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  1. added 2020-09-25
    Life, Local Constraints and Meaning Generation. An Evolutionary Approach to Cognition (2015).Christophe Menant - manuscript
    The relations between life and cogntion have been addressed through different perspectives [Stewart 1996, Boden 2001, Bourgine and Stewart 2004, van Duijn & all 2006, Di Paolo 2009]. We would like here to address that subject by relating life to cognition through a process of meaning generation. Life emerged on earth as a far from thermodynamic equilibrium performance that had to maintain herself. Life is charactertized by a ‘stay alive’ constraint that has to be satisfied (such constraint can be included (...)
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  2. added 2020-09-25
    Brain Training Habits Are Not Associated with Generalized Benefits to Cognition: An Online Study of Over 1000 “Brain Trainers”.Bobby Stojanoski, Conor J. Wild, Michael E. Battista, Emily S. Nichols & Adrian M. Owen - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  3. added 2020-09-25
    The Sociocognitive Approach in Critical Discourse Studies and the Phenomenological Sociology of Knowledge: Intersections.Daniel Gyollai - forthcoming - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences:1-20.
    This article argues that phenomenological sociology has great potential to provide a strong theoretical support to the Sociocognitive Approach in Critical Discourse Studies. SCA is interested in the interconnections between knowledge, discourse and society while placing subjectivity in the centre of its framework. It looks into the correlative relationship between personal- and socially shared knowledge, and the significance of these correlations to discourse production and interpretation. Analogously, phenomenological sociology explores the interrelated structures of subjectivity, knowledge and the social world. It (...)
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  4. added 2020-09-25
    Anthropocentric Biases in Teleological Thinking: How Nature Seems Designed for Humans.Jesse L. Preston & Faith Shin - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  5. added 2020-09-25
    Mindfulness Interventions Improve Momentary and Trait Measures of Attentional Control: Evidence From a Randomized Controlled Trial.Brian Chin, Emily K. Lindsay, Carol M. Greco, Kirk Warren Brown, Joshua M. Smyth, Aidan G. C. Wright & J. David Creswell - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  6. added 2020-09-25
    Which Social Comparisons Influence Happiness with Unequal Pay?Eleanor Putnam-Farr & Carey K. Morewedge - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  7. added 2020-09-25
    Sinking In: The Peripheral Baldwinisation of Human Cognition.Cecilia Heyes, Nick Chater & Dominic Michael Dwyer - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  8. added 2020-09-25
    Altercentric Cognition: How Others Influence Our Cognitive Processing.Dora Kampis & Victoria Southgate - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  9. added 2020-09-25
    Logistic or Linear? Estimating Causal Effects of Experimental Treatments on Binary Outcomes Using Regression Analysis.Robin Gomila - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  10. added 2020-09-25
    Speakers and Listeners Exploit Word Order for Communicative Efficiency: A Cross-Linguistic Investigation.Paula Rubio-Fernandez, Francis Mollica & Julian Jara-Ettinger - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  11. added 2020-09-25
    Temporal Context Guides Visual Exploration During Scene Recognition.James E. Kragel & Joel L. Voss - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  12. added 2020-09-25
    Do You Feel Like Me or Not? This is the Question: Manipulation of Emotional Imagery Modulates Affective Priming.Dalit Milshtein, Shachar Hochman & Avishai Henik - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103026.
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  13. added 2020-09-25
    Effects of Different Stimulation Conditions on the Stimulation Effect of Noisy Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation.Yasuto Inukai, Shota Miyaguchi, Miki Saito, Naofumi Otsuru & Hideaki Onishi - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  14. added 2020-09-25
    Computational Capacity of Pyramidal Neurons in the Cerebral Cortex.Danko D. Georgiev, Stefan K. Kolev, Eliahu Cohen & James F. Glazebrook - 2020 - Brain Research 1748:147069.
    The electric activities of cortical pyramidal neurons are supported by structurally stable, morphologically complex axo-dendritic trees. Anatomical differences between axons and dendrites in regard to their length or caliber reflect the underlying functional specializations, for input or output of neural information, respectively. For a proper assessment of the computational capacity of pyramidal neurons, we have analyzed an extensive dataset of three-dimensional digital reconstructions from the NeuroMorphoOrg database, and quantified basic dendritic or axonal morphometric measures in different regions and layers of (...)
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  15. added 2020-09-25
    Brain States Matter. A Reply to the Unfolding Argument.Johannes Kleiner - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:102981.
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  16. added 2020-09-25
    the concept of phenomenological psychology.Eduardo Luis Cormanich - 2018 - Revista Do Nufen 10 (3):143-165.
    This article explores the development of the concept of Phenomenological Psychology in the work of the philosopher Edmund Husserl and, more specifically, in the work "Phenomenological Psychology" that corresponds to vol. IX of the complete works of the philosopher, denominated Husserliana. We present the husserlian through the formation of the concept of Phenomenological Psychology and how its understanding makes possible answers to questions about psychology scientificity, which has been present since its foundation as a modern science, at the end of (...)
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  17. added 2020-09-24
    Structure and Logic of Conceptual Mind.Venkata Rayudu Posina - manuscript
    Mind, according to cognitive neuroscience, is a set of brain functions. But, unlike sets, our minds are cohesive. Moreover, unlike the structureless elements of sets, the contents of our minds are structured. Mutual relations between the mental contents endow the mind its structure. Here we characterize the structural essence and the logical form of the mind by focusing on thinking. Examination of the relations between concepts, propositions, and syllogisms involved in thinking revealed the reflexive graph structure of the conceptual mind. (...)
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  18. added 2020-09-24
    Naïve Beliefs Shape Emotional Reactions to Evaluative Feedback.Thomas I. Vaughan-Johnston & Jill A. Jacobson - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-10.
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  19. added 2020-09-24
    Automation, Basic Income and Merit.Katharina Nieswandt - forthcoming - In Keith Breen & Jean-Philippe Deranty (eds.), Whither Work? The Politics and Ethics of Contemporary Work.
    A recent wave of academic and popular publications say that utopia is within reach: Automation will progress to such an extent and include so many high-skill tasks that much human work will soon become superfluous. The gains from this highly automated economy, authors suggest, could be used to fund a universal basic income (UBI). Today's employees would live off the robots' products and spend their days on intrinsically valuable pursuits. I argue that this prediction is unlikely to come true. Historical (...)
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  20. added 2020-09-24
    The Past as a Resource for the Bereaved: Nostalgia Predicts Declines in Distress.Chelsea A. Reid, Jeffrey D. Green, Stephen D. Short, Kelcie D. Willis, Jaclyn M. Moloney, Elizabeth A. Collison, Tim Wildschut, Constantine Sedikides & Sandra Gramling - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-13.
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  21. added 2020-09-24
    Memo Akten’s Learning to See: From Machine Vision to the Machinic Unconscious.Claudio Celis Bueno & María Jesús Schultz Abarca - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-11.
    This article uses Memo Akten’s art installation Learning to See to challenge the belief that machine learning and machine vision are neutral and objective technologies. Furthermore, this article follows Bernard Stiegler to contend that not only machine vision but also human vision is the result of constant training processes that rely directly on technology. From this perspective, human vision is always already technical. Likewise, in an age dominated growingly by machine learning technologies, it is possible to speak not only of (...)
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  22. added 2020-09-24
    Роль С. Н. Шпильрейн в формировании теоретического базиса аналитической психологии.Valentin Balanovskiy - 2020 - Сибирский Психологический Журнал 74 (1):6-21.
    The article is devoted to an objective assessment of the role of Sabina Spielrein – one of the Russian pioneers of psychoanalysis – in the forming of theoretical basis of analytical psychology. A bibliographic review precedes the main part, in order to show the prevailing bias towards the consideration of personal life and the subjective features of Spielrein’s creativity, and not her ideas. In the first part the author briefly considers Spielrein’s contribution to the empirical justification and further development of (...)
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  23. added 2020-09-24
    Emotion Matters: The Influence of Valence on Episodic Future Thinking in Young and Older Adults.Mónica C. Acevedo-Molina, Alexandra W. Novak, LiseAnne M. Gregoire, Leah G. Mann, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna & Matthew D. Grilli - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103023.
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  24. added 2020-09-24
    Privacy Is Power.Carissa Véliz - 2020 - London, UK: Penguin (Bantam Press).
    Privacy Is Power argues that people should protect their personal data because privacy is a kind of power. If we give too much of our data to corporations, the wealthy will rule. If we give too much personal data to governments, we risk sliding into authoritarianism. For democracy to be strong, the bulk of power needs to be with the citizenry, and whoever has the data will have the power. Privacy, I argue, is not a personal preference; it is a (...)
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  25. added 2020-09-24
    Artificial Consciousness, Meta-Knowledge, and Physical Omniscience.Ron Chrisley - 2020 - Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Consciousness 7 (2):199-215.
    Previous work [Chrisley & Sloman, 2016, 2017] has argued that a capacity for certain kinds of meta-knowledge is central to modeling consciousness, especially the recalcitrant aspects of qualia, in computational architectures. After a quick review of that work, this paper presents a novel objection to Frank Jackson's Knowledge Argument (KA) against physicalism, an objec- tion in which such meta-knowledge also plays a central role. It is first shown that the KA's supposition of a person, Mary, who is physically omniscient, and (...)
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  26. added 2020-09-24
    Machine Learning Approaches for MDD Detection and Emotion Decoding Using EEG Signals.Lijuan Duan, Huifeng Duan, Yuanhua Qiao, Sha Sha, Shunai Qi, Xiaolong Zhang, Juan Huang, Xiaohan Huang & Changming Wang - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  27. added 2020-09-24
    Not All Words Are Equally Acquired: Transitional Probabilities and Instructions Affect the Electrophysiological Correlates of Statistical Learning.Ana Paula Soares, Francisco-Javier Gutiérrez-Domínguez, Margarida Vasconcelos, Helena M. Oliveira, David Tomé & Luis Jiménez - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  28. added 2020-09-24
    Effects of High-Definition Transcranial Direct-Current Stimulation on Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Patients With Disorders of Consciousness.Rui Zhang, Lipeng Zhang, Yongkun Guo, Li Shi, Jinfeng Gao, Xinjun Wang & Yuxia Hu - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  29. added 2020-09-24
    Consciously Monitored Grasping is Vulnerable to Perceptual Intrusions.Gal Navon & Tzvi Ganel - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103019.
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  30. added 2020-09-24
    I. Kant and C.G. Jung on the Prospects of Scientific Psychology.Valentin Balanovskiy - 2017 - Estudos Kantianos 5 (1):375-390.
    This study aims to show a similarity of Kant’s and Jung’s approaches to an issue of the possibility of scientific psychology, hence to explicate what they thought about the future of psychology. Therefore, the article contains heuristic material, which can contribute in a resolving of such methodological task as searching of promising directions to improve philosophical and scientific psychology. To achieve the aim the author attempts to clarify an entity of Kant’s and Jung’s objections against even the possibility of scientific (...)
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  31. added 2020-09-24
    Brain Decoding-Classification of Hand Written Digits From fMRI Data Employing Bayesian Networks.Elahe' Yargholi & Gholam-Ali Hossein-Zadeh - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  32. added 2020-09-24
    Restricted Arm Swing Affects Gait Stability and Increased Walking Speed Alters Trunk Movements in Children with Cerebral Palsy.Tijs Delabastita, Kaat Desloovere & Pieter Meyns - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
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  33. added 2020-09-23
    The Science of Self-Control.Santiago Amaya - manuscript
    In this review, I discuss recent advances in philosophical and psychological approaches to self-control. The review is divided in 4 parts, in which I discuss: a) different conceptions of self-control; b) standard methods for studying it; c) some models of how self-control is exercised; and d) the connections between self-control and other relevant psychological constructs. The review was originally commissioned by the John Templeton Foundation to provide an informative overview that would knit together different strands of current debates in the (...)
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  34. added 2020-09-23
    Expanding Care-Centered Value Sensitive Design: Designing Care Robots with AI for Social Good Norms.Steven Umbrello, Marianna Capasso, Maurizio Balistreri, Alberto Pirni & Federica Merenda - manuscript
    The increasing automation and ubiquity of robotics deployed within the field of care boasts promising advantages. However, challenging ethical issues arise also as a consequence. This paper takes care robots for the elderly as the subject of analysis, building on previous literature in the domain of the ethics and design of care robots. It takes the value sensitive design (VSD) approach to technology design and extends its application to care robots by not only integrating the values of care, but also (...)
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  35. added 2020-09-23
    Range Content, Attention, and the Precision of Representation.Trey Boone - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology:1-21.
    A number of authors have recently cited phenomenal effects of covert attention as a source of objection to representationalism. These authors maintain that covert attention brings about changes to phenomenology that cannot be explained by changes in representational content. This paper deals with two related issues that are central to this debate: (1) how attention interacts with representational content, and (2) how variations in the precision or determinacy of representational content should be incorporated into representationalist accounts of perceptual phenomenology. I (...)
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  36. added 2020-09-23
    Review of Robot Rights by David J. Gunkel. [REVIEW]Kestutis Mosakas - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-4.
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  37. added 2020-09-23
    Consequences of Unexplainable Machine Learning for the Notions of a Trusted Doctor and Patient Autonomy.Michal Klincewicz & Lily Frank - 2020 - Proceedings of the 2nd EXplainable AI in Law Workshop (XAILA 2019) Co-Located with 32nd International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems (JURIX 2019).
    This paper provides an analysis of the way in which two foundational principles of medical ethics–the trusted doctor and patient autonomy–can be undermined by the use of machine learning (ML) algorithms and addresses its legal significance. This paper can be a guide to both health care providers and other stakeholders about how to anticipate and in some cases mitigate ethical conflicts caused by the use of ML in healthcare. It can also be read as a road map as to what (...)
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  38. added 2020-09-23
    Measures of Agency.Thor Grünbaum & Mark Schram Christensen - 2020 - Neuroscience of Consciousness 2020 (1):niaa019.
    The sense of agency is typically defined as the experience of controlling one’s own actions, and through them, changes in the external environment. It is often assumed that this experience is a single, unified construct that can be experimentally manipulated and measured in a variety of ways. In this article, we challenge this assumption. We argue that we should acknowledge four possible agency-related psychological constructs. Having a clear grasp of the possible constructs is important since experimental procedures are only able (...)
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  39. added 2020-09-23
    Getting to the Heart of It: Multi-Method Exploration of Nonconscious Prioritization Processes.Yaniv Abir & Ran R. Hassin - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103005.
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  40. added 2020-09-23
    Structure in the Stream of Consciousness: Evidence From a Verbalized Thought Protocol and Automated Text Analytic Methods.Chandra Sripada & Aman Taxali - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:103007.
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  41. added 2020-09-23
    Could Acting Training Improve Social Cognition and Emotional Control?Brennan McDonald, Thalia R. Goldstein & Philipp Kanske - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  42. added 2020-09-22
    On the Everydayness of Trauma.Ryan Wasser - manuscript
    Shaili Jain's The Unspeakable Mind is an impressive examination of the stress experienced by a veteran community that too often is handled with a sense of clinical sterility that borders on inhumanity, or a that of pandering condescension. However, what is striking about Jain's text is the lack of analysis of how trauma manifests in what Heidegger would refer to as average everydayness. In this essay I interrogate average everyday manifestations and ideal manifestations of trauma using a comparative lens. By (...)
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  43. added 2020-09-22
    Technology as Terrorism: Police Control Technologies and Drone Warfare.Jessica Wolfendale - manuscript
    Debates about terrorism and technology often focus on the potential uses of technology by non-state terrorist actors and by states as forms of counterterrorism. Yet, little has been written about how technology shapes how we think about terrorism. In this chapter I argue that technology, and the language we use to talk about technology, constrains and shapes our understanding of the nature, scope, and impact of terrorism, particularly in relation to state terrorism. After exploring the ways in which technology shapes (...)
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  44. added 2020-09-22
    Emotional Distractors and Attentional Control in Anxious Youth: Eye Tracking and fMRI Data.Ashley R. Smith, Simone P. Haller, Sara A. Haas, David Pagliaccio, Brigid Behrens, Caroline Swetlitz, Jessica L. Bezek, Melissa A. Brotman, Ellen Leibenluft, Nathan A. Fox & Daniel S. Pine - forthcoming - Cognition and Emotion:1-19.
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  45. added 2020-09-22
    Designing our future bio-materiality.Carole Collet - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-12.
    A new road map for design is emerging out of interdisciplinary research across biology and design. Whilst in the second part of the twentieth century, the emergence of the digital realm altered and radically challenged conventional design and manufacturing processes, the beginning of the twenty-first century marks a strong shift towards the amalgamation of the binary code with biological systems. With advances in synthetic biology, we can now ‘biofabricate’ like Nature does. By tinkering and altering the DNA code or the (...)
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  46. added 2020-09-22
    Language Experience in Cognitive Maps and Image Spaces.Roberto Bottini & Christian F. Doeller - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  47. added 2020-09-22
    Cognitive Penetration and Informational Encapsulation: Have We Been Failing the Module?Sam Clarke - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    Jerry Fodor deemed informational encapsulation ‘the essence’ of a system’s modularity and argued that human perceptual processing comprises modular systems, thus construed. Nowadays, his conclusion is widely challenged. Often, this is because experimental work is seen to somehow demonstrate the cognitive penetrability of perceptual processing, where this is assumed to conflict with the informational encapsulation of perceptual systems. Here, I deny the conflict, proposing that cognitive penetration need not have any straightforward bearing on (a) the conjecture that perceptual processing is (...)
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  48. added 2020-09-22
    Maps and Space Are Entangled with Language Experience.Luca Rinaldi & Marco Marelli - forthcoming - Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
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  49. added 2020-09-22
    How to Be Concrete: Mechanistic Computation and the Abstraction Problem.Luke Kersten - 2020 - Philosophical Explorations 23 (3):251-266.
    This paper takes up a recent challenge to mechanistic approaches to computational implementation, the view that computational implementation is best explicated within a mechanistic framework. The challenge, what has been labelled “the abstraction problem”, claims that one of MAC’s central pillars – medium independence – is deeply confused when applied to the question of computational implementation. The concern is that while it makes sense to say that computational processes are abstract (i.e. medium-independent), it makes considerably less sense to say that (...)
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  50. added 2020-09-22
    Excavating “Excavating AI”: The Elephant in the Gallery.Michael J. Lyons - manuscript
    Contains critical commentary on the exhibitions "Training Humans" and "Making Faces" by Kate Crawford and Trevor Paglen, and on the accompanying essay "Excavating AI: The politics of images in machine learning training sets.".
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