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Philosophy of Action

Edited by Constantine Sandis (University of Hertfordshire)
Assistant editor: István Zárdai (University of Pécs, Oxford Brookes University, University of Hertfordshire)
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  1. added 2017-01-19
    Hayward Max (forthcoming). Practical Reason, Sympathy and Reactive Attitudes. Noûs.
  2. added 2017-01-17
    Jan Kyrre Berg Friis (forthcoming). Vallor, Shannon. Technology and the Virtues: A Philosophical Guide to a Future Worth Wanting. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-2.
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  3. added 2017-01-17
    Piotr Tomasz Makowski (forthcoming). Neil Roughley, Wanting and Intending. Elements of a Philosophy of Practical Mind. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-3.
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  4. added 2017-01-17
    A. Keller John (ed.) (forthcoming). Freedom, Metaphysics, and Method: Themes From van Inwagen. Oxford University Press.
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  5. added 2017-01-17
    Sami Dhouibi, Salem Neily, Sami Youssef & Roland Bonnet (forthcoming). A Semi-Coherent Interface with Nanoledges Intersecting the Free Surface of an Elastic Half-Space. Philosophical Magazine:1-17.
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  6. added 2017-01-17
    David Shoemaker (ed.) (forthcoming). Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility. Volume 4. Oxford University Press.
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  7. added 2017-01-17
    Arif Ahmed (forthcoming). Exploiting Cyclic Preference. Mind:fzv218.
    Probably many people have cyclic preferences: they prefer A to B, B to C and C to A for some objects of choice A, B and C. Recent work has resurrected the objection to cyclic preference that agents possessing them are open to exploitation by means of ‘money pumps’. The paper briefly reviews this work and proposes a general approach to problems of sequential choice that makes cyclic preference immune to exploitation by means of these new mechanisms.
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  8. added 2017-01-17
    Pascale Willemsen (forthcoming). Omissions and Expectations: A New Approach to the Things We Failed to Do. Synthese:1-28.
    Imagine you and your friend Pierre agreed on meeting each other at a café, but he does not show up. What is the difference between a friend’s not showing up meeting? and any other person not coming? In some sense, all people who did not come show the same kind of behaviour, but most people would be willing to say that the absence of a friend who you expected to see is different in kind. In this paper, I will spell (...)
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  9. added 2017-01-17
    López-Corredoira Martín (forthcoming). Free Will: Interpretations, Implementations and Assessments. Nova Science Publ..
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  10. added 2017-01-17
    Michael Brent (forthcoming). Review of "Rational and Social Agency: The Philosophy of Michael Bratman". [REVIEW] Journal of Moral Philosophy.
  11. added 2017-01-17
    Ishtiyaque Haji (forthcoming). The Obligation Dilemma. Journal of Ethics:1-25.
    I motivate a dilemma to show that nothing can be obligatory for anyone regardless of whether determinism or indeterminism is true. The deterministic horn, to which prime attention is directed, exploits the thesis that obligation requires freedom to do otherwise. Since determinism precludes such freedom, it precludes obligation too. The indeterministic horn allows for freedom to do otherwise but assumes the burden of addressing whether indeterministically caused choices or actions are too much of a matter of luck to be obligatory (...)
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  12. added 2017-01-17
    Wanja Wiese (forthcoming). Action Is Enabled by Systematic Misrepresentations. Erkenntnis:1-20.
    According to active inference, action is enabled by a top-down modulation of sensory signals. Computational models of this mechanism complement ideomotor theories of action representation. Such theories postulate common neural representations for action and perception, without specifying how action is enabled by such representations. In active inference, motor commands are replaced by proprioceptive predictions. In order to initiate action through such predictions, sensory prediction errors have to be attenuated. This paper argues that such top-down modulation involves systematic misrepresentations. More specifically, (...)
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  13. added 2017-01-17
    Natalja Deng & Klaas Landsman (forthcoming). Does Physics Make Us Free? Metascience:1-4.
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  14. added 2017-01-17
    Edmund Henden (forthcoming). Addiction as a Disorder of Self-Control. In Hanna Pickard & Serge Ahmed (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy and Science of Addiction. Routledge.
    Impairment of self-control is often said to be a defining feature of addiction. Yet many addicts display what appears to be a considerable amount of control over their drug-oriented actions. Not only are their actions clearly intentional and frequently carried out in a conscious and deliberate manner, there is evidence that many addicts are responsive to a wide range of ordinary incentives and counter-incentives. Moreover, addicts have a wide variety of reasons for using drugs, reasons which often seem to go (...)
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  15. added 2017-01-17
    Georg Spielthenner (2017). Justifying Practical Reasons. Abstracta 9 (1).
    : This paper is about the nature of practical reasons. More specifically, my primary goal is to explore when an agent has a justifying reason for action¾that is, a reason that can be used for justifying an action that has been done or that the agent is planning to do. This concept of reason is central to ethics and to practical philosophy in general. I defend an account of reason according to which a piece of practical reasoning gives an agent (...)
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  16. added 2017-01-17
    Chalmers Adam, An Offer You Can't Refuse: Systematically Exploiting Utility-Maximisers with Malicious Gambles.
    Decision theory aims to provide mathematical analysis of which choice one should rationally make in a given situation. Our current decision theory norms have been very successful, however, several problems have proven vexing for standard decision theory. In this paper, I show that these problems all share a similar structure and identify a class of problems which decision theory overvalues. I demonstrate that agents who follow current standard decision theory can be exploited and have their preferences reordered if offered decision (...)
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  17. added 2017-01-17
    L. Radoilska & K. D. Fletcher, Lessons From Akrasia in Substance Misuse: A Clinicophilosophical Discussion.
    This article explores the philosophical concept of akrasia, also known as weakness of will, and demonstrates its relevance to clinical practice. In particular, it challenges an implicit notion of control over one’s actions that might impede recovery from substance misuse. Reflecting on three fictional case vignettes, we show how philosophical work on akrasia helps avoid this potentially harmful notion of control by supporting a holistic engagement with people for whom substance misuse is a problem. We argue that such engagement enhances (...)
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  18. added 2017-01-17
    Trujillo Jr (2016). Reasons to Care About Reasons for Action. Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (2):43-48.
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  19. added 2017-01-17
    Martin Marchman Andersen & Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen (2016). Personal Responsibility and Lifestyle Diseases. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine 41 (5):480-499.
    What does it take for an individual to be personally responsible for behaviors that lead to increased risk of disease? We examine three approaches to responsibility that cover the most important aspects of the discussion of responsibility and spell out what it takes, according to each of them, to be responsible for behaviors leading to increased risk of disease. We show that only what we call the causal approach can adequately accommodate widely shared intuitions to the effect that certain causal (...)
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  20. added 2017-01-17
    Robyn R. Gaier (2016). Comments on “Moral Excuses and Blame-Based Theories of Moral Wrongness” by Benjamin Rossi. Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (2):53-55.
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  21. added 2017-01-17
    David Ingram (2016). Appendix A: Explaining Action. In Habermas: Introduction and Analysis. Cornell University Press. pp. 329-330.
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  22. added 2017-01-17
    James M. Joyce (2016). Arif Ahmed: Evidence, Decision and Causality. Journal of Philosophy 113 (4):224-232.
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  23. added 2017-01-17
    Jessica Anne Brown, Blame and Wrongdoing.
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  24. added 2017-01-17
    Joshua Rollins (2016). Comments on “The Modal-Knowno Problem,” by Robert William Fischer and Felipe Leon. Southwest Philosophy Review 32 (2):81-86.
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  25. added 2017-01-17
    John Bengson (2016). Practical Perception and Intelligent Action. Philosophical Issues 26 (1):25-58.
    Perceiving things to be a certain way may in some cases lead directly to action that is intelligent. This phenomenon has not often been discussed, though it is of broad philosophical interest. It also raises a difficult question: how can perception produce intelligent action? After clarifying the question—which I call the question of “practical perception”—and explaining what is required for an adequate answer, I critically examine two candidate answers drawn from work on related topics: the first, inspired by Hubert Dreyfus's (...)
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  26. added 2017-01-17
    Daniel Whiting, Against Second-Order Reasons.
    A normative reason for a person to? is a consideration which favours?ing. A motivating reason is a reason for which or on the basis of which a person?s. This paper explores a connection between normative and motivating reasons. More specifically, it explores the idea that there are second-order normative reasons to? for or on the basis of certain first-order normative reasons. In this paper, I challenge the view that there are second-order reasons so understood. I then show that prominent views (...)
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  27. added 2017-01-17
    Jesse M. Mulder (2016). Why Intentions? Ratio 29 (4).
    There is an influential conception of intentional agency in terms of just beliefs and desires. And there is an equally influential conception that adds intentions as separate ingredients. It remains disputed whether adding intentions is really necessary, and what difference that addition exactly makes. I argue that adding intentions is required, but only because and insofar as it makes room for a distinctively practical kind of reasoning. I critically consider Bratman's main considerations in support of adding intentions, viz., conduct-control, inertia, (...)
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  28. added 2017-01-17
    James Andow & Florian Cova, Why Compatibilist Intuitions Are Not Mistaken: A Reply to Feltz and Millan.
    In the past decade, a number of empirical researchers have suggested that laypeople have compatibilist intuitions. In a recent paper, Feltz and Millan have challenged this conclusion by claiming that most laypeople are only compatibilists in appearance and are in fact willing to attribute free will to people no matter what. As evidence for this claim, they have shown that an important proportion of laypeople still attribute free will to agents in fatalistic universes. In this paper, we first argue that (...)
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  29. added 2017-01-17
    Dane Shade Hannum (2016). Criminal Justice Without Moral Responsibility. Stance 9:51-58.
    This paper grants the hard determinist position that moral responsibility is not coherent with a deterministic world view and examines hard determinist alternatives to traditional punishment. I claim that hard determinist accounts necessarily involve consequentialist reasoning and discuss problems stemming from them. I also argue that a revised model of traditional consequentialism called complex consequentialism, a view in which multiple values may be considered as ends, provides the best moral framework for a hard determinist account. Ultimately, I examine a criminal (...)
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  30. added 2017-01-17
    Thomas M. Lennon (2016). The Will’s Free Choice. International Philosophical Quarterly 56 (4):411-427.
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  31. added 2017-01-17
    Pink Thomas (2016). Self-Determination: The Ethics of Action, Volume 1. Oxford University Press.
    Do we have control of how we act, and does it matter to morality whether we do? Thomas Pink examines this free will problem by arguing that what matters to morality is not in fact the freedom to do otherwise, but something more primitive, a basic capacity or power to determine for ourselves what we do.
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  32. added 2017-01-17
    John Skalko & Mark J. Cherry (2016). Bioethics and Moral Agency: On Autonomy and Moral Responsibility. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy: A Forum for Bioethics and Philosophy of Medicine 41 (5):435-443.
    Two clusters of essays in this issue of The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy provide a critical gaze through which to explore central moral, phenomenological, ontological, and political concerns regarding human moral agency and personal responsibility. The first cluster challenges common assumptions in bioethics regarding the voluntariness of human actions. The second set turns the debate towards morally responsible choice within the requirements of distributive justice. The force of their collective analysis leaves us with a well-founded basis critically to approach (...)
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  33. added 2017-01-17
    Ewan Rodgers, Decision Theory with a Human Face: An Interview with Richard Bradley.
    Richard Bradley’s written a new book about decision theory. We decided to ask him some questions about it.
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  34. added 2017-01-17
    James Andow & Florian Cova, Why Compatibilist Intuitions Are Not Mistaken: A Reply to Feltz and Millan.
    In the past decade, a number of empirical researchers have suggested that laypeople have compatibilist intuitions. In a recent paper, Feltz and Millan have challenged this conclusion by claiming that most laypeople are only compatibilists in appearance and are in fact willing to attribute free will to people no matter what. As evidence for this claim, they have shown that an important proportion of laypeople still attribute free will to agents in fatalistic universes. In this paper, we first argue that (...)
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  35. added 2017-01-17
    Ioan Biriș (2015). Rationality and Transitivity in Social Explanation: Logical-Mathematical Aspects. Balkan Journal of Philosophy 7 (1):65-70.
    The term “rationality” is applied to many different things, from beliefs and preferences to decisions and choices, actions and behaviors, people, collectivities, andinstitutions. Therefore this paper will limit its considerations only to social preferences and choices in order to clarify the role of rationality in social explanation. The paper will focus on degrees of rationality, calling upon the concept of transitivity for help.
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  36. added 2017-01-17
    Kamila Wojdyło (2015). „Workaholism“ Does Not Always Mean Workaholism...? - About the Controversial Nomenclature in the Research on Work Addiction. Polish Psychological Bulletin 46 (1):133-136.
    This article attempts to point out the main problem in research on workaholism, namely over-use of the term workaholism when describing symptoms or constructs which are not related to work addiction. Workaholism has one, negative pathological/dysfunctional form and can be differentiated from the healthy forms of over-engagement. Based on the analysis of one example of research results, this article explains that the nomenclature of „workaholic“ is not applicable to the case of over-engaged employees with healthy symptoms. The second aim of (...)
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  37. added 2017-01-17
    Michael Mckenna Randolph Clarcke & M. Smith Angela (eds.) (2015). The Nature of Moral Responsibility. Oxford University Press.
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  38. added 2017-01-17
    Olle Blomberg (2015). Rational and Social Agency: The Philosophy of Michael Bratman. [REVIEW] Journal of Social Ontology 1 (2):377-379.
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  39. added 2017-01-17
    Robert Wutscher & Walter E. Block (2014). Ordinal Or Cardinal Utility: A Note. Studia Humana 3 (1):27-37.
    Modern microeconomic theory is based on a foundation of ordinal preference relations. Good textbooks stress that cardinal utility functions are artificial constructions of convenience, and that economics does not attribute any meaning to “utils.” However, we argue that despite this official position, in practice mainstream economists rely on techniques that assume the validity of cardinal utility. Doing so has turned mainstream economic theorizing into an exercise of reductionism of objects down to the preferences of ‘ideal type’ subjects.
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  40. added 2017-01-17
    Michael Pauen (2014). 1. Naturalizing Free Will – Empirical and Conceptual Issues. In Christoph Lumer (ed.), Morality in Times of Naturalising the Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 45-62.
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  41. added 2017-01-17
    Jackson Liz (2014). Beliefs and Blameworthiness. Stance 7:7-17.
    In this paper, I analyze epistemic blameworthiness. After presenting Michael Bergmann’s definition of epistemic blameworthiness, I argue that his definition is problematic because it does not have a control condition. I conclude by offering an improved definition of epistemic blameworthiness and defending this definition against potential counterexamples.
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  42. added 2017-01-17
    Fabio Bacchini at al (ed.) (2014). New Advances in Causation, Agency and Moral Responsibility.
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  43. added 2017-01-17
    John Broome (2013). Enkrasia. Organon F 20 (4):425-436.
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  44. added 2017-01-17
    Byeong-Uk Yi (2013). Conditionals and a Two-Envelope Paradox. Journal of Philosophy 110 (5):233-257.
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  45. added 2017-01-17
    Anthony Brueckner & Christopher T. Buford (2011). Bailey on Incompatibilism and the “No Past Objection”. Logos and Episteme 2 (4):613-617.
    In ”Incompatibilism and the Past,” Andrew Bailey engages in a thorough investigation of what he calls the "No Past Objection" to arguments for incompatibilism.This is an objection that stems from the work of Joseph Keim Campbell and that has generated an Interesting literature. Bailey ends by offering his own answer to the No Past Objection by giving his own argument for incompatibilism, an argument that he claims to be immune to the objection. We have some observations to make regarding what (...)
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  46. added 2017-01-17
    Ned Markosian (2011). A Simple Solution to the Two Envelope Problem. Logos and Episteme 2 (3):347-357.
    Various proposals have been made for solving The Two Envelope Problem. But even though the problem itself is easily stated and quite simple, the proposedsolutions have not been. Some involve calculus, some involve considerations about infinite values, and some are complicated in other ways. Moreover, there is not yet any one solution that is widely accepted as correct. In addition to being notable for its simplicity and its lack of a generally agreed-upon solution, The Two Envelope Problem is also notable (...)
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  47. added 2017-01-17
    H. Meadwell (2010). Explanations Without Causes and Causes Without Reasons. Social Science Information 49 (4):539-562.
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  48. added 2017-01-17
    Bart Streumer, Reasons, Impossibility and Efficient Steps: Reply to Heuer.
    Ulrike Heuer argues that there can be a reason for a person to perform an action that this person cannot perform, as long as this person can take efficient steps towards performing this action. In this reply, I first argue that Heuer’s examples fail to undermine my claim that there cannot be a reason for a person to perform an action if it is impossible that this person will perform this action. I then argue that, on a plausible interpretation of (...)
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  49. added 2017-01-17
    Meyer Olaf & Janssen André (2009). Legislative Intention and the CISG. In Olaf Meyer & André Janssen (eds.), Cisg Methodology. Sellier de Gruyter.
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  50. added 2017-01-17
    Burkhard Reis & Dorothea Frede (2009). Aristotle on Desire and Action. In Burkhard Reis & Dorothea Frede (eds.), Body and Soul in Ancient Philosophy. Walter de Gruyter.
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