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Philosophy of Biology

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  1. Stephen G. Alter (2007). Darwin and the Linguists: The Coevolution of Mind and Language, Part 1. Problematic Friends. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 38 (3):573-584.
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    Developmental Biology
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  2. H. S. Anker (1961). On the Geogenous Evolution of Self-Reproducing Systems and Macromolecules. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 5 (1):86-88.
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    Developmental Biology
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  3. Abdon Atangana (2015). Modeling the Enzyme Kinetic Reaction. Acta Biotheoretica 63 (3):239-256.
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  4. J. W. Atkinson (1985). E. G. Conklin on Evolution: The Popular Writings of an Embryologist. Journal of the History of Biology 18 (1):31-50.
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  5. Paul Atkinson & Aditya Bhardwaj, Inheritance and Society.
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  6. Scott Atran (1991). Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science. Journal of the History of Biology 24 (3):537-540.
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  7. Scott Atran (1987). Origin of the Species and Genus Concepts: An Anthropological Perspective. Journal of the History of Biology 20 (2):195-279.
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  8. Ernst O. Attinger & Hans Millendorfer (1968). Performance Control of Biological and Societal Systems. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 12 (1):103-123.
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  9. Jean-Pierre Aubin (2013). Tychastic Viability. Acta Biotheoretica 61 (3):329-340.
    Tychastic viability is defined in an uncertain dynamical framework and used for providing a “viability risk eradication measure”, first, by delineating the set of initial conditions from which all evolutions satisfy viability constraints, second, for the other “risky” initial states, by introducing their duration index. This approach provides an alternative to the stochastic representation of chance and these two measures replace the statistical measures.
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  10. Juan Ausió (2015). The Shades of Gray of the Chromatin Fiber. Bioessays 37 (1):46-51.
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  11. Juan Ausió (2000). Are Linker Histones Dispensable for Survival? Bioessays 22 (10):873-877.
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  12. C. R. Austin (1959). The Role of Fertilization. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 3 (1):44-54.
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  13. Christopher J. Austin (2016). The Ontology of Organisms: Mechanistic Modules or Patterned Processes? Biology and Philosophy 31 (5):639-662.
    Though the realm of biology has long been under the philosophical rule of the mechanistic magisterium, recent years have seen a surprisingly steady rise in the usurping prowess of process ontology. According to its proponents, theoretical advances in the contemporary science of evo-devo have afforded that ontology a particularly powerful claim to the throne: in that increasingly empirically confirmed discipline, emergently autonomous, higher-order entities are the reigning explanantia. If we are to accept the election of evo-devo as our best conceptualisation (...)
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  14. Nicanor Pier Giorgio Austriaco (2008). The Organism in Interdisciplinary Context: Proceedings of the STOQ Research Group on Organisms Edited by Pietro Ramellini. The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 8 (3):599-602.
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  15. Bengt Autzen (2016). Dissolving the Star-Tree Paradox. Biology and Philosophy 31 (3):409-419.
    While Bayesian methods have become very popular in phylogenetic systematics, the foundations of this approach remain controversial. The star-tree paradox in Bayesian phylogenetics refers to the phenomenon that a particular binary phylogenetic tree sometimes has a very high posterior probability even though a star tree generates the data. I argue that this phenomenon reveals an unattractive feature of the Bayesian approach to scientific inference and discuss two proposals for how to address the star-tree paradox. In particular, I defend the polytomy (...)
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  16. John C. Avise (2004). Making Sense of Life: Explaining Biological Development with Models, Metaphors, and Machines (Review). Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 47 (1):145-148.
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  17. John C. Avise (2002). Captivating Life: A Naturalist in the Age of Genetics. Journal of the History of Biology 35 (3):602-604.
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  18. Ferhat Ay, Evelien M. Bunnik, Nelle Varoquaux, Jean-Philippe Vert, William Stafford Noble & Karine G. Le Roch (2015). Multiple Dimensions of Epigenetic Gene Regulation in the Malaria parasitePlasmodium Falciparum. Bioessays 37 (2):182-194.
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  19. F. J. Ayala (1974). The Biological Concept of Progress. In F. Ayala & T. Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology. University of California Press. pp. 339--354.
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  20. Francisco J. Ayala (1974). 19. The Concept of Biological Progress. In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. pp. 339.
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  21. Francisco J. Ayala (1967). Man in Evolution. The Thomist 31 (1):1.
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  22. Peter G. Ayres (2006). Harry Marshall Ward and the Fungal Thread of Death. Journal of the History of Biology 39 (1):212-214.
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  23. Larry Azar (1971). Heredity Versus Evolution. Philosophical Studies 20:152-165.
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  24. Avedis Aznavurian (2003). Darwin y Lorenz: La Conexión Humana. Ludus Vitalis 9 (20):5-16.
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  25. J. B. (2002). Institutionalizing Molecular Biology in Post-War Europe: A Comparative Study. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (3):515-546.
    The intellectual origins of molecular biology are usually traced back to the 1930s. By contrast, molecular biology acquired a social reality only around 1960. To understand how it came to designate a community of researchers and a professional identity, I examine the creation of the first institutes of molecular biology, which took place around 1960, in four European countries: Germany, the United Kingdom, France, and Switzerland. This paper shows how the creation of these institutes was linked to the results of (...)
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  26. Philippe Backer, Danny Waele & Linda Speybroeck (2010). Ins and Outs of Systems Biology Vis-À-Vis Molecular Biology: Continuation or Clear Cut? Acta Biotheoretica 58 (1):15-49.
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  27. Klaus J. Bade (1975). Population Changes During the Industrial Revolution. Studies on the History of Population Changes in Germany. Philosophy and History 8 (2):272-273.
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  28. Jan Baedke (2016). Development, Evolution, and the Concepts Between the Two. Acta Biotheoretica 64 (1):99-103.
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  29. Orville T. Bailey (1945). Levels of Research in the Biological Sciences. Philosophy of Science 12 (1):1-7.
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  30. Carl J. Bajema (1988). Charles Darwin on Man in the First Edition of the Origin of Species. Journal of the History of Biology 21 (3):403-410.
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  31. Bjorn Bakker, Hilda van den Bos, Peter M. Lansdorp & Floris Foijer (2015). How to Count Chromosomes in a Cell: An Overview of Current and Novel Technologies. Bioessays 37 (5):570-577.
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  32. Evan Balaban (1998). Eugenics and Individual Phenotypic Variation: To What Extent Is Biology a Predictive Science? Science in Context 11 (3-4).
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  33. Curt Balch, Hugo Arias-Pulido, Soumya Banerjee, Alex K. Lancaster, Kevin B. Clark, Michael Perilstein, Brian Hawkins, John Rhodes, Piotr Sliz, Jon Wilkins & Thomas W. Chittenden (2015). Science and Technology Consortia in U.S. Biomedical Research: A Paradigm Shift in Response to Unsustainable Academic Growth. Bioessays 37 (2):119-122.
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  34. Alvan L. Barach (1974). Homeostasis: A Physiologic and Psychologic Function in Man. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 17 (4):522-528.
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  35. Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar & Francisco J. Ayala (2005). Introduction and Institutionalization of Genetics in Mexico Ana Barahona, Susana Pinar and Francisco J. Ayala. Journal of the History of Biology 38 (2):273-299.
    We explore the distinctive characteristics of Mexico's society, politics and history that impacted the establishment of genetics in Mexico, as a new disciplinary field that began in the early 20th century and was consolidated and institutionalized in the second half. We identify about three stages in the institutionalization of genetics in Mexico. The first stage can be characterized by Edmundo Taboada, who was the leader of a research program initiated during the Cárdenas government (1934-1940), which was primarily directed towards improving (...)
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  36. Anouk Barberousse (2010). The Role of Self-Organization in Developmental Systems Theory and the Neo-Darwinian Theory of Evolution. Biological Theory 5 (3):202-205.
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  37. Anouk Barberousse, Michel Morange & Thomas Pradeu (2009). Mapping the Future of Biology: Evolving Concepts and Theories Vol. 266. Springer.
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  38. Marcello Barbieri (2015). Evolution of the Genetic Code: The Ribosome-Oriented Model. Biological Theory 10 (4):301-310.
    There are currently three major theories on the origin and evolution of the genetic code: the stereochemical theory, the coevolution theory, and the error-minimization theory. The first two assume that the genetic code originated respectively from chemical affinities and from metabolic relationships between codons and amino acids. The error-minimization theory maintains that in primitive systems the apparatus of protein synthesis was extremely prone to errors, and postulates that the genetic code evolved in order to minimize the deleterious effects of the (...)
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  39. Eileen Barker (1976). I. Apes and Angels: Reductionism, Selection, and Emergence in the Study of Man. Inquiry 19 (1-4):367-387.
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  40. Gillian Barker (1993). Perspectives in Ethology 10: Behavior and Evolution.
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  41. S. F. Barker (1963). Book Review:Classics in Biology: A Course of Selected Reading. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 30 (4):396-.
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  42. Justinn Barr, Daniel Gordon, Paul Schedl & Girish Deshpande (2015). Xenotransplantation Exposes the Etiology Ofazoospermia Factor Induced Male Sterility. Bioessays 37 (3):278-283.
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  43. Justinn Barr, Konstantin V. Yakovlev, Yulii Shidlovskii & Paul Schedl (forthcoming). Establishing and Maintaining Cell Polarity with mRNA Localization inDrosophila. Bioessays:n/a-n/a.
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  44. Vincent Barras & Marc Ratcliff (2000). Louis Jurine: Chirurgien Et Naturaliste. Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):217-218.
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