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  1. added 2021-09-27
    Introspection and Belief: Failures of Introspective Belief Formation.Chiara Caporuscio - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology.
    Introspection has traditionally been defined as a privileged way of obtaining beliefs about one’s occurrent mental states, and the idea that it is psychologically and epistemically different from non-introspective belief formation processes has been widely defended. At the same time, philosophers and cognitive scientists alike have pointed out the unreliability of introspective reports in consciousness research. In this paper, I will argue that this dissonance in the literature can be explained by differentiating between infallible and informative introspective beliefs. I will (...)
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  2. added 2021-09-25
    Boulders in the Stream: The Lineage and Founding of the Society for the Anthropology of Consciousness.Stephan A. Schwartz - forthcoming - Anthropology of Consciousness.
    Anthropology of Consciousness, EarlyView.
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  3. added 2021-09-25
    The Sensory Deprivation Tank – A Time Machine.Matthew T. Phillips - forthcoming - Anthropology of Consciousness.
    Anthropology of Consciousness, EarlyView.
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  4. added 2021-09-25
    The Context of Suffering: Empirical Insights Into the Problem of Evil.Ian M. Church, Isaac Warchol & Justin Barrett - forthcoming - TheoLogica: An International Journal for Philosophy of Religion and Philosophical Theology.
    While the evidential problem of evil has been enormously influential within the contemporary philosophical literature—William Rowe’s 1979 formulation in “The Problem of Evil and Some Varieties of Atheism” being the most seminal—no academic research has explored what cognitive mechanisms might underwrite the appearance of pointlessness in target examples of suffering. In this exploratory paper, we show that the perception of pointlessness in the target examples of suffering that underwrite Rowe’s seminal formulation of the problem of evil is contingent on the (...)
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  5. added 2021-09-25
    A Heuristic Model for Designing Interventions in Multicultural Mental Health Encounters: The Case of a Community Mental Health Center Among the Mapuche of Chile.Markus Wiencke - forthcoming - Anthropology of Consciousness.
    Anthropology of Consciousness, EarlyView.
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  6. added 2021-09-25
    Roots and Branches: Reflections on the Origin Points of the Anthropology of Consciousness.Nicole Torres - forthcoming - Anthropology of Consciousness.
    Anthropology of Consciousness, EarlyView.
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  7. added 2021-09-25
    Toward an Anthropology of “Sustainable Network-Society”.Prashant Kumar Singh - forthcoming - Anthropology of Consciousness.
    Anthropology of Consciousness, EarlyView.
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  8. added 2021-09-25
    The Emergence of a Rhizomatic Mode of Consciousness Through Body Movement: Ethnography of Taijiquan Martial Artists.Tomáš Paul - forthcoming - Anthropology of Consciousness.
    Anthropology of Consciousness, EarlyView.
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  9. added 2021-09-25
    Consciousness and the Laws of Physics.S. Carroll - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (9-10):16-31.
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  10. added 2021-09-25
    A Tale of Two Perspectives: How Psychology and Neuroscience Contribute to Understanding Personhood.Erin I. Smith - 2021 - Scientia et Fides 9 (2).
    Empirical science, such as psychology and neuroscience, employ diverse methods to develop data driven models and explanations for complex phenomena. In research on the self, differences in these methods produce different depictions of persons. Research in developmental psychology highlights the role of intuitive beliefs, such as psychological essentialism and intuitive dualism, in individuals’ singular, cohesive, and stable sense of self. On the other hand, research in neuroscience highlights the de-centralized, distributed, multitudes of neural networks in competition making selves, with arguments (...)
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  11. added 2021-09-25
    Can a Post-Galilean Science of Consciousness Avoid Substance Dualism?R. S. Weir - 2021 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 28 (9-10):212-228.
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  12. added 2021-09-25
    Are Delusions Bad for You?Lisa Bortolotti - 2015 - Forum for European Philosophy Blog.
    Lisa Bortolotti argues that there is more to judging delusions than whether they accurately reflect the world.
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  13. added 2021-09-24
    Is Your Neural Data Part of Your Mind? Exploring the Conceptual Basis of Mental Privacy.Abel Wajnerman Paz - forthcoming - Minds and Machines:1-21.
    It has been argued that neural data are an especially sensitive kind of personal information that could be used to undermine the control we should have over access to our mental states, and therefore need a stronger legal protection than other kinds of personal data. The Morningside Group, a global consortium of interdisciplinary experts advocating for the ethical use of neurotechnology, suggests achieving this by treating legally ND as a body organ. Although the proposal is currently shaping ND-related policies, it (...)
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  14. added 2021-09-24
    Indicatives, Subjunctives, and the Falsity of the Antecedent.Niels Skovgaard-Olsen & Peter Collins - forthcoming - Cognitive Science.
    It is widely held that there are important differences between indicative conditionals (e.g. “If the authors are linguists, they have written a linguistics paper”) and subjunctive conditionals (e.g. “If the authors had been linguists, they would have written a linguistics paper”). A central difference is that indicatives and subjunctives convey different stances towards the truth of their antecedents. Indicatives (often) convey neutrality: for example, about whether the authors in question are linguists. Subjunctives (often) convey the falsity of the antecedent: for (...)
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  15. added 2021-09-24
    Integrating AI ethics in wildlife conservation AI systems in South Africa: a review, challenges, and future research agenda.Irene Nandutu, Marcellin Atemkeng & Patrice Okouma - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-13.
    With the increased use of Artificial Intelligence in wildlife conservation, issues around whether AI-based monitoring tools in wildlife conservation comply with standards regarding AI Ethics are on the rise. This review aims to summarise current debates and identify gaps as well as suggest future research by investigating current AI Ethics and AI Ethics issues in wildlife conservation, Initiatives Stakeholders in AI for wildlife conservation should consider integrating AI Ethics in wildlife conservation. We find that the existing literature weakly focuses on (...)
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  16. added 2021-09-24
    Reasoning About Properties: A Computational Theory.Sangeet Khemlani & P. N. Johnson-Laird - forthcoming - Psychological Review.
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  17. added 2021-09-24
    The Interaction Between Typically Developing Students and Peers With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Regular Schools in Ghana: An Exploration Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour.Maxwell Peprah Opoku, William Nketsia, J.-F., Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Elvis Agyei-Okyere & Mohammed Safi - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The purpose of this study is to assess the intention of typically developing peers towards learning in the classroom with students with Autism Spectrum Disorder. In developing countries, such as Ghana, the body of literature on the relationship between students with disabilities and typically developing peers has been sparsely studied. Using Ajzen's theory of planned behaviour as a theoretical framework for this study, 516 typically developing students completed four scales representing belief constructs, attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioural controls, hypothesised (...)
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  18. added 2021-09-24
    Relationship Between Cardiac Cycle and the Timing of Actions During Action Execution and Observation.E. R. Palser, J. Glass, A. Fotopoulou & J. M. Kilner - 2021 - Cognition 217:104907.
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  19. added 2021-09-24
    The DSM-5 introduction of the Social (Pragmatic) Communication Disorder as a new mental disorder: a philosophical review.M. Cristina Amoretti, Elisabetta Lalumera & Davide Serpico - 2021 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 43 (4):1-31.
    The latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders included the Social Communication Disorder as a new mental disorder characterized by deficits in pragmatic abilities. Although the introduction of SPCD in the psychiatry nosography depended on a variety of reasons—including bridging a nosological gap in the macro-category of Communication Disorders—in the last few years researchers have identified major issues in such revision. For instance, the symptomatology of SPCD is notably close to that of Autism Spectrum Disorder. This (...)
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  20. added 2021-09-24
    The Order of Disorder.Richard G. T. Gipps - 2021 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 28 (3):187-190.
    When assessing a new philosophical theory of psychopathology, a first question might be: is it descriptive or revisionary in intent? Does it aim to provide reflective understanding of what is already meant by correct uses of ‘mental disorder’? Or instead to redeploy that familiar term in articulating a new concept meeting particular desiderata? Nielsen offers us an ‘enactive conceptualization’ of mental disorder, and conceptualizations are typically understood as inventive rather than descriptive. However it was not entirely clear to me, from (...)
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  21. added 2021-09-23
    Creative Introspection and the Structure of the Experiencing Subject.Silvere Gangloff - manuscript
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  22. added 2021-09-23
    A neo-aristotelian perspective on the need for artificial moral agents.Alejo José G. Sison & Dulce M. Redín - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-19.
    We examine Van Wynsberghe and Robbins critique of the need for Artificial Moral Agents and its rebuttal by Formosa and Ryan set against a neo-Aristotelian ethical background. Neither Van Wynsberghe and Robbins essay nor Formosa and Ryan’s is explicitly framed within the teachings of a specific ethical school. The former appeals to the lack of “both empirical and intuitive support” for AMAs, and the latter opts for “argumentative breadth over depth”, meaning to provide “the essential groundwork for making an all (...)
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  23. added 2021-09-23
    The widening rift between aesthetics and ethics in the design of computational things.Sabrina Hauser, Johan Redström & Heather Wiltse - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-17.
    In the face of massively increased technological complexity, it is striking that so many of today’s computational and networked things follow design ideals honed decades ago in a much different context. These strong ideals prescribe a presentation of things as useful tools through design and a withdrawal of aspects of their functionality and complexity. Beginning in the mid-twentieth century, we trace this ‘withdrawal program’ as it has persisted in the face of increasing computational complexity. Currently, design is in a dilemma (...)
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  24. added 2021-09-23
    Mind Causality : A Computational Neuroscience Approach.Edmund T. Rolls - forthcoming - Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience.
    A neuroscience-based approach has recently been proposed for the relation between the mind and the brain. The proposal is that events at the sub-neuronal, neuronal, and neuronal network levels take place simultaneously to perform a computation that can be described at a high level as a mental state, with content about the world. It is argued that as the processes at the different levels of explanation take place at the same time, they are linked by a non-causal supervenient relationship: causality (...)
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  25. added 2021-09-23
    The Structure of Analog Representation.Andrew Y. Lee, Joshua Myers & Gabriel Oak Rabin - forthcoming - Noûs.
    This paper develops a theory of analog representation. We first argue that the mark of the analog is to be found in the nature of a representational system’s interpretation function, rather than in its vehicles or contents alone. We then develop the rulebound structure theory of analog representation, according to which analog systems are those marked by the use of interpretive rules that map syntactic structural features onto semantic structural features. The theory involves three degree-theoretic measures that capture three independent (...)
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  26. added 2021-09-23
    Linking Creativity and False Memory: Common Consequences of a Flexible Memory System.Preston P. Thakral, Aleea L. Devitt, Nadia M. Brashier & Daniel L. Schacter - 2021 - Cognition 217:104905.
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  27. added 2021-09-23
    The Factor Structure and Rasch Analysis of the Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-19S) Among Chinese Students.Wei Chen, Yuxin Liang, Xingyu Yin, Xingrong Zhou & Rongfen Gao - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    The Fear of COVID-19 Scale is a new one-dimensional scale used to measure fear of an individual about the COVID-19. Given the seriousness of the COVID-19 situation in China when our study was taking place, our aim was to translate and examine the applicability of the FCV-19S in Chinese students. The sample used for validation comprised 2,445 Chinese students. The psychometrical characteristics of the Chinese FCV-19S were tested using Rasch analysis. Principal component analysis proved the unidimensional structure of the model. (...)
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  28. added 2021-09-23
    Prevalence of Potentially Morally Injurious Events in Operationally Deployed Canadian Armed Forces Members.Ken Kirkwood, Kevin T. Hansen & Charles G. Nelson - 2021 - Journal of Traumatic Stress 34:764-772.
  29. added 2021-09-23
    The Difficulty of English Adverbial Constructions for the Foreign Learners.Emin Yas - 2017 - Batman University Journal of Life Sciences 2 (7):46-61.
    The purpose of this paper is to bring to the light what difficulties or burden the English Adverbial Clauses have for foreign language learners (FLLs) or second language learners (SLLs) In this context, the syntactic structure of such grammatical category has been examined. This has been done by examining the syntactic properties of adverbial clauses as grammatical unity by emphasising their structures. The most important books that are available in the English speaking world have been inquired. This corpus analysis has (...)
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  30. added 2021-09-22
    Correction to: Structural Disjunctivism, Indistinguishability and Introspection.Dirk Franken - forthcoming - Acta Analytica:1-1.
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  31. added 2021-09-22
    Culture, Genes, Selection, and Learning: A Response to Nichols, Mackey & Moll.Anton Killin & Ross Pain - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
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  32. added 2021-09-22
    The Unfounded Bias Against Autonomous Weapons Systems.Áron Dombrovszki - 2021 - Információs Társadalom 21 (2):13–28.
    Autonomous Weapons Systems (AWS) have not gained a good reputation in the past. This attitude is odd if we look at the discussion of other-usually highly anticipated-AI-technologies, like autonomous vehicles (AVs); whereby even though these machines evoke very similar ethical issues, philosophers' attitudes towards them are constructive. In this article, I try to prove that there is an unjust bias against AWS because almost every argument against them is effective against AVs too. I start with the definition of "AWS." Then, (...)
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  33. added 2021-09-21
    Self, Me and I in the Repertoire of Spontaneously Occurring Altered States of Selfhood: Eight Neurophenomenological Case Study Reports.Andrew And Alexander Fingelkurts & Tarja Kallio-Tamminen - forthcoming - Cognitive Neurodynamics.
    This study investigates eight case reports of spontaneously emerging, brief episodes of vivid altered states of Selfhood (ASoSs) that occurred during mental exercise in six long-term meditators by using a neurophenomenological electroencephalography (EEG) approach. In agreement with the neurophenomenological methodology, first-person reports were used to identify such spontaneous ASoSs and to guide the neural analysis, which involved the estimation of three operational modules of the brain self-referential network (measured by EEG operational synchrony). The result of such analysis demonstrated that the (...)
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  34. added 2021-09-21
    What can science fiction tell us about the future of artificial intelligence policy?Andrew Dana Hudson, Ed Finn & Ruth Wylie - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    This paper addresses the gap between familiar popular narratives describing Artificial Intelligence, such as the trope of the killer robot, and the realistic near-future implications of machine intelligence and automation for technology policy and society. The authors conducted a series of interviews with technologists, science fiction writers, and other experts, as well as a workshop, to identify a set of key themes relevant to the near future of AI. In parallel, they led the analysis of almost 100 recent works of (...)
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  35. added 2021-09-20
    What Might Interoceptive Inference Reveal about Consciousness?Niia Nikolova, Peter Thestrup Waade, Karl J. Friston & Micah Allen - forthcoming - Review of Philosophy and Psychology:1-28.
    The mainstream science of consciousness offers a few predominate views of how the brain gives rise to awareness. Chief among these are the Higher-Order Thought Theory, Global Neuronal Workspace Theory, Integrated Information Theory, and hybrids thereof. In parallel, rapid development in predictive processing approaches have begun to outline concrete mechanisms by which interoceptive inference shapes selfhood, affect, and exteroceptive perception. Here, we consider these new approaches in terms of what they might offer our empirical, phenomenological, and philosophical understanding of consciousness (...)
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  36. added 2021-09-20
    Evolutionary psychology, learning, and belief signaling: design for natural and artificial systems.Eric Funkhouser - forthcoming - Synthese:1-23.
    Recent work in the cognitive sciences has argued that beliefs sometimes acquire signaling functions in virtue of their ability to reveal information that manipulates “mindreaders.” This paper sketches some of the evolutionary and design considerations that could take agents from solipsistic goal pursuit to beliefs that serve as social signals. Such beliefs will be governed by norms besides just the traditional norms of epistemology. As agents become better at detecting the agency of others, either through evolutionary history or individual learning, (...)
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  37. added 2021-09-19
    Interface Theory Vs Gibson: An Ontological Defense of the Ecological Approach.Andrew D. Wilson - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (7):989-1010.
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  38. added 2021-09-19
    Not All Structure and Dynamics Are Equal.Garrett Mindt - 2021 - Entropy 23 (9).
    The hard problem of consciousness has been a perennially vexing issue for the study of consciousness, particularly in giving a scientific and naturalized account of phenomenal experience. At the heart of the hard problem is an often-overlooked argument, which is at the core of the hard problem, and that is the structure and dynamics (S&D) argument. In this essay, I will argue that we have good reason to suspect that the S&D argument given by David Chalmers rests on a limited (...)
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  39. added 2021-09-19
    Moral Judgments as Educated Intuitions.Steven McFarlane - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (7):1073-1076.
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  40. added 2021-09-19
    Moral Judgement and Moral Progress: The Problem of Cognitive Control.Michael Klenk & Hanno Sauer - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (7):938-961.
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  41. added 2021-09-19
    Information in the Universal Triangle of Reality for Non-Living/Living Structures: From Philosophy to Neuro/Life Sciences.Florin Gaiseanu - 2021 - Philosophy Study 11 (8):607-621.
    With the purpose to understand better the role of information not only in communication systems, but actually in our environmental reality, this paper presented the model of Universal Triangle of Reality, composed by Matter, Energy and Information, as fundamental constitutive components of this reality. Arguments coming from the field of physics, both at the cosmic and microparticles scale are presented, showing undoubtable conclusions that information is a fundamental component of reality in our material world. At the cosmic level, where the (...)
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  42. added 2021-09-19
    An Enactivist Reconceptualization of the Medical Model.Michelle Maiese - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (7):962-988.
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  43. added 2021-09-19
    Cyber Security and Dehumanisation.Marie Oldfield - 2021 - 5th Digital Geographies Research Group Annual Symposium.
    Artificial Intelligence is becoming widespread and as we continue ask ‘can we implement this’ we neglect to ask ‘should we implement this’. There are various frameworks and conceptual journeys one should take to ensure a robust AI product; context is one of the vital parts of this. AI is now expected to make decisions, from deciding who gets a credit card to cancer diagnosis. These decisions affect most, if not all, of society. As developers if we do not understand or (...)
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  44. added 2021-09-19
    Empiricism, Syntax, and Ontogeny.Gabe Dupre - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (7):1011-1046.
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  45. added 2021-09-19
    Intuitions About Moral Relevance—Good News for Moral Intuitionism.Hossein Dabbagh - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34 (7):1047-1072.
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  46. added 2021-09-17
    Designing AI Nudging for Social Good: New Healthcare Skills for Digital Personal Assistants.Marianna Capasso & Steven Umbrello - manuscript
    Traditional medical practices and relationships are changing given the widespread adoption of AI-driven technologies across the various domains of health and healthcare. In many cases, these new technologies are not specific to the field of healthcare. Still, they are existent, ubiquitous, and commercially available systems upskilled to integrate these novel care practices. Given the widespread adoption, coupled with the dramatic changes in practices, new ethical and social issues emerge due to how these systems nudge users into making decisions and changing (...)
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  47. added 2021-09-17
    The Dawn of Social Robots: Anthropological and Ethical Issues.Georg Gasser - forthcoming - Minds and Machines:1-8.
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  48. added 2021-09-17
    Embodied Imagination and Metaphor Use in Autism Spectrum Disorder.Zuzanna Rucinska, Shaun Gallagher & Thomas Fondelli - 2021 - Healthcare 9 (9):200.
    This paper discusses different frameworks for understanding imagination and metaphor in the context of research on the imaginative skills of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In contrast to a standard linguistic framework, it advances an embodied and enactive account of imagination and metaphor. The paper describes a case study from a systemic therapeutic session with a child with ASD that makes use of metaphors. It concludes by outlining some theoretical insights into the imaginative skills of children with ASD that (...)
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  49. added 2021-09-17
    Aristotle and Bergson on Time.Manuel C. Ortiz de Landázuri - unknown
    Both in Being and Time and Basic Problems of Phenomenology Heidegger criticized Bergson’s views on time by affirming that he misunderstood Aristotle’s traditional exposition from Physics IV. In this paper I will examine Bergson’s distinction between durée and the time of physics to show its relationship with Aristotle’s exposition. I will defend Bergson’s view on time by showing that it does not criticise Aristotle’s, as Heidegger says, but rather develops a different approach that goes beyond the Aristotelian paradigm. For this (...)
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  50. added 2021-09-17
    Social and Enactive Perspectives on Pretending.Zuzanna Rucinska - 2019 - Avant: Trends in Interdisciplinary Studies 10 (3).
    This paper presents pretending as an enacted and fundamentally social activity. First, it demonstrates why we should think of pretense as inherently social. Then, it shows how that fact affects our theory in terms of what is needed in order to pretend. Standardly, pretense is seen as requiring a mechanism that allows one to bypass the “obvious” re- sponse to the environment in order to opt for a symbolic response; that mechanism is im- aginative and representational. This paper shows that (...)
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