Edited by Timothy Campbell (Rutgers University - New Brunswick)
About this topic
Summary The metaphysics of personhood primarily addresses two questions: what is the nature of persons and what are their persistence conditions across time?  Addressing the former question prompts investigations into the nature of the self (if distinct from the person), consciousness, mind, and embodiment.  Addressing the latter prompts investigations into theories of personal identity.  Because many view "person"as a thoroughly normative notion, however, its study is often connected closely to investigations into value and practical identity.
Key works Primarily metaphysical investigations into personhood are taken up repeatedly by major figures throughout the history of philosophy, from Plato to Descartes to Kant.  In the contemporary literature, there are clear discussions by Baker 2000, Olson 2007, Shoemaker 1963, and van Inwagen 2001. Personhood as a normative ("forensic") concept was introduced by John Locke, in "Of Identity and Diversity" (see Perry 1975).  Contemporary normatively-based explorations of personhood include Frankfurt 1971 and Korsgaard 1989
Introductions Gallagher 2011, Martin, Raymond and Barresi, John, eds., Personal Identity (2003).
Related categories
Subcategories:See also:History/traditions: Persons

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Material to categorize
  1. Nurslings of Immortality. [REVIEW]C. P. A. - 1958 - Review of Metaphysics 11 (3):515-515.
  2. La Nature du Fait Dans les Sciences Humaines. [REVIEW]M. A. - 1967 - Review of Metaphysics 21 (2):375-375.
  3. The Dignity of the Human Person. [REVIEW]R. A. - 1955 - Review of Metaphysics 9 (1):159-159.
  4. Book Review. Beyond Evolution: Human Nature and the Limits of Evolutionary Explanation Anthony O'Hear. [REVIEW]Nicholas Agar - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):534-537.
  5. The Concept of the Person.N. Alan - 1985 - In Michael Carrithers, Steven Collins & Steven Lukes (eds.), The Category of the Person: Anthropology, Philosophy, History. Cambridge University Press.
  6. 7 Perspective.Lars Albinus - 2016 - In Religion as a Philosophical Matter: Concerns About Truth, Name, and Habitation. De Gruyter Open. pp. 204-220.
  7. I.—Self as Subject and as Person.S. Alexander - 1911 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 11 (1):1-28.
  8. Lighthall's The Person of Evolution.D. Maurice Allan - 1931 - Journal of Philosophy 28:362.
  9. The Self in Psychology.A. H. B. Allen - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (47):378-378.
  10. The Person.Rudolf Allers - 1953 - New Scholasticism 27 (3):361-361.
  11. Pediatric Contribution to the Present Knowledge on the Neurobehavioral Status of Infants at Birth.Claudine Amiel-Tison - 1985 - In Jacques Mehler & R. Fox (eds.), Neonate Cognition: Beyond the Blooming Buzzing Confusion. Lawrence Erlbaum.
  12. Rom Harre.Personal Being as Empirical - 1991 - In Daniel Kolak & R. Martin (eds.), Self and Identity: Contemporary Philosophical Issues. Macmillan.
  13. Biological Medicine and the Survival of the Person.Henri Atlan - 1995 - Science in Context 8 (1).
  14. 11. The Concept of a Person.A. J. Ayer - 2016 - In Bernard Williams (ed.), Essays and Reviews: 1959-2002. Princeton University Press. pp. 45-47.
  15. Persons: A Study in Philosophical Psychology.Annette Baier & Raziel Abelson - 1979 - Philosophical Review 88 (1):112.
  16. Mind and Body From the Genetic Point of View.J. Mark Baldwin - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12:563.
  17. Individual and Person.Edward G. Ballard - 1957 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 18 (1):59-67.
  18. Transparency, Epistemic Impartiality, and Personhood: A Commentary on Simon Evnine'sepistemic Dimensions of Personhood.Dorit Bar-on - 2009 - Philosophical Books 50 (1):1-14.
  19. Wilson: On Human Nature. [REVIEW]Martin Barker - 1980 - Radical Philosophy 24:27.
  20. Predicting Outcomes in the Very Preterm Infant.Keith Barrington - 1st ed. 2016 - In Annie Janvier & Eduard Verhagen (eds.), Ethical Dilemmas for Critically Ill Babies. Springer Verlag.
  21. Gender and Personhood.Guillermo Barron - forthcoming - Philosophy.
  22. Becoming a Changed Person.David Bastow - 1995 - Philosophical Investigations 18 (1):49-64.
  23. Goldstein's Human Nature in the Light of Psychopathology. [REVIEW]L. W. Beck - 1941 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 2:245.
  24. Character and Deed.Lewis White Beck - 1943 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 4 (4):547-553.
  25. Langage, Sciences, Philosophie au XIIe Siècle.François Beets - 2003 - Dialogue 42 (2):382-384.
  26. A Philosophical Perspective.Miguel de Beistegui - unknown
  27. The Cultural Psychology of Self: Place, Morality and Art in Human Worlds.Ciaran Benson - 2001 - Routledge.
    Philosophers and psychologists both investigate the self, but often in isolation from one another. this book brings together studies by philosophers and psychologists in an exploration of the self and its function. It will be of interest to all those involved in philosophy, psychology and sociology.
  28. Sowing the Body.Sylvia Berryman - 1992 - The Personalist Forum 8 (2):115-118.
  29. The Social Ontology of Persons.Mark H. Bickhard - unknown
    Persons are biological beings who participate in social environments. Is human sociality different from that of insects? Is human sociality different from that of a computer or robot with elaborate rules for social interaction in its program memory? What is the relationship between the biology of humans and the sociality of persons? I argue that persons constitute an emergent ontological level that develops out of the biological and psychological realm, but that is largely social in its own constitution. This requires (...)
  30. Searle on Natural Agency.John Bishop - 1990 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 68 (3):282 – 300.
  31. Human Ontology Narratives.Rakesh Biswas - 2009 - Nova Sciences Publishers.
  32. Death and Resurrection From the Point of View of the Cell-Theory.Gustaf Bjorklund - 1911 - Philosophical Review 20:569.
  33. Do Infant Rats Cry?Mark S. Blumberg & Greta Sokoloff - 2001 - Psychological Review 108 (1):83-95.
  34. The Ontogenesis of Human Identity.Giovanni Boniolo - 2005 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 56:5-.
  35. Review of Evnine, Simon J.,Epistemic Dimensions of Personhood, New York: Oxford University Press, 2008, Pp. Viii + 176, £32.50 (Cloth). [REVIEW]Lisa Bortolotti - 2009 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):349-352.
  36. More Than Designing an Ethogram, the Implications of Choosing a Methodology in Primatology.Maria Botero - unknown
    All methodologies used to characterize mother-infant interaction includes mother, infant, and other social factors. The chief difference is how each methodology selects certain elements of this interaction as relevant. I will argue that in the context of the mother-infant interaction a methodology’s results depend on the model’s presuppositions on the nature of communication. These presupposition affects the kinds of questions asked, the kind of data obtained, and how these data are analyzed. I will show this by contrasting two different analysis (...)
  37. Jane, Meet Charles: Literature, Evolution, and Human Nature.Brian Boyd - 1998 - Philosophy and Literature 22 (1):1-30.
  38. Personality in Philosophical Theology.Ernest G. Braham - 1937 - London: the Epworth Press.
  39. Reply to Mark Lance and Rebecca Kukla's» Perception, Language, and the First Person «.Robert B. Brandom - 2010 - In Bernhard Weiss & Jeremy Wanderer (eds.), Reading Brandom: On Making It Explicit. Routledge. pp. 316--319.
  40. Action, Activity, Agent.Sebastián Briceño - 2015 - In Patricia Hanna (ed.), An Anthology of Philosophical Studies: Volume 9. Athens, Greece: Athens Institute for Education and Research. pp. 15–27.
    How is it that someone is an agent, an active being? According to a common and dominant opinion, it is in virtue of performing actions. Within this dominant trend, some claim that actions are acts of will while others claim that actions are identical with certain basic bodily movements. First I make an assessment of these traditional accounts of action and argue that neither of them can make sense of how is it that someone is an agent. Then I offer (...)
  41. Person and Reality.Edgar Sheffield Brightman - 1958 - New York: Ronald Press Co..
  42. Statistical and Identifiable Deaths.richard Brook - 2004 - In John Haldane (ed.), Philosophy and its Public Role.
  43. Der Streit um die Person.Godehard Brüntrup - 1997 - Information Philosophie 4:18-27.
  44. Postponing Passage: Doorways, Distinctions, and the Thresholds of Personhood Among Older Chicagoans.Elana D. Buch - 2015 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 43 (1):40-58.
  45. The Spiritual Emergent: Lonergan's View of Science and the Human Person.Frank Budenholzer - 2006 - Philosophy and Culture 33 (11):127-147.
    Recently, physics and life sciences, and especially the development of neuroscience, is already leading the people to accept a rigid form of reductionism. Where the human intellect, human initiative and awareness can be identified as a purely biological vocabulary to explain. This article describes the root of the Nepalese people learn Lang; This paper argues that the root Lang Nepalese understanding of human nature-bit cell based on this idea in the legislation but the two pillars, namely: the theory of knowledge (...)
  46. Sortal Essentialism and the Potentiality Principle.Michael B. Burke - 1996 - Review of Metaphysics 49 (3):491 - 514.
  47. Immortality and Meaning: Reflections on the Makropulos Debate.Mikel Burley - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (4):529-547.
    This article reflects upon the debate, initiated by Bernard Williams in 1973, concerning the desirability of immortality, where the latter expression is taken to mean endless bodily life as a human or humanoid being. Williams contends that it cannot be desirable; others have disputed this contention. I discuss a recent response from Timothy Chappell and attempt to pinpoint the central disagreement between Chappell and Williams. I propose that neither side in the debate has firm grounds for its claims, and then (...)
  48. Был ли бог стоиков личностью? (Was the Stoic God a Person?).Pavel Butakov - 2017 - ΣΧΟΛΗ: Ancient Philosophy and The Classical Tradition 11 (2):558-569.
    Peter Forrest claims that his “Personal Pantheist” conception of God is in agreement with the Stoic pantheism. The traditional interpretation, however, treats the Stoic God as the non-personal universal law. I demonstrate that arguments in favor of the personal interpretation typically imply either a personalist or an anthropocentric metaphysical foundation. I also argue that the Stoics were neither personalists nor anthropocentrists, therefore those arguments should be rejected.
  49. Relations in the Trinitarian Reality: Two Approaches.Pavel Butakov - 2014 - ΣΧΟΛΗ: Ancient Philosophy and The Classical Tradition 8 (2):505-519.
    The Greek model of the Trinity, based on the Theological Orations of Gregory of Nazianzus, treats the Trinitarian relations as connections between the Father and the two other persons: the Son and the Holy Spirit. The two relations have to be heteronymous, and have to be interpreted from the extreme realistic position. The Latin Trinitarian model, based on Boethius’ De Trinitate, treats relations as three subsistent persons. The relations have to be unidirectional: from the Father to the Son, and from (...)
  50. On Spurious Egocentricity.Jeremy Butterfield - 1984 - Analysis 44 (1):25 - 29.
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