Philosophy of Biology

Edited by Manolo Martínez (Universitat de Barcelona)
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  1. added 2018-06-20
    Jane Carruthers, National Park Science: A Century of Research in South Africa , 554 pp., illus., bibl., $67.72 Hardback, ISBN 9781107191440. [REVIEW]Peder Anker - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  2. added 2018-06-20
    A Latin American Perspective to Agricultural Ethics.Cristian Timmermann - forthcoming - In Eduardo Rivera-López & Martín Hevia (eds.), Controversies in Latin American Bioethics. Dordrecht: Springer.
    The mixture of political, social, cultural and economic environments in Latin America, together with the enormous diversity in climates, natural habitats and biological resources the continent offers, make the ethical assessment of agricultural policies extremely difficult. Yet the experience gained while addressing the contemporary challenges the region faces, such as rapid urbanization, loss of culinary and crop diversity, extreme inequality, disappearing farming styles, water and land grabs, malnutrition and the restoration of the rule of law and social peace, can be (...)
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  3. added 2018-06-20
    Food Landscapes: An Object-Centered Model of Food Appreciation.Matteo Ravasio - 2018 - The Monist 101 (3):309-323.
    In this paper I claim that Allen Carlson’s object-centered model for the aesthetic appreciation of nature could be extended to food. The application of an object-centered model to food requires the identification of appropriate foci of appreciative attention. I claim that knowledge about food function and history is relevant to its appreciation, as is the interplay between the resources of a territory and the way in which these are used by its inhabitants. After having offered a brief application of the (...)
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  4. added 2018-06-19
    Where Do You Get Your Protein? Or: Biochemical Realization.Tuomas E. Tahko - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Biochemical kinds such as proteins pose interesting problems for philosophers of science, as they can be studied from the points of view of both biology and chemistry. The relationship between the biological functions of biochemical kinds and the microstructures that they are related to is the key question. This leads us to a more general discussion about ontological reductionism, microstructuralism, and multiple realization at the biology-chemistry interface. On the face of it, biochemical kinds seem to pose a challenge for ontological (...)
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  5. added 2018-06-17
    The search of “canonical” explanations for the cerebral cortex.Alessio Plebe - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):40.
    This paper addresses a fundamental line of research in neuroscience: the identification of a putative neural processing core of the cerebral cortex, often claimed to be “canonical”. This “canonical” core would be shared by the entire cortex, and would explain why it is so powerful and diversified in tasks and functions, yet so uniform in architecture. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the search for canonical explanations over the past 40 years, discussing the theoretical frameworks informing this research. (...)
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  6. added 2018-06-16
    Study of the Population Dynamics of Busseola Fusca, Maize Pest.Janvier Pesser Ntahomvukiye, Anatole Temgoua & Samuel Bowong - forthcoming - Acta Biotheoretica.
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  7. added 2018-06-16
    Combining Causal Bayes Nets and Cellular Automata: A Hybrid Modelling Approach to Mechanisms.Alexander Gebharter & Daniel Koch - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
    Causal Bayes nets (CBNs) can be used to model causal relationships up to whole mechanisms. Though modelling mechanisms with CBNs comes with many advantages, CBNs might fail to adequately represent some biological mechanisms because—as Kaiser (2016) pointed out—they have problems with capturing relevant spatial and structural information. In this paper we propose a hybrid approach for modelling mechanisms that combines CBNs and cellular automata. Our approach can incorporate spatial and structural information while, at the same time, it comes with all (...)
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  8. added 2018-06-15
    John H. Zammito, The Gestation of German Biology: Philosophy and Physiology from Stahl to Schelling , 523 pp., $45.00 Cloth, ISBN: 9780226520797. [REVIEW]Lynn K. Nyhart - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  9. added 2018-06-15
    Stephen Hilgartner, Reordering Life: Knowledge and Control in the Genomics Revolution , 368 pp., $35.00 Hardcover ISBN: 9780262035866. [REVIEW]Robin Wolfe Scheffler - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  10. added 2018-06-15
    Prosthetic Figures in Advance.Apple Igrek - forthcoming - Environmental Philosophy.
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  11. added 2018-06-15
    Susan Merrill Squier, Epigenetic Landscapes: Drawings as Metaphor , 280 pp., 21 b&w illus., $25.95 Paperback, ISBN: 978-0-8223-6872-4. [REVIEW]Andrew S. Yang - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  12. added 2018-06-14
    Primary Cilia Reconsidered in the Context of Ciliopathies: Extraciliary and Ciliary Functions of Cilia Proteins Converge on a Polarity Theme?Kiet Hua & Russell J. Ferland - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  13. added 2018-06-14
    Dietary Micronutrients Promote Neuronal Differentiation by Modulating the Mitochondrial‐Nuclear Dialogue.Kui Xie & Allan Sheppard - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  14. added 2018-06-14
    Neuroimaging Studies Illustrate the Commonalities Between Ageing and Brain Diseases.James H. Cole - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  15. added 2018-06-14
    Energy From ATP‐Hydrolysis Does Not Drive Biological Reactions ….Andrew Moore - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  16. added 2018-06-14
    A Scientist's Guide to Impactful Science Communication: A Priori Goals, Collaborative Assessment, and Engagement with Youth.Eileen A. Hebets - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  17. added 2018-06-14
    Agent‐Based Modeling in Molecular Systems Biology.Mohammad Soheilypour & Mohammad R. K. Mofrad - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  18. added 2018-06-14
    Consumer Choice and Collective Impact.Julia Nefsky - 2018 - In Mark Budolfson, Tyler Doggett & Anne Barnhill (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Food Ethics. New York, USA: Oxford University Press. pp. 267-286.
    Taken collectively, consumer food choices have a major impact on animal lives, human lives, and the environment. But it is far from clear how to move from facts about the power of collective consumer demand to conclusions about what one ought to do as an individual consumer. In particular, even if a large-scale shift in demand away from a certain product (e.g., factory-farmed meat) would prevent grave harms or injustices, it typically does not seem that it will make a difference (...)
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  19. added 2018-06-14
    Two Theoretical Dimensions of the Cyber Hate Crime.Cesar Rommel Salas - 2017 - Social Research 1 (01):1-4.
    The impact and relationship between technologies and society establish the development of certain adaptive models, based on coexistence (Human-information-Machine), as well as several behavioral and cognitive changes of the human being, and new models of influence and social control through ubiquitous communication. which is the basis of a new social units called "virtual communities". The rupture of social norms that accompanies rapid social change, and subsequently the appearance of sub-cultural values establishes gaining status of participation in criminal activities, the components (...)
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  20. added 2018-06-14
    Modelo de Aprendizaje Biocibernetico BLM.Cesar Rommel Salas - 2017 - Computers and Society.
    La educación en el periodo digital en el que vivimos está alcanzando retos nunca antes vistos, precedidos por fenómenos que involucran no solamente a unidades sociales tradicionales, sino también a las nuevas comunidades virtuales; innovar es difícil, es un reto, no obstante, hay que pensar en nuevos métodos de enseñanza que impacten a la actual generación de estudiantes, los mismos que llegan con nuevas necesidades y expectativas. La construcción del conocimiento desde el sujeto y el mundo virtual que lo rodea, (...)
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  21. added 2018-06-14
    Antropología de la Informática Social: Teoría de la Convergencia Tecno-Social.Cesar Rommel Salas - 2016 - Computers and Society.
    El humanismo tradicional del siglo XX, inspirado por la cultura del libro, se distanció sistemáticamente de la nueva sociedad de la información digital; el Internet y las herramientas de procesamiento de información revolucionaron el mundo, la sociedad en el transcurso de este periodo desarrolló ciertas características adaptativas, basadas en la convivencia (Humano – Maquina), esta transformación establece su base en el impacto de tres segmentos tecnológicos: Los dispositivos, las aplicaciones y la infraestructura de comunicación social, las cuales están envueltas en (...)
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  22. added 2018-06-13
    A Review of Leonardo Caffo and Azzurra Muzzonigro’s “Costruire Futuri: Migrazioni, Città, Immaginazioni”. [REVIEW]Steven Umbrello - forthcoming - Journal of Futures Studies 22 (4).
    Modernism has provided a strong case for technoprogressivism, innovation and speculation on future possibilities. However, drastic and often devastating consequences have followed modernism such as global warming and mass biodiversity loss. In Leonardo Caffo and Azzurra Muzzonigro’s new book, a case for posthumanism as a means for envisioning and rethinking futures studies is argued and practical means by which those futures can be realized are outlined.
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  23. added 2018-06-13
    Moving to a Posthuman Technosphere: A Review of Tecnosfera: Proiezioni Per Un Futuro Postumano. [REVIEW]Steven Umbrello - forthcoming - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology.
    A new book by Roberto Marchesini, Tecnosfera, is reviewed. Technosfera serves as an in-depth exploration of the concept of techne and its relation to humanist and posthumanist thought for professionals. The book's core methodology is to explore the geneaological, linguistic and philosophical differences between the humanist and posthumanist concepts of techne and show how the latter is less contentious and favourable. The book is informationally dense, well-argued and academically current, providing seasoned scholars with a novel exploratory approach to posthumanist theory.
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  24. added 2018-06-12
    Ben A. Minteer, Jane Maienschein, and James P. Collins, The Ark and Beyond: The Evolution of Zoo and Aquarium Conservation , 528 pp., 51 halftones, 2 line drawings, 6 tables, $35.00 Paper, ISBN: 9780226538327. [REVIEW]Miles A. Powell - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  25. added 2018-06-11
    Gregg’s Paradox and Cladistic Taxonomy.Paul Needham - 1986 - In Paul Needham & Jan Odelstad (eds.), Changing Positions: Essays Dedicated to Lars Lindahl. Uppsala, Sverige: pp. 151-166.
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  26. added 2018-06-09
    Review of John Bickle's Philosophy of Neuroscience: A Ruthlessly Reductive Approach. [REVIEW]Cory Wright - 2004 - Theory and Psychology 14:855–857.
  27. added 2018-06-09
    The Effect of Blockade of NMDA and Metabotropic Glutamate5 (mGluR5) Receptors in Nicotine-Dependent Rats.Paul J. Kenny, Cory Wright, F. Gasparini & Athina Markou - 2003 - Behavioural Pharmacology 12 (1):S52.
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  28. added 2018-06-09
    Hypocretin Regulates Brain Reward Function and Cocaine Consumption in Rats.Benjamin Boutrel, Paul J. Kenny, Cory Wright, R. Winsky, S. Specio, George Koob, Athina Markou & L. De Lecea - 2003 - Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 29:879.7.
    Hypocretin regulates brain reward function and cocaine consumption in rats. The hypocretinergic (Hcrt) system is implicated in energy homeostasis, feeding and sleep regulation. Hypocretinergic cell bodies are located in the lateral hypothalamus (LH) and project throughout the brain. The aim of the present studies was to investigate the role of the Hcrt system in regulating brain reward function and the reinforcing properties of cocaine in rats. Intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) thresholds provide an accurate measure of brain reward function in rats. Here (...)
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  29. added 2018-06-09
    Stimulation of mGluR2/3 Receptors Precipitates Nicotine Withdrawal in Rats: Role of mGluR5 and NMDA Receptors.Paul J. Kenny, Cory Wright, Fabrizio Gasparini & Athina Markou - 2001 - Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 27:376.2.
    Elevations in brain stimulation reward (BSR) thresholds have been observed in rats undergoing nicotine withdrawal and have been proposed as a sensitive measure of the negative affective state associated with nicotine withdrawal. mGluR are presynaptic autoreceptors that decrease glutamate release when stimulated. The aim of this study was to examine the role of glutamate neurotransmission in nicotine dependence. The mGluR agonist LY314582 (2.5–7.5 mg/kg) precipitated nicotine withdrawal as measured by elevations in BSR thresholds in nicotine-treated rats but not in controls. (...)
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  30. added 2018-06-08
    Temperature‐Controlled Rhythmic Gene Expression in Endothermic Mammals: All Diurnal Rhythms Are Equal, but Some Are Circadian.Marco Preußner & Florian Heyd - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  31. added 2018-06-08
    Hunger and Satiety Signaling: Modeling Two Hypothalamomedullary Pathways for Energy Homeostasis.Kazuhiro Nakamura & Yoshiko Nakamura - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  32. added 2018-06-08
    Frankenstein or a Submarine Alkaline Vent: Who Is Responsible for Abiogenesis?Elbert Branscomb & Michael J. Russell - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  33. added 2018-06-08
    Synapse Pruning: Mitochondrial ROS with Their Hands on the Shears.James N. Cobley - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  34. added 2018-06-08
    Stress‐Induced Depression: Is Social Rank a Predictive Risk Factor?Thomas Larrieu & Carmen Sandi - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  35. added 2018-06-08
    Concise Language Promotes Clear Thinking About Cell Shape and Locomotion.Lillian K. Fritz‐Laylin, Samuel J. Lord, Mallory Kakley & R. Dyche Mullins - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  36. added 2018-06-08
    Hydra Regeneration: Closing the Loop with Mechanical Processes in Morphogenesis.Erez Braun & Kinneret Keren - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  37. added 2018-06-08
    Understanding Immune Tolerance of Cancer: Re‐Purposing Insights From Fetal Allografts and Microbes.Megan B. Barnet, Prunella Blinman, Wendy Cooper, Michael J. Boyer, Steven Kao & Christopher C. Goodnow - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  38. added 2018-06-08
    If We Want a Lottery in Research Funding, Let's Split Our Bets, and Save Something for Later ….Andrew Moore - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (6).
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  39. added 2018-06-08
    The Domain Relativity of Evolutionary Contingency.Cory Travers Lewis - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):25.
    A key issue in the philosophy of biology is evolutionary contingency, the degree to which evolutionary outcomes could have been different. Contingency is typically contrasted with evolutionary convergence, where different evolutionary pathways result in the same or similar outcomes. Convergences are given as evidence against the hypothesis that evolutionary outcomes are highly contingent. But the best available treatments of contingency do not, when read closely, produce the desired contrast with convergence. Rather, they produce a picture in which any degree of (...)
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  40. added 2018-06-07
    Generador de Genes (Gengen).Gabriel Garduño-Soto & Hugo Padilla Chacón - manuscript
    Algorithmical procedure within a logical system to generate DNA chains through a formal rule up to the generation of a STOP codon's signal. Work developped under the direction of the Mexican Professor Hugo Padilla Chacón.
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  41. added 2018-06-07
    Between Social and Biological Heredity: Cope and Baldwin on Evolution, Inheritance, and Mind.David Ceccarelli - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-34.
    In the years of the post-Darwinian debate, many American naturalists invoked the name of Lamarck to signal their belief in a purposive and anti-Darwinian view of evolution. Yet Weismann’s theory of germ-plasm continuity undermined the shared tenet of the neo-Lamarckian theories as well as the idea of the interchangeability between biological and social heredity. Edward Drinker Cope, the leader of the so-called “American School,” defended his neo-Lamarckian philosophy against every attempt to redefine the relationship between behavior, development, and heredity beyond (...)
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  42. added 2018-06-07
    Correction To: Graphical Representation and Similarity Analysis of DNA Sequences Based on Trigonometric Functions.Guo-Sen Xie, Xiao-Bo Jin, Chunlei Yang, Jiexin Pu & Zhongxi Mo - forthcoming - Acta Biotheoretica.
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  43. added 2018-06-07
    A Unified Cognitive Model of Visual Filling-In Based on an Emergic Network Architecture.David Pierre Leibovitz - 2013 - Dissertation, Carleton University
    The Emergic Cognitive Model (ECM) is a unified computational model of visual filling-in based on the Emergic Network architecture. The Emergic Network was designed to help realize systems undergoing continuous change. In this thesis, eight different filling-in phenomena are demonstrated under a regime of continuous eye movement (and under static eye conditions as well). -/- ECM indirectly demonstrates the power of unification inherent with Emergic Networks when cognition is decomposed according to finer-grained functions supporting change. These can interact to raise (...)
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  44. added 2018-06-06
    David Storey, Naturalizing Heidegger: His Confrontation With Nietzsche, His Contributions to Environmental Philosophy. [REVIEW]Chad Engelland - 2015 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2015:09.11.
  45. added 2018-06-04
    A Multi-Scale View of the Emergent Complexity of Life: A Free-Energy Proposal.Casper Hesp, Maxwell Ramstead, Axel Constant, Paul Badcock, Michael David Kirchhoff & Karl Friston - forthcoming - In Michael Price & John Campbell (eds.), Evolution, Development, and Complexity: Multiscale Models in Complex Adaptive Systems.
    We review some of the main implications of the free-energy principle (FEP) for the study of the self-organization of living systems – and how the FEP can help us to understand (and model) biotic self-organization across the many temporal and spatial scales over which life exists. In order to maintain its integrity as a bounded system, any biological system - from single cells to complex organisms and societies - has to limit the disorder or dispersion (i.e., the long-run entropy) of (...)
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  46. added 2018-06-03
    Jutta Schickore, About Method: Experimenters, Snake Venom, and the History of Writing Scientifically , 316 pp., $50.00 Cloth, ISBN: 9780226449982. [REVIEW]Evan Hepler-Smith - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  47. added 2018-06-03
    Absolute Determinism and Lack of Free Will.Ulrich De Balbian - 2018 - Oxford: Create Space.
    Determinism from the 1st and 3rd person perspective as well as the universal point of reference aee dealt with. This is to show the absence of free will in the last perspective and the illusion of it when seen from the first two perspectives. ‘Free’ choice is dealt with as well as the absence of free will and the consequences of determinism for law and court judgements are explored. So, what if any, is the place and the role of God (...)
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  48. added 2018-06-03
    Molecular Pathways and the Contextual Explanation of Molecular Functions.Giovanni Boniolo & Raffaella Campaner - 2018 - Biology and Philosophy 33 (3-4):24.
    Much of the recent philosophical debate on causation and causal explanation in the biological and biomedical sciences has focused on the notion of mechanism. Mechanisms, their nature and epistemic roles have been tackled by a range of so-called neo-mechanistic theories, and widely discussed. Without denying the merits of this approach, our paper aims to show how lately it has failed to give proper credit to processes, which are central to the field, especially of contemporary molecular biology. Processes can be summed (...)
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  49. added 2018-06-02
    Whewell on Classification and Consilience.Aleta Quinn - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 1 (64):65-74.
    In this paper I sketch William Whewell’s attempts to impose order on classificatory mineralogy, which was in Whewell’s day (1794e1866) a confused science of uncertain prospects. Whewell argued that progress was impeded by the crude reductionist assumption that all macroproperties of crystals could be straightforwardly explained by reference to the crystals’ chemical constituents. By comparison with biological classification, Whewell proposed methodological reforms that he claimed would lead to a natural classification of minerals, which in turn would support advances in causal (...)
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  50. added 2018-06-02
    The Social Turn in Moral Psychology.Mark Fedyk - 2017 - MIT Press.
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