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  1. Philosophy, Natural Kinds, Microstructuralism, and the (Mis)Use of Chemical Examples: Intimacy Versus Integrity as Orientations Towards Chemical Practice.Clevis Headley - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-12.
    This essay critically considers the issue of natural kind essentialism. More specifically, the essay critically probes the philosophical use of chemical examples to support realism about natural kinds. My simple contention is that the natural kind debate can be understood in terms of two different cultures of academic production. These two cultures will be conceptualized using Thomas Kasulis’s distinction between intimacy and integrity as cultural orientations. Acknowledging Kasulis’s contention that, “What is foreground in one culture may be background in another”, (...)
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  2. A comment about the meaning and significance of life in the light of generalized crystallography.Amihud Gilead - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-10.
    The time-honored questions concerning the meaning and significance of life should be discussed not only in the light of various philosophical and literary considerations but also from the natural scientific perspectives as human beings are conditioned parts of nature as a whole. Hence, in this paper, I discuss these questions from the perspectives of two major and universal scientific fields, namely, generalized crystallography and quantum mechanics. On the philosophical grounds, the question of the meaning and, especially, the significance of life (...)
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  3. A Nuclear Periodic Table.K. Hagino & Y. Maeno - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-7.
    There has been plenty of empirical evidence which shows that the single-particle picture holds to a good approximation in atomic nuclei. In this picture, protons and neutrons move independently inside a mean-field potential generated by an interaction among the nucleons. This leads to the concept of nuclear shells, similar to the electronic shells in atoms. In particular, the magic numbers due to closures of the nucleonic shells, corresponding to noble gases in elements, have been known to play an important role (...)
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  4. Elements of Chemistry.John Emsley - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-3.
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  5. Early Theoretical Chemistry: Plato’s Chemistry in Timaeus.Francesco Di Giacomo - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-14.
    The Timaeus is the dialogue that was for many centuries the most influential of Plato’s works. Among its readers we find Descartes, Boyle, Kepler and Heisenberg. In the first division of Timaeus Plato deals with the theory of celestial motion, in the second he presents us with the first mathematical theory of the structure of matter. Here, in a gigantic step forward with respect to the preceding Democritean atomistic theory with its unalterable micro-entities, he introduces the intertransformability of elementary corpuscles (...)
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  6. Molecular models and scientific realism.Gabriela García Zerecero - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-10.
    The practice of theoretical research in chemistry largely consists in the construction of models without which experimentation would be impossible. The best-known theoretical models in chemistry are those of the molecular structures of chemical compounds. What is the correspondence between these models and the unobservable entities that they are meant to explain? What is the ontological status of molecular models? The anti-realists question the basis of the realists’ belief in these entities and the truth claims regarding them. Ultimately, the realist/anti-realist (...)
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  7. Understanding Molecular Structure Requires Constructive Realism.Hirofumi Ochiai - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-9.
    Since molecules are inaccessible to immediate observation, our conception of the molecule is brought about by transdiction which entails invention of various transcendental ideas. In organic chemistry we think that molecules consist of atoms, bonds, functional groups, etc. This is, however, not the unique description of the molecule as is shown by quantum mechanical calculations, for example. Then, what description represents the real molecule? Before asking this question, we have to consider what the real molecule is in the first place. (...)
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  8. Binódic periodic system: a mathematical approach.Julio Antonio Gutiérrez Samanez - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-32.
    This article discusses the mathematizing of the chemical periodic system as a grid, which leads to a quadratic function or “binódica function” formed by pairs of periods or binodos. We describe the periodic law as an increasing function of the principal quantum number. It works subject to the dialectical laws that generate; first: gradual quantitative changes:, with “duplication” of periods:. Second: radical quantitative changes:, with the emergence of new quantum transitions, growth and a change in the format of the binodos. (...)
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  9. How Mendeleev issued his predictions: comment on Andrea Woody.Chris Campbell & Karoliina Pulkkinen - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-19.
    Much has been said about the accuracy of the famous predictions of the Russian chemist Dmitrii Ivanovich Mendeleev, but far less has been written on how he made his predictions. Here we offer an explanation on how Mendeleev used his periodic system to predict both physical and chemical properties of little-known and entirely unknown chemical elements. We argue that there seems to be compelling evidence in favour of Mendeleev genuinely relying on his periodic system in the course of issuing his (...)
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  10. Organising the Metals and Nonmetals.René E. Vernon - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-17.
    The periodic table can be simply demarcated into four classes of metal and four classes of nonmetal. Such a treatment has been obstructed by the traditional view of metalloids as in-between elements; understandable but needless boundary squabbles; and a group-by-group view of the reactive nonmetals. Setting aside these limiting notions reveals some interesting patterns and facilitates teaching and learning the periodic table.
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  11. Chemistry as the basic science.Peeter Müürsepp, Gulzhikhan Nurysheva, Aliya Ramazanova & Zhamilya Amirkulova - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-15.
    The paper deals with the philosophy of science and technology from a new perspective. The analysis connects closely to the novel approach to scientific research called practical realism of the late Estonian philosopher of science and chemistry Rein Vihalemm. From his perspective, science is not only theoretical but even more clearly a practical activity. This kind of practice-based approach puts chemistry rather than physics into the position of the most typical science as chemistry has a dual character resting on both (...)
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  12. A scale of atomic electronegativity in terms of atomic nucleophilicity index.Hiteshi Tandon, Tanmoy Chakraborty & Vandana Suhag - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-12.
    Electronegativity is an important physico-chemical concept to study the chemical structure and reactivity. Although, the conundrum related to measurement of electronegativity still persists. In view of this fact, a simple yet rigorous scale of electronegativity, invoking an inverse relationship with atomic nucleophilicity index, has been proposed for 103 elements of the periodic table. The computed data follows periodicity distinctly satisfying all the sine qua non of a standard scale of electronegativity. Further, electronegativity values display a sound similarity with the standard (...)
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  13. Teaching of chemistry before and after the periodic table.Jerry Ray Dias - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):99-106.
    An Example of Teaching of Chemistry Before and After Mendeleev’s 1869 Periodic Table of Elements is presented. Prior to Mendeleev’s publication in 1869, only 63 elements were known. The ensuing discovery of the electron and the correspondence of the number of electrons to equivalent weight and atomic number is of singular importance to the impact of the Periodic Table of Elements and the way modern chemistry is taught. Without the identity of the electron and its alliance to atomic number, modern (...)
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  14. Two-step emergence: the quantum theory of atoms in molecules as a bridge between quantum mechanics and molecular chemistry.Chérif F. Matta, Olimpia Lombardi & Jesús Jaimes Arriaga - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):107-129.
    By moving away from the traditional reductionist reading of the quantum theory of atoms in molecules, in this paper we analyze the role played by QTAIM in the relationship between molecular chemistry and quantum mechanics from an emergentist perspective. In particular, we show that such a relationship involves two steps: an intra-domain emergence and an inter-domain emergence. Intra-domain emergence, internal to quantum mechanics, results from the fact that the electron density, from which all the other QTAIM’s concepts are defined, arises (...)
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  15. Correction to: 4D-cubic lattice of chemical elements.Haresh Lalvani - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-1.
    In the original publication of the article under the Acknowledgements section, a contributor name was missed out. The corrected statement should read as follows.
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  16. Pere Grapí: Inspiring Air: A History of Air-Related Science: Wilmington and Malaga, Vernon Press, 2019, Xxx + 352 Pp, $69 £52 €58. [REVIEW]Trevor H. Levere - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):131-133.
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  17. Model transfer and conceptual progress: tales from chemistry and biology.Justin Price - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):43-57.
    The dissemination of models across disciplinary lines has become a phenomenon of interest to philosophers of science. To account for this phenomenon, philosophers have invented two units of analysis. The first identifies to the thing that transfers, model templates. The second identifies the thing to which transferable templates apply, landing zones. There exists a dynamic between the thing that is transferred and the thing to which transferrable templates apply. The use of a transferable template in a new domain requires reconception (...)
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  18. Conceptual Confusion in the Chemistry Curriculum: Exemplifying the Problematic Nature of Representing Chemical Concepts as Target Knowledge.Keith S. Taber - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-26.
    This paper considers the nature of a curriculum as presented in formal curriculum documents, and the inherent difficulties of representing formal disciplinary knowledge in a prescription for teaching and learning. The general points are illustrated by examining aspects of a specific example, taken from the chemistry subject content included in the science programmes of study that are part of the National Curriculum in England. In particular, it is suggested that some statements in the official curriculum document are problematic if we (...)
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  19. Whom should we credit for the discovery of isotopes?Gareth R. Eaton - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):87-98.
    Whom should we credit for the discovery of isotopes? The first suggestion of an idea, the first experimental proof, or the development of a new method that clearly reveals the isotopes? Strömholm and Svedberg, Fajans and Soddy interpreted patterns of radioactive decay, which became confirmed theory on the solid basis of the very accurate atomic weight determinations by Richards and his coworkers. The mass spectrograph measurements by Aston provided major extension of the concept of isotopes to much of the rest (...)
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  20. 4D-cubic lattice of chemical elements.Haresh Lalvani - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-48.
    A 4-dimensional periodic table of chemical elements is presented. The 120 elements in the n = 8 system are located on vertices of a 4D-cubic lattice and specified by Cartesian coordinates based on the four quantum numbers. Each quantum number is represented by a vector along a different spatial direction in 4D Euclidean space. The 4D PT has a fixed topology governed by Euler–Poincare-type equation and the chemical elements have a fixed connectivity with neighboring elements within the 4D PT. Various (...)
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  21. Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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  22. Reporting the Discovery of New Chemical Elements: Working in Different Worlds, Only 25 Years Apart.K. Brad Wray & Line Edslev Andersen - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-10.
    In his account of scientific revolutions, Thomas Kuhn suggests that after a revolutionary change of theory, it is as if scientists are working in a different world. In this paper, we aim to show that the notion of world change is insightful. We contrast the reporting of the discovery of neon in 1898 with the discovery of hafnium in 1923. The one discovery was made when elements were identified by their atomic weight; the other discovery was made after scientists came (...)
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  23. Giovanni Villani: Chemistry: A Systemic Complexity Science: Pisa University Press, Pisa, 2017, 137 pp.Elijah St Germain - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (3):345-348.
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  24. The role of idealisations in describing an isolated molecule.Vanessa A. Seifert - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):15-29.
    The investigation of the relation between chemistry and quantum mechanics includes examining how the two theories each describe an isolated molecule. This paper focuses on one particular characteristic of chemistry’s and quantum mechanics’ descriptions of an isolated molecule; namely on the assumptions made by each description that an isolated molecule is stable and has structure. The paper argues that these assumptions are an idealisation. First, this is because stability and structure are partially determined by factors that concern the context in (...)
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  25. The role of idealisations in describing an isolated molecule.Vanessa A. Seifert - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):15-29.
    The investigation of the relation between chemistry and quantum mechanics includes examining how the two theories each describe an isolated molecule. This paper focuses on one particular characteristic of chemistry’s and quantum mechanics’ descriptions of an isolated molecule; namely on the assumptions made by each description that an isolated molecule is stable and has structure. The paper argues that these assumptions are an idealisation. First, this is because stability and structure are partially determined by factors that concern the context in (...)
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  26. Conceptual Confusion in the Chemistry Curriculum: Exemplifying the Problematic Nature of Representing Chemical Concepts as Target Knowledge.Keith S. Taber - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-26.
    This paper considers the nature of a curriculum as presented in formal curriculum documents, and the inherent difficulties of representing formal disciplinary knowledge in a prescription for teaching and learning. The general points are illustrated by examining aspects of a specific example, taken from the chemistry subject content included in the science programmes of study that are part of the National Curriculum in England. In particular, it is suggested that some statements in the official curriculum document are problematic if we (...)
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  27. The beginnings of a formal language for conceptual analysis of processes in macro-chemistry.Michèle Friend - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):31-42.
    I present a formal language that imposes a structure on processes in macro-chemistry. Each symbol in the language invites a type of analysis that is carried out either by looking into the semantics if the language or by looking at the context. Every formal language has assumptions underlying it. The assumptions made in developing the formal language are meant to help with conceptual analysis by inviting certain types of question.
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  28. Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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  29. 4D-cubic lattice of chemical elements.Haresh Lalvani - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-48.
    A 4-dimensional periodic table of chemical elements is presented. The 120 elements in the n = 8 system are located on vertices of a 4D-cubic lattice and specified by Cartesian coordinates based on the four quantum numbers. Each quantum number is represented by a vector along a different spatial direction in 4D Euclidean space. The 4D PT has a fixed topology governed by Euler–Poincare-type equation and the chemical elements have a fixed connectivity with neighboring elements within the 4D PT. Various (...)
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  30. 4D-Cubic Lattice of Chemical Elements.Haresh Lalvani - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-48.
    A 4-dimensional periodic table of chemical elements is presented. The 120 elements in the n = 8 system are located on vertices of a 4D-cubic lattice and specified by Cartesian coordinates based on the four quantum numbers. Each quantum number is represented by a vector along a different spatial direction in 4D Euclidean space. The 4D PT has a fixed topology governed by Euler–Poincare-type equation and the chemical elements have a fixed connectivity with neighboring elements within the 4D PT. Various (...)
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  31. Overcoming skepticism about molecular structure by developing the concept of affordance.Hirofumi Ochiai - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):77-86.
    What chemists take as molecular structure is a theoretical construct based on the concepts of chemical bond, atoms in molecules, etc. and hence it should be distinguished from tangible structures around us. The practical adequacy of it has been demonstrated by the established method of retro-synthetic analysis, for instance. But it is not derived a priori from quantum mechanical treatments of the molecule and criticized for being irrelevant to the reality of the molecule. There is persistent skepticism about it. The (...)
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  32. Whom should we credit for the discovery of isotopes?Gareth R. Eaton - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):87-98.
    Whom should we credit for the discovery of isotopes? The first suggestion of an idea, the first experimental proof, or the development of a new method that clearly reveals the isotopes? Strömholm and Svedberg, Fajans and Soddy interpreted patterns of radioactive decay, which became confirmed theory on the solid basis of the very accurate atomic weight determinations by Richards and his coworkers. The mass spectrograph measurements by Aston provided major extension of the concept of isotopes to much of the rest (...)
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  33. The beginnings of a formal language for conceptual analysis of processes in macro-chemistry.Michèle Friend - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):31-42.
    I present a formal language that imposes a structure on processes in macro-chemistry. Each symbol in the language invites a type of analysis that is carried out either by looking into the semantics if the language or by looking at the context. Every formal language has assumptions underlying it. The assumptions made in developing the formal language are meant to help with conceptual analysis by inviting certain types of question.
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  34. Model transfer and conceptual progress: tales from chemistry and biology.Justin Price - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):43-57.
    The dissemination of models across disciplinary lines has become a phenomenon of interest to philosophers of science. To account for this phenomenon, philosophers have invented two units of analysis. The first identifies to the thing that transfers, model templates. The second identifies the thing to which transferable templates apply, landing zones. There exists a dynamic between the thing that is transferred and the thing to which transferrable templates apply. The use of a transferable template in a new domain requires reconception (...)
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  35. Conceptual Confusion in the Chemistry Curriculum: Exemplifying the Problematic Nature of Representing Chemical Concepts as Target Knowledge.Keith S. Taber - forthcoming - Foundations of Chemistry:1-26.
    This paper considers the nature of a curriculum as presented in formal curriculum documents, and the inherent difficulties of representing formal disciplinary knowledge in a prescription for teaching and learning. The general points are illustrated by examining aspects of a specific example, taken from the chemistry subject content included in the science programmes of study that are part of the National Curriculum in England. In particular, it is suggested that some statements in the official curriculum document are problematic if we (...)
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  36. Boyle, Spinoza and Glauber: On the Philosophical Redintegration of Saltpeter—a Reply to Antonio Clericuzio.Filip A. A. Buyse - 2020 - Foundations of Chemistry 22 (1):59-76.
    The so-called ‘redintegration experiment’ is traditionally at the center of the comments on the supposed Boyle/Spinoza controversy. A. Clericuzio influentially argued in his publications that, in De nitro, Boyle accounted for the ‘redintegration’ of saltpeter on the grounds of the chemical properties of corpuscles and “did not make any attempt to deduce them from mechanical principles”. By way of contrast, this paper argues that with his De nitro Boyle wanted to illustrate and promote his new corpuscular or mechanical philosophy, and (...)
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  37. Macroscopic Metaphysics: Middle-Sized Objects and Longish Processes: By Paul Needham, Cham, Springer, 2017, Xi + 224 Pp., ISBN 9783319709987, US$109.99. [REVIEW]Julia R. S. Bursten - 2019 - Tandf: International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):63–64.
  38. Macroscopic Metaphysics: Middle-Sized Objects and Longish Processes: By Paul Needham, Cham, Springer, 2017, Xi + 224 Pp., ISBN 9783319709987, US$109.99. [REVIEW]Julia R. S. Bursten - 2019 - Tandf: International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 32 (1):63–64.
  39. Research of Chemical Elements and Chemical Bonds From the View of Complex Network.Runzhan Liu, Guoyong Mao & Ning Zhang - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):193-206.
    Though complex networks have been widely applied in the research of chemistry, there is hardly any introduction about the establishment of networks using chemical bonds. In this paper, we consider chemical elements as a system linked by chemical bonds and create the undirected chemical bond network by abstracting nodes from elements and undirected edges from bonds. Connectivity, heterogeneity, small world and disassortativity of this network show the macro structural rationality of this system. The degree and k-order neighbors of an element, (...)
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  40. What is Chemistry That I May Teach It?Peter Nelson - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):179-191.
    This article presents a personal answer to the question “What is chemistry?”, set out in terms of six propositions. These cover “pure” and “applied” chemistry, different levels of description, and the broader context of chemistry.
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  41. A Historical/Epistemological Account of the Foundation of the Key Ideas Supporting Chemical Equilibrium Theory.Juan Quílez - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):221-252.
    In this paper it is performed a historical account of the theoretical roots that grounded the following four key basic ideas of chemical equilibrium: ‘incomplete reaction’, ‘reversibility’, ‘equilibrium constant’ and ‘molecular dynamics’. These notions developed in nineteenth-century as a consequence of the evolution of the concept of chemical affinity. The discussion begins with the presentation of the earliest affinity table [‘Table des rapports’] published in 1718 by Geoffroy. Afterwards, it is examined Bergman’s compilation. The theory supporting this arrangement assumed that (...)
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  42. The Network Theory: A New Language for Speaking About Chemical Elements Relations Through Stoichiometric Binary Compounds.Rosana Suárez - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):207-220.
    Traditionally the study of chemical elements has been limited to well-known concepts like the periodic properties and chemical families. However, current information shows a new and rich language that allows us to observe relations in the elements that are not limited to their positions in the table. These relations are evident when reactions are represented through networks, as in the case of similar reactivity of organic compounds sharing functional groups. For the past two decades, it has been argued that network (...)
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  43. Priestley’s Views on the Composition of Water and Related Airs.Geoffrey Blumenthal - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):147-178.
    In some views in the history, philosophy and social studies of chemistry, Joseph Priestley is at least as well-known and cited for his objections to the new chemistry and his promotion of his own late version of the theory of phlogiston, as for his early series of discoveries about types of air for which he had become famous. These citations are generally not associated with any detailed indications about his late work from 1788 onwards and his late phlogistic theory, of (...)
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  44. Getting It Right is Not Equivalent to Getting It Wrong.Philip Stewart - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (2):145-146.
    Mendeleev’s successful predictions were the fruit of his insight into the structure of the periodic system. His failures were the result of pursuing the pattern he had perceived beyond the limits of its applicability. These two things are not equivalent.
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  45. Giovanni Villani: Chemistry: A Systemic Complexity Science: Pisa University Press, Pisa, 2017, 137 Pp.Elijah St Germain - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (3):345-348.
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  46. A New Chapter in the Problem of the Reduction of Chemistry to Physics: The Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules.Jesus Alberto Jaimes Arriaga, Sebastian Fortin & Olimpia Lombardi - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):125-136.
    The problem of the reduction of chemistry to physics has been traditionally addressed in terms of classical structural chemistry and standard quantum mechanics. In this work, we will study the problem from the perspective of the Quantum Theory of Atoms in Molecules, proposed by Richard Bader in the nineties. The purpose of this article is to unveil the role of QTAIM in the inter-theoretical relations between chemistry and physics. We argue that, although the QTAIM solves two relevant obstacles to reduction (...)
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  47. The Function of Microstructure in Boyle’s Chemical Philosophy: ‘Chymical Atoms' and Structural Explanation.Marina Banchetti-Robino - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):51-59.
    One of several important issues that inform contemporary philosophy of chemistry is the issue of structural explanation, precisely because modern chemistry is primarily concerned with microstructure. This paper argues that concern over microstructure, albeit understood differently than it is today, also informs the chemical philosophy of Robert Boyle. According to Boyle, the specific microstructure of ‘chymical atoms’, understood in geometric terms, accounts for the unique essential properties of different chemical substances. Because he considers the microstructure of ‘chymical atoms’ as semi-permanent, (...)
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  48. Why Molecular Structure Cannot Be Strictly Reduced to Quantum Mechanics.Juan Camilo Martínez González, Sebastian Fortin & Olimpia Lombardi - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):31-45.
    Perhaps the hottest topic in the philosophy of chemistry is that of the relationship between chemistry and physics. The problem finds one of its main manifestations in the debate about the nature of molecular structure, given by the spatial arrangement of the nuclei in a molecule. The traditional strategy to address the problem is to consider chemical cases that challenge the definition of molecular structure in quantum–mechanical terms. Instead of taking that top-down strategy, in this paper we face the problem (...)
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  49. Émile Meyerson and Mass Conservation in Chemical Reactions: A Priori Expectations Versus Experimental Tests.Roberto Martins - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):109-124.
    In his celebrated historic-epistemological work Identité et réalité, Émile Meyerson claimed that the scientific conservation principles were first suggested and accepted for philosophical reasons, and only afterwards were submitted to experimental tests. One of the instances he discussed in his book is the principle of mass conservation in chemical reactions. Meyerson pointed out that several authors, from Antiquity to Kant, accepted the idea of quantitative conservation of matter; and Lavoisier himself was strongly influenced by a priori ideas, using this principle (...)
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  50. Re-Evaluating Semi-Empirical Computer Simulations in Quantum Chemistry.María Silvia Polzella & Penélope Lodeyro - 2019 - Foundations of Chemistry 21 (1):83-95.
    Usually within the context of computer simulations in quantum chemistry practices, there is a distinction between ab initio and semi-empirical methods. Related to this, a controversy within the scientific and philosophical communities came about regarding the superiority of the ab initio methods due to their theoretical rigor. In this article we re-evaluate the condition of the semi-empirical simulations in this area of research. We examine some of the aspects of this debate that have been considered in philosophy and provide additional (...)
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