This category needs an editor. We encourage you to help if you are qualified.
Volunteer, or read more about what this involves.
Related categories

705 found
Order:
1 — 50 / 705
Material to categorize
  1. Legal Fictions and the Essence of Robots: Thoughts on Essentialism and Pragmatism in the Regulation of Robotics.Fabio Fossa - 2018 - In Mark Coeckelbergh, Janina Loh, Michael Funk, Joanna Seibt & Marco Nørskov (eds.), Envisioning Robots in Society – Power, Politics, and, Public Space. Amsterdam: pp. 103-111.
    The purpose of this paper is to offer some critical remarks on the so-called pragmatist approach to the regulation of robotics. To this end, the article mainly reviews the work of Jack Balkin and Joanna Bryson, who have taken up such ap- proach with interestingly similar outcomes. Moreover, special attention will be paid to the discussion concerning the legal fiction of ‘electronic personality’. This will help shed light on the opposition between essentialist and pragmatist methodologies. After a brief introduction (1.), (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  2. The Automaton Chronicles.Stephen Cave & Kanta Dihal - 2018 - Nature 2018 (559):473-475.
    A brief history of affective responses to AI.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  3. A Case for Machine Ethics in Modeling Human-Level Intelligent Agents.Robert James M. Boyles - 2018 - Kritike 12 (1):182–200.
    This paper focuses on the research field of machine ethics and how it relates to a technological singularity—a hypothesized, futuristic event where artificial machines will have greater-than-human-level intelligence. One problem related to the singularity centers on the issue of whether human values and norms would survive such an event. To somehow ensure this, a number of artificial intelligence researchers have opted to focus on the development of artificial moral agents, which refers to machines capable of moral reasoning, judgment, and decision-making. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Surviving Global Risks Through the Preservation of Humanity's Data on the Moon.Alexey Turchin & D. Denkenberger - 2018 - Acta Astronautica:in press.
    Many global catastrophic risks are threatening human civilization, and a number of ideas have been suggested for preventing or surviving them. However, if these interventions fail, society could preserve information about the human race and human DNA samples in the hopes that the next civilization on Earth will be able to reconstruct Homo sapiens and our culture. This requires information preservation of an order of magnitude of 100 million years, a little-explored topic thus far. It is important that a potential (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  5. Physikalismus, Willensfreiheit, Künstliche Intelligenz.Marius Backmann & Jan G. Michel (eds.) - 2009 - Paderborn: mentis.
    Die Debatten zu den Themen Physikalismus, Willensfreiheit und Künstliche Intelligenz stehen seit einigen Jahren im Mittelpunkt der Philosophie des Geistes. -/- In den Debatten um den Physikalismus geht es dabei u.a. um folgende Fragen: Lässt sich alles, was es gibt, physikalisch erklären – auch der menschliche Geist? Lässt sich alles auf das Physische reduzieren? Ist der Bereich des Physischen kausal geschlossen? Realisiert das Physische das Mentale? Wie lässt sich mentale Verursachung erklären? -/- In den Debatten um Willensfreiheit fragt man sich: (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  6. Dewey, Enactivism and Greek Thought.Matthew Crippen - 2016 - In Roman Madzia & Matthaus Jung (eds.), Pragmatism and Embodied Cognitive Science: From Bodily Interaction to Symbolic Articulation. De Gruyter. pp. 229-246.
    In this chapter, I examine how Dewey circumnavigated debates between empiricists and a priorists by showing that active bodies can perform integrative operations traditionally attributed to “inner” mechanisms, and how he thereby realized developments at which the artificial intelligence, robotics and cognitive science communities only later arrived. Some of his ideas about experience being constituted through skills actively deployed in cultural settings were inspired by ancient Greek sources. Thus in some of his more radical moments, Dewey refined rather than invented (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  7. A Patch for the Simulation Argument.N. Bostrom & M. Kulczycki - 2011 - Analysis 71 (1):54-61.
    This article reports on a newly discovered bug in the original simulation argument. Two different ways of patching the argument are proposed, each of which preserves the original conclusion.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  8. Early-Connectionism Machines.Roberto Cordeschi - 2000 - AI and Society 14 (3-4):314-330.
    In this paper I put forward a reconstruction of the evolution of certain explanatory hypotheses on the neural basis of association and learning that are the premises of connectionism in the cybernetic age and of present-day connectionism. The main point of my reconstruction is based on two little-known case studies. The first is the project, published in 1913, of a hydraulic machine through which its author believed it was possible to simulate certain essential elements of the plasticity of nervous connections. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  9. Operators Vs. Arguments: The Ins and Outs of Reification.Antony Galton - 2006 - Synthese 150 (3):415-441.
    So-called ‘reified temporal logics’ were introduced by researchers in Artificial Intelligence (AI) in the early 1980s, and gave rise to a long-running series of debates concerning the proper way to represent states, events, causation, action, and other notions identified as crucial to the knowledge representation needs of AI. These debates never resulted in a definitive resolution of the issues under discussion, and indeed continue to produce aftershocks to the present day; none the less, we are now sufficiently far removed in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  10. Computers, Minds, and Conduct.Graham Button, Jeff Coulter, John R. E. Lee & Wes Sharrock - 1995 - Polity.
    This book provides a sustained and penetrating critique of a wide range of views in modern cognitive science and philosophy of the mind, from Turing's famous test for intelligence in machines to recent work in computational linguistic theory. While discussing many of the key arguments and topics, the authors also develop a distinctive analytic approach. Drawing on the methods of conceptual analysis first elaborated by Wittgenstein and Ryle, the authors seek to show that these methods still have a great deal (...)
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   6 citations  
  11. The Blackwell Guide to Philosophy of Mind.Stephen P. Stich & Ted A. Warfield (eds.) - 2003 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    Comprising a series of specially commissioned chapters by leading scholars, this comprehensive volume presents an up-to-date survey of the central themes in the philosophy of mind. It leads the reader through a broad range of topics, including Artificial Intelligence, Consciousness, Dualism, Emotions, Folk Psychology, Free Will, Individualism, Personal Identity and The Mind-Body Problem. Provides a state of the art overview of philosophy of mind. Contains 16 newly-commissioned articles, all of which are written by internationally distinguished scholars. Each chapter reviews a (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12. Guest Editors’ Introduction.James Delgrande & Jérôme Lang - 2015 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 44 (2):111-115.
    This special issue presents a selection of papers in Knowledge Representation in Artificial Intelligence , intended to illustrate the depth and breadth of current research in the area. It comes just over 25 years since a similar special issue of the Journal of Philosophical Logic appeared on the topic Philosophical Logic and Artificial Intelligence [15]. This latter special issue covered work addressing the use of logic, in one form or another, for representing and reasoning with knowledge. The papers of the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  13. Philosophy and Computer Science.Timothy R. Colburn - 2000
  14. Machinations Computational Studies of Logic, Language, and Cognition.Richard Spencer-Smith & S. B. Torrance - 1992
  15. The Impact of Ai on Philosophy.Margaret A. Boden - 1991 - School of Cognitive and Computing Sciences, University of Sussex.
  16. Computational Philosophy of Science.Paul Thagard - 1988
  17. Superminds People Harness Hypercomputation, and More.Selmer Bringsjord & Michael John Zenzen - 2003
  18. Qu’est-ce que l'informatique ?Franck Varenne - 2009 - Paris: Vrin.
    Que peut bien être l’informatique pour nous envahir à ce point? Se fondant sur des travaux récents de philosophie de l’informatique, ce livre revient sur la notion de Machine de Turing et sur la Thèse de Church : l’ordinateur peut-il tout simuler? . Eclairant les notions de computation et d’abstraction à la lumière de celles de simulation et d’ontologie, il montre en quoi l’informatique n’est ni simplement une branche des mathématiques, ni une technologie de l’information, mais une technologie des croisements (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  19. Philosophical Perspectives in Artificial Intelligence by Martin D. Ringle. [REVIEW]Norbert Hornstein - 1981 - Journal of Philosophy 78 (7):408-415.
  20. Principles of Knowledge Representation.Gerhard Brewka - 2002 - Center for the Study of Language and Inf.
  21. The Philosophical Impetus for Computer-Assisted Intelligence Research.H. Hrachovec - 1990 - Philosophische Rundschau 37 (4):278-297.
  22. From Classification to Indexing: How Automation Transforms the Way We Think.F. Allan Hanson - 2004 - Social Epistemology 18 (4):333-356.
    To classify is to organize the particulars in a body of information according to some meaningful scheme. Difficulty recognizing metaphor, synonyms and homonyms, and levels of generalization renders those applications of artificial intelligence that are currently in widespread use at a loss to deal effectively with classification. Indexing conveys nothing about relationships; it pinpoints information on particular topics without reference to anything else. Keyword searching is a form of indexing, and here artificial intelligence excels. Growing reliance on automated means of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  23. Mind, Nature and the Emerging Science of Change: An Introduction to Metamorphology.James Wilk - 1999 - In S. Smets J. P. Van Bendegem G. C. Cornelis (ed.), Metadebates on Science. Vub-Press & Kluwer. pp. 71--87.
    Over these few short pages, I should like to offer you a brief introduction, or rather, a lengthy invitation, to an emerging field of scientific study. Rather than attempt, impossibly, to convey the richness of the tapestry, and its significance, I shall confine myself instead to drawing your attention to just a few of the threads running through it, and say a little about why I think these threads worth pursuing.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  24. How Just Could a Robot War Be?Peter Asaro - 2008 - In P. Brey, A. Briggle & K. Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. Ios Press. pp. 50--64.
  25. Minnesota Center for the Philosophy of Science Although the Last International Conference on Cybernetics Was Held in 1955, the Ensuing Blitzkrieg of Articles and Books in the Overlapping Areas of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer Simu.Keith Gunderson - 1968 - In Raymond Klibansky (ed.), Contemporary Philosophy. Firenze, la Nuova Italia. pp. 2--416.
  26. Computer Go: A Grand Challenge to AI.Xindi Cai & I. I. Wunsch - 2007 - In Wlodzislaw Duch & Jacek Mandziuk (eds.), Challenges for Computational Intelligence. Springer. pp. 443--465.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  27. Art and Robotics: Sixty Years of Situated Machines. [REVIEW]Simon Penny - 2013 - AI and Society 28 (2):147-156.
    This paper pursues the intertwined tracks of robotics and art since the mid 20th century, taking a loose chronological approach that considers both the devices themselves and their discursive contexts. Relevant research has occurred in a variety of cultural locations, often outside of or prior to formalized robotics contexts. Research was even conducted under the aegis of art or cultural practices where robotics has been pursued for other than instrumental purposes. In hindsight, some of that work seems remarkably prescient of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  28. Does Computation Reveal Machine Cognition?Prakash Mondal - 2014 - Biosemiotics 7 (1):97-110.
    This paper seeks to understand machine cognition. The nature of machine cognition has been shrouded in incomprehensibility. We have often encountered familiar arguments in cognitive science that human cognition is still faintly understood. This paper will argue that machine cognition is far less understood than even human cognition despite the fact that a lot about computer architecture and computational operations is known. Even if there have been putative claims about the transparency of the notion of machine computations, these claims do (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  29. Kaj Elgstrand and Nils F. Petersson (Editors): OSH for Development. [REVIEW]Richard Ennals - 2010 - AI and Society 25 (3):375-376.
  30. Connectionism and Artificial Intelligence as Cognitive Models.Daniel Memmi - 1990 - AI and Society 4 (2):115-136.
    The current renewal of connectionist techniques using networks of neuron-like units has started to have an influence on cognitive modelling. However, compared with classical artificial intelligence methods, the position of connectionism is still not clear. In this article artificial intelligence and connectionism are systematically compared as cognitive models so as to bring out the advantages and shortcomings of each. The problem of structured representations appears to be particularly important, suggesting likely research directions.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  31. Law, Liability and Expert Systems.Dr Joseph A. Cannataci - 1989 - AI and Society 3 (3):169-183.
    This paper examines some of the possible legal implications of the production, marketing and use of expert systems. The relevance of a legally useful definition of expert systems, comprising systems designed for use both by laymen and professionals, is related to the distinctions inherent in the legal doctrine underlying provision of goods and provision of services. The liability of the sellers and users of, and contributors to, expert systems are examined in terms of professional malpractice as well as product liability. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  32. Bringing Up Turing's 'Child-Machine'.Susan G. Sterrett - 2012 - In S. Barry Cooper (ed.), How the World Computes. pp. 703--713.
    Turing wrote that the “guiding principle” of his investigation into the possibility of intelligent machinery was “The analogy [of machinery that might be made to show intelligent behavior] with the human brain.” [10] In his discussion of the investigations that Turing said were guided by this analogy, however, he employs a more far-reaching analogy: he eventually expands the analogy from the human brain out to “the human community as a whole.” Along the way, he takes note of an obvious fact (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (9 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  33. Where the Action Is: A Conversation Analytic Perspective on Interaction Between a Humanoid Robot, a Co-Present Adult and a Child with an ASD.Paul Dickerson, Ben Robins & Kerstin Dautenhahn - 2013 - Interaction Studies 14 (2):297-316.
    This paper examines interaction involving a child with an Autistic Spectrum Disorder, a humanoid robot and a co-present adult. In this paper data from one child (collected as part of the ROBOSKIN project) is analysed in order to evaluate the potential contributions of a conversation analytic perspective to the examination of data relating to socio-emotional reciprocity. The paper argues for the value of treating all interaction as potentially relevant, looking without carefully pre-defined target behaviours and examining behaviour within its specific (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  34. Modelling Artificial Cognition in Biosemiotic Terms.Maria Isabel Aldinhas Ferreira & Miguel Gama Caldas - 2013 - Biosemiotics 6 (2):245-252.
    Stemming from Uexkull’s fundamental concepts of Umwelt and Innenwelt as developed in the biosemiotic approach of Ferreira 2010, 2011, the present work models mathematically the semiosis of cognition and proposes an artificial cognitive architecture to be deployed in a robotic structure.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  35. Representation, Analytic Pragmatism and AI.Raffaela Giovagnoli - 2013 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic Raffaela Giovagnoli (ed.), Computing Nature. pp. 161--169.
    Our contribution aims at individuating a valid philosophical strategy for a fruitful confrontation between human and artificial representation. The ground for this theoretical option resides in the necessity to find a solution that overcomes, on the one side, strong AI (i.e. Haugeland) and, on the other side, the view that rules out AI as explanation of human capacities (i.e. Dreyfus). We try to argue for Analytic Pragmatism (AP) as a valid strategy to present arguments for a form of weak AI (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  36. The Machine Question: Critical Perspectives on AI, Robots, and Ethics. By David J. Gunkel.Dominika Dzwonkowska - 2013 - International Philosophical Quarterly 53 (1):91-93.
  37. Higher Level Intelligence in Machines.Jitesh Dundas & Maurice Ling - 2011 - Human-Level Intelligence 2:2.
    here has been a large number of studies in neurological sciences on how human brain works, especially in reading and parallel information processing. So I think this statement is really sweeping. Perhaps it is better to knowledge the abilities of human brains and to comment on the limitations of the human brain. The book “Adapt” by Tim Hartford advocates micro-step changes. An important aspect in this area is to understand the processes involved behind the scenes so that it gives us (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  38. Mind, Brain and Intellectual Machine in the Digital Age.Abby Thomas - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 34:49-55.
    In this presentation we shall discuss the nature of mind vis-a-vis the brain and computers. Such a comparison presumes a general equivalence of brains and computers and models the brain as a huge biological computer, with consciousness added. The uniqueness of Mind in the lines of ancient Indian thought has been accpted as the basic concept in the analysis. Regarding the chief difference between mind and brain, material of the mind is taken to be subtle matter.The brain is made of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  39. Conscience.Jeffrey Benjamin White - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 10:437-444.
    This work introduces the ACTWith model of moral cognition. This is a model of conscience and conscientious agency, inspired by Socratic philosophy, neurology and artificial intelligence. The ACTWith model is a synthesis across these disciplines, integrating ancient and contemporary insights into the human condition, while distilling this synthesis into a practicable dynamic simplified via architectural paradigms imported from theories of computational models of human learning. It was developed in response to the need in these fields for a clear articulation of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  40. Teddy Bears, Tarnagotchis, Transgenic Mice.Dagmar Schmauks - 2000 - Sign Systems Studies 28:309-324.
    The expression "artificial animal" denotes a range of different objects from teddy bears to the results of genetic engineering. As a basis for further investigation, this article first of all presents the main interpretations and traces their systematic interconnections. The subsequent sections concentrate on artificial animals in the context of play. The development of material toys is fueled by robotics. It gives toys artificial sense organs, limbs, and cognitive abilities, thus enabling them to act in the real world. The second (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  41. Architectures of Intelligent Systems.David Kirsh - 1992 - Exploring Brain Functions:293-321.
    Theories of intelligence can be of use to neuroscientists if they: 1. Provide illuminating suggestions about the functional architecture of neural systems; 2. Suggest specific models of processing that neural circuits might implement. The objective of our session was to stand back and consider the prospects for this interdisciplinary exchange.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  42. Inteligencia ambiental.María G. Navarro - 2011 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 15:184-205.
    Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) are intended to develop, maintain and administrate information using computer systems, communication networks, portable dispositives, etc. In addition to that, this paper deals with ICT’s power to create new contexts: what is called digital ambiences. According to the author the design and even the concept of these intelligent ambiences has problems that have to do both with the use of reasoning and the display of inferential and interpretative processes to interact with the social context in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  43. Cognition and Decision in Biomedical Artificial Intelligence: From Symbolic Representation to Emergence. [REVIEW]Vincent Rialle - 1995 - AI and Society 9 (2-3):138-160.
    This paper presents work in progress on artificial intelligence in medicine (AIM) within the larger context of cognitive science. It introduces and develops the notion ofemergence both as an inevitable evolution of artificial intelligence towards machine learning programs and as the result of a synergistic co-operation between the physician and the computer. From this perspective, the emergence of knowledge takes placein fine in the expert's mind and is enhanced both by computerised strategies of induction and deduction, and by software abilities (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  44. Distributed Artificial Intelligence From a Socio-Cognitive Standpoint: Looking at Reasons for Interaction. [REVIEW]Maria Miceli, Amedo Cesta & Paola Rizzo - 1995 - AI and Society 9 (4):287-320.
    Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) deals with computational systems where several intelligent components interact in a common environment. This paper is aimed at pointing out and fostering the exchange between DAI and cognitive and social science in order to deal with the issues of interaction, and in particular with the reasons and possible strategies for social behaviour in multi-agent interaction is also described which is motivated by requirements of cognitive plausibility and grounded the notions of power, dependence and help. Connections with (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  45. Confirmation and the Computational Paradigm (Or: Why Do You Think They Call Itartificial Intelligence?). [REVIEW]David J. Buller - 1993 - Minds and Machines 3 (2):155-181.
    The idea that human cognitive capacities are explainable by computational models is often conjoined with the idea that, while the states postulated by such models are in fact realized by brain states, there are no type-type correlations between the states postulated by computational models and brain states (a corollary of token physicalism). I argue that these ideas are not jointly tenable. I discuss the kinds of empirical evidence available to cognitive scientists for (dis)confirming computational models of cognition and argue that (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  46. Communication From an Artificial Intelligence Perspective: Theoretical and Applied Issues.Andrew Ortony, Jon Slack & Oliviero Stock (eds.) - 1992 - Springer.
    Theoretical and Applied Issues Edited by Andrew Ortony Jon Slack Oliviero Stock NATO ASI Series Series F: Computer and Systems Sciences, Vol. 100 Communication from an Artificial Intelligence Perspective NATO ASI Series Advanced ...
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  47. Hitoshi Iba, Yoshihiko Hasegawa, and Topon Kumar Paul: Applied Genetic Programming and Machine Learning. [REVIEW]Osman Hassab Elgawi - 2012 - Minds and Machines 22 (4):381-383.
  48. Is "Cognitive Neuroscience" an Oxymoron?Dan Lloyd - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (4):283-286.
    Could "cognitive neuroscience" be an oxymoron? "Cognitive" and "neuroscience" cohere only to the extent that the entities identified as "cognitive" can be coordinated with entities identified as neural. This coordination is typically construed as intertheoretic reduction between "levels" of scientific description. On the cognitive side, folk psychological concepts crystallize into behavioral taxonomies, which are further analyzed into purported cognitive capacities. These capacities are expressed or operationalized in paradigmatic experimental tasks. These cogs comprise a stable ontology, sustaining more than a century (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  49. Computer Science and the Ideology of Artificial Intelligence.G. Graham White - 1994 - In Andrzey Bronk (ed.), Tendencies and Problems in Contemporary Philosophy.
  50. Minds and Computers: An Introduction to AI, by Matt Carter.Nicholas Everitt - 2008 - Philosophy Now 68:41-42.
1 — 50 / 705