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  1. added 2020-06-05
    검토 '우리는 유선이야?'(Are We Hardwired? ) Clark & Grunstein (2000).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In 지구상의 지옥에 오신 것을 환영합니다 : 아기, 기후 변화, 비트 코인, 카르텔, 중국, 민주주의, 다양성, 역학, 평등, 해커, 인권, 이슬람, 자유주의, 번영, 웹, 혼돈, 기아, 질병, 폭력, 인공 지능, 전쟁. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 99-101.
    이것은 행동에 유전자/환경 상호 작용의 훌륭한 검토 이며, 조금 일자 임에도 불구 하 고, 쉽고 가치 있는 읽기. 그(것)들은 행동에 유전학의 압도적인 충격을 보여주는 쌍둥이 연구 결과로 시작합니다. 그들은 공유 가정 환경이 행동에 거의 영향을 미치지 않으며 입양 된 자녀가 무작위로 선택된 사람들처럼 의붓 형제 자매와 다르게 자라는 사실을 확장하고 요약하는 주디스 해리스 (Judith Harris)의 점점 더 잘 알려진 연구에 주목합니다. 그들 (그리고 행동 유전학을 토론하는 거의 모든 사람들이) 주의하지 못하는 한 가지 기본 포인트는 우리의 성격의 모든 기초를 포함하여 인간의 (...)
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  2. added 2020-05-24
    An Integrated Approach to the Study of Mind (Rene Descartes, David Hume and Gilbert Ryle).Desh Raj Sirswal - 2020 - Pehowa (Kurukshetra): CPPIS.
    The present book is the revised version of my Ph.D. Thesis “A Philosophical Study of the Concept of Mind (with special reference to Rene Descartes, David Hume and Gilbert Ryle)”. I have selected three thinkers Rene Descartes, David Hume and Gilbert Ryle to discuss their ideas on the nature of mind. All the above thinkers have relevance in cognitive science and philosophy of mind by their conceptions about the mind and problems they have raised. We have used analysis as a (...)
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  3. added 2020-05-15
    The Structure of Egocentric Space.Adrian J. T. Alsmith - forthcoming - In Frédérique de Vignemont, Hong Yu Wong, Andrea Serino & Alessandro Farné (eds.), The World at Our Fingertips: A multidisciplinary exploration of peripersonal space. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter offers an indirect defence of the Evansian conception of egocentric space, by showing how it resolves a puzzle concerning the unity of egocentric spatial perception. The chapter outlines several common assumptions about egocentric perspectival structure and argues that a subject’s experience, both within and across her sensory modalities, may involve multiple structures of this kind. This raises the question of how perspectival unity is achieved, such that these perspectival structures form a complex whole, rather than merely disunified set (...)
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  4. added 2020-04-21
    Interactive Models in Synthetic Biology: Exploring Biological and Cognitive Inter-Identities.Leonardo Bich - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The aim of this article is to investigate the relevance and implications of synthetic models for the study of the interactive dimension of minimal life and cognition, by taking into consideration how the use of artificial systems may contribute to an understanding of the way in which interactions may affect or even contribute to shape biological identities. To do so, this article analyzes experimental work in synthetic biology on different types of interactions between artificial and natural systems, more specifically: between (...)
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  5. added 2020-03-20
    Ver con los dos sistemas de pensamiento: una revisión de "Ver las cosas como son: una teoría de la percepción" (Seeing Things As They Are: a Theory of Perception) de John Searle (2015).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In Comprender las Conexiones entre Ciencia, Filosofía, Psicología, Religión, Política, Economía, Historia y Literatura Artículos y reseñas 2006-2019. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 65-104.
    Como tantas veces en filosofía, el título no sólo establece la línea de batalla, sino que expone los prejuicios y errores del autor, ya que si podemos o no dar sentido al juego de idiomas 'Ver las cosas como son' y si es posible tener una 'teoría filosófica' de percepción' (que sólo puede ser sobre cómo funciona el lenguaje de la percepción), a diferencia de uno científico, que es una teoría sobre cómo funciona el cerebro, son exactamente los problemas. Este (...)
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  6. added 2020-03-13
    Revisão de 'The Mind's I' ( O Olho da Mente) de Douglas Hofstadter e Daniel Dennett (1981) (revisão revisada em 2019).Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - In Entendendo as Conexões entre Ciência, Filosofia, Psicologia, Religião, Política, Economia, História e Literatura - Artigos e Avaliações 2006-2019. Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press. pp. 269-277.
    Um saco misto dominado pelo absurdo reducionista da H & D. Esta é uma continuação do famoso (ou infame como eu diria agora, considerando seu absurdo implacável) Godel, Escher, Bach (1980). Assim como seu antecessor, preocupa-se em grande parte com os fundamentos da inteligência artificial, mas é composto principalmente por histórias, ensaios e extratos de uma ampla gama de pessoas, com alguns ensaios de DH e DD e comentários para todas as contribuições de um ou outro deles. Para minhas opiniões (...)
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  7. added 2020-03-12
    Reconceiving Rationality: Situating Rationality Into Radically Enactive Cognition.Giovanni Rolla - forthcoming - Synthese:1-20.
    Rational beliefs and actions are typically evaluated against certain benchmarks, e.g., those of classical logic or probability theory. Rationality therefore is traditionally taken to involve some sort of reasoning, which in turn implies contentful cognition. Radically Enactive views of Cognition, on the other hand, claim that not all cognition is contentful. In order to show that rationality does not need to lie outside of REC’s scope of radicalizing cognition, I develop a Radically Enactive notion of Rationality, according to which rationality (...)
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  8. added 2020-01-27
    Unconscious Rationalization, Or: How (Not) to Think About Awfulness and Death.Jake Quilty-Dunn - manuscript
    Many contemporary epistemologists take rational inference to be a conscious action performed by the thinker (Boghossian 2014; 2018; Valaris 2014; Malmgren 2018). It is tempting to think that rational evaluability requires responsibility, which in turn requires conscious action. In that case, unconscious cognition involves merely associative or otherwise arational processing. This paper argues instead for deep rationalism: unconscious inference often exhibits the same rational status and richly structured logical character as conscious inference. The central case study is rationalization, in which (...)
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  9. added 2019-12-25
    Is Human Enhancement Possible If It Comes From the Outside?Rubén Herce - 2019 - Scientia et Fides 7 (2):165-170.
    Throughout history, human beings have worked on their personal enhancement. Not only improving the living conditions, but also trying to improve the moral behavior of people, usually through education. The Transhumanist proposal of moral enhancement promises to make us better and understands it as a duty, also because of the ethical challenges that present to us. In the following article we explore if that is possible and to what extent, taking into account that humans are agents.
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  10. added 2019-11-07
    Is Intuitive Teleological Reasoning Promiscuous?Johan De Smedt & Helen De Cruz - 2020 - In William Gibson, Dan O'brien & Marius Turda (eds.), Teleology and Modernity. Abingdon and New York: Routledge. pp. 185-202.
    Humans have a tendency to reason teleologically. This tendency is more pronounced under time pressure, in people with little formal schooling and in patients with Alzheimer’s. This has led some cognitive scientists of religion, notably Kelemen, to call intuitive teleological reasoning promiscuous, by which they mean teleology is applied to domains where it is unwarranted. We examine these claims using Kant’s idea of the transcendental illusion in the first Critique and his views on the regulative function of teleological reasoning in (...)
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  11. added 2019-10-22
    Modularist Explanations of Experience and Other Illusions.Eric Mandelbaum - 2019 - Consciousness and Cognition 76 (76):102828.
    Debates about modularity invariably involve a crucial premise about how visual illusions are experienced. This paper argues that these debates are wrongheaded, and that experience of illusions is orthogonal to the core issue of the modularity hypothesis: informational encapsulation.
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  12. added 2019-10-03
    Current Issues in Conductive Argument Weight.Thomas Fischer - 2012 - In Frans H. van Eemeren & Bart Garssen (eds.), Topical Themes in Argumentation Theory. Springer. pp. 127-142.
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  13. added 2019-09-22
    Belie the Belief? Prompts and Default States.Neil Levy - forthcoming - Religion, Brain and Behavior.
    Sometimes agents sincerely profess to believe a claim and yet act inconsistently with it in some contexts. In this paper, I focus on mismatch cases in the domain of religion. I distinguish between two kinds of representations: prompts and default states. Prompts are representations that must be salient to agents in order for them to play their belief-appropriate roles, whereas default states play these roles automatically. The need for access characteristic of prompts is explained by their vehicles: prompts are realized (...)
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  14. added 2019-09-19
    Andy Clark and His Critics.Matteo Colombo, Elizabeth Irvine & Mog Stapleton (eds.) - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    In this volume, a range of high-profile researchers in philosophy of mind, philosophy of cognitive science, and empirical cognitive science, critically engage with Clark's work across the themes of: Extended, Embodied, Embedded, Enactive, and Affective Minds; Natural Born Cyborgs; and Perception, Action, and Prediction. Daniel Dennett provides a foreword on the significance of Clark's work, and Clark replies to each section of the book, thus advancing current literature with original contributions that will form the basis for new discussions, debates and (...)
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  15. added 2019-09-19
    Cognition in Practice: Conceptual Development and Disagreement in Cognitive Science.Mikio Akagi - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Cognitive science has been beset for thirty years by foundational disputes about the nature and extension of cognition—e.g. whether cognition is necessarily representational, whether cognitive processes extend outside the brain or body, and whether plants or microbes have them. Whereas previous philosophical work aimed to settle these disputes, I aim to understand what conception of cognition scientists could share given that they disagree so fundamentally. To this end, I develop a number of variations on traditional conceptual explication, and defend a (...)
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  16. added 2019-09-10
    Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension. [REVIEW]Robert D. Rupert - 2009 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 30 (4).
    For well over two decades, Andy Clark has been gleaning theoretical lessons from the leading edge of cognitive science, applying a combination of empirical savvy and philosophical instinct that few can match. Clark’s most recent book, Supersizing the Mind: Embodiment, Action, and Cognitive Extension, brilliantly expands his oeuvre. It offers a well-informed and focused survey of research in the burgeoning field of situated cognition, a field that emphasizes the contribution of environmental and non-neural bodily structures to the production of intelligent (...)
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  17. added 2019-08-02
    The Intuitive Concept of Art.Alessandro Pignocchi - 2012 - Philosophical Psychology 27 (3):425-444.
    A great deal of work in analytic philosophy of art is related to defining what counts as art. So far, cognitive approaches to art have almost entirely ignored this literature. In this paper I discuss the role of intuition in analytic philosophy of art, to show how an empirical research program on art could take advantage of existing work in analytic philosophy. I suggest that the first step of this research program should be to understand how people intuitively categorize something (...)
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  18. added 2019-06-14
    What is Unrealistic Optimism?Anneli Jefferson, Lisa Bortolotti & Bojana Kuzmanovic - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 50:1-2.
    Introduction to a special issue on unrealistic optimism.
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  19. added 2019-06-14
    J. Ezquerro And J. M. Larrazabal : Cognition, Semantics, and Philosophy: Proceedings of the First International Colloquium on Cognitive Science. [REVIEW]Matthew Elton - 1993 - Pragmatics and Cognition 1 (2):389-399.
  20. added 2019-06-13
    Model Based Reasoning in Science and Technology. Logical, Epistemological, and Cognitive Issues.Lorenzo Magnani & Claudia Casadio (eds.) - 2006 - Springer International Publishing.
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  21. added 2019-06-06
    Zunshine, Lisa. Strange Concepts and the Stories They Make Possible: Cognition, Culture, Narrative. Johns Hopkins University Press, 2008. Pp. 232. [REVIEW]M. Hayward & F. L. Aldama - 2012 - Substance 41 (3):180-182.
    In Strange Concepts and The Stories they Make Possible: Cognition, Culture, Narrative, Lisa Zunshine widens her scope from an erstwhile singular focus on Theory of Mind (inferring interior states from exterior expression and gesture) in fiction, turning her sights toward a branch of psychology aimed at the study of the early cognitive development of humans. Here she explores our distinctive mental capacity to ascribe a function to objects (a chair is to sit, etc.) and an essence to living creatures (the (...)
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  22. added 2019-06-06
    Constructivist Curriculum Design for the Interdisciplinary Study Programme MEi:CogSci – A Case Study.Elisabeth Zimmermann, Markus Peschl & Brigitte Römmer-Nossek - 2010 - Constructivist Foundations 5 (3):144-157.
    Context: Cognitive science, as an interdisciplinary research endeavour, poses challenges for teaching and learning insofar as the integration of various participating disciplines requires a reflective approach, considering and making explicit different epistemological attitudes and hidden assumptions and premises. Only few curricula in cognitive science face this integrative challenge. Problem: The lack of integrative activities might result from different challenges for people involved in truly interdisciplinary efforts, such as discussing issues on a conceptual level, negotiating colliding frameworks or sets of premises, (...)
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  23. added 2019-06-06
    G. E. R. Lloyd, Cognitive Variations: Reflections on the Unity and Diversity of the Human Mind. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 2007. Pp. Viii+201. ISBN 978-0-19-921461-7. £27.50 . 2009. ISBN 978-0-19-956625-9. £14.99. [REVIEW]Roger Smith - 2009 - British Journal for the History of Science 42 (3):448.
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  24. added 2019-06-06
    Cartographies of Cognitive Poetics.Peter Stockwell - 2008 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 16 (3):587-598.
    The founder of Cognitive Poetics, Reuven Tsur, has seen his project broaden and evolve over the last quarter-century. Some of these developments run counter to Tsur's continuing thinking, and he has been critical of some of the work that now goes under the name `cognitive poetics'. This paper is partly a response to criticisms made by Tsur specifically in relation to Stockwell's work, and partly a more general defence of the broad discipline as it has emerged in recent years. The (...)
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  25. added 2019-06-06
    Margaret A. Boden, Mind as Machine: A History of Cognitive Science. 2 Vols. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006. Pp. Xlviii+Xxiii+1631. ISBN 0-19-924144-9. £125.00. [REVIEW]Tara Abraham - 2008 - British Journal for the History of Science 41 (4):623.
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  26. added 2019-06-06
    On the Role of Modelling in Cognitive Science.Anthony F. Morse & Tom Ziemke - 2008 - Radical Philosophy Review of Books 16 (1):37-56.
    Although work on computational and robotic modelling of cognition is highly diverse, as an empirical method it can be roughly divided into at least two clearly different, though non-exclusive branches, motivated to evaluate the sufficiency or the necessity of theories when it comes to accounting for data and/or other observations. With the rising profile of theories of situated/embodied cognition, a third non-exclusive avenue for investigation has also gained in popularity, the investigation of agent-environment embedding or more generally, exploration. Still in (...)
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  27. added 2019-06-06
    Interdisciplinarity and Mind: An Onto-Methodological Perspective.Robert Poczobut - 2008 - Polish Journal of Philosophy 2 (1):79-97.
    The article’s aim is to analyse the ontological and methodological aspects of the interdisciplinarity problem in the context of contemporary research into the mind. After a brief presentation of the differences in meaning in the use of the terms: “multi-,” “inter-,” and “transdisciplinaryity,” the case of cognitive sicence is discussed. According to the author, the levels of analysis and explanation inmultidisciplinary science of the mind correspond to different levels or dimensions of its architecture. One of the main ontological issues arising (...)
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  28. added 2019-06-06
    Cognitive Science and Epistemology: Old Wine in a New Bottle?Urszula Żegleń - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (7-8):103-114.
    I investigate the relationship between traditional philosophical epistemology and cognitive science. I start my considerations with the following questions: does the development of cognitive science require any revision of epistemology, akin to the revision required in some areas analytic philosophy after the emergence of quantum physics? Does cognitive science continue philosophical epistemology or is the complete break with traditional philosophical approaches?
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  29. added 2019-06-06
    The Cognitive and Behavioral Sciences: Real Patterns, Real Unity, Real Causes, but No Supervenience.Don Ross & David Spurrett - 2004 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (5):637-647.
    Our response amplifies our case for scientific realism and the unity of science and clarifies our commitments to scientific unity, nonreductionism, behaviorism, and our rejection of talk of “emergence.” We acknowledge support from commentators for our view of physics and, responding to pressure and suggestions from commentators, deny the generality supervenience and explain what this involves. We close by reflecting on the relationship between philosophy and science.
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  30. added 2019-06-06
    Cognition Without Mirrors: Ockham's Theory of Signification.Gavin T. Colvert - 2000 - Modern Schoolman 77 (3):235-265.
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  31. added 2019-06-06
    Lindley Darden. Reviewed Work: How Scientists Explain Disease by Paul Thagard. [REVIEW]Lindley Darden - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (2):352-354.
  32. added 2019-06-06
    A Formal Rebuttal of the Central Argument for Functionalism.Vadim Batitsky - 1998 - Erkenntnis 49 (2):201-220.
    The central argument for functionalism is the so-called argument from multiple realizations. According to this argument, because a functionally characterized system admits a potential infinity of structurally diverse physical realizations, the functional organization of such systems cannot be captured in a law-like manner at the level of physical description. I offer a rebuttal of this argument based on formal modeling of its premises in the framework of automata theory. In this formal model I exploit the so-called minimal realizations of automata (...)
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  33. added 2019-06-06
    Mathieu Marion and Robert S. Cohen, Eds., Quebec Studies in the Philosophy of Science Part II: Biology, Psychology, Cognitive Science and Economics. [REVIEW]Valerie Hardcastle - 1997 - Philosophy in Review 17:52-54.
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  34. added 2019-06-06
    A Cognitive Perspective On Science Studies.Carl Martin Allwood - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (4):599-605.
  35. added 2019-06-06
    Reply to Thagard.Don Ross - 1996 - Dialogue 35 (1):161-164.
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  36. added 2019-06-06
    Cognitive Science in the Philosopher's Mill.Marcelo Dascal - 1995 - Pragmatics and Cognition 3 (1):133-145.
  37. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophical Applications of Cognitive Science.Moral Imagination: Implications of Cognitive Science for Ethics.A. I. Goldmam & M. Johnson - 1995 - Philosophical Quarterly 45 (178):120-122.
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  38. added 2019-06-06
    Review of What Is Cognitive Science? By Barbara Von Eckardt. [REVIEW]Paul Thagard - 1995 - Philosophy of Science 62 (2):345-346.
  39. added 2019-06-06
    Philosophical Applications of Cognitive Science. [REVIEW]Andrew Melnyk - 1994 - Review of Metaphysics 48 (2):404-405.
    In this exceptionally lucid book, Goldman deploys an enviable knowledge of the cognitive science literature in order to make a sustained but highly readable case for the conclusion that findings in cognitive science are relevant to resolving a wide range of philosophical problems. He does not hold that cognitive science can replace philosophy; nor, except perhaps briefly in his chapter on philosophy of mind, does he consider cognitive science as an object of philosophical analysis.
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  40. added 2019-06-06
    Forms of Representation: An Interdisciplinary Theme for Cognitive Science.Donald Peterson (ed.) - 1994 - Intellect Books.
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  41. added 2019-06-06
    J. C. Smith . Historical Foundations of Cognitive Science. Dordrecht: Kluwer, 1990. Pp. Xxiii + 303. ISBN 0-7923-045109. [REVIEW]Alison Turtle - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (4):498-499.
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  42. added 2019-06-06
    R. N. Giere. Explaining Science: A Cognitive Approach. Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1988. Pp. Xxi + 321. ISBN 0-226-269205-3. £27.95. [REVIEW]R. G. A. Dolby - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (3):336-337.
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  43. added 2019-06-06
    Cognitive Science and Learning.David Townsend - 1989 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 4 (2):10-11.
  44. added 2019-06-05
    Structures in Science: Heuristic Patterns Based on Cognitive Structures An Advanced Textbook in Neo-Classical Philosophy of Science.T. A. F. Kuipers - 2001 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  45. added 2019-06-05
    Churchland on Cognitive Creativity and the Understanding of Science. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):879.
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  46. added 2019-06-03
    Reasoning About Uncertain Conditionals.Niki Pfeifer - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (4):849-866.
    There is a long tradition in formal epistemology and in the psychology of reasoning to investigate indicative conditionals. In psychology, the propositional calculus was taken for granted to be the normative standard of reference. Experimental tasks, evaluation of the participants’ responses and psychological model building, were inspired by the semantics of the material conditional. Recent empirical work on indicative conditionals focuses on uncertainty. Consequently, the normative standard of reference has changed. I argue why neither logic nor standard probability theory provide (...)
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  47. added 2019-05-23
    What Is a Cognitive System?Robert D. Rupert - forthcoming - Cognitive Semantics 5.
    A theory of cognitive systems individuation is presented and defended. The approach has some affinity with Leonard Talmy's Overlapping Systems Model of Cognitive Organization, and the paper's first section explores aspects of Talmy's view that are shared by the view developed herein. According to the view on offer -- the conditional probability of co-contribution account (CPC) -- a cognitive system is a collection of mechanisms that contribute, in overlapping subsets, to a wide variety of forms of intelligent behavior. Central to (...)
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  48. added 2019-05-22
    The Acquisition of Religious Belief and the Attribution of Delusion.José Eduardo Porcher - 2018 - Filosofia Unisinos 19 (3).
    My aim in this paper is to consider the question ‘Why is belief in God not a delusion?’. In the first half of the paper, I distinguish two kinds of religious belief: institutional and personal religious belief. I then review how cognitive science accounts for cultural processes in the acquisition and transmission of institutional religious beliefs. In the second half of the paper, I present the clinical definition of delusion and underline the fact that it exempts cultural beliefs from clinical (...)
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  49. added 2019-05-20
    The Scientific Study of Belief and Pain Modulation: Conceptual Problems.Miguel Farias, Guy Kahane & Nicholas Shackel - 2016 - In F. P. Mario, M. F. P. Peres, G. Lucchetti & R. F. Damiano (eds.), Spirituality, Religion and Health: From Research to Clinical Practice. New York, USA: Springer.
    We examine conceptual and methodological problems that arise in the course of the scientific study of possible influences of religious belief on the experience of physical pain. We start by attempting to identify a notion of religious belief that might enter into interesting psychological generalizations involving both religious belief and pain. We argue that it may be useful to think of religious belief as a complex dispositional property that relates believers to a sufficiently thick belief system that encompasses both cognitive (...)
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  50. added 2019-05-06
    Phenomenology, Naturalism and Non-Reductive Cognitive Science.Jack Alan Reynolds, Cathy Legg, Sean Bowden & Patrick Stokes - 2018 - Australasian Philosophical Review 2 (2):119-124.
    Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2018, Page 119-124.
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