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Philosophy of Cognitive Science

Edited by Gualtiero Piccinini (University of Missouri, St. Louis)
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  1. added 2016-12-09
    Luis H. Favela & Jonathan Martin (forthcoming). “Cognition” and Dynamical Cognitive Science. Minds and Machines:1-25.
    Several philosophers have expressed concerns with some recent uses of the term ‘cognition’. Underlying a number of these concerns are claims that cognition is only located in the brain and that no compelling case has been made to use ‘cognition’ in any way other than as a cause of behavior that is representational in nature. These concerns center on two primary misapprehensions: First, that some adherents of dynamical cognitive science think DCS implies the thesis of extended cognition and the rejection (...)
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  2. added 2016-12-09
    Tuomas Leisti & Jukka Häkkinen (2016). The Effect of Introspection on Judgment and Decision Making is Dependent on the Quality of Conscious Thinking. Consciousness and Cognition 42:340-351.
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  3. added 2016-12-08
    Moreira de Carvalho Eros (2016). An Actionist Approach to the Justificational Role of Perceptual Experience. Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 72 (2-3):545-572.
    In this paper, I defend an account of how perceptual experience can bear rational relation to our empirical thought. In the first part, I elaborate two claims that are central for the justificational role of perceptual experience, namely, the claim that perception and belief share the same kind of content, and the claim that perception is independent from belief. At first sight, these claims seems not to be compatible, since the first one seems to require the truth of content conceptualism, (...)
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  4. added 2016-12-06
    Yannick Jadoul, Andrea Ravignani, Bill Thompson, Piera Filippi & Bart de Boer (2016). Seeking Temporal Predictability in Speech: Comparing Statistical Approaches on 18 World Languages. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  5. added 2016-12-06
    L. A. Paul (2016). Experience, Metaphysics, and Cognitive Science. In Justin Sytsma & Wesley Buckwalter (eds.), A Companion to Experimental Philosophy. Wiley 419-433.
    This chapter presents an opinionated account of how to understand the contributions of experience, especially with respect to the role of cognitive science, in developing and assessing metaphysical theories of reality. I develop a methodological basis for the idea that, independently of work in experimental philosophy focused on explications of concepts, contemporary metaphysical theories with a role for experiential evidence can be fruitfully connected to empirical work in psychology, especially cognitive science. My argument is not that cognitive science should replace (...)
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  6. added 2016-12-06
    Sean O. Nuallain (2016). Consciousness and Brain Science: Mechanisms by Which Nature Knows Itself Through Us. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 12 (2):192-225.
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  7. added 2016-12-06
    Brenton Hordacre, Nigel C. Rogasch & Mitchell R. Goldsworthy (2016). Commentary: Utility of EEG Measures of Brain Function in Patients with Acute Stroke. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  8. added 2016-12-06
    Natalia C. Prymaczok, Roland Riek & Juan Gerez (2016). More Than a Rumor Spreads in Parkinson's Disease. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  9. added 2016-12-06
    L. A. Paul (2014). Experience and the Arrow. In Alastair Wilson (ed.), Chance and Temporal Asymmetry. 175-193.
    The debate over the temporal arrow is a debate over what fundamental ontology is needed for the temporal asymmetry of the universe, which determines the fact that time seems to be oriented or directed from earlier to later. This temporal asymmetry underlies (or, as some might argue, is the same as) the asymmetrical fact that the past is fixed while the future is open, as well as the global asymmetries of counterfactual, causal and agential direction. I explore the metaphysics of (...)
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  10. added 2016-12-05
    Felipe Romero (forthcoming). Can the Behavioral Sciences Self-Correct? A Social Epistemic Study. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    Advocates of the self-corrective thesis argue that scientific method will refute false theories and find closer approximations to the truth in the long run. I discuss a contemporary interpretation of this thesis in terms of frequentist statistics in the context of the behavioral sciences. First, I identify experimental replications and systematic aggregation of evidence (meta-analysis) as the self-corrective mechanism. Then, I present a computer simulation study of scientific communities that implement this mechanism to argue that frequentist statistics may converge upon (...)
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  11. added 2016-12-05
    Galanos Vasileios (2016). Singularitarianism and Schizophrenia. AI and Society:1-18.
    Given the contemporary ambivalent standpoints toward the future of artificial intelligence, recently denoted as the phenomenon of Singularitarianism, Gregory Bateson’s core theories of ecology of mind, schismogenesis, and double bind, are hereby revisited, taken out of their respective sociological, anthropological, and psychotherapeutic contexts and recontextualized in the field of Roboethics as to a twofold aim: (a) the proposal of a rigid ethical standpoint toward both artificial and non-artificial agents, and (b) an explanatory analysis of the reasons bringing about such a (...)
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  12. added 2016-12-04
    Peter Carruthers (forthcoming). Are Epistemic Emotions Metacognitive? Philosophical Psychology:1-15.
    This article addresses the question whether epistemic emotions are in any sense inherently metacognitive. The paper begins with some critical discussion of a recent suggestion made by Joelle Proust, that these emotions might be implicitly or procedurally metacognitive. It then explores the theoretical resources that are needed to explain how such emotions arise and do their work. While there is a perennial temptation to think that epistemic emotions are somehow about the cognitive states of the person undergoing the emotion, we (...)
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  13. added 2016-12-04
    Aida Grabauskaitė, Mindaugas Baranauskas & Inga Griškova-Bulanova (2017). Interoception and Gender: What Aspects Should We Pay Attention To? Consciousness and Cognition 48:129-137.
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  14. added 2016-12-04
    Chris Oriet, Mamata Pandey & Jun-Ichiro Kawahara (2017). Attention Capture Without Awareness in a Non-Spatial Selection Task. Consciousness and Cognition 48:117-128.
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  15. added 2016-12-04
    Arien Mack, Jason Clarke, Muge Erol & John Bert (2017). Scene Incongruity and Attention. Consciousness and Cognition 48:87-103.
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  16. added 2016-12-04
    Jason Shepard & Aneyn O’Grady (2017). What Kinds of Alternative Possibilities Are Required of the Folk Concept of Choice? Consciousness and Cognition 48:138-148.
    Our concept of choice is integral to the way we understand others and ourselves, especially when considering ourselves as free and responsible agents. Despite the importance of this concept, there has been little empirical work on it. In this paper we report four experiments that provide evidence for two concepts of choice—namely, a concept of choice that is operative in the phrase having a choice and another that is operative in the phrase making a choice. The experiments indicate that the (...)
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  17. added 2016-12-04
    Amabilis H. Harrison, Michael D. Noseworthy, James P. Reilly, Weiguang Guan & John F. Connolly (2017). EEG and fMRI Agree: Mental Arithmetic is the Easiest Form of Imagery to Detect. Consciousness and Cognition 48:104-116.
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  18. added 2016-12-04
    Nirit Soffer-Dudek, Leah Shelef, Idit Oz, Anna Levkovsky, Ifaat Erlich & Shirley Gordon (2017). Absorbed in Sleep: Dissociative Absorption as a Predictor of Sleepiness Following Sleep Deprivation in Two High-Functioning Samples. Consciousness and Cognition 48:161-170.
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  19. added 2016-12-04
    Molly Jackson-Nielsen, Michael A. Cohen & Michael A. Pitts (2017). Perception of Ensemble Statistics Requires Attention. Consciousness and Cognition 48:149-160.
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  20. added 2016-12-04
    Veena Kumari, Elena Antonova, Bernice Wright, Aseel Hamid, Eva Machado Hernandez, Anne Schmechtig & Ulrich Ettinger (2017). The Mindful Eye: Smooth Pursuit and Saccadic Eye Movements in Meditators and Non-Meditators. Consciousness and Cognition 48:66-75.
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  21. added 2016-12-04
    Judith Katz, Noam Saadon-Grosman & Shahar Arzy (2017). The Life Review Experience: Qualitative and Quantitative Characteristics. Consciousness and Cognition 48:76-86.
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  22. added 2016-12-03
    Gabriel Vacariu (2016). The UNBELIEVABLE Similarities Between Sean Carroll’s Idea (2016) (California Institute of Technology, USA) or Frank Wilczek’s Ideas (2016) (Nobel Prize on Physics) and My Ideas (2002-2010). Dissertation, Bucharest University
    The UNBELIEVABLE similarities between Sean Carroll’s idea (2016) (California Institute of Technology, USA) (within the wrong framework, the “universe”) and my ideas (2002-2010) (within the EDWs framework) on quantum mechanics, the relationship between Einstein relativity and quantum mechanics, life, the mind-brain problem, etc. This document is about Carroll M. Sean (2016), The Big Picture: On the Origins of Life, Meaning, and the Universe Itself, Dutton Also, the unbelievable similaririty between Wilczek's idea (2016) and my idea (2002-2008) on Bohr's complementarity applied (...)
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  23. added 2016-12-02
    Sean Allen-Hermanson (forthcoming). So THAT'S What It's Like! In Companion to the Philosophy of Animal Minds. Routledge
    Many philosophers have held that we cannot say what it is like to be a bat as they present a fundamentally alien form of life. Another view held by some philosophers, bat scientists, and even many laypersons is that echolocation is, somehow, at least in part, a kind of visual experience. Either way, bat echolocation is taken to be something very mysterious and exotic. I utilize empirical and intuitive considerations to support an alternative view making a much more mundane contention (...)
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  24. added 2016-12-02
    Robert J. Rovetto (2016 Sept). The Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain Ontology – Towards an International Information System for Space Data. In Proceedings of The Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies (AMOS) Conference.
  25. added 2016-12-02
    Robert J. Rovetto (2016). Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain Ontology. In Stefano Borgo, Jean-Rémi Bourguet & Adrien Barton (eds.), CEUR workshop proceedings of The Joint Ontology Workshops, with the 9th International Conference of Formal Ontology for Information Systems (FOIS), Early Career Symposium. CEUR Scientific Workshops
  26. added 2016-12-02
    Robert John Rovetto (2016). Ontology Archtecures for the Orbital Space Environment and Space Situational Awareness Domain. In Stefano Borgo, Loris Bozzato, Chiara Del Vescovo & Martin Homola (eds.), Proceedings of the Joint Ontology Workshops with the 9th International Conference on Formal Ontology in Information Systems. CEUR
    This paper applies some ontology architectures to the space domain, specifically the orbital and near-earth space environment and the space situational awareness domain. I briefly summarize local, single and hybrid ontology architectures, and offer potential space ontology architectures for each by showing how actual space data sources and space organizations would be involved.
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  27. added 2016-12-01
    Michael J. Crosse, Giovanni M. Di Liberto, Adam Bednar & Edmund C. Lalor (2016). The Multivariate Temporal Response Function Toolbox: A MATLAB Toolbox for Relating Neural Signals to Continuous Stimuli. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  28. added 2016-12-01
    Karen le LiEmmorey, Xiaoxia Feng, Chunming Lu & Guosheng Ding (2016). Functional Connectivity Reveals Which Language the “Control Regions” Control During Bilingual Production. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  29. added 2016-11-30
    Dario Rodighiero & Loup Cellard, Self-Recognition in Data Visualization: How People See Themselves in Social Visualizations.
    Self-recognition is an intimate act performed by people. Inspired by Paul Ricoeur, we reflect upon the action of self-recognition, especially when data visualization represents the observer itself. Along the article, the reader is invited to think about this specific relationship through concepts like the personal identity stored in information systems, the truthfulness at the core of self-recognition, and the mutual-recognition among community members. In the context of highly interdisciplinary research, we unveil two protagonists in data visualization: the designer and the (...)
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  30. added 2016-11-30
    Gagan Deep Kaur (forthcoming). Cognitive Bearing of Techno-Advances in Kashmiri Carpet Designing. AI and Society.
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  31. added 2016-11-30
    Anika Fiebich (forthcoming). Pluralism, Social Cognition, and Interaction in Autism. Philosophical Psychology:1-17.
    In this paper, I investigate social cognition and its relation to interaction in autism from the perspective of a pluralist account of social understanding by considering behavioral as well as neuroscientific findings. Traditionally, researchers have focused on mental state reasoning in autism, which is uncontroversially impaired. A pluralist account of social cognition aims to explore the varieties of social understanding that are acquired throughout ontogeny and may play a role in everyday life. The analysis shows that children with autism are (...)
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  32. added 2016-11-29
    Ezio Di Nucci (forthcoming). Habits, Priming, Aliefs and the Explanation of Mindless Action. Minds and Machines.
    There is a growing body of evidence on the influences of automatic and unconscious processes on our actions. Here I introduce some representative examples of this growing body of evidence, chosen so as to form a diverse group of related mindless phenomena: habits, skills, priming and nudges (Section 1). I then argue that this evidence challenges traditional belief-desire-based approaches in the philosophy of action (Sections 2 and 3). I further discuss a recently proposed solution to this challenge, Gendler’s Alief, finding (...)
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  33. added 2016-11-28
    Joshua Stein (2016). Valuing Life as Necessary for Moral Status: A Noteon Depression and Personhood. Neuroethics 9 (1):45-51.
    Many contemporary accounts of moral status consider an individual's status to be grounded in some cognitive capacity, e.g. the capacity to experience certain states, to reason morally, etc. One proposed cognitive capacity significant particularly to killing, i.e. having a status that precludes being killed absent cause, is the capacity to value one's own life. I argue that considering this a condition for moral status is a mistake, as it would lead to the exclusion of some individuals with mental health problems (...)
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  34. added 2016-11-28
    Joshua Stein (2014). The View From Vector Space: An Account of Conceptual Geography. Journal of Cognition and Neuroethics 2 (1):71-91.
  35. added 2016-11-27
    E. Diaz-Leon (forthcoming). Phenomenal Concepts: Neither Circular nor Opaque. Philosophical Psychology:1-14.
    In this paper, I focus on an influential account of phenomenal concepts, the recognitional account, and defend it from some recent challenges. According to this account, phenomenal concepts are recognitional concepts that we use when we recognize experiences as “another one of those.” Michael Tye has argued that this account is viciously circular because the relevant recognitional abilities involve descriptions of the form “another experience of the same type,” which is also a phenomenal concept. Tye argues that we avoid the (...)
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  36. added 2016-11-26
    Alexey Bakhirev, NEW PRINCIPLE FOR ENCODING INFORMATION TO CREATE SUBJECTIVE REALITY IN ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS.
    The paper outlines an analysis of two types of information - ordinary and subjective, consideration is given to the difference between the concepts of intelligence and perceiving mind. It also provides description of some logical functional features of consciousness. A technical approach is proposed to technical obtaining of subjective information by changing the signal’s time degree of freedom to the spatial one in order to obtain the "observer" function in the system and information signals appearing in relation to it, that (...)
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  37. added 2016-11-26
    Alexey Bakhirev, THE MAIN MIND PARADOX. WHY THERE IS NO POINT IN BACKING UP BRAIN AND PERSONALITY.
    Attempts to reproduce animateness using appliances generates a paradox that provides a new view to life and death, that differs from both religious and atheistic visions.
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  38. added 2016-11-26
    Jérémie Lafraire (forthcoming). Facing the Mirror: A Relativist Account of Immune Nonconceptual Self-Representations. Philosophical Psychology:1-15.
    There is a consensus among philosophers that some “I”-thoughts are immune to error through misidentification. In some recent papers, this property has been formulated in the following deflationist way: an “I”-thought is immune to error through misidentification when it can misrepresent the mental or bodily property self-ascribed but cannot misrepresent the subject possessing that property. However, it has been put forward that the range of mental and bodily states that are immune in that limited sense cannot include nonconceptual forms of (...)
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  39. added 2016-11-26
    Christian Miller (2016). On Shermer On Morality. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences:63-68.
    This paper is part of a six paper exchange with Michael Shermer. This is my critical commentary on Michael Shermer's paper “Morality is real, objective, and natural.” Shermer and I agree that morality is both real and objective. Here I raise serious reservations about both Shermer's account of where morality comes from and his account of what morality tells us to do. His approach to the foundations of morality would allow some very disturbing behaviors to count as moral, and his (...)
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  40. added 2016-11-26
    Rocco J. Gennaro (2016). H.O.T. Theory, Concepts, and Synesthesia: A Reply to Adams and Shreve. Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 3 (443-448).
    Rocco J. Gennaro ABSTRACT: In response to Fred Adams and Charlotte Shreve’s paper entitled “What Can Synesthesia Teach Us about Higher Order Theories of Consciousness?”, previously published in Symposion, I argue that H.O.T. theory does have the resources to account for synesthesia and the specific worries that they advance in their paper, such as the...
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  41. added 2016-11-25
    Elijah Chudnoff (forthcoming). The Epistemic Significance of Perceptual Learning. Inquiry.
    First impressions suggest the following contrast between perception and memory: perception generates new beliefs and reasons, justification, or evidence for those beliefs; memory preserves old beliefs and reasons, justification, or evidence for those beliefs. In this paper I argue that reflection on perceptual learning gives us reason to adopt an alternative picture on which perception plays both generative and preservative epistemic roles.
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  42. added 2016-11-25
    Giuseppe Riva (2016). Neurobiology of Anorexia Nervosa: Serotonin Dysfunctions Link Self-Starvation with Body Image Disturbances Through an Impaired Body Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  43. added 2016-11-25
    Kara J. Blacker & Susan M. Courtney (2016). Distinct Neural Substrates for Maintaining Locations and Spatial Relations in Working Memory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  44. added 2016-11-24
    Mariarosaria Taddeo (2016). On the Risks of Relying on Analogies to Understand Cyber Conflicts. Minds and Machines 26 (4):317-321.
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  45. added 2016-11-24
    Louisa V. Kulke, Janette Atkinson & Oliver Braddick (2016). Neural Differences Between Covert and Overt Attention Studied Using EEG with Simultaneous Remote Eye Tracking. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  46. added 2016-11-24
    Mario Treviño, Braniff De la Torre-Valdovinos & Elias Manjarrez (2016). Noise Improves Visual Motion Discrimination Via a Stochastic Resonance-Like Phenomenon. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  47. added 2016-11-24
    Evelyn Fox Keller (2008). Organisms, Machines, and Thunderstorms: A History of Self-Organization (I). Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 38 (1):45-75.
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  48. added 2016-11-23
    Julian O'Kelly, Jörg C. Fachner & Mari Tervaniemi (2016). Editorial: Dialogues in Music Therapy and Music Neuroscience: Collaborative Understanding Driving Clinical Advances. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  49. added 2016-11-22
    Maël Pégny (2016). How to Make a Meaningful Comparison of Models: The Church–Turing Thesis Over the Reals. Minds and Machines 26 (4):359-388.
    It is commonly believed that there is no equivalent of the Church–Turing thesis for computation over the reals. In particular, computational models on this domain do not exhibit the convergence of formalisms that supports this thesis in the case of integer computation. In the light of recent philosophical developments on the different meanings of the Church–Turing thesis, and recent technical results on analog computation, I will show that this current belief confounds two distinct issues, namely the extension of the notion (...)
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  50. added 2016-11-21
    U. K. Government & Office for Science (2016). Artificial Intelligence: Opportunities and Implications for the Future of Decision Making.
    Artificial intelligence has arrived. In the online world it is already a part of everyday life, sitting invisibly behind a wide range of search engines and online commerce sites. It offers huge potential to enable more efficient and effective business and government but the use of artificial intelligence brings with it important questions about governance, accountability and ethics. Realising the full potential of artificial intelligence and avoiding possible adverse consequences requires societies to find satisfactory answers to these questions. This report (...)
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