29 found
Order:
  1. added 2017-10-17
    Does a Sufficiently Large Twin Prime Prove That the Set of Twin Primes is Infinite?Apoloniusz Tyszka - manuscript
    Let f(3)=4, and let f(n+1)=f(n)! for every integer n>=3. For an integer n>=3, let \Phi(n) denote the following statement: if a system S \subseteq {x_i!=x_k: (i,k \in {1,...,n}) \wedge (i \neq k)} \cup {x_i \cdot x_j=x_k: i,j,k \in {1,...,n}} has at most finitely many solutions in integers x_1,...,x_n greater than 1, then each such solution (x_1,...,x_n) satisfies x_1,...,x_n =< f(n). We conjecture that the statements \Phi_3,...,\Phi_{16} are true. We prove: (1) the statement Phi_6 proves the implication: if there exists an (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2. added 2017-10-17
    Life Is Strange and ‘‘Games Are Made’’: A Philosophical Interpretation of a Multiple-Choice Existential Simulator With Copilot Sartre.Luis De Miranda - 2016 - Games and Culture 1 (18).
    The multiple-choice video game Life is Strange was described by its French developers as a metaphor for the inner conflicts experienced by a teenager in trying to become an adult. In psychological work with adolescents, there is a stark similarity between what they experience and some concepts of existentialist philosophy. Sartre’s script for the movie Les Jeux Sont Faits (literally ‘‘games are made’’) uses the same narrative strategy as Life is Strange—the capacity for the main characters to travel back in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3. added 2017-10-04
    “The Nature of Avatars: A Response to Roxanne Kurtz’s ‘My Avatar, My Choice’.”.Scott Forschler - 2016 - APA Newsletter on Philosophy and Computers 16 (1):48-51.
    Roxanne Kurtz has argued that the "virtual rape" of a character in a computer-generated world (an avatar) shares many (though obviously not all) of the wrong-making features of physical rape in the real world. I agree in part, but argue that, due to the typical features of virtual worlds, its wrongfulness is dominated by the harm it does to the avatar user's capacity for social interaction and self-representation. In the course of the argument I hope to shed more light upon (...)
    Remove from this list  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4. added 2017-09-28
    The Virtual and the Real.David Chalmers - forthcoming - Disputatio.
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. added 2017-09-27
    Genetically Modified Foods: Golden Rice.Kristen Hessler, Ross Whetten, Carol Loopstra, Sharon Shriver, Karen Pesaresi Penner, Robert Zeigler, Jacqueline Fletcher, Melanie Torre & Gary Comstock - 2010 - In Gary Comstock (ed.), Life Science Ethics, 2nd. ed. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 387-397.
  6. added 2017-09-18
    Some Resonances Between Eastern Thought and Integral Biomathics in the Framework of the WLIMES Formalism for Modelling Living Systems.Plamen L. Simeonov & Andree C. Ehresmann - forthcoming - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131 (Special).
    Forty-two years ago, Capra published “The Tao of Physics” (Capra, 1975). In this book (page 17) he writes: “The exploration of the atomic and subatomic world in the twentieth century has …. necessitated a radical revision of many of our basic concepts” and that, unlike ‘classical’ physics, the sub-atomic and quantum “modern physics” shows resonances with Eastern thoughts and “leads us to a view of the world which is very similar to the views held by mystics of all ages and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. added 2017-09-18
    Preserving a Combat Commander’s Moral Agency: The Vincennes Incident as a Chinese Room.Patrick Chisan Hew - 2016 - Ethics and Information Technology 18 (3):227-235.
    We argue that a command and control system can undermine a commander’s moral agency if it causes him/her to process information in a purely syntactic manner, or if it precludes him/her from ascertaining the truth of that information. Our case is based on the resemblance between a commander’s circumstances and the protagonist in Searle’s Chinese Room, together with a careful reading of Aristotle’s notions of ‘compulsory’ and ‘ignorance’. We further substantiate our case by considering the Vincennes Incident, when the crew (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  8. added 2017-09-15
    Philosophy of Games.C. Thi Nguyen - 2017 - Philosophy Compass 12 (8).
    What is a game? What are we doing when we play a game? What is the value of playing games? Several different philosophical subdisciplines have attempted to answer these questions using very distinctive frameworks. Some have approached games as something like a text, deploying theoretical frameworks from the study of narrative, fiction, and rhetoric to interrogate games for their representational content. Others have approached games as artworks and asked questions about the authorship of games, about the ontology of the work (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. added 2017-09-14
    Editorial. Special Issue on Integral Biomathics: The Necessary Conjunction of the Western and Eastern Thought Traditions for Exploring the Nature of Mind and Life.Plamen L. Simeonov, Arran Gare, Koichiro Matsuno & Abir U. Igamberdiev - forthcoming - Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology 131 (Special).
    The idea about this special issue came from a paper published as an updated and upridged version of an older memorial lecture given by Brian D. Josephson and Michael Conrad at the Gujarat Vidyapith University in Ahmedabad, India on March 2, 1984. The title of this paper was “Uniting Eastern Philosophy and Western Science” (1992). We thought that this topic deserves to be revisited after 25 years to demonstrate to the scientific community which new insights and achievements were attained in (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. added 2017-09-13
    The Universe as a Computer Game, From Virtual to Actual Reality.Alfred Driessen - manuscript
    From the very beginning of ancient Greek philosophy up to the present day a puzzling correlation is found between rationality and reality. In this study this relation is examined with emphasis on the philosophical tradition of Aristotle and Aquinas. A comparison is made with the virtual reality created by computers and actual reality of our universe. A challenging hypothesis is made by updating the Laplacian Demon by a powerful creative intellect in line with Judeo-Christian tradition. With this hypothesis a new (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11. added 2017-09-11
    Technology and Mathematics: Philosophical and Historical Investigations.Hansson Sven Ove (ed.) - forthcoming - Springer.
    Remove from this list  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12. added 2017-09-10
    The Meaning of ‘Other’ in Classifications: Formal Methods Meet Artistic Research.Patrick Allo - forthcoming - Philosophy and Technology:1-5.
    This commentary is a reflection on a collaboration with the artist Rossella Biscotti and comments on how artistic research and logico-mathematical methods can be used to contribute to the development of critical perspectives on contemporary data practices.
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13. added 2017-09-10
    Universality, Invariance, and the Foundations of Computational Complexity in the Light of the Quantum Computer.Michael Cuffaro - forthcoming - In Sven Ove Hansson (ed.), Technology and Mathematics: Philosophical and Historical Investigations. Springer.
  14. added 2017-09-09
    Review of J. K. Feibleman, Technology and Reality. [REVIEW]Edmund Byrne - 1984 - Nature and System 6 (4).
  15. added 2017-09-05
    Questioning Technological Determinism Through Empirical Research.Mark David Webster - 2017 - Symposion. Theoretical and Applied Inquiries in Philosophy and Social Sciences 4 (1):107-125.
    Mark David Webster ABSTRACT: Using qualitative methods, the author sought to better understand how philosophical assumptions about technology affect the thinking, and influence the decision making, of educational technology leaders in their professional practice. One of the research questions focused on examining whether assumptions of technological determinism were present in thinking and influenced the decisions that leaders make. The core category that emerged from data analysis, Keep up with technology (or be left behind), was interpreted to be a manifestation of (...)
    No categories
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16. added 2017-09-05
    Philosophy of Technology Assumptions in Educational Technology Leadership.Mark David Webster - 2017 - Journal of Educational Technology and Society 20 (1):25–36.
    A qualitative study using grounded theory methods was conducted to (a) examine what philosophy of technology assumptions are present in the thinking of K-12 technology leaders, (b) investigate how the assumptions may influence technology decision making, and (c) explore whether technological determinist assumptions are present. Subjects involved technology directors and instructional technology specialists from school districts, and data collection involved interviews and a written questionnaire. Three broad philosophy of technology views were widely held by participants, including an instrumental view of (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17. added 2017-09-05
    Examining Philosophy of Technology Using Grounded Theory Methods.Mark David Webster - 2016 - Forum: Qualitative Social Research 17 (2).
    A qualitative study was conducted to examine the philosophy of technology of K-12 technology leaders, and explore the influence of their thinking on technology decision making. The research design aligned with CORBIN and STRAUSS grounded theory methods, and I proceeded from a research paradigm of critical realism. The subjects were school technology directors and instructional technology specialists, and data collection consisted of interviews and a written questionnaire. Data analysis involved the use of grounded theory methods including memo writing, open and (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18. added 2017-09-05
    Philosophy of Technology Assumptions in Educational Technology Leadership: Questioning Technological Determinism.Mark David Webster - 2013 - Dissertation, Northcentral University
    Scholars have emphasized that decisions about technology can be influenced by philosophy of technology assumptions, and have argued for research that critically questions technological determinist assumptions. Empirical studies of technology management in fields other than K-12 education provided evidence that philosophy of technology assumptions, including technological determinism, can influence the practice of technology leadership. A qualitative study was conducted to a) examine what philosophy of technology assumptions are present in the thinking of K-12 technology leaders, b) investigate how the assumptions (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19. added 2017-08-16
    A Virtue Epistemology of the Internet: Search Engines, Intellectual Virtues, and Education.Richard Heersmink - forthcoming - Social Epistemology.
    This paper applies a virtue epistemology approach to using the Internet, as to improve our information-seeking behaviours. Virtue epistemology focusses on the cognitive character of agents and is less concerned with the nature of truth and epistemic justification as compared to traditional analytic epistemology. Due to this focus on cognitive character and agency, it is a fruitful but underexplored approach to using the Internet in an epistemically desirable way. Thus, the central question in this paper is: How to use the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20. added 2017-08-03
    Creativity, Human and Transhuman: The Childhood Factor (Final Draft).Eduardo R. Cruz - forthcoming - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 22.
    Transhumanists, like other elites in modernity, place great value on human creativity, and advances in human enhancement and AI are at the basis of their proposals for boosting it. However, there are problems with this perspective, due to the unique way by which humans have evolved, procreate and socialize. We first describe how creativity is related to past evolution and developmental aspects of children, stressing pretend play and the ambivalent character of creativity. Then, proposals for enhancing creativity are entertained, be (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21. added 2017-08-02
    Structuralism as a Response to Skepticism.David Chalmers - manuscript
  22. added 2017-08-01
    The Ethical Implications of Personal Health Monitoring.Brent Mittelstadt - 2014 - International Journal of Technoethics 5 (2):37-60.
    Personal Health Monitoring (PHM) uses electronic devices which monitor and record health-related data outside a hospital, usually within the home. This paper examines the ethical issues raised by PHM. Eight themes describing the ethical implications of PHM are identified through a review of 68 academic articles concerning PHM. The identified themes include privacy, autonomy, obtrusiveness and visibility, stigma and identity, medicalisation, social isolation, delivery of care, and safety and technological need. The issues around each of these are discussed. The system (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23. added 2017-07-31
    Minimium Harm by Design. Reworking Privacy by Design to Mitigate the Risks of Surveillance.Elisa Orrù - 2017 - In Van Brakel Leenes R. (ed.), Computers, Privacy and Data Protection: Invisibilities & Infrastructures. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 107-137.
    Particular applications of Privacy by Design (PbD) have proven to be valuable tools to protect privacy in many technological applications. However, PbD is not as promising when applied to technologies used for surveillance. After specifying how surveillance and privacy are understood in this paper, I will highlight the shortcomings of PbD when applied to surveillance, using a web-scanning system for counter-terrorism purposes as an example. I then suggest reworking PbD into a different approach: the Minimum Harm by Design (MHbD) model. (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24. added 2017-07-31
    Transparent Media and the Development of Digital Habits.Daniel Susser - 2017 - In Yoni Van den Eede, Stacy O'Neal Irwin & Galit Wellner (eds.), Postphenomenology and Media: Essays on Human-Media-World Relations. New York: Lexington Books. pp. 27-44.
    Our lives are guided by habits. Most of the activities we engage in throughout the day are initiated and carried out not by rational thought and deliberation, but through an ingrained set of dispositions or patterns of action—what Aristotle calls a hexis. We develop these dispositions over time, by acting and gauging how the world responds. I tilt the steering wheel too far and the car’s lurch teaches me how much force is needed to steady it. I come too close (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. added 2017-07-31
    Effects and Effectiveness of Surveillance Technologies: Mapping Perceptions, Reducing Harm.Elisa Orrù - 2015 - European University Institute Department of Law Research Papers 39:1-52.
    This paper addresses issues regarding perceptions of surveillance technologies in Europe. It analyses existing studies in order to explore how perceptions of surveillance affect and are affected by the negative effects of surveillance and how perceptions and effectiveness of surveillance technologies relate to each other. The paper identifies 12 negative effects of surveillance including, among others, privacy intrusion, the chilling effect and social exclusion, and classifies them into three groups. It further illustrates the different ways in which perceptions and effectiveness (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. added 2017-07-29
    Privacy is an Essentially Contested Concept: A Multidimensional Analytic for Mapping Privacy.Colin Koopman, Deirdre Mulligan & Nick Doty - 2016 - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 374 (2083).
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27. added 2017-07-28
    Philosophy of technology by Andrei Platonov: ideas and images in the space of mutual interpretation.A. A. Antipov - 2017 - Liberal Arts in Russia 6 (2):145-153.
    In the article, the development of the basic ideas of the philosophy of technology and literary text, exemplified by the work of A. Platonov is discussed. Mutual interpretation of philosophical and literary texts constitutes unity that has value both in the semantic and methodological sense. Philosophy reveals the meaning behind the metaphor and literature enriches the philosophical theory that gives rise to new results in understanding of the problem. According to the terminology by Max Weber, the imposition of philosophy on (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28. added 2017-07-27
    Varying the Explanatory Span: Scientific Explanation for Computer Simulations.Juan Manuel Durán - forthcoming - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science.
    This article aims to develop a new account of scientific explanation for computer simulations. To this end, two questions are answered: what is the explanatory relation for computer simulations? and what kind of epistemic gain should be expected? For several reasons tailored to the benefits and needs of computer simulations, these questions are better answered within the unificationist model of scientific explanation. Unlike previous efforts in the literature, I submit that the explanatory relation is between the simulation model and the (...)
    Remove from this list   Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29. added 2017-07-19
    Simulaciones computacionales: un análisis de dos concepciones antagónicas.Juan M. Durán - 2017 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology (April):xx-yy.