Philosophy of Computing and Information

Edited by Giuseppe Primiero (Università degli Studi di Milano)
180 found
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1 — 50 / 180
  1. added 2020-10-22
    Genealogy of Algorithms: Datafication as Transvaluation.Virgil W. Brower - 2020 - le Foucaldien 6 (1):1-43.
    This article investigates religious ideals persistent in the datafication of information society. Its nodal point is Thomas Bayes, after whom Laplace names the primal probability algorithm. It reconsiders their mathematical innovations with Laplace's providential deism and Bayes' singular theological treatise. Conceptions of divine justice one finds among probability theorists play no small part in the algorithmic data-mining and microtargeting of Cambridge Analytica. Theological traces within mathematical computation are emphasized as the vantage over large numbers shifts to weights beyond enumeration in (...)
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  2. added 2020-10-19
    A BRIEF OUTLINE OF THE POSSIBLE BASICS OF COSMOLOGY IN THE 22nd CENTURY, AND WHAT IT MEANS FOR RELIGION.Rodney Bartlett - manuscript
    This article’s conclusion is that the theories of Einstein are generally correct and will still be relevant in the next century (there will be modifications necessary for development of quantum gravity). Those Einsteinian theories are Special Relativity, General Relativity, and the title of a paper he published in 1919 which asked if gravitation plays a role in the composition of elementary particles of matter. This paper was the bridge between General Relativity and the Unified Field Theory he sought during the (...)
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  3. added 2020-10-13
    Synthetic Biology as a Technoscience: The Case of Minimal Genomes and Essential Genes.Massimiliano Simons - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
    This article examines how minimal genome research mobilizes philosophical concepts such as minimality and essentiality. Following a historical approach the article aims to uncover what function this terminology plays and which problems are raised by them. Specifically, four historical moments are examined, linked to the work of Harold J. Morowitz, Mitsuhiro Itaya, Eugene Koonin and Arcady Mushegian, and J. Craig Venter. What this survey shows is a historical shift away from historical questions about life or descriptive questions about specific organisms (...)
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  4. added 2020-10-12
    Myth and Technology: Finding Philosophy’s Role in Technological Change.Kieran Brayford - 2020 - Human Affairs 30 (4):526-534.
    In this paper, I argue that philosophy’s potential to influence technological change is impeded by the presence of two common and influential myths surrounding technology—the myth of progress and the myth of technological determinism. Such myths, I suggest, hinder philosophy’s influence by presenting a distorted image of technology—respectively, as an unqualified good, and as an entity with its own autonomous logic. Steven Pinker and Martin Heidegger are selected as influential advocates for progress and technological determinism respectively, and their work is (...)
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  5. added 2020-10-08
    How Scientific Instruments Speak: Postphenomenology and Technological Mediations in Neuroscientific Practice.Bas de Boer - 2021 - Lexington Books.
    Science is highly dependent on the technologies needed to observe scientific objects. In How Scientific Instruments Speak, Bas de Boer develops a philosophical account of instruments in scientific practice, focusing on the cognitive neurosciences. He argues for an understanding of scientific instruments as mediating technology.
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  6. added 2020-10-07
    Does What We Dream Feel Present? Two Varieties of Presence and Implications for Measuring Presence in VR.Michael Barkasi - forthcoming - Synthese:1-27.
    What's presented in our normal waking perceptual visual experiences feels present to us, while what we "see" in pictures and imagine does not. What about dreams? Does what we "see" in a dream feel present? Jennifer Windt has argued for an affirmative answer, for all dreams. But the dreams which flow from the brain's registration of myoclonic twitches (body-driven dreams) present a challenge to this answer. During these dreams (so I argue) motion-guiding vision is shut off, and, as Mohan Matthen (...)
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  7. added 2020-10-06
    This Friendship has Been Digitized.Stephen Asma - 2019 - New York Times.
    We can share experiences with a person online, but the experiences seem thin when compared with face-to-face experiences. Online adventures (social networking, gaming) can certainly strengthen friendship bonds that were forged in more embodied interactions, but can they create those bonds? The kind of presence required for deep friendship does not seem cultivated in many online interactions. Presence in friendship requires “being with” and “doing for” (sacrifice). The forms of “being with” and “doing for” on social networking sites (or even (...)
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  8. added 2020-10-06
    Reason and Reality in an Era of Conspiracy.Stephen Asma - 2017 - Quillette.Com.
    Conspiracy theories are on the rise. Some explanations suggest that they are caused by reduced or limited information streams --limited access to information. This article argues instead that information is more accessible than ever and an abundance of information is itself problematic if informal reasoning skills are impoverished. David Hume's claim that unfocused skepticism leads paradoxically to greater gullibility is examined. And the conspiratorial dimensions of Creationism are evaluated.
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  9. added 2020-09-28
    Universal Logic in Terms of Quantum Information.Vasil Penchev - 2020 - Metaphilosophy eJournal (Elsevier: SSRN) 12 (9):1-5.
    Any logic is represented as a certain collection of well-orderings admitting or not some algebraic structure such as a generalized lattice. Then universal logic should refer to the class of all subclasses of all well-orderings. One can construct a mapping between Hilbert space and the class of all logics. Thus there exists a correspondence between universal logic and the world if the latter is considered a collection of wave functions, as which the points in Hilbert space can be interpreted. The (...)
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  10. added 2020-09-22
    Technology as Terrorism: Police Control Technologies and Drone Warfare.Jessica Wolfendale - manuscript
    **Please email if you’d like a copy** -/- Debates about terrorism and technology often focus on the potential uses of technology by non-state terrorist actors and by states as forms of counterterrorism. Yet, little has been written about how technology shapes how we think about terrorism. In this chapter I argue that technology, and the language we use to talk about technology, constrains and shapes our understanding of the nature, scope, and impact of terrorism, particularly in relation to state terrorism. (...)
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  11. added 2020-09-22
    How to Be Concrete: Mechanistic Computation and the Abstraction Problem.Luke Kersten - 2020 - Philosophical Explorations 23 (3):251-266.
    This paper takes up a recent challenge to mechanistic approaches to computational implementation, the view that computational implementation is best explicated within a mechanistic framework. The challenge, what has been labelled “the abstraction problem”, claims that one of MAC’s central pillars – medium independence – is deeply confused when applied to the question of computational implementation. The concern is that while it makes sense to say that computational processes are abstract (i.e. medium-independent), it makes considerably less sense to say that (...)
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  12. added 2020-09-21
    Éditorial.Isabelle Pallot-Frossard - 2019 - Techne 47:3-5.
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  13. added 2020-09-21
    Éditorial.Isabelle Pallot-Frossard - 2019 - Techne 48:3.
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  14. added 2020-09-21
    La 8e Table Ronde Sur la Polychromie Antique.Brigitte Bourgeois, Violaine Jeammet & Francis Prost - 2019 - Techne 48:4-5.
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  15. added 2020-09-21
    The 8th Round Table on Ancient Polychromy.Brigitte Bourgeois, Violaine Jeammet & Francis Prost - 2019 - Techne 48:4-5.
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  16. added 2020-09-21
    Introduction.Françoise Barbe, Anne Bouquillon & Aurélie Gerbier - 2019 - Techne 47:6-11.
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  17. added 2020-09-21
    Éditorial.Isabelle Pallot-Frossard & Michel Menu - 2018 - Techne 46:3-5.
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  18. added 2020-09-21
    Éditorial.Isabelle Pallot-Frossard - 2017 - Techne 45:3.
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  19. added 2020-09-21
    Préambule aux Techniques D’Analyses Et de rechercheIntroduction to Analytical and Scientific Research Techniques.Alain Froment - 2016 - Techne 44:48-49.
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  20. added 2020-09-21
    Un sujet inhabituel pour la revue Technè.Noëlle Timbart, Hélène Guichard & Alain Froment - 2016 - Techne 44:4-7.
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  21. added 2020-09-21
    Introduction.Jean-Louis Boutaine & Claire Pacheco - 2016 - Techne 43:5-6.
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  22. added 2020-09-21
    Éditorial.Michel Menu - 2016 - Techne 43:3-4.
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  23. added 2020-09-21
    Éditorial.Isabelle Pallot-Frossard - 2016 - Techne 44:3.
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  24. added 2020-09-19
    Strengthening Weak Emergence.Nora Berenstain - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-18.
    Bedau's influential (1997) account analyzes weak emergence in terms of the non-derivability of a system’s macrostates from its microstates except by simulation. I offer an improved version of Bedau’s account of weak emergence in light of insights from information theory. Non-derivability alone does not guarantee that a system’s macrostates are weakly emergent. Rather, it is non-derivability plus the algorithmic compressibility of the system’s macrostates that makes them weakly emergent. I argue that the resulting information-theoretic picture provides a metaphysical account of (...)
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  25. added 2020-09-19
    Excavating “Excavating AI”: The Elephant in the Gallery.Michael J. Lyons - manuscript
    Contains critical commentary on the exhibitions "Training Humans" and "Making Faces" by Kate Crawford and Trevor Paglen, and on the accompanying essay "Excavating AI: The politics of images in machine learning training sets.".
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  26. added 2020-09-17
    Data Storage, Security And Techniques In Cloud Computing.R. Dinesh Arpitha & Shobha R. Sai - 2018 - International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews 5 (4).
    Cloud computing is the computing technology which provides resources like software, hardware, services over the internet. Cloud computing provides computation, software, data access, and storage services that do not require end- user knowledge of the physical location and configuration of the system that delivers the services. Cloud computing enables the user and organizations to store their data remotely and enjoy good quality applications on the demand without having any burden associated with local hardware resources and software managements but it possesses (...)
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  27. added 2020-09-15
    État de la Bibliographie Depuis 2009Bibliographical Update Since 2009.Vincent Rousseau - 2019 - Techne 47:140-142.
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  28. added 2020-09-15
    Mesopotamian Sculpture in Colour, Edited by Astrid Nunn and Heinrich Piening, PeWe-Verlag, Gladbeck, 2020.Astrid Nunn - 2019 - Techne 48:133-134.
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  29. added 2020-09-15
    Note Sur les Reliques du Triptyque-Reliquaire de la Vraie Croix Mosan (Inv. O. Dut 01238)Note on the Relics of the Mosan Staurotheque of the True Cross.Jannic Durand - 2018 - Techne 46:20-22.
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  30. added 2020-09-15
    Studies on Romanian Prehistoric Bronze Artifacts at ATOMKI Debrecen.Bogdan Constantinescu, Angela Vasilescu, Catalina Chiojdeanu & Daniela Stan - 2016 - Techne 43:61.
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  31. added 2020-09-15
    Préambule aux Méthodes Actuelles D’interventionIntroduction to Current Conservation Methods.Noëlle Timbart, Hélène Guichard & Alain Froment - 2016 - Techne 44:103.
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  32. added 2020-09-14
    Axiological Futurism: The Systematic Study of the Future of Human Values.John Danaher - manuscript
    Human values seem to vary across time and space. What implications does this have for the future of human value? Will our human and (perhaps) post-human offspring have very different values from our own? Can we study the future of human values in an insightful and systematic way? This article makes three contributions to the debate about the future of human values. First, it argues that the systematic study of future values is both necessary in and of itself and an (...)
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  33. added 2020-09-13
    A Shift From Cloud Computing Model to Fog Computing.C. Sailesh & S. Svermani - 2016 - Journal of Applied Computing 1 (1).
    Cloud computing has provided many opportunities to businesses and individuals. It enables global and on demand network access to a shared pool of resources with minimal management effort. However, this bliss has become a problem for latency-sensitive applications. To improve efficiency of cloud and to reduce the amount of data that needs to be transported to the cloud for data processing, analysis and storage, a new network architect technology 'Fog Computing' has been introduced. In fog computing, small applications and resources (...)
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  34. added 2020-09-12
    Considerations on the Polychromy of a Group of Nenfro Sculptures From Tuscania (Viterbo) Kept in the National Archaeological Museum of FlorenceConsidérations Sur la Polychromie D’Un Ensemble de Sculptures En Nenfro Provenant de Tuscania (Viterbe) Conservées au Musée Archéologique National de Florence.Claudia Noferi, Susanna Bracci, Giovanni Bartolozzi, Roberta Iannaccone, Sara Lenzi & Donata Magrini - 2019 - Techne 48:83-89.
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  35. added 2020-09-12
    The New Corpus of Painted Imperial Roman Marble Reliefs From Nicomedia: A Preliminary Report on polychromyLe Nouveau Corpus de Reliefs Romains D’Époque Impériale En Marbre Peint de Nicomédie : Rapport Préliminaire Sur la Polychromie.Mark B. Abbe & Tuna Şare Ağtürk - 2019 - Techne 48:100-109.
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  36. added 2020-09-12
    La peinture sur les sols de mortier et les mosaïques d’époque hellénistique : modes d’emploi d’une polychromie architecturale largement méconnue.Anne-Marie Guimier-Sorbets - 2019 - Techne 48:27-33.
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  37. added 2020-09-12
    La Couleur des Bronzes Antiques : Recherches récentesThe Colour of Ancient Bronzes: Recent Research.Sophie Descamps-Lequime - 2019 - Techne 48:72-82.
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  38. added 2020-09-12
    Investigations of a Gandharan Stucco Head of the Buddha at the Victoria and Albert Museum (IM.3-1931)Recherches Sur Une Tête de Bouddha En Stuc du Gandhara Conservée au Victoria & Albert Museum. [REVIEW]Giovanni Verri, Christian Luczanits, Victor Borges, Nick Barnard & John Clarke - 2019 - Techne 48:136-149.
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  39. added 2020-09-12
    Tracing the Colours of Hermogenes’ Temple of Artemis: Architectural Surface Analysis in the Antikensammlung BerlinLes Couleurs Retrouvées du Temple D’Artémis Construit Par Hermogène : Analyse de Surface Architecturale Dans la Collection des Antiquités de Berlin.Stephan Zink, Moritz Taschner, Ina Reiche, Matthias Alfeld, Cristina Aibéo, Ellen Egel, Katharina Müller, Anne Ristau, Birgit Neuhaus & Wolfgang Massmann - 2019 - Techne 48:14-26.
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  40. added 2020-09-12
    The Experimental Reconstruction of the Bronze Warriors of Riace as Part of the Frankfurt “Liebieghaus Polychromy Research Project”La Reconstitution Expérimentale des Bronzes de Riace Dans le Cadre des Études Sur la Polychromie au Liebieghaus de Francfort.Vinzenz Brinkmann & Ulrike Koch-Brinkmann - 2019 - Techne 48:120-132.
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  41. added 2020-09-12
    A Group of Painted Funerary Monuments From Hellenistic Alexandria in the Metropolitan Museum of ArtUn Ensemble de Monuments Funéraires Peints Provenant de L’Alexandrie Hellénistique au Metropolitan Museum of Art.Dorothy H. Abramitis & Mark B. Abbe - 2019 - Techne 48:60-71.
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  42. added 2020-09-12
    Un Nouvel Emploi du Cobalt Identifié Sur Un Vase En Alb'tre de la XVIIIe Dynastie Inscrit au Nom D’Amenhotep III Découvert À Ougarit (Syrie)A New Use of Cobalt Identified on an Alabaster Vase Inscribed with the Name of Amenhotep III Discovered in Ugarit.Valérie Matoïan & Anne Bouquillon - 2019 - Techne 48:150-157.
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  43. added 2020-09-12
    Color and perspective in Late Classical paintingCouleur et perspective dans la peinture grecque à la fin de la période classique.Elena Walter-Karydi - 2019 - Techne 48:55-59.
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  44. added 2020-09-12
    The “Lost Art” of Archaic Greek Painting: Revealing New Evidence on the Pitsa Pinakes Through MA-XRF and Imaging techniquesL’« Art Disparu » de la Peinture Grecque Archaïque. De Nouveaux Indices Révélés Sur les Pinakes de Pitsa Par MA-SFX Et Imagerie.Hariclia Brecoulaki, Giovanni Verri, Brigitte Bourgeois, Francesco Paolo Romano, Andreas G. Karydas, Claudia Caliri, Elena Martín González & Giorgos Kavvadias - 2019 - Techne 48:34-54.
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  45. added 2020-09-12
    Oplontis, 79 A.D.: Colours on Marble Furnishing From the Villa of PoppaeaOplontis, an 79 : Les Couleurs Sur la Décoration En Marbre de la Villa de Poppée. [REVIEW]Antonella Bonini, Susanna Bracci, Paolo Liverani, Giovanni Bartolozzi, Roberta Iannaccone, Sara Lenzi & Donata Magrini - 2019 - Techne 48:90-99.
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  46. added 2020-09-12
    “Reconstruction” of the Polychromy of Ancient Sculpture: A Necessary Evil?La « Restitution » de la Polychromie des Sculptures Antiques, Un Mal Nécessaire?Jan Stubbe Østergaard - 2019 - Techne 48:110-119.
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  47. added 2020-09-12
    Archaeometric Analyses of the Stuccoes and Polychromy on Temple C at Selinunte (Sicily)Analyse Archéométrique des Stucs Et de la Polychromie du Temple C de Sélinonte En Sicile.Lorenzo Lazzarini, Katia D’Ignoti, Giovanni Alfano, Stefano Cancelliere & Carmelo Bennardo - 2019 - Techne 48:6-13.
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  48. added 2020-09-11
    What Have Google’s Random Quantum Circuit Simulation Experiments Demonstrated About Quantum Supremacy?Jack K. Horner & John Symons - forthcoming - In Hamid R. Arabnia, Leonidas Deligiannidis, Fernando G. Tinetti & Quoc-Nam Tran (eds.), Advances in Software Engineering, Education, and e-Learning. Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature.
    Quantum computing is of high interest because it promises to perform at least some kinds of computations much faster than classical computers. Arute et al. 2019 (informally, “the Google Quantum Team”) report the results of experiments that purport to demonstrate “quantum supremacy” – the claim that the performance of some quantum computers is better than that of classical computers on some problems. Do these results close the debate over quantum supremacy? We argue that they do not. In the following, we (...)
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  49. added 2020-09-11
    Absolutely No Free Lunches!Gordon Belot - forthcoming - Theoretical Computer Science.
    This paper is concerned with learners who aim to learn patterns in infinite binary sequences: shown longer and longer initial segments of a binary sequence, they either attempt to predict whether the next bit will be a 0 or will be a 1 or they issue forecast probabilities for these events. Several variants of this problem are considered. In each case, a no-free-lunch result of the following form is established: the problem of learning is a formidably difficult one, in that (...)
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  50. added 2020-09-11
    The History and Philosophy of Taxonomy as an Information Science.Catherine Kendig & Joeri Witteveen - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-9.
    We undeniably live in an information age—as, indeed, did those who lived before us. After all, as the cultural historian Robert Darnton pointed out: ‘every age was an age of information, each in its own way’ (Darnton 2000: 1). Darnton was referring to the news media, but his insight surely also applies to the sciences. The practices of acquiring, storing, labeling, organizing, retrieving, mobilizing, and integrating data about the natural world has always been an enabling aspect of scientific work. Natural (...)
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