Philosophy of Biology

Edited by Manolo Martínez (Universitat de Barcelona)
232 found
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  1. added 2018-08-16
    María Jesús Santesmases. The Circulation of Penicillin in Spain: Health, Wealth and Authority , XI, 239 pp., 8 b/w 1 color illus., $99.99 Hardcover, ISBN: 978-3-319-69717-8. [REVIEW]Angela N. H. Creager - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  2. added 2018-08-15
    Replisome-Cohesin Interfacing: A Molecular Perspective.Sara Villa-Hernández & Rodrigo Bermejo - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  3. added 2018-08-15
    Agonism Management Through Agonistic Vocal Signaling in Subterranean Rodents: A Neglected Factor Facilitating Sociality?Gabriel Francescoli & Cristian Schleich - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-10.
    Communication is inherent to social relationships. Previous papers addressed the correlation between social and communicative complexity, and the origin of sociality in rodents. In subterranean social species, as the number of animals in the same burrow increases, so do interindividual contact rates. This is because of limitations in actually used tunnel length and diameter, leading to an increasing number of agonistic situations probably resulting in time loss, threatening, and fighting with danger of injuries. To avoid this, social species are expected (...)
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  4. added 2018-08-14
    Addressing Cancer Chemotherapeutic Toxicity, Resistance, and Heterogeneity: Novel Theranostic Use of DNA‐Encoded Small Molecule Libraries.Gerald Kolodny, Xiaoyu Li & Steven Balk - forthcoming - Bioessays:1800057.
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  5. added 2018-08-14
    Sexual Difference and Sexual Equality.Alison M. Jaggar - 1990 - In Deborah L. Rhode (ed.), Theoretical Perspectives on Sexual Difference. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.
  6. added 2018-08-13
    For the Synthesis Was a Boojum, You See. [REVIEW]Ehud Lamm - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews:0-0.
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  7. added 2018-08-12
    First Principles in the Life Sciences: The Free-Energy Principle, Organicism, and Mechanism.Matteo Colombo & Cory Wright - forthcoming - Synthese.
    The free-energy principle claims that biological systems behave adaptively maintaining their physical integrity only if they minimize the free energy of their sensory states. Originally proposed to account for perception, learning, and action, the free-energy principle has been applied to the evolution, development, morphology, and function of the brain, and has been called a “postulate,” a “mandatory principle,” and an “imperative.” While it might afford a theoretical foundation for understanding the complex relationship between physical environment, life, and mind, its epistemic (...)
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  8. added 2018-08-11
    Jainism and Environmental Ethics: An Exploration.Piyali Mitra - forthcoming - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.
    In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine some of the key concepts of Jaina religion from an environmental perspective. The paper focuses on Jain’s parasparopagraho jīvānām or interconnectedness. The common concerns between Jainism and environmentalism constituted in a mutual sensitivity towards living beings, a recognition of the interconnectedness of life forms and a programme to augment awareness to respect and protect living systems. The paper will also investigate how ahiṃsā or non-violence is understood in the Jain community (...)
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  9. added 2018-08-11
    Proceedings of the First Vietnamese-French Joint Conference on Applications of Mathematics to Ecology, Bio-Economics, Epidemiology and Health Care: Hanoi and Tuanchau, Vietnam, December 12–15, 2016. [REVIEW]Doanh Nguyen-Ngoc & Tri Nguyen-Huu - forthcoming - Acta Biotheoretica.
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  10. added 2018-08-10
    Jainism and Environmental Ethics: An Exploration.Piyali Mitra - forthcoming - Journal of Indian Council of Philosophical Research.
    In this paper, an attempt has been made to examine some of the key concepts of Jaina religion from an environmental perspective. The paper focuses on Jain’s parasparopagraho jīvānām or interconnectedness. The common concerns between Jainism and environmentalism constituted in a mutual sensitivity towards living beings, a recognition of the interconnectedness of life forms and a programme to augment awareness to respect and protect living systems. The paper will also investigate how ahiṃsā or non-violence is understood in the Jain community (...)
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  11. added 2018-08-10
    How Acts of Infidelity Promote DNA Break Repair: Collision and Collusion Between DNA Repair and Transcription.Priya Sivaramakrishnan, Alasdair J. E. Gordon, Jennifer A. Halliday & Christophe Herman - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  12. added 2018-08-09
    Posthumanism: A Fickle Philosophy?Steven Umbrello - forthcoming - Con Texte 1 (2).
    Defining posthumanism as a single, well-oriented philosophy is a difficult if not impossible endeavour. Part of the reason for this difficulty is accounted by posthumanism’s illusive origins and its perpetually changing hermeneutics. This short paper gives a brief account of the ecological trend in contemporary posthumanism and provides a short prescription for the future of posthumanist literature and potential research avenues.
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  13. added 2018-08-08
    The Actomyosin Cytoskeleton Drives Micron‐Scale Membrane Remodeling In Vivo Via the Generation of Mechanical Forces to Balance Membrane Tension Gradients.Seham Ebrahim, Jian Liu & Roberto Weigert - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  14. added 2018-08-07
    Understanding Animal Evolution: The Added Value of Sponge Transcriptomics and Genomics.Emmanuelle Renard, Sally P. Leys, Gert Wörheide & Carole Borchiellini - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  15. added 2018-08-07
    Stress Runs Deep and Long: Identification of Molecular Biomarkers of Childhood Stress in Adults.Nirmalya Chatterjee - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  16. added 2018-08-06
    Ecological Hierarchy and Biodiversity.Christopher Lean & Kim Sterelny - 2016 - In Justin Garson, Anya Plutynski & Sahotra Sarkar (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Biodiversity. London: Routledge. pp. 56 - 68.
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  17. added 2018-08-05
    Adverse Childhood Experiences Run Deep: Toxic Early Life Stress, Telomeres, and Mitochondrial DNA Copy Number, the Biological Markers of Cumulative Stress.Kathryn K. Ridout, Mariam Khan & Samuel J. Ridout - forthcoming - Bioessays:1800077.
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  18. added 2018-08-04
    Knowledge Transfer in Theoretical Ecology: Implications for Incommensurability, Voluntarism, and Pluralism.Justin Donhauser & Jamie Shaw - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    Well-known epistemologies of science have implications for how best to understand knowledge transfer (KT). Yet, to date, no serious attempt has been made explicate these particular implications. This paper infers views about KT from two popular epistemologies; what we characterize as incommensurabilitist views (after Devitt 2001; Bird 2002, 2008; Sankey and Hoyningen-Huene 2013) and voluntarist views (after van Fraassen 1984; Dupré 2001; Chakravartty 2015). We argue views of the former sort define the methodological, ontological, and social conditions under which research (...)
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  19. added 2018-08-03
    Does Calorie Restriction in Primates Increase Lifespan? Revisiting Studies on Macaques and Mouse Lemurs.Eric Le Bourg - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  20. added 2018-08-03
    Informative Ecological Models Without Ecological Forces.Justin Donhauser - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Sagoff (2016) criticizes widely used “theoretical” methods in ecology; arguing that those methods employ models that rely on problematic metaphysical assumptions and are therefore uninformative and useless for practical decision-making. In this paper, I show that Sagoff misconstrues how such model-based methods work in practice, that the main threads of his argument are problematic, and that his substantive conclusions are consequently unfounded. Along the way, I illuminate several ways the model-based inferential methods he criticizes can be, and have been, usefully (...)
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  21. added 2018-08-02
    Developmental Roles and Evolutionary Significance of AMPA‐Type Glutamate Receptors.Shinobu Hirai, Kohji Hotta & Haruo Okado - forthcoming - Bioessays.
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  22. added 2018-08-01
    The instability of field experiments: building an experimental research tradition on the rocky seashores.Jean-Baptiste Grodwohl, Franco Porto & Charbel N. El-Hani - 2018 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 40 (3):45.
    In many experimental sciences, like particle physics or molecular biology, the proper place for establishing facts is the laboratory. In the sciences of population biology, however, the laboratory is often seen as a poor approximation of what occurs in nature. Results obtained in the field are usually more convincing. This raises special problems: it is much more difficult to obtain stable, repeatable results in the field, where environmental conditions vary out of the experimenter’s control, than in the laboratory. We examine (...)
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  23. added 2018-07-31
    Brad Peyton, dir. Rampage. 2018. Film.Christian Ross - forthcoming - Journal of the History of Biology:1-3.
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  24. added 2018-07-29
    Rethinking Causation in Cancer with Evolutionary Developmental Biology.Katherine E. Liu - forthcoming - Biological Theory:1-15.
    Despite the productivity of basic cancer research, cancer continues to be a health burden to society because this research has not yielded corresponding clinical applications. Many proposed solutions to this dilemma have revolved around implementing organizational and policy changes related to cancer research. Here I argue for a different solution: a new conceptualization of causation in cancer. Neither the standard molecular biomarker approaches nor evolutionary biology approaches to cancer fully capture its complex causal dynamics, even when considered jointly. These approaches (...)
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  25. added 2018-07-29
    On Quantity and Quality in Human Knowledge.Jorge Wagensberg - 2015 - Biological Theory 10 (3):273-280.
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  26. added 2018-07-29
    Mathematical Model and Simulation of Retina and Tectum Opticum of Lower Vertebrates.U. an der Heiden & G. Roth - 1987 - Acta Biotheoretica 36 (3):179-212.
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  27. added 2018-07-28
    Giacomo Casanova Und Die Medizin des 18. Jahrhunderts by Sabine Herrmann. [REVIEW]Heiko Stoff - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):471--473.
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  28. added 2018-07-28
    Missing Links: The African and American Worlds of R.L. Garner, Primate Collector by Jeremy Rich. [REVIEW]Marion Thomas - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):476--480.
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  29. added 2018-07-28
    John Ray's Cambridge Catalogue (1660) by P.H. Oswald, C.D. Preston. [REVIEW]Alexander Wragge-Morley - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):470--471.
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  30. added 2018-07-28
    Alfred Kühn (1885 Bis 1968) - Ein Forscherleben by Reinhard Mocek. [REVIEW]Michael T. Ghiselin - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):474--475.
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  31. added 2018-07-28
    Evolving. The Human Effect and Why It Matters by Daniel J. Fairbanks. [REVIEW]Allan Larson - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):625--626.
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  32. added 2018-07-28
    Without Offending Humans: A Critique of Animal Rights by Elizabeth De Fontenay, Will Bishop. [REVIEW]Jason Price - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):627--628.
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  33. added 2018-07-28
    Golden Holocaust: Origins of the Cigarette Catastrophe and the Case for Abolition by Robert Proctor. [REVIEW]Wayne Hall - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):482--484.
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  34. added 2018-07-28
    Microscope Slides in the Life Sciences: Material, Epistemic and Symbolic Objects: Introduction.Ilana Löwy - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):309--318.
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  35. added 2018-07-28
    Nervous Disease in Late Eighteenth-Century Britain: The Reality of a Fashionable Disorder by Heather R. Beatty. [REVIEW]Sean Dyde - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):623--624.
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  36. added 2018-07-28
    From Scientific Object to Commemorated Victim: The Children of the "Spiegelgrund".Paul Weindling - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):415--430.
    The legacy of German medical research in the era of National Socialism remains contentious, as regards identification of victims, and the appropriate handling of scientific specimens. These questions are acutely posed by the scientific slides, brain sections, and other body parts of victims, who were killed for research. These slides continued to be held by Austrian and German scientific institutes in the second half of the twentieth century. That scientists continued research on these slides between 1945 and the late 1980s (...)
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  37. added 2018-07-28
    Changing the Scale: Slides and Electron Microscopy at the Virus Laboratory of the Pasteur Institute.Jean-Paul Gaudillière - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):395--414.
    Slides are material objects, the daily existence of which cannot be diassociated from the practice of microscopy. But what happens to slides when the examination tool is no longer an optical apparatus but an electon microscope? This is the core issue this paper examines. The answer it proposes is that electron microscope slides are not slides in the classical sense of the word but complex arrangements of materials including plates, cards, photographs and notebooks, which constitute an imaginary "slide, "an assemblage (...)
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  38. added 2018-07-28
    The Afterlife of the Slide: Exploring Emotional Attachment to Artefactualised Bodily Traces.Bronwyn Parry - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):431--447.
    In this paper I explore the role of the slide, not as familiar scientific object, but rather as a fixed remnant that testifies to the lived experience of an individual. Returning to the scene of the public scandal that surrounded the unauthorised retention of children’s organs and tissues at two British hospitals in the late 1990s, I investigate the emotional significance that here came to be attached to archived slides. In so doing I draw attention to the ways in which (...)
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  39. added 2018-07-28
    Autonomous Mathematical Models: Constructing Theories of Metabolic Control.Josephine Donaghy - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):533-552.
    This paper considers how the relationship between mathematical models and theories in biology may change over time, on the basis of a historical analysis of the development of a mathematical model of metabolism, metabolic control analysis, and its relationship to theories of metabolic control. I argue that one can distinguish two ways of characterising the relationship between models and theories, depending on the stage of model and/or theory development that one is considering: partial independence and autonomy. Partial independence describes a (...)
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  40. added 2018-07-28
    Scientific Method in Brief by Hugh G. Gauch Jr. [REVIEW]Sean A. Valles - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):488--489.
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  41. added 2018-07-28
    Induction of Visibility: Reflections on Histological Slides, Drawing Visual Hypotheses and Aesthetic-Epistemic Actions.Erna Fiorentini - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):379--394.
    This paper focuses on histological slides and on the strategies of visual transformation of Santiago Ramón y Cajal. His practices and concepts reveal that not only the slides as such and their images have cognitive and aesthetic values crucial to the epistemic gain about the original material, but also the processes that unveil and reassess these values during observation and imaging. Therefore, considering the nature of these processes contributes to - besides the inquiry about the slides themselves - disclosing their (...)
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  42. added 2018-07-28
    Pain: A Cultural History by Javier Moscoso, Sarah Thomas, Paul House. [REVIEW]Kenton Kroker - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):469--470.
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  43. added 2018-07-28
    Eine Naturgeschichte Für Das 21. Jahrhundert: Hommage À, Zu Ehren von, in Honor of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger by Safia Azzouni, Christina Brandt, Bernd Gausemeier, Julia Kursell, Henning Schmidgen, Barbara Wittmann. [REVIEW]Janet Browne - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):621--622.
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  44. added 2018-07-28
    Wirkstoffe. Eine Wissenschaftsgeschichte der Hormone, Enzyme Und Vitamine, 1920-1970 by Heiko Stoff. [REVIEW]Mathias Grote - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):480--482.
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  45. added 2018-07-28
    When Do Models Provide Genuine Understanding, and Why Does It Matter?Antonio Diéguez - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):599-620.
    In spite of a number of remarkable advances over the last few decades, the question of how scientific models provide explanations remains rather controversial. In the case of biology, this question is quite pressing, since according to many specialists we do not find genuine universal explanatory laws in biology, and yet, biologists constantly use models as explanatory devices. It is probably not possible to reduce all of the ways in which models explain to one unifying pattern. If there is a (...)
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  46. added 2018-07-28
    Sex on a Slide: Antoine Lacassagne and the Search for a Microscopic Definition of Masculinity and Femininity.Ilana Löwy - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):363--378.
    In 1919, the French pathologist and pioneer of radiotherapy of cancer, Antoine Lacassagne, studied the case of a young man of indeterminate sexuality. Lacassagne’s argument that the patient was a "true" hermaphrodite, that is, an individual who possesses at the same time male and female sexual glands, was grounded exclusively in his study of microscopic preparations. Such preparations were seen as the definitive proof of the "true biological sex" of a given person, seen as a fixed entity. On the other (...)
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  47. added 2018-07-28
    The New French Philosophy by Ian James. [REVIEW]Alan D. Schrift - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):484--485.
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  48. added 2018-07-28
    "The Living Picture": On the Circulation of Microscope-Slide Knowledge in 1903.Oliver Gaycken - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):319--339.
    Microscope slides allowed preparations to circulate among scientific and educational contexts. An extension of the circulation of microscope slides was how they became part of lantern exhibition culture. This article considers an early example of the adoption of microscope lantern show conventions by another medium, the cinema. F. Martin Duncan, who was employed by Charles Urban to produce a series of popular-science films beginning in 1903, brought his experience with microphotography to bear on the challenge of adapting cinema to the (...)
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  49. added 2018-07-28
    Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel by Frank N. Egerton. [REVIEW]Christian C. Young - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (4):622--623.
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  50. added 2018-07-28
    Histopathology Slides From Medical Research to Medical Practice in Interwar Strasbourg.Tricia Close-Koenig - 2013 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (3):341--361.
    Histopathologists have been interested in cancer since the beginning of cellular theory. Rudolf Virchow and Julius Cohnheim defined cancer as a disease due to specific changes in tissues; cancer was thus considered a "pathologist’s disease." Virchow emphasized the principles of biopsy and its value in the diagnosis of malignant tumours, but he himself did not promote it as an instrument for diagnosis. In the nineteenth century, in fact, cancer was a pathologists’ disease in research only, not in diagnosis. By the (...)
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