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  1. Obstacles on the Way Towards the Quantisation of Space, Time and Matter — and Possible Resolutions.Gerard 'T. Hooft - 2001 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 32 (2):157-180.
    Most attempts at obtaining theories that unify quantum mechanics with general relativity require violation of locality and/or causality to some degree. Here, we suggest that these problems actually are very deep and fundamental; hence they may require reconsideration of both quantum mechanics and general relativity at a very fundamental level. An approach called ‘deterministic quantisation’ is sketched.
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  2. Exposition and Critique of the Conceptions of Eddington Concerning the Philosophy of Physical Science. [REVIEW]P. D. M. A. - 1961 - Review of Metaphysics 15 (2):347-347.
  3. Inflation and Late Time Acceleration Designed by Stueckelberg Massive Photon.Özgür Akarsu, Metin Arık & Nihan Katırcı - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (6):769-796.
    We present a mini review of the Stueckelberg mechanism, which was proposed to make the abelian gauge theories massive as an alternative to Higgs mechanism, within the framework of Minkowski as well as curved spacetimes. The higher the scale the tighter the bounds on the photon mass, which might be gained via the Stueckelberg mechanism, may be signalling that even an extremely small mass of the photon which cannot be measured directly could have far reaching effects in cosmology. We present (...)
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  4. Timekeeping in an Expanding Universe.James L. Anderson - 2003 - In A. Ashtekar (ed.), Revisiting the Foundations of Relativistic Physics. pp. 275--280.
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  5. Certain Cosmological Laws Resulting From the Newest Theories (Question of the Thermal Death of the Universe).P. Andrle - 1980 - Filosoficky Casopis 28 (3):435-437.
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  6. Sun, Stand Thou Still. The Life & Work of Copernicus the Astronomer.Angus Armitage - 1952 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 3 (10):200-200.
  7. Pushing the Limits of the Universe: Criticisms of Peripatetic Cosmology in Hikmat Al-Ishr'q and its Commentaries.İshak Arslan - 2014 - Nazariyat, Journal for the History of Islamic Philosophy and Sciences 1 (1):141-164.
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  8. Class of Exact Solutions for a Cosmological Model of Unified Gravitational and Quintessence Fields.A. Asenjo Felipe & A. Hojman Sergio - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (7):887-896.
    A new approach to tackle Einstein equations for an isotropic and homogeneous Friedmann–Robertson–Walker Universe in the presence of a quintessence scalar field is devised. It provides a way to get a simple exact solution to these equations. This solution determines the quintessence potential uniquely and it differs from solutions which have been used to study inflation previously. It relays on a unification of geometry and dark matter implemented through the definition of a functional relation between the scale factor of the (...)
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  9. The Quantum of Explanation: Whitehead’s Radical Empiricism.Randall E. Auxier & Gary L. Herstein - 2017 - New York: Routledge.
    _The Quantum of Explanation_ advances a bold new theory of how explanation ought to be understood in philosophical and cosmological inquiries. Using a complete interpretation of Alfred North Whitehead’s philosophical and mathematical writings and an interpretive structure that is essentially new, Auxier and Herstein argue that Whitehead has never been properly understood, nor has the depth and breadth of his contribution to the human search for knowledge been assimilated by his successors. This important book effectively applies Whitehead’s philosophy to problems (...)
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  10. Scientific Realism and Primordial Cosmology.Feraz Azhar & Jeremy Butterfield - unknown
    We discuss scientific realism from the perspective of modern cosmology, especially primordial cosmology: i.e. the cosmological investigation of the very early universe. We first state our allegiance to scientific realism, and discuss what insights about it cosmology might yield, as against "just" supplying scientific claims that philosophers can then evaluate. In particular, we discuss: the idea of laws of cosmology, and limitations on ascertaining the global structure of spacetime. Then we review some of what is now known about the early (...)
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  11. Olivia Blanchette, The Perfection of the Universe According to Aquinas: A Teleological Cosmology Reviewed By.Steven Baldner - 1992 - Philosophy in Review 12 (5):311-312.
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  12. The Universe That Discovered Itself.John D. Barrow - 2000
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  13. Unbounded Worlds.L. C. [from old catalog] Beckett - 1959 - [Marazion, Cornwall]Ark Press.
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  14. Privileged, Typical, or Not Even That? – Our Place in the World According to the Copernican and the Cosmological Principles.Claus Beisbart & Tobias Jung - 2006 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 37 (2):225-256.
    If we are to constrain our place in the world, two principles are often appealed to in science. According to the Copernican Principle, we do not occupy a privileged position within the Universe. The Cosmological Principle, on the other hand, says that our observations would roughly be the same, if we were located at any other place in the Universe. In our paper we analyze these principles from a logical and philosophical point of view. We show how they are related, (...)
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  15. Cosmological Theories and the Question of the Existence of a Creator.John Bell - manuscript
    In a Vedic hymn, Reality or Being is proclaimed as having “arisen from Nothing”. By contrast, in Jaina cosmology time has no beginning; the universe, uncreated, has always existed.In Plato’s Timaeus the universe is conceived as not having existed eternally, but as having been created at some past time by a demiurge acting on pre-existing substance. We are all familiar with the arresting first line of Genesis.
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  16. The Dramatic Universe.John G. Bennett - 1956 - London: Hodder & Stoughton.
    v. 1. The foundations of natural philosophy.
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  17. Die Zukunft des Universums Zufall, Chaos, Gott?Arnold Benz - 1997
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  18. On the Cosmological Indeterminacy Principle of Mccrae.Carlton W. Berenda - 1964 - Philosophy of Science 31 (3):265-270.
    A recent proposal by Dr. W. H. McCrae, cosmologist and mathematician, to the effect that decisions between such cosmogonies as those of Hoyle and of Gamow are experimentally impossible by virtue of a general cosmological indeterminacy principle, is here examined and elaborated upon. Some comments on the "antinomies" in Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason" are made in reference to this principle as well as to the Heisenberg indeterminacy principle. If McCrae's principle is accepted, we will have moved a long way (...)
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  19. Far-Future Universe: A Mutual Challenge Betwen Physical Cosmology and Christian Eschatology.Marco Bernardoni - 2011 - Disputatio Philosophica 13 (1):125-133.
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  20. The Comprehensible Universe.John G. [from old catalog] Bird - 1952 - [N. P..
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  21. Splitting the Source Term for the Einstein Equation to Classical and Quantum Parts.T. S. Biró & P. Ván - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (11):1465-1482.
    We consider the special and general relativistic extensions of the action principle behind the Schrödinger equation distinguishing classical and quantum contributions. Postulating a particular quantum correction to the source term in the classical Einstein equation we identify the conformal content of the above action and obtain classical gravitation for massive particles, but with a cosmological term representing off-mass-shell contribution to the energy–momentum tensor. In this scenario the—on the Planck scale surprisingly small—cosmological constant stems from quantum bound states having a Bohr (...)
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  22. From Aether to Cosmos.Celestine Nicholas Charles Bittle - 1941 - New York [Etc.]The Bruce Publishing Company.
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  23. From Aether to Cosmos Cosmology.Celestine Nicholas Charles Bittle - 1941 - The Bruce Publishing Company.
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  24. De Sitter Space Without Dynamical Quantum Fluctuations.Kimberly K. Boddy, Sean M. Carroll & Jason Pollack - forthcoming - Foundations of Physics:1-34.
    We argue that, under certain plausible assumptions, de Sitter space settles into a quiescent vacuum in which there are no dynamical quantum fluctuations. Such fluctuations require either an evolving microstate, or time-dependent histories of out-of-equilibrium recording devices, which we argue are absent in stationary states. For a massive scalar field in a fixed de Sitter background, the cosmic no-hair theorem implies that the state of the patch approaches the vacuum, where there are no fluctuations. We argue that an analogous conclusion (...)
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  25. Does Black Hole Complementarity Answer Hawking’s Information Loss Paradox?Peter Bokulich - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (5):1336-1349.
    A proper understanding of black hole complementarity as a response to the information loss paradox requires recognizing the essential role played by arguments for the applicability and limitations of effective semiclassical theories. I argue that this perspective sheds important light on the arguments advanced by Susskind, Thorlacius, and Uglum—although ultimately I argue that their position is unsatisfactory. I also consider the argument offered by ’t Hooft for the breakdown of microcausality around black holes, and conclude that it relies on a (...)
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  26. Constructibility of the Universal Wave Function.Arkady Bolotin - 2016 - Foundations of Physics 46 (10):1253-1268.
    This paper focuses on a constructive treatment of the mathematical formalism of quantum theory and a possible role of constructivist philosophy in resolving the foundational problems of quantum mechanics, particularly, the controversy over the meaning of the wave function of the universe. As it is demonstrated in the paper, unless the number of the universe’s degrees of freedom is fundamentally upper bounded or hypercomputation is physically realizable, the universal wave function is a non-constructive entity in the sense of constructive recursive (...)
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  27. Cosmology.H. Bondi - 1952 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (16):350-352.
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  28. The Diffuse Light of the Universe.Jean-Marc Bonnet-Bidaud - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (6):851-869.
    In 1965, the discovery of a new type of uniform radiation, located between radiowaves and infrared light, was accidental. Known today as Cosmic Microwave background, this diffuse radiation is commonly interpreted as a fossil light released in an early hot and dense universe and constitutes today the main ’pilar’ of the big bang cosmology. Considerable efforts have been devoted to derive fundamental cosmological parameters from the characteristics of this radiation that led to a surprising universe that is shaped by at (...)
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  29. Time Symmetric Quantum Mechanics and Causal Classical Physics?W. Bopp Fritz - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (4):490-504.
    A two boundary quantum mechanics without time ordered causal structure is advocated as consistent theory. The apparent causal structure of usual “near future” macroscopic phenomena is attributed to a cosmological asymmetry and to rules governing the transition between microscopic to macroscopic observations. Our interest is a heuristic understanding of the resulting macroscopic physics.
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  30. Bouncing Cosmologies: Progress and Problems.Robert Brandenberger & Patrick Peter - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (6):797-850.
    We review the status of bouncing cosmologies as alternatives to cosmological inflation for providing a description of the very early universe, and a source for the cosmological perturbations which are observed today. We focus on the motivation for considering bouncing cosmologies, the origin of fluctuations in these models, and the challenges which various implementations face.
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  31. Cosmology and Consciousness.John T. Brinkman - 1998 - Buddhist-Christian Studies 18:135.
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  32. The Endless Universe of Law.Denis J. Brion - 1999 - Semiotics:169-184.
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  33. The New Universe.Baker Brownell - 1926 - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company.
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  34. Realistic Clocks for a Universe Without Time.K. L. H. Bryan & A. J. M. Medved - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (1):48-59.
    There are a number of problematic features within the current treatment of time in physical theories, including the “timelessness” of the Universe as encapsulated by the Wheeler–DeWitt equation. This paper considers one particular investigation into resolving this issue; a conditional probability interpretation that was first proposed by Page and Wooters. Those authors addressed the apparent timelessness by subdividing a faux Universe into two entangled parts, “the clock” and “the remainder of the Universe”, and then synchronizing the effective dynamics of the (...)
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  35. Winding the Universal Clock Speculations on the Transitions Between Chaos and Order.Carl H. Builder, Gabriele U. Menke & Rand Corporation - 1997 - Rand.
  36. God's Knowledge of Future Contingents: A Reply to William Lane Craig.David Burrell - 1994 - The Thomist 58:317-322.
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  37. Has the Conception of the Quantum Origin of the Universe an Absolute Character?Stanisław Butryn - 2008 - Dialogue and Universalism 18 (11-12):171-180.
    The subject of the article is the conception of the Universe quantum origin. According to this conception, the Universe was formed as an effect of the quantum fluctuation of physical vacuum and can just be considered as such fluctuation. The first suggestion of such an origin of the Universe was made by M.G. Albrow. The views of A. Vilenkin, S.W. Hawking and J.B. Hartle, who combined this conception with the inflationary Universe theory, made the basis for the analysis of the (...)
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  38. The State of Physics: `Halfway Through the Woods'.Jeremy Butterfield - manuscript
    I rst celebrate the immense success of twentieth century physics, but then urge that the future may bring many surprises, even in the basic structures of physical theories.
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  39. Underdetermination in Cosmology: An Invitation.Jeremy Butterfield - 2012 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 86 (1):1-18.
    I discuss how modern cosmology illustrates underdetermination of theoretical hypotheses by data, in ways that are different from most philosophical discussions. I confine the discussion to the history of the observable universe from about one second after the Big Bang, as described by the mainstream cosmological model: in effect, what cosmologists in the early 1970s dubbed the ‘standard model’, as elaborated since then. Or rather, the discussion is confined to a (very!) few aspects of that history. I emphasize that despite (...)
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  40. What Einstein Would Have Said to Aristotle Regarding Dynamics and Cosmology.Favio Ernesto Cala Vitery - 2010 - Ideas Y Valores 59 (142):141-160.
    This paper proposes a parallel in the forms of Aristotle’s and Einstein’s physics. It’s an exercise on conceptual analysis rather than history. The possible similarity between Aristotle’s world and the form of Einstein’s universe is discussed. The correlation between kinematics, dynamics and gravity in their respective theories is also studied. Finally, Aristotle’s ontology of space is compared to the relativistic ontology spacetime.
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  41. Non-Minimal Coupling of the Higgs Boson to Curvature in an Inflationary Universe.Xavier Calmet, Iberê Kuntz & Ian G. Moss - 2018 - Foundations of Physics 48 (1):110-120.
    In the absence of new physics around \ GeV, the electroweak vacuum is at best metastable. This represents a major challenge for high scale inflationary models as, during the early rapid expansion of the universe, it seems difficult to understand how the Higgs vacuum would not decay to the true lower vacuum of the theory with catastrophic consequences if inflation took place at a scale above \ GeV. In this paper we show that the non-minimal coupling of the Higgs boson (...)
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  42. Why the Universe?Percy Alfonso Campbell - 1943 - San Francisco[G. Fields].
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  43. Aims and Scopes of the Special Issue: Foundations of Astrophysics and Cosmology.Capozziello Salvatore, Prokopec Tomislav & D. A. M. Spallicci Alessandro - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (6):709-710.
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  44. Inflation.Antonio Carlo - 1979 - Theory and Society 7 (3):397-415.
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  45. On the Determination of Planetary Distances in the Ptolemaic System.Christián C. Carman - 2010 - International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 24 (3):257-265.
    In 1975, Imre Lakatos and Elie Zahar claimed that the determination of planetary distances represents excess empirical content of Copernicus's theory over that of Ptolemy. This claim provoked an interesting discussion during the first half of the 1980s. The discussion started when Alan Chalmers affirmed that it is not correct to attribute this advantage to the Copernican system over the Ptolemaic. Other scholars criticized Chalmers's assertion, reaffirming the position of Lakatos and Zahar: one went even further, asserting that Copernicus has (...)
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  46. The Cosmological System of Pierre Bayle.Juliette Carnus - 1941 - Philosophy of Science 8 (4):585-597.
  47. Interpretations of Quantum Theory in the Light of Modern Cosmology.Castagnino Mario, Fortin Sebastian, Laura Roberto & Sudarsky Daniel - 2017 - Foundations of Physics 47 (11):1387-1422.
    The difficult issues related to the interpretation of quantum mechanics and, in particular, the “measurement problem” are revisited using as motivation the process of generation of structure from quantum fluctuations in inflationary cosmology. The unessential mathematical complexity of the particular problem is bypassed, facilitating the discussion of the conceptual issues, by considering, within the paradigm set up by the cosmological problem, another problem where symmetry serves as a focal point: a simplified version of Mott’s problem.
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  48. Seeking Ultimates: An Intuitive Guide to Physics - Peter T. Landsberg, Institute of Physics Publishing, Bristol and Philadelphia, 2000, 328 Pp., US $34.99 Pbk, ISBN 0 7503 0657. [REVIEW]H. Chang - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (2):368-371.
  49. Information, Cosmology and Time.C. T. K. Chari - 1963 - Dialectica 17 (4):368-380.
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  50. Tycho Brahe's Cosmology From the Astrologia of 1591.John Christianson & Tycho Brahe - 1968 - Isis 59 (3):312-318.
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