About this topic
Summary The philosophy of information is the branch of philosophy devoted to the thematic study of information in all its forms, and to the application of informational methods to new and traditional philosophical problems. The philosophy of information is not limited to any particular doctrine or methodology; rather, it is unified by its central focus on information as it plays out in both theory and practice. Examples of topics addressed by the philosophy of information include, among others: the nature of information; the modalities of information processing; the relations between information, knowledge, and meaning; the informational nature of mental life; the informational interpretation of reality; the value of information; the role of information in society and human interactions; and the politics of information.
Key works Though the Philosophy of Information as discipline is fairly new, works that can be labelled as belonging to one or more of the related sub-disciplines can be found at least since the Sixties. In particular for the relation with knowledge and logic: Bar-Hillel & Carnap 1953 and Dretske 1981. For a comprehensive approach of the current debates see Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011.
Introductions Adriaans 2012; Introduction in Adriaans & van Benthem 2008 and Floridi 2011; Floridi 2010; Floridi 2002.
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  1. Inequalities in the Information Age: Farmers' Differential Adoption and Use of Four Information Technologies. [REVIEW]Eric A. Abbott & J. Paul Yarbrough - 1992 - Agriculture and Human Values 9 (2):67-79.
    New communication technologies such as the microcomputer, videotex/teletext systems, the videocassette recorder, and satellite receiving dishes have been available to farmers since the early 1980s. This longitudinal study examines ethical issues associated with the impact that differential patterns of adoption and use of these technologies have had on inequalities among farmers from 1982 to 1989. The results demonstrate a strong adoption and use bias toward larger scale farmers who already have well-developed skills for handling information. This bias is especially strong (...)
  2. Doctoral Programs, Theses, and Graduates in Library and Information Science in the United States an Analysis of the Published Literature, 1960-1980.Josefa B. Abrera - 1988 - Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
  3. The Use of Information and Communication Technologies for Providing Access to HIV/AIDS Information Management in a Resource-Poor Country.Adedayo O. Adeyemi & M. H. Ayegboyin - 2005 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 2:393-400.
    We investigate the growing use of information and communication technology in Nigeria and its potential as a tool to combat the HIV/AIDS epidemic through information management. Potential applications include data gathering for research and disease tracking, knowledge sharing, and dissemination of information on research findings, prevention methods, available care and support, and patient rights. The research is based on 1450 responses to a widely distributed questionnaire.
  4. Communication and Cognition: Is Information The Connection?C. Allen & M. Hauser - 1992 - Psa 1992:81-91.
    Donald Griffin has suggested that cognitive ethologists can use communication between non-human animals as a "window" into animal minds. Underlying this metaphor seems to be a conception of cognition as information processing and communication as information transfer from signaller to receiver. We examine various analyses of information and discuss how these analyses affect an ongoing debate among ethologists about whether the communicative signals of some animals should be interpreted as referential signals or whether emotional accounts of such signals are adequate. (...)
  5. Exploring the Contexts of Information Behaviour Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Reseach in Information Needs, Seeking and Use in Different Contexts, 13/15 August 1998, Sheffield, Uk. [REVIEW]David K. Allen & Thomas D. Wilson - 1999
  6. Knowledge and the Flow of Information.William P. Alston & Fred I. Dretske - 1983 - Philosophical Review 92 (3):452.
  7. Information Management Support for International Negotiations.Stephen J. Andriole - 1993 - Theory and Decision 34 (3):313-328.
  8. History, Narrative, and Meaning.Roberto Artigiani - 2007 - Cosmos and History 3 (1):33-58.
    Recent developments in the natural sciences make a renewed dialogue with the humanities possible. Previously, humanists resisted transferring scientific paradigms into fields like history, fearing materialism and determinism would deprive experience of its meaning and people of their freedom. At the same time, scientists were realizing that deterministic materialism made understanding phenomena like life virtually impossible. Scientists escaped the irony of describing a nature to which they did not belong by also discovering that their knowledge can never be complete and (...)
  9. Study on Information Technology, Automation, and the Workplace.Office of Technology Assessment - 1982 - Acm Sigcas Computers and Society 12 (1):35-40.
  10. From Peirce’s Semiotics to Information-Sign-Symbol.Gennaro Auletta - 2016 - Biosemiotics 9 (3):451-466.
    Peirce is the father of semiotics. However, his theory was developed long before the developments in information theory. The codification procedures studied by the latter turn out to be crucial also for biology. At the root of both information and semiosis there are equivalence classes. In the case of biological systems, we speak of functional equivalence classes. Equivalence classes represent the grid that organism impose on biochemical processes and signals of the external or internal environment. The whole feedback circuit that (...)
  11. 3rd Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation (Wollic'96).L. S. Baptista, A. Duran, T. Monteiro & A. G. de Oliveira - 1996 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 2 (3).
  12. Information and Content: A Semantic Analysis.Yehoshua Bar-Hillel - 1955 - Synthese 9 (1):299 - 305.
  13. Reforming the Concepts of Form and Information.Andrea Bardin - 2015 - In Epistemology and Political Philosophy in Gilbert Simondon. Springer Verlag.
  14. Extending and Interpreting Post’s Programme.S. Barry Cooper - 2010 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 161 (6):775-788.
    Computability theory concerns information with a causal–typically algorithmic–structure. As such, it provides a schematic analysis of many naturally occurring situations. Emil Post was the first to focus on the close relationship between information, coded as real numbers, and its algorithmic infrastructure. Having characterised the close connection between the quantifier type of a real and the Turing jump operation, he looked for more subtle ways in which information entails a particular causal context. Specifically, he wanted to find simple relations on reals (...)
  15. The Contribution of “Information Science” to the Social and Ethical Challenges of the Information Age.Shifra Baruchson‐Arbib - 2007 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 5 (2/3):53-58.
  16. On the Logic of Information Flow.Jon Barwise, Dov Gabby & Chrysafis Hartonas - 1995 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 3 (1):7-50.
    This paper is an investigation into the logic of information flow. The basic perspective is that logic flows in virtue of constraints and that constraints classify channels connecting particulars In this paper we explore some logics intended to model reasoning in the case of idealized information flow, that is, where the constraints involved are exceptionless. We look at this as a step toward the far more challenging task of understanding the logic of imperfect information flow, that is where the constraints (...)
  17. Living Versus Inanimate: The Information Border. [REVIEW]Gérard Battail - 2009 - Biosemiotics 2 (3):321-341.
    The traditional divide between nature and culture restricts to the latter the use of information. Biosemiotics claims instead that the divide between nature and culture is a mere subdivision within the living world but that semiosis is the specific feature which distinguishes the living from the inanimate. The present paper is intended to reformulate this basic tenet in information-theoretic terms, to support it using information-theoretic arguments, and to show that its consequences match reality. It first proposes a ‘receiver-oriented’ interpretation of (...)
  18. The Transition to Civilization and Symbolically Stored Genomes.J. Beach - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (1):109-141.
    The study of culture and cultural selection from a biological perspective has been hampered by the lack of any firm theoretical basis for how the information for cultural traits is stored and transmitted. In addition, the study of any living system with a decentralized or multi-level information structure has been somewhat restricted due to the focus in genetics on the gene and the particular hereditary structure of multicellular organisms. Here a different perspective is used, one which regards living systems as (...)
  19. Pragmatic Information in Dynamic Semantics.Peter beim Graben - 2006 - Mind and Matter 4 (2):169-193.
    In 1972,Ernst Ulrich and Christine von Weizs ¨acker introduced the concept of pragmatic information with three desiderata:(i) Pragmatic information should assess the impact of a message upon its receiver;(ii)Pragmatic information should vanish in the limits of complete (non-interpretable)'novelty 'and complete 'confirmation';(iii)Pragmatic information should exhibit non-classical properties since novelty and confirmation behave similarly to Fourier pairs of complementary operators in quantum mechanics. It will be shown how these three desiderata can be naturally fulfilled within the framework of Gardenfors' dynamic semantics of (...)
  20. 18th Workshop on Logic, Language, Information and Computation (Wollic 2011).Lev Beklemishev, Ruy de Queiroz & Andre Scedrov - 2012 - Bulletin of Symbolic Logic 18 (1):152-153.
  21. Information Transfer Across Chu Spaces.J. Benthem - 2000 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 8 (6):719-731.
    Chu spaces are a new model for information structure and mathematical structure in general. Their properties are usually developed as a form of category theory. In this note, we show how they may also be viewed as models for a two-sorted first-order language, and we determine the exact flow of information across the natural Chu transforms. Our analysis is akin to that of process graphs via bisimulation and modal formulas.
  22. An Intelligent Approach to Information Integration.Sonia Bergamaschi, Silvana Castano, S. De Capitani Di Vimercati, S. Montanari & Maurizio Vincini - 1998 - In Nicola Guarino (ed.), Formal Ontology in Information Systems. Ios Press.
  23. IFIP; Social Informatics: An Information Society for All? In Remembrance of Rob Kling Vol 223.Jacques Berleur, Markku I. Nurminen & John Impagliazzo (eds.) - 2006 - Springer.
  24. Automation and the Information Society: Informatics for Development.F. A. Bernasconi - 1984 - World Futures 19 (3):305-315.
  25. The Political Economy of the Flow of Information.Yantao Bi - 2012 - Asian Culture and History 4 (2):p43.
    In the global context, the economic-technological powers are also the political-cultural powers, which have the capacity to obtain the maximising benefits from the global flow of information. Meanwhile, the countries which are inferior in economics, technology, etc. feel unable to enjoy the fruits of the information society; they have to struggle for their right to communicate.
  26. Information and Representation in Autonomous Agents.Mark H. Bickhard - 2000 - Cognitive Systems Research 1 (2):65-75.
    Information and representation are thought to be intimately related. Representation, in fact, is commonly considered to be a special kind of information. It must be a _special_ kind, because otherwise all of the myriad instances of informational relationships in the universe would be representational -- some restrictions must be placed on informational relationships in order to refine the vast set into those that are truly representational. I will argue that information in this general sense is important to genuine agents, but (...)
  27. Tragedy of the Anticommons? Intellectual Property and the Sharing of Scientific Information.Justin B. Biddle - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (5):821-832.
    Many philosophers argue that the emphasis on commercializing scientific research---and particularly on patenting the results of research---is both epistemically and socially detrimental, in part because it inhibits the flow of information. One of the most important of these criticisms is the ``tragedy of the anticommons'' thesis. Some have attempted to test this thesis empirically, and many have argued that these empirical tests effectively falsify the thesis. I argue that they neither falsify nor disconfirm the thesis because they do not actually (...)
  28. Information and Communication Technology.David Blacker & Jane McKie - 2003 - In Nigel Blake (ed.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Education. Blackwell. pp. 234--252.
  29. Mechanistic Information and Causal Continuity.Jim Bogen & Peter Machamer - 2010 - In Phyllis McKay Illari, Federica Russo & Jon Williamson (eds.), Causality in the Sciences. Oxford University Press.
    Some biological processes move from step to step in a way that cannot be completely understood solely in terms of causes and correlations. This paper develops a notion of mechanistic information that can be used to explain the continuities of such processes. We compare them to processes that do not involve information. We compare our conception of mechanistic information to some familiar notions including Crick’s idea of genetic information, Shannon-Weaver information, and Millikan’s biosemantic information.
  30. Philosophy of Life in the Age of Information: Seinsgeschichte and the Task of “an Ontology of Ourselves”.Charles Bonner - 2013 - In S. Campbell & P. Bruno (eds.), The Science, Politics, and Ontology of Life-Philosophy. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 109.
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  31. The Apport of Modal Cognition to Information-Based Theories of Rationality.Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Andrea Armeni - unknown
    Information-based theories of rationality offer a widely accepted system for evaluating the rationality of an agent's choice. All such models have to deal with seemingly irrational choices and with choices that do not reflect in actuality what the system predicts in theory. Hyperintensionality doesn't find easy or natural solutions within the information-based framework provided by such theories. Such theories, that is, aim to solve the problems of intensionality and hyperintensionality by recourse to an information-based explanation – generally grounded in the (...)
  32. Information Rights: Citizenship in the Information Society.Mark Bovens - 2002 - Journal of Political Philosophy 10 (3):317–341.
  33. J. Van Eijck and A. Visser, Logic and Information Flow.C. Brink - 1997 - Journal of Logic Language and Information 6:337-338.
  34. The Social Life of Information.John Seely Brown & Paul Duguid - 2010 - In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
  35. Information Technology and the Transformation of Diplomacy.Robin Brown - 2005 - Knowledge, Technology & Policy 18 (2):14-29.
  36. Disclosure and Information Transfer in Signaling Games.Justin P. Bruner - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):649-666.
    One of the major puzzles in evolutionary theory is how communication and information transfer are possible when the interests of those involved conflict. Perfect information transfer seems inevitable if there are physical constraints, which limit the signal repertoire of an individual, effectively making bluffing an impossibility. This, I argue, is incorrect. Unfakeable signals by no means guarantee information transfer. I demonstrate the existence of a so-called pooling equilibrium and discuss why the traditional argument for perfect information transfer does not hold (...)
  37. The Alise Guide to Doctoral Study in Library and Information Science.Julie K. Burke & Association for Library and Information Science Education - 1992 - Kent State University.
  38. 5.Stephen F. Bush - 2013 - In Information Theory and Network Science for Power Systems. Wiley-Ieee Press. pp. 128--161.
  39. Norbert Wiener and the Rise of Information Ethics.Terrell Ward Bynum - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press.
  40. Resolving Conflicting Information.John Cantwell - 1998 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 7 (2):191-220.
    Information received from different sources can be inconsistent. Even when the sources of information can be ordered on the basis of their trustworthiness, it turns out that extracting an acceptable notion of support for information is a non-trivial matter, as is the question what information a rational agent should accept. Here it is shown how a support ordering on the information can be generated and how it can be used to decide what information to accept and what not to accept. (...)
  41. Signaling in the Brain: In Search of Functional Units.Rosa Cao - 2014 - Philosophy of Science 81 (5):891-901.
    What are the functional units of the brain? If the function of the brain is to process information-carrying signals, then the functional units will be the senders and receivers of those signals. Neurons have been the default candidate, with action potentials as the signals. But there are alternatives: synapses fit the action potential picture more cleanly, and glial activities (e.g., in astrocytes) might also be characterized as signaling. Are synapses or nonneuronal cells better candidates to play the role of functional (...)
  42. Energy or Information?Igor Čatić, Maja Rujnić-Sokele & Borislav Dadić - 2010 - Synthesis Philosophica 49 (1):173-180.
    The descriptions of the development of events in nature from the moment of the Big Bang are using concepts of ‘energy’ and ‘matter’. Systemically, these descriptions lack the third component of every system – information. This brings up the question of where in these descriptions information is and does it possibly precede energy. The analysis used the general systems theory, one of the powerful methods in modern science. For the description of the general technology , from the Big Bang to (...)
  43. Information, structure et forme dans la pensée de Raymond Ruyer.Georges Chapouthier - 2013 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 138 (1):21-28.
    La conception épistémologique dualiste de Raymond Ruyer, où l'information n'est signifiante que par l'exercice d'une conscience relevant d'une autre dimension, a permis à l'auteur d'échapper à un dogme erroné dans ce domaine : celui qui voulait identifier information, ordre et néguentropie. Même si les conceptions philosophiques des scientifiques d'aujourd'hui, généralement matérialistes et monistes, sont différentes, leurs conséquences rejoignent les positions épistémologiques de Ruyer où information, structure, forme ou évolution des espèces ne peuvent être conçues selon un réductionnisme simpliste. Raymond Ruyer's (...)
  44. Évaluer les Systèmes de Recherche d'Information : Nouveaux Modèles de L'Utilisateur.Stéphane Chaudiron & Madjid Ihadjadene - 2004 - Hermes 39:170.
    Cet article présente l'apport des sciences cognitives à l'évaluation des systèmes de recherche d'information. Correspondant à une ouverture par rapport au paradigme «système» de l'évaluation, l'approche cognitive présente néanmoins des limites à la fois théoriques et méthodologiques qui sont présentées dans la première partie. Dans la deuxième partie, une extension de l'approche cognitive, qualifiée d'approche holistique, est présentée à travers quatre modèles qui illustrent le fait que l'enjeu n'est pas seulement de comprendre le comportement des usagers afin d'améliorer la performance (...)
  45. Basque International Workshop on Information Technology: BIWIT '94, Biarritz, February 1994.Claude Chrisment - 1994 - Theoria 9 (2):245-245.
  46. Questions as Information Types.Ivano Ciardelli - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):321-365.
    This paper argues that questions have an important role to to play in logic, both semantically and proof-theoretically. Semantically, we show that by generalizing the classical notion of entailment to questions, we can capture not only the standard relation of logical consequence, which holds between pieces of information, but also the relation of logical dependency, which holds between information types. Proof-theoretically, we show that questions may be used in inferences as placeholders for arbitrary information of a given type; by manipulating (...)
  47. Information, Contemplation and Social Life.Frank Cioffi - 1970 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 4:105-131.
    Wittgenstein has a remark in which he admonishes us to remember that not everything which is expressed in the language of information belongs to the language game of giving information. In this paper I want to illustrate how the language of information may be used to disguise the character of the interest we take in social life, an interest whose candid and undisguised manifestations are to be found in literature.
  48. A Definition of Information, the Arrow of Information, and its Relationship to Life.Stirling A. Colgate & Hans Ziock - 2011 - Complexity 16 (5):54-62.
  49. Information States, Attitudes and Dependent Record Types.Robin Cooper - unknown
    Within the community of researchers applying type theory to natural language there have been proposals to use contexts from type theory to model information states and to use context extension to model information updates. Examples of this are Ranta (1994) and research conducted in the DenK project (e.g. Ahn, 1995, Ahn and Borghuis, 1998).
  50. The Principle of Wholistic Reference.John Corcoran - 2004 - Manuscrito 27 (1):159-171.
    In its strongest, unqualified form the principle of wholistic reference is that each and every proposition refers to the whole universe of discourse as such, regardless how limited the referents of its non-logical or content terms. Even though Boole changed from a monistic fixed-universe framework in his earlier works of 1847 and 1848 to a pluralistic multiple-universe framework in his mature treatise of 1854, he never wavered in his frank avowal of the principle of wholistic reference, possibly in a slightly (...)
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