About this topic
Summary The philosophy of information is the branch of philosophy devoted to the thematic study of information in all its forms, and to the application of informational methods to new and traditional philosophical problems. The philosophy of information is not limited to any particular doctrine or methodology; rather, it is unified by its central focus on information as it plays out in both theory and practice. Examples of topics addressed by the philosophy of information include, among others: the nature of information; the modalities of information processing; the relations between information, knowledge, and meaning; the informational nature of mental life; the informational interpretation of reality; the value of information; the role of information in society and human interactions; and the politics of information.
Key works Though the Philosophy of Information as discipline is fairly new, works that can be labelled as belonging to one or more of the related sub-disciplines can be found at least since the Sixties. In particular for the relation with knowledge and logic: Bar-Hillel & Carnap 1953 and Dretske 1981. For a comprehensive approach of the current debates see Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011.
Introductions Adriaans 2012; Introduction in Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011; Floridi 2010; Floridi 2002.
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  1. Logic for Lunatics.Gregory Wheeler - manuscript
    A sound and complete axiomatization of two tabloid blogs is presented, Leiter Logic (KB) and Deontic Leiter Logic (KDB), the latter of which can be extended to Shame Game Logic for multiple agents. The (B) schema describes the mechanism behind this class of tabloids, and illustrates the perils of interpreting a provability operator as an epistemic modal. To mark this difference, and to avoid sullying Brouwer's good name, the (B) schema for epistemic modals should be called the Blog Schema.
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  2. The History and Philosophy of Taxonomy as an Information Science.Catherine Kendig & Joeri Witteveen - 2020 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 42 (3):1-9.
    We undeniably live in an information age—as, indeed, did those who lived before us. After all, as the cultural historian Robert Darnton pointed out: ‘every age was an age of information, each in its own way’ (Darnton 2000: 1). Darnton was referring to the news media, but his insight surely also applies to the sciences. The practices of acquiring, storing, labeling, organizing, retrieving, mobilizing, and integrating data about the natural world has always been an enabling aspect of scientific work. Natural (...)
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  3. Why is Information Retrieval a Scientific Discipline?Robert W. P. Luk - 2020 - Foundations of Science:1-27.
    It is relatively easy to state that information retrieval is a scientific discipline but it is rather difficult to understand why it is science because what is science is still under debate in the philosophy of science. To be able to convince others that IR is science, our ability to explain why is crucial. To explain why IR is a scientific discipline, we use a theory and a model of scientific study, which were proposed recently. The explanation involves mapping the (...)
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  4. A Formal Ontology for Conception Representation in Terminological Systems.Farshad Badie - 2020 - In Mariusz Urbański, Tomasz Skura & Paweł Łupkowski (eds.), Reasoning: Logic, Cognition, and Games. pp. 137-156.
    I have supposed that we need a formal system to represent and explain humans' conceptions of the world. According to this research, such a formal system is representable based on a Conception Language (CL) that is a terminological knowledge representation formalism. In this research, I will offer a formal ontology for conception representation in terminological systems. Such a CL-based ontology will specify the conceptualization of humans' conceptions as well as of the effects of their conceptions on the world.
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  5. Consciousness as Information System of the Human Body.Florin Gaiseanu - 2016 - Physics of Consciousness and Life 1 (1):14-25.
    Starting from the observation of the binary character YES/NOT of our decisions in relation to the information received from the environment, determining both our life and specie evolution by adaptation, it is defined the info-creational field and thought as an information operator on this field, allowing to describe the individual EGO as a receiver and producer information system, based on an operational and a programmed informational subsystem. Consciousness appears thus be an integrated information system which allows the adaptation to the (...)
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  6. The Notion of Information in Early Cybernetics and in Gilbert Simondon's Philosophy.Juho Rantala - manuscript
    This paper will examine the notion of information in the early cybernetics and in Gilbert Simondon’s philosophy. First, we will be outlining the notion of information of early (or first-order) cyberneticians. Secondly, we will summarize Simondon’s concept of information. Finally, the last part of the paper will be dealing shortly with the present understanding of information which has expanded since the beginning of the 20th century. -/- Presented at Doctoral Congress in Philosophy 22.–24.10.2018, University of Tampere, Finland.
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  7. On the Foundations of Computing.Giuseppe Primiero - 2019 - Oxford University Press.
    Computing, today more than ever before, is a multi-faceted discipline which collates several methodologies, areas of interest, and approaches: mathematics, engineering, programming, and applications. Given its enormous impact on everyday life, it is essential that its debated origins are understood, and that its different foundations are explained. On the Foundations of Computing offers a comprehensive and critical overview of the birth and evolution of computing, and it presents some of the most important technical results and philosophical problems of the discipline, (...)
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  8. Privacy, Autonomy, and Personalised Targeting: Rethinking How Personal Data is Used.Karina Vold & Jessica Whittlestone - 2019 - In Carissa Véliz (ed.), Report on Data, Privacy, and the Individual in the Digital Age.
    Technological advances are bringing new light to privacy issues and changing the reasons for why privacy is important. These advances have changed not only the kind of personal data that is available to be collected, but also how that personal data can be used by those who have access to it. We are particularly concerned with how information about personal attributes inferred from collected data (such as online behaviour), can be used to tailor messages and services to specific individuals or (...)
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  9. Philosophy and Methodology of Information: The Study of Information in the Transdisciplinary Perspective.Gordana Dodig Crnkovic - 2019 - Singapore: World Scientific.
    The book gives up-to-date, multi-aspect exposition of the philosophy and methodology of information, and related areas within the nascent field of the study of information. It presents the most recent achievements, ideas and opinions of leading researchers in this domain, as well as from physicists, biologists and social scientists. Collaboration of researchers from different areas and fields opens new perspectives for the understanding of information essential in the innovative development of science, technology and society. -/- The book is meant for (...)
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  10. Information Research, Practice, and Education Continue to Invite and Benefit From Philosophy.Jesse David Dinneen - 2017 - Education for Information 33 (1):1-2.
    It has become easy to make a case for the relevance, richness, and importance of philosophical thinking for information research and practice. [Introduction to a special issue].
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  11. La politica nell’era di internet. Vantaggi e pericoli.Elisa Grimi - 2015 - Quaderni Della Fondazione Professor Paolo Michele Erede 8 (a cura di M. Marsonet):65-77.
    --- abstract is not requested by the Editor.
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  12. The Problem of the Base and the Nature of Information.C. Montemayor - 2017 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 24 (9-10):91-102.
    I present three problems regarding the Problem of the Base. They concern the nature of information, the kind of Platonism that physicalists allegedly confront, and the constraints imposed by causal principles. These problems focus on the notion of information and its relation to the Problem of the Base. I also highlight the importance of Schneider's paper, particularly its relevance for future debates.
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  13. What an Entangled Web We Weave: An Information-Centric Approach to Time-Evolving Socio-Technical Systems.Markus Luczak-Roesch, Kieron O’Hara, Jesse David Dinneen & Ramine Tinati - 2018 - Minds and Machines 28 (4):709-733.
    A new layer of complexity, constituted of networks of information token recurrence, has been identified in socio-technical systems such as the Wikipedia online community and the Zooniverse citizen science platform. The identification of this complexity reveals that our current understanding of the actual structure of those systems, and consequently the structure of the entire World Wide Web, is incomplete, which raises novel questions for data science research but also from the perspective of social epistemology. Here we establish the principled foundations (...)
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  14. Applying a Technological Integration Decision Framework to Innovation Governance.Dr Robert E. Davis - 2018 - ISACA Journal 2:22-27.
    Business manager-leaders face constant pressure to achieve and sustain a competitive advantage. Therefore, manager-leaders need to address the pros and cons of innovation strategies in their markets. Using strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis enable the creation and defining of objectives tailored to the firm’s environment, after assessing current capabilities. Subsequently, an enterprise’s innovation strategy converges on managing the envisioned destiny and achieving the articulated objectives. My Journal article integrates business, and IT platform strategies as a means to generate appropriate (...)
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  15. Knowledge and the Flow of Information. Fred I. Dretske.Barry Loewer - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (2):297-300.
  16. Environments of Intelligence. From Natural Information to Artficial Interaction.Hajo Greif - 2017 - London: Routledge.
    What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and refines a concept of information as primarily natural, environmentally embedded in character, which had been eclipsed by information-processing views of cognition. He continues (...)
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  17. Ontology.Barry Smith - 2003 - In Luciano Floridi (ed.), Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 155-166.
    Ontology as a branch of philosophy is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects, properties, events, processes and relations in every area of reality. ‘Ontology’ in this sense is often used by philosophers as a synonym of ‘metaphysics’ (a label meaning literally: ‘what comes after the Physics’), a term used by early students of Aristotle to refer to what Aristotle himself called ‘first philosophy’. But in recent years, in a development hardly noticed by philosophers, the (...)
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  18. Questions as Information Types.Ivano Ciardelli - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):321-365.
    This paper argues that questions have an important role to to play in logic, both semantically and proof-theoretically. Semantically, we show that by generalizing the classical notion of entailment to questions, we can capture not only the standard relation of logical consequence, which holds between pieces of information, but also the relation of logical dependency, which holds between information types. Proof-theoretically, we show that questions may be used in inferences as placeholders for arbitrary information of a given type; by manipulating (...)
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  19. History, Narrative, and Meaning.Roberto Artigiani - 2007 - Cosmos and History : The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 3 (1):33-58.
    Recent developments in the natural sciences make a renewed dialogue with the humanities possible. Previously, humanists resisted transferring scientific paradigms into fields like history, fearing materialism and determinism would deprive experience of its meaning and people of their freedom. At the same time, scientists were realizing that deterministic materialism made understanding phenomena like life virtually impossible. Scientists escaped the irony of describing a nature to which they did not belong by also discovering that their knowledge can never be complete and (...)
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  20. A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers, Continued.Bas van Fraassen - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37:453.
  21. From Peirce’s Semiotics to Information-Sign-Symbol.Gennaro Auletta - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (3):451-466.
    Peirce is the father of semiotics. However, his theory was developed long before the developments in information theory. The codification procedures studied by the latter turn out to be crucial also for biology. At the root of both information and semiosis there are equivalence classes. In the case of biological systems, we speak of functional equivalence classes. Equivalence classes represent the grid that organism impose on biochemical processes and signals of the external or internal environment. The whole feedback circuit that (...)
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  22. The Substantive Impact of Computers on Philosophy Prolegomena to a Computational and Information-The.Randall R. Dipert - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (1&2):146-157.
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  23. Towards a Formal Ontology of Information. Selected Ideas of K. Turek.Roman Krzanowski - 2016 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 61:23-52.
    There are many ontologies of the world or of specific phenomena such as time, matter, space, and quantum mechanics1. However, ontologies of information are rather rare. One of the reasons behind this is that information is most frequently associated with communication and computing, and not with ‘the furniture of the world’. But what would be the nature of an ontology of information? For it to be of significant import it should be amenable to formalization in a logico-grammatical formalism. A candidate (...)
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  24. Theory Dynamics and Knowledge Representation From an Information-Theoretical Point of View.Heinz Hauffe - 1984 - Philosophia Naturalis 21 (2/4):368.
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  25. Toward the Development of Cooperative Information Systems on Religion.David O. Moberg - 1972 - Social Science Information 11 (2):149-159.
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  26. Data Files for a Generalized Economic Information System.Richard Ruggles & Nancy Ruggles - 1967 - Social Science Information 6 (4):187-196.
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  27. INFORMATION, ECHANGE ET CATALLAXIE: Réflexions Sur les Concepts-Clés de la Théorie Évolutionniste du Marché.Gerhard Wegner & Manfred E. Streit - 1990 - Journal de Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 1 (1):3-24.
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  28. Information Recovery Problems.John Corcoran - 1995 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 10 (3):55-78.
    An information recovery problem is the problem of constructing a proposition containing the information dropped in going from a given premise to a given conclusion that folIows. The proposition to beconstructed can be required to satisfy other conditions as well, e.g. being independent of the conclusion, or being “informationally unconnected” with the conclusion, or some other condition dictated by the context. This paper discusses various types of such problems, it presents techniques and principles useful in solving them, and it develops (...)
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  29. Special Issue: Information Dynamics in Artificial Societies.Emiliano Lorini, Laurent Perrussel & Roland Mühlenbernd - 2016 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 25 (3-4):269-271.
  30. Quantum Deep Learning Triuniverse.Angus McCoss - 2016 - Journal of Quantum Information Science 6 (4).
    An original quantum foundations concept of a deep learning computational Universe is introduced. The fundamental information of the Universe (or Triuniverse)is postulated to evolve about itself in a Red, Green and Blue (RGB) tricoloured stable self-mutuality in three information processing loops. The colour is a non-optical information label. The information processing loops form a feedback-reinforced deep learning macrocycle with trefoil knot topology. Fundamental information processing is driven by ψ-Epistemic Drive, the Natural appetite for information selected for advantageous knowledge. From its (...)
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  31. Classifying Phenomena, Part 1: Dimensions.Claudio Gnoli - 2016 - Knowledge Organization 43 (6):403-415.
    This is the first part of a study on the classification of phenomena. It starts by addressing the status of classification schemes among knowledge organization systems (KOSs), as some features of them have been overlooked in recent reviews of KOS types. It then considers the different dimensions implied in a KOS, which include: the observed phenomena, the cultural and disciplinary perspective under which they are treated, the features of documents carrying such treatment, the collections of such documents as managed in (...)
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  32. Knowledge and the Flow of Information.William P. Alston - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):452.
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  33. Knowledge and Information in Global Competition: A New Framework for Classifying and Evaluating Manipulative Communication Techniques.Eldar Sultanow, Sean Cox, Sebastian Homann, Philipp Koch & Olliver Franke - 2016 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 72:27-44.
    Source: Author: Eldar Sultanow, Sean Cox, Sebastian Homann, Philipp Koch, Olliver Franke Mass media initiated exhibitions of information and knowledge streams account for a significant factor of opinion-forming in modern digitalized nations and thus influence their country's political development. Within the framework of a globalized environment, this information has the ability to shape worldwide opinion and international policy decisions across geographical boundaries. Similarly, however, information and knowledge that does not flow freely has an impact on the behind the scenes decisions (...)
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  34. Queering the Library of Congress.Carlos R. Fernandez - unknown
    This poster will attempt to apply the techniques used in Queer Theory to explore library and information science’s use and misuse of library classification systems; and to examine how “queering” these philosophical categories can not only improve libraries, but also help change social constructs. For millennia, philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle, have used and expounded upon categories and systems of classification. Their purpose is to make research and the retrieval of information easier. Unfortunately, the rules used to categorize and (...)
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  35. The Apport of Modal Cognition to Information-Based Theories of Rationality.Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Andrea Armeni - unknown
    Information-based theories of rationality offer a widely accepted system for evaluating the rationality of an agent's choice. All such models have to deal with seemingly irrational choices and with choices that do not reflect in actuality what the system predicts in theory. Hyperintensionality doesn't find easy or natural solutions within the information-based framework provided by such theories. Such theories, that is, aim to solve the problems of intensionality and hyperintensionality by recourse to an information-based explanation – generally grounded in the (...)
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  36. 21st Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.Ulrich Kohlenbach, Pablo Barceló & Ruy de Queiroz - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (5):848-859.
  37. Second Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.Ruy J. G. B. de Queiroz - 1996 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 4 (2):309-344.
  38. Fourth Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.R. J. G. B. de Queiroz - 1997 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 5 (6):859-927.
  39. 9th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.R. J. G. B. de Queiroz - 2002 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 10 (6):679-688.
  40. 8th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.R. J. G. B. de Queiroz - 2001 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 9 (5):739-754.
  41. Harnessing the Complexity of Education with Information Technology.Carlos Gershenson - 2015 - Complexity 20 (5):13-16.
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  42. Multi-Modal Interface for Information Access Through Extraction and Visualization of Time-Series Information.Tsuneaki Kato & Mitsunori Matsushita - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22 (5):553-562.
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  43. The Credibility of Posted Information in a Recommender System Based on a Map.Koji Yamamoto, Daisuke Katagami, Katsumi Nitta, Akira Aiba & Hitoshi Kuwata - 2006 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 21:276-286.
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  44. BisNet: An Information Sharing System Using Bookmarks of Web Browsers.Koji Sano & Hiroki Sayama - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:281-288.
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  45. Automatic Commentary System Based on Multiple Viewpoints with Different Amount of Information.Mizuki Fujisawa, Suguru Saito & Manabu Okumura - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19:483-492.
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  46. Multidimensional Information Transmission as a Function of Unidimensional Channel Capacity.Stefan Slak - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (2):224-226.
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  47. Information and the Evolution of Codon Bias.Daniel T. Wright - unknown
    The informational properties of biological systems are the subject of much debate and research. I present a general argument in favor of the existence and central importance of information in organisms, followed by a case study of the genetic code and the translation system from the perspective of information. The codon biases of 831 Bacteria and Archeae are analyzed and modeled as points in a 64-dimensional statistical space. The major results are that codon bias evolution does not follow canonical patterns, (...)
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  48. Human Rights in an Information Age a Philosophical Analysis.Gregory J. Walters - 2001 - University of Toronto Press.
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  49. Converging Technologies; Information Systems and Communication Studies:A Story of Separation and Reunion.Ehsan Sabaghian, Jennifer Stromer-Galley & Steve Sawyer - unknown
    We contrast assumptions of communications theorizing with those underlying information systems to emphasize that the convergence inherent in contemporary ecosystems of digital technologies, online services and the proliferation of information and communication technologies are bringing scholars from these two intellectual communities together while challenging their understanding of one-another’s scholarship. It is no wonder that the theory has been claimed and called both “Theory of Information” and at the same time by some, “Theory of Communication” by others. We look at that (...)
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  50. Exploring the Social Studies of Information.Thomas Haigh & Nadine Kozak - unknown
    This full day workshop builds a new community of scholars interested in exploring the potential of the "Social Studies of Information" as a meta-identity for information research informed by the humanities and social sciences. We are inspired by the broad field of STS. STS-influenced work within iSchools has been balkanized across a range of functional classifications and disciplinary identities. These differ from school to school, and are often seen as marginal or esoteric within the strongly technical focus of many iSchools. (...)
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