About this topic
Summary People have long sought to give meaning to historical processes. One solution has been religion; engagement with associated philosophical issues continues. Since the Enlightenment with its “scientific” understanding history has been disciplinised in various ways as unassociated with religion; philosophical reflections by historians on historiographical methods also continue. For twentieth-century analytical philosophy there were two traditions in philosophy of history: “speculative” and “analytical”. A speculative philosopher of history, for example Hegel or Marx, would seek by non-empirical methods a profound understanding of the hitherto hidden plan of actual historical change and would offer a political ideology suitable for mass motivation; such speculations continue. Analytical philosophers initially addressed problems of historical knowledge and explanation, but much has migrated to the philosophies of science and of action. With Continental, post-Wittgenstein and pragmatic approaches permitting the historicising of philosophical analysis, metaphilosophical problems of the history and philosophy of history remain; the aesthetic understanding of “narrative” and the ethics of the recovery of shared memory are central. Philosophers and historians across the world often work in ignorance of the traditions of their many opponents, but the first conference of the International Network for the Theory of History attracted in 2013 a large and varied attendance which found much to share, although philosophy of history has not yet settled into an analytically well-structured discipline.
Key works Four journals in the subject should be perused: History and Theory, Storia della Storiografia, Rethinking History and The Journal of the Philosophy of History. For a clear logical empiricist expression of causal explanation in history see Hempel 1942, with Collingwood 1993 and DRAY 1957 expressing noncausal modes of understanding past actions.  Skinner 1969 applies speech act theory to the history of ideas and the interpretation of evidence.  Danto 1965 takes narrative seriously and offers a largely reductionist account, while Gorman 1974 and Ankersmit 1983 argue in different ways for the epistemological centrality of narrative understanding.  White 1973 and 1987 argues that narrative history is a literary artefact with poetic modes of structure and sets much of the modern agenda.  Tucker 2004 offers an analytical account of reasoning from historical evidence in terms of Bayesian decision theory.
Introductions Day 2008 is a study guide that assesses the arguments of major philosophers and historians who have contributed to the theory of history. It is suitable for undergraduate students in both philosophy and history, and deals with historical evidence, methodology and reasoning; the relationships between history, science and causation; narrative, empathy and rational action; truth, objectivity and scepticism. Gorman 1992 is intended for both undergraduate and postgraduate philosophy and history students. It deals with fundamental issues in the epistemology and metaphysics of history from an analytical and pragmatic viewpoint, and offers a detailed analysis comparing economic history and traditional narrative history. Tucker 2008 contains 50 papers by international experts on a wide range of issues in the theory of history. Jenkins 1995 helpfully introduces postmodern approaches.
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  1. added 2020-05-19
    Hat die Frage nach dem Sinn der Geschichte selber einen Sinn? (Eine logisch-erkenntnistheoretische Vorfrage zur Geschichtsphilosophie).Gerhard Stammler - 1954 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 8 (1):55 - 92.
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  2. added 2020-05-16
    Review Article: Arendt and Totalitarianism: Contexts of Interpretation.Dana Villa - 2011 - European Journal of Political Theory 10 (2):287-296.
  3. added 2020-05-16
    Разумът в цивилизацията. Към философско осмисляне на цивилизационния подход в историята.Vasil Penchev - 2008 - Sofia: BAS: IPhR (IPS).
    The book discusses a civilization approach to philosophy of history. Hegel's idea about "Reason in history" is exemplified as "Reason in civilization" to be justified ontologically the civilization approach in the works of Toynbee, Huntington, etc. together with the conception of "long run": the "longue duree" (the long term) of the French Annales School.
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  4. added 2020-05-15
    Историческата приемственост в глобализиращото догонване (Historical Continuity in Globalizing Overtaking).Vasil Penchev - 2009 - Sofia: Acdemic Publishing House.
    Книгата "Историческата приемственост в глобализиращото догонване" е посветена на осмислянето на догонващото развитие на основата lIа историческата приемственост. Основа на разглеждането са историко-философските възгледи на Мартин Хайдегер, като акцентът е pреместен от екзистенциалността, съответно екзистенциала на Грижата, върху историчността и съответно върху Съдбата, разбирана посредством Избора . Същностно е разглеждането както на понятието, така и на историческия екзистенциал за Историческо време. Последното не съвпада с природното, тъй като е неравномерно, нехомогенно, притежава сложна вътрешна структура, може да се разглежда съсредоточено в (...)
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  5. added 2020-05-15
    Democracy, Human Rights and History.Raf Geenens - 2008 - European Journal of Political Theory 7 (3):269-286.
    This article offers an overview of the French political philosopher Claude Lefort's oeuvre, arguing that his work should be read as a normative or even universalist justification of democracy and human rights. The notion of history plays a crucial notion in this enterprise, as Lefort demonstrates that there is an ineluctable 'historical' or 'political' condition of human coexistence, a condition that can only be properly accommodated in a regime of democracy and human rights. This reading of Lefort is contrasted with (...)
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  6. added 2020-05-14
    Историята на СССР.Vasil Penchev - 2008 - Sofia: BAS: IPhR (IPS).
    The book is a philosophical reflection on the history of the USSR based on the civilization approach. It is interpreted in terms of Ortodox civilzation rather than in terms of the marxist philosophy of history. "Long-run" civiliaztion dominants of Orthodox Christianity determines the "Soviet period" in th Orthodox "longue durée". This philosophical viewpoint leads to a radical reinterpretation of the history of the USSR ...
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  7. added 2020-05-13
    Математизирането на историята: число и битие.Vasil Penchev - 2013 - Sofia: BAS: ISSk (IPR).
    The book is a philosophical refection on the possibility of mathematical history. Are poosible models of historical phenomena so exact as those of physical ones? Mathematical models borrowed from quantum mechanics by the meditation of its interpretations are accomodated to history. The conjecture of many-variant history, alternative history, or counterfactual history is necessary for mathematical history. Conclusions about philosophy of history are inferred.
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  8. added 2020-05-12
    Ueber Die Bedeutung des Genies in der Geschichte.A. H. Lloyd - 1894 - Philosophical Review 3 (3):378-378.
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  9. added 2020-05-10
    History Against Psychology in the Thought of R. G. Collingwood.Guive Assadi - 2019 - Critical Review 31 (2):135-159.
    ABSTRACTR. G. Collingwood is mostly remembered for his theory that historical understanding consists in re-enacting the thoughts of the historical figure whom one is studying. His first recognizable expression of this view followed from an argument about the emptiness of psychological interpretations of religion, and throughout his career Collingwood offered history as re-enactment as an alternative to psychology. Over time, his argument that the psychology of religion could not be relevant to the veracity of religious beliefs was supplanted by the (...)
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  10. added 2020-05-04
    Sinn Und Geschichte.Paul Hofmann - 1938 - Philosophical Review 47:333.
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  11. added 2020-05-04
    Sinn Und Geschichte. Historisch-Systematische Einleitung in Die Sinn- Erforschende Philosophie.Gerhart Saenger - 1937 - Journal of Philosophy 34 (21):581-582.
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  12. added 2020-05-02
    The End of Histories? Review Essay of Alexander Rosenberg’s How History Gets Things Wrong: The Neuroscience of Our Addiction to Stories.Mariana Imaz-Sheinbaum & Paul A. Roth - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of History:1-9.
    Alex Rosenberg’s latest book purports to establish that narrative history cannot have any epistemic value. Rosenberg argues not for the replacement of narrative history by something more science-like, but rather the end of histories understood as an account of human doings under a certain description. This review critiques three of his main arguments: 1) narrative history must root its explanations in folk psychology, 2) there are no beliefs nor desires guiding human action, and 3) historical narratives are morally and ethically (...)
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  13. added 2020-05-02
    Editorial: Too Many Books to Read? Then Read This.Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen - 2020 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (1):1-2.
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  14. added 2020-05-02
    Rüsen’s Legacy of Synthetic Historicism.Juan L. Fernández Vega - 2019 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (1):118-127.
    The English translation of Jörn Rüsen’s Historik is a major event in the global community of the theory of history. Few contemporary thinkers in this field have been so systematic and comprehensive as Rüsen. This book, rendered as Evidence and Meaning, is the outcome of a whole life devoted to the renewal of German historicism. Rüsen’s contribution mirrors the great debates held in West Germany since the 1960s about the theory of history, discussions that prompted a conjoint reassessment of the (...)
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  15. added 2020-05-02
    The History and Fulfilment of Western Rationality: Martin Jay’s The Eclipse of Reason.Robert Doran - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (1):93-103.
    This review-essay examines Martin Jay’s The Eclipse of Reason: On Late Critical Theory with a view toward understanding the stakes of its interpretative approach to intellectual history. I show how Jay's book aims to provide much more than a mere history of reason, for it seeks to legitimate and resuscitate an idea of reason in the face of more than one hundred years of anti-rationalist thought. I contend that Jay offers Habermas’s intersubjective rationality as both an alternative to, but also (...)
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  16. added 2020-04-30
    Dancing with Clio: History, Cultural Studies, Foucault, Phenomenology, and the Emergence of Dance Studies as a Disciplinary Practice.Helena Hammond - forthcoming - In Ann R. David, Michael Huxley & Sarah Whatley (eds.), Dance Fields: Staking a claim for Dance Studies in the 21st century. Binsted, Hampshire: Dance Books. pp. 220-248.
  17. added 2020-04-10
    What's Historical About Historical Materialism?Andrew Levine & Elliott Sober - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (6):304-326.
  18. added 2020-04-01
    The Place of Historiography in the Network of Logical Empiricism.Fons Dewulf - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review 30 (2):1-25.
    In this paper I investigate how intellectual problems concerning an epistemology of history and a historical view of knowledge played a role in the network of logical empiricist philosophers between 1930 and 1945. Specifically, I focus on the practical efforts of Hans Reichenbach and Otto Neurath to incorporate these intellectual stakes concerning history. I argue that Reichenbach was mainly concerned with creating more institutional space for scientific philosophy. Consequently, he was interested in determining his relation to historically oriented philosophy on (...)
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  19. added 2020-03-24
    Critique Without Judgment in Political Theory: Politicization in Foucault’s Historical Genealogy of Herculine Barbin.Colin Koopman - 2019 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (4):477-497.
    The historical specificity of Michel Foucault’s practice of critical genealogy offers a valuable model for political theory today. By bringing into focus its historical attention to detail, we can locate in Foucault’s genealogical philosophy an alternative to prominent assumptions in contemporary political theory. The work of political theory is often positioned in light of an assumed goal of staking political theory to certain political positions, judgments, or normative determinations that already populate the terrain of politics. This goal may be illusory; (...)
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  20. added 2020-03-21
    Landscape in its Place: The Imagination of Kashmir in Sanskrit and Beyond.Luther Obrock - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):156-164.
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  21. added 2020-03-21
    From Historical Structures to Temporal Layers: Hans Freyer and Conceptual History.Timo Pankakoski - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):61-91.
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  22. added 2020-03-21
    A Most Modern Subject: The Discipline of History and the Fashioning of Nationalist and Other Modern Subjectivities.Peter Gottschalk - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):142-155.
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  23. added 2020-03-21
    Migration and Narration: How European Historians in the Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries Told the History of Human Mass Migrations or Völkerwanderungen.Felix Wiedemann - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):42-60.
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  24. added 2020-03-21
    Becomings of Past Events.Sébastien Ledoux - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):128-141.
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  25. added 2020-03-21
    The Puzzle of the Banquet Hall of the Dukes: The Professionalization of Swedish Historical Research Studied Through Ludwik Fleck's “Thought Collective” and “Thought Style”.Erika Harlitz‐Kern - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):3-21.
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  26. added 2020-03-21
    Of Boundaries, Places, and Situations.Philip J. Ethington - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):103-127.
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  27. added 2020-03-21
    A Turning Point in Theory of History: The Place of Hayden White in the History of Metahistory.Jörn Rüsen - 2020 - History and Theory 59 (1):92-102.
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  28. added 2020-03-16
    The Decline of Western Science: Defending Spengler’s Account of the End of Science: Within Reason.Gregory Morgan Swer - 2019 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 50 (4):545-560.
    Haack classifies Spengler’s views on the end of science as what she terms annihilationist in that he forecasts the absolute termination of scientific activity as opposed to its completion or culmination. She also argues that in addition to his externalist argument that Western science, as cultural product, cannot survive the demise of Western Culture, Spengler also puts forward an internalist argument that science, regardless of the imminent demise of Western Culture, is in terminal decline as evidenced by its diminishing returns. (...)
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  29. added 2020-02-22
    The Revolt Against Reason: Oswald Spengler and Violence as Cultural Preservative.Gregory Morgan Swer - 2020 - Philosophical Journal of Conflict and Violence 4 (1):123-148.
    In The Decline of the West, Spengler argues that cultures have lifecycles. Although he warns that the end of Faustian (western) culture is nigh, Spengler suggests that the death of the culture might be forestalled if a rapprochement can be brought about between the technologized powers of Reason and the remains of cultural life. This portrayal of Reason as a salvific force seems to contradict Spengler’s typical depiction of Reason as a violent anti-cultural force. This paper reconstructs Spengler’s account of (...)
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  30. added 2020-02-17
    Explanation in Action Theory and Historiography.Gunnar Schumann (ed.) - 2019 - New York: Routledge.
    Is the appropriate form of human action explanation causal or rather teleological? While this is a central question in analytic philosophy of action, it also has implications for the question whether there are differences in principle between the methods of explanation in the sciences on the one hand and in the humanities and the social sciences on the other. The question bears on the problem of the appropriate form of explanations of past human actions, and therefore it is prominently discussed (...)
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  31. added 2020-02-14
    La Estructura Lógica de la Filosofía Psicología, Sociología, Antropología Religión, Política, Economía, Literatura e Historia -- Artículos y reseñas 2006-2019 5ª Edicion.Michael Richard Starks - 2020 - Las Vegas, NV USA: Reality Press.
    Es mi afirmación que la tabla de intencionalidad (racionalidad, mente, pensamiento, lenguaje, personalidad, etc.) que presenta prominentemente aquí describe más o menos con precisión, o al menos sirve como heurística para, cómo pensamos y nos comportamos, y por lo tanto no abarca simplemente filosofía y psicología, sino todo lo demás (historia, literatura, matemáticas, política, etc.). Tenga en cuenta especialmente que la intencionalidad y racionalidad como yo (junto con Searle, Wittgenstein y otros) lo veo, incluye tanto el Sistema Linguístico deliberativo consciente (...)
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  32. added 2020-02-13
    Sovereign Nothingness: Pyotr Chaadaev's Political Theology.Kirill Chepurin & Alex Dubilet - 2019 - Theory and Event 22 (2):243-266.
    This paper speculatively reconstructs the unique intervention that Pyotr Chaadaev, the early nineteenth-century Russian thinker, made into the political-theological debate. Instead of positioning sovereignty and exception against each other, Chaadaev seeks to think the (Russian) exception immanently, affirming its nonrelation to, and even nullity or nothingness vis-à-vis, the (European, Christian-modern) world-historical regime—and to theorize the logic of sovereignty that could arise from within this nullity. As a result, we argue, nothingness itself becomes, in Chaadaev, operative through and as the sovereign (...)
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  33. added 2020-02-12
    History, Civilization and Culture: An Introduction to the Historical and Social Philosophy of Pitirim A. Sorokin.Patrick Gardiner - 1954 - Philosophy 29 (108):81-82.
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  34. added 2020-02-11
    Philosophy in History: Essays on the Historiography of Philosophy. Richard Rorty, J. B. Schneewind, Quentin Skinner.Terence Ball - 1986 - Ethics 97 (1):281-282.
  35. added 2020-02-11
    The Dark Abyss of Time: The History of the Earth and the History of Nations From Hooke to Vico. Paolo Rossi, Lydia Cochrane.Rachel Laudan - 1985 - Philosophy of Science 52 (4):644-645.
  36. added 2020-02-11
    The Dialetic of Action: A Philosophical Theory of History and the Humanities.R. F. Atkinson - 1982 - Ethics 92 (2):354-355.
  37. added 2020-02-11
    Fact and Relevance: Essays on Historical Method. M. M. Postan.Michael Martin - 1972 - Philosophy of Science 39 (4):569-572.
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  38. added 2020-02-11
    Between Past and Present: An Essay on History.Andrew J. Reck - 1958 - Ethics 69 (3):221-223.
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  39. added 2020-02-11
    Force and Freedom: Reflections on World History. By Frank H. Knight.Frank H. Knight - 1943 - Ethics 54 (2):149-150.
  40. added 2020-02-11
    History of Europe in the Nineteenth Century. Benedetto Croce.Carl Becker - 1934 - International Journal of Ethics 45 (1):107-110.
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    The Philosophy of Benedetto Croce--The Problem of Art and History. H. Wildon Carr.M. W. Robieson - 1918 - International Journal of Ethics 29 (1):110-111.
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  42. added 2020-02-10
    Generalization in the Writing of History.Louis O. Mink - 1964 - Journal of Philosophy 61 (18):538-543.
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  43. added 2020-02-10
    The Trend of History.J. W. Swain - 1923 - Journal of Philosophy 20 (22):611-613.
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  44. added 2020-02-08
    Digital Technologies and Reforging the Iron Men.Alex V. Halapsis - 2016 - ScienceRise 24 (7):55-61.
    Digital technologies not only to transform the social and cultural reality; they are making changes in the human nature. Therefore, it makes sense to speak about Silicon Race (SiRace). Iron men descends from the world history scene. This process is irreversible, but realizing in emerging with the prospects and the risks that accompany them, we can direct the efforts to ensure that reforging the iron men will be successful.
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  45. added 2020-02-08
    Knowledge and Explanation in History: An Introduction to the Philosophy of History.Patrick Nowell-Smith - 1981 - Ethics 91 (3):530-531.
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  46. added 2020-02-08
    Culture and History, Prolegomena to the Comparative Study of Civilizations. Philip Bagby.Leon J. Goldstein - 1962 - Philosophy of Science 29 (1):93-94.
  47. added 2020-02-04
    The Measure of All Gods: Religious Paradigms of the Antiquity as Anthropological Invariants.A. V. Halapsis - 2018 - Anthropological Measurements of Philosophical Research 14:158-171.
    Purpose of the article is the reconstruction of ancient Greek and ancient Roman models of religiosity as anthropological invariants that determine the patterns of thinking and being of subsequent eras. Theoretical basis. The author applied the statement of Protagoras that "Man is the measure of all things" to the reconstruction of the religious sphere of culture. I proceed from the fact that each historical community has a set of inherent ideas about the principles of reality, which found unique "universes of (...)
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  48. added 2020-02-03
    Arvi Grotenfelt and Neo-Kantian Philosophy of History.Lauri Kallio - manuscript
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  49. added 2020-02-01
    Постнеклассическая метафизика истории.Алексей Владиславович Халапсис - 2008
    В монографии разработан проект становления постнеклассической метафизики и представлена концептуальная версия постнеклассической метафизики истории. Выявляются метафизические факторы цивилизационного развития, устанавливается характер «работы» общества с прошлым, рассматриваются вопросы о логике исторического процесса и о «законах истории». Также анализируются причины цивилизационных кризисов и очерчиваются возможные пути их разрешения, обсуждаются проблемы социального прогнозирования, исследуются метафизические истоки глобализации, определяются риски и перспективы будущего развития западной цивилизации.
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  50. added 2020-02-01
    Метафизика перед выбором.Alex V. Halapsis - 2007 - Грані 56 (6):43-47.
    Метафизика в лице таких выдающихся мыслителей, как Хайдеггер и Гегель, вплотную подошла к проблеме введения времени в фундаментальное описание бытия. Однако указанная проблема так и не была сформулирована в рамках метафизики. Главная причина этого заключается, на наш взгляд, в том, что сама направленность метафизики на постижение вечных принципов подразумевает неизменность последних, их автономию от времени. Основой для такого воззрения выступает максима: «Что вечно, то неизменно, а что изменчиво, то не вечно». Выше мы попытались показать, что эта максима, по меньшей мере, (...)
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1 — 50 / 7983