his commitment to monism. Rather Melissus’ logos is better understood as his referring to his strategy for demonstrating such a conclusion, especially his use of a supplemental (...)
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  8. The Paradox of Falsehood and Non-Being.Simone Nota - 2021 - Synthesis 1 (1):7-46.
    How can we think or say what is not? If we equate what-is-not with nothing, then a thought of nothing is no thought at all; if we don’t, we are condemned to admit that what-is-not is, seemingly incurring in self-refutation. In this paper, I address this paradox through the lenses of Parmenides, Plato, Russell, and the early Wittgenstein.
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  9. Out of Thin Air? Diogenes on Causal Explanation.Bryan C. Reece - 2020 - In Hynek Bartoš & Colin Guthrie King (eds.), Heat, Pneuma, and Soul in Ancient Philosophy and Science. Cambridge, United Kingdom ; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press. pp. 106-120.
    Diogenes subscribes to a principle that, roughly, causal interaction and change require a certain sort of uniformity among the relata. Attending to this principle can help us understand Diogenes's relationship to the superficially similar Anaximenes without insisting, as some do, that Diogenes must be consciously responding to Parmenides. Diogenes is distinctive and philosophically interesting because his principle combines two senses of ‘archê’ (principle, starting-point), namely, the idea of source or origin and that of underlying (material) principle, and gives the rudiments (...)
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  10. The Concept of Motion in Ancient Greek Thought: Foundations in Logic, Method, and Mathematics.Barbara M. Sattler - 2020 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    This book examines the birth of the scientific understanding of motion. It investigates which logical tools and methodological principles had to be in place to give a consistent account of motion, and which mathematical notions were introduced to gain control over conceptual problems of motion. It shows how the idea of motion raised two fundamental problems in the 5th and 4th century BCE: bringing together being and non-being, and bringing together time and space. The first problem leads to the exclusion (...)
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  11. Figures of Motion, Figures of Being.D. M. Spitzer - 2020 - Ancient Philosophy 40 (1):1-18.
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  12. Review of L. Iribarren, Fabriquer le monde. [REVIEW]Leon Wash - 2020 - Bryn Mawr Classical Review.
  13. Aristotle and the Eleatic One.Timothy Clarke - 2019 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    In this book Timothy Clarke examines Aristotle's response to Eleatic monism, the theory of Parmenides of Elea and his followers that reality is 'one'. Clarke argues that Aristotle interprets the Eleatics as thoroughgoing monists, for whom the pluralistic, changing world of the senses is a mere illusion. Understood in this way, the Eleatic theory constitutes a radical challenge to the possibility of natural philosophy. Aristotle discusses the Eleatics in several works, including De Caelo, De Generatione et Corruptione, and the Metaphysics. (...)
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  14. Mathilde Brémond, Lectures de Mélissos. Édition, traduction et interprétation des témoignages sur Mélissos de Samos. [REVIEW]Benjamin Harriman - 2019 - Philosophie Antique 19:172-174.
    Melissus of Samos has long been due an uptick in scholarly attention. His plainly worded, workmanlike Ionic prose offers a welcome contrast to Parmenides’ Epic—and often deeply obscure—hexameters. Melissus, too, seems to have come to be something of a representative for Eleatic thought in antiquity and makes intriguing appearances in Plato’s Theaetetus and, particularly, in Aristotle’s dialectical accounts of his predecessors that have never quite received satisfactory treatment. Happily, th...
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  15. Epistemology within a theological framework - Tor mortal and divine in early greek epistemology. A study of hesiod, xenophanes and parmenides. Pp. XIV + 406. Cambridge: Cambridge university press, 2017. Cased, £90, us$120. Isbn: 978-1-107-02816-6. [REVIEW]Dariusz Kubok - 2019 - The Classical Review 69 (1):20-22.
  16. The Notion of Continuity in Parmenides.Barbara Michaela Sattler - 2019 - Philosophical Inquiry 43 (1):40-53.
    In this paper, I want to show that continuity is of crucial philosophical significance in Parmenides, who is the first thinker in the West to use the notion of continuity in a philosophically interesting and systematic way, and what being continuous (suneches) means for him. I look in some detail at the three passages in fragment 8 of Parmenides’ poem that are central for Parmenides’ notion of being suneches and discuss whether being suneches refers to something being temporally uninterrupted, spatially (...)
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  17. Being Itself and the Being of Beings: Reading Aristotle's Critique of Parmenides (Physics 1.3) after Metaphysics.Jussi Backman - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (2):271-291.
    The essay studies Aristotle’s critique of Parmenides in the light of the Heideggerian account of Platonic-Aristotelian metaphysics as an approach to being in terms of beings. Aristotle’s critique focuses on the presuppositions of the Parmenidean thesis of the unity of being. It is argued that a close study of the presuppositions of Aristotle’s own critique reveals an important difference between the Aristotelian metaphysical framework and the Parmenidean “protometaphysical” approach. The Parmenides fragments indicate being as such in the sense of the (...)
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  18. Melissus and Eleatic Monism.Benjamin Harriman - 2018 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In the fifth century BCE, Melissus of Samos developed wildly counterintuitive claims against plurality, change, and the reliability of the senses. This book provides a reconstruction of the preserved textual evidence for his philosophy, along with an interpretation of the form and content of each of his arguments. A close examination of his thought reveals an extraordinary clarity and unity in his method and gives us a unique perspective on how philosophy developed in the fifth century, and how Melissus came (...)
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  19. Fabriquer le monde. Technique et cosmogonie dans la poésie grecque archaïque.Leopoldo Iribarren - 2018 - Paris: Classiques Garnier.
    From the publisher: "Comment la technique, thème par excellence de la réflexion poétologique archaïque, devient-elle aussi le paradigme qui rend intelligible la cosmogonie dans les discours philosophiques ? C’est la question à laquelle tente de répondre ce livre à partir de textes d’Homère, Hésiode, Parménide et Empédocle.".
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  20. Parmenides and Heidegger.Andrew Milward - 2018 - Andrewmilward.Net.
    Parmenides and Heidegger is an essay about the dominance of being over thought in the history of Western philosophy. These two thinkers are chosen because of the extremity of their position. As shown, their view is that thought is being and no more.
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  21. Parmenides on Reason and Revelation.Alex Priou - 2018 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy.
    In this paper, the author argues that the revelatory form Parmenides gives his poem poses considerable problems for the account of being contained therein. The poem moves through a series of problems, each building on the last: the problem of particularity, the cause of human wandering that the goddess would have us ascend beyond ; the problem of speech, whose heterogeneity evinces its tie to experience’s particularity ; the problem of justice, which motivates man’s ascent from his “insecure” place in (...)
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  22. Colloquium 1 Commentary on Cherubin.Yale Weiss - 2018 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 33 (1):22-26.
    This commentary examines the interpretation of Parmenides developed by Rose Cherubin in her paper, “Parmenides, Liars, and Mortal Incompleteness.” First, I discuss the tensions Cherubin identifies between the definitions and presuppositions of justice, necessity, fate, and the other requisites of inquiry. Second, I critically assess Cherubin’s attribution of a sort of liar paradox to Parmenides. Finally, I argue that Cherubin’s handling of the Doxa, the section of Parmenides’ poem that deals with mortal opinion and cosmology, is unsatisfactory. I suggest that (...)
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  23. Jaap Mansfeld et al., Eleatica 2012: Melissus between Miletus and Elea. Sankt Augustin: Academia Verlag, 2016. 201 pp. [REVIEW]Benjamin Harriman - 2017 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 99 (3):346-349.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie Jahrgang: 99 Heft: 3 Seiten: 346-349.
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  24. parmenides, Sein und Welt. Die Fragmente neu übersetzt und kommentiert von Helmuth Vetter.Thomas Zimmer - 2017 - Bochumer Philosophisches Jahrbuch Fur Antike Und Mittelalter 20 (1):196-199.
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  25. Parmenides (internet Encylcopedia of Philosophy).Jeremy Curtis DeLong - 2016
    Parmenides of Elea Parmenides of Elea was a Presocratic Greek philosopher. As the first philosopher to inquire into the nature of existence itself, he is incontrovertibly credited as the “Father of Metaphysics.” As the first to employ deductive, a priori arguments to justify his claims, he competes with Aristotle … Continue reading Parmenides →.
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  26. Selected papers of J. Dalfen. J. Dalfen Parmenides – Protagoras – Platon – Marc Aurel. Kleine Schriften zur griechischen Philosophie, Politik, Religion und Wissenschaft. Pp. 556, ills. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner, 2012. Cased, €79. ISBN: 978-3-515-10211-7. [REVIEW]Manlio Fossati - 2016 - The Classical Review 66 (1):53-55.
  27. Parmenides and the Question of the One.Damian Ilodigwe - 2016 - WAJOPS West African Journal of Philosophical Studies 18:114-138.
    Parmenides is one of the greatest thinkers in the history of Western philosophy. His thought has been a major point of reference for many metaphysical discussions that define the history of philosophy. Indeed there is virtually no moment in the history of metaphysics that his thought has not been influential. It is usual to contrast his philosophy of the unchanging reality of the One with Heraclitus' philosophy of change and becoming. While his counter-intuitive denial of change is questionable the philosophical (...)
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  28. Parmenides' Likely Story.Thomas Johansen - 2016 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 50:1-29.
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  29. Being is not an object.Chiara Robbiano - 2016 - Ancient Philosophy 36 (2):263-301.
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  30. Did Parmenides hold a theory of perceiving and knowing?D. Z. Andriopoulos - 2015 - Philosophical Inquiry 39 (1):135-145.
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  31. Complicated Presence: Heidegger and the Postmetaphysical Unity of Being.Jussi Backman - 2015 - Albany: State University of New York Press.
    From its Presocratic beginnings, Western philosophy concerned itself with a quest for unity both in terms of the systematization of knowledge and as a metaphysical search for a unity of being—two trends that can be regarded as converging and culminating in Hegel’s system of absolute idealism. Since Hegel, however, the philosophical quest for unity has become increasingly problematic. Jussi Backman returns to that question in this book, examining the place of the unity of being in the work of Heidegger. Backman (...)
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  32. Olemisen oikeudenmukaisuus: laki ja järjestys esisokraattisilla ajattelijoilla.Jussi Backman - 2015 - Tiede Ja Edistys 40 (1):27-42.
    Lähtökohtanaan Jean-Paul Vernantin ja Albrecht Dihlen historialliset teesit artikkeli tarkastelee tärkeimpien ”lakia ja järjestystä” ilmaisevien käsitteiden (nomos, dikē) roolia esisokraattisten filosofien, erityisesti Anaksimandroksen, Herakleitoksen ja Parmenideen, ajattelussa. Arkaaisessa kreikkalaisessa ajatusmaailmassa sekä luonnon että ihmisyhteisön sisäinen tasapaino ilmentää moninaisen jumalmaailman ja ihmisten välistä vuorovaikutusta. Esisokraatikot ajattelevat todellisuutta eriytyneenä ykseytenä, jonka moninaisuutta sitoo yhteen yhtenäinen perusrakenne; tämän mallin uusi filosofia jäsentää uudesta polis-ajattelusta lainattujen käsitteiden avulla. Tämä esisokraatikkojen ”poliittinen ontologia” ja toisaalta nomoksen, yhteisöllisen normiston, enenevä ymmärtäminen inhimillisenä konventiona, mahdollistaa fysiksen ja nomoksen, (...)
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  33. Towards a Genealogy of the Metaphysics of Sight: Seeing, Hearing, and Thinking in Heraclitus and Parmenides.Jussi Backman - 2015 - In Antonio Cimino & Pavlos Kontos (eds.), Phenomenology and the Metaphysics of Sight. Boston: Brill. pp. 11-34.
    The paper outlines a tentative genealogy of the Platonic metaphysics of sight by thematizing pre-Platonic thought, particularly Heraclitus and Parmenides. By “metaphysics of sight” it understands the features of Platonic-Aristotelian metaphysics expressed with the help of visual metaphors. It is argued that the Platonic metaphysics of sight can be regarded as the result of a synthesis of the Heraclitean and Parmenidean approaches. In pre-Platonic thought, the visual paradigm is still marginal. For Heraclitus, the basic structure of being is its discursive (...)
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  34. Parmênides, o poeta do Logos.Juarez de Queiroz Campos Jr - 2015 - Dissertation, Puc-Rio, Brazil
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  35. Rearranging Parmenides: B1: 31-32 and a Case for an Entirely Negative Doxa.Jeremy C. DeLong - 2015 - Southwest Philosophy Review 31 (1):177-186.
    This essay explicates the primary interpretative import of B1: 31-32 in Parmenides poem (On Nature)—lines which have radical implications for the overall argument, and which the traditional arrangement forces into an irreconcilable dilemma. I argue that the “negative” reading of lines 31-32 is preferable, even on the traditional arrangement. This negative reading denies that a third thing is to be taught to the reader by the goddess—a positive account of how the apparent world is to be “acceptably” understood. I then (...)
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  36. Parmenide: suoni, immagini, esperienza. A proposito di una nuova lettura.Walter Fratticci - 2015 - Peitho 6 (1):295-330.
    This essay aims to analyse the Parmenides’ interpretation that Laura Gemelli Marciano offered in the Eleatica lectures. The scholar represents the Parmenidean Poem as a mystical experience where sounds, words and images communicate and produce a real approach to the divine reality at the same time. This intriguing reading, which closely follows that offered by Kingsley, understimates the problems and cognitive structures of rational thought in the poem. Thus Parmenides appears to be a shaman rather a philosopher.
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  37. Um estudo dos sentidos do Ser e do Éthos em Parmênides a partir da Filosofia de Martin Heidegger.Pedro Proscurcin Junior - 2015 - Sapere Aude - Revista de Filosofia 6 (12):570-581.
    The article aims to study the fragments 2 and 7 of Parmenides through Martin Heidegger’s philosophy. The study focuses on the comprehension of the Being’s investigative paths and on "the concealed sense" of the term éthos in the poem. Finally, the text is going to compare the sense of éthos established in Parmenides with the one testified by Heraclitus. The last one shows itself much more originary, as can be understood from Heidegger’s texts.
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  38. A Fourth Alternative in Interpreting Parmenides.John E. Sisko & Yale Weiss - 2015 - Phronesis 60 (1):40-59.
    According to current interpretations of Parmenides, he either embraces a token-monism of things, or a type-monism of the nature of each kind of thing, or a generous monism, accepting a token-monism of things of a specific type, necessary being. These interpretations share a common flaw: they fail to secure commensurability between Parmenides’ alētheia and doxa. We effect this by arguing that Parmenides champions a metaphysically refined form of material monism, a type-monism of things; that light and night are allomorphs of (...)
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  39. La cosmología presocrática.David Torrijos-Castrillejo - 2015 - Hypnos. Revista Do Centro de Estudos da Antiguidade 34:132-139.
    This article aims at clarifying some issues raised by a recent book of Daniel W. Graham about the Presocratic cosmology. It particularly intends to shed some light on the understanding of Anaxagoras’ universe by suggesting some reasons why, despite Graham’s opinion, it is still possible to think that the stars were flat according to him. Another goal is highlighting the importance of the comprehensive physical theory of Anaxagoras, based on a circular motion called perichoresis, which would explain diverse phenomena in (...)
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  40. What are 'True' doxai Worth to Parmenides?Matthew R. Cosgrove - 2014 - Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 46:1-31.
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  41. Jonathan Barnes et al.: Eleatica 2008: Zenone e l’infinito. [REVIEW]Gregor Damschen & Rafael Ferber - 2014 - Gnomon 86 (1):71-73.
  42. Zeno and the impossibility of analogy.Alessio Gava - 2014 - Archai: Revista de Estudos Sobre as Origens Do Pensamento Ocidental 12:25-30.
    The reductio ad absurdum has been elected by Zeno as the only method permitting to descry the true reality, invisible both to the senses and to the common way of thinking. Showing some continuity with the previous philosophers, not only in the search for a procedure in order to speculation to advance, but also on the same route departing from what is nearer, more acquainted and particular (visible) toward what is less acquainted, more distant and universal (invisible), to say it (...)
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  43. The Conception of eoikōs/eikōs as Epistemic Standard in Xenophanes, Parmenides, and in Plato’s Timaeus.Alexander P. Mourelatos - 2014 - Ancient Philosophy 34 (1):169-191.
  44. Parmenides, Ontological Enaction, and the Prehistory of Rhetoric.Thomas Rickert - 2014 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 47 (4):472-493.
    For the Greeks, O King, who make logical demonstrations, use words emptied of power, and this very activity is what constitutes their philosophy, a mere noise of words. But we [Egyptians] do not use words [logoi] but sounds [phōnai] which are full of effects.If I could tell you what it meant, there would be no point in dancing it.The Eleatic thinker Zeno was a friend, perhaps adopted son, and student of Parmenides. He is famous for his many paradoxes on space (...)
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  45. Parmenides' Grand Deduction: A Logical Reconstruction of the Way of Truth.Michael Vernon Wedin - 2014 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    Michael V. Wedin presents a rigorous reconstruction of the deductions in Parmenides' Way of Truth: the most important philosophical treatise before Plato and Aristotle. He answers criticisms which claim that Parmenides' arguments are shot through with logical fallacies, and argues against natural explanations of Parmenides in the Ionian tradition.
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  46. Likeness and Likelihood in the Presocratics and Plato. By Jenny Bryan. [REVIEW]William H. F. Altman - 2013 - Ancient Philosophy 33 (1):194-198.
  47. Modality and Predication in Parmenides’s Fragment 8 and in Subsequent Dialectic.Scott Austin - 2013 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 87 (1):87-95.
    In this paper I shall attempt to enter part of the way into the microstructure of the account of truth in the Parmenidean fragment 8, and to reveal that account as a dialectical sequence of affirmation and denial involving various kinds of modal utterance. The sequence will then be put into parallel with the first four hypotheses of the second half of Plato’s Parmenides as well as with Zeno and some of the later tradition.
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  48. Olemisen ainutkertaisuudesta ainutkertaisuuden politiikkaan: Parmenides, Heidegger, Nancy.Jussi M. Backman - 2013 - Tiede Ja Edistys 38 (2):108-124.
    Kirjoitus tarkastelee Martin Heideggerin myöhäisajattelussa esiin nousevaa olemisen ainutkertaisuuden (Einzigkeit, Einmaligkeit) teemaa ja sen edelleenkehittelyä Jean-Luc Nancyn ajattelussa. Teeman osoitetaan kytkeytyvän Heideggerin välienselvittelyyn filosofian esisokraattisen alun, erityisesti Parmenideen ajattelun kanssa. Parmenides ajattelee olemista kaikkia yksittäisiä ilmentymiään, "kuolevaisten" äärellisiä "näkemyksiä" (doksai) yhdistävänä absoluuttisen homogeenisena ja itseidenttisenä ilmeisyytenä (alētheia), todellisuuden puhtaana läsnäolona ajattelulle. Tätä vasten Heidegger ajattelee olemisen nimenomaan yksittäisten ilmentymiensä kontekstuaalisena ainutkertaisuutena, mielekkyystilanteiden ainutkertaistavana kontekstualisoitumisena. Nancy jatkaa ajatusta kuvailemalla olemista "ainutkertaiseksi-monikolliseksi" (singulier pluriel), mutta täydentää Heideggerin ajatteluun tunnetusti jäänyttä aukkoa soveltamalla ajatusta (...)
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  49. Parmenides, Cosmology and Sufficient Reason.Andrew Gregory - 2013 - Apeiron (1):1-32.
    Journal Name: Apeiron Issue: Ahead of print.
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  50. PARMENIDES - J. Palmer Parmenides and Presocratic Philosophy. Pp. xii +428. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009. Cased, £67.50, US$99 . ISBN: 978-0-19-956790-4. [REVIEW]Stavros Kouloumentas - 2013 - The Classical Review 63 (1):18-19.
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