About this topic
Summary The philosophy of information is the branch of philosophy devoted to the thematic study of information in all its forms, and to the application of informational methods to new and traditional philosophical problems. The philosophy of information is not limited to any particular doctrine or methodology; rather, it is unified by its central focus on information as it plays out in both theory and practice. Examples of topics addressed by the philosophy of information include, among others: the nature of information; the modalities of information processing; the relations between information, knowledge, and meaning; the informational nature of mental life; the informational interpretation of reality; the value of information; the role of information in society and human interactions; and the politics of information.
Key works Though the Philosophy of Information as discipline is fairly new, works that can be labelled as belonging to one or more of the related sub-disciplines can be found at least since the Sixties. In particular for the relation with knowledge and logic: Bar-Hillel & Carnap 1953 and Dretske 1981. For a comprehensive approach of the current debates see Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011.
Introductions Adriaans 2012; Introduction in Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011; Floridi 2010; Floridi 2002.
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  1. Applying a Technological Integration Decision Framework to Innovation Governance.Dr Robert E. Davis - 2018 - ISACA Journal 2:22-27.
    Business manager-leaders face constant pressure to achieve and sustain a competitive advantage. Therefore, manager-leaders need to address the pros and cons of innovation strategies in their markets. Using strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis enable the creation and defining of objectives tailored to the firm’s environment, after assessing current capabilities. Subsequently, an enterprise’s innovation strategy converges on managing the envisioned destiny and achieving the articulated objectives. My Journal article integrates business, and IT platform strategies as a means to generate appropriate (...)
  2. Environments of Intelligence. From Natural Information to Artficial Interaction.Hajo Greif - 2017 - London: Routledge.
    What is the role of the environment, and of the information it provides, in cognition? More specifically, may there be a role for certain artefacts to play in this context? These are questions that motivate "4E" theories of cognition (as being embodied, embedded, extended, enactive). In his take on that family of views, Hajo Greif first defends and refines a concept of information as primarily natural, environmentally embedded in character, which had been eclipsed by information-processing views of cognition. He continues (...)
  3. Questions as Information Types.Ivano Ciardelli - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):321-365.
    This paper argues that questions have an important role to to play in logic, both semantically and proof-theoretically. Semantically, we show that by generalizing the classical notion of entailment to questions, we can capture not only the standard relation of logical consequence, which holds between pieces of information, but also the relation of logical dependency, which holds between information types. Proof-theoretically, we show that questions may be used in inferences as placeholders for arbitrary information of a given type; by manipulating (...)
  4. Ontology.Barry Smith - 2003 - In The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Computing and Information. Oxford: Blackwell. pp. 153-166.
    Ontology as a branch of philosophy is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects, properties, events, processes and relations in every area of reality. ‘Ontology’ in this sense is often used by philosophers as a synonym of ‘metaphysics’ (a label meaning literally: ‘what comes after the Physics’), a term used by early students of Aristotle to refer to what Aristotle himself called ‘first philosophy’. But in recent years, in a development hardly noticed by philosophers, the (...)
  5. From Peirce’s Semiotics to Information-Sign-Symbol.Gennaro Auletta - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (3):451-466.
    Peirce is the father of semiotics. However, his theory was developed long before the developments in information theory. The codification procedures studied by the latter turn out to be crucial also for biology. At the root of both information and semiosis there are equivalence classes. In the case of biological systems, we speak of functional equivalence classes. Equivalence classes represent the grid that organism impose on biochemical processes and signals of the external or internal environment. The whole feedback circuit that (...)
  6. Towards a Formal Ontology of Information. Selected Ideas of K. Turek.Roman Krzanowski - 2016 - Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce 61:23-52.
    There are many ontologies of the world or of specific phenomena such as time, matter, space, and quantum mechanics1. However, ontologies of information are rather rare. One of the reasons behind this is that information is most frequently associated with communication and computing, and not with ‘the furniture of the world’. But what would be the nature of an ontology of information? For it to be of significant import it should be amenable to formalization in a logico-grammatical formalism. A candidate (...)
  7. Toward the Development of Cooperative Information Systems on Religion.D. O. Moberg - 1972 - Social Science Information 11 (2):149-159.
  8. Data Files for a Generalized Economic Information System.R. Ruggles & N. Ruggles - 1967 - Social Science Information 6 (4):187-196.
  9. A Problem for Relative Information Minimizers, Continued.B. C. van Fraas Sen, R. I. G. Hughes & G. Harman - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (4):453-463.
  10. INFORMATION, ECHANGE ET CATALLAXIE: Réflexions Sur les Concepts-Clés de la Théorie Évolutionniste du Marché.Gerhard Wegner & Manfred E. Streit - 1990 - Journal de Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 1 (1):3-24.
  11. Information Recovery Problems.John Corcoran - 1995 - Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 10 (3):55-78.
    An information recovery problem is the problem of constructing a proposition containing the information dropped in going from a given premise to a given conclusion that folIows. The proposition to beconstructed can be required to satisfy other conditions as well, e.g. being independent of the conclusion, or being “informationally unconnected” with the conclusion, or some other condition dictated by the context. This paper discusses various types of such problems, it presents techniques and principles useful in solving them, and it develops (...)
  12. Special Issue: Information Dynamics in Artificial Societies.Emiliano Lorini, Laurent Perrussel & Roland Mühlenbernd - 2016 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 25 (3-4):269-271.
  13. Quantum Deep Learning Triuniverse.Angus McCoss - 2016 - Journal of Quantum Information Science 6 (4).
    An original quantum foundations concept of a deep learning computational Universe is introduced. The fundamental information of the Universe (or Triuniverse)is postulated to evolve about itself in a Red, Green and Blue (RGB) tricoloured stable self-mutuality in three information processing loops. The colour is a non-optical information label. The information processing loops form a feedback-reinforced deep learning macrocycle with trefoil knot topology. Fundamental information processing is driven by ψ-Epistemic Drive, the Natural appetite for information selected for advantageous knowledge. From its (...)
  14. Classifying Phenomena, Part 1: Dimensions.Claudio Gnoli - 2016 - Knowledge Organization 43 (6):403-415.
    This is the first part of a study on the classification of phenomena. It starts by addressing the status of classification schemes among knowledge organization systems (KOSs), as some features of them have been overlooked in recent reviews of KOS types. It then considers the different dimensions implied in a KOS, which include: the observed phenomena, the cultural and disciplinary perspective under which they are treated, the features of documents carrying such treatment, the collections of such documents as managed in (...)
  15. The Substantive Impact of Computers on Philosophy Prolegomena to a Computational and Information-Theoretic Metaphysics.Randall R. Dipert - 2002 - Metaphilosophy 33 (1&2):146-157.
  16. Knowledge and the Flow of Information.William P. Alston & Fred I. Dretske - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):452.
  17. Knowledge and Information in Global Competition: A New Framework for Classifying and Evaluating Manipulative Communication Techniques.Eldar Sultanow, Sean Cox, Sebastian Homann, Philipp Koch & Olliver Franke - 2016 - International Letters of Social and Humanistic Sciences 72:27-44.
    Source: Author: Eldar Sultanow, Sean Cox, Sebastian Homann, Philipp Koch, Olliver Franke Mass media initiated exhibitions of information and knowledge streams account for a significant factor of opinion-forming in modern digitalized nations and thus influence their country's political development. Within the framework of a globalized environment, this information has the ability to shape worldwide opinion and international policy decisions across geographical boundaries. Similarly, however, information and knowledge that does not flow freely has an impact on the behind the scenes decisions (...)
  18. Queering the Library of Congress.Carlos R. Fernandez - unknown
    This poster will attempt to apply the techniques used in Queer Theory to explore library and information science’s use and misuse of library classification systems; and to examine how “queering” these philosophical categories can not only improve libraries, but also help change social constructs. For millennia, philosophers, such as Plato and Aristotle, have used and expounded upon categories and systems of classification. Their purpose is to make research and the retrieval of information easier. Unfortunately, the rules used to categorize and (...)
  19. The Apport of Modal Cognition to Information-Based Theories of Rationality.Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Andrea Armeni - unknown
    Information-based theories of rationality offer a widely accepted system for evaluating the rationality of an agent's choice. All such models have to deal with seemingly irrational choices and with choices that do not reflect in actuality what the system predicts in theory. Hyperintensionality doesn't find easy or natural solutions within the information-based framework provided by such theories. Such theories, that is, aim to solve the problems of intensionality and hyperintensionality by recourse to an information-based explanation – generally grounded in the (...)
  20. 21st Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.Ulrich Kohlenbach, Pablo Barceló & Ruy de Queiroz - 2015 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 23 (5):848-859.
  21. Second Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.Ruy J. G. B. de Queiroz - 1996 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 4 (2):309-344.
  22. Fourth Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.R. J. G. B. de Queiroz - 1997 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 5 (6):859-927.
  23. 9th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.R. J. G. B. de Queiroz - 2002 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 10 (6):679-688.
  24. 8th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation.R. J. G. B. de Queiroz - 2001 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 9 (5):739-754.
  25. Harnessing the Complexity of Education with Information Technology.Carlos Gershenson - 2015 - Complexity 20 (5):13-16.
  26. Multi-Modal Interface for Information Access Through Extraction and Visualization of Time-Series Information.Tsuneaki Kato & Mitsunori Matsushita - 2007 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 22:553-562.
  27. The Credibility of Posted Information in a Recommender System Based on a Map.Koji Yamamoto, Daisuke Katagami, Katsumi Nitta, Akira Aiba & Hitoshi Kuwata - 2006 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 21:276-286.
  28. BisNet: An Information Sharing System Using Bookmarks of Web Browsers.Koji Sano & Hiroki Sayama - 2005 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 20:281-288.
  29. Automatic Commentary System Based on Multiple Viewpoints with Different Amount of Information.Mizuki Fujisawa, Suguru Saito & Manabu Okumura - 2004 - Transactions of the Japanese Society for Artificial Intelligence 19:483-492.
  30. Multidimensional Information Transmission as a Function of Unidimensional Channel Capacity.Stefan Slak - 1969 - Psychological Review 76 (2):224-226.
  31. Information and the Evolution of Codon Bias.Daniel T. Wright - unknown
    The informational properties of biological systems are the subject of much debate and research. I present a general argument in favor of the existence and central importance of information in organisms, followed by a case study of the genetic code and the translation system from the perspective of information. The codon biases of 831 Bacteria and Archeae are analyzed and modeled as points in a 64-dimensional statistical space. The major results are that codon bias evolution does not follow canonical patterns, (...)
  32. Converging Technologies; Information Systems and Communication Studies:A Story of Separation and Reunion.Ehsan Sabaghian, Jennifer Stromer-Galley & Steve Sawyer - unknown
    We contrast assumptions of communications theorizing with those underlying information systems to emphasize that the convergence inherent in contemporary ecosystems of digital technologies, online services and the proliferation of information and communication technologies are bringing scholars from these two intellectual communities together while challenging their understanding of one-another’s scholarship. It is no wonder that the theory has been claimed and called both “Theory of Information” and at the same time by some, “Theory of Communication” by others. We look at that (...)
  33. Exploring the Social Studies of Information.Thomas Haigh & Nadine Kozak - unknown
    This full day workshop builds a new community of scholars interested in exploring the potential of the "Social Studies of Information" as a meta-identity for information research informed by the humanities and social sciences. We are inspired by the broad field of STS. STS-influenced work within iSchools has been balkanized across a range of functional classifications and disciplinary identities. These differ from school to school, and are often seen as marginal or esoteric within the strongly technical focus of many iSchools. (...)
  34. Information Aspects of Cultural and Political Divisions: CS/IS iSchools and Bishop's Big Sort.Deborah Turner & Bowker - unknown
    Increasing concern focuses on how Americans self-sort—choosing to live, socialize, worship, and more with like-minded people. The ways in which people interact with information, among other dynamics, may perpetuate this self-sorting. Although much discussion describes the damaging nature of the sorting, minimal ideas for reversing it have emerged. An international ambassador concerned with the trend recently became aware of information schools with computer science programs and challenged affiliates with programs thusly combined to find ways to reverse the trend. In this (...)
  35. Empirical Modeling and Information Semantics.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic - 2008 - Mind and Society 7 (2):157-166.
    This paper investigates the relationship between reality and model, information and truth. It will argue that meaningful data need not be true in order to constitute information. Information to which truth-value cannot be ascribed, partially true information or even false information can lead to an interesting outcome such as technological innovation or scientific breakthrough. In the research process, during the transition between two theoretical frameworks, there is a dynamic mixture of old and new concepts in which truth is not well (...)
  36. Information Theory, Evolutionary Computation, and Dembski’s “Complex Specified Information”.Wesley Elsberry & Jeffrey Shallit - 2011 - Synthese 178 (2):237-270.
  37. Le Calcul de L'Ambiguite de Shannon en Code Binaire.Julien Loeb - 1959 - Synthese 11 (2):112-118.
  38. Understanding Epistemic Relevance.Luciano Floridi - 2008 - Erkenntnis 69 (1):69-92.
    Agents require a constant flow, and a high level of processing, of relevant semantic information, in order to interact successfully among themselves and with the environment in which they are embedded. Standard theories of information, however, are silent on the nature of epistemic relevance. In this paper, a subjectivist interpretation of epistemic relevance is developed and defended. It is based on a counterfactual and metatheoretical analysis of the degree of relevance of some semantic information i to an informee/agent a, as (...)
  39. The Physics of Forgetting: Thermodynamics of Information at IBM 1959–1982.Aaron Sidney Wright - 2016 - Perspectives on Science 24 (1):112-141.
    This paper charts conceptual shifts in the development of the thermo-dynamics of information as practiced at IBM from 1959 to 1982. It begins with a careful examination of how disembodied formal concepts like information were merged with physical concepts like volume and entropy in 1959 at IBM in a discourse about the fundamental limits of computing. A logical operation called “RESTORE TO ONE” became “erasure” and was equivalent to the erasing of logical histories; these logical entities were taken to reside (...)
  40. Logic, Language, Information and Computation (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 8071).Leonid Libkin, Ulrich Kohlenbach & Ruy de Queiroz (eds.) - 2013 - Springer.
  41. Epistemetrics.Nicholas Rescher - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    When this book was originally published in 2006, Epistemetrics was not as yet a scholarly discipline. With regard to scientific information there was the discipline of scientometrics, represented by a journal of that very name. Science, however, had a monopoly on knowledge. Although it is one of our most important cognitive resources, it is not our only one. While scientometrics is a centerpiece of epistemetrics, it is not the whole of it. Nicholas Rescher's endeavor to quantify knowledge is not only (...)
  42. The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information.Luciano Floridi (ed.) - 2016 - Routledge.
    Information and communication technology occupies a central place in the modern world, with society becoming increasingly dependent on it every day. It is therefore unsurprising that it has become a growing subject area in contemporary philosophy, which relies heavily on informational concepts. _The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Information_ is an outstanding reference source to the key topics and debates in this exciting subject and is the first collection of its kind. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international (...)
  43. The Value of Information as Ontological Pluralism.Massimo Durante - 2010 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (1-2):149-161.
    In my paper I will focus my attention on some philosophical aspects of the Information Ethics displayed by Luciano Floridi. Floridi’s Information Ethics has the methodological merit of providing the interpretation of the Informational Turn with a solid philosophical basis, the roots of which deserve a careful investigation. In this perspective, I will analyse a key question, which is essential not only from a theoretical but also from a practical point of view, i.e. whether or not Floridi’s construction of information (...)
  44. Disclosure and Information Transfer in Signaling Games.Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):649-666.
    One of the major puzzles in evolutionary theory is how communication and information transfer are possible when the interests of those involved conflict. Perfect information transfer seems inevitable if there are physical constraints, which limit the signal repertoire of an individual, effectively making bluffing an impossibility. This, I argue, is incorrect. Unfakeable signals by no means guarantee information transfer. I demonstrate the existence of a so-called pooling equilibrium and discuss why the traditional argument for perfect information transfer does not hold (...)
  45. No Information Without Manipulation.Olimpia Lombardi, Cristian López & Sebastian Fortin - unknown
    The aim of the present paper is to supply an elucidation of the concept of information in the communicational context. For this purpose, two traditional interpretations of the concept of information, the epistemic and the physical interpretations, will be distinguished, and their specific problems will be considered. In particular, whereas the epistemic interpretation misses an essential feature of communication, the physical interpretation faces difficulties in the quantum domain. The final goal will be to argue that the difficulties of the physical (...)
  46. An Algorithmic Approach to Information and Meaning.Hector Zenil - unknown
    While it is legitimate to study ideas and concepts related to information in their broadest sense, that formal approaches properly belong in specific contexts is a fact that is too often ignored. That their use outside these contexts amounts to misuse or imprecise use cannot and should not be overlooked. This paper presents a framework based on algorithmic information theory for discussing concepts of relevance to information in philosophical contexts. Special attention will be paid to the intersection of syntactic and (...)
  47. Open Information and Secrecy in Research.A. C. Fabergé - 1982 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 25 (2):263-278.
  48. Ethics, Organizations and Information Systems.Antonio Marturano & Alessandro D’Atri - 2010 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 8 (2).
  49. Signaling in the Brain: In Search of Functional Units.Rosa Cao - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):891-901.
    What are the functional units of the brain? If the function of the brain is to process information-carrying signals, then the functional units will be the senders and receivers of those signals. Neurons have been the default candidate, with action potentials as the signals. But there are alternatives: synapses fit the action potential picture more cleanly, and glial activities (e.g., in astrocytes) might also be characterized as signaling. Are synapses or nonneuronal cells better candidates to play the role of functional (...)
  50. The Fourth Revolution. How the Infosphere is Reshaping Human Reality.Luciano Floridi - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Who are we, and how do we relate to each other? Luciano Floridi, one of the leading figures in contemporary philosophy, argues that the explosive developments in Information and Communication Technologies is changing the answer to these fundamental human questions. As the boundaries between life online and offline break down, and we become seamlessly connected to each other and surrounded by smart, responsive objects, we are all becoming integrated into an "infosphere". Personas we adopt in social media, for example, feed (...)
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